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&t}e 3uka Reporter,
Published Evsry Thursday, IVKA, - - • MI88 The pesky litt’e moth costs the Unite States Government §30,000 per year, and is then uht ad much of the time. Washington is said to be more infested with this insect than any other town in in the land. From January to July, 1S88, twenty thiee letter carriers, live clerks, three postmasters ami three mail agents went wrong and were arrested. In no case was the sum of money over $100, and in gome it was only $5. It is strange how cheap some men hold themselves. A writer in the Briti-i/i .1/ dicttl Journa seeks to explain the causes of longevity. He points out that it "is very desirable to have what quietness is possible during brain-work, and the necessity for proper ventilation as a means of maintaining mental energy is well known. It might lessen brain-wear in many otliccs il elec tric lighting was substituted for gas il lumination. Good digestion is essential to continued work with good lasting power. I ate rising and a hurried break fast, a still more hurried luncheon and rush back to work, followed, at the con elusion of the day, by a heavy meal whet the man is wearied, otten tend to ex haustion, ns much as the unavoidablr pressure of the business. A more ra tional refreshment after heavy brain-work is to partake of light refreshment and 'hen rest half an hour before dinner thus the power of digestion and socia enjoyment are restored to the man. Prob ably the chief means of preparing a mar to withstand the wear of business life i< hy a carefnl training, both physical and mental, before he enters upon the strug trie and wear of Vnisinr»<5« On* nuioni of increasing the chances of longevity ii by training the child wisely. Many i premature breakdown of health is due tc i hat want of preliminary exercise, whicl would not be neglected by the athlete without disaster.’’ American Wars. Since Columbus first discovered this country, ;5i)0 years ago, sixteen war have raged in what are now the l nitet Mates or been waged by this Govern inent. They were the Hutch war o H'.i , King Phillip’s war eif 1(177, Kinjc ■William’s war of 1880, (.,-ueen Annc’i war of lilii, the French and Indian w r, 1777; the devolution. i7. i; tho lnd an war, 17s 0; tho Baibary war, 1-03; the Tecumseh war, 1811; the war of 18.2; the war on the Algerian pirates in 1817, the first Seminolu war in isl ,the.-econc Seminole war in 18* , the Biack Hawk war of 1B«,2, the Mex can, ls4o, and the Civil war, 18(11. T he duration and cost of the four great wars were; hevolutionary, seven years, $ HI■>, 10,,500; 181 , two and a half years, $101,179,0 .0; Mexican, two years, v■ U-, <100,000, and the Civil war, four year*, over | ,000,000,000, or a tntal cost of neatly three and a half billion. In the Revolutionary war the number ef Ame. can troops engaged was 231,791, and in the Civil war the (Northern soldiers num bered --*,0*8, >23. There have been al=o so-tailed re bellious or attempts to ever.hrow the (Government. The first was in I 82, when some officers of the iedoral army tried to consolidate the thirteen Matte into one and confer supreme power on Washington. Tho secoad was in 1(87, cahed ‘‘ohay’s Insuirection,” in Massachusetts. The tfa.ii<1 was in 1894, populurly called -‘The Whisky Insur rection of Pennsylvania.” The fourth instance was iu lc.14, by the Hartford Convention Federalists. The fifth, on which o, cosiou tho different sections of the l niou came iuto collison, was in le2(J, under the administration of Presi <1onf \Iiinrnn nml nii/nirviu) an 4l\n tion of the admission of Missouri into <he I'nion. The sixth was a collision between the Legislature of Georgia and the Federal Government in regard to certain lands given by the latter to the Greek Indians. The seventh was in 1 HsMi with the Cherokees in Georgia. The eighth was the memorable nullifying ordinance of Kouth Carolina in IK.i-. The ninth was in ip43, and occurred in lthode Island between ttie buff-rage As sociation and the State authorities. The tenth was in 1BV, on the ugt et the Mormons, who resisted the Wtleral au thority.