Newspaper Page Text
half yearly, on the first day of January and
July in each year, during the operation o! this act, to such person or persons as the res nective Legislatures of the saiJ'States and I Cj Territoiies, or the Governors thereof in case the Legislatures shall have made no such appointments, shall authorize and direct to receive the same. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That any sum ol money which -at any time may become due and payable to any State of the Union, or to the District of Columbia, ly virtue of this rct, as the portion of thp aid Slate or District ol the proceeds of the salts of the public lands, shall be first applied to the payment of any debt, due and paya able from the said State or District, to the United States: Provided, That this shall not be construed to extend to the sums deposi ted with the States under the act of Congress of twenty-third June, eighteen hundred and "thirty-six, entitled 14 An act to regulate the deposites of the public money," nor to any sums apparently due to the United States as balances of debts growing out, of the transac tor of the Rt v. u ionaryvvar. Sec. 5. And br it further enacted, That this act shall continue and be in force until otherwise provided by law, unless the Uni ted States shall become involved in war with any foreign power, in which event. Irom the commencement of hostilities, this act shall be suspended during the continu ance of such war: Provided, nevertheless, That if, prior to the expiration of this act, any new State or States shall be admitted into the Union, there be assigned to such new State or States, the proportion of the pn ceed3 accruing after their admission into the Union, to which such State or States may be entitled, upon the principles of this act, together with what such State or States may be entitled toSbv virtue of compacts to be made on their admission into the Union. Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That less than one dollar and twenty-five per acre, until otherwise- authorized there shall be annuallv appropriated for com pleting the surveys of said lands a sum not less than one hundred and fifty thousand dollars: and the minimum price at which the public lands are now sold at private sale shall not be increased, unless Congress shall think proper to grant alternate sections a long the line of any canal or other internal improvement, and at the same time to in crease the minimum priae of the sections re served; and in case the same shall be increas ed by law, except as aforesaid, at any time during the operation of this act, then so much of this act as provides that the nett proceeds of the sales of the public lands shall be distributed among the several States shall, from and after the increase of the minimum price thereof, cease and become utterly null and of no effect, any thing in this act to the contrary notwithstanding: Provided, That if, at any time during the existence of this act, there shall be an imposition of duties on im ports inconsistent with the provisions of the act of March second, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three, entitled "An act to modify the act of the fourteenth July, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-two, and all other acts imposing duties on imports," and beyond the rate of duty fixed by that act, to wit, twenty per cent, on the value of such imports, or any of them, then the distribution provided in this act shall be sus pended, and shall so continue until this cause of its suspension shall be re.rovedjand when removed, if not prevented by other provis ions, of this act, such distribution shall be resumed. Sec. 7. ind be itjurther enacted, That the Secretary of the treasury may continue any land district in which is situated the seat of government of any one of the States, and may continue the land office in such district, notwithstanding the quantity of land unsold in such district may not amount to one hun dred thousand acres, when, in his opinion, such continuance may be required by public convenience, or m order to close the land system m such State at a convenient point, under the provisions of the act on that sub ject, approved twelfth June, one thousand eight hundred and forty. Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That there shall be granted to each State specified in the first section of this act five hundred thousand acres of land for purposes of intei nal improvement: Provided, That to each of the sa d States which has already received grants for said purposes there is he'reby gran ted no more than a quantitv of fond, which shall, together with the amount such State has already received as aforesaid. hundred thousand acres, the selections in all of the said States to be made within their lim.ts respectively in such manner as the le gislatures thereof shall direct; and located in parcels, conformably to sectional divisions and subdivisions of not lesi than three hun dred and twenty acresn one location, on any public land except such as is or mav be re served from