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VOLUME II. SPIilNGS, AUGUST 24, ISS. 17. TERMS. Dollars per annum, payable in advance; Xo subscription for less than one year, anil no paper will be discontinued (except at the option of the publisher.) until all arrearages are r.-.id. .- :re to give notice of discontinuing the piper, will be considered anew encasement. ADVEETISMEXTS not exceeding a square (ten iines,nr less) will be conspicuously inserted at the rate of or- Jr'!ar !-r :'. o f.rt insertion, and fi ty cents fur every subsequent continuance. Longer advertisements in the same proportion. The number of insertions must be marked uaon the MS. otherwise they will le ro:.: .". - i ur.t:! ordered out, and charged accordingly. ALL articles of a personal nature, will be charged for at double the rates of advertising. ALL political circulars.orlibiic addresses for the benefit of indlvidus.! r'r eompani s, will be charged as advertisements. Annunciations of candidates, will be charged as advertisements. BILLS for advertisement and Job work JTre. considered due as soon as ih wor i cv;. ;vr- be paid.r thev will not betaken out oj the oii.ee. r i. A.- mav ma jd remittances bv jiaii.at our ris. viujnui 3, v-'-v- - '"i miiiw. jiiuiuuv,iaiiu,n in i.iiiiiiua'cs, vin vimigCu i n i ci n i"s. Ul l nil tin cillvnilfllis JUKI J son will be expected to pay the same whenever called upon OX all letters and communications addressed to th? publisher, the posta" must NOlXUIXG CANDIDATES. 8IO, for State OJiceS $5, for County Offices Payable IX ADVANCE. SUBSCRIBERS at a distance m suffrage of the people, a right inesti mable to them, an I formidable to tyrants on ly. It openly opposed the election of a dis tinguished individual as Chief Magistrate FKI.VJTED ArYD.ISMTHD I2Y E. Percy Howe. We are authorised to state that Felix j iifn. . . - r f . r- ii i n. uaue , ue oo to county, wiu , because hi inte-ritv would not permit erve.if elected Judge o. the High Court. him to CXJUft il3'iafjence or swerve from of Errors and Appeal?, for the Northern lhe ,ine of hi3 dul to promote it3 inter. uiingo, Tippah, Marshall, Desoto, Tunica, Coihoma, Panola, Lafayette, Pontotoc, Itawamba, Monroe, Chickasaw, Yalo busha, and Tallahatchie Counties, Wm are authorized to announce fiOHDEN'- TLA. WAIT a a candidate Pr the Oilice of Probate Clerk of Marshall county. est. Itsuported partizanf who opposed the passage of laws the most wholesome and necessary for the public good. It sustained numerous presses the most violent in their abuse of the Pre sident for his opposing with manly firmness, invasions on the rights of the people. It endeavored to render itself indepen We are authorized to announc K0DI1UT II. BCCKXEK. Msn. o! Clinton, as n. ran Widate for the office of Chancellor of the dent of, and superior to, the legislature & tat, at the next Election: IT 8 10 executive powers It sent toi th branches to many states We are authorised to announce LEVI JIcCUOSKV, I-Lkj as a candidate for the a he rurally of .Marshall County. Printers fee 5. with swarms of oilicers to harrass tne people and eat out their substance. It gave large sums of monev to mem hers of congress fir pretended services We are authorised to announce JAMES as attorneys, thereby securing their influ C. ALDERSON, Esn. as a candidate for t'.e ence in congress as effectually as if a di- office of Clerk of the Circuit Court of Mar- rect bribe had been friven. o hall County. Printers fee 85. e nre authorized to announce Alexander T. Caruthers as a candidate for the Onlce f Clerk of the Circui; Court. Printers fee 83. V are authorized to announce Col. Thohmto Davis f as a candidate for Clerk of the Circuit Court of .Marshall County. Priter's fee dolhrs. " r ' - - - - - It loaned the enormous sum of $"237, 137 to members of Congress in the year Ib26. Its loans to members of congress in IS32 were $1S0,3G5; in 1S33 1 17.GSS, and in 1S34, $25S,227. There was a marked uniformity in the number of mem bers thus accommodated, the highest be ing 59 and the lowest 41. During these vears the question of its re-charter .was agitated by the people and was before Congress. It refused to permit the committees sol emnly appointed bv congress to investi gate its affairs, or to inspect its books and accounts It excluded the Directors, appointed by purposes for which society was formed and which government was established to perpetuate; it is then the right of the people to alter or abolish them, and to . . .i j r. i .i suDsllluie some omer