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i II fell w Wvn ; I j! i 0 itn. a i4i:.imii k, Bk Sl'KK VOU'kK l!K, T, TllfcN (.0 A M K. T." Crmhtlt. Proprietors. VOL L HDUSTO'fJ (DEIIIXiSll CDUnr MISSISSIPPI JULY 23, 11249. Claj and Benton. The signs of the times, every where er most imminent to the South: With cradml.but a steady progress the spirit of abolition is making lutal encroachments upon our rights and institutions. This has boon the case for a number of year, but of late, the tide of aggression has assembled a wider sweep, and a more destructive impetus. Formely, there were ma ny patriotic spirits at the North, w ho maintained the guaranties of the Constitution, and resisted the prag matical ami iniuuitcout eiTorts in in- tcrfereine in our affairs, and to brand and ostracise us in the councils of the Union. The Democratic party at the North, took this noble and fra ternal position, ami like a great mor al levee, kept in check the destruc tive elements that sought to inundate our portion of the confederacy. But the whig at the North gave aid. : comfort and encouragement to the . movements of the abolitionist, a:.d so fortified them, till they have be come the most powerful influence in that section of the Union, and are able to control and govern all the el ections: To save themselves from titter annihilation, the Democracy of the North have, of lain begun to vield to the necessities thus forced upon them, and, like the whigs, are in many places endeavoring to con -, . ciliatc the fanatical forces of Frec- soilism and Anti-Slavcrv. The strug gle now seems to be, as to which party shall bid Inchest for these zea lots, who hold the ballancc of power Henry Clay has always bi en known to entcrtiin scruples" upon the sub jret ofjlavtrv. He advocated its abolition in the Convention which formed lie constitution of Kentucky, many years ago. By Ins 'addresses and efforts in behalf of the Coloni zation Society, he kept olive the spir it ot mawkish philanthropy which was the seminal principle of aboli tion and identified himself with the opponents of our domestic institution.-'. His course in Congress was a constant effort to maintain middle ground upon this dangerous and ex citing question. Two years ago however, he fifst took an open and decided stand on the side of the en emies of slavery. Among the first of all our public men, he came out in the famous Lexington Kesnlutions, and his speech in their mpport, in opposition to the acquisition of any more slave territory. I his speech did more than anv thine, before or inre, to fan the flames of abolition. The acknowledged head of a powerful party the boasted '-Great hmbodi iiH'iit" of iis principles his name, his opinions, and his eloquence, had an irresistible influence upon count less thousands, and induced them to adopt dectrines most pernicious in principle, and destructive to the best interests of one half of the Union Himself a southern man, and ! .slaveholder he thus weakened our defences, and strengthened the power of our Assailants, loan inralcuabl degree. All the puritanic bigots of New England, and the boisterous political tricksters of the North, w ere encouraged and invigorated in their crusade against Southern institutions, when they saw the white plume of Jlairy ol Iho West thus wavemir majority of her people. His speech ' pool before January 1, 1810, and I little further. If the crop of last is marked by all the vindicitvt- were counted in Inst year's imports year reach 2 ,700 ,00 J balen, which netsond v!cor, and vanity, ol the 'a1'1' will, cuncrquently, not appear is scarcly probable, there is yet to man; and is tiled by doctms end ;" U1S fttrs imports, inn win dogmas most daletcrous, tnd dcs-,l've 1,21)0,000 tructivc. i ! rom January 1 to June The south can but mourn the de-j U lri're l,ave been received ffctioti olsuch a man, wh, once,at Liverpool the most powerful champioj of de- 1)03,000 moerary, has now like Itr, Clav, proved unfaithful to his early faith, ana become me aavocato o! ineas Leaving afloat and to arrive 322,000 Of the export to Great Britain from this country, the propotion that is about 7 percent, which of 322,000 would be, fay 22.000, and would leave as the quantity still on the way to Liverpool 300,000 Added to thestock held June 520,000 ures, which, in his better Jays, h Cops ,0 tht'r PorU ll,.an Liverpool would have scorned and detested. The course ol those two dntiguish ed statesmen, and the sencral move ments at the North to wljch they are lending their aid, bode nothing but injury and