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character the most delicate . and responsible.
The appointing power is evermore exposed to be led into error. With anxious solicitude to se lect the most trustworthy for official station, I cannot bo supposed to possess a personal know ledge of the qualifications of every applicant. I deem it therefore proper, in this most public manner, to invite, on the pait of the Senate, a just scrutiny into the character and pretensions of every person whom I may bring to their no tice in the regular form of a nomination for of - fee. Unless persons every way trustworthy are employed in the public service, corruption and irregularity will inevitably follow. 1 shall, with the greatest cheerfulness, acquiesce, in the decision ot mat body, and reizordinsit as wiserv constituted to aid the Executive de6artmpnt in the performance of this delicate dutv, I shall iook io us "consent ana aavice"as given only in furtherance of the best interests of the country. Tl.lt . I .-1 1 . . . j snail. aiso. at tne earnest nronpr nrmtinn in vue me auenuon oi congress to such measures as in my judgement will be best calculated to reguiaie ana control tne Executive power In re fcrence to this vitally important subiect. - I shall also, at the proper season, invite your attention to the statuary enactments for I he sup pression of the slave trade, which may require to be rendered more efficient in their provisions. Therels reason to believe that the traffic is on the increase. Whether such increase is to be ascribed to the abolition of slave labor in the British possessions in our vicinitv.andan atten dant diminution in the supply of those articles wmcn enter into the general consumntionof the world, thereby augmenting the demand from other qnarters, and thus calling for additional labor, it were needless to inquire. -The highest promptings of humanity, require a resort to the most vigorous enorts to suppress the trade. In conclusion, I beg to invite your particular attention to the interest of this District. Nor do 1 doubt that, in a liberal spirit of legislation, you will seek to advance its-commercial as well as us local mierests. bhould Congress deem it to be its duty to repeal the existing SuhTrpnsii rylaw, the necessity of providing a suitable place of deposit for the public moneys which may be required within tho District, must be ..it apparent to an. r I have felt it to be due to the country to rlre- rht or fu- Im ds. sed of ill l a le- as bte ct ys .he nsr to nts .ce nd :he till 10- n- 11S . w -iu3ti lane iuts uiifi i v n nfl. dressing you this Circular; in which I shall refer to some abuses, which seem to have crept into the Cotton trade, as it is now con ducted here. They are ; 1st. Such as grow out of the List system. 2nd. Overcharges for drayage, storage and Labor. By the List system, a factor will -sometimes sell from one thousand to five thou sand hales of Cotton Jat a round price, say nine cetns, and sit down in his office and fix arbitrarily the price to each man's lot. In this operation; 1 dont care how honest a fac tor may be, his judgement is so directly o- perated on by his interest, that it is scarcely in human nature to render strict justice in his classification. One man ships him one hundred bales of Cotton, and can probably influence three times as much to him. He never plagues him for advances of money, and is altogether a profitable customer. Ma ny of his other customers make smail crops, and perhaps are a little troublesome in the way o! asking advances, and are certainly not as desirable customers aj he who makes and controls the large crop. It follows, al most as a necessary consequence, that the large planter's crop will be put at the hWi est possible price, while the others willbe put at the lowest. Great injustice has fre quently been done in this way, even where the factor intended to act honestly, hisjude ment being swayed by his interest, without his being aware of it. ; In relation to over charges, it is the prac tice of many Cotton houses here to charge for drajage 10 cents, stontge 20, and labSr 10 or 6 cents a bale, making from 36 to 40 cents. Now, many of these houses pay nothing lor all this, and the highest that I have known the price for these services this season, is 15 cents, and that under a distinct contract with the press, that the cotton was to be kept acl hie time under cover ; it follows then, that those who make those charges, make clear from .25 to 40 cents a