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^^MISSISSIPPI . SITERPRISE 31E VOLUME 5—NO. 11 ''3Tlininv . ' ■■■ - • —T _ __ SATURDAY, MAY 1, 1943 _ PRICE 5 CENTS HARMONIAS 17th ANNUAL MUSIC FESTIVAL TO BEGIN MONDAY, MAY 3rd A Week ©fi Tke Wan? The barbarous execution by the Japanese of some of the eight Am erican aviators captured after Ma jor General James H. Doolittle’s raid on Tokyo on April 18, 1942, brought expressions of deepest hor ror from high United States offi cials. Our State Department, in a vigourous protest, warned the Japa nese that officers of that govern ment wl?o were responsible for this savage cruelty would be held fully responsible and would get the pun ishment they deserve. Discovery of this latest inhumane action by the Japanese followed closely the announcement that the aircraft car rier “Hornet,” since lost, was the “Shangri-La” from which the planes took off to bomb Tokyo. All but one of the bomhbers in that raid made crash or forced landings, but 64 of the 80 men participating were saved. It was indicated that all of the eight men captured by the Japanese were tortured and those not executed have been sen tenced to prison. Air raids by U. S. forces on Kis ka, the Aelutian Base which the Japs are frantically attempting to prepare for further attacks on Am erican territory, increased in inten sity last week. In one day, fifteen raids left great fires burning on the Jap Air Base nearing completion. Allied fliers in the Southwest Pacific from April 11 to 15 had de stroyed or damaged 128 Japanese Planes, 19 ships, including nine war ships, and probably damaged 12 more boats. Tunisia One of the greatest air battles in history was won by Allied fight ers near Cape Bon, Tunisia, when they shot down 74 Axis planes and damaged 30 more. Fifty-eight junkers—52 transports were among the planes brought down. The tot al of Axis planes destroyed during one day was 96, and in three days 142. Only eleven Allied planes were lost to the Axis 96. The British Eighth Army contin ued its two-pronged drive against Rommel’s defenses. The British '.re pulsed a number of despei.tte counter-attacks. United Nations now hold com plete air mastery over the enemy in the Northwest Africa theater of war, according to Lieut. General Carl A. A. Spaatz. Since March 20, when the Battle of the Mareth Line began, 519 Axis planes have been sent down by Allied fliers, and another 1,000 planes have been de stroyed or damaged on the ground. This activity has cost the Allies on ly 175 planes. Russia The Soviets reported destruction of 302 Axis planes in one week and admitted the loss of 103 of their own aircrfat. German attempts to halt the Russians in the Kuban Area of the Western Caucasus were unsuccessful. To Speak To Soldiers At USO Sunday According to a release sent out hv Director Georee Edwards nf the local USO club, the Soldiers at the Jackson Air Base, will have the pleasure of hearing Prince Nya bongo, native of East Africa, Sun day at the USO at 2:30 p. m. Born in Kabarole, Toro, Uganda, East Africa, under the shadow of the Rwenzali mountains, the fa mous mountains of the moon 1 Prince Nyabongo is the brother of a present tribal potentate and de sendant of a long line of African Kings. His education has been of a va ried sort, first attending Mengc High School at Kempala and King's College Budo in Uganda. Finishing his education at home he came tc America and remained at Howard University for four years, after which he went to Yale where he spent three years. From Yale he went to the University of Oxford England and obtained the B. Litt Degree which he received in 1940. Prince Nyabongo has traveled extensively in Africa, Asia and the ers College in Montgomery, Ala bama since 1940 in the Social Sci been teaching at the State Teach entire continent of Europe. He has ence Department. Texas has nearly 17,000 miles oi railroad and leads all states of the Union in this respect. k Prentiss Inst. Holds 35th Commencement The 35th annual commencement exercises of the Prentiss Institute i were