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Yrtu iie Democratic evi .
POLITICAL PORTRAITS. JAMES . POLK. Mr. Polk,, who is the olJest of ten chil dren, was born in Mecklenburg county. North Carolina, on the second of November, 1785. and is consequently in the forty-third jear of Image. His ancestors, whotc name. Pollock, has by obvious transition, assumed its present form, emigrated, more than a century ago, from Ireland, a country from which many of our most distinguished men are proud to derive their origin. They es tab ished themselves fir-t in -Vary land, where some of their descendants still sojourn. The branch of family from which is sprung the subject r f this memoir, removed to the neighborhood of Carlisle, in Pennsylvania, and thence, to the w estern frontier of North Carolina, some time before the commence ment of the Revolutionary war. Its connec tion with that eventful struggle is one of rare distinction. On the twentieth of May, 1775. consequently mure than a twelvemonth an terior to the declaration of the Fourth of July, the assembled inhabitants of Mecklen burg county, publicly absolved themselves from their allegiance to the Brittish Crown, and issued a formal manifesto of Indepen dence, in terms of manly eloquence, which have become "fan.iliar as household words" to the American people. Col. Thos. Polk, the prime nwer in this act 01 noble daring, one of the first signers of the Declaration of In dependence, was the great uncle of the pre sent Speaker, who is also connected w ith the Alexanders, Chairman and Secretarv of the famous meeting, as well as with Dr. Eu phraitn Brevard, the author of the .Declara tion it.-c!f. The father of Mr. Polk was a farmer of unassuming pretensions, but enterprising character. Thrown upon his own resources in early life, he became the architect of his own fortunes. He was a warm sup;orter of Mr. Jefferson, and through life a firm and conH'ent republican. In the autumn of ll6, he removed to Tennessee, where he was among the first pioneers of the fertile valley of lJuek River, then a wilderness, but now tht most flourishing porho o' the St.tU-. The magical growth ot a country whicti was but yesterday r-deen -d from V e sole d minion of nature, is a ptienomeio:i of gr. a-mora- and political interest, nn 1 rann tt fai, to impress a character of strength and en terprise Uon the autho s and jartici uor of the wonderful result. II w can man lar; gu sh or halt when all around him is expan ding and advancing with irrepressible ener gy In this region Mr. Polk till resides, so fhat he may he said, literally, to have grown vitii its growth, and strengthened with its strength. Of course, in the infancy of its pritit nient, the opportunities for instruction could not have been great. Notwithstuid irg this disadvantage and the still more for midable one of a painful affliction, from wi.icn, after years of suffering, he was final ly relieved by a surgical operation he ac quired tl.e e!emen:sof a good Kngiish educa tion. -Apprehending that his constitution h d bf n to much impaired to permit th ci ni i -iP-r.t of s'udy, Uis fat' er determined, m if. i I iv r, Hgin-t the wdl of the son, to m .ike t ini a commercial man; witl.Jhi vU seta.iily p'ticed him with a merchant. Ujo:i i!ul t.iMnJt-r threads h:nfr ihe d -sti-i,i, sof iiiV! A iit'le more, mJ the iincnn pronesir.g op onent of ti c Bulk f the Unt il d Srttt -, t!.e d' nuicrHtic Speaker of the House t.f Ueprest ntatives, might have been at this day, in pite of his onji.i and early tcudrncies. a Whig preacher of panics, ut tering jermaids for the f-ite of the shadowy and intangible thing yclapt -credit system," lf shape i might be call'd, that shape had none. Distinguished in member, joint, or limb; Or substance might be called, that shadow see.n'd, for each seem'd either." He remained a few weeks in a situation adverse to his wishes and incompatible with his taste. Finally his earnest appeals suc ceeded in overcoming the resistance of his father, and in July, 1813, he was placed first under the care of Dr. Henderson, and subsequently, at the arademv of Murfree. borough, Tennessee, then under the direc tion of Mr. Samuel P. flack, justly celebra ted in that region as a classical teacher. In the autumn of 1815, he entered the Uni versity of North Carolina, having, in less than two years and a half thoroughly prepared himself to commence his collegiate course. It will be seen from this hasty sketch, that the history of the Speaker furnishes an in teresting example of talent