bale, besides their commissions. To illustrate this matter, and show its pro bable operations, the crop of this year-will prabably amouut to 1,000,000 bales, which must pass through the hands of the-cotton ftctors of New Orleans. I say a million of bales will probably be received here next year, because the receipts here for a vear preceding the 1st of October last, were9G9, 707 bales. Now suppose the overcharge on this 1, 000,000 of bales be only two bits a bale, it amounts on the whole to $250,000; but sup pose the overcharge to be 40 cents a bale, as is said to be the case with some houses here, it swells the amount up to $400,000, and this, in addition to their commissions, which wo ild be at least one dollar a bale, equal to $1,000.00(1 For myself, I think it woufb! be just as honest, to sell a man's cotton at 10 cents, and render him an account of sales at 9 cts., as to charge him with 25 or 40 cents a bale expenses on his cotton, that I had not paid; the principal is precisely the same, and the one is just as honest as the other. The only excuse that I have heard offered for these overcharges, is, that the Chamber of Com merce fixes the price for drayage, storage, &c. I admit . this ; and if the merchant ac tually paid these charges, he would be fairly entitled to charge it to the planter ; but I will venture to say, that there is no ordi nance of the Chamber of Commerce, that will authorize a cotton factor to charge to the owner, expenses on his cotton or other produce where the expense has not actually been incurred. His commissions on the sale are his legitimate compensation, and he is bound in my opinion, by every principle of honor and justice, to save his employer every possible expen e, and to do all lor him in the sale of his cotton, that he would do, if it were his own. Another "great evil exists in the cotton trade of this city, which arises, either from an absolute want of sufficient warehouse loom to protect all the cotton which is re ceived here, or, what I think may be quite as likely, from the fait, as I am told, that some houses here, consent that the press owner may store in his open yard, or in the streets, if he-will charge them no storage on it. In making a contract for the storage of my cotton in September last, the owner of the press told me, that if he kept it all the time under cover, he would charge me for drayage, storage and labor, fifteen cents a bale, but that if I would permit him to store it m his open yard, or in the streets, that he would doit for less, and that I could proba bly get it done for nothing : I preferred paying fifteen cents and having the .cotton kept undercover. From the 1st of January to the 20 1 h of February, we had several weeks of almost constant rain, during that time, there was piled up in the streets, and open yards, probably not less than 80,000 bales of cotton, much of which literally rot ted, and was damaged I have no doubt, to the anount of $500,000. This loss falls on the owner of the cotton, and the iniquity of the operation is, that he is paying storage on it all the time. This evil ought to be cor rected. I will only add further, that T h ed in Port Gibson, Mississippi, for the last W5,UC51 jcais, uiaiuunng nearly the whole of that time, I have been a shipper of cotton to New Orleons, my transactions 'in cot ton have been large; I have often been satis fied in my own mind, that I had rrrprit in justice done me, in the disposal of my cot- iuu Hue, uui i never investigated, the mat ter, or understood all the little, d of operations, until I came, here in Septem ber last to engage in the business myself. Should you or your friends entrust me with your business next season, I will endeavor to avoid the errors which I ha VP. PP nenrort in others. ResDectfulIv. 1 j v j T , B. HUGHES. New Orleans, May 20th, 1841 . T WENT Y-S EVENTH CONGR ESS riKsr SESSION. Wednesday, Junb 9, 1841. IN SENATE. REPEAL OF THE SUB-TREASURY. The Question havinff been taken nn th age of the bill, it was decided in the affirmative as follows: YEAS Messrs. Archer, Barrow, Bates, Byard, Berrien, Choate, Clay, of Kentucky, Clayton, Dixon. Evans, Graham, Henderson, Huntington, Kerr, Mangum, Merrick, Miller, Morehead, Phelps, Porter, Prentiss, Prestoi, Rives, Simmons, Smith, of Indiana, Southard Tadmidge, White Woo i bridge 29. ' NAYS Messrs. Allen, Benton, Calhoun, Clay, of Alabama, Fulton, King, McRoberts, Nicholson, Pierce, Sevier Smith, of Connecticut Sturgeon, Tappan, Walker, Williams, Woodburv