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H- ^ MISSISSIPPI ; NTERPRISE =r
VOLUME 5- NO 17 SATTTRnAY TT1NE 12 - ' - - ' -■■■■ — ■ 1 - - ’ _ PRICE 5 CENTS MORE THAN THIRTY-FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS RAISED AT BOND-STAMP TEA National War Labor Board Issues Ruling Againts Wage Classification Of AH Races Opinion Given In Petroleum Company’s Case The National War Labor Board today unanimously ruled that wage classifications based solely on dif ference in race were without valid ity, and ordered the abolition of pay differentials between white and Negro workers performing equal work. The board directed the Southport Petroleum Company of Texas City, Texas, to grant wage increases to its Negro employees which would “place them on a basis of economic parity with the white workers in the same classification.” In a far-reaching opinion. Dr. Frank P. Graham, public member of the board and president of the University of North Carolina, ex plained the board’s decision. Dean Wayne L. Morse, public member, who did not participate in the de cision on this case, asked special permission to be recorded as con curring in Dr. Graham’s opinion. The text of the opinion follows: Opinion In this small but significant case the National War Labor Board abolishes the classification “colored laborer” and “white laborer” and reclassifies both simply as “labor ers” with the same rate of pay for all in that classification without discrimination on account of color. The Negro workers in this classi fication are hereby granted wage increases which place them on a basis of economic parity with the white workers in the same classifi cation. This wage increase is made without regard to the “Little Steel” formula, but with regard simply for the democratic formula of equal . pay for work equal in quantity and quality in the same classifica tion. This equalization of economic opportunity is not a violation of the sound American provision of dif ferentials in pay for differences in skills. It is rather a bit of realiza tion of the no less sound American principle of equal pay for equal work as one of those equal rights in the promise of American democ racy regardless of color, race, sex, religion, or national origin. The unanimous decision is in line with the President’s executive order 8802; with the general policy of the board, with the union’s re quest, with the recommendation of the referee, Dr. Thomas J. Regusa; with the unanimous recommenda tion of the review committee com posed of representatives of labor, industry, and the public; with pro phetic Americanism; and with the cause of theh United Nations. To the credit of the company this de cision, along with other decisions in the case, is accepted by manage ment in good faith and spirit. The board directed the company to institute a reclassification sys tem and to grant in each classifi cation a wage increase of either 5 per cent or 4 per cent, whichever is higher. These increases will not bring the rates at the Southport field above the minimum of the wage bracket in the prevailing range of rates for other oil fields in the area. The company’s employees are represented by the Oil Workers International (CIO). Automobile Stamps Go On Sale, June 10 Automobile owners were remind ed this week by the internal reve nue division that it will be illegal to operate cars after June 30 un less $5 use tax stamps have been purchased for the 1944 fiscal year. The stamps, third in the series, went on sale Thursday in the post offices and at the offices of in ternal revenue collectors. Post of fices will sell for cash only over the counter, but stamps may be purchased by mail from internal revenue offices. Brookhaven Lt. Assigned To Army Air Field TUSKEGEE ARMY AIR FIELD, Ala.