injustice to tin South. ve cannot now rely upon any gener al effort beyond our own Units, for the protection of our rights. ' A few noble spirits, such as the galaut and patriotic CASS, still prrve true Rupplj when present exports received, 626,000 The question now arises how much more will we send them from June 22 to November 17. The en- to us. notwithstanding our infra'.irude I tire stock in our seaports (excluding io nun out Devonu mem we enn; iiik; eini no unipnoiirii is oui hope for no aid or protection' 1 120,000 bales, and there ar 20 ships "In native swords and natieranks, h.adingfor Fraece and the. Continent The only hope of safety dwels " against 27 lor Great Britain, lhe tcrowm - eiuu is mi re ur lour wcrus later tlan usual, and we can count only oi a very moderate export of receive opto 1st September, OU.UUU bales; and of Cotton of the new crop, we may receivn at the Gulf ports up to November 10, and Atlantic ports .November 17, say 150,000 bales, making together, 2i0, 000 bales, and added to the prssent tock of 253,000 bales, would make 303,000 Of this we have given Great Britain 125.000 France cc Continent 40,000 lCi.OOO We oust present to the North, in i: and who arc urged on lv the same spirit or lanaticism which tit the fires , iroiiI 1 v in their van. r ii i i. i m at mnm.eiu, anu proouce in .n. a- Ru( chn,s 0llrse ,Jo( 0H,V (ia(, Sucre of St Barlholemcw s: 1 hi ill(lu,.nc0 in ,lie Free States-it whig appear to have somewhat the . luccd a 10r0 dmzi.tmi Inovc. advantage in this contest. They mcnt m ar flt home Kcnt(lck is , point to the memories of the past, as me if , M of lhe Soiitli a guarantees for the future, end, th ; frontic. stat mana hc rt;insof voices tuned by experience ngjpur 0, ,s. lk,re Mr. Slav's most success m.iv; me perns ... a,e , nn(J ttadlills nt 0nce took grateful to Arthur Tai.pan and the' . . ciirM -n. - rn, 1ir Well r.igh half the people of his State are now in favor of Emancipa tion, ard a convention is shortly to be held to alter their Constitution, so as toprov.de for the extinction of slave- Congress, a bold and iinilec f ont wu must convince them thtt tfie d optioii of their unjust anl rioslilj measures, w ill bo a positive; dissolu tion of the Union and tlnh if they still persevere in their d.sriictive course, upon them and tlsi-i posteri ty will rest the latal ronseqieices. Mobile , ii -. bieots of Boston. The Democrats on the other hand, have no achieve ments to show, but such as have al ways been denounced by the aboli tionists, and they can only hold out inducements based for the future. Such is not, howcv-l ' . , , .,,,. tUIUIIIIU IU " i. ... . i i.. t Liiai uic mus ueui inuuu iipiuci uic salety tnd permanence ol our tnstitu It is really al 111 n mnvmi'iift cr, tne case wan uie enure iemo cracyofthc North. Many of them are still true to their principles, and refuse to hold any alliance with the reckless incendiaries, who, by a prostration of the Constitution, would , . .1 . . I A M.... A I. , 1 1 U mvac e u.e soca, uanqu.i, y ';,, irr..si5tibl0 ,l0n anv 0 ,he Mis oo.in.ar.aaepnve our peop.e u.e.r,.. . Mf CIaV isdl)i Vl,ry nghts as American c,t,m.s thill,i t. his power" to produce this Still it must be confessed that the I 3 .,'., it;.,L,iv.,n. ! i:OHMIII MltHlC'll. ma n H ill ii, v tions. Let the tute ol lanaticism once b eak dow n the safe guards that now e:ist in Kentucky, and it w ill Icrtatea crttnsse more destructive doctrines of Frce-Soilism and Anti- leans Utter to a Lexington friend de. i'i ' i .1. .e. . -Mi-ii Slavery nuve, uuruic me uusi ycai , , , , ,. . ,,, , y, spread most fearfully ""longnll par- of QboHtion fVer iff iVib Ior li nnr nrf liepmn np J . ' . to preponderate over all other pol itical considerations. It is unfair to censure the Democrats of that sec- tion, for this for they alone have recommended in our country one that might free Kentucky from her slaves, but would pour them upon her mere Southern s.stors, to be Kept In r 1 1 this conduct, Mr. Clay has Je ! provet unfaithful to the section of the I itl fiil tot LTnion in whii.h he was born, and J has rased a paricidical hand against her mist vital interests besides dis honoriii? and defaming her character. Hp cm only receive the execra tion of every true-hearted son of the South, The course of Col. Benton is not so ohi.oxious as that of Mr. Clay. Until within a short time, he has nunc navuj. ,..... .,,, :.. ,) ,ro .food upat any time in defence of, 'T' .V " ' n our rights, or given any obstruction ' ' . V, ' rM " ' . to the career of our enemies. That