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Times-promoter. (Hernando, DeSoto County, Miss.) 1898-1970, May 06, 1909, Image 6

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Notes From Foreign Lands, Through
out the Nation, and Particularly
The Great Southwest.
The very Rev. John Marshall Lang,
chancellor and principal of Aberdeen
(Scotland) university, died Sunday.
He was born in 1834 and was noted
writer and lecturer.
Rear Admiral Hedworth Lambton
commander of the English squadron
anchored in Yokohama harbor was
granted an audience with the emperor
Promptly at midnight Friday night
the government of Saskatchewan
province took over the entire tele
phone system in that province recent
ly purchased from the Bell Telephone
company, and now the Bells are out
of the vast tract from the great lakes
to the Pacific. Manitoba and Alberta
already had taken over the systems
in their borders.
After Dr. F. W. Page of Waverly,
Mass., an alienist, had declared that
Chester S. Jordan, on trial'for the
murder of his wife, was incurably ill
and could not survive three years,
the defense attempted Friday to have
a record breaking hypothetical ques
tion of 31,000 words introduced. The
court decided that the question was
really a review of the evidence.
New York City finds itself facing a
problem in carrying out its agreement
with Andrew Carnegie to provide sites
for seventy-eight public libraries for
which the ironmaster appropriated
$5,000,000. So far the city has ac
quired only fifty-five sites and will
have to acquire twenty-three more.
Antonio Cipollo was hanged at Fol
som prison, California, Friday for the
murder on March 4 of last year of
Joseph Priano. Cipollo and a com
panion enticed Priano up the Sacra
mento river, stabbed him and threw
him into the water after robbing him.
Chas. W. Fairbanks, former vice
president, concluded through agents
Thursday a deal for the purchase of a
$30,000 residence in one of the fash
ionable districts of Pasadena. It is
said he will make this his future
L. W. Bingham, of Cleveland, a pri
vate detective, was shot and probably
fatally injured by his wife Thursday
afternoon. After telephoning the po
lice to come, the woman and her
daughter ate ice cream.
Contracts have been awarded by
the isthmian canal commission ap
proximating in value $1,000,000 for
supplies of various kinds to be deliv
ered during the fiscal year 1910.
The Wisconsin house Wednesday
killed the Stou woman suffrage bill
by a vote of 53 to 34. Since the bill
passed the senate four weeks ago the
women of the organization did every
thing within their power to influence
assemblymen in favor of it
Eugene Pearson, chief clerk of the
United States army transport service
in San Francisco was
Wednesday on a charge of having em
bezzled $1,145. Pearson's books are
said to have shown several apparent
The French government has award
ed a first-class life saVers' medal to
John R. Binns, for courage displayed
when the White Star steamer Repub
lic was run down by the steamship
Florida off Nantucket last January.
Binns was the Marconi operator on
board the Republic.
William E. Johnson, of Salt Lake,
Utah, special Indian agent who has
been investigating the source of sup
ply of what is known as the "Peyote"
bean, which has been sold to the In
dians, condemned the supply of beans
and bought them for the government,
paying $2.50 per thousand.
Chester M. Hamsher, in the federal
court at Kansas City, pleaded guilty
to a charge of signing his wife's name
to love letters which he wrote to Neil
Johnson, a wealthy man of Atchison,
Kas., and he was sentenced to a year
in Jail.
Chief Inspector Cochran or the Den
rer postofflce announced Wednesday
that a mail pouch containing 29 regis
tered packages had been lost from
a Union Pacific train between Green
River and Bryan, Wyo., Sunday night.
Shafroth of Colorado
Tuesday signed the campaign ex
penses bill passed by the recent legis
lature, and the unique measure be
law in ninety days. The bill
0s comes a ... W— —
provides that the state shall contrib
ute for campaign expenses every two
years, 25 cents for each vote cast at
preceding general election.
Rev. W. P. Whitlock, aged 76, one ot
the oldest and best known clergymen
conected with the Methodist episcopal
church, died Sunday at Delaware, O.
Gilbert D. Preston, president of the
Inter-State Coal & Coke company shot
and killed himself Sunday in the bath
room of his home a*t Columbus, Ohio.
Cornelius Fellows, founder and the
president of the National Horse Show
association, died Friday, aged 69. It
was largely due to his efforts that the
annual horse shows held in Madison
Square Garden attained their popu
H. Ota, councilor in the department |
of agriculture and commerce for the I
Japanese government, has been ap
pointed comissioner general to the
Alaska-Yukon-Pacific exposition and
will come to Seattle imediately to
take charge of the Japanese exhibits,
Fire caused by crossed wires Thurs
day night destroyed the plant of the
Piqua (O.) Home Telephone company. I
A score of operators seated at the
switchboards when the fire broke out
had narrow escapes, the entire build
ing being in flames a minute or so |
assurances from the officials of the I
department of justice that there would
be an investigation of the charge of
discriminating by the Harriman rail
roads which were recently made by
the merchants of Salt Lake and other!
after it was discovered.
