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Iuka reporter. (Iuka, Miss.) 1888-1894, November 03, 1892, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065215/1892-11-03/ed-1/seq-2/

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'®l)e Jttfca Reporter
“WMIAsdBvwy Thursday
/ IUgA> ~ ’ - MIS3.
"It Is a sweet thought to American
sugar planters,” the Boston Transcript
opines, "that they will receive $9,000,
000 Government bounty on this year’s
Within three years the United States
have bought from the Indians about
30,000,000 acres of land, yet there re
main* in their possession about five
times that area.
The armies of the civilized Nations of
the world number 3,600,000 men. Be
sides the loss of their time end labor,
they cost at least $1000 a year for each
soldier, snd that amounts to $3,600,
An ingenious Frenchman has in.
vented a contrivance for removing thi
hair by machinery. It is said that i
operates with as great prscisiou as Dr
Guillotin’s, and does not remove so mucl
of the man with the hair.
Up to 1880 the shad was unknown ii
California waters. Young shad wer
sent there that year and planted in th
Sacramento River. Shad is now t
plentiful in California that it sells it
San Francisco by wholesale at two cent!
a pound._
The Missouri State Horticultural Sc
clety st its last annual meeting gavo th
standard size for market apples. The
Ben Davis and other large apples to bi
not less than 2$ inches in diameter, fre
frbm worms, bruises or scabs. "Wine
saps and others of that class not less thai
2} inches, free from the same defects.
In England, says the Chicago Times
farming is considered a business ths
must be learned, as well as anything else.
A. man without experience would havi
difficulty in renting or leasing a gooi
:farm there, no matter how much capital
he might have, and, again, no mattei
what his experience, he could not least
unless he could show capital enough t<
stock snd operate it properly. Here i
is sometimes different.
The interesting information comes
to the New York Press, from Cam<
bridge, Mass., that a new series of ex
periments in the difficult art of photo
. graphing the heavens is being made al
that'place. The instrument used is tbi
so-called Bush photographic telescope,
manufactured especially for the Harvard
Observatory, and the North Star wai
selected as the first object upon which to
test its powers. The apparatus used for
stellar photography is exceedingly deli
cate and complicated. There are four
photographic lenses, two feet in diame
ter. In front of these is the spectrum
for photographing stars. Its thickest
edge is three inches and the thineit
seven-eighths of an inch. The lenses are
of the finest optical glass. Their aver
age weight is 100 pounds. The bed plate
of the telescope is ten feet 4fc inches
and its breadth six feet. This swings on
a steel axle ten feet long and weighing
2200 pounds. The wheel to which the
clockwork is attached, regulating the
movement ot the instrument to the mo
■tion of the earth, is five feet in diameter.
Not only astronomers but multitudes ol
other folks who are interested in know
ing all that is to be Known concerning
the material universe, will await the
revelations of the forthcoming photo
graphs with keen curiosity.
The Concord idea of taking children
in conveyances from a distance to a cen
tral school building where accommoda
tions are provided for all grades is being
adopted by other towns in eastern Mas
sachusetts with gratifying results, in
some of the towoahips it has been found
necessary, because of their area, to es
tablish two large graded schools, and to
these the children who do not li ve iu the
immediate vicinity are carried daily.
Take, for instance, Lexington. The
School Committee bad to provide for
the transportation of 140 of their 300
school children, and contracted with a
livery stable keeper to provide four two.
horse barges, at a cost of $2500 foi the
year. This large outlay raised the cost
of the new system above the old to the
extent of about $600 in a total appro
priation $14,000; but leading citizens
state that the increased cost is gen
erally felt by the taxpayers to be alto
gether incoaaiderablecompared with the
advantages which have been gained.
The barges arrive at the school house at
least five minutes before the session
opens, nnd the children are fresh to be
gin their wcrx, and there is no longer
My loss of time from tardiness. The
safety and comfort of the little ones in
making^he journey is also a considera
tion with both teachers and parents.
Among the other towns that have fol
lowed the example of Concord are Bedr
Cohasset, and Weston.
New Jersey legal authorities have de
cided that oysters are not real estate, but
personal property.
Thirty per cent, of England’s litera
ture is composed of novels, and those of
Bertha SI. Clay aro far in the van.