thev now desert us, is owing fact that we have been unfditl ourselves tint one half of the Slave holding States, in the last Presiden tial election, cast their suffrages in opposition to the only candidate a Northern Democrat, too who was pledged to veto the Wilmot Proviso, and use the influence of the Presiden cy against Free Solisrn. But it is not our purpose, now, to allude to the general movements at the North, so much as to point to the course of two distinguished states men, who may be taken as indica tions of the direction of public opin ion. It is well known that Henry Clay and Thomas H. Benton have '. cently, lent the influence of their s-rnes, and their examples, to the ause of the enemies of the South. This is, by far the most startling and dangerous fact in recent pnhlic vents; for it shows, not onlvifie power which the abolition spirit has obtained, but that it has even made an inroad into the Slave holdm States themselves, and attracted from our ranks two of our ablest pol iticians, and most eloquent orators. We desire to say a few words as to the course of each of these gentlemen. TlioC otton Crop of JHlS-tt So much has been said concerning the over-production of Cotton, and so vivid have been the app nlrnsinns lhnt the rnnrkets of the wi ld would be glutted with the article that we trust we will be excused fi: devoting a portion of our space to n analysis of the present year's trat action in our great staple. If wha we may sav will throw any liitht i on a sub ject in which so many otir readers are interested, or lead tolny nselul result, we shall feel that t! room oc cupied has been benelicij disposed of. The probable extent o' the pres ent crop has been a suhjet of alarm from the commencement f the seas on, and a yield of 2.7(1000 bales was anticipated with gloifny lorebod ings by many, as calouUed to glut the market of the woild and effect an unprecedent depreciijon in val ue, The rxistence of rar on the continent of Europe, tie unsettled condition of France, ajd the block ade of the ports in the Jaltic, were expected to ncgravate (he evils ol this over-production, by paralyzing trade, and stopping till wheels of the consumers. In the struggle to escape from these impenl ng dangers merchants and planKrl began to press their cotton to mirlet, and to sell at any price mat uny could oo tain; and as their very eerness to sell rendered the manufmturers only the more indifferent ahott buying, it is not to be wondered at,' that prices should have 'alien to pouts ol ex treme depression, wheriin this pan ic of snuve qui p(ul, pricts had fallen to 5 a 5J for Fair cotton' in Charles ton, and corresponding rjteselswcre, the planters began to rtilect wheth er it might not be as prijlent to hold their cotton as part witl) it at prices wholly unremunerativil and with the very first indication kf this feel- new Cotton previous to the 10th and 1 i th o' November next, In onr opin ion 1"J5,000 bales id quite a large es timate lor the export to Liverpool for that period, which, added to b20, 000, will give as the supply of Amer ican Cotton in Liverpool from June 1 to January 1, 1830, 051,000 We will now consider her wants. There were taking at Liverpool l'r consumption from January 1 to 1st June, 2V. weeks, 5-10, 000 bales, and fur export dur ing the same period, tj!),000 bales, making 015,000 bales, or 2S.00() per week of Ameri can CotUn. In the same ra tio, the WHiits of the remain ing seven months, or 30 weeks will require S10.000 bales, which would leave as the stock on hand on 1st Jan uary next, 111,000 btles, against 235.000 bales on the 1 January, 1 S 10, and 215,000 on tip 1st January, IMS. It is admitted that circumstances may arise which may effect the cor rectness of this estimate. Adverse crises may ceme into play during the interval, arising Iro.n the dis tu bed condition ol European poll tice; or the prospect of thir pence nil settlement, the comparatively liL'ht stock, tnd the prospect of a materially diminished crop for the present year, may cause a material advance in prices, and check con sumption. But we wish to show and we think we have established thtt the crop of 2,700,000 bales has created no glu: in the market, even nnder the ptesure of a Luropean war, and that the present prices rtre too low in view of the relative supply and mand of the arti cle. ; II we turn out attention to our home manufatturers, we will find that they are h no better condition than those of Ureat Brittian, as the following exhhit wil show: lhe tottl stocks in all the seaports and inland