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OE0. 7, 1942 REMEMBER PEARL HARBOR
JM: THE MISSISSIPPI ENTERPRISE Jr VOLUME 4, No. 43 SATURDAY, DECEMBER 5, 1942 ‘ “ PRICE 5 CENTS ^- - . — - -.. A WEEK OF THE WAR; SITUATION SUMMARIZED BY SECRETARY OF WAR STIMSON Operations on all fronts against the Axis are progressing favor ably, Secretary of War, Stimson said. He summarized as follows. The Germans have failed in all of their main objectives for the year in Russia and will have to withdraw from wide areas unless they can stop the Russian coun ter offensive. The allies are building up strong assault forces in Tunisia ao oust Axis, but the enemy there will offer strong resistance. American and Australian troops have cornered substantial numbers of Japanese troops between Gona and Buna in New Guniea. Although weather conditions ma ke extensive activity difficult in the Aleutians, American fliers are do ing everything possible to harass the enemy. Navy Secretary Knox said it unlikely that the Japanese can get reinforcements into Guadalcanal. Australian troops, advancing on Buna, have smashed Japanese co unter attacks, while allied bomb ers blasted enemy gun nests and mortar emplacements, Gen Mac Arthur’s new Guinea headquarterf reported November 28. Japanese Naval forces, however despite hea vy losses, have landed strong fresh reinforcements on the Buna Gona beachhead. Earlier allied airmen sank two and probably three tro op laden destroyers and definitely sank one other destroyer and two smaller xessels. communiques during tne week reported allied forces in North A frica destroyed 100 Axis planes and 21 medium tanks at the cost and four damaged. The War Depar tment estimated U. S. army and navy casualties from the initial landings in North African operat ions: Army, killed 350, wounded 900, missing 350, Navy killed, 10. wounded 150, missing 150. RATIONING President Roosevelt, in letters to Rubber Director Jeffers and Price Administrator Henderson, stated we must do everything wi thin our power to see that the mileage rationing program starts December first because victory must not be delayed through fail ure to support our fighting forces. Expanded passenger car tire and tuoe quotas for December to meet the needs in the first month of mileage rationing the plan under which virtually all passenger cars become eligible to P.pply for ne eded recapping services or repla cement tires, were announced by the Office of Price Administration. Rubber Director Jeffers stated that unless tires are conserved in the U. S. by nationwide ga3oline rationing until synthetic rubber production gets into full swing in 1944, the United Nations rubber i stockpile will be reduced to consi- ! derably below the point of reason able safety. In 1943, there will only be 30 million tires, including recaps, available for automobile, compared with a normal demand of 48 million million tires. If all goes well, Mr. Jeffers said, we should be able to allocate impor tant quantities of rubber for the manufacture of civilian tires in the early months of 1944. Thus if there is no hitch in the program, we should be able in June 1944, to re place in a large measure the auto mobile tires now in use on the 27 million passenger cars and the 5 million trucks aperating in the United States. The Office of Civilian Defense said that beginning November 30 2 million Civilian Defense Block Leaders will swing into action to carry on a coordinated national campaign, the Government’s Share the Meat Plan to every city town and village in the land. STABILIATION OF WAGES The War Labor Board delegated to War Secretary Stimson the po wer to rule upon all wage and salary adjustments of the mare than one million civilian employees in the U. S. and Alaska employed by the War Department, the Army Exchange Servoces and governm ent owned privately operatel baci lities of the department. The Bo ard issued a list of 29 industries employing 8 million workers in which its regional directors will be authorized to act on request for wage nicreases to correct mal adjustments by applying the lit tle steel formula without board review, THE ARMED FORCES War Secretary Stimson announ ced army furloughs will be granted between December 12 and January 12 to no