—Detroit Free Fries. A Code of Barber’s Ethics. One of the most interesting things which the German papers have been writ ing about lately is the establishment of a code of barbers' ethics. It appear* that some time ago a call was issued for a Congress of Barbers to assemble at Berlin. Four hundred of them responded uQd there was an interesting meeting which lasted three days. When they adjourned they had formulated a code of trade ethics, which is well worth the j attention of their American brethren. Here are some of the new regulations: Tn future the operation of shaving must invariably be began on the left cheek, and the old style over there of applying the lather to the face with the hand must be stopped and brushes used for that purpose. No barber will be per mitted to remain a member of the asso ciation who persists in holding a customer by the nose while shaving him. To their everlasting credit be it recorded that a majority of the Congress decided that in so fur as talking to customers was concerned a great reform was neces rary, therefore they decreed that the barbers should confine themselves to the careful (having or hair cuttiug of thefr patrons and not allow their tongues to , ramble during the operation over the domain of politics, commerce and . philosophy, literature and the arts. Still j the Congress has left a loophole for es- t cape, upce on motion of a Hamburg t barber it was resolved that an observa t ion on the weather by way of greeting • or farewell wouiiLiMt imperil siPartist’s j standing in the asn>ciHtioiiaw-iVeu> York | i ilritif i FALLING LEAVES. j “One by one they fall and fade, Some in the tunthine, gome in the shade, Somg in the bright and glowing noon, Some ’ntath thg cold and quiet moon. One whiileth here, one fnlleth there, Till the ground ie covered, the bough iebare; So every field and path receives These fading, falling, dying leaves. “One by one we fall and fade. Some in the guuHhino, gome in the shade. Some in the bright, unclouded light, Some in the cold and quiet night. One mourneth here, one parteth there, Till the goul ig weary, the heart is bare; So every field and path receives, These fading hearts, these dying leaves.” The Postmaster’s Story. BREATHED mor. freely after it wa over. It was i temptation resister —but I felt bette after having done it As I was assorting the letters prepare torv to putting then in the mail bag fo New York, one let ter turned up am sent a jealous shod tbrougn mo tba sent my heart throb bing and my brail swimming with a sudden dizziness. I might have expected to have seen i . there, but not the less did it affect m. when I did see it—“Joseph Norris, In dia Dock, New York”—that was the art dress—an 111 new that it was his. had a rlear little note in that same hand writing next to my heart then—a fee graceful words thanking mo for a bool I hail sent her—a little note that I hat read over countless times, and kissed i often, wondering would it displease he to know how fondly I cherished it. thrust the hateful letter out of my sigh and leaning my head on the table, liver O'er again the hopes, the fears, tin wretohedness of the last twenty-fou: hours. ucaj ucivnc, niimt 'UMUUUUII}' UK mail matter, I came across a letter ad dressed to myself, and on opening it learned that through the generosity of i distnnt relative, whose name I bore, ! had been left in California an inlieritanci , of 820,000. What a ohange a few strokei of a pen had made—transforming Kar Bergmann, postmaster of a secludei Eastern village, nto Karl Bergmann tin possessor of a competence, well invested yielding a certain income ! And liov before my good fortune I had though of Annie Merrill as one separated frou me by my poor circumstances, my salary barely supporting my mother and my self, and how could I ask any wornau tc share my poverty. Now that border of poverty was most unexpectedly lifter from me, I felt at liberty to tell her tin hopes I never dared lo entertain till now What would her answer be? That 1 would learn that rery night. In tin same marl with my letter was one ad dressed to her, postmarked New York, Her correspondence nil passed through my hands, but I had nevor seen that writing before. That w.is no wealc, wavering, feminine style. It was large, clear, decisive, t e writing of a self possessed mau. Who could the writer be i Annies uncle, Hr. Merrill, had mate correspondents in New York. But this letter was the fust that lmd come tc her since sire oame orphaned from the great city a year before, and had bemi receiv'd into her uucle’s heart and home. But other thoughts put the question ol the letter out of my mind. I sent by a messenger a few hurried lines to my mother to prepare her for our good for