In the latest disastrous railroad wreck,
the engineer, pinned in by the wreckage
and beholding fire moving toward him,
begged his would-be rescuers to kill him
if they could not get him out. "Wai
chloroform ever tried in such a,case!’
suggests the Chicago News Kecord.
American astronomers are coming tc
the front as satellite discoverers of the
first class. The Washington Star feels
that “Hall and Barnard are destined to
rank with the great astronomers of thi
past, the one for his discovery of Mars
moon and the other for his find of-a fiftl
moon of Jupiter.”
A novel divinity school has been es
tablished at Boulder, Col. It is to b<
nonsectarian, states the Chicago Herald
not only in the sense or being under thi
control of no particular denomination
but also in the actual representation anc
co-operation of representatives of severs
different denomination in its directio
and teaching.
The Maino fishermen spread a tab!
on board their vessels that would sui
prise the average person. Barrels c
cabbage, turnip, sweet corn, fish, meal
canned goods, etc., are included in th
outfit. In fact, avers, the Chicago Her
aid, all the articles necessary for a first
class hotel are found in the pantry
Though thev handle immnnQh miAnfStie.
, of fish, neither on board nor at thei
. homes does it often appear.
The San Francisco Examiner observes
Those queerly constituted persons whi
, imagine they have a respectfor the mem
t ory of deceased persons whose tomb:
they despoil have already carried awa
i eyeij portable object from the buria
I place of Walt Whitman, at Camden, N
J., and chipped chunks from the granit
walls. The cemetery officers have ha
, to meet to devise measures to stop thi
, memento gatherers’ raids.
When we look at industrial conditions
says Commissioner Carroll D. Wright ii
an article on «‘Our Native and Foreign
born Population,” in Popular Scienc
Monthly, it is learned that the absorp
tion of immigrants has not been equal
The facta in this respect cannot be givei
for 1890, but for 1880 they indicat
what may be expected when the ful
facts of 1890are reported. In 1880 thi
whole number of people engaged ii
agriculture was 7,670,493. Of thi
number 812,829 persons were of foreigi
birth; that is to say, 10.06 per cent, o
the whole number employed in agricul
ture in 1880 were foreign-born. Th
total number employed in manufactur
ing, mechanical, and mining Industrie:
in the United States in 1880 was 3,837 .
112. Of this number 1,225,787 were o'l
foreign birth, and this number is 32 pet
cent, of the whole number of persons
engaged in these industries. The ten
dency, therefore, of our immigrants n
to assimilate with our mechanical In
dustries. This inn.rpsqe. fVio ~
. , rrv
labor in comparison to the demand, and
may in some localities tend to lower
wages, and sometimes to cripple thi
consuming power of the whole body
of the people. In 18S0 12.52 per cent,
of the whole number of foreign-born
persons were engaged in agriculture,
while 18.18 per cent, of the foreign
born were engaged in manufactures.
The Australian bushmen who wen
recently brought to San Francisco to
show Americans the marvel of boom'
erang-throwing are unable to stand “the
glorious climate of California,” and the
Immigration Commissioner decided to
send them back to the antipodes. They
refused to come ashore and shivered all
day on the deck of the steamer on
which they arrived. One of them, who
spoke English a little, said: “We shall
be glad to go home. We would die
here. It is to cold. The people are
not like our people. We would die.”
“Don't you want to go asboro and see
the city?” he was usked. The bush
man shook his head violently. “Why
nctl” “The houses are too high. We
cannot see the sun.” These innocent
aborigines were persuaded to ship for
this country by a showman who
counted on making a fortune
out of them. He failed to supply them
clothes, or look after their comfort, and,
fortunately for themselves, one of the
passengers told them of the bard fate of
the Samoans who were brought over
in the same way by the same man and
abandoned after finding themselves in a
nation of strangers whose customs and
fashion of living were not theirs. Learn
ing thestory of the Queenslanders, the
Immigration Commissioners refused to
allow the showman to take them off the
steamer, holding that they were pau
«,■*. MtWmble undjr t> Jaw.
