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Southern patriot. (Houston, Chickasaw County, Miss.) 18??-18??, July 25, 1849, Image 1

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Proprietors.
VOL L
HDUSTO'fJ (DEIIIXiSll CDUnr MISSISSIPPI JULY 23, 11249.
Claj and Benton.
The signs of the times, every where
er most imminent to the South:
With cradml.but a steady progress
the spirit of abolition is making lutal
encroachments upon our rights and
institutions. This has boon the case
for a number of year, but of late, the
tide of aggression has assembled a
wider sweep, and a more destructive
impetus. Formely, there were ma
ny patriotic spirits at the North, w ho
maintained the guaranties of the
Constitution, and resisted the prag
matical ami iniuuitcout eiTorts in in-
tcrfereine in our affairs, and to brand
and ostracise us in the councils of
the Union. The Democratic party
at the North, took this noble and fra
ternal position, ami like a great mor
al levee, kept in check the destruc
tive elements that sought to inundate
our portion of the confederacy. But
the whig at the North gave aid.
: comfort and encouragement to the
. movements of the abolitionist, a:.d
so fortified them, till they have be
come the most powerful influence in
that section of the Union, and are
able to control and govern all the el
ections: To save themselves from
titter annihilation, the Democracy
of the North have, of lain begun to
vield to the necessities thus forced
upon them, and, like the whigs, are
in many places endeavoring to con -,
. ciliatc the fanatical forces of Frec-
soilism and Anti-Slavcrv. The strug
gle now seems to be, as to which
party shall bid Inchest for these zea
lots, who hold the ballancc of power
Henry Clay has always bi en known
to entcrtiin scruples" upon the sub
jret ofjlavtrv. He advocated its
abolition in the Convention which
formed lie constitution of Kentucky,
many years ago. By Ins 'addresses
and efforts in behalf of the Coloni
zation Society, he kept olive the spir
it ot mawkish philanthropy which
was the seminal principle of aboli
tion and identified himself with
the opponents of our domestic institution.-'.
His course in Congress was
a constant effort to maintain middle
ground upon this dangerous and ex
citing question. Two years ago
however, he fifst took an open and
decided stand on the side of the en
emies of slavery. Among the first
of all our public men, he came out in
the famous Lexington Kesnlutions,
and his speech in their mpport, in
opposition to the acquisition of any
more slave territory. I his speech
did more than anv thine, before or
inre, to fan the flames of abolition.
The acknowledged head of a powerful
party the boasted '-Great hmbodi
iiH'iit" of iis principles his name,
his opinions, and his eloquence, had
an irresistible influence upon count
less thousands, and induced them to
adopt dectrines most pernicious in
principle, and destructive to the best
interests of one half of the Union
Himself a southern man, and !
.slaveholder he thus weakened our
defences, and strengthened the power
of our Assailants, loan inralcuabl
degree. All the puritanic bigots of
New England, and the boisterous
political tricksters of the North, w ere
encouraged and invigorated in their
crusade against Southern institutions,
when they saw the white plume of
Jlairy ol Iho West thus wavemir
majority of her people. His speech ' pool before January 1, 1810, and I little further. If the crop of last
is marked by all the vindicitvt- were counted in Inst year's imports year reach 2 ,700 ,00 J balen, which
netsond v!cor, and vanity, ol the 'a1'1' will, cuncrquently, not appear is scarcly probable, there is yet to
man; and is tiled by doctms end ;" U1S fttrs imports, inn win
dogmas most daletcrous, tnd dcs-,l've 1,21)0,000
tructivc. i ! rom January 1 to June
The south can but mourn the de-j U lri're l,ave been received
ffctioti olsuch a man, wh, once,at Liverpool
the most powerful champioj of de-
1)03,000
moerary, has now like Itr, Clav,
proved unfaithful to his early faith,
ana become me aavocato o! ineas
Leaving afloat and to arrive 322,000
Of the export to Great Britain
from this country, the propotion that
is about 7 percent, which of 322,000
would be, fay 22.000, and would
leave as the quantity still on the way
to Liverpool 300,000
Added to thestock held June 520,000
ures, which, in his better Jays, h Cops ,0 tht'r PorU ll,.an Liverpool
would have scorned and detested.