tune, and then counted the hours Ural would pass before I could offer my in heritance to Annie encumbered with its possessor. When I reached home I found her there before me. My mother who had taken her into her favor from the first, her sweetness and orphaned situation proving a passport to her heart, had sent for Annie to communicate the good news to her. Sire was strangely qui’t I thought, and there was a troubled look in her blue eyes I never saw there before. In fact, after awhile a subdued fanlinrr ofrilA nvnw no <>11 A .3~ quiet seemed to impart itself to us. ( was thinking how I could venture to tell her all my hopes, and my mother, guess ing what my thoughts were, left us to eether most of the evening, but my eart failed me. It was only when 1 was walking home with Aunio to Dr. Mer rill's that I found courage to speak. She led me on by saying tlint I must not think from her silence that she did not rejoice in the happy change in my pros pects, but no one could be more sincere m her congratulations than herself. I answered that n y goo 1 fortune would be valueless to me unless i could sbare it with the girl I loved. “The girl you love?” she repeated, quest ioningly. I felt her hand tremble on my arm. “The girl I love,” I answered," in toues thnt she might have interpreted, but failed to do so. “She ought to be a happy woman.” she continued. “ May I usk if I know her?" “ If yon know her ! I cried. “ If you know her ! O. who i ould she be but you t" “ Me ?” She drew her hand quickly away from my arm and stood quite still before me. “ Me ! O, did you say me i" And then I saw the moonlight falling on lier face, and it was not the face of a girl shining with happy confusion when she hears the story of his love from the man whom she prefers. It was pule and shooked, nnd then she hid it from mo in her hands and burst into tears. I needed no other answer. 1 knew my j suit was hopeless. “ Don't cry, dear 1” said I, “ I never ! thought to wound you.” “ I thought you knew,” she went on, lobbingly, “ I thought my uncle might \ lave told you. I am to marry Mr. Nor is. I got a letter from him to-day. O! :hii you forgive me?” She stretched out her little hands ira iloringly. I took them m mine, and I ;issed them—they were sacred to me ; hey belonged to auother, and I kisso.l I hem while my heart was breaking. “Forgive you I my darling !” 1 said, i I would forgive you if you killed me, 1 j , link. Don’t grieve, Annie, I wi 1 try 1 , • bear it.” ,, We parted at her uncle's witliSt an-1 other word, and 1 went homeA the | motherly heart that 1 knew wotJKntier ! with me, but whose tender sympathy would uphold nm in this hour of bitter trial. The next day I sent o(T my resignation to Washington, tor my mother and I j agreed to leave the village where we had passed so many quiet years. It was in ! the afternoon of iho Riiine day that the letter of which 1 had spoken, that 1 now knew was for my rival, attracted my at tention. I took it up reluctantly—1 felt i I would ns r« adily have touched a poi sonous snake—and was just about to put the postmavk on when I saw that the stamp upon it, instead of being a postal one, was a revenue stamp, and that tho letter, instead of speeding off on wings of love to New York, must he consigned to the dead letter office in Washington. With a thrill of savage delight I Hung it into the box appropriated to the recep tion of such casta" ays aud went on with my evening’s work. With that work I 1 went on mechanically, but my thoughts ' were not agreeably employed. That [ then was the answer to the missive whi li she had received. Hut itshouhl Joe long before he would get it—get it too late J perhaps for an explanation; for misun • j derstandiugs between lovers had often arisen from a slighter cause than the ‘ ; non-arrival of an expected letter. I 1 pictured him waiting and longing for ' the letter that would not come, ami she, [ poor girl, how her tender heart would ‘ i lie tortured liy his imagined neglect “j when no answer would be forthcoming. ' ! She, I knew, would snfferin silence, and 1 I fondly hoped that he would do the some. So I locked the mail bag and ' waited for the messenger to carry it to 1 tile station. The express would pass in an hour and a half. And then a strug ; gle began in my heart. The mis-staiuped , ietter seemed to look reproachfully at ' i me from the box into which 1 had thrown ' it, and seemed to whisper to mo that one • little act of mine could send it unim ; pede t on its mission. ' No one, I believe, unless ho was in my situation, actuated by the same de ; spairing, selfishly hopeful feelings that ' were overmastering me, could under stand what a base impulse I conquered J when at last, after on hour’s temptation, I took that letter from its resting place, substituted a postage stnmn for the rev untie one, opened the mail bag and let it ; j go. Then after it was done some hot tears rushed to my eyes. It was my last 1 hope, and I could not help indulging some weakness over its grave. 