flem York College of Commerce
Occupying the entire Fifth Avenue Hotel, Corner Fifth Avenue and Twenty-third Street. All the Upper Floor Used as a College Boarding Department
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CO M. M. FIELDS. Vice President G. f. HART. Sec’y and Treas. tfl
1 ~— -• — - - — -... - .. 111 —^
) -
In Ancient Times Animals Were
Blamed, Rewarded, or Punished
By Law—Carious Lawsuits,
1 Against Animals.
I -
BOOK which delight all lover3
, /\ of the curious and grotesque,
as well as provide food for seri
(i ous thought, has just appeared
. at Naples under the title of “Criminal
i Beasts.” Its author. Signor D'Addosio,
, describes it as a mere attempt to deal
with the subject. He prepared it with
out assistance, and admits that it only
i imperfectly covers the ground he has
i outlined. Yet it presents a perfectly
, astounding array of facts and veracious
incidents relating to the supposed amen
| ability of brutes to tho civil law.
• The reader is first leminded that the
ancient laws of the Egyptians, Persians,
i Hebrews and Greeks attributed rights
and duties to animals, and decided that
equally with men, animals were subject
to praise or blame, reward or punish
ment. For this reason severe penalties
were instituted against men who took
the life of animals, maltreated or hurt
them without reason, and equally severe
penalties were awarded to animals for
acts hurtful to the lives or property of
men. Little by litttle these laws, which
flourished when mankind was still child
like and ingenuous, fell into disuse as
the human race became aware of its im
mense superiority, and finally the cold
f and reasoning Unmans denial! tn nnimnla
any rights and duties, and pronounced
them to be void of conscience or person
ality, without, however, deciding that
they were mere machines. Then came
a reaction. The Middle Ages, dis
tinguished for the predominance of im
agination over reason, leapt back at a
hound to superstition and barbarism,
and all rights and duties were restored
to animals, together with such responsi
bility that when they committed any act
hurtful to man or his works they wero
summoned as criminals, and subjected
to the rigor of the law. In the six
teenth century this humanizing of ani
mals began again to decrease, until in
the seventeenth century it entirely dis
The curious lawsuits which wero, iu
the Middle Ages, so often instituted
agaiust members of the animal kingdom,
were sometimes penal, sometimes civil.
The former was directed against animals
that had destroyed human life, or re
sorted to magic or diabolical works,
when the accused were put in prison,
tried, sentenced, condemned, and
executed according to all the formalities
against human criminals. The civil
suits wero directed against such animals
or insects as attacked and damaged corn
fields, vineyards, orchards, meadows,
and so on, or in any way were hurtful
to the possessions of men. When
prayers and processions had been re
sorted to in vain, an appeal was made to
the local ecclesiastical judge, who cited
the destroyers to appear before him,
nominated advocates for and against.
The inhabitants of the damaged district
Aid the same, and trial took place with
solemnity and with ail the tedious detail
and long-winded argument of mediaeval
justice and jurists. The sentence gener
ally condemned the animals or insects to
leave the invaded territory within a
given date, on pain of curses and ex
communication, and almost alwaya as
signed some uncultivated place where
they could retire and live as they pleased.
Often, when the creatures had been deaf
to the sentence, a new trial and verdict
was undertaken to carry out the excom
There are given In the book, on the
authority of official records, accounts of
a vast number of trials of horses, cattle,
fowls, dogs, goats, snakes, leeches, etc.
The majority of cases are taken from
the records of French courts, though
Italy furnishes a goodly number. In
Naples itself, for example, an ass was
solemnly tried and condemned to be
burned to death, a proceeding which
called forth a scoffing poem from a wil
of the period. Civil suits were generally
directed against vermin, such as cater
pillars, grubs, leeches, locusts, rats, mice
and soon. In 1451 a suit was instituted
against the leeches which infested the
ponds in the neighborhood of Bern, in
Switzerland, and the Bishop of Lausanne,
in his instructions to his parish priests ol
Bern, which instructions were solemnly
approved of by the professors of the
University of Heidelburg, mentioned
that it would bo advisable to procure
“some of the aquatic worms and place
them before the magistrates.” This was
done, and the leeches, both those pres
ent and those absent, were ordered to
leave the places they had so boldly in
fested within three days, on pain of in
curring the malediction of God.