and perseverance triumphing over di-heartening difficulties in early life. So frequent are such instances, that it would almost seem that true merit re quires the ordeal of adverse circumstances, to strengthen its temper and i'i:ir.uish it from unsubstantial pretensions. Mr. Tolk's career at the University wa distinguished. At each semi-annual exam ination, he bore away the first honor, and i nally graduated in 1818, with the highest distinction of Mi class, anJ with the reputa tion of being the first scholar in both the mathematics nd classics. Returning to Tennessee, from the State which is in two senses, his alma matr, wih health considerably impaired by exc;:ssive appl cation, Mr. Folk, in the beginning of the year commenced the study of the law in the office of Senator Grundy, and in 180 wa admitted to the bar. He commen ced his professional career in the coun'y f t Maury, with great advnntg-9, dei ived from tie ccnr.ectiw of hi, familv with its eprh Kettlement. To U is l our hb.warmest friends are the sharers of his father's far'y priva tions aiid difficulties, tm the a- ares of bis own youth. I Hit his success was du t his personal qualities, Mill moreihnnto ex t'ins c advantages. A repuMicnn in habits as well as in prii.ciples, depending for th maintainaace of his dignity upon the ,.ni of others, and not his own assumption.! s niacners conciliated the general good. Ti confidence of his friends was justified ty the result. Ilia thorough ncademical preparation, his accurate knowledge of the law, Lis readiness tnd resources of debate his unwearied application to business, secur ed him, at once, full employment, and in less than a year he was already a leading practi tioner, fcuch prompt success in a profession where the eirly stages are proverbially slow and discouraging, tails to the lot of few. Mr. Polk continued to devote some vears exclusively to the laborious prosecution of his profession, with a progressive a ucmenta tion of" reputation, and the more solid rewards by which it is accompanied. In 1823, he entered upon the stoimy career of politics, oeing chosen to represent his county in the State Legislature, by a heavy majority over the former incumbent, but not without form idable opposition. He was, for two succes ce3sive ears, a member of that body, where his ability for debate, his talents for business at once gave him reputation. The early personal and political friend of Gen. Jackson he was one of thoe who in the sessions of 1823, '1 called that distinguished man from his retirement by electing him to the Senate of the United States; and he looks back with pride to the part he took in an act which was followed by such important consequences. In August. 1825 being then in his thirtieth year, Mr. Po!k was chosen to represent his district in Congre-s, and in the ensuing De cember took his seat in that body, where he ha remained ever since. lie brought into the national councils those fundamental principles to which he has adhered through all the personal muations of party. From his early youth he was a republican ot the "straitest sect." He has ever regarded the Constitution of tho United States as an in srumi'nt of specific and limited powers, and that doctrine is a the very foundation of the deiirjcratii creed. Of course, he has ever boon, what is termed a strict cons tructionist. repudiating, above all things, tha latitudinous interpretations of federation, wh.ch U-n J to t e consolidation of al! power in the central government. He hasMgnalized his hostility t. these usurping doctrines in all their modes. He ia- always refused his assent to?he ap propriation of money bv the redera Govern inent for what he deems t';e unconstitutional lurjose of constructing works oi internal improvement within tlie States. He took gro:nd early against the constitutionality, a II as exjK'diei'Cy or a .National Dank: und in August, 18il,consequontly several months beiore t ie appearance of Gen Jackson's first message, announced then his opinions in a oublished letter to his constituents, lie has ever b t n opposed to an oppressive tariff for n otc tion, and was, at all times; the strenu . us adv ca'e of a reduction of the revenue to the economical wants of the Government. Cntertainin these opinions, as we have oc casion to illustrate ami entering Congress as he did, at the first session after the election of the younger Adams he prominently took his stand against the broad aud dangerous doctrine developed in the message ot that Chief Magistrate, and was during the