1 The next mail from New York arrived | three day nfter. I had the poor satis faction of seeing the results of my good action in a letter in the handwriting of 1 my rival, addresseil to Annie, making its unwished for appearance, as I knew it would, and shortly after I r. Merrill took it away with him as ho called for his mail. Loungers came in and out of the office and went away finding me little disposed for conversation. Nothing yet was known in the village of my requisi tion, so I was spared the pain of listen iug to congratulations that I was in no 1 mood to hear. When I went home that evening 1 was surprised to find my mother absent, and still more surprised when on opening a note she had left for me, I learned that she was with Annie at l>r. Merrill’s, and that I was to fol low her there. Hopeless as I felt, the prospects of seeing Annie again promised me only a painful pleasure, but still the thought of being near her had a sweet and sad fasoination that I could not re sist. When I reached the doctor’s I found himself and my mother seated in his office, so intent on the moves of a knight’s gambit, that a mere nod on my entrance showed their consciousness of my arrival. Annie was not there ; I found her in the parlor standing upon the hearth rug, the glow of the firelight ! i shining on her golden hair and a glow of eager, happy expectation in her look that was new to her sweet face. “ I am so glad to see yon,” she said, giving me her hand. “ I have been im patient for your coming—and I will tell I you why. There is a question I want you to answer. It perplexes me, and ! somehow I think I can look to you for i s solution. You rememl»er a letter I received iu the early part of the week ?" She hesitated and east down her eyes. “I have too good a reason ever to'for get it,” I answered bitterly. I saw her face Hush. She went on. “I answered that letter the next day. It was of vital importance to me that it should go then as there would bo no other mail for several days. I was i troubled when I wrote it, ami stamped it at my uncle’s desk while the messen- | ger was waiting to take it to the office. I found, too late, that I had mis-stamped it. I hat e been utterly wrotohed for the past few days on account of that mis take. I knew too well what the fate of my letter would be. Judge then how relieved I felt when my unule brought me this taking from the mantelpiece the letter that had come that morning. “If it escaped your keen observation how did my letter pass the eyes of the New York officials undetected i This is my question.” Her eyes searched my face. I t aik her hands in my own. “Annie,” said I, “ I believe I could make no one understand what it cost my jealous heart to rectify that mistake, but : I did it. I knew it must be an answer 1 to that letter that you spoke of a few i nights ago. It ought to prove to you ' how unselfishly I loved you, my darling, I when I restamped it and sent it on its ] ivay to him. I never thought you would < and it out. I did it to spureyou a mo- 1 Kent’s uneasiness. If the ninuyou love i :ares for you as much as I do, he will nake your life a happy one.” “How can I repay your generosity ?” t ihe said with a voice tremulous with feel- 1 ng. “You could not have acted better ‘ f you had a peep at the contents of that; t letter. Hut your reward may bo claimed when you read this.” She handed me the letter and glided mt of the room. I took it over to the shaded lamp and read the following; "Dear Annie—When beside your father’s dying bed we entered into an engagement of marriage; I felt as he did that the interests of the firm of which he and I were partners would he best sus tained by our union. I wrote to you notifying you of rey readiness to fulfill my pare of the engagement, and request ing you t > be ready to return with me on Saturday as my wife. You say to me