more than 10 per cent of the enlisted strength of any camp or station at any time. Mr. Stimson said may young officers have been transferred from Wash ington jobs t combat duty, and they will con. ue to be tranhf er red until at least two thirds of the officers on duty in Washington will be men more than 35. The Federal Communications Commiss ion announced that after December 1, members of the armed forces and persons sending money to them will receive a 50 per cent rate reduction on domestic telegraph money orders up to $25. Selective Service registrants will be required to carry classification cards as well as registration cards with them at all times, beginning January 1. FARM PRODUCTION AND PRICES Agriculture Secretary Wickard announced 1943 Food For Freedom goals asking the highest produc tion in the history of American agriculture. The goals will shape next year’s farm production to the needs of the United Naotions and are aimed at maintaining or ex ceeding the record level attained this year. The 1943 corn acreage allotment for the commercial corn area will be 43,423,000 acres, as compared to 41,338,000 acres in order to insure feed for 1944 and beyond. To combat a critical butter sho rtage, the WPB prohibited dairy producers from distributing ship ping cream or other heavy cream. The order does not affect coffee cream an ddoes not apply to any farmer who delivers up to four quarts of heavy cream per day if his deliveries averaoged less than one gallon daily in the three mon ths ended November 25. TRANSPORTATION The Public Roads Administra tion said its surveys show the av erage speed of passenger cars on rural highways since the institu tion of the 35 mile an hour speed limit has been reduced to 37 miles per hour and trucks to 36 miles per hour. Another survey showed that in 12 war plants in six states the majority of the employment travel to work by automobile. Of fice of Defense Transportation Di rector Eastman recommended that busses and street cars space their stopping places in cities at distan ces from 600 to 1,200 feet. He said any distance less than 500 feet would be wasteful of rubber, gasb line and equipment. Gatesville News On Thanksgiving Day the Egypt Hill P. T. A. members and presi dent sponsored a delicious Plate Luncheon for the benefit of the school, rs. Margarea Ayers is pre sident. Mrs. Carrie Thomas of Gates ville was a'weekend visitor nn the home of her grandson, Mr. H. B. Brown who lives at 203 E. Hamil ton St., Jackson, recently. She re ports an enjoyable visit. -\/r„ ti t nnWr nf OOQ E. Hamilton St., 'Visited in the horn e of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Lackey of this community recently. L. A. Bass oif Jackson was a holiday visitor in Gatesville. He visited relatives and friends. Mrs. Minnie Ayers of Gatesville was a visitor in New Orleans sev eral days, where she was called to the bedside of her daughter, Mrs. Lucille Thomas. Mrs. Ayers was blessed to find her daughter much improved. Did you see the new rair-do that Geenlle Ayers wore Sunday? I tell you that it was a killer. Mr. Samuel Osgood and Mr. Neiree Brown are very famous with the girls in the senior class. If Nie ree Brown goes for Doroline Ward a certain boy in Jackson will go crazy. What would happen if two boys would get a leave from camp I know that two of the Lackey sisters would go crazy. All of the juniors advise you to purchase more war savings stamps and bonds, so the lights will soon go 9ii all over the world, By Bureau of Public Relations U. S. War Dept. Wash., D. O. HARMONIZING FOR VICTORY—Members of a singing quartet familiar at Lawrence religious and social gatherings were sworn into the Army at Fort Devens by Major Stanley Powlowski, left, post recruiting officer. The quartet from left, Haskell Kennedy, 21; Peter Smith, 20; Lee Murphy. 19: and William E. Medley, 18, all of Lawrence. 