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MICRO1 _ A NEWS SERVICE FOR MISSISSIPPI NEGROES Published Weekly at Jackson, Mississippi 143 E. Monument Street Willie J. Miller-Manager SUBSCRIPTION RATES ONE YEAR-$2.00 THREE MONTHS_65c Advertising Rates Furnished On Request TREASURE CHEST There is only one God, one people, one land his universe. He that has made man has the power to destroy man and everything thereof or therein. Let he who desires to be righteous, be righteous, he that desires to be holy, be holy, he that is an infidel, cleanse him by the word of God. COMPETITION OR COOPERATION? By RUTH TAYLOR Competition or cooperation? Which shall it be? Reduced to its common denominator that is the ques tion before the world today. It is the dominant theme of this war. Fair competition is healthy both for individuals and na tions but it must be an amicable rivalry with the loser ready to accept defeat gracefully and the winner holding out a hand of friendship. The danger lies when competi tion becomes too keen and degenerates into a street fight v\ ith no holds barred. National competition can too easily become destructive warfare. Cooperation is the safe and sane way. Had Germany, lor example, spent a small proportion of what her war of aggression cost her in building up her peace time indus tries and extending her trade, she could have prospered lar beyond her wildest dreams of conquest. Had Italy devoted herself to peaceful colonization, she could have extended the Roman Empire beyond the am bitions of any Caesar—but she chose to spend her money in tie paiade trappings of war. Had Japan played fair in hei treatment of China, the Japanese would not now be among the moral outcasts of the nations. All that was needed was that they cooperate—not in ii m tundercuttin&< land grabbing, theft, murder, and all the other gangster methods of cut-throat competition It is easy to condemn this action on the part of a na tion—but to be practical we must bring it down to our own lives. Do we cooperate or compete? Are we working with our neighbors or do we try to get ahead of them by shrewd and sometimes unscrupulous methods? Do we want ad vantages for ourselves alone or for all people? Do we give an honest dollar’s worth of work for every dollar received9 We need*to work for a living, not for a boss. We need to think of our work in terms of what it will accomplish not as so many hours taken from our lives. We need to cooperate. In that way only will we accomplish results. r Cooperation is a joint action. It means that all will have to freely and intelligently move together, like a ma fdinb„tWhiere iei?Ch part,has its Particular function to ful Ll, but also like a machine that is built correctly so that staramPaiW1S Capab11,e of takin§ up its share of the stress and strain. We are all workers. Let us work therefore in co operation—not in competition. Educators Aid Illiterate Soldiers Fort Benning, Georgia—At the Fort Benning Reception Center, 96 Negro instructors in Special Train ing Units, including some of tjie best educated men of their race, are at work on the important as signment of giving illiterates enough schooling to qualify them for their Army jobs. Education is not the only requisite for their assignment. It also requires in finite patience, kindness and un derstanding. One member of the staff of in structors is Sgt. William L. Gra ham of Milledgeville, Georgia, who is assigned to the Headquarters First Battalion, Special Training Regiment. A graduate of Paine College, Augusta, Georgia, Ser geant Graham attended Northwest ern University at Evanston, Illi nois. where he received his Master fo Arts degree after receiving his Bachelor of Arts at Paine. He spent 12 years in educational work in Georgia, where he holds a life teacher’s certificate. He was prin cipal of the Paine College Labora tory high school. Natchez Soldier Retires After 30 Years Of Service Salfridge Field, Mich.—Come No vember, 1943, and 30 years of ar my career will have been com pleted by First Sergeant Peter E. Murphy, 190 1st Quartermaster Trucking Company, 96th Service Group, located at Oscoda Army Air Field, a sub-base of Salfridge Field. Sgt. Murphy, 55 years old, will return to his wife and home, 15 Fourth Street, Natchez, Miss., in November. Since actitvte service overseas in the World War 1, he has served in the 25th Infantry, Huachuca, Arizona , Quartermaster Compa nies in Mississippi, North Caro lina, South Carolina and Louis ana. He frequently receives mail from men overseas expresing their thanks for his instructions which have been to their advantage. Sgt. Murphy has been awarded the Mexican Border Medal, Victory Medal of World War 1, and sev eral “good conduct” and marks manship medals. In reply to the question of his future, Sgt. Murphy says: “Going to take it easy, just take it easy. I have never been tried or in the guard house in my 29 years and 19 months of service and I think it can be repeated by our younger ^soldiers, too.” Georgiahs Form New National Civic Club Ft. Valley, Ga.