that I must not come. There is but one explanation in this refusal, and that is that you have seen some one who pleases you better than your humble servant. It is but, natural, child ; I cannot blame you. The young should mate with the young, and I am too much your senior to expect to awake in your youthful heart feelings that have long been life less in niv own. I release you from n promise that I am now aware was made by you under the pressure of the tad circumstances, lint this fact can never effect the fatherly regard I have ever entertained for the only child of my dear old friend.” I read no further. Hero was my re ward. And how nearly I had lost it by the desire of gratifying an ungenerous , impulse. Annie lias since assured me ! that had Joseph Norris arrived on the day designated, so great was her awe of her father's old partner, that she never would have had the courage to contend against her destiny. Indeed, tho cir | cn instance of having nrnde the error she did in mis stamping the letter, seemed to her troubled mind significant of a deep meaning, and that even beyond the grave of her father sought to control her ! actions. Annie did not return to the parlor. I i found her seated in the doctor’s office apparently interested in the game which I just at the moment of my entrance he j brought to a victorious conclusion. I “Cheek-” “Mate,” I cried, finishing tho word for him, and catching Annie in my arms, heedless of the astonishment of the el i derly pair, I demanded my reward. Well, Joseph Norris, grey-haired,com mon-place and undemonstrative, came to Greeuwell to other nuptials than his own. lie gave away my dear ono with ; the best of grace, and after the marriage congratulated me on my admission into the firm. My ignorance of liis meaning w s so apparent, that with a grim smile lie enlightened me. With my bride I acquired the half interest in an East India firm in New York and Calcutta. If Anuie had chosen to appee? as an or phan, dependent on the bounty of her J uncle, she had the after satisfaction of knowing that the love sho won was offered to her alone, and not to the golden store that attracts so many suitors. “ My dearest, ” I sometimes say to her, “who would think that in a great meas ure we owe our happiness to a little post age stump ?” Fresh Water Mariners. The number of sailors who ship from Chicago annually iscstimated at not less than 20,000. This includes captaius, mates, firemen, engineers, cooks, deck bauds, and seamen. It is curious to know that more than three-fourths of these sailors are Scandinavians. A Swedish lake captain, whose weather beaten face gave evidence that his life had been spent on the deck of a vessel, explained why it was that there were so many of his countrymen leading sea faring lives. “We are a nation of sailors,” said he, “because in Norway aud Sweden there is not much else to do. There is but lit tle agriculture in our country and the whole male population becomes sailors or fishermen. Uoys go to sea at the age of twelve years and are sailors all tlieir lives. I myself shipped as a cook at twelve years of age aud for forty yenrs have been riding on the water. Another reason why so many sailors in America are Scandinavians is because young men ship before the mast in order to reach the United States, when they do not have money to pay their way. On the voyage they get a good idea of the work and then take it up as a trade. I think it is generally conceded that Scandina vians make better sailors than any other unuuuuuty, uecause tney are less ad dicted to drink aud are more peaceable on shipboard. In the Norwegian mer chant marine a boy gets $1 a month, and when he is strong enough to go before the mast as an ordinary seaman liis pay is raised to $? a month. There is but one other promotion, and that is to able seamanship, when he gets $10 a month without variation. Of course tliore is always the position of mate to look for ward to, but then every sailor cannot be the mate of a vessel. "—Chicago Aictots. Caii Animals Count 1 Houzeau do la Haie, tells of a pelican living in a fisherman s family at Santo Domingo that was fed upon the refuse of the fish-denning. Looking for its food, it went to the shore evory day and waited lor the boats to come back. The fishermen rested on Sunday, and the bird acquired so clear a notion of the re turn of that day, when it hud to fast, that it would not stir from the tree on