contin uance of his a lministration firmly and reso lutely, but not f.ictiously, opposed to its lead ng measures. When Mr. Polk entered congress he was w ith one r two exceptions the junior mem ber of that body. 2ut capacity like h'S could not long remained unnoticed. In con sequent of the pa pable disregard of the public will manifested in the election by the House of Mr. Adams, together with the m-ansbv whch it was effected, a proposition was broight forward and much discussed at the time, to amend the constitution in such manner as to give the choice of President immediately and irreversibly to the people. In favor of this proposition, Mr. Polk made his first speech in congress, which at once attracted the attention of the country by the force of its reasoning, the copiousness of its research and the spirit of honest indigna tion by which it was animated. It was at once seen that his ambition was to distinguish himself by substantial merit rather than rhe torical display, the rock upon which most young orators split. At that same session, that egregious measure of political Quixitism the Penama mission, which was proposed in contempt of the sound maxim, to cultivate friendship w fh all nations, yet engage in entangling alliances with none, gave rise to a protracted debate in both Houses of con gress. The fxploded federal doctrine was upon this occasion revived, that as under the constitution, the President and Senate exclusively are endowed with the treaty miking faculty, and that of orginating and appointing to missions, their acts under that power become the. supreme law of the land, nor can the House of Representatives deliber ate upon, much less, in the exercise of a sound discretion, refuse the appropriations necessa ry to carry them into effect. Against a doc trine so utterly subversive of the rights and powers of the "popular branch of Congress, as welt as of the fundamental principles of democracy, ATr. Polk strenously protested, embodying his views in a series of resolu tions, which prod-iced, in a tangible shape, the doctrines on this question of the repub lican party of D3. The first of the resolu tions which presents the general" principle with brevity and force, runs thus: "that it is the constitutional right and duty of the House of Representatives, when called upon for appropriations to defray the expenses of oreif'n missions, io uc iuciuio ui wjg cjjcu encv or inexpediency of such missions, ai d todeterminr end act thereon, as in their julg m nt mav cem most conductive to the pub ic guod." In IV -ember, 1827, two y-ars after his entrance in the House, Mr. Polk was placed on the important committee of For.Mgn aff airs, and tome time after was appointed, in addi'ion, chairman of the Se'ect committee io which was referred that portion of the I res-idtn'ts message calling the attention of . ngress to the probable accumulati n ol a -ui lus in fhe 1 reasury, after the anticipa ted extinguishment of the ationl Debt. As the eadof this committee he madea lucid re lrt, replete with the soundest ooctrines,ably eniorceo. denying the constitu'ional power of congress to collect from the people, for distribution, a surplus beyond the wants of the Government and maintaining that the revenue enould Le reduced to the exigencies of the public service. In December. IS32, he was transferred to the committee of Ways and means, with which his connection has been sod stinuish ed. At that session the Directors of the Bank of the United States were summoned to Washington, and examined upon oath, oeioie the committee just named. A divis. ion of opinion resulted in the presentation of two reports 1 hat of the majority, which admitted that the Bank had exceeded its lawful powers, by interfering with the plan of the governniert, to pay off the three per cent, stock, was tame, and unaccompanied by pertinent tacts, or elucidating details. Mr. Polk, in behalf of the minority, made a detailed report, communicating all the mate rial circumstances, and presenting conclu sions utterly adverse to the institution which had been the subject of inquiry. This ar rayed against him the whole bank power, which he was made to feel in a quarter where he had every thing at stake, for upon his return to his district he found the most formidable opposition mustered against him for his course upon this question. The friends of the United States Bank held a meeting at Nashville to denounce his report. The most unscrupulous misrepresentations were resorted to in order to prove that he had destroyed