The course ol those two dntiguish
ed statesmen, and the sencral move
ments at the North to wljch they
are lending their aid, bode nothing
but injury and injustice to tin South.
ve cannot now rely upon any gener
al effort beyond our own Units, for
the protection of our rights. ' A few
noble spirits, such as the galaut and
patriotic CASS, still prrve true
Rupplj when present exports
received, 626,000
The question now arises how
much more will we send them from
June 22 to November 17. The en-
to us. notwithstanding our infra'.irude I tire stock in our seaports (excluding
io nun out Devonu mem we enn; iiik; eini no unipnoiirii is oui
hope for no aid or protection' 1 120,000 bales, and there ar 20 ships
"In native swords and natieranks, h.adingfor Fraece and the. Continent
The only hope of safety dwels " against 27 lor Great Britain, lhe
tcrowm - eiuu is mi re ur lour wcrus
later tlan usual, and we can count
only oi a very moderate export of
receive opto 1st September, OU.UUU
bales; and of Cotton of the new crop,
we may receivn at the Gulf ports up
to November 10, and Atlantic ports
.November 17, say 150,000 bales,
making together, 2i0, 000 bales, and
added to the prssent tock of 253,000
bales, would make 303,000
Of this we have given Great
Britain 125.000
France cc Continent 40,000 lCi.OOO
We oust present to the North, in i:
and who arc urged on lv the same
spirit or lanaticism which tit the fires , iroiiI 1 v in their van.
r ii i i. i m
at mnm.eiu, anu proouce in .n. a- Ru( chn,s 0llrse ,Jo( 0H,V (ia(,
Sucre of St Barlholemcw s: 1 hi ill(lu,.nc0 in ,lie Free States-it
whig appear to have somewhat the . luccd a 10r0 dmzi.tmi Inovc.
advantage in this contest. They mcnt m ar flt home Kcnt(lck is
, point to the memories of the past, as me if , M of lhe Soiitli a
guarantees for the future, end, th ; frontic. stat mana hc rt;insof
voices tuned by experience ngjpur 0, ,s. lk,re Mr. Slav's
most success m.iv; me perns ... a,e , nn(J ttadlills nt 0nce took
grateful to Arthur Tai.pan and the' . . ciirM -n. - rn, 1ir
Well r.igh half the people of his
State are now in favor of Emancipa
tion, ard a convention is shortly to be
held to alter their Constitution, so as
toprov.de for the extinction of slave-
Congress, a bold and iinilec f ont
wu must convince them thtt tfie d
optioii of their unjust anl rioslilj
measures, w ill bo a positive; dissolu
tion of the Union and tlnh if they
still persevere in their d.sriictive
course, upon them and tlsi-i posteri
ty will rest the latal ronseqieices.
Mobile
, ii -.
bieots of Boston. The Democrats
on the other hand, have no achieve
ments to show, but such as have al
ways been denounced by the aboli
tionists, and they can only hold out
inducements based
for the future. Such is not, howcv-l ' . , , .,,,.
tUIUIIIIU IU
" i. ... . i i.. t
Liiai uic mus ueui inuuu iipiuci uic
salety tnd permanence ol our tnstitu
It is really al
111 n mnvmi'iift
cr, tne case wan uie enure iemo
cracyofthc North. Many of them
are still true to their principles, and
refuse to hold any alliance with the
reckless incendiaries, who, by a
prostration of the Constitution, would ,
. .1 . . I A M.... A I. , 1 1 U
mvac e u.e soca, uanqu.i, y ';,, irr..si5tibl0 ,l0n anv 0 ,he Mis
oo.in.ar.aaepnve our peop.e u.e.r,.. . Mf CIaV isdl)i Vl,ry
nghts as American c,t,m.s thill,i t. his power" to produce this
Still it must be confessed that the I 3 .,'., it;.,L,iv.,n.
! i:OHMIII MltHlC'll. ma n H ill ii, v
tions. Let the tute ol lanaticism
once b eak dow n the safe guards that
now e:ist in Kentucky, and it w ill
Icrtatea crttnsse more destructive
doctrines of Frce-Soilism and Anti-
leans Utter to a Lexington friend de.
i'i ' i .1. .e. . -Mi-ii
Slavery nuve, uuruic me uusi ycai , , , , ,. . ,,, , y,
spread most fearfully ""longnll par- of QboHtion fVer
iff iVib Ior li nnr nrf liepmn np J . ' .
to preponderate over all other pol
itical considerations. It is unfair to
censure the Democrats of that sec-
tion, for this for they alone have
recommended in our country one
that might free Kentucky from her
slaves, but would pour them upon
her mere Southern s.stors, to be Kept
In r 1 1 this conduct, Mr. Clay has
Je ! provet unfaithful to the section of the I
itl fiil tot LTnion in whii.h he was born, and J
has rased a paricidical hand against
her mist vital interests besides dis
honoriii? and defaming her character.