7th Educational Dist. Teachers’ Assn. Holds Meeting in Hazlehurst The seventh Educational Distri ct Teacher’s Association was held in the colored School of Hazle hurst, Friday and Saturday, No vember 27, 28, Prof. E. L. Parrish, Principal. The theme af the meet ing was Battling for Victory Thro ugh Education. Officers of the meeting were: Prof H. H. Lee, President, Prof. U. S. Johnson, Vive Pres., Miss Bernice Weaver, Sec., Prof. A. A. Alexander, Treasurer, Mr. T. H. Buckles, Chaplain, Miss Beatrice Mallard, Reporter. The meeting was divided into the following departments: Home Economics deuartment. Teching Home Econobics in Times of war, Mrs. L. S. Alexander, Mrs. Al lene Legette. Agricultural Depart ment, How the farmer can meet the war needs, Prof. J. C. Bun bar, Prof. T. E. Johnson. The home front in the Vocational Program, Prof. R. E. Alexander, Prof. E. M. Grimes. Music Deortment: The value of Music in the War Program, Prof. C. D. Higgins, Miss Thelma Ben jamin. P. T. A. Department: The im portance of P. T. A. to School in War time. Jeanes Teacher’s Department: The Jeanes teacher’s place in the School system, Prof. L. S. Alex ander, Miss Lillie M. Bryant. Athletic Department: Should less time be devoted to Athletics. Prof Owen D. Pelt., Prof. A. A. Alex ander. The program for the day wos as follows: 10: o’clock: Registration, 10:10 11:00. Song, Invocation, Remarks made by President, Prof. H. H. Lee. Welcome by Principal, Prof. E. L. Parrish. Minutes of last day’s session of previous meeting. Reports were made by the co unty presidents, Jeanes teachers, and Parent Teachers Association. Appointment of committees. Pres ident’s message, Introduction of Visitors. Adjourn for Dinner. In the Friday afternoon meeting which began at 1:30 P. M. Disqui sition, The military practices in the schools in the world at war was discussed by Prof W. W. Black burn. In the primary department me eting, the teaching of Phonics as an agency to reading was discus sed by Mrs. Ina Smith and Mrs. E. O. Busby. In the elementary department, The art of teaching reading, Mrs. B. B. Ard. The art of teaching arithmetic, Mrs. B. W. Ginn. The art of teaching Geography, Mrs. Fannie S. Gaydon. High school department, Acq By Bureau of Public Relations, U. 8. War Dept. Wash., D. O. OSCAR C. FISHER, Greensboro, N. C., a former commanding of ficer of Post 183, American Legion, awarded the Croix de Guerre with Palm, is back in the Army “to do all I can to prevent sabotage and stop the insidious propaganda aimed at my people by the Axis leaders,” uainting the adults with the Na tional emergency, Miss J. Meler son Guy, Prof. E. S. Reed. The Saturday’s meeting began at 9:30 A. M. After the invoca tion, Reports of Committees were made. Minutes of PTrst day’s ses sion read. Introduction of Visitors Election of officers. The districh Music contest was conducted by Prof C. D. Higgins. Alcorn Prexy Addresses Educators President William H. Bell addr essed the West Tennessee Educa tional' Congress on Friday, Nov ember 27, the second day of the three day meeting which convened at Lane College, Jackson, Tenn. In his speech, President Bell str essed the things which youth of today should be taught. “The Peace of Education in a Nation at War” was the theme of the Congress. Chamber Of Commerce Will Meet Tuesday The Jackson Negro Chomber of Commerce will meet Tuesday, Dec ember 8, 1942 in Dr. C. L. Barnes’ office, N. Farish St. All members are urged to please be present. Areas equalling five states are bought by services since Decem ber 7. I USO Young Women’s Group Is Active Here The Girls’ Service Organizzation of the USO Club, operated by YMCA is one of the most popular organizations of the city, and its membership boasts of the most popular yound ladies of the city. This club was organized some months ago and is under the cap able leadership of Miss Lula Mae Hopkins, a member of the Jack son Public School System, and a ranking member of the Sigma Gamma Rho Soi >rity. The follow ing persons wer» elected as affi cers. Miss Barb ra A. Beadle, President, Miss Muriel Cypress, Secretary. To date the elm has engaged in many mapor acti\ *5«s. Some of these activities are t act as so cial partners for dances, game ni ghts, and social events of the USO program; plan special parties and decorations; assist at dancing and bridge classes; aid in colection of books, mlagazines, flowers, and o ther articles to help improve the building; work with hobby groups and to adopt special GSO pro jects for holidays or events to sti mulate interest and realize a wor they objective. The purpose of the GSO is to cooperate withe the USO’s