—Twenty delegates representing eight civic clubs in Georgia cities met Sunday, August 8, to form aw new national men’s social and civic club. The name “CIVICLE” was adopted by the [United representatives. With the nucleus of the eight original founding clubs, it is expected that the organization will enjoy a growth to national proportions. The call for the meeting, issued jointl by President H. M. Bond of the Fort Valley State College, and H. C. Henderson, President of the Fort Valley Civic League, empha sized the fact that the new orga nization was to be devoted to Ser vice to the Negro people and to Negro communities. The officers are to serve without pay, and a small sum was fixed in the Con stitution as the dues that could be collectetd by national head quarters. The purposes of the Club was set as follov/s: To encourage the exercise of citi zenship rights for Negroes. To sponsor moves for better educa tional facilities on all levels for Negroes. To work for the im provement of health and sanitary : conditions in Negro communities. To sponsor youth organizations serving to improve Negro youth. To work for better jobs for Ne groes, and better training for Ne groes on and for jobs. To in crease religious idealism. To work for better race relations. The officers elected were: Fa ther J. Henry Brown, Director Chaplain, Fort Valley College Center, President; Vice-president and Governor of the Middle Georg ia District, L. S. Nolette, Princi pal, Griffin Vocational High School, Griffin, Georgia; Vice-presi "UNREST SWEEPS ITALY . AS MUSSOLINI- FLEES." N*w* ITEM I - I “WE HAVE MOT DIED IN VAIN!" ~ “ --: dent and Governor of the North Georgia District. O. W. Weaver, District Manager Afro-American Life Insurance Co.. Athens, Ga.; Vice-President and Governor of the Northeast Georgia District, Dr. R. C. Jones, Elberton, Ga.; Vice President and Governor of the South Georgia District, L. J. Jones, Moultrie, Georgia; Record ing Secretary, C. W. Sellers, Ma con, Georgia; Corresponding Secre tary and Editor, Dr. H. M. Bond, President, Fort Valley State Col lege, Fort Valley, Ga.; Treasure!', George H. Brewer, Elbertton, Georgia and Chaplain, S. M. Lo gan. Thomson, Ga. Blue Stamps “U ” “V” “W” Valid Sept. 1st Blue stamps “N,” “V.” and “W” in War Ration Book Two become valid on September 1, and will re main good for buying processed foods through October 20, the Of fice of Price Administration an nounced today. This will keep in effect the plan announced last month of allowing consumers a period of one month plus 20 days in which to spend each set of ration stamps. Stamps “R,” “Sand “T,” vali dated on August 1, will be good through September 20, so that con sumers will have six sets of blue ration stamps, all those lettered “R” through “W,” inclusive, with which to buy processed foods dur ing the first twenty days of Sep tember. Allowing housewives a longer period in which to spend their pro cessed food stamps should make it easier to plan purchases of ration ed foods. Expired stamps which are not used should be promptly de stroyed. Buy More War Bonds and Stamps! Sgt. Joe Louis To Make 100-Day Tour Army Camps Sergeant Joe Louis Barrow, in company with his old sparring part ner. First SergeSnt George Nichol son, now a boxing instructor at Mitchel Field. New York, will make a 100-day tour boxing exhibitions at Army Camps within the United States, beginning Wednesday, Aug ust 18, the War Department an nounced today. Corporal Walker Smith, welter weight fighter, known in boxing circles as “Sugar Ray Robinson” as sistant to Sergeant Nicholson, will also be included in the group which will make the trip under the di rection of the Army’s Special Ser vice Division. In addition tothe boxing exhi bitions, Sergeant Barrow wilj speak to his comrades at the va rious camps on the value of phys ical fitness, stressing the theme that a “well conditioned Army is a fighting Army.” The group will assemble today (Monday. August 16) at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland, where a pre liminary exhibition will be held in the evening. On Wednesday the party will move on to the First Service Command where ezhibi tions will be staged at Camp Miles Standish, Camp Edwards, and Fort Devens, all in the Boston, j Massachusetts, neighborhood. Thereafter, exhibitions will be staged in each of the other Service Commands. The group will spend five days in the Second Service Command; six days in the Third Service Command; five days in the fifth Service Command; six days in the Sixth Service Command; nine day! in the Seventh Service Command; 17 days inthe Ninth Service Command; 27 days in the Eighth Service Command; and 22 days in the Fourth Service Com mand. Due to the fact that 124 camps made requests for appearance of the group and only 100 days could be allotted to the tour, designa tion of camps at which exhibitions will be staged has been left to the Commanding Generals of the various Service Commands. At the close of the tour in the continental United States, present plans anticipate that th group will go overseas where the exhibitions will be given at camps in theaters of operations. Mississippi people are learning to play their part in achieving dental health by getting their teeth and the teeth of their children re- J paired year by year. When that ! is done—and it cannot be done I haphazardly or easily—wre will get x'eal dental health. Working in this direction is the Victory Corps whose program of physical fitness among high school students has set dental fitness for every. graduate as one of its goals. Responsibility for getting chil dren to the dentists rests largely with the parent. Especially is this true in the case of preschool and school children who should have » their dental corrections done be fore starting the school year. Pa rents who have not done so, are urged to make dental appointments for their children now. 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