held during the week, April 23, thru April 29. The baccalaureate sermon was de ; livered by Dr. S. H. Jones, pastor j of the First Baptist Church, Brook j haven. j The annual picnic and class day • program was held on the 28th of April. On that same evening the Alumni banquet was featured. On Thursday, April 29, Mr. J. A. Travis, Asst. State Agent, State De partment of Education addressed the graduating classes. A large num ber of young people received diplo mas this year, the majority of them being girls. Pvt. Mission C. Bournes, who was chosen valedictorian of the High School, represented the High school department. He was able to be pre sent thru permission granted by his commanding officer. Pvt. Bournes is stationed in New Orleans. Miss Bernice Bryant represented the Teacher-Training class. Former students of Prentiss In stitute, now serving in the armed services are: Sgt. John Rufus, who was a recent campus visitor. He has returned to the mainland after a stay in the Hawaiian Islands. He is stationed in California. He will be remembered as bass singer with the Prentiss Singers. Sgt. Archie Mclnnis, also former basso of the Prentiss Singers is stationed at Camp Walters, Texas. Pvt. William (Bill) Crosby, form er booking agent of the singers is stationed in the Hawaiian Islands. Sgt. Horace Bridges, has been fighting in New Guinea for the past eight months. His brother Ho race is now in England. Sgt. Alonzo Page has been in In dia for a long time. Sgt. Abraham Campbell, former tenor, is in North Africa. Sgt. Lovell Gray, is stationed at the Jackson Air Base. Pvt. A. L. Bohannon is in Texas. Sgt. S. A. Simms, is stationed in New York state. Malcolm is in the navy. Pvt. Johnnie Funches is at Camp Breckenridge, Ky. Pvt. C. L. Otis is at the Air Base in New Orleans. Pvt. Lee Poyer Camper, is now in Liberia. Sgt. K. C. Odell is in In dia. Capt. John B. Falconer, recent ly arrived in Liberia. Sgt. John C. Sims is stationed in New Orleans. Prof. Hughussie Harrien has re turned to the campus after having been honorably discharged from the army. Prof. A. W. Downs has re signed from the faculty and has gone to Camp Robert Small, 111., where he is taking his basic train ing in the navy camp. Alcorn Prexy To Serve American Palestine Com. ALCORN, Miss., April 24—At the request of Senator Robert Wagner, chairman, and Senator Charles L. McNary, co-chairman of the Am erican Palestine committee, Presi dent William H. Bell of Alcorn Col lege was recently invited to become a member of the committee. The American Palestine committee, which serves as a vehicle for ex pressing the good will of the Amer ican people for the Jewish Nation al Home in Palestine, has a mem bership of more than 800 men and women prominent in every sphere of life. In accepting the invitation to join the committee, President Bell wrote “As a member of the largest minor ity group in America and because the experience of my people in many respects parallels that of your own with reference to its effort to achieve freedom and enjoy so cial justice, I deem it an honored privilege to accept your invitation to membership on the American Palestine Committee.” Pres. Bell To Address Green Annex Grads. ALCORN, Miss. April 24— On Mav 4, President ’William H. Bell, Alcorn A. & M. College, will ad dress the R. H. Green graduating (class of the Mississippi Baptist Hospital, Jackson, Miss. On June 4, he will address the graduates of the Magnolia High school, Moss Point, Miss. In the picture above are shown the three young nurses who are members of the graduating class of the Mississippi Baptist Hospital School of Nursing, and who invite their many friends to attend their graduation exercises on Tuesday evening, the fourth of May, 1943, at eight o’clock, Central Methodist Church. The graduates are: Miss Nellie Maxine Smith, daughter of Mr. Wil liam Smith of Brookhaven. Miss Smith is a former resident of Can ton, Miss., and a member of the 1939 graduating class of Cameron Street High School. Miss Leonia Moore, daughter of Mrs. John Moore, Canton, Miss. Miss