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The Durant news. (Durant, Miss.) 1882-1985, January 22, 1942, Image 1

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Ha sal Braaaan
The late Senator Pat Harrison was
the most influential and be.st loved
member of the U. S. Senate, said
Senator J. O. Eastland, Ruleville
planter, who was appointed by Gov.
Johnson to fill the vacancy caused by
Senator Harrison’s death. Senator
Eastland spoke to members of the
Durant Rotary club and a number of
invited guests here Tuesday.
Another interesting statement
made by the Senator was that the
desk occupied by Jefferson Davis In
the Senate was the most sooghtaftcr
desk in the chamber. Representatives
In eastern states have been known to
prefer it to desks occupied by pro
minent men of their own state. Two
representatives from eastern states
practically had a fuss over the desk
which ended by Senator Millard Ty
dings of Maryland getting it.
The desk has two holes la it
which are said to have been caused
by the thrust of a Union soldier’s
bayonet. The name “Jefferson Davis"
is inscribed on the desk with the date
*1801’’ barely legible. The reputation
of Jefferson Davis today is greater
in the U. S. Senate than it is in Mis
sissippi, Senator Eastland said.
Speaking briefly of the war Sena
tor Eastland said Japan declared war
Aft ne Kssensa a# nvaaenwo fsam ITSL
ler. The flow of materials and ar
raanenta which wa were beginning to
send to England in spite of strikes
was beginning to be felt by Hitler,
he said. Our aid to England had al
ready coat him air-supremacy in Af
rica and ha was desperate to stop
eur aid to England- Involvement with
Japan was his solution to stop us
Japan is an island about the site
of the state of Montana with a popu
lation of seventy million people in
Japan proper, the speaker stated.
She has no resources whatever hav
ing to import everything she uses.
Ten years ago she started a campaign
af pillaging instead of buying, he
said. Moat of her materials had to
come from either the western hemis
phere or southern Asis. The United
States controlling the Panama Canal
and Great Britain controlling Singa
pore had her cut off from all avail
able supplies. Thus she was and is in
a position where she has to import
The U. S. is capable of producing
more than all other nations of the
world put together, Sen. Eastland
said. Wc control over one-half of the
total industrial production of the
world- Even though Japan gets con
trol of all Asis she will be capable
only of producing one-ninth of what
we can.
The war will last as long as it
takes to get airplanes to Japan, Sena
tor Eastlnd believes- She will be
whipped as soon as America solves
the problem of getting materials
where thy are needed, he said.
The facts presented about the
south’s economic position and causes
for it together with a few remedies
offered by Senator Eastland in his
speech have been preached by this
writer for over five years in this
Until all the so-called intelligent
people have courage enough to know
our problems and try to effect a
solution we are going to remain right
where we are. And we’re still go
ing to be the poorest state in the
poorest section of the United States
Senator Eastland, in his reasoning
and actions to date, we think is de
finitely on the right track and we
are with him in that respect at least
one-hundred percent. More about this
next week.
— Oo—
Mississippi is getting up in the
world in one respect at least. Sena
tor Bilbo has a chauffeur whose wife
is no less than the cook at the White
House. The Man says his chauffeur
eats more meals at the White House
than does the President.
Last week we reported Miss Juli
ette Hendrix Fleming in the hospital
recovering from an appendectomy.
Only we dropped the Fleming.
It so happens that this left Julie
tte’ name very much the same as
Miss Julia Hendricks, popular deputy
in ‘he Chancery Clerk’s office in
Lexington. As a result Julia got a
good many phone calls and “get
well’ cards and even some flowers to
which she was not really entitled
being perfectly well and happy, we
We are glad to report this week
that Miss tuliette Hendrix Fleming
is back home in Durant and getting
along nicely, according to her par
ents. Mr. and Mrs D. H. Fleming.
Which all goes to prove that if
you want any thing read ^ust nut it
in V- Durant News, the paper that
eve>y body reads.
Rev. E- S. Lewis was a West visi
tor Tuesday morning where he spoke
to the school .assembly.
The Paper Everybody Reads
63rd Year — 24th laoiifc. JUtAXT, MISSISSIPPI,~THURSDA\r, JANUARY 22, 1942. " Subscription $2.00 Per 1’ear.