recrea tional program for men in the services of their country. The GSO girls are easily identified by their official pin which has the form of a shield with blue letters mou nted on a gold background. Applications for membership are accepted by Miss Hopkins, and passed on by the official committ ee of evaluation. Negro Men Join U. S. Navy Here The following men enlisted in the Navy at the Jackson Recruit ing Station on dates indicated: Robert Frank Tyler, age 34, 213 E. Minnesata St., Brookhaven, No vember 24, 1942. “Seabees” Con struction Battalion) Machinists Mate 2nd. Class. James Excell Tyler, age 35, 149 E. Cohea St., Jackson, Miss., No vember 23. Joined the Seabees, Construction Battalion, Shipfitter 2nd class. Alfonso Triplett, age 20, Route 2, Box 112, Hollandale, Miss., No vember 20, 1942. Joined as musi cian, 2nd class. ' Howard Clark, age 29, Vaughn, Miss., November 23. Joined the Seabeee, Construction Battalion, Machinists Mate 2nd. class. Edward Frederick Owens, age 32, 803 Lynch St., Jackson, Miss. November 23. Joined in the Sea bees, Carpenter’s Mate 2nd. class. By RurAu of PnbMe Relations, U. 8. War Dept.. Waah., D. C. CALIFORNIA HERE WE COME—Right to left, Jay E. Blakey, Pasadena, promoted to Corporal Joseph E. Crawford. Los Angeles, promoted to Sergeant; Arnett W. Starks, Jr., Los Angeles, promote* to Corporal; and Charles M. Earley, Eos Angeles, promoted to Sergeant. Negro Masons Close Largest Session In Miss. History December 11 First Date Of Sixth Registration State headquarters of selective service emphasizes the date set for the sixth registration by the proclamation of the President. In practically all instances, the registration is to be accomplished at the local board office, unless for various reasons the chairman of the local board designates and pu blicly announces some other place. The same procedure and regula tions governing the sixth registra tion which is being acomplished each week beginning December 11 and ending December 31, and there after, as each registrant attains the 18th anniversary of the date of his birth, will be the same as has been previously used. Persons to register are as fol lows: Those who were born on or af ter July 1, 1924, but not after Aug ust 31, 1924, shall be registered on any day during the week commen cing Friday, December 11, 1942, and ending Thursday, December 17, 1942. Those who were born on or af ter September 1, 1924, but not after October 31, 1924, shall regis ter on any day during the week commencing Friday, December 11, 1942, and ending Thursday, Decem ber 24, 1942. Those who were bom on or after November 1, 1924, but not after December 31, 1924, shall be registered on any day during the period commencing Saturday, De cember 26, 1942 and ending Thu rsday, December 1942. During the continuance of the present war, those who were born on or after January 1, 1925, shall register on the day they attain the 18th anniversary of the day of their birth; provided, that if such anniversary falls on a Sunday or a legal holiday, their registration shall take place on the day follow ing that if not a Sunday or a le gal holiday. The hours of registration will be between 9:00 a. m. and 5:00 p. m. Funeral Services Are Held For Mr. Dudley Funches Funeral services for Mr. Dudley Funchess, well known citizen of Ja ckson, were held Tuesday, Decem ber 1, at 2:30 P. M. at Christ Temple Church, Bishop Thurmond and Rev. Johnson pastor, officia ting. Mr. Funchess, a devout Chris tian and member of Christ Temple church died suddenly, his death coming as a great shock to his family and many friends. He was the husband of Mrs. Willie Fun chess and father of several chil dren. Active pall bearers were: Willie Hampton, Charlie Buntin, Willie Atkinson, Mannie Lewis, John Al exander and Walter Hudson. Honorary pall bearers were: Bro thers Stewart White, E. Dixon, J. E. Conic, Eugene Dixon, Sam Tho mas, Essex McNeamer. Arraingements were in charge of Frazier and Collins Funeral Home. Interment was in Mt. Olive Cemetery. A kind and loving father and husband, a faithful Christian and friend, Mr. Funches will be geat ly missed. Alcorn Observes Annual Homecoming Alcorn observed its annual ho mecoming last Saturday with a contest between the Leland Bull