which it was accustomed to spend its time. It is not necessary to suppose that the pelican had learned to count the six days at tho end of which its mas ters would not go fishing; hut, while it really estimated daily the time when it must make its excursion to tho shore, it was informed of the return of Sunday by observation of w hat was going on in the house, as, for instance, by the fish ermen putting on their Sunday clothes; in the same way as the dog knew when its master was going to hunt by seoing aim with his gun and game-bag. "in such instances, animals show that they have .he faoulty of associating ideas, of ob terving consecutive facts, and establish ng a correlative connection between hem—things which have been proved iy abundance of other evidence, and vliich demonstrate not less intelligence hau acquaintance with the ton signs ex losing the first ten numbers, or the use if a system of numeration te express wge numbers.—Popular Science Month '/■__ Thb ancients generally maintained hat there was a close connection between iees and the soul. Porphyry speaks of 'those souls which the aucients oalled j ees." j THE HORSESHOE SUPERSTITION. Tho Custom of Nailin'; Olio Over Tho Door for Good Luck. The custom of nailing a horseshoe over tho iloor of a house or other build* iug as a protection against evil spirits and an assurance of good luck is widely spread over England and tho United States, it also lingors among all the Teutonia and Scandinavian races, and flourishes apace in Hindustan. The horseshoo unites witiiin itself three lucky elements—it is crescent shaped, it is a portion of a horse, and it is made of iron. Popular superstition lias long endowed iron with protecting powers. Such powers attached in some degrees to most metals, lint since, in most countries, iron has been the metal latesl worked, it naturally inherited the virtues of the others. The Homans drove nails into the walls of cottages as an antidote to tho plague. When Arabs in the lies ert are overtaken by a simoom, they seek to propitiate the .linns, who have raised it, by crying, “Iron! Iron!” The Scandinavian exercises tho Neokan oj river spirits with an open knife in the bottom of his boat, or a nail set in e reed, singing: Neckan, Neckan, nail in water! 'the Virgin Marv eastern steel in water! Do yon sink. 1 flit. Celtic, Finnish and Welsh supersti tions agree that iron is a guard againsl witchcraft. It has always been held a gooel omen to And old iron, anti as horse shoes are the readiest form in which old iron could be found, it is naturally the form to which the remnant of the super stition has longer clung. Horses, iu the proper mythology ol England, were looked upon ns luck bringers. In Yorkshire it is still thought that diseases may be cured by burying a horse alive. A horse’s hoof placed uuder an invalid's bed is a speoitio for many complaints in rural districts, “In Ireland,” Camden says, “when a horse dies his feet and legs arc hungup in the house, and even the hoofs are sacred.” On account of its form there is nc doubt that tho nnnlitios nnoiontlv nn. eribed to the crescent have been trans ferred to the horseshoe. The crescent, like the horseshoe, is semi-circular and presents two points. From the earliest ! antiquity ornaments shaped in this way liavo been popular as preservative! against danger, and especially against evil spirits. Hudibrns embalms tliii ancient superstition in the couplet: Chase evil spirits away by dint Of sickle, lair eslioe ami hollow flint. And Herrick, in his “Hesperides,’ says : Hang up bn -ks and shears to scar© j Hence tin- haj; tlia*. rides the mare. ! All these have this curved or forked shape, terminating in two points. Th< : seal of Solomon, infelieitoiraly stylet the peutacle, was supposed to have great power, and it consisted of tw< triangles, piesenting six forks, lnltaly and Spain the evil eye is averted by ex tending the forefinger and little fingei forward like a pair of horns, the twe middle fingers being bent down undei the thumb. flhe Chinese have then tombs built ip a semi-circular form, like a horseshoe, and the Moors are also wont to liso it in their architecture. The fact that the nimbus or halo which in old pictures surrounds the heads oi saints and angels hears a rude resem blance to a horseshoe is no doubt one ol the many accidental coincidences that | have srengthened this popular supersti j tion. j The belief in the horseshoe attained I its greatest diffusion at the end of the I last Century and the beginning of this. I Aubrey, in his “Miscellanies," tells us that in his time most houses in the west end of Loudon had a horseshoe nailed I over the threshold. In 1813 Sir Henry I Ellis counted 17 horseshoes in Mou i mouth street, but in 1841 ouly five or : six remained. Lord Nelson nailed a horseshoe to the mast of the Victory, j and “Lucky L>r. James” attributed the ! success of his fever powders to the find ing of a horseshoe, which symbol he adopted as a crest for his carriage.