—Second Lieutenant Claude O. Allen was recently assigned to the Tuskegee Army Air Field where he will undergo a course in Army flight training as a student officer. He was inducted into the Army in January, 1941, and was assigned to the 24th Infantry where he pro gressed to the grade of a sergeant. Provin ghimself as an efficient and capable non-commissioned officer he was appointed to the Infantry Officers’ Candidate School at Fort Benning, Ga., on April 23, 1942. and receive dhis commission on July 21, 1942. His mother, Mrs. Maude C. Bryant, resides at 629 Washington street, Brookhaven, Miss. To Preach In Yazoo City Rev H. L. Davis, outstanding young pastor of the state, who will preach at the St. Peter Baptist Church, Yazoo City, June 14. j Rev. Davis has been invited to deliver one of his soul-stirring ser mons at this church, made famous by his beloved deceased pastor, Rev. I. Moody, by Mrs. Craig, a devout member of the church. Rev. Davis is President of Lin coln County S. S. and B. T. U. Con gress, Executive Board Member of the General Baptist Convention, Song Leader in the Ministers De partment, National S. S. and B. T. U. Congress and pastors the fol lowing churches: Mt. Herman, Mc Comb, Shilo, Osyha, New Zion Union, Bogue Chitto ond Campbell Hill, Winona. His message will be one that all Christians will want to hear. 17 th Annual Meet Of Presbyterian Women Closes The 17th Annual Christian Con ference of Negro Women, which this year had as its theme, “Putting First Things First,” closed Sunday night at Jackson College with a candlelight consecration service, conducted by Mrs. R. E. Hinds of the First Presbyterian church. The conference is conducted by the women’s auxiliary, Synod of Mis sissippi, Presbyterian church, U. S., and had as its director this year, Mrs. George Love. In exercises Saturday night di plomas were presented to eight delegates, and certificates were presented to 65 who attended every session this year. Seventy-three delegates from over the state were in attendance at this year’s conference, and heard such outstanding speakers as R. G. LeTourneau, Dr. Robert Price and Dr. Girard Lowe of. the First Pres byterian church. Graduates From Charity Hospital School Of Nursing ft ,. In the picture above are shown the three young nurses who gradu ated from the Charity Hospital School of Nursing, Jackson, Miss., Wednesday evening, June 9, the exercises being held at 8 o’clock at St. Andrew’s Episcopal parish house. The graduates are: Miss Bettye Marian Hilton, daughter of Mrs. Cora Hilton, 227 Manship street, Jackson, Miss. Miss Hilton is a 1940 graduate of Lanier High school. After completing her training at the Charity Hospital, she plans to leave the city for New York City, July 12, where she will become a member of the nursing staff at the Riverside Hospital. Miss Osie Belle Burton, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. E. L. Burton, Lauderdale, Miss. Miss Burton was a member of the 1939 graduating class of the T. J. Harris senior high school, Meridian, Miss. After leav ing the Charity Hospital she plans to do institutional work. Miss Thelma Suzanetta Reed, / ' l ... . . .„ .Hi daughter of Prof, and Mrs. James Reed, Port Gibson, Miss. Before entering training at the Charity Hospital, Miss Reed was a student of Alcorn College and Jackson College. Having one brother, S-Sgt. Frank Reed, overseas and another brother, Pfc. James Reed stationed at San Luis Obispo, Calif., Miss Reed plans to become an Army nurse and in this way take care of a personal matter she has against the Japs and Germans. Atwood Lodge Names Delegates To Annual Meet Completing a very successful year, the L. K. Atwood Lodge No. 518 met in their regular meeting Tuesday evening, June 8, at the Elk's Rest on Erie street, and named the following officers for; the coming year: Exalted Ruler, Dr. L. A. Smith; Esteemed Leading Knight, J. W. Wilson; Esteemed Loyal Knight, Clarence Winters, Esteemed Lec ture Knight. William Baskin; Sec retary, Carsie A. Hall; Treasurer, Cicero Jones; Esquire. James Mc Quire; Interguard, Joe Catching; Trustees, Bernard Wade, D. D. Shepherd and Frank Washington. At this meeting delegates to the state convention which will be held in Vicksburg, Miss., beginning June 13, named as follows; William Baskin, Clarence Win ters, Bernard Smith, L. A. Smith. Cicero Jones, J. C. McClendon, Joe Catchings, Willie J. Miller, Frank Washington, L. L. Henderson; alter nates, Perry Sanders and Ernest Washington. James E. Kelly, Grand Secretary of the I. B. U. O. E., will visit the lodge Wednesday night, June 16. All Bills and daughters are re quested''to