Moore was a member of the 1937 graduating class of Cameron Street High School of Canton. Miss Martha Maye Mitchell, daugh ter of Mrs. Patsy Mutchell, 920 Monroe Street, Jackson, Mississippi. Miss Mitchell was a graduate of the 1940 class of Lanier High school. t President Wm. H. Bell of Alcorn A. & M. College will be the gradu ation speaker. Miss Maxine Smith, salutatorian and Miss Martha Maye Mitchell, valedictorion. The public is cordially invited to attend the graduating exercises, Central M. E. Church, Rev. A. L. Holland, pastor, Tuesday, May 4, 1943. Negro Soldiers Have 108 USO Clubs Negroes serving their country in the armed forces of the United States enjoy recreational opportuni ties at 108 special USO clubs throughout the country, Henry W Pope, consultant for Negro Ser vices at USO national headquarters in New York, announced today. “Negroes who have joined the ranks of those fighting to preserve democracy have received the at tention of USO from the day of its formation more than two years ago,” Mr. Pope said. “As camps for Negro soldiers have increased in size and number, USO has en deavoi'ed to meet the needs of the men for leisure-time recreation. To date, 14 per cent of total USO operations is engaged in serving Negroes, and Negroes constitute 12 per cent of USO volunteers. “The latest report for which sta tistics are available discloses that the total attendance at 108 clubs for Negroes now exceeds 1,000.000 monthly or an average of about 10, 000 per club. This figure includes volunteers and repeat visits of Ne gro soldiers. In addition, many Negroes make use of other clubs where no separate count is kept. “Directed by a staff of 132 pro fessionallly trained workers, and assisted by a crops of 53,000 volun teers, the programs offer a wide range of activities. Dances and so cial gatherings of all kinds are held. Movies are popular. Religious pro grams are also well attended. “A long list of other activities are reported by the clubs, such as community sings, talent night, mu sic appreciation hour, handicrafts, lectures and forums, card parties, tail-tales hour, bingo, ping pong and bowling tournaments, camera clubs, quizzicales, and many oth ers. “Taking place in pleasant, home like surroundings, in the company of volunteerhostesses, all these ac tivities go a long way to help brighten the off-duty hours of these troops from which they return with reshened spirits to their military duties. “USO clubs include comfortable lounges, writing rooms with free USO stationery, showers, game rooms, snack bars and social halls. Some clubs have a rent-a-bike ser vice, a free camera loan service, free checking, irons and ironing boards, shoe shine stands and oth er welcome and handy conven iences. “An important feature of all USO clubs is information service. More than 67,000 information ser vices were given at 108 USO clubs for these soldiers in a recent month for which full data is at hand. This includes advice on rooms,trans por tation and ‘where to go and how to get there’ in the local town. “Service men often have person al problems about which they wish to consult an older person. The door of the USO club director is ] always open for this purpose. More | than 11,000 soldiers were given per- | sonal counsel in the 108 clubs, ac cording to the latest monthly re port. “The report also showed that | 24.285 persons were given religious material, 326,986 pieces of USO sta tionery were used in writing let ters home, and that sleeping ac commodations were used 5,594 times.” USO policies for service to Ne groes are reviewed by an advisory committee including: Walter Rov ing, chairman; Judge Hubert T. Delany, of the USO Board of Di rectors; Dr. Channing H. Tobias and Jay A. Urice, ofjthe Y. M. C. A.; Louis Kraft, of the Jewish Wel fare Board; Frank E. Crane and Ralph Metcalfe, famous athelete, of the National Catholic Community Service; Brigadier William Parkins, of the Salvation Army; Mrs. Louise Cochran, of the Y. W. C. A.; Miss Bertha McCall, of the National Travelers Aid