sale by any law of Congress or proclamation of the President of the United State?, which said locations may be made at any time after the lauds of the United States in said States respectively shall have been surveyed, according to existing laws. And there shall be and hereby i granted, to each new State that shall hereafter be admitted in to tle Union, upon such admission, so much Jand as. including such quantity as mav have been granted to such State before its admis sion, and while under a territorial govern tneni, for purposes of internal improvement as aforesaid. shall make five hundred thous and acres of land, to be selected and located as aforesaid. Sec 9. And be it further enacted, That the Jands herein granted to the States above named shall not be disposed of at a price cents by a law. of. the United Slates; and the nett pro ceeds or the sales of the said lands shall be faithfully applied to objects of internal im provement within the States aforesaid resptc tively, namely: roads, railways, bri.lges, ca nals, and improvement of water course, and draining of swamps; and such roads, rail ways, canals, bridges and water courses, when made or rmproved. shall be fret for the Uansportation of the United States mail, and munitions of war, and for the passage of their troops, without the payment ot any toll whatever. Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That from and after the passage of this act, every person, being the head of a family, or wid ow or s'ngle man, over the age of twenty one years, and being a citizen of the United States, or having filed his declaration of in tention to become a citizen, as required by the naturalization laws, who, since the first day of June, A. D. eighteen hundred and for ty, has made, or shall hereafter make, a set tlement in person on the public lands to which the Indian title had been, at the time of such settlement, extinguished, and which has been, or shall have been surveyed prior thereto, and who shall inhabit and improve the same, and who has or shall erect a dwelling there on, shall be, and is hereby authorized to en ter with the register of the land office for the district in which such lai.d may lie, by' legal subdivisions, any number of acres not ex ceeding one hundred and sixty, or a quarter section of land, to include the residence of such claimant, upon paying to the United States the minimum price ol such land, sub ject, however, to the following limitations and exceptions. No person shall be entitled to more than one pre-emptive riiiht by vir- tue ot this act: no person who is the propri etor of three hundred and twenty acres of land in anv State or territory ot the United States, and no person who shall quit or aban don his residence on his own land to reside on the public land in the same State or ter ritory, shall acquire any right of pre-emption under this act no lands included in any res ervation, by any treaty, law or proclamation of the President of the United States, or re served for salines, or for other purposes; no lands reserved for the support of schools, nor the lands acquired by either ol the two last treaties with the Miami tribe of Indians, in the State of Indiana, or which may be ac quired by the tribe of Wyandot Iudians in ttie State of Ohio, or other Indian reserva tion, to which the title has been or may be Inn any mav extinguished by the United States at any time during the operation of this act; no sec tions of land reserved to the United States alternate to other sections granted to any of tne otates tor the construction of any canal, rail road or other public improvement; no sections or tractions ot sections included within the limits of any incorporated town; no portions of the public lands which have oeen selected as tne site tor a citv or town; no parcel or lot of land actually settled and occupied ior tne purposes ot trade and not agriculture; and no lands on which are situ ated any known salines or mines, shall be li able to entry under and bv virtue of the pro visions of this act. Aud so much of the pro viso of the act of twenty-second of June, eighteen hundred and thirty-eight, or any or der ot the 1'resident oLthe United States, as directs certain reservations to be made in favor of certain claims under the treaty of Dancing Rabbit creek be, and the same is hereby, lepealed: That such repeaUhall not aftect any title to any tract of land secured in virtue ol said treaty. Sec. 11. And be it further enacted. That when two or more persons shall have settled on the same quarter sectiou of land, the right of pre-emption shall be in him or her who made the first settlement, provided such per sens shall conform to the other provisions o this act; and all questions as to the right o pre-empUon arising between different set tiers shall be settled by the register and re ceiver ot the district within which the land is situated, subject to an appeal to and a re vision by the Secretary of the Treasurv o . T T 1 . " tne unitea states Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That prior to any entries being made under and by virtue ot the provisions of tins act, proof o the settlement and improvement thereby re quired shall be made to the satisfaction the register and receiver of the land district in which such lands may lie, agreeablv to such rules as shall be prescribed by the Sec retary of the Treasurv, who shall each be entitled to receive fifty cents from each ap phcant tor his services to be rendered as foresaid; and all assignments and transfer of the right hereby secured prior to the issu ingot the patent shall be null nnd void. Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, Tha L. C. t ' .. 1 1 -. ueiere any person claiming me oenent o this act shall be allowed to enter such lands he or she shall make oath before the receiver or register of the land district in which the land is situated (who are hereby authorized to administer the same) that he or she has nevr had the renefit of any right of pre emption undci this act; that he or she is not the owner of three hundred and twenty acies if !;iriit in Or Qfota r- Im-ritm rC f T: -.1 O. . " 1 . I i i ..ii iru oiaies, nor nam ne or sne sewed upon and improved said land to sell the same on speculation, but in good faith to appropriate it t his or her own exclusive use or benefit; and that he or she has notdirectly, or indi rectly, made any agreement or contract, in any way or manner, with any person or per sons whatsoever, bv which the title which he or she might acquire irom me ouc of the United States should inure, in whole or in part, to the benefit of any person except himself or herself; and it any person iaK..iji uch oath shall swear falsely in the premises, he or she shall be subject to all.the pams and nenalt ies of perjury, and shall forfeit the mo no v which he or she mav have paid for said d and all right and title to the same: anu urant or conveyance which nc " " have made, except in the hands of bona fide purchasers, for a valuable consineiaiwin, shall be null and void. And it shall bs the duty of the officer administering such oath, to file a certificate thereof in tne public land office of such district, and to transmit a du plicate ropy to the General Land Office, ei ther of which shall be good and sufficient ev idence that such oath was administered ac cording to law. r Sec. 14. And be it further enacted, That this act shall not delay the sale of any of the public lands of the United States beyond the time which has been, or may be, appointed bv the proclamation of the President, nor shall the provisions ol this act oe ayaiiauie to anv person or persons who shall fail to make the proof and payment, ana rue tne auiuuvn required before the day appointed for the rommencement of the sales as aforesaid. Sec. 15. And be it further enicled, That whenever anv person has settled or shall set tle and improve a tract of land, subject at he time of settlement to private entry, and shall Intend to purchase the same under the provisions of this act, such person shall in the first case, within three months after the of the same, and in the last within thirty davs next aftf r the date of such set tlement, file with the register of the proper) district a written statement describing the and settled upon, and declaring the intention of such peison to claim the same under the provisions ot this act; and shall, where sucn settlement is already made, within twelve months after the passage ol this act, and where it shall herea ter be made, within the i r. . I i . . C I . ..I -. . fame period alter me oaie oi sucn settlement make the proof, affidavit, and payment there in required; and ll he or she shall lail to hie such written statement as aforesaid, or shall ail to make such affidavit, proof and pay ment within the twelve months aioresaid, tlv tract of land so settled and improved shall be subject to the entry of any other purchaser. Sec. 16. And be it further enacted, That he two per cent, of the nett proceeds of the andssold,or that may hereafter be sold by the United States in the State of Mississippi, since the lirst day ot ueremoer, one tnous and eight hundred and seventeen, and by the act entitled "An act to enable the people of the western part of the Mississippi ternto-v to form a constitution and b'ate government, and for the admission of such State into the Union on an equal footing with the original States," and all acts supplemental thereto, reserved for the making of a road or roads feading to said State, be, and the same is hereby relinquished to the State of Mississip pi, payable in twro equal instalments; the first to be paid on the first of May, one thousand eigiit hundred and forty-two, and the other on the first of May, one thousand eight hun dred and forty three, so fai as the same may then have ace; ued, and quarterly as the same may accrue, after said period: Provided, J hat the legislature ot said otate shall pass an act, declaring their acceptance of said re linquishment in full of said lund, accrued and accruing, and also embracing a provision, to be unalterable without the consent of Con gress, that the