be present. A couple moved into a small apartment. It was a little crowded until they put on their thin under wear. Funeral Services For Henry Harris Held Last Sunday Funeral services were held Sun day, June 6, at New Mount Zion Baptist church for Mr. Henry Har ris, who passed away at his home, 1511 Grayson street, Thursday, June 3. Although Mr. Harris had been ill some weeks ago, his sudden death, Thursday night, came as a great shock to his relatives and many friends. A native of Terry, Miss., he and his family had lived in Jackson for many years and for the past 15 years he had been a faithful cm- I ployee of the City of Jackson. Surviving Mr. Harris are his wife, Mrs. Sarah Harris: two daugh ters, Mrs. Ethel Blackmon of Memphis, Miss Lucille Harris of Jackson; three grandchildren. Geo., Jr., Rose Marie and Lawrence Blackmon; a father, Mr. Jasper Harris, Terry, and four sisters. Rev. Robinson, pastor of New Mount Zion church, officiated and interment was in Elmwood ceme tery. The high esteen in which Mr. Harris and his family was held was evidenced by the large crowd in attendance at the funeral and the profusion of beautiful flowers. Funeral arrangements were in) charge of People’s Funeral Home. Nothing but troubles seem to hatch out of a love nest. Martin Appointed Associate Att. By Biddle Attorney General Francis Biddle announced on May 31 the appoint ment of Martin A. Martin, of Dan ville, Va., as an associate attorney in the Trial Section, Criminal Di vision, Department of Justice. Mr. Martin is the first Negro at torney to be assigned to this branch of the department. Mr. Martin is 33 years old, a na tive of Pittsylvania county, Vir ginia, and a graduate of Howard and Ohio State universities. He was graduated from the Howard Law School in 1938 and the same year was admitted to the Virginia bar. As president of the Danville (Va.) branch of the Natioanl Asso ciation for the Advancement of Colored People, he served as asso ciate attorney in the appeal of the Odel Waller case to the Supreme Court. At the time of his appoint- j ment to the Department of Justice. Mr. Martin was attorney for the Danville Savin Bank, the oldest Negro bankisg institution in Vir ginia, and for the Negro Building and Loan Association in that city. Lumber Production Good Lumber production in the Unit ed States for the first quarter of 1943 is estimated at 7.141.109.000 board feet This is close to the first quarter goal needed to meet mili tary and essential civilian require ments. Soldiers And Dance Partners At USO In the picture above is shown a group of soldiers from the Jack son Air Base and the Mississippi Ordnance Plant, with their dance partners made up of GSO girls and other young women of the city of J ackson. These affairs are sponsore week ly by the local USO, under the di rection of Director George Ed wards, Mrs. Lula Mae Patton, Miss Luberta Gross and other volunteer j workers, and are greatly enjoyed by the soldiers and their guests. Music for these dances is furn ished on different occasions by the Jackson Air Base Band, The Rays of Rhythm, Piney Woods, All Girl Orchestra and Duke Oatis Orches £ \ V S VV I Nothing is', ldtft undone\^y Direc tor Edwards to make these danees, affairs that1 will long be remem bered by sll who attend, # Commencement At Southern Christian Inst. Thirty-two graduates were grant ed diplomas from the Southern Christian Institute on Monday, May 24, at the 61st annual commence ment of the school. Of the nine graduates from the junior college, Miss Alma Lee, daughter of Mrs. Cassie A. Lee, of Edwards, Miss., received highest scholastic honors. Miss Lee has proved very capable, both as a stu dent and as assistant in the class room and in the library. She has been a faithful member of the choir, the glee club and the girls’ quartet and has done solo work. She has been active and coopera tive in general activities of the campus. Miss Lee plans to enter Meharry Medical college at Nash ville, Tenn. Special honors went to three of the 23 graduates of the high school. Scholarships were presented to Miss Annie Sanders, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Sanders of Learned, Miss., and Mr. David Hut ton, son of