—Ht. Louis Globe-Democrat. Proper Mode of Electrical Executions. Frederick Peterson, J. Mount Bleyor, Frank H. Ingram and K. Ogden Doro mus, the committee appointed for the purpose, have reported to the Medieo Legal .Society, of New York, upon the proper method of executing criminals by eleotrieity. The method recom mended is to bind the oriminal in a strong chair having attached to its back j a sort of helmot to hold the head secure ly. '1 he immersion of the bodv in a large quanity of water to act as one pole, runs the report, or the placing of large metal plates upon any part of the body should be put entirely out of con sideration. Metal directly in contact with the skin during the passage of an electric current burns nnd is liable to produce larcerations. The electrodes should bo of metal, not over one inch in diameter, somewhat ovoidal in shape and covered with a thick layer of sponge or chamois skin. (>no el. otrorl* should be so inserted into the back of fha chair that it will impinge upon Ihe i , jie be tween the shoulders, and f, other should be so joined to the hel t as to press firmly upon the top of t head. The poles and the skin and ho - at tho points of contact should be th roughly wet with warm water. The haie should be out short. A dynamo generating an electro motive force of at least 8000 volts should be employed. Either a continu ous or au alternating current may be used, but preferably the latter. 'The current should bo allowed to pass for thirty seconds. The rheophornes can be led oil'to the dynamos through the floor or to another room, and the in strument for closing the circuit can be attaohed to the wall. The more scientifically you kill a hu man being the more horrible it seems. Tho gallows is cheerful compared with the ohair and helmet and electrodes.— Art* Orlcam I'Uayuite. A SORB SIGN. “What an intellectual couple Mr. and Mrs, Cranquo are (” “Intellectual I What makes you think that (" “Why, Mrs. Cranque outs her hair short, and Mr. Cranque lets his grow long.” “Air A TURTLE WHIPS A BEAR A NOVEL AND EXCITING BATTLE ON A FLORIDA BEACH. | A Big Black Bear Attacks a Mon ster Turtle, anti Gets the Worst of the Combat. A recent issue of the St. Louis Globe Democrat says: The schooner Mabel F., Captain Zeko Dickerson, cams into Charlotte Harbor, Fla., on Saturday, with a load of huge loggerhead turtles and fish. The turtles were monsters, several of them measur ing over nine feet, from end to end, over Ihe shell, and five to seven across. Buch ones will weigh from TOD to 1000 pounds each, and it is no child’s play to capture them. Several of the crew had severs wounds on their hands, caused by ths sharp claws with which the turtle’s flip pers are armed, aud one sailor was mourn ing the lo-s of his thumb, which he lost by fouling with one of the captives. The mate, Jim Wheclan, and a sailor named Dan liryan had the unusual luck ! of witnessing a tight between a big black bear and a mon«ter turtle. It occurred at Key Mina. The schooner wasat anchor on the inside shore, while the men went across the island, half n mile or so, and secured turtles on the gulf shore. The second night these two, by some choice, wandered down to the end of the island. While going along cautiously they heard & confused sound some way ahead, as if some kind of a light was going on. A deal of thrashing about was audible, and a sort of roar or grunt that sounded like a bear was heard. Pushing forward they soon rouuded a sharp turn that the beach made, and the cause of the rumpus was before them. At first they could not tell what it was, but saw that two big forms were struggling together and lighting furiously. From the grunts they knew that a bear was one of the combatants. t'autiously and silently they came up nearer and to their great surprise they perceived that the fight was between a huge loggerhead turtle and