Wright, Young 18. ' J And the Senate adjourned. In our report of yesterday's proceedings in the Senate we omitted to state th it Mr. Buck hanan, before voting for the repeal of the sub Treasury bill, stated in substance that he shoul voto for tins repeal solely in obedience to in. structionB from the Legislature of Pensylvania He expressed a strong and decided opinion in favor of tho Independant Treasury, and agai nst a national bank, and said that ho would most cherfully, not only resign his seat in the senate but abandon public life forever, if m; saenfice would preserve the one and prevent the ciuiuubamenio! me omer. - but he must, acord in. to his often avowed brineinli. U k0. i I - g T K3 Y or resign; and as the Independent Treasury would rr '" , " "J iai6 majority, witn or without his vote, he had determined tr ohv. a u-j done once before on a similar orra.mr, reserve himself for the question of a national bank, against which ho should able effort within his power. The Legislature of Pennsylvahia had,, not ventured to instruct him on this Question- If thev had. t,a i very well that he never would have obey ed such an instruction. National Inlclncerlig. j Mepublicaii Whi 7 ra crp f OK GOVENOR, DAVID O. SHATTUCrt, of Carroll, FOR CONGRESS, ADAM L. BINGAMAN of Adams, WILLIAM R HARLEY, of Marshall. FOR SECtETAriY OF STATE, LEWIS G. GaLLOWaY, of Holmes FOR AUDITOR OF PUBLIC ACCOUNTS, Dr. JAMES J. ALLEN, of hinds. For state Treasurer, WILLIAM G. CRAWLEY, of Perry For Attorney aenerel, ROBERT HUGHES, of Hinds. -We are authorized to announce JACOB THOMPSON, Esq, as a candi date for Congress, election to take place in November next. IdrWe are authorized to announce Dr. J. S. CURTIS, as a Candidate for State Treasurer. We are authorized to announce ATLASS J. DARGAN Esq. as a candi date for the lower branch of the State Legislature. Candidates for Sheriff. 0"We are authorized to announce Mr. WY ATT EPPS, as a Candidate for the Sheriffalty, of Marshall County Election to take place in November next. frWe are authorized to announce WASH INGTON G. L. MORRIS, as a Candidate for the Sheriffalty of Marshall County Election to take place in November next. JCfSAMUEL H. THOMAS presents himself befor e the Citizens of Marshall coun ty as a candidate to fill the office of Sheriff, at the next November Election. We are authorized to announce Col. HANNIBAL HARRIS, as a candidate for the Sheriff ally of Marshall County. Candidates for Ranger. 55 We are authored to announce Thomas A. Falconer, as a candidate for Ranger of Mar shall county. jWe are authorized to annouuee Maj. J. H. CUR RE Y, as a. Candidate Jot Ranger of Mar shall county Election in November next. Candidates for Tax Collector. fjWe 'are authorized to announce R. G KYLE, as a Candidate for Tax Collector, for Marshall county Election to take place in No vember next JjrWeare authorized to announce ROBERT J. HOLBROOK, as a candidate for Tax Collec tor of Marshall county. Election in November next. SjWe are authorized to announce PETER B JONES as a candidate for Tax Collector o' Marshall county Election to take place in No vember next. ' Candidates for County Treasurer. IWe are authorized to announce Ma. WOODSON PUCKETT, as a candidate for Treasurer of Marshall county Election to take place in November next. CHANCERY COURT AT BROWNS VILLE TENNESSEE J. & J. F. TRIPPE MAY Term Attachment 1841 vs Robert L. Scruggs & Clements, Jones, and Walker, This day came the Complainants by their Counsel and moved the Cou rt for an or der of publication against Defendent Robert L. Scruggs and it appearing to the satisfaction of the Court that the Defendant R. L. Scruggs is a non resident of the state of Tennessee as alledged in the Complainants Bill. It is therefore ordered by the court that fiublication be made in some newsprper pub ished in the town of Holly Springs in the state of Missississippi . for four successive weeks requiring said Robert L. Scruggs to enter his appearance herein on or before the next Term of this Court to be held on the second Monday in November next (1841) and plead, answer or demur to Coplainants, Bill or else the same will be taken for con fessed as to him and set for hearing ex par tee, as to him A Copy Test. SHEPARDM. ASHE . CLERK and Master Brief of the Bill The Bill states that Defendant Robert L. Scruggs was indebted to Complainants cn 23d January 1838 in the sum of 485 24 and is still indebted to them in that amount for which Complainant obtained a Judgment against