Mrs. Edna Hutton of Edwards, Miss., as first and second highest ranking students over a period of four years. Miss Sanders xxao ow vcu iUl tWU jCcUfi db SCUC tary to the dean of the college and Mr. Hutton has distinguished him tests in current events. He is recog self by winning two awards in con nized by his classmates as “Pro fessor.” Another graduate, Miss Hazel Stamaps. daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Stamps, of Learned, Miss., having been selected by the faculty as the “most worthy stu dent,” received a cash award of $10 given by a friend of the school. Mr. Isaac, secretary of the National Negro Baptist Convention. Other honors were bestowed upon Miss Thelma Cowan, of the tenth grade. Miss Cowan is the foimSr o.ean of the S. C. I., Lieut. Jason M. Cowan, now a chaplain in NeNw Guinea, and Mrs. J. M. Cowan, present dean of women at the S. C. I. Miss Cowan received wto cash awards, one from the Har monica Club of Jackson, Miss., for having shown superior improve ment in music and one from the Mary Church Terrell Literary Club of Jackson, Miss., for out standing development in English. Privileges And Rights Of Soldiers Given Guarantees to American soldiers and sailors of rights and privileges which they are fighting to preserve were reviewed today by the Office of War Information. Acts of Con gress pertaining to the welfare of the servicemen and their families, state laws and tne program oi tne American Red Cross, provide: A serviceman's civil liabilities, sue has income tax, suits for debts, and insurance premium payments, are suspended and remain suspend - ed until six months after the war. Free legal advice is available to him. His right to express preference at the ballot box on those who are to govern the country, his state, and to mak elaws, is preserved in violate. He is eligible for unemployment compensation in 44 states and Hawaii in the event he is unable to find employment on being dis charged from the service. His former employer is required by law to reinstate him to his job and seniority rights upon discharge fro mthe service. He will be given civil service preference in seeking employment with the national gov ernment. His concern over the health and other assistance and services which may be required by his wife, his children, his parent or parents, or his sisters, brothers, and grand children is alleviated through sys tems of insurance, allotments and allowances, quarter allowances and maternity and infant care. He may receive free m :dical and hospital care after • If wounded or injuw**—«,v.~ .***&■ -«»-> eligible for veterans pension com mensurate with hi sdegree of dis ability and to vocational rehabili tate nand placement in employ ment. USO Volunteer Service Clubs Sponsor BIG Drive More Than Double Quota One Of The Most Successful Money Raising Drives In History Of City Negro Marines Popular For Their Songs One of the most stirring war songs of the armed services is “From the Halls of Montezuma to the Shores of Tripoli”—but the of ficial Marine Corps Hymn is only one of many songs which get a daily workout at Montford Point, Camp Lejeune, N. C., where 2.000 Negro marines are being trained. In admitting Negro recruits last June, the Marine Corps received new voices and—like all other branches of the armed services—a large number of Negro musicians. Most popular aggregation at the post—and in all the neighboring cities ancl towns in Eastern North (Continued on Page 4) ■ Graduates From Radio School Robert Sammy Dees, son of Mrs. Jeffrey Dees, husband of Mrs. Ber tha Dees, 813 W. Pascagoula street, Jackson, was one of the first j Negroes to graduate from the Radio Mechanics School. Scott Field, 111., May 28. After graduating Cpl. Dees was transferred to the School of Tech. School Qomah Radio School, Qomah, Wisconsin, where his wife is planning to join him soon. Tougaloo College Commencement Tougaloo witnessed one of its most inspiring commencement exer cises in its history not withstanding the fact that there was a con spicuous absence of men in the graduating class. Of the seventeen who took degrees there was one man who by mere chance of luck happened to remain with the class until the end. With a