Senator Smoot Thursday received
cities in Utah.
At least two persons were burned |
to death and many severely injured in
a fire which threatened to destrtfy a
six-story tenement in New York. The
fire, starting-on the third floor, worked
up to the roof and imprisoned many
When Margaret Tarney, a beautiful
lG-year-old girl, saw' Des Moines offi
cers arrest Charles A. Morgan, a mar
ried man to whom she wrote burning
love letters, she swallowed an ounce
of laudanum. She was taken to a hos
pital, where her condition is preca
Charles K. Shu, probably the first
Chinaman to be made a justice of the
peace in this country, was Wednesday
invested with that authority by the
comonwealth of Massachusetts. Shu
; |
, .. , _ ... . .
is a native of Seattle, Wash.
New York is to have the highest
hotel in the world, is plans filed with
the bureau of building are carried out.
They call for a thirty-one story struc
ure, 376 feet high.
The Rev. Edward Everett Hale, aged
chaplain of the United States senate,
was taken ill on his way from Wash
ington to Boston "Wednesday, and is
now confined to his home.
Nat Goodwin has purchased the Her
vey 60-acre orange grove near Fuller
ton, Cal., paying for it $64,000. The
ranch is considered one of the most
attractive in that section.
The annual edition of the "Quax,"
Drake University's student publica
tion, was confiscated by the faculty
and its editors threatened with possi
ble expulsion unless two objectionable
cartoons were withdrawn.
The Florida house of representa
tives Tuesday adopted a resolution en
dorsing "the democracy of the match-1
less and peerless leader of the Demo
cratic party, William Jennings Bryan."
Former Congressman John J. Lentz
of Ohio, Tuesday filed a petition in
bankruptcy in the United States court
scheduling liabilities of $87,082.41, of
which $13,300 is secured and assets
of $20,645.
J. R. Capablanca, the Cuban cham
pion, after fifty-two moves scored his
second victory Tuesday night against
Frank J. Marshall, in the fifth game of
the chess match at the Manhattan
club at New York.
On account of the funeral of Maurice
Powers, a former member of the Phil
adelphla Athletics, the game between
Washtngton and Phtladelphla Amert. , s
can Leagues scheduled for Thursday
at Washington will be postponed.
Advices received Tuesday from
Sydney, Australia, state that Jack
London, the American author who
started on a tour of the South Sea t 0
Islands many months ago in the sloop
Snark has sold the boat at that port
continued intermittently for the past I its
sixteen hours at a point on the Great
Northern, a mile east of Nyack, Mont.,
have completely blocked traffic and a [ in
and gone to South America.
Earth and snow slides which have I
dozen trains, including four passen
ger trains, are tied up qpeither side. I
Adele Boas, the 13-year-old daugh- '
ter of Arthur E. Boas, is at home with
her parents, the mystery of her disap-1
pearance having been dispelled and
the case resolves itself into nothing
more than the escapade of a child
with a sudden desire to see the world.
. .. . j.
According to a dispatch received
Monday night former Governor Low
rey. of Mississippi, who is ill in New
Orleans, has suffered a relapse and
it is not believed he can survive for J y
An unidentified wire tapper w r as I y
caught sending results out of the 0
grand stand at Lexington, Ky. De- of
tectlves stripped him of a pocket key
and wires running down his trousers
legs to heel plates connected with
wires through nails on which be stood. I
He was put off the grounds
many hours.
Thousands of the Opponents of Warfare, Including Many
Distinguished Diplomats and Statesmen, Gather to
Discuss Disarmament and Worldwide
Chicago.—Every civilized country on
I the globe was represented in the
ond National Peace Congress, which
began here Monday.
was the greatest of its kind ever held
to in America, and brought to Chicago
some 25,000 persons who are zealous
workers in the cause of world-wide
peace. Among these were eminent
I statesmen and diplomats of this and
other nations. Unfortunately, official
dutieB prevented both President Taft,
the honorary president, and Secretary
| of War Dickinson, the president of the
congress, from being present.
On Sunday there were special serv
I ices * n most of the Chicago churches,
peace meetings under the auspices of
30c * a list and labor organizations, and
a * arge mass meeting which was ad
dressed President Schurman of
Cornell university, Rev. Jenkins Lloyd
Jones and Dr. Emil G. Hirsch of Chi
The gathering
"I. The men and women, now a
"The organized peace party has its
| cag0
Welcome to the Congress.
Orchestra hall was filled to the
limit Monday when the first session
was called to order by Robert Treat
Paine of Boston, the presiding officer,
for governors, mayors and hundreds of
clubs had been asked to appoint dele
gates, and most of them had
sponded. President Dickinson's ad
dress, the same he delivered several
weeks ago before the Hamilton club,
was read, and the congress was then
formally welcomed by Gov. Charles S.