dogs and the Alcorn Braves. “Miss Alcorn” Mattie Bious, a comely senior from Natchez, Mis sissippi, reigned over the tilt after she had been crowned queen of the day. and presented the campus keys by president William H. Bell. Her attendants were Miss Zeon obia Antoine, a freshman, Pass Christian; Dorothy Mae Lee, so phomore, Jackson; Doris L. Jam ars, puniar, Me Comb; and Vernon Ruth Matthews, Durant. F. B. I. Reveals the seizure of 12,000 aliens in first year of The largest delegation in the history of Negro Masonry in Miss issippi, attended the annual Gra nd Lodge Session of the M. W. King Hiram Grand Lodge, A. F, and A. M. in Jackson, beginning Sunday, November 15. A crowd of more than 200 delegates from al over the state, assembled in Ja ckson to witness this big celebra tion. A colossal parade from the Ma sonic Hall, 119 N. Farish St. to the Pearl Grove M. B. Church wh ere a program was rendered by various members of the Grand Lo dge, was the highlight of the day. This program consisted of sel ections by the choir and the Gos pei Chorus and the Jackson Sa cred Band. The Principal address of this meeting was made by 111. Clarence Winters, G. S. who is will informed along Masonic lines. He gave a favorable report of the progress that has been made by the M. W. King Hiram Grand Lodge since the last annual ses sion. An interesting and timely message was given in behalf of El ectra Grand Chapter. O. E. S., wor king under the Jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge, by Mrs. Ora Reese, R. G. M. Presiding over the Sunday’s me eting was 111. J. C. McClendon, G. M. who stated that he wTas proud of the success that has been made by the organization, which has not only been a credit to its mem bers, but to the race as a whole. An organization that is up holding the following principles on which it was founded: 1. All members have free spe ech. 2. The organization shall be free from dictatorship. 3. Annual election or reelection of all officers. 4. Annual report of all collec tions and disbursements. 5. A legal National Affiliation for its members. ft X7A1 r*O A^ oil i f o rv» r\v-v\ heard at all times. 7. Donations madet to deceased brothers widows and children, ac cording to the Constitution and by-laws governing same. Claims for deceased brothers paid to the widows or beneficiaries since the last Grand Lodge Ses sion are as follows: Lee Booker, A. P. Northrip, Syl vester Scott, Alex Flint, and Wal lace Gorden. All of the deceased brother’s widows and children have received more than one hundred dollars each. The delegates coming form every section of the state, were given interesting and inspiring reports from the delegates who attended the National Meeting of the Lodge held in October in Jacksonville, Florida. The officers and members of the M. W. King Hiram Graind Lo dge and Electra Grand Chapter takes this means of thanking the Mayor, City officials and police department of Jackson for their fine cooperation with the Grand Lodge. The members of Pilgrim Lodge No. 11 assembled at the Masonic Hall 119 1-2 N. Farish St., Sun day, November 15th, 1942, at 10 A. M. to attend the funeral of their deceased brother, Wallace Gordon at the College Hill Bap tist Church Washington Addition the Rev. Jones officiatning. The records show that Bro. Gor don was confined to bed for one week and received a donation of $10.25 from tne Lodge. The fun eral expenses including the grave was paid by the M. W King Hiram Grand Lodge. Rev. Jones, pastor, donated $8.65 for his service. The merbers of the Pilgrim Lo dge No. 11 wish to express their appreciation to Br. C. H. Garrett of Justice Lodge No. 24 at Green ville, Miss., for participating in the burial ceremony Pilgrim Lodge No. 11 has grown to be one of the biggest and bets Subordinate Lodges existing thro ughout tne state cf Mississippi, under the Juris v.ctior. of the M W. King Hiram Grand Lodge, with the cooperation of such members as Lewis Colman, Curtis Davis, Mil ton Holmes, Alor.za Newsome, Ros coe Spencer, Wilue Shelton, Ches ter Jones, Leslie Ja'.kson and other young n;*n of the Loije Meeting nights are the first and third Tues 11/ night in each moi.tn. M. Hoi ms, See. Women war workers will total ; 7,000,000, Mrs. Herrick predicts.