Victory Book Drive
Seeks Books For
Armed Forces
Mrs. J. L. Longinotti
Durant Chairman; t
Cooperation Asked
A “Victory Book Campaign’’ has
been launched to secure as many
good books as possible for the na
tion's armed force*. Mrs. J. L- Long
inotti is Durant chairman of the
committee which seeks donations of
books in this community.
Anyone having one or more books
which he or she will give is asked to
leave the donation at the library
here. If it is impossible to bring
books to the library someone will
Pic* the book up if the giver will
pall Mrs. Longinotti.
Works of fiction and non-fiction,
mystery and historical novels, bio
graphies, are especially desired. Only
books with good content are wanted.
Books which are whole but need re
pairing will be gladly accepted as
they will be put in good condition
and used- Textbooks used in schools
are also wanted in large quantities.
It is hoped that ten million books
will be gathered in this campaign to
have a good library in every train
ing camp in the nation. In this way a
certain amount of good, wholesome
recreation will be available to every
man in training.
Look over your library of books
and see if there isn’t a volume or
two that you will spare so that thou
sands of men in training can share
with you the value of good reading
and study.
$475.60 Contributed
Here For War ReNef
$132.25 Turned In
This Week To Pass
$400 Goal $75.00
Employees of the Durant Manu
facturing Company contributed
$108.?5 to the war relief drive of
the American Red Cross Friday which
with other contributions brought to
$475.60 the amount raised in Du
rant W P. “Red” Taylor was chair
man of the drive and the goal was
Contributions added during the
week were as follows: S- R. King
$5.00; Miss Mamie Clark $1; Clar
ence Blanton $1; Mrs. T. R. King
$1; Business and Professional Wo
men’s club 2 00; Durant School
I)MC Employees gave as follows:
.J. W Norwood $5; Annie Guess
$1.50; $1.00 each, Louise Melton,
Nellie Hastings, Dorothy Brown. Inez
Dickerson, Ollie Mae Sills, Cleo Hicks,
Wilma Hicks, Marguvite Cofer, Mary
K. Brown, Perry Melton, Maxine M.i
jure, Ruby Grantham, Mabel Swin
ney, Edna Owens, Willease Brant
j ly. Bess Mitchell, Mary Ruth Smith,
Virginia uuit, juumu*
(Continued on next page)
J. D. Campbell
Passes At West
J. D- Campbell died January 17,
after a brief illness He was born in
Indiana in 18fi0. He lived a portion of
his life at Kellerton, Iowa then
moved to Berryville, Ark., while there
he was a contractor and ir\-mber of
the Presbyterian church. For the
last five years he had lived with
his son at West
Mr. Campbell is survived by one
son, A. I Campbell of West. Mr.
Campbell 75 employed by the I. C.
F'uneral services were held Sun
day afternoon at 1 o'clock at the
home of Mr- and Mrs. J. W. Alford,
West, conducted by the Rev. Madi
son F'lowers of Goodman.
His body was then shipped to
Berryville, Arkansas for interment.
Mrs. Claude Bailey
Heads FDR Birthday
Drive In County
Community Chairmen
Are Named Today;
Cooperation Asked
Mrs. Claude Bailey, prominent
Lexington woman, has been named
Holmes county chairman of the Pre
sident’s Birthday Celebration com
mittee this year and has named her
community hairmen as follows:
Lexington, Mrs. B. S. Beall, Jr
Durant, Miss Hazel Brannon.
Goodman, Mrs. Hugh Cowsert, Jr
West. Mrs. C. B. Cade
Pickens, W. S- Owen.
Tchula, Mrs. Cal Purvis.
Acona, Mrs. M. J- Evans.
Cruger, Mrs- A. B. Archer and
Mrs. F. C. Flemming.
Coxburg ,Mrs. Lillian Hocutt.
Franklin, Miss Elizabeth Drenncn.
Ebenezer, Mrs- John P. Lucas.
Thornton, Mrs. R. L. Peaster.
Orrvon. Mrs. K. R. Edwards.
Chairmen for Mileston, Emory and
Howard will be announced by next
week, Mrs. Bailey said.
Colored chaiiyen have been nam
ed in several of the schools: E. A.