Hp cm only receive the execra
tion of every true-hearted son of the
South,
The course of Col. Benton is not
so ohi.oxious as that of Mr. Clay.
Until within a short time, he has
nunc navuj. ,..... .,,, :.. ,) ,ro
.food upat any time in defence of, 'T' .V " ' n
our rights, or given any obstruction ' ' . V, ' rM " ' .
to the career of our enemies. That
thev now desert us, is owing
fact that we have been unfditl
ourselves tint one half of the Slave
holding States, in the last Presiden
tial election, cast their suffrages in
opposition to the only candidate a
Northern Democrat, too who was
pledged to veto the Wilmot Proviso,
and use the influence of the Presiden
cy against Free Solisrn.
But it is not our purpose, now, to
allude to the general movements at
the North, so much as to point to
the course of two distinguished states
men, who may be taken as indica
tions of the direction of public opin
ion. It is well known that Henry
Clay and Thomas H. Benton have
'. cently, lent the influence of their
s-rnes, and their examples, to the
ause of the enemies of the South.
This is, by far the most startling and
dangerous fact in recent pnhlic
vents; for it shows, not onlvifie
power which the abolition spirit has
obtained, but that it has even made
an inroad into the Slave holdm
States themselves, and attracted
from our ranks two of our ablest pol
iticians, and most eloquent orators.
We desire to say a few words as to
the course of each of these gentlemen.
TlioC otton Crop of JHlS-tt
So much has been said concerning
the over-production of Cotton, and so
vivid have been the app nlrnsinns
lhnt the rnnrkets of the wi ld would
be glutted with the article that we
trust we will be excused fi: devoting
a portion of our space to n analysis
of the present year's trat action in
our great staple. If wha we may
sav will throw any liitht i on a sub
ject in which so many otir readers
are interested, or lead tolny nselul
result, we shall feel that t! room oc
cupied has been benelicij disposed
of.
The probable extent o' the pres
ent crop has been a suhjet of alarm
from the commencement f the seas
on, and a yield of 2.7(1000 bales
was anticipated with gloifny lorebod
ings by many, as calouUed to glut
the market of the woild and effect
an unprecedent depreciijon in val
ue, The rxistence of rar on the
continent of Europe, tie unsettled
condition of France, ajd the block
ade of the ports in the Jaltic, were
expected to ncgravate (he evils ol
this over-production, by paralyzing
trade, and stopping till wheels of
the consumers. In the struggle to
escape from these impenl ng dangers
merchants and planKrl began to
press their cotton to mirlet, and to
sell at any price mat uny could oo
tain; and as their very eerness to
sell rendered the manufmturers only
the more indifferent ahott buying, it
is not to be wondered at,' that prices
should have 'alien to pouts ol ex
treme depression, wheriin this pan
ic of snuve qui p(ul, pricts had fallen
to 5 a 5J for Fair cotton' in Charles
ton, and corresponding rjteselswcre,
the planters began to rtilect wheth
er it might not be as prijlent to hold
their cotton as part witl) it at prices
wholly unremunerativil and with
the very first indication kf this feel-
new Cotton previous to the 10th and
1 i th o' November next, In onr opin
ion 1"J5,000 bales id quite a large es
timate lor the export to Liverpool
for that period, which, added to b20,
000, will give as the supply of Amer
ican Cotton in Liverpool from June 1
to January 1, 1830, 051,000
We will now consider
her wants.
There were taking at Liverpool
l'r consumption from January
1 to 1st June, 2V. weeks, 5-10,
000 bales, and fur export dur
ing the same period, tj!),000
bales, making 015,000 bales,
or 2S.00() per week of Ameri
can CotUn. In the same ra
tio, the WHiits of the remain
ing seven months, or 30 weeks
will require S10.000
bales, which would leave as
the stock on hand on 1st Jan
uary next, 111,000
btles, against 235.000 bales on the
1 January, 1 S 10, and 215,000 on
tip 1st January, IMS.