ueposuory lor me public funds, laying iU foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in uch form as to them seem most hkelv to effect their safety, and secure a sound Constitutional currency. It is no less a duty also which the people owe to them seres to oppose by all lawful anil peacea ble means in their power, all encroach ments upn their liberties and happiness by the banks now in existence. Prudence indeed, will dictate that systems of fi nance which have been long established, hould not be changed for light and tran sient causes: and accordingly all mankind are more disposed tosufler while the evils are sufTerable, than to right themselves by abolishing forms to which they are accustomed. When a long train of abu ses and corruptions, evinces a design to reduce the people to absolute bankruptcy and despotism, in case the banks should fail to maintain their assumed powers, and their usurpations, it is the light of the people it is their duty to throw off such tyranny, and provide new guards for future security. Such has been the patient sufferance of the people of these 17. S. and such is now the necessity to al ter their former system of finance. The history of the late bank of the U. S. is a history of injuries and abuses tending di rectly ta to the establishment of abs lute power over the people, and over the au tnority of ihe general government. To prove this let facts be submitted to a can did world. It has endeavored to corrupt the free A DECLARATION OF INDEPEN DENCE. SUBMITTED TO THE PEOPLE OF THE U. S. FOJi CON SI DERATION. When in the course of human events, it become necessary for a people to dis- I the president and confirmed by the senate soive me political nana wmcn nave con-1 to watch over the interests ot tnegovern- ncted them with the banking institutions j ment, from any supervision over, parti al their country, and assume to them- cipation in, or acquaintance with its trans- seives the separate and sovereign control I actions. of their funds, to which the laws of states! It caused to be presented to congress ana the laws ot iNatious entitle them, a from persons entertaining the most ran decent respect to the opinions of man-1 corous hostility to a democratic govern kind requires that thy should declare I ment. many thousands of petitions, for the causes which impel them to the sep-jits re-charler, and for the restoration of eration. I the public depositee; the sole purpose for Y e hold these truths to te seit-evident; which was o fatigue congress into a com that all banks have one object in vciw, pliance with its wishes- The excitement that of gain, and are endowed with cer- of that period popularly called the 'panic tain rights and privileges toellect that ob- session, was seized upon by the partizan ject. That among these are the reception advocates of the bank and used by them, f money on deposit, dealing in drafts & as a means to bring the Executive into a exchanges, discounting promissory notes, discredit, and to impair the confidence cf and issuing bills which they are bound to the people in the permanency and wis redeem in coin whenever demanded, oc jdom of our Government; and one distin the collection of their debts according to guished Senator pronounced in his place the laws of the land: That to secure that "we were in the midst of a revolu these privileges. Charters have beenjtion;" another made an inflamatorv granted bv the general and state govern-j speech on the Sabbath in the large com- rnenis wim ine consent oi in- governeu. I nierciai cuy oi ruuimore, ueciaring a- That when banks trancend their just and mong other things, that there were "no legitimate powers, and by a course of p!- oabbaths in Kevolutionary tunes icy endeavor to subvert tne liberties oi it retused to surrender the pension the people, they are destructive of those books and accounts, and the monies ad vanced to the branch bank, to pay the revolutionary pensioners. Its partizans threatened the president with violence, and strove to excite the populace to the commission of acts of tumult and bloodshed. It loaned to the Editors of one newspa per the sum of S'3-,975 and justified the loan as a 'fair business transaction,' the Editors promising in their application for a part of it. that 'the time will come when we will requite the service; an I they have since most faithfully kept their promise by advocating the interest oi the Dank, and by slandering the adverse party. The government bem a stockholder and in terested to amount of one