Deneen for the state, Mayor Fred A.
Busse for the city and Rev. A. Eugene
Bartlett, chairman of the reception
| committee. The secretary then read a
brief letter from President Taft, in
which the chief executive heartily
. commended the aims of the congress,
Miss Anna B. Eckstein of Boston
next was ln t roduced to the meeting
and read a « World Petition to the
Third Hague Conference."
This was
. V \
» k
William J. Calhoun.
followed by an address by Dr. Benja
min F. Trueblood, secretary of the
American Peace Society, on "The Pres
ent Position of the Peace Movement."
What Has Been Accomplished.
Dr. Trueblood said in part:
"Let me sketch in the barest out
lines what has already been accom
plished. The interpretation will take
care of itself.
belleve , ha , tlle „
, s „ hm H|nd brnte (orce 8hou| J
direct the policies of nations and pre
side at the settlement of their dif
ferences, are now thoroughly organ
ized. A hundred years ago there was
not a society in existence organized
t 0 promote appeal to the forum of
reason and right in the adjustment of
international controversies.
there are more than 500, nearly
important nation having
its group of peace organizations. Their
constituents are numbered by .tens of
thousands, from every rank and class
in society philanthropists, men of
trade and commerce, educators and
Jurists, workingmen, statesmen, rulers
even -
International Peace bureau at Berne,
Switzerland, binding all its sections
into 0Q e world body. It has its Inter
Pea ff c ™« re8s whl <* has
held 17 meet ' n f 8 in 20 years-con
gresses over which statesmen now feel
^ honor , de>
Triumph of Arbitration,
« n The positlon which the peaco
movemen t has reached is no less dis
y nc ti y determined by the practical at
tainments of arbitration. We are this
y ear celebrating what is really the
0 ne hundredth anniversary of the birth
of our movement, for it was in 1809
that David L. Dodge, a Christian mer
chant of New York city, wrote th®
pamphlet which brought the move
ment into being, and led six years
later to the organization in his parlor
in New York of the first Peace society
in the world. There had then been
no arbitrations between nations in our
modern sense of the word 'nations.' In
the 100 years since 1809 more
than 250 Important controversies have
been settled by this means, not to
mention an even greater number of
less important cases, the settlement
"Of which involved the principle of ar
bitration. Within the past 20 years so
rapid has been the triumph of arbi
tration that more than 100 interna
tioual differences have been disposed
of by this means, or between five and
six a year for the whole 20 years.
The Hague Conferences.
"III. In order to determine further
the advanced position which the
peace movement has attained on its
practical side, the two Hague confer
and what they have ac
complished must be taken into ac
count. It is still the habit of some per
sons to speak disparagingly of these
great gatherings and their results.
Some do it because they are satisfied
with nothing short of immediate
fection; others because they wish the
whole movement for the abolition of
war to fail. Othere do it purely from
"The first Hague conference gave us
the permanent international court of
arbitration, to which 24 powers finally
became parties by ratification of tha
convention. This court has now for
eight years been in successful opera
tion, and not less than four contro
versles have been referred to it dur
ing the past year. The second Hague
conference enlarged and strengthened
the convention under which this court
was set up, and made the court the
tribunal, not of 25 powers, but of all
the nations of the world.
"The high water mark of the work
of the second Hague conference
reached in its action in regard to fu
ture meetings of the conference. The
principle of periodic meetings of the
conference hereafter was approved
without a dissenting voice. The date
even of the third conference was fixed
and the governments urged to appoint
at least two years in advance an in
ternational commission to prepare the
program of the meeting."
Dean W. P. Rogers of the Cincinnati
Law school brought this session to a
close with an eloquent talk on "The
Dawn of Universal Peace.'*
Addresses Monday Evening.
Monday evening's meeting was de
voted to "The Drawing Together of
the Nations,
by Dr. Hirsch. The addresses were
on "Independence Versus Interdepend
ence of Nations," by Prof. Paul S.
Reinsch of the University of Wiscon
sin; ' Racial Progress Towards Univer
sal Peace," by Rev. H. T. Kealing of
Nashville, Tenn.; and "The Biology of
War," by President David Starr Jor
dan of Leland Stanford, Jr., Univer
sity. At the same time another meet
ing was in session in Music hall, with
Miss Jane Addams in the chair. The
speakers there were Joseph B. Burtt
of Chicago, on "Fraternal Orders and
Peace;" Prof. Graham Taylor of Chi
cago Commons, on "Victims of War
and Industry; '' Samuel Gompers, presi
dent of the American Federation of
Labor, on "Organized Labor and
Peace," and John Spargo of Yonkers,
N. Y., on "International Socialism
a Peace Factor."