said Defendant Scruggs on 23d January 1838 in the Circuit Court of Holms County M.ssissippi as also the further Sum of 817 cost of suit which Judgment has never been satisfied but is still in -full force That said defendant Scruggs has personal prop erty hi the hands of the said Defenda nt Clem ents Jones and Walker of Tiptcn County Tennessee and'that said defendants Clements Jones and Walker are indebted to said defen dant Scruggs, for money by them received for the use and benefit of said Scruggs - The xill prays for Writs of Attachment to attach said personal property and debts due to defendant Scruggs from defendants Clements Jones and Walker. And for writs of Subpoenn &c. J. P. CARUTHERS Sole , for Complainant!. Executors sale. BY order of the Probates Court of Lowndes County, Mi. . I will offer for sale to the high est bidder, on Thursday, the 29th day of July next, on a credit of twelve months, at the Court House door in Fanola County, the following de scribed lands, belonging to the estate of Thomas McGee, late of Lowndes County, deceased, viz: the N. E. 1-4 of section 12, the S. W. 1-4 of sec. 46 in Township 9 of Range 6 west, the S. W. 1-1 of sec. 5, and the N. W. 1-4 of 6ec. 18 Township 10 of Range 5 west. Also, on Monday, the 2nd day of August, at the Court House door, in. the Town of Ripley Tippah, the following described lands : the north half of section 33 in Township 5 of Range 13, the N. W. 1-4, of sec. 24 Townsnip 6 of Rrange 2 east, the . E. 1-4 of sec 3, 8. W. 1-4 sec. 4, and S.E. 1-4 of se.26 Township 4 of Range 4 cast. Good security will be requir ed of the purchaser. MICAJEH McGEE, Executor. June lOih, 1841. june!8 4t McCLINTOCK'S PAPILLARY LOTION, OR NIPPLE WASH. The severe suffering to which mothers are so frequently subjected in consequence ot excurh ted or sore nipples, has long demonstrated the ne cessity of a preparation adapted to the cure of this vexatious complaint Ten years experience and extensive use, has fully established its character as a pleasant and efficacious remedy. THOMAS McCLINTOCK. For sale at L.CCage & Co's Drug Store. Trust ale. NOTICE is hereby given that on Monday the 15th day of March 184 1 the undersigned will by virtue of a Deed of Trust executed to him by Wm. Kerr for the benefit of Henry Anderson, proceed to sell at the Court House in the Town of Holly Springs, in Marshall county, Miss, at public auction to the highest bidder lor cash, the following tract of Land, viz. sec. 18, in town 2, of range 2 west of the basis meredien, Chickasaw Surveys. Sale to take place at 12 o'clock, noon of said day; said Deed is recorded in the office of the Probate Court of Marshall county, and is dated 6th day of July, 1839. EDWARD ORNE, Dec. 1 1-38 tds Trnstee. THE SALE IS POSTPONED. .MAPS OF THE CHICKASAW CESSION. Tp. USHER'S Engraved Pocket maps of the J Chickasaw Cession, in the States of Mis sissippi and Alabama, laid off in Sectiens, Townships and Ranges, and showing the boun daries of the Counties, County Towns and also the water courses, roads, &c.t from actual sur vey, for sale at his office. Price 82. Oct. 2,-28 tf. gtTNTN LBS Bacon, just received on Hi Hi Ul consignment, & forsale cheap for cash, by H. H. PIPKIN, Holly Springs, May the 14th, 1841. Notice, TT) ERSUANT to a decree of the Honorable li the Superior Court of Chancery of the State of Mississippi, held at Oxford on the 22d day of April, 1841, I will offer for sale on Monday, the 2nd day - of August, 1841, at the Court House door in the town of Jacinto, Tishe mingo County, at public auction," to the highest bidder, on a credit of six months, the purchaser or purchasersjgiving bond with good and sufficient security, all the ri?ht title and i nterrst which John G. Harman has in and to the south-east and Bouth-west quarters of Section ' fourteen. Town three, Range seven east of the Basis Meridian of the Chickasaw Session, in the County of Tishem ingo and State of Mississippi, decreed to be sold to satisfy a lien on said land for the purchase Money thereof, in favor of Anderson & Orne. NATHANIEL PRICE, , . Commissioner. Holly Springs, June 4, 1841.- 9t. FTnXTT7 EXAMINATION of the young La j JLl Hi dies of the FE3ULE LSTI- TUTE of Holly Springs, will commence a; the Institute, on Thursday, 10th inst at 8 o'clock, A. M., and closexin Friday folio wiri? P. M. The friends of education are respectfully invited loauena. - ' - C. PARISH, Principal. P. S. The next session will commpnrf? nn the first Monday in July next. BATH HOUSE r A. WOODRUFF, would respectfully inform the Ladies of Hollv Snrinp-s. that hl Rth tr,.t. is in readmes?, with every thing for clean and Comiortaoie Datning. For a luxury so highly im portant to health, should not be neglected; he has thought proper to setaDart evprv P-irl,,,, accommodation, or any other day id the week ivuicu may sun lucir convenience. 