whole of said two per cent fund shall be faithfully applied to the con struction of a rail road leading from Brandon in the State of Mississippi, to the eastern CONSERVATIVE. FOSTER & LEWIS, : Holly Splines, Slis., Oct. EDITORS WHIG CANDIDTES For the Senate, ALEXANDER B. LANE. the House op Representatives, For A. R. BRADFORD, WM. ARTHUR, II. O. G. H. ALLEN. YVY ATJT, Ajrain, Mr TurWr 3 OIttir fNtnin I n,. . . euusii-i voted against incorporu.; . , and Slate Line Kail r f"e l favor of imprisonment for.v i session of the .stale leeislata v i reducing sheriff's fees, therl l' ouicer io oaiten upon the m,v p,"f; debtor class. nfo- . '-i page oi. Maj. Martin's Letter. Tie have seen a letter written by Maj. Andrew L. Martin on the bond qnetion. What it was intended for, we believe has yet to be explained. Coming from the source it does, a person would be led to ex pect something new; but in this instance, major M. has rno-t certainly failed to come up to the expectation of his acquaintances. It has nei ther argument a3 a paper nor merit as a compo sition. We have a young lawyer in this place, we venture to assert, who has been at the bar but a few months, that can, in three hours, pre sent a document of more ability. It ts a miser able abortion, and shows more of a desire to please his friends than any thing else. Col. Risgimas. on Saturday last, made one of the most eloquent and effective speeches to ilie citizens of Marshall, we have" heard during 'he canva-s. un I uesuay last, ne started on a tour through the Chickasaw counties, and will return and conclude the canvass in De Soto. Col. H ablet is still confined to a sick bed. Our prospects are brightening; daily. V e shall carry the county by a majority of at least 250. TucLcr vs. IVorlh ITlisxiisipps, AXD THE FAIUIEUS. It sounds extr cmely well indeed : hear the an :i-bonuers prate about luxation, wucn tney arc uproarious and immoderate in tl.eir sjpport of Tilghman Tuckei, who introduced into the Lesialattire an amendment to levy a Tax of one dollar upon t very bale of Cotton produced in the State. Yes, Tilghman M. Tucker, the democratic candidate for Governor, endeavored to lax the staple commodity of our State, and now has the unparalleled effrontery to accuse the Whig par- d.esof this place, we undeJ ? V a challenge to the amies to meet S -F champions in discussion on V ,r!- and we are gratified to learn thate has been accepted and the comW. U Rare sport is expected. Two to ites and leaven to a committee of lie married nrW .n u... . demonstration that they are infaSe3fF": ion bonds," and most nf ih 1 ::; favor . and arp wmtinr. 6 . . iui an OpDO't '-:. . readers all the particu'ars. f J "" THE RACES, ... . i statics i,f Over t'ti week; i! narinrr for thp snnrts th, r o -r... i uc present 3- ot tue 1 ract, is a gentlemia worthy ronage of the friend of the Turf. P-UMAUKABLE, v " "" '' iat.-, i;i:ti every - lawysir in IWih Misissip;i. Mithas-V oeptuv), is in favor of the state maintai honor and crwYit. m r.,r, -1 . . i . t geut.cman is in hot putsuit ora seat ia the Sta'es Senate. Tha estimate he nW, , honety of the people of Mississippi,' P! io convince mem ot vvaat mitt-riaU he posed of. uqut. i ir boundary of said State, in the direction, as near as may be, of the towns of Selma, Ca haba and Montgomery, in the State of Ala bama. bee. li. And be it further enacted, That the two per cent, of the proceeds of the lands sol to ihe United Slates in the stale of Alabama since me nrst day ot beptember, one thousand eight nuuureu anu ninieen ana reservord by the act entitled "yln act to enable tho People, of the Alabama Territory to form a constitution and state government and for the admission of such state government, and for the admission of such state into the Union on an eoual footing with the original states, "for the ma'kin of a road or roads leading to the said state, be and the same is here re linquished to the said state of Alabama, paable in two equal instalments: the first to be paid on the first day of May, one thousand eight hundred and forty-two, and the other on the first day of May, one thousand eight hundred and forty-three, so far as the same has accrued, and quarterly, as the same may hereafter accrue: Provided, That the legislature of said state shall fiist pass an act declaring their acceptance of said relinquishment, and also embracing a pro vision, to be unalterable without the consent of congress, that the whole of said two per cent, fund shall be laithfully applied, under the direc tions of the legislature of Alabama, to the con nexion, by some means of internal improvement, of the navigible watersof the bay of Mobile with the Tennessee river, and to the construction of a continuous line of internal improvements from a point on the Chattahoochee river, oppo site west Point in Georgia, across the state of Alabama, m a direction to Jackson, in the state Of Mississippi, Approved, September 1, 1841. 