toyns on the 1st Septem ber, 1S4S, vias - 172,000 And the recigts up to June 293,000 The consumptien of the U. States 17tk Novem ber, 2 1 weeks, at 11,01)0 per week ----- 221,000 Leaving, as the aggre gatestock in all the porta and inland towns of the United Statts on the 17th November next 67,000 bales, against 310,102 bales at the same period last year, and 203,8 16 bales in 1847. H our estimatts and calculations are correct, and ther is so small a quantity of the lust crop to be carri ed over to the next year s receipts, added to the stiong probability that there will be a liminished crop the present year, the producers and con sumers of cotton, ami all others inter ested, many be aided by them in making up their opinions as to its prospective value. Lat hour of i:. U. Dudley The Rev. Knos G. Dudley, who was hung at Haverhill, Mass., about two weeks since, for the murder of his wile, protested on the gallows his entire innocence of the charge brought agaigst him, also left w ith his counsel a number of letters and statements making equally strong protestations. The following extra ordinary letters arc among those that were written by him on the day that he was hung. Petersbunr Intel. given no mo or countenance io uic ; i" " '" "K"",u. enemies of the South. He has nev- and now, when all ihoscevils should er, as fair as we know, advocated : be upon us Irom which were try omanciiiation in any of the southern ! ing to escape by saci Uiciig our stap. Slates. But recently he has pursued le, there u an aosoiutd scarcity ol aline tf conduct which has grieved cotton in the country, and the prices . . . ... . . - r : . c i ' Ul I fill i.-t 4 . l et us examine what has become of the crop, estimated at 2, 700,000 bales, and the amount of stock which Liverpool, the grent Cotton mart, is likely to be burned with: Since the first of September last, 22,nre 2,633,000 2,807,000 Ex's. U G. Britain 1,450,000 Franco 337,000 Other ports 300,000 2.0S7 ,000 many 0. It is oldest ana warmest friends. i Instructed by the Legisla ture of Misouri, to vote against the prohibition of slavery in the new Territories, he refuses to obey and makes an appeal to tho people against those instructions. In a speech; lately delivered, he has come out in alvoency of the doctrins of the Wihuot Proviso, and the denuncia tion of liie further extension of slave ry. B so doing, he has taken ground against tho South, on that queston; and so powerful is his pop ularity in Missouri, that it is proba ble he will secure the support of a opto June 22, we have received 2, 63(1,000 bales, and of thin we have exported to Great Britain 1,450,000 From the Gulf ports between the 1st of September and 10 November and the Atlantic ports to 'the 17th November, w e export to Great Brit ain 160,000 bales, and we assume that those important reached Liver- 720,000 The stock regaining is In die seaports 130,000 ifew Yolk 84,000 Inland town 40,000251,000 Showing thatthere has been tak en lor domestic consumption, from Septmnber 1, 1843, to Julie 22, ISlt), making forty two weeks, ) 466,000 Thefe will bejwanted in the re mitting ten yeeke. at the same ra tio, To iiipply thi stock ol 214,1 115,000 there is an aggregate 10 bales in thn country, while there aje forty-live ships load- ng in the Suitheni ports alone lor England and'the Contenent. Bat let us jarry the calculation a II.U-KRIIH.L. May, 21 1310. Dtnr Iho. (- Sitter lloit: lam about to leave you. I rejoice that I feel within the fullest assur ence that I shall enjoy a fur more desirable state of existence. I feel as calm to day, and my mind as clear as when last you sav me at the school house, endeavoring to exhort my fellow men to seek an interest in that Savior, that I have found so pre cious to me during my soul-trying aflltctions. The same Gospel that 1 have preached I find sufficient for me in all my trials, notwithstanding their seventy, and I doubt not that the same will sustain mo untill death shall close tho terrific scene through which I am about to pass; yes! that same Jesus will go with and even bare mo safely across the vally of the shadow of death. The blessed pros pect that is before me sooths the roughness of the way. Bless God, 1 can say with Paul, T am ready to be offered.' I am glad my sorrows end so soon then I shall enjoy tho pres ence of Ilim that died to save us all and my dear companion before me. I have often wondered how the mar tyrs could stand in tho midst of the flames and shout praises to the Most High. It is no longer a wonder. 