Bingham, Mt- Olive School; Sylves
ter Marshall, Mileston; L. A Seals,
Lexington; James Randall, Saint In
dustrial; G. W. Williams, Durant
Events for the various communi
ties will be p'lnned and carried out
by the community chairmen together
with persons whom they ask to help
Each chairmen is asked to take a
number of birthday cards which each
hold 10 dimes and get these cards
When the cards are filled the puo
lic is asked to turn them back into
their community chairmen who will
give them to Mrs- Bailey. One-half
of all monies collected will be retain
ed in the county to aid victims of
infantile paralysis in this county.
The other half will go to the Nat
ional Foundation of Infantile Para
(Continued on next page)
Workmen’s Comp’tion
Law Introduced In
Miss. Legislature
Mississippi Is Only
State In Nation
Without Law
JACKSON., Jan 21-— A work
men’s compensation law, with liberal
provisions for those covered by it
and safeguarding their rights through
court administration of toe act, has
been introduced in the House of
Representatives. Enactment of the
measure would eliminate Mississippi
as the only state in the nation with
out such a law for the benefit of
the wnrkinc irroun.
A provision calls for attorneys
fees in contested cases, with the
scale of payments in such cases pro
vided and ranging ten percent on re
coveries of $2,000 or over and up to
twenty percent on recoveries of $1,
000 or less.
Exempt from provisions of the act
are employes of railroads or other
common carriers protected in a fed
eral liability act, farm labor, domes
tic employment, commission sales
men, employers with less than 8 em
ployes or federal and state employes
Principal contractors subject to
the act are liable for compensation
to employes injured while in the em
ploy of sub-contractors.
In addition to 65 percent of the
weekly earnings, injured workers are
given hospitalisation benefits up to
$500 for six months. The maximum
death payment js $7,000.
Total disability payments run for
8 years and carry 50 percent of the
weekly earnings, while temporary to
tal disability claims are paid on the
same 50 percent basis for 150 weeks.
Temporary partial disability pay
(Continued on next page)
Car Owners Must Buy
$2.09 Tax Stamps By
February 2nd, '42
Motor vehicle use tax stamps are
i ow on sale at post offices through
out the state, as well as the office of
the Collector of Internal Revenue in
This tax, which is imposed on any
motor vehicle used on the public
highways, is $2.09 for the balance
of tha fiscal year ending June 30,
1942, and is payable not later than
February 1. However, since Febru
ary 1 falls on Sunday, motor vehicle
owners purchasing their stamps on
Monday. February 2, will not be lia
ble for the penalty provided by law
according to Eugene Fly, collector ofi
internal revenue.
Postmaster Turnage Williams ask
nil Durant citizens to purchase their
stamps at soon as possible and avoid
the laat minute rush. Each car ow
ner must also purchase a one-cent
postal stamp to mail to the Internal
Revenue office showing that he
bought the tax stamp and put on the
card the motor number, make and
model of your car
County Tire Quota
For February Cut
Number Of Heavy
Truck Tires In
January Unused
Holmes county has been allotted
only 16 light truck and passenger
car tires end 14 tubes, 32 hevay
truck and bus tires and 55 tubes
for the month of February, accord
ing to an announcement today of
the local rationing board.
There is still an allotment of heavy
truck tires for those who can qualify
fro them this month. The unused
portion of January’s quota, however,
cannot be carried over into Febru
ary. Application must be made before
the dud of the month. In every case
Imcs county tire dealer must
certificate that the tires can
i repaired.
January 12, Issued Joe House Bird
two truck tires 32x6, two truck tubes
January 15, Issued W. W. Thur
mond two obsolete tires 600x20, two
obsolete tubes 600x20.
January )6, Issued C. C. Reed two
truck tires 600x16, two tubes 600x
January 17, Issued Archie Klap
nutn two truck tires 7.50x20, one
tube 7.50x20.
January 17, Issued Dr. L- H. Eu
-banks two passenger tires 650x16,
one tube 6-50x16.
January 17, Issued Lexington
Lumber Co. one truck tire 7.00x17
one truck tube 7 00x17.
M i ■ si ■
uoxey nas rummer
Of '41 Handbooks
For Farmers
I have on hand several hundred
copies of the 1941 Agriculture Year
book, whcih is the latest edition av
ailable for distribution.