10 3w. -nRA?nTIMESMlSSISSlP1i HOUSE. T30ARD per year. $150 00 -M- Man and IcrSP nprntr inx. Good fires good room good stables, &.c. Uemi)hi8jniiiT urn Dargan-& Walter ATTORNEYS AT LAW, , WILL practice in the 8tlr Jndicial District, ..we xijan ai:u l onioioc, tne ChancereyCourt at Oxford,the High Court of Errors 12nd Appals at Jackson, and the Federal court at Pontotoc. -.-.-' w. , Office at Holly Springs, Mississippi. xMILES COMPOUND EXTRACT OF TO MATO PILLS. A SUBSTITUTE FOR CALOMEL. For sale at L. Cage & Co's Drug Store,' Holly Springs. Sole a gents. A CARD tCtEORGE W" CHEATHAM and CRUS MAN have taken charge of yKUS MAN have taken charge of the t.ty Hotel, where they expect their friends, and respectfully invite the public to call. INashyille, April 1. 1841.-: 3m. ' ROBERT JOSSEaVTN, ATTORNEY AT LAW, T HOLLY SPRINGS, Mist. Jn.3, 1841. . .47 NOP COS o Job I? propose to run fh 1 p.. mile heats, Th Hn!6' trance, half forfei-t""te .D.l!S? btate thnt miw K 1 Iran J the subscribers, for coh 2d,XJOliN Spring of 1842, three or m?N 2 race Those wishing to suW .vard their subscription to (gk)h Circuit Court of Monroe deen, subscription to renvnn' 1st. day of September 1842 Cpea i; r 4T,: ib ,ns bT i -5- March the 25th, 1841 "tli OLDRIDGES RATMOWr FOR RESTOrZC& For sale at L. rso-a.t r-. J11- svWjs I m- e. II? 0 nn UKUlililSTS. HOLLY SPR NG AS he that thev ha.. h theStoreadJoinin .IE . , r,ouse- tori's.) fb-n have received, and will 1 ' hand, a large and complete snppT?JJi Median.es, Paints Oils, tuvierv.SmPical Instrument. la ICc ,n. '.ea: :0! I. Hi) Tt All of which they intend to sell forft other house m the South Po:. J. turn paid to the piepanng and pu Holly Springs, April, 1841. JUST RECEIVED, -t j- j nour, and for sale by H H pp KIN. Holly Spring's, Miss. $?fjS VALUABLE PL.IV.M .h J"TATIOronSAl.Ei'?! 5 rl i :..t In. ii 2 TI m OFFER my planta!i"or. fornkljis JJin Mai shall county, section 10,Tni shin 4. Ranre n. tun mil ,i.- from Holly Springs, with 200 acre? ofck ed land, in high state of improvem uoir j an RTrpllpnt ff-nrp with f1,-..,!,1 , 1 ! dwelling, with all necsstry out-hois-s, excellent well m the yard. Abo, GO or 7 head ofstock hogs. Apply to the unit r::n cd or to David Jones of Panota. JAS. COLBERT. Holly Spiings, Feb. 19, lHl-43-Gm la ii 1 ti is: STKAYS FOR 'O MARSHALL COCXTY. I Taken up N. H. Tanner, living in 11;! Springs, one Black Horse renewal years old branded on the shcuUvr writf Utter N.- Appraised to 20 Also One SofrtI Horse Mule, his 1 A Lind f ! twisted, about 4 years oM. Affray:; 825. April the 12th. 1841. Taken up by W. H. Durncs, living 3 1 miles East of 'Hudsonville, one Black as: V Ii. i " i its ! a f.e i i Mule, 4 years old 13 1-2 hands high- Ap praised to 830. March the 15th, IS4L1. I Taken ' up by Thos Bryant, living i lauaioosa, one oorrei norse, it -t high, 5 or 6 years old, some saddle spots q his back; star in his face, flax raane and ts left -hind-foot while. Appraised to U April the 24tb, IS41. Taken up by Robert B. Farrow, one B: Horse. 12 or 13 vears. 15 hands high, shes on, marked with gear and saddle. Af. praised to 830. May the 1st IS41. Taken up by Burtler E. Laul, living j miles North of Wyatt, on the stage road, erf Sorrel Mare, 10 years old, 14 1-2 bsM hicrh a small white snot in her hct A; o t praised to 827, 50. ALSO rt One Sorrel Stud Colt 2 years o'd. a r in his face. Appraised to 820. Marco 15th, 1841. 1 M I m..i.. .. t.. tu V P.irkcr.liTS miles North of Wyatt, on the stage roaaiej Brown ; .:.u :,ua Irft and an ssd n 1 i 111a.iK.c11 w iLU a ciup in iu bit in the riffht ear. ALSO ,,.1 One Red and Pided Steer, t crop 1. -in each ear, with a brass bell en."J Brown Steer, with a bald face, crop wp der bit in the right ear, and a crop loft. One Red and White Steer. a-j Cow. One Red Heifer. One W All marked with a crop, slit andcf,' the right ear. - One Red Steer, widt 4 and under-bit and half crop otfW Appraised to 8105. March the " May the 28th, 1841 VAu :" ! Tf " EROY'S PATENT KOA JJjBEMUGBANE. &Co.Pf:; For sale at U. vae l ,7f.g el Store, Holly Springs-Pe 1 r Tn the room fornier.y c?r C. Q i PAIR WW mm it! by Mr, FINLEY. Houj ... -, ,