Commercial and Legal Views.
Two big meetings were held Tues
day morning, one on commerce and in
dustry, presided over by George E.
Roberts, president of the Commercial
National bank of Chicago, and the
other on "Women and Peace," with
Mrs. Ellen M. Henrotin of Chicago
chairman! The former session
addressed by Belton Gilreath of Bir
mingham, Ala., W. A. Mahoney of Col
umbus, O., James Arbuckle, consul of
Spain and Colombia, St. Louis, and
Marcus M. Marks, president of the
National Association of Clothiers, New
York city. The women heard Inter
esting speeches by Mrs. Philip N.
Moore, president of the General Fed
eration of Women's Clubs; Miss Jane
AddamB and Mrs. Lucia Ames Mead
of Boston.
"Some Legal Aspects of the Peace
Movement" was the general topic of
the Orchestra hall meeting Tuesday
afternoon, and the chairman William
J. Calhoun of Chicago. Prof. William
I. Hull of Swarthmore college dis
cussed the advances registered by the
two Hague conferences, and James
Brown Scott, solicitor of the state de
partment, talked about some questions
which the third Hague conference
probably will consider,
lems Capable of Settlement by Arbi
tration" was the subject of a learned
paper by Prof. Charles Cheney Hyde
and was presided over
Legal Prob
of Chicago.
In Mandel hall, at tha University of
Chicago, a special session was held for
universities and colleges, a feature
of which was an oratorical contest
participated in by students. Louis P.
Lochner of Madison, Wis., spoke on
"The Cosmopolitan Clubs."
The general session of Tuesday
evening was perhaps the most inter
esting of the congress. "Next Steps
in Peacemaking" was the topic. The
audience was aroused to great enthu
siasm by an eloquent and spirited ad
dress by Congressman Richard Bar
tholdt of Missouri, president of the
American Group, Interparliamentary
union. Another paper that met with
deserved applause was that of Edwin
q •
Richard Bartholdt.
D. Mead of Boston on "The Arrest in
Competitive Arming in Fidelity to The
Hague Movement."
Competitive Arming.
In discussing this question, Mr.
Mead said:
"Let us consider simply Great Brit
ain, Germany and the United States.
It is unnecessary to go further, be
cause these three nations control the
situation, and they are the chief sin
ners. If these three nations began to
day to act, with reference to arma
ments, in accordance with the spirit
and purpose of The Hague convention,
the peace and order of the world
would be assured to-morrow.
"In 1898 Great Britain spent on her
navy $124,000,000; Germany spent
$29,000,000; and the United State*
.spent $50,000,000.
Britain spent $170,000,000; Germany,
$83,000,000; and the United States,
$104,000,000. The increase in precise
ly ten years when there should have
been decrease was enormous. Our
own army expenses last year were as
great as our navy expenses. Our navy
expenses this year will be $30,000,000
greater than last year. We are to
day paying for expenses of past wars
and preparations for possible wars 65
per cent., practically two-thirds, of
our total national revenue, leaving
barely one-third available for all con
structive purposes. What would Wash
ington and Jefferson and Franklin say
to this? We know what they did say
about things of this sort. They would
say to-day that the republic was stand
ing on its head.
Last year Great
Hop® for tha Future.
"This is what has come about in
ten years in these three nations be
cause The Hague conference in 1899
did nothing about the reduction or ar
rest of armaments. As we now look
back, we see that it could not do much
directly at that time. The war sys
tem of nations could be supplanted
only by the gradual development of a
system of International law and jus
tice to take its place. When the first
Hague conference created the inter
national tribunal, it did indirectly the
most probably which it could do in be
half of the reduction of armaments,
because it took a long step in furnish
ing the nations with such legal ma
chinery for the settlement of their dif
ferences as makes recourse to war
machinery more and more unneces
sary and inexcusable. It has been in
the line of this thought that the in
ternational lawyers have had their
hopeful assurance. Develop the legal
machinery, they said, and the arma
ments will perforce crumble of their
own dead weight.
"The continued and rapid develop
ment during the decade of provision
for the peaceful settlement of interna
tional disputes has been something un
paralleled in history. The leaders ol
the movement for international justice
are sometime^ reproached with being
dreamers. The only trouble with them
in the past ten years has been that, so
far as the development of the instru
ments of international justice are con
cerned, they have not been able to
dream daringly enough or fast enough
to keep up with the facts."
Among the diplomats who came to
Chicago to attend the Peace congress
were: Ambassador Count Johann
Heinrich von BernBtorff of Germany;
Herman de Lagercrantz, envoy from
Sweden; Wu Ting Fang, envoy from
China; Alfred Mitchell Innes, coun
selor of the British embassy, and Dr
Halvdan Kont of the University ol
Norway. The Japanese, Turkish and
French embassies also were repro
•a. ...■.

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