the credit of the West, bv proclaiming that his countrymen were un worthy of mercantile confidence. Tho re sult, however, was that af'er a violent con test, Mr. Polk was re-elected by a majority of more than three thousand. Fori.ma vlu for the stability of our institutions. tr,s panics which "frighten cities from their bronrietv." do not sweep with the same desolating force oier the scattered dwellings of the country. Toward. the close of the memorable ses sion of (835, Mr. Sjaker S ;evenson re signed the chair, as well as his seat in the Mouse The majority of the democratic party prefei red Mr. Polk as his success r, but in consequence of division in its r.inks, the Opjxwition. to whom his prominent and uncompromising course had rendered him less acceptable, succeeded in electing a gen tle man, then a professed friend, but S'nce a decided opponent of the President and his measures. Mr. Polk's defeat produced no change in his course. He rem lined faith ful 'o his party, and assiduous in the prior manc! of arduous duties. In December, 1835, ho was elected Speaker of the House of Representatives, and chosen again in Sep tember last, after an animated contest. The duties of this difficult situation, tt is now con ceded, he has discharged with rare fidelity and fairness. In the begining unusual diffi culties were thrown tn his way by animosity which was sometime carried to an extent that called forth general animadversion. During the first session in which he presided more appeals were taken from his decision than had occurred in the whole period since the origin of the Government; but he was uniformily sustained by the House, and by many of his political adversaries, fetran cers of all parties who visit Washington are struck with the dignity, prompti.ude, and impartiality with which he presides over the deliberations of the House. It w-.s with reat pleasure that we heard, but the other day, an eminent member ot the Cpposition .t i . i - in tnaiooay, near uie same testimony. ioi- withstanding the violence with which be had been assailed, congress passed, at the close of the session in 1837, an unanimous vote of thanks toils presiding officer, from whom it separated with the kindest feelings; and no man, now, could enjoy its conndence and friendship in a higher degree. His calmness and good temper have allayed the violence of opposition, in a station for which his quick ness, and sagacity eminently quality him. Few public men have pursued a firmer or more consistent course than Mr. Polk. Upon several emergencies when the current of popular opinion threatened to overwhelm him, he has sternly adhered to the convic tions of duty, perfering to sink with his prin ciples, rather than rise by their abandonment. This, we have noticed, was me cause atter his bank report in 1833, and he incured the same hazard, when in 1835, he avowed his unalterable purpose not to separate from the democratic party in the presidential election. On each of these occasions, the populor ex citement in his district would have appalled and driven back a timid and time-serving politician. Had he been governed by sel fish motives; had he consulted his own per sonal ease and looked to his re-election atone; had he in short regarded success more than principle he would have yielded his own con viction to the indications not to be mistaken. of popular opinion. But he took counsel of no- bier sentiments an J with a fearlessness char acteristic of his whole public course avowed and presisted in his well-matured determina tions. He s jcceded in carrying truth home to an enlightened coDstituencvivas sustained bv increasing majorities, and is now so strong in the good will of his district, that at the last election no opposition was attempted No thing can be more false than the chargs of subserviency w hich has been brought agaj nst him. in common with the prominent suppor ters of the late admin's! ra'ioi. It is true that despising the cant of no party, which has ever been the pretext of selfish, and trea cherous politicians, and convinced that in a popular government nothing can be ac complished by isolated action, he has always acted with his party; as far as principle would justify. Upon most of the prominent moasuresof the late administration however his opin.ons were not only g-neruily known but ho had actually spoken or voted, befoie the accession of Gen. Jackson to power. Mr. Polk is a ready debater with a style and manner forcible and impressive. In discus sion, he has alway been distinguished by great