colorful display of caps, gowns and hoods, the academic procession formed at the Mansion and marched across the campus to the church. To add tone and color and form a beautiful background for the occasion the church was beautifully decorated with flowers of many types. President Judson L. Cross pre sided and introduced the speaker of the occasios. The address was de livered by Rev. William R. Hodg son, D. D., of Moline, 111. Dr. Hodg son spoke from the subject. "Mak ing the Bread of Life,” and empha sized the fact that each individual must eat the bread of his own mak ing. In this connection it is highly imperative that it should be care fully and properly made. In making this bread the speaker suggested the five following points which he .ikened unto the flour, shortening, yeast and kneading: (1) A fraternal attitude toward others. (2) Demo cratic opinion of others. (3) Rev erence for God. <4> Optimistic at titude toward the future, and (5> an aristocratic attitude toward [ (Continued on Page 4) j Without a doubt the Bonds and Stamps Sales Tea, sponsored by the USO Volunteer Service Organiza tions, under the direction of Mrs. Doris Tharp Hall, held Sunday eve ning. June 6, at the local USO YMCA Club, North Farish street, was one of the most successful money raising affairs in the history of our city. For at this tea. Bonds in the amount of $3500 and Stamps in the amont of $58 were reported as having been sold by Jackson women who had, for the most part, only two or three days to make their sales. The Bond sales ladies were: Mes dames E. W. Banks. A. M. Hall, Phillip Smith, G. A. Price ,C. L. Barnes, M. M. Hubert. H. T. Samp son, Barbara B. Harris, Blanche Cade Brown and A. M. Redmond. All applications for Bonds were made and handled by Miss Matilda Henderson, who was acting for People’s Funeral Home, authorized and certified issuing agency. Mrs. J. L. Reddix kept record of all Bond sales and reports. The record of all sales and reports for Stamps was kept by Miss Abertine Hopkins. Mrs. M. L. Brown, Mrs. F. J. Braxton, Miss Hattie Palmer and Mrs. A. M. Hair were over the USO table. Mesdames Mary Ruth Powell, Grace Armstrong, Ruby Tillis, Montel Washington, Caston, G, L. Gardner and C. Castle were in charge of the Army and Navy Wives’ and Mothers’ table. Mrs. Barbara B. Harris, Miss Juanita Overstreet, Miss Valeria Harrison and Miss Louise Walker were in charge of the GSO table. Guests were welcomed by Mes dames Mary Smith and Frances Greene. Tea girls were Miss Esther Dixon, Miss Campbell, Mrs. Mable Wilson, Mrs. G. L. Gardner and Mrs. Cas ton. Mrs. Jack Young and Mrs. Geo. Edwards were i» charge of the musical program on which Misses Sadie and Thelma Garrett render ed very entertaining numbers. Dr. A. M. Hair of the Jackson Negro Stamp and Bonds Sales Committee was on hand to answer any questions concerning War Mr. George Edwards, director of the USO; Mrs. Doris Tharpe Hall, volunteer worker, and all persons who participated in any way to make this effort successful, are to be commended and congratulated. WAAC Assigned To New Posts The Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps is now one year old, and units are being sent to various camps over the country to take the place of men who will go on com bat duty. Among the most recent posts to receive WAAC detach ments are Camp Atterbury, Ind., and Fort Clark. Tex. The first detachment of Negro WAAC to arrive at Camp Atter bury is destined to release men at tached to the post hospital of the 156th for combat duty. This group of 144, which will be known as the WAAC Detachment, 356st Service Unit, is commanded by Second Of ficer Sarah Elizabeth Murphy of Atlanta, Ga., who before joining the WAAC, was a newspaper re porter on the Atlanta Daily World, and a school teacher in an Atlanta junior high school. Coming directly from Fort Des Moines, Iowa, the detachment was welcomed by Colonel Wulton M. Modisette, post commander, and First Officer Helen C. Grote, com manding officer of the 44th WAAC Headquarters Company already stationed there. Ice Boxes For Civilians A total of 239,575 ice boxes are to be produced in the next three months for civilian use, according to a new order Of WPB.