a big,shaggy black bear. From their positions it vtuuiu. seem time mu uutir uuu sprung on the turtle as it. was retreating to water, and had tried to overturn it. In some way it had stepped in front of the turtle, and the latter, thrusting its head out,had quietly seized one of bruin's hind legs and held on. At this the hear roared loudly and pawed furiously at the turtle’s back, trying to fort o him over on his hack. This the turtle resisted with all his strength and weight, settling down close to the ground whenever the bear made an extra effort, and then, as the latter relaxed his o forts, the turtle would suddenly start up and endeavor to get nearer the water, keeping his firm hold of the bear’s leg all the while. This move would arouse bruin's ire again, and the fierce contest would be renewed with increased fury. The bear’s disengaged hind leg plowed llie sand deeply as he endeavored to stop the turtle's progress waterward, while his fore paws clawed loggerhead madly, vainly trying to find some vulnerable spot; for, judging by his angry growling and the desperate efforts lie made to release his leg from the reptile’s grip, the turtle was holding on for keeps. By a sudden push and a powerful muscular effort of his head and paws bruin managed to get the turtle half-set, one side being raised a foot or so. Pur suing liis advantage he seized one of the turtle’s big flippers in iiis jaws, and the snap that followed showed that bruin felt that things were evening up. The old loggerhead plainly didn’t like this change oi tactics, for its free flippers moved like the !a:i of a threshing ma chine. Its big body plunged from side to side, while it scattered the sand in showers all around as it tried to throw off its big antagonist. The bear was, dragged around considerably by the turtle’s movements, anil the pain in his imprisoned leg evidently put him in very had humor. He kept chewing the turtle’s flipper and endeavoring to get tho latter overthrown. The old turtle worked around and finally got in a stroke with its sharp claw that badly ripped the bear’s under side. This infuriated bruin so much that he let go his grip on his anta gonist's flipper, and reaching his head uowb, tried to free his hind leg. But he made a bad mistake, and tho fighting mad losrrrerhcad nnicklv inmrnvml Vita opportunity. As bruin’s nose came witlun reach he let go the leg, and quick as a Hash fasteued his irou grip on the bear s jaw. Tho boys say that then ensued a circus. The lltur was thoroughly taken by surprise, and lie roared lustily with ' pain and rage. The turtle pushed on and dragged his unwilling captive along. Tho latter saw his danger and felt it, too, for they wore so near tho water’s edge that the waves splashed over them. The combat continued at this point for several seconds; it was plainly to be seen that both were pretty well tuckered out, and either would havo been willing to cry quits. But neither dared let go. The loggerhead dragged him along and finally had him in water knee-deep, i Here he had things more his own way. The waves coming in dashed the boar about so that he maintained his footing with dilHculty. He frantically danced about, endeavoring to get free, and using his terrible claws all he could, but tho turtle's coat of mail proved impene trable. Bruin’s strength now began to tail, and his big foe took advantage of every relaxation of his efforts to escape. Slowly the turtle worked his way out into deeper water, his flippers helping him wonderfully in his native element. A shelving rock or slide was soon / gained, and there the last struggle took place. The turtle, half covered with water, was raised time and again a foot or so by the frantic struggles of the partially drowned bear, whoso head was kept under the water longer each I time. It was plainly to he seen now I that the hear was doomed. After a lew minutes longer of the struggle, as the bear rested a moment, the turtle plunged off into deep water, dragging his prey under. As the bear went down his hind legs kicked convulsively, but in a very feeble wuy. The watchers of this ferocious encounter waited for an hour, to see if tho body of the beat would be released, but nothing came up. The n xt day, however, the fragments of the beast washed ashore, mutilated aud cut all to pieces. Three young Japanese men are now in the otiice of the Supervising Architect of the Treasury at Washington studying drawing.