In conclusion, the author dwells upon
the fact that scientific knowledge swepl
away nearly all the legends and fancier
concerning the animal kingdom. A his
tory of such legends is, he holds highly
prolific of valuable thought, and forms a
most curious chapter of the history of the
human mind itself. He dwells upon the
modern movements for the protection ol
nuimalfl frnm p.rnpU.r. nmnhf>r«ipa
the future, a time when a still more in
telligent and sympathetic interest will be
bestowed upon them.—New York Tri
Official English in Japanese Courts.
One day in Yokohama a Japanese
sailor was arrested for assaulting a jm
rikishs man. The English court room
was crowded, and desiring to hear the
English language as spoken officially in
tho.court room by a wise magistrate, I
crowded in with the rest, writes Eli
Perkins in the New York Suu.
The polite old magistrate wore sandals,
a kimono, and silk hat. Putting on his
glusses he looked solemnly at the culprit
and the examination commenced.
“Why do you strike this jinrikisha
“He told me impolitely.”
“What does he told you impolitely?”
“He insulted me, saying loudly, ‘the
sailor, the sailor!’ when 1 am passing
“Do you strike this man for that!”
“But do not strike him, for it is for
“I strike him no more.”
“Good,” said the magistrate; “if he
will strike or terrify the people with
enormous voice, he will himself be an ob
ject of fear for the people. Good-by. Do
not continue here the other time.”
Limits on Natural Vision.
The limit of natural vision varies
with eievatiou, condition of the atmos
phere, intensity of illumination and other
modifying elements. On a clear day an
object one foot above a level plain may
be seen at a distance of 1.31 miles; one
ten feet in height, 4.15 miles; ofie
twenty feet high, 5.86 miles; one 100
feet high, 13.1 miles; one a mile high
(as the top of a mountain),' 95.23 miles.
This allows seven inches, or to be more
exact, 6.99 inches to the mile, for the
curvature of the earth, and assumes that
the size and illumination of the object
is sufficient to produce an image_
Chicago Herald.
The folding envelope was first used iu
the year 1839,
Tin last of His Base.
A good story is told of a purse-proud
old nobleman who was traveling through
the rural districts of Sweden. In that
couutry the people do not have quite as
much respect for tho titled aristocracy as
in some other localities on the continent.
One day this nobleman came rolling up
to a country tavern, and as he stopped
his carriage he called out in an imperi
ous tone:
“Horses, landlord—horses at once!”
“I am very much pained to inform you
that you will have to wait over an hour
before fresh horses can bo brought up,”
replied the landlord.
“How?” violently exclaimed the no
bleman. “This to met My man, I de
mand horses at once!”
Then, observing tho fresh sleek-look
ing horses which were being led up tc
another carriage, he said:
“For whom are those horses?”
“They were ordered for this gentle
man,” answered the landlord, pointing
to a tall, shm individual a few paces
distant. ,
“I say, ray man 1” called out tho noble
man to the slim gentleman, “will you let
me have those horses if I pay you t
liberal bonus?”
“Ho,” answered the slim man. “I
intend to use them myself.”
“This to me!” exclaimed the noble
“That’s what I said,” replied tho slim
“Perhaps you nre not aware who I
am, ’ roared the now thoroughly agitated
and irate nobleman. “I am, sir,'Field
Marshal Baron Ueorge Sparrc, the last
auu uui_y uue ui my race.
“I am very glad to hear that,” said
the slim man, stepping into his carriage.
“It would he a terrible thiug to thiuk
that there might be more of you coming.
I am inclined to think that your race will
be u foot race.”
The slim raau was the King of Sweden.
Cure far Diphtheria.
A. M. Sydney-Turner, surgeon to the
Gloucester county infirmary, informs the
Lancet, in reply to inquiries, that he
has treated thirty cases of diphtheria
(children and adults) with paraffin, and
had the satisfaction of seeiug ever? one
recover. His plan is to askfor the or.
dinary paraffiu used in lamps, and. liuv
ing scraped off the diphtheritic patch, to
apply the paraffin every hour to tho
throat (internally) with a large camel’s
hair brush. As a rule, the throat gets
well in from twenty-four to forty-eight
hours, and with improvement in the
throat the paraffin is applied less fre
quently, but he continues its use for
two or three days after the complete
disappearance of the patches. He
speaks defiuitely as to the therapeutic
effects, but is unable to state what the
chemical action of paraffin ou tho diph
theritic membrane is; probably the
hydro-carbons in the liquid exert some
powerful influence on tho membrane.