'Christ was within them, the hope of glory.' And though I must die by the gallows, yet I am confident it will be the pasport from this ungodly world to one of bliss and beauty. Jesus has promised to stand by, if we will put our trust in him. I have found it so thus far, and have no rea son to fear that his promijes will not all be lullilled. A little more than one year since, I was torn from my home, to which 1 had as good right as any earthly be ing has to his home, and by false accusation I was shut out of the pale ol society, and away lroin my chil dren, who are as dear to me as ever children were to father. Bv the cir culation of these false reports the public mind has been prejudiced to so great an extent that 1 am con detuned to die for that which I never did. Many of these reports were so completely false that they could not have been told but to tnjuro me des ignedlv, and at that tune it stired -bitter feelings within me, hut they are all gone now; 1 love them, and pray God they may prepare to meet their murdered subject at the Bar of Him that judgeth righteously. Thank God I am innocent of the crime for which I am condemned to die, and innocent shall I stand before that tribunal where conjecture and circum stances are not heard. But it is not so here, therefore must I leave you and by your request I leave in your care that little girl. In tears I give her to you, in all confidence that I leave her in the hands of those who will be parents to one whose father and mother can no longer guard her youthful years. Teach her to pray daily, and Oh, my God be with and bless you and her, and together save you in heaven. And now I bid you all faritcdl. Yours, in love, E. G. DUDLEY. Below is a copy of a note enclosed w ithin the above, and addressed to the little girl above mentioned. Haverhill, May 22, l'J IO. My Dear Datghltr Elizabeth; I can no longer be your Father, nor provide for your wants in childhood, nor protect you from surrounding dangers, therefore 1 have given you to your father and Mother lloit; they will be kind parents to you, and you must be a kind and dutiful child' to them; alw ays be obedient and good: love them, and improve your mind daily and read the Bible with great care you w ill there learn that God has said he will be a father to the fatherless; with Him your Mother now lives; and soon I shall live with him and her, where we shull die no more. Now, my dear, be a good child, and when you are in the field or in the house, ask God to bless you and save you iii Heaven to dwell w ith your parents. God loves little chil dren, and you must love Him aud ask Him to purify yur little heart and fit it for his kingdom. Always love the truth; be kind and loving to your playmates; 'Do to them as you would have them do to you. I should be glad to see you but I cannot; but if you area good, humble, little Chris tian, you will soon come to me, so I must commend you to God, 'praying you w ill evr trust in his grace and meet your parents in heaven. there will be no more parting. And now, my dear 1 must bid you farewell, until we meet in Heaven. This is from your poor dying Fa ther farewell. It makes my heart ache to part with you, but 0! do well and it will be well with you when you leave this world. May God be with you, and comfort you at all times, and sanctify this afflictive dis pensation to your spiritual good, and, the good of your brothers and sister, and filially may we all dwell togeth er at last at Christ's right hand. A Xohle Child. At one of the anniversaries of a Sabbath School in London, two lit tle girls presented themselves to re ceive a prize, one of whom had re cited one verse more than the other, both having learned several thous and verses of scripture. The gen tleman who presided inquired: "And coulded't you have learned one verse more and thus have kept up with Martha'''" 1 es, sir, the blushing girl replied; but I loved Martha, and kept back on pnrpose. "And was there anyone of all the verses you have learned,' aptiit in quired the President, "that taught you this lesson?" "I here was, sir, she answered, blushing still more deeply: "In honor preferring one another." Hard Hit. While Raphrcl was engaged in painting his celebrated frescoes, he was visited by two cardinals, who be gan to criticise his work, and found fault without understanding it. S&1 one: "The Apostle Paul has too red face," "He blushes even in heaven, said the indignant artist, "to see into the hands the church has fallen." Why is tho hub of a cart wheel like a handsome young lady. Beeause it is always surrounded by fellers.