Association, and Hen ry W. Pope, of USO, secretary. Pratt Memorial’s Pastor, College Night, Speaker N The Reverend Whalon H. Black man, Pastor of Pratt Memorial "lY/Totki i cf PhiivoVi nn Pncporinnlo Street, will be the College Night speaker, for the Negro Colleges of Holly Springs, Mississippi on Fri day night April 30, 1943. College Night has become an important in stitution in the life of the students on the Campus of the two colleges located in the town of Holly Springs. The subject of the address to be delivered by Reverend Black man will be “The Essential Equip ments’’ for a Post-War World”. The Reverend J. H. Graham, a graduate of Clark College, Gimmon Theolog ical Seminary, and Drew Theologi cal Seminary, at the latter institu tion he received his A.M. degree, is the College Pastor. Board One Calls More Registrants The following registrants were called to report for physical exami nation this week: George James Powell, Elester Singleton, Robert Jackson, Earnest Booze, Rudolph Jackson, Jack Hayes, Elbert Stewart, John Hen ry Lewis. Fred Cooper, Walter Wells, Earl Jones Howard Magee, Othus Ster lin White, Arthur Douglass Bynum, George McQueen, Tommie Hulitt. William Parker, Cleo Lanier An derson, Isaac Lenwood, Huey Wal ter Triggs, Leon Taylor, Percy Lee King, John Paul Sutton, George Cole, Isiaii Reed. Dedication At Pearl St. Church All Day Sunday BENJAMIN J. NOLEN, Pastor. Sunday, May 2, 1943, will be a high day for the Pearl Street A. M. E. Church, for on that day the newly remodeled church will be officially dedicated, with Bishop S. L. Greene, LLLd., persiding Bishop of the Eighth Episcopal Dis trict of the African Methodist Epis copal church, embracin the States of Louisiana, and Mississippi, de livering the Dedicatroy sermon. Bishop Green has presided over this district fo twelve years and it has been his great desire to see the properties of Pearl Street church improved. In the afternoon at 3:30 p. m., there will be a splendid program at their unveling hour. The mu sical departments and presidents of Campbell College, Jackson and Tougaloo Colleges will be among those in the program. Other guests and churches and organizations will be featured on the program also. The unveiling of the plaque or stone will be conducted by the M. W. Stringer Grand Lodge of Mis sissippi, A. L. 5943. The day of dedication will close during the evening’s service at 8:00 p. m., with Rev. B. J. Nolen, pastor, or guest delivering a spe cial sermon. Music at this service will be furnished by the church chaoir and Campbell College. On this same program remarks will be made by the president of Camp bell College. The Pearl Street A. M. E. Church and city of Jackson has nothing but praise for Pastor Nolen, for he has accomplished a great work in this city. Coming to Pearl Street in November, about a year and a half ago he found a task that called for a real man’s strength. The public and church members had talked and wondered about a new church for years and previous worthy pas tors tried to realize this dream. Pastor Nolen who had been use to assuming and doing great work in the way of organizing, financing and building, surveyed -the situa tion and immediately set out to accomplish what was felt to be al most impossible, especially since the United States declared war and levied restrictions on materials, etc., within six weeks after Pastor Nolen’s assignment. But despite all of this, the Pearl Street church now dedicates a virtually new edi fice. Pastor Nolen has the experience, ability, vision and leadership and if this great church continues to follow his lead it will reach even further and higher heights. We appeal to the whole city of Jackson to go out Sunday and give this worthy Pastor and congrega tion the honor and support they so well deserve. Proposals For The 1943 Summer Session In Jackson Public Schools The summer school program for the Jackson Secondary Schools has heretofore been primarily design ed to benefit retarded pupils who had failed subjects and others who needed extra credit