fifth of the whole of the capital of the bmk of the IT. it was just ly entitled to one-fifth of any surplus ihat might remain after the rightful demands against that institution were discharged. This claim is strengthened by the fact that the bank was for nearly tweaty years ihe depository of the (Tovernmeut, and of en had for a longtime, the use of large sums of public money, from which it derived greit profit ani paid nothing in return. Honesty dictated that a propor tionate distribution should be made amongst the stockholders, the government being one; but in violation of all honesty, justice, and reason, the bank not only pursued a po'icy to prevent surplus, but made the moat improp er uses of the surplus which remained, not withstanding such policy, at the expiration oi its charter; for donations to incorporated com panies to prosecute works of Internal Improve ment for tne printing anu ciicuniion among the people to an unlimited nujiber, of the speeches and reports of its partizans in Con gress, the sum of $l)4,7r?0 25, for the purchase if a service of plate to be presented to tbo president of the bank, (N. Eiddle,) the sum of iIO.000 dollars. Kor have the state banks met onrexpecla-f tions. Trey hare irom time to time been warn- j ed of the example and fate of the bank of the! United States, nnd thev too have turned a .1 e .1 . u-w rar, iu me voice oi reason anrt jus tice. They hav commenced banking operations without solid capital, issuing post notes, winch soon after their is-ue, they b?came s utter ly worthless, that th-y !;a've been offered by the bushel, measure for measure, for seed po- tat;es. They hive sold their coin for a premiam at the very time thy were refusing to redeem their notes. They have issued notes of different, denomi nations less than one dollar, which depreciated in the hands of the people, and become the sub ject of derision under thenars of 'shinplasters and 'wild cat currency. Sincewhichthey have succeeded in e3tablihing a temporary creJit, and Have obtained a circu lation for their bills, have made large discounts to speculators, enabling them to monopolize many articles of trade as well as tne necessa ries of Jiff, and caue them to be sold at the most exherbitant prices. They have combined with companies and in dividuals to speculate in Public Lands, to the prejudice and ruin of honest and worthy set tlers. Many lixal banks have been convicted of the grossest acts of fraud a;id some have had m-re than one hundred thousand dollars in circuli tion, without 'living one hundred dolhrs in their vaults. They have in some cases positively refused to redeem !heir notes in coin, after having ad vertised It the world that thir means ware HOLLY SPRlXfiS Eclectic 1 rrs t i t ii t c. The third session of the Ec'wic Institu tion will commence on Monday ti.e eighth of July. We have so arranged our ho.rfas to make room for sixty or seventy : should that number be obtained, ml .17! tion will be devoted to the Institution, until I can procure a comreent assistant. Young ladies from a distance can ho ac commodated with board in private families near the school. Music on the PIANO FORTE bv Mr. Kossoski. J. G. TOMPKLN'S. June 29 1830. 4 dolmks rr.r. yimk. Payable in advance I n the "2m day cf Sy ten".: iyi i sell at the Court oil use siie::iff sale. cf Si tcrv.rer r ext I in It..v Spinas, Lot Xf "2iK a n'.einatclco original plan of said toun U cd t:i t y virtue of aa Alia Ete--t:::oa t t..e L rected from the Circuit Court of Mi. ill co. as the property of Jiu e llirp at t instance of !I. 5. Morgan A:t-t. "e within lawful hour. SIIEIIIPFS SALE. George Thompson, v Thomas I) Mason Edmund II VLitfi;j Thomas Sage use &c. vs: Thomas D Mason Williams 5, Eppcs vs: Thos D .Mason, L. McCEPSKY, 15 v V July 27. IST.L. EITES, i. S fell Eli! FEMALE. I SHALL OFFER for e to i1 est bidler, for cash, at the esv.rl 1 -e ri Edu.uud II WLitfieMj Holly Springs online third Mt ...?.IV .f KoWrt II Pattillo I August nev, lots TVo. HI, 1 I IT A: v: f X -15, a- designated on ti.e ! in f ti e The a me Mari!;a!l County, and to me dircctci'. 1 Y virtue of executions in the above sta ted cases from the Circuit Court of .