It is admitted that circumstances
may arise which may effect the cor
rectness of this estimate. Adverse
crises may ceme into play during
the interval, arising Iro.n the dis
tu bed condition ol European poll
tice; or the prospect of thir pence
nil settlement, the comparatively
liL'ht stock, tnd the prospect of a
materially diminished crop for the
present year, may cause a material
advance in prices, and check con
sumption. But we wish to show
and we think we have established
thtt the crop of 2,700,000 bales has
created no glu: in the market, even
nnder the ptesure of a Luropean
war, and that the present prices
rtre too low in view of the relative
supply and mand of the arti
cle. ;
II we turn out attention to our
home manufatturers, we will find
that they are h no better condition
than those of Ureat Brittian, as the
following exhhit wil show:
lhe tottl stocks in all the seaports
and inland toyns on the 1st Septem
ber, 1S4S, vias - 172,000
And the recigts up to June
293,000
The consumptien of the
U. States 17tk Novem
ber, 2 1 weeks, at 11,01)0
per week ----- 221,000
Leaving, as the aggre
gatestock in all the porta
and inland towns of the
United Statts on the
17th November next 67,000
bales, against 310,102 bales at the
same period last year, and 203,8 16
bales in 1847.
H our estimatts and calculations
are correct, and ther is so small a
quantity of the lust crop to be carri
ed over to the next year s receipts,
added to the stiong probability that
there will be a liminished crop the
present year, the producers and con
sumers of cotton, ami all others inter
ested, many be aided by them in
making up their opinions as to its
prospective value.
Lat hour of i:. U. Dudley
The Rev. Knos G. Dudley, who
was hung at Haverhill, Mass., about
two weeks since, for the murder of
his wile, protested on the gallows his
entire innocence of the charge
brought agaigst him, also left w ith
his counsel a number of letters and
statements making equally strong
protestations. The following extra
ordinary letters arc among those that
were written by him on the day that
he was hung. Petersbunr Intel.
given no mo or countenance io uic ; i" " '" "K"",u.
enemies of the South. He has nev- and now, when all ihoscevils should
er, as fair as we know, advocated : be upon us Irom which were try
omanciiiation in any of the southern ! ing to escape by saci Uiciig our stap.
Slates. But recently he has pursued le, there u an aosoiutd scarcity ol
aline tf conduct which has grieved cotton in the country, and the prices
. . . ... . . - r : . c i '
Ul I fill i.-t 4 .
l et us examine what has become
of the crop, estimated at 2, 700,000
bales, and the amount of stock
which Liverpool, the grent Cotton
mart, is likely to be burned with:
Since the first of September last,
22,nre
2,633,000
2,807,000
Ex's. U G. Britain 1,450,000
Franco 337,000
Other ports 300,000 2.0S7 ,000
many 0. It is oldest ana warmest
friends. i Instructed by the Legisla
ture of Misouri, to vote against the
prohibition of slavery in the new
Territories, he refuses to obey and
makes an appeal to tho people
against those instructions. In a
speech; lately delivered, he has come
out in alvoency of the doctrins of the
Wihuot Proviso, and the denuncia
tion of liie further extension of slave
ry. B so doing, he has taken
ground against tho South, on that
queston; and so powerful is his pop
ularity in Missouri, that it is proba
ble he will secure the support of a
opto June 22, we have received 2,
63(1,000 bales, and of thin we have
exported to Great Britain 1,450,000
From the Gulf ports between the
1st of September and 10 November
and the Atlantic ports to 'the 17th
November, w e export to Great Brit
ain 160,000 bales, and we assume
that those important reached Liver-
720,000
The stock regaining is
In die seaports 130,000
ifew Yolk 84,000
Inland town 40,000251,000
Showing thatthere has been tak
en lor domestic consumption,
from Septmnber 1, 1843, to
Julie 22, ISlt), making forty
two weeks, ) 466,000
Thefe will bejwanted in the re
mitting ten yeeke. at the same ra
tio,
To iiipply thi
stock ol 214,1
115,000
there is an aggregate
10 bales in thn country,
while there aje forty-live ships load-
ng in the Suitheni ports alone lor
England and'the Contenent.
Bat let us jarry the calculation a
II.U-KRIIH.L. May, 21 1310.
Dtnr Iho. (- Sitter lloit:
lam about to leave you. I rejoice
that I feel within the fullest assur
ence that I shall enjoy a fur more
desirable state of existence. I feel
as calm to day, and my mind as clear
as when last you sav me at the
school house, endeavoring to exhort
my fellow men to seek an interest in
that Savior, that I have found so pre
cious to me during my soul-trying
aflltctions. The same Gospel that 1
have preached I find sufficient for me
in all my trials, notwithstanding their
seventy, and I doubt not that the
same will sustain mo untill death
shall close tho terrific scene through
which I am about to pass; yes! that
same Jesus will go with and even
bare mo safely across the vally of the
shadow of death. The blessed pros
pect that is before me sooths the
roughness of the way. Bless God, 1
can say with Paul, T am ready to be
offered.' I am glad my sorrows end
so soon then I shall enjoy tho pres
ence of Ilim that died to save us all
and my dear companion before me.