for classifica tion purposes. The proposed sum mer program for 1943 will still pro vide such opportunities. In addi tion, however, the program for 1943, and perhaps for the duration, will provide opportunities for superior students who wish to complete the senior high school program in less time than the traditional three years. Schedule of Classes According to the proposed pro gram the summer session with a tital of 60 days in length would be divided into two terms of 5 weeks each, beginning Monday, June 14 and closing Saturday, August 21, 1943. Classes should be conducted 6 days each week, Monday through Saturday. The daily sessions should be divided into five hours for reg ular pupils and six hours for teach ers, thus making it possible for reg* ular pupils to devote four hours to recitations and at least one extra hour to library study. Such a ched ule would allow a total of 120 l-eci tation hours for each unit of work earned, which is in conformity with the regulations of the State Ac crediting Commission. Classes would begin each day at 8:00 a. m. ,and end at 2:45 p. m., allowing a 15-minute morning intermission, and a 30-minutes intermission for lunch and assembly as shown in the following schedule: 8:00 a. m. to 9:00 a. m; 9:00 a. m. to 10:00 a. m; 15 minutes intermis sion; 10:15 a. m., to 11:15 a. m; 11:15 a. m., to 12:15 p. m.; 30 minutes lunch and assembly period 12:45 p. m., to 1:45 p. m.; 1:45 p. m. to 2:45 p. m. First term—June 14 to July 17, 1943. Second Term—July 19 to August 21, 1943. Pupils Eligible for Summer Work It would not be advisable to en (Continued on page Two) Public School Night At Lanier To Draw Large Crowd Easter Service With Soldiers At Flora At the invitation of Chaplain Striblin. Dr. A. L. Holland and Dr. W. P. Whitfield were guests at a Sunrise Service on Easter Sunday at which Chaplain Newman was host. An out-door service had been planned and twelve hundred men attened. The Glee Club of Central Methodist Church took part in the service. The setting for this ser vice was beautiful, one of the men directed the singing in a masterly fashion and the soldiers all joined in the singing the “Old Rugged Cross” and several other songs for the occasion. Dr. Whitfield, read the scripture and offered prayer and Dr. Holland gave the sermon. The Glee Club rendered two se lections. At the close of the service Dr. Holland introduced the guest who was in the party which are: Dr. C. B. Christian, Dr. and Mrs. E. W. Johnson, Prof. O. B. Cob bins, Mrs. Z. E. Momon, Mrs. Wil lie Rudd, Mrs. Alice Lattermore, Mrs. Elease Thomas, Mrs. Virgie Brumfield, Mrs. Florence Hender son, Mrs. Virginia Shannon, Miss Susie Whisenton, Mr. and Mrs. I. Harmon, Mrs .Jessie Mae Dent. The soldiers were delighted to re ceive the clothes hangers which Rev. Holland had gotten up from the schools and from other friends, which numbered 1100 and that many more have been received since and will be given to the men. X Ui VJI -tigui UUUU1CU Will uc IlCt'U ed, and if any one has a hanger or two that you are willing to give this may be given to Rev. Holland who will see that they reach the camp. Negro Gun Crew In An Attack That Sunk Sub. Jackson, Miss., April 23, 1943— A crew of eleven Negro enlisted men of the United S les Guard participated in the attach. the German submarine which was rammed and sunk by the cutter CAMPBELL. Reports received at Coast Guard Headquarters reveal that the Negro gun crew fired sev eral I'ounds at the U-boat and scor ed telling hits which ,aided in the destruction of the submarine. The crew was in charge of Louis C. Etheridge, Jr., Officers’ Stew ard, 1st Class, of 327 Putnam Ave nue, Brooklyn, New York. Other members of the crew were: Raymond L. Knott, Officers’ steward, 2nd Class, 491 Dunbar St., S. W., Atlanta, Georgia. Lester E. Carr, Mess Attendant, 1st Class, 3634 South State St., Chicago, Illinois. Johnnie R. Elliott, Mess Attend ant, 1st Class, 815 Layton Avenue 1\/Tnnrno T nuicionn Arthur F. Galloway, Mess At tendant, 1st Class, 20 Morningside Avenue, New