- . . . . will on the first Monday of August next sell for cash at the Court House in Holly Springs, all the right, title, claim and interest of Thomas D. Mason in and to the following ampu to cjo so, tnercDy smcermg itieir noies 10 03 an j inds viz: Ixtso 7Uanl N) con depreciate in tne hands of the people During t!i time of the general suspension of the banks. Directors and stockholders pur chased stock ami bills f their banks, at one half their nominal value, and afterwards receiv ed the full amount from ti.e banks realizing a profit of one hundred percent a, the expense of honest creditors. Without notice to the government those banks which had the custody of the public mon ies, relumed to pay any portion of the deposites in a constitutional currency .o enable the gov ernment to pay the Revolutionary Pensioners, and other public creditors, obliging them to re ceive payment in depreciated paper, or permit their claims to remain unsatisfied until the President could convene congress to provide ways and means. Banks, whose characters are thus marked by so many acts of fraud, injustice and corrup tion, are unfit depositories for the public trea sure, and the existence institutions which actually practice snch fruads, injustice and cor ruptions, is dangerous to any government founded on public virtue. We have appealed to the native justice and magnanimity of those who had the direction of banks, and we have conjured them by all the ties of our common kindred, to discontinue those frauds and usur pations, which would eventually dissolve our connexions and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the remonstrance of justice and consanguinity. W e must therefore, acquiesce in the necessity which demands the separation of bank and State. We, therefore, the Representatives of those who resisted the tyranny of the King of Great Britain in times past, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our in- I tentions, do, in the name of a sovereign Peo pie, solemnly publish and declare: That these U. S. are absolved trom all political connexion with any bank whatever; and that there be es tablished, a FREE AND INDEPENDENT TREASURY, possessing full power to collect the revenue, keep it on deposite, and disburse the same under the direction of Congress and the executive, and to do all other lawful acts and things which an independent treasury may ot riirht do. And tor the support cf this dec laration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other, our lives, our fortunes and our sa cred honor. taining 19 acre?, oil of Lot No. 1 except rz acres in the N. E. corner and three acres on the West boundary of said Lot, as represent ed oa the !an of lhe addition to I lolly Springs, as laid ofTon section 3"J township 3, range 2 ; GO acres out of the South west corner of Lot No. 'V2 on Section 1, Township 4, Range 3 west. Sale within the time pre scribed h law; L. McCIiOSK'V Sh'ir, of Marshall countv. June q I st 1S39. 3t. printers fee S3. SHERIFF'S SALE. Lorenzo D. Pearce, ' vs Needham Kenedy, George 117 Craft and George I). Younr. Taylor & Smith, vs The Same, to w n of I la! I v S v ri nr: !e v if d property of David II. Hall to sritl-fy following alias Executions, to me c ree led from the Hon. circuit court of Mar shal County Mi., arraicst the sa I I. II. Hall and others securitie-s in forth co-r.-ing bond, viz: One In favor of II. S. Morgan 5c co., one in favor of Eoc::i v't Christian, one in favor f-fJ. Alston A: A. (Jillis, one ia lavor of Hawkins ar.d Rhea vs. A. Ni. hols and the sani D. II. lb'.l and ore in favor of J. S CurtU aa:nt A. Hall. a.e ;i:::ri W. J. & C. Harbert, vs. The Same. Niles & Elder vs Tho Same. Jehu H. McPherjon. vs Xeedham Kennedy, crrar DENTISTRY. CHARLES O'BRYA SURGEON DENTIST lias located in Holly Springs, where he win spend the present year, rersons from the country will be waited upon at al times. Oliice on the west side of the square. Kfcfr JElilNUES. Rev. G. V. Baker, R. G. Kyle, Dr. W. S. Reid, W. C. Edmonson, Dr. J. Chisholm, II. M. Lusher, Dr. Dewitt of the Northern. Uank. Dr. Tompkins J. Caruthers Col. H. Harris, Dr. Walker. SHERIFF'S SALE. BY virtue of a Fi, Fa, tc me directed, from the tlonoiable Circuit Court of Panola County Mississtppi, I will sell to the highest bidder tor cash at the Court House door in Holly Springs, on Monday the 16th day of Sept. next, section of Land No. 1, tcunship 5, Range 4, west. L.cned on as the property of Needham btevens, at the instance of James Brown. L. JIcCROSKY. Sh'fir. Jane 12th 1SS9. 6t 2 SHERIFF SALE. By Virtue of Sundry Executions I will Sell at the Court House door on the 3d Monday of the present month Forty Likely Negroes. L. McCROSivY, Sh'ff. printers fee $1. Isaac A. Herron, vs. The Same. Josiah Deloach vs The Same. W. J. &, C. Harbert vs The Same. E:II: & Fr E.