I have often wondered how the mar
tyrs could stand in tho midst of the
flames and shout praises to the Most
High. It is no longer a wonder.
'Christ was within them, the hope of
glory.' And though I must die by
the gallows, yet I am confident it
will be the pasport from this ungodly
world to one of bliss and beauty.
Jesus has promised to stand by, if
we will put our trust in him. I have
found it so thus far, and have no rea
son to fear that his promijes will not
all be lullilled.
A little more than one year since,
I was torn from my home, to which
1 had as good right as any earthly be
ing has to his home, and by false
accusation I was shut out of the pale
ol society, and away lroin my chil
dren, who are as dear to me as ever
children were to father. Bv the cir
culation of these false reports the
public mind has been prejudiced to
so great an extent that 1 am con
detuned to die for that which I never
did. Many of these reports were so
completely false that they could not
have been told but to tnjuro me des
ignedlv, and at that tune it stired -bitter
feelings within me, hut they
are all gone now; 1 love them, and
pray God they may prepare to meet
their murdered subject at the Bar of
Him that judgeth righteously. Thank
God I am innocent of the crime for
which I am condemned to die, and
innocent shall I stand before that
tribunal where conjecture and circum
stances are not heard. But it is not
so here, therefore must I leave you
and by your request I leave in your
care that little girl. In tears I give
her to you, in all confidence that I
leave her in the hands of those who
will be parents to one whose father
and mother can no longer guard her
youthful years. Teach her to pray
daily, and Oh, my God be with and
bless you and her, and together save
you in heaven.
And now I bid you all faritcdl.
Yours, in love,
E. G. DUDLEY.
Below is a copy of a note enclosed
w ithin the above, and addressed to
the little girl above mentioned.
Haverhill, May 22, l'J IO.
My Dear Datghltr Elizabeth;
I can no longer be your Father, nor
provide for your wants in childhood,
nor protect you from surrounding
dangers, therefore 1 have given you
to your father and Mother lloit; they
will be kind parents to you, and you
must be a kind and dutiful child' to
them; alw ays be obedient and good:
love them, and improve your mind
daily and read the Bible with great
care you w ill there learn that God
has said he will be a father to the
fatherless; with Him your Mother
now lives; and soon I shall live with
him and her, where we shull die no
more. Now, my dear, be a good
child, and when you are in the field
or in the house, ask God to bless you
and save you iii Heaven to dwell w ith
your parents. God loves little chil
dren, and you must love Him aud
ask Him to purify yur little heart and
fit it for his kingdom. Always love
the truth; be kind and loving to your
playmates; 'Do to them as you would
have them do to you. I should be
glad to see you but I cannot; but if
you area good, humble, little Chris
tian, you will soon come to me, so I
must commend you to God, 'praying
you w ill evr trust in his grace and
meet your parents in heaven. there
will be no more parting.
And now, my dear 1 must bid you
farewell, until we meet in Heaven.
This is from your poor dying Fa
ther farewell. It makes my heart
ache to part with you, but 0! do well
and it will be well with you when
you leave this world. May God be
with you, and comfort you at all
times, and sanctify this afflictive dis
pensation to your spiritual good, and,
the good of your brothers and sister,
and filially may we all dwell togeth
er at last at Christ's right hand.
A Xohle Child.
At one of the anniversaries of a
Sabbath School in London, two lit
tle girls presented themselves to re
ceive a prize, one of whom had re
cited one verse more than the other,
both having learned several thous
and verses of scripture. The gen
tleman who presided inquired:
"And coulded't you have learned
one verse more and thus have kept
up with Martha'''"
1 es, sir, the blushing girl replied;
but I loved Martha, and kept back
on pnrpose.
"And was there anyone of all the
verses you have learned,' aptiit in
quired the President, "that taught
you this lesson?"
"I here was, sir, she answered,
blushing still more deeply: "In honor
preferring one another."
Hard Hit.
While Raphrcl was engaged in
painting his celebrated frescoes, he
was visited by two cardinals, who be
gan to criticise his work, and found
fault without understanding it. S&1
one:
"The Apostle Paul has too red face,"
"He blushes even in heaven, said
the indignant artist, "to see into the
hands the church has fallen."
Why is tho hub of a cart wheel like
a handsome young lady. Beeause it
is always surrounded by fellers.

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