York, N. Y. Cleveland Powell, Mess Attend ant, 1st Class, 915 Gaiennie St., New Orleans, Louisiana. James W. Spence, Mess Attend ant, 1st Class, 593 Church St., Nor folk, Va. Coy W. Allen, Mess Attendant, 2nd Class, 1622 West 1st St., Miami, Fla. William F. Fitzpatrick, Mess At tendant, 2nd Class, 642 Livingstone St., Detroit, Michigan. Earl W: Phillips, Mess Attendant, 2nd Class, 1658 North West 6th Court, Miami, Florida. Willie J. Samuel, Mess Attendant, 2nd Class, 211 North West 5th Ter race, Miami, Fla. Ration Book 3 War Ration Book No. 3 will be distributed by mail. Mailmen will leave postcard application forms at every home between May 20 and June 5. The cards, properly filled cut by the head of the house and mailed to OPA, will bring the new ration books, a replacement book only, containg a new supply of stamps, to take the place of tho. e now being used. Harmonia Club, Inc., has an nounced its 16th Annual Music Festival which will begin Monday, May 3, at 8:00 p. m., and continue thru Friday, May 7. The week’s program is as fol lows: Monday night, May 3, 8:00 p. m.— Public School Night, Lanier High School. Tuesday, May 4. 4:00 p. m.— Matinee, Farish Street, Baptist Church: 8:00 p. m., Junior Program, Jackson College. Wednesday, May 5, 8:00 p. m.— City Talent Program. Pearl Street A. M. E. Church. Thursday, May 6, 8:00 p. m.— Choir Program, Central M. E. Church. Friday, May 7, 8:00 p. m.—Col lege Program. A Pageant Portray ing. The Negroes contribution to Mu sic and Art, City Auditorium. Admission free to all of these programs. However, a silver offer ing will be asked. Harmonia Club, Inc., is one of the most outstanding organizations in the state. The club roster being made up of some of the city’s best musical talent. It was this club who contributed much to the suc cessful appearance of Miss Marian Anderson, world's greatest contral to, at the City Auditorium two summers ago, as well as to other affairs that bring to Jackson and the state the best in musical talent and ability. Mrs. Edna Redmond is president. Funeral Services For Mrs. Allen Held Sunday Funeral services were held at the Peoples Funeral Home Chapel Sun day, April 25. at 2 p. m., forMrs. Rosg Lee Allen, W. Hamilton street, who passed away last week at the Green Annex. Mrs'. Allen’s death came as a great ; shock to her many friends, as she had apparently been in good health up until the day of her death. Rev. J. H. Robinson, officiated. essrs. J. D. Hicks, bafti WatiMils, John Reid, Windson Jones, Earl Peterson, Ed ward Lee. Flower girls were: Edna Harvey, Eddie Mae Sims, Lola Mae Stev ans, Marie Hayes, Dorothy Triplett, Willie Ruth Cook. Mrs. Allen is survived by a hus band, Mrs. Silas Allen, a mother, a daughter, Mrs. Annie Lee Walk er, a granddaughter, Miss Margue rite Ransom, many other relatives and a host of friends. Interment was in Elmwood cem etery with arrangements in charge of Peoples Funeral Home. Three Indicted On Charges Of Brutality The Department of Justice an nounced Friday April 23. 1943, that a Federal Grand Jury at Montgom ery, Ala., had returned three in dictments charging Sheriff Edwin Eugene Evans and Deputy Sheriff Henry Franklin Faucett of Macon County, Ala., with acts of brutali ty toward prisoners over a period of three years. The case was de veloped as a result of an F. B. I. investigation requested by Assist ant Attorney General Wendell Berge. The three indictments charge, on fifteen counts, that the sheriff and his deputy whipped, beat and abus ed prisoners to extort confessions from them, in violation of the Fed eral Civil Rights Statute, Section 52, Title 18. U. S. Code. The maxi mum penalty under this statute is imprisonment for oi 3 year and a fine of $1000, on each count. According to the indictements, the brutality of the defendants ex tended to both white and Negro prisoners, including Walter Gunn, a Negro, who was shot and killed by Sheriff Evans while attempting to arrest him. The indictments al lege that the beatings were admin istered with ;a walking stick, a (Continued on Page Two)