-Whitfield John Swan and vs: the same James L. M. By virtue of executions in the above sta ted cases from the Circuit.Court of Marshall County to me directed. I will on the first Monday of August next sell for cash at the Court house in Holly Springs, all the right title claim and interest of .Need ham Kenedy in and to Lot No- 58, as repre sented on the plan of the Jiddition to Holly Springs as laid off on section 31 Township 3, Range 2, west. Sale within the time prescribed by law. . L. McCHOSKY, Sheriff. June2oth 1S39.31 Printers fee S 10 SHERIFF SALE. BY VIRTUE of two fi fas to me direc ted by the Honorable Circuit Court of Marshall County I will sell for cash at the Court House in Holly Springs on the 3d. Monday of August next, all the right title and interest of Benjamin Powell and W. W. Ragan, to the east half of lots Nichols an D. H. law ltd hours. L. M'CROSKY sh.T. July 12 1533. 10-St. SHERIFF SALE. Hawkins fc Rhea ) vs. J Denj. J. MaTone, i Alex. C. M'Ewen. J BY VIRTUE of an Execution in t:: above stated case from the Circuit Couit ot Marshall County to me directed, I will sell for cash on the 1st Monday of Sept. next at the Court House in the town of Holly Springs lots -2 10 as de- signatrd on the plan of the town of HjI J v Springs. Sale within Jaw ful hours. L. M'CROSKY, Shul July 12 1S39. lO-Sy. p. fee $4. fellEliiti ALE By virtue of two executions to me di rec ted from the CircuitCourt of Marshall co. I will sell at the Court Ho-ise ia Hol ly Springs on Monday th-? 2nd day of September next, all the right title aniin terest that William R Adams has in and to lot Xo4I in the town of Holly Springs at the instance of O. I. Watson Arcu-. and Lewis Rose to satisfy their debts and costs. Sale withlnlawfu! ho:.r. L. McCROSKY, Sh-;T. By V. EPPES, D.S.Vff. July 2?th 1S3D. THE STATE OF MISSISS1FFI. ) ' Marshall County. Libbins French, vs: Charles Stepheas. In the above case the plairti:rtaa?g;:eI out an attachment for i'iOG.tii asriiut the estate of the defendant, which altncLnjeij: L now pending in the circuit court of Marsha! county. Notice is hereby given that unVs- the defendant, shall appear jive srcial tad and plead on or before the tlrst monday cf i i - . i i . i No. 47 and 4S, a3 represented on the piemoer nexr, jlu,. ... tv, plan of Holly Springs; to satisfy one Ex- aDd hiS csta a:ht.y:J,-J;T , ecution in favor of Andrew AUin, and the T , 0, . l'J' ALDLiO... L.er. other in favor of Harris & Holland Jul.y r n . , .xI . , r i l 4w Printers Fee G oo.iar?. Sale Within lawful hours. . cnrnirrcur L. M'CROSKY, Shfl. July 12, 1S3D. 10-3t. p.-fee-Sl. SHERIFF SALE. BY VIRTUE OF Four fi fas to me di- reeled trom the Honorable Circuit Court of Marshall county, will sell for cash at the Court House in the town of Holley Springs on the third Monday in August " ii . i i . . . I i f next, ail tne ngnt, line, ana interest oi Coleman Squires to the east half of Sec tion 3a. T. 3. K.2. west to satisfy 2 ex ecutions in favor of Joseph Mosby & one ia favor of Caruthers and Cain, and one in favor of Kyle, Elder 4 Co. Sale with in lawful hours. L. M'CROSKY, Sh'fi. July 12, 1S3D. 10-3t. SHERIFF SALE. BY VIRTUE of an Execution to me directed from the Honorable Circuit Court of Marshal! County, I will sell for cash at the Court House in Holly Springs on the 3d Monday of August next, part of lot No. 279, as represented on the plan cf Holly Springs IeviecrJi as the proper ty of Thomas N. Loving at the instance of Jno. Shelby. Sale within law&J hours. L. M'UKUSKV.hir. July 12, IS39. 10-3t. By virtue of the following execution? to me directed from the Circuit Court of Marshall co. to wit John W. Campbell W. S. Randolph, Wm. Cram fc Alexander C. M'Ewea Granniss White kCo. and Buckmaster Bowl by. all against Ed mund II. Whitfield and securities. 1 will on the 3d tnonday of September next, at the Court House in Holly Springs, sell for cash to the highest bidder all the richt ritle claim and interest of said Whittle Id to Lots No 49, 50, and 51, all of Lot Xo IS except 22 feet front and 55 feet Kick Lots No 139 and 150, and 49 feet part of Lot No 16 Lot No IS on section .", a re presented on the plan of Holly Springs. L. McCROSKY, sh'fr; Aug. 9. IS39 St. Printers fee five dollars. ' ii. J. J. Chiholm, " OFFERS his professional service- to th Citizen- of Hopy Springs, in the pnctlce cf Medical Surgery, & Obstetrics. OZr OlUce next door toPr. KeitI; where L mav be found at all times, unless absent ca his profesioaal business. An? 4-1 ft- G k A J" V I L L E L E W i . ATTOSNET AT LJIU". .Fbrjarr U, 1133.