This book is entitled “Climate qnd
Man” and contains 1248 pages of
interesting and valuable information
to the farmers, as every farmer
knows that the weather vitally af
fects the yield and quality of his
The book is divided into Five Parts,
dealing with “Climate as a World
Influence," “Climate and Agricul
tural Settlement’', “Climate and the
Farmer ", “The Scintific Approach to
Climate and Weather’’, and “Cli
matic Data".
Upon request, I shall be glad to
send any one a free copy of this
year book as long as my limited sup
ply lasts.
With best wishes, I am
Sincerely your friend,
304 Senate Office Bldg-,
Washington, D- C.
A Week Of The War...
The President established a War
Production Board headed by Donald
M- Nelson, former mail-order firm
executive and more recently Ex "
tive Director of SPAB and Prio -
ties Director. The President directed
.Vr- Nelson to “exercise genera' dir
ection over t ie ”'ar procure ie\t
ind production program,” to per
vise the OPM and issue production
arid procurement directives whore
necessary -to all other Government
agencies. The President said Ur.

Nelson's decisions shall be final
Vice President Wallace and other
members of he SWAB, now abolish
ed, were made members of the War
Production Bon
In 1 • oPM Directors Knud
sen a;.i an and .• produc
tion eff'i. > Mr ' i! ! "re
must eria<^ ill i ij ; Iras a
ti cities ... all our facilities . . •
must produce 24 hours a day, 168
hours a week.” 01 M Director Hill
man, speaking in Washington, said
the nation’s force of workers in
war industries must be doubled or
tripled, more women must be train
ed and brought into the labor force
to take the place of men going into
the armed services. He asked em
ployers not to bar aliens in war in
dustries except in plams turning
our secret weapons.
Director Odium of the OPM Con
tract Distribution Division said a
plan has been prepared to set aside
(Continued on page five)
Eastland Tells Durant Rotarians That South's
Poverty Is Man-Made- That We Must Get
Justice In Peace After The War Is Over
Fanners Are Asked
To Sell Soap
Steel Mills Close
Due To Shortage
Of Scrap Iron
The estimated million to a million
and-a-half tons of scrap iron lying
useles on American farms, if com
bined with other necessary, materials,
would be sufficient to build 193
modern 35,000-ton battleships for
the United States Navy, according
to advices transmitted by OPM to
the Department of Agriculture.
Through its farmer-committee or
ganization, the USDA War Boards
have taken the responsibility or col
lecting the scrap metal from the na
tion’s 6,000,000 farms
One-Hundred and twenty-five
pounds or so of rusty scrap on your
dump pile when mixed with other
materials is enough to make a 500
pound aerial bomb. And if you pile
it up with that of all the farmers
in your county, 36,000 pounds of it
will make one 27-ton medium tank.
The total amount of scrap avail
able on American farms is estimated
to make possible the manufacture of
50 million machine guns of .50 cali
bre, or 156,250 light tanks of the
type which the British have used so
(Continued on next page)
Selective Service Act
Calls For Registration
Monday, Feb. 16th
Men 20 To 45 Must
Register; Places Are
Named In Beats 2-3
The new registration, the third in
number under the Selective Training
and Service Act of 194b, will be held
between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and
9:00 pm. on Monday, February 16,
1942. A proclamation has been issued
by the President of the United States,
which states who must register and
excerpts from this proclamation are
as follows:
“>Now, Therefore, I, Franklin D.
Roosevelt, President of the United
States of America, acting under and
by virtue of the authority vested in
me by the Selective Training and
Service Act of 1940, as amended, do
proclaim the following:
“1. Pursuant to the Selective
Training and Service Act of 1940, as
amended, the registration of male
citizens of the United States and
other male persons who were born
on or after February 17. 1897, and
on or before December 31, 1921,
shall take place in the United States
and the Territories of Alaska and
Hawaii, and in Puerto Rico on Mon
day, the 16th day of February, 1942,
between the hours of 7 a.m. and 9
“2- (a) Every male citizen of the
United States, and every other male
person residing in the continental
United States or in the Territory of
Alaska or in the Territory of Hawaii
or in Puerto Rico, other than persons
excepted by section 5 (a) of the
Selective Training and Service Act
of 1940, as amended, and by section
208 of the Coast Guard Auxiliary and
Reserve Act of 1941, is required to
and shall on February 16, 1942, pre
(PyvotinmJ nn HPtt TVafiTe)
\ -
William Pepper Enlists
In U. S. Marines.