courtesy, having never been known to indulge in offensive personality, which, con" side ring the prominence of his course, and the ardor of his convictions, U no small mer it. As a proof ot his exemplary assiduity, he is said never to have misted a divis cn, while occupying a seat on the floor of the House, his name being found upon every list of the yeaa & nays. His ambition was to be a useful member as well as a prominent actor and accordingly he performed more than a full fhareof the active business of Jeeislalion. In person he is of middle suture, with a full angular brow, and a quick and penetrating eye. The expression of his countenance is, grave but its serious cast is often relieved by a particularly pleasant smile indicative of the amenity of his disposition. The amiable character of his private life which has ever beeR upright and pure secures to him the es teem andfriendship of all who have the ad vantage of his acquaintance. j We are authorized to announce JOHN THROUSDALE as a candidate for Assessor and Tax Collector of Marshall ctumy. Notice n iirKL.Ll torwarn aiyFersons against -"purchasing Section sejen, Iiani-e Five. Town Eight; Section rj went -ix, same Township and lianas ; Section Twelve, Range Six, Township Eight; and South Fraction of Section Jne, Ranire Six, and Township Eight, situnt in 'Panola county, belonging to Robert E. Reatty. The notes for the purchase mnnev heinc as vet unpaid and the said !ar;,l ject to the ,-avment of the lM.LUUu oiliuj, . - sub By Attorney, B. II. Johnson. Aug. 21, 1S29. 5w Prs !eeS6 IVotice. By virtue of an execution to tne direc ted from the circuit couit of Marshall county 1 will sell lor cash at the court house door in the town of Iioil y Springs on rnonday the 16th day of .September next all fhe right l-tle and interest that Joseph Talkinglon has in and to the southeast quarter of section 13 of Town ship 6 range 5 west Levied oa as the property of said 2'alkington io satisfy an execution in favour of John Ray for the ue of Gporge iM. Terrid; sale within the lawful hours; this the 11th day of Au gust 1S39. L. :rCRCSKY, sh'rf. By D. M. DAVIS, D. Sh'ih 3t Printers fee 5 dollars. rv o t c e . By virtue of an execution to me di rected from the circuit court of Marshall county I will sell for cash in the town of Holly Springs on monday the 16th day of September next, all the right title claim and interest that Paschal Callicat has in and to the south west qua ter of section 33, township 4, range 4, west levied on as the property of Paschal Cal licats to satisfy an execution in favour of Samnel Johnston; saie within -the lawful hours; this 1 1 th day of A ugust 1 839. L. McCROSKY sh'rT. By D. M. Davis D. ah ff. 3t Printers fee 5 dollars. S h ' ff Sale. Bv virtue of two fi fas to me directed from the circuit court of Marshall county one in favor of Travis Sage and one in favor of R. II. Patillo I will sell for cash at the court House in Holly Springs on the $d monday ol September next all the wnght title and interest of Thomas D Mason to 12 acres of land it beini? the south part ot lot so on section 1 T. 4, Range 3, west; sale within lawful hours. L. McCROSKY sh'fll August 14th 1S39. Printers fee 4 dollars, Sh'ff Sale. By Virtue of an alias fi fa to me direc ted from the circuit court of Marshall county 1 will sell at the court house in Holly Springs on the 16th ol September next all the right title claim and interest that Elbert Early hath in and to lots No. 53 and 54 as laid down cn the addition to the Plan of WaterfWJ in Marshall county at the instance of U liham E. V ilhams and yatt Epps to satisiy their debt and cot; sale within lawful hoursj L. McCROSKY, Sh'rT August I4th 1S39. 3t Printers fee 4 dol!"'-":. The State of Mississippi ) Marshall county. J Probate Court June Term 1S39. William G. Wynne Administra tor of the estate of Richard A. Ech ols Dc'd. this day exhibited on oath to the court, an account of the per sonal estate, and debts, of the de ceased, as far as he can discover tf c same, which account is received by the court, and ordered to be recor ded. Whereupon, upon the petition' f the said administrator, (it appear ing to the court thut sa;d estate is insolvent) it is therefore ordered by the court, that Jesse Lcwellcn and Tryon M Yancy be, and they are hereby appointed CctnmRsioners to keceie and examine all claims o: the several creditors of said csta:e; and said commissioners shall give notice ol the times and places of their meeting, to attend the credi tors, for receiving and examtnirg tf eir