A Clock That Sings.
The Petits Republique Francais says:
“A French engineer, M. Terrier de Vil
loneuve, who is living at present in New
York and has worked for some time past
in connection with Mr. Edison, is about
to send to the Chicago Exposition a
unique clock. The clock, which will
be combined with a phonograph, will in
twelve hours perform the four operas of
‘Lohengrin,’ ‘William Tell,’ ‘The Hu
guenots,’ and ‘Faust.’ The phonograph
will reproduce the voices of the most
celebrated singers who have appeared in
these operas, such as Patti, Faure, etc.
The orchestra will be a phonographic
reproduction of the Grand Opera of
King of (he Amazon*.
King Behnnzin is described as fifty
years of age, of medium height and in
clined to corpulency, with fine black *
eyes uud glistening teeth, a majestio
manner and simple habits. He is cal
culated to impress all who come in con
tact with him. He has two palaces, one
at Abomey anti the other at the foot of a
delicious green hill near Kana. At homo
he is guarded and waited upon by thous
ands of female adherents, each of whom
has her special office. Guards of Ama
zons are stationed outside each of his
apartments. If he wishes to smoke tba
Queen Dada hands him his pipe, an
other partner of his joys and sorrows
brings him a brazier, and a third ap
proaches humbly with the imperial spit
toon. Then the griots, or royal musi
cians, fill tuu palace with a melody.
Should the royal temper not be attuned
to mu3ic, the akfolos are at once sum
moned. These aro the native trouba
dours, and Joe Millers, who recite the
sagas of Dahomeyan history and pro
pound the well-worn National riddles
or crack the familiar National jokes.
The King is said to have immense
wealth. A Paris correspondent says
that it is believed on good grounds that
treasure, the accumulation of upward of
centuries, is buried in Abomey. Allow
iug largely for exaggerations, this tress- /
ure, the writer declares, is said to be f ,
worth u sum equivalent to $100,000,000.
If is known that the successive Kings of
Dahomey have buried vast quantities of
bullion within the precincts of the pal
ace in a number of large pits, ten or
more of which are said to contain gold
*vugi smvei lu tut! amounc oi several mil
lions of dollars each.—New York Re
Origin or n Popular Saying.
According to the historian, Home, the
Prince of Orange, afterward King of
England, is Responsible for the proverb
ial expression about “dying in the last
ditch.” When Holland was so be
leagured by her enemies that the salva
tion of the country from annihilation
seemed impossible, the Duke of Buck
ingham remonstrated with William on
his course, and asked him to change it,
alleging that the country was on the
verge of ruin. “There is one means,”
the Priuec answered, “by which I can be
sure not to see my country’s ruin. I will
j die in the last ditch.”
. "
( nrio.sities About Languages.
Almost a third of the total population
of tho globe—a rouad 400,000,000
human beings—ipeak nothing but the
Chinese and allied languages. One huu
dred milliou more speak Hindoo only,
and 35,000,000 speak English. The
Russian language is fourth on the list
being the mother tongue qf 89,000.000
people. The German is a good fifth and
is used by 57,000,000 tongues, France
coming sixth on the list, in which it was
once first. Spanish is used by 48,000,
000 people in Europe and the three
Americas.—St. Louis Republic.
An Affect ion ate Jackal.
The jackal is only a little wild dog.
Its body is but fifteen or sixteen inches
long, its tail about ten more, and it
stands about fifteen inches high. It has
all the habits of a dog. When wild it
howls, hut when tamo it barks just like
a house dog. It is nocturnal in its hab
its, but that is because the heat of the
climate in Asia and Africa is so great
that most animals shun the light, and
the jackal docs not like tho heat any
more than other animals do. It is eai
' Lta‘“£d> “nd becomes as affectionate
aaa f&ithiul us any dog.
English books were first printed h.
Caxton ip the year 1474, **
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