1 PEttFUJIE, &. (QOLOXGE Water, Florida water. Macasor On, Bears Oil, -loilet soap, Shaving soap, Tooth Brushes, Pink saucers, Snuff boxes, Sil ver thimbles. Tooth powder, Indellible ink, iust received and for sale at L. CAGE & CO'S Drug store. ty of an attempt to bring about a Tax to date the .State Bonds. Now for proof: Pending the Revenue L'ill before the Senate, Feb. 1st, 1841, we find recorded oa the Journals of the Senate, page, 340, the following: "Mr Tucker oflerrcd the fo'Iuwin amendment thereto, to wit: "And to the end thereof, the words "on each an J every bale of cotton, one dollar." "And the question being taken there on, it was decided in the negative." Now Colonel John Ferdinand amtrommick Claiborne, bring out the Mullens Boys, who are so very expert at "shooting Uritisli Tax-C ec tors," and let them take a pop at 'Old Talabola' as most deserving of their hostility. Cu i erraps Squire Mullens is no cotton planter. Can Mr Tucker expect the Cotton planters of Mississippi to yield him their suppo:t, when he endeavored to impose a A Tax of One Dollar, upon the produce of their labor. Again on page 341-2. of Senate Journal, of the same session, we find the following: which shows another attempt on the part of Mr Tucker.! to Tax the People of the State "Mr Walton offered the following amendment, to wit: "Sec. fn addition to the YAK provided for in the first sectio t of this act, and under the same regulation, that an amount equal to the whole amount of the state tax for other pur poses, be assessed and collected for the purpose of discharging the liability of the state on account of the Planters bank bonds, lor any instalment that may fall due during the present year, and the semi annual interest which has fallen due and been paid by the Bank of the Uni ted States or the Planters' Bank rf Mississippi, or the semi annual divi dend of interest which may fall due the present year on the aforesaid Bank Bonds, and that the money so collect ed shall be pai i over into the state trea sury of the state , by the several tax collectors of this state, to constitute a fund for the aforesaid purpo es, and that the money shall be paid to those entitled to receive it, tnder the inspec tion of the Governor." "And the question being taken thereon, "It was decided in the negative by ayos and noes, to wit: . "Ayes Messrs. Alsbury, Bonney. Mar. shall, Ragsdale, Tucker and Walton 6." "Noes Mr President, Davidson, Duke, Fox, Gillela nd, Granberrv, Green, Hailev, Hill, Hughes, Humphreys, Ives, Kerr, Keirn, Leflore, Love, Matthews, Metlock, Miller Philips, Thomas, Waif and Watts 23." Whigs all voting against TAXATION." OCrWVj lad hoped that the people of V pi, had given the Iicos. to understand :L tiiiserahle h;imbug3 could be brooked cj ; but we see them occasionally pt'srin;!:. above tin whirlpool. If Mr Mauh his seat in the Legislature because t 11 ... i .u i ne cuuiu noi noia on in acccrian?e wishes of the people of Mirshu'l, witf pray, has he to suppose that thy now is services? What mutatioa ha public undergone since 1840, or whatchangsk over his dreams, and on what subject! I he hardihood and ignorance to predicate pects of success, upon the meanest of: bugs, started by an Irishman, wiih the ei .hit ?i m inriti. "Vi n ho lonnn Witiiflff tfl 9 state honor? sr.. NEWS OF THE DAY. The papers of ihe IVortti, aiaic dsigrr: paratious, are making for anotLer i:i: Canada: President Tyler has issued his f mation forwarning American citizens f: tcrniediing, &.c. The Whigs are again triumphant ia V. but not so lucky in Maine. Ex-secretary Bell, has cc roe outiaa corohornting Mr Ewing's, Mr Welhtu; mains in the Cabinet. From the south, wc learn the. yellow u still rnjring to an alarming extent in N leans and Vicksburg. 1 TENNESSEE LEGISLATURE Organized on the 4th inst. in the z Turnev of White, was elected to pre - that body, and Mr Douglass of Faye House. ClllTAHOMA, Oct. 9, 1-' Mr. Editor: On this day thecal for the legislature met at ChuJato dress the cilizens on the subjrcts My be likelv to come before 'he genea. bly, and regaled them with a sma.i t their oratorv. Tho l.ntp wns orened ly ir who made an argument against f of the bonds of the Union hank. i-5 arnortcfl tO was ueucr man c ..-r , , i : onrt wp rotiid but I till UII UJill 1UC, - r had a better side to argue. He wa.i bv Mr. Arthur, who met nients, and as he approached, it like forr before the rising sun. fullv wme up to the Fc!af r, friends; he is a clear headed man-J-his arguments-much animated i ing, at times quite eloquent. I" ' dersfelt the uoise of that . ; their whig frierHs, never "y;;, If l col. Mathews taKea ee how the thing stand.- j;ep Mr. Coopwuod nextaJdrej on the anti-bond side; but nw lh5j sor.hoD-fallen from the a u. 7. ,r . i i r.reeT.w " not produce a re-action d'Jb ' I iia pnn- Next rose the greal IW s o iirnoi i r iiiiii: imv t u . . n;n ..- thev naa I . o i T, of duu-i fit st r?nntfst: nnd tDC w b"? . . J Kof actually dreaded the col; the) n i he was a host; but, during tw argument, the col. appeared .c ( felt when I went to chooi yt .i whipp'1'! nnn as I was done to get a thA master and you know a 'fi.-Sm nAVr.nv his lesson Th'ould know it; and my dear m..