claims by publishing the same in the Marshall County Republican, a newspaper pubbJed in the town of Holly Springs, and nine months shall be allowed the crcdprs for bringing in and proving their claims before sai commissioners WIL . If. BOUKL XD. A Copy. Test. In CV.Mxi.encc to the above orJor, tre the undersioTict! co:rimissi.r,crs will attend at the oiRee ot the Pro bate Clerk in 1 lolly Springs on the 4th monday of September, Ieceni Im r aud .March next vhen and where all persons having cJatm c-gains- the estate of the said Rich ard a. Echols, will be and appear with the evidence in support there of that the same mav be Ajudicated as the the Jaw directs. T. M. Y.4XCY. jdse lcyvellex. Atisust 10th 139. tf I l ilt: STATE OF M'liSiSSilTn Mars-hall couctv. .Thomas X. Cues & Wife, VS. - Caleb P. MvKee. la tms case tne t .aunm iav;::; ottax. iate of the defendant, which is t-ow r-.iE In this case the PlaintitT Laving cttj. in the circuit court of Marshall ccur.ty. No tice is hereby given that un!es ti e cefeivi ant shall appear, gie j:c;ai tad. a: i V-i within the time Lmiietl far hr aj jtrstracce. judgment will be ei tered, and the -i:e at tached will be soM. . J . C . A LD EXSON . Ci k . August 17th 131. 4t Printers rev 5 d !!arn. TTrLTsT A t. ut iTITrITl Marshall county. Lorenzo D. West. Vs?: Joel Raker. Ib this cae the Tlaintiti' hav.ne ' an attachment for the sum of N.n-ty rie d-.Hars beside cot-? jriinst the eate of the defendant, which b now pending in tlwr cir cuit Court ot MarjaU county. Nt?!.-- i hereby given, tha: u-res the d- f-ndni shall appear, give special bad, ani p'eai i:1 ;a tiie tiir.e limited for his appearance juJ-rnerit w ill be entered, and the estate attacLt J w ill August" 17th, 1S30. J. C. ALPEKSON.Cr 4t PrinVrs f--c 5 bVvlars. THE STATE LF M XZ :, ITT Marshall C'our.tv, Martin iJucks vs. Joel Daker In this case the piaii.t:3" hav.r: ottaceU an attachment for the sum cf 53 to beie costs against the estate of the defenicnt. which is now pending in the Circuit Court of Marshall co. Notice is hereby given, that un'ess th defendant shall appear, give sj'ecial bad, anJ plead within th time limited for his appear ance, judgment will be entered, and the es tate attached will be sold. J. C. ALDERSON, CTk. Aug. 17, 1S33. 4t Printers fee C. The State of Mississippi, Marshall Gour.tv. Zii Lte Cower vs. Wrn. Fu'gham In this case the pSaintitf havirs oLtalceJ an attachment for the sum of -S1S7 SO beikka costs, against the estate of the cefendist which is now pending in the Circuit Court cf Marshall co. Notice is hereby given that ua'ess I e de fendant shall appear, give special bal', ud plead w ihin the time limited for LLsarr3.r- ance, judgement wi!I be entered, aci te es tate attached will be sold- J. C. ALDESSON, Ci k. Aug. 17 1S39. 4: Printers fee -55. The Sta e of Mississippi Marshall Countv Ifm. H. Jenkins vs Allen A. Hooker In this case the p'aintitT having cl taiceJ an attpchit-ent for the sura of 15 be sides cosi, against the estate of the defen-iar.!. which is now pending in tLe Circu.t CVur: cf .Marshall co. Notice is herebv jriven that ui.!-s thed-:: a dant shall appear, give special tail and jread withm the time limited tor h-s arL- ranee- udgment wi 1 be entered sod the estate at tached will be sold. J. C. ALDEHSON CTk. Aug. 17, 1SG9. Printers fee SH'FF SALE. On monday the '6th, of Sept- neat I will sell to the highest lidder t'.r cash, at the court House door in the Town of Oi ford all the Right tit e, claim and interest that James L. Wnght has in and to a Steam Saw and Grbt Mills, a fine lot of saw loggs, also all hi right. :it:e, ciaLn and interest to two Lots o Land i. s: nated and Known in the riii of tr Town of Wyati, a Lots No 2- and '253, upon which said Mills are built a!i a framed Dwelling House, containing thir ty acres Levied on as the property of -aid Wright to satisfy sundry 6 Ias. to m directed from the Hen. Circuit court f Lafayette ccun'v, sle wiihin lawful .ours. C. G. BUTLER, k Oxford, Aug.S'id. 1S33. 1 rinter fee C d!lirs. iaen up by James Speed li nu.tr West of Hudsonviiie one Sorrel h re 9 years old 15 1-2 hands high, some saddle marks, si od all round appraised to $75. Also 1 Brown Bay hore 4 years old a Blemish over his Left Eye tar in hi lace 15 hands h'gh appraixed to SCO. Taken up by Abram Duncan 1 miles? N Kof Holly Springs 1 B cick mare Poney 8 or 9 ears old branded wiih Son the Right thigh Blaze lace; appraised to 25, AUo one Kcne coak 4 nuot.ths old B.axi face; Appraised to 10. Aug. 12, l&O G. W. GRAHAM, ra-gr.