JACKSON, Jan. 15- — William
Elisha Pepper, son of Dr. and Mrs
E D. Pepner of Pickens, has been
accepted tor enlistment in the U, S
Marine Corps and sent to San Diego,
Cal., for his basic training, Major
Edwyn 0. Schultz, chief recruiting
officer f«r Mississippi, announced
Pepper, a graduate of Central
High school in Jackson, will train I
for app ::!:uately one month at the
Califorr,!" ‘'asp before being assigned
to a co’^nany at one of the many
Marine posts over the world.
Majox Schultz said many vacan
cies ex! -cl in both the regular and
reserve branches of the Marine
Tlorps and urges interested young
men between the ages of 17-10, un
mar.ud and in norm, 1 health, to
write or visit the state Mr/i" Re
crui.lr.g Station, 230 West Capitol
street. Jackson, for further infor
K:: --on
Eastland-Bankhead BilP
Will Help Offset
Protective Tariff
If the southern farmer hacfe the
same protection afforded the eastern
manufacturer we would need fifty
million additional acres of cotton to
supply the world demand. Sen. J
O. Eastland told members of, tne
Durant Rotary Chib in an address
In addition thirty million more
hogs, several.mHMon beef cattle and
dairy cose? would, be needed to supr
ply the American demand for meats,
butterfats and the like, the Rulevilla
planter who served ninety days in
the U. S. Senate to fill the vacancy
caused by the death of Senator Pat
Harrison, stated
Before the war the south was fac
ed with the fact that more cotton mm
being used by the world than ever be
fore but we were selling less thaifc
ever before because of the high pro
tective tariff saddled on U9 at the
close of the War Between the Statei
and continued for the past hundred
years. In 1930 the tariff was in-- -
creased even higher.
“The south must secure justice at
the peace conference that fellows
this war,” Senator Eastland said.
“There are more sons of the south
in the airforce which is going to win
this war than any other section of
the country. We must see to 1t that
they get justice."
The Senator said that the south
has more resources than any other
section of its size and yet it is the
poorest, has the lowest income in
:he U- S. and Mississippi has the
lowest income in the south- We
could be and should be the richest
section of the country were it not
lor artificial man-made barriers that
keep us from being.
There is now pending before the
agricultural committee of the Senafta
a bill written by Senators Eastland
and Bankhead (Ala.) which will par
tially offset the enormous tribute of
800 million dollars exacted from the
oori.Miltural neonle of the south and
west for the benefit of the manu
This bill calls for allowing foreign
(Continued on next page)
Services At Methodist
Church Announced
Church School at 9:45, Walter
Odom, superintendent.
Worship at 11 o’lcock.
Special number by the choir.
Sermon by the pastor. Topic: Me
thodism’s Message to this Genera
Evening service at 5 o’clock
Sermon topic, The Importance of
Winning this Generation to Christ.
Both Leagues meet at 6 o’clock
The Circles of the Woman’s So
ciety meet at 3 o’clock Monday af
ternoon. No. one will meet with
Mrs. E. S. Lewis, No two with Mrs.
Harry O’Cain, and No. three with
Mrs. C- H- Carruth.
Prayer meeting Wednesday eve
ning at 7 o’clock.
Everybody cordially invited
Nichols Urges Farmers
To Save All Tires
Air Pressure For
Tractor Tires
Is Given
Because civilian use of rubber
tires must be cut drastically to aid
the war effort, farmers are urged
to do their utmost to conserve and
repair their tires, Mr. H. L. Nich
ols, chairman of the County USDA
War Board, said today.
War in the East Indies threatens'
our future rubber imports at the
same time that our military need
for tires is growing, he pointed out.
Be recapping, retreading and vul
canizing tires on their automobiles
and farm equipment, farmers may
favorably affect this country’s for
tunes in the war
Repair efforts also will serve the
farmers’ welfare, since certificates
for new tires will be issued to them
only far tractor., farm implements
and truck which are used to haul
farm products o ma- , Mr. Nich
ols said.
Prevention of tire trouble is as
^portant as its cure, he added. Far
mers are already extering extra cau
(Continued on next page)

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