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2SI ”74e MISSISSIPPI ENTERPRISE "isr
VOLUME 5—NUMBER 28 ' ' - ■ - ■ ' ' ■' ■■ -- . . SATURDAY, AUGUST 28. 1943 udtpp c rrvTC Alabama Man Charged With Peonage Attorney General Francis Biddle today had announced that a Fed eral Grand Jury at Mobile, Ala., has returned an indictment charg ing O'Neal Bodiford and Ralph Mc Gaugh, of Fort Deposit, Ala., with violations of the civil rights, slav ery and peonage statutes in the holding of Luther Carter, Negro fai m hand, in involuntary servi tude. The indictment states that Car ter left Bodiford's farm to work for a sawmill operator at Bay Mi nette, Ala. On April 13, 1945, it is alleged, the defendants went to the sawmill where they beat Carter and forced him into their automo-4 bile with the intention of return ing him to Bodiford’s farm to work out an alleged debt. They were arrested by State Police en route. The three counts of the indict ment charge, respectively, (1) a conspiracy to deprive Carter of his civil rights in violation of Section 51, Title 18, U. S. Code; (2) kidnap ping a person to be held as a slave in violation of Section 443. Title 18, U. S. Code; and (3) the holding of a person in peonage in violation of Section 444, Title 18, U. S. Code. Maximum penalties prescribed are a fine of $5.00 and imprisonment for ten years, or both, under the first count, and a fine of $5,000 and imprisonment for five years, or both, under each of the two remaining counts. The indictment followed investi gation by the Federal Bureau of Investigation of a complaint filed by Carter's employer at the saw- : mill. The case was presented to the Grand Jury by Albert J. Tully, U. S. Attorney for the Southern / District of Alabama. Price Control Important To Negro Consumers Negroes are among those who suffer most from runaway prices and therefore, should take a deep interest in price control, Dutton Ferguson, Information Specialist on the Washington staff of the Office of Price Administration, told the | second annual special confei'ence! of the American Teachers Associa-i tion, and the planning convention of the National Congress of Colored Parents and Teachers in Richmond, Va., last week. Emphasizing the need for “con sumer” enforcement of price and rationing regulations, Mr. Fergu son told delegates to the two con ventions that unless organized Ne gro groups and consumers as indi viduals actively assist the OPA by paying n omore than ceiling prices, refusing to trade at stores where the required ceiling price lists— such as that for meats—are not posted, reporting violations to lo cal OPA offices, they had no right to complain about high prices. The American Teachers Associa tion met on August 18 and 19, and the National Congress of Colored Parents and Teachei's on August 19. President of the teachers organiza tion is Mrs. Mary L. Williams, Charleston, W. Va. President of the parent-teachers is Mrs. A. M. P. Strong, Marianna, Ark. State Men Get Ribbons For Good Conduct FORT WASHINGTON, Md., Aug. 20.—Good conduct ribbons signify ing “exemplary behavior, efficiency and fidelity” during the past year were awarded to 145 enlisted men of the Service Battalion and Medi cal Detachment, Adjutant General's School, here today. The awards were made by Col onel L. B. Clapham, commandant of the school, at a presentation . .w in .which all enlisted personnel, in cluding the WAAC Detachment and Officer Candidate Batallion, parti cipated. Included among these were 45 men from the 2563rd Service Unit. The following from Mississippi were: T/4th Henry L. Goree, Shannon, Miss. Pvt. Willie L. Jones, 721 Earl St., Jackson, Miss. Pvt. Ferdinand Murdock, 338 Orr St., Tupelo, Miss. Pvt. Ralph A. Newman, Route 1, Bovina, Miss. - jAi r CALIFORNIA BOUND Mrs. Charles F. Golden, a mem ber of the Church School Exten sion Corps of the Methodist Church who left the city this week-end for San Francisco, California, where she will sex've in congested areas around war industries plants. She has just completed 11 weeks of in tensive study at Fisk and Scarritt, Nashville, Tenn. Mrs. Golden is the wife of Chap lain Charles F. Golden now serv ing with the armed forces in Northern Africa. She will be re membered as Miss Ida E. Smith, a former teacher in the city school system. School Lunches To Improve Diet Of Million Youngsters More than a million Negro chil dren are expected to participate this year in community school lunch programs which will be available to a total of over five million American youngsters to help maintain their wartime diets at an adequate level, the War Food Administration has announced. Aimed at.protecting child health despite changes in home life occa sioned by war and by food short ages, the program, financed partly by a eaerai funds with local com mittee sponsorship and administra tion, will provide nutritious lunches which will include fruits, vegeta bles, milk and meats. Local sponsors will organize j lunch projects, purchase food from local merchants and farmers, and be reimbursed by Food Distribu tion Administration—up to 60 per cent of the cost of the foods served. In previous years, the Depart ment of Agriculture purchased foods directly and distributed them to schools through state welfare agencies. This year, buying will be done locally, primarily to sim plify the program and release stor age and trans portation facilities for other purposes. The new plan received a “try-out” beginning last January and the experience gained has set the pattern to be followed as the program operates on a lar ger scale. r unas are avauaDie to scnoois and child care centers in the states principally on the basis of the state school enrollment and the state’s past participation in the school lunch program. Equipment, labor and supervis ion must be provided for by state and local agencies or civic groups. Under the new plan, which com bines the school lunch and school milk projects, foods going into three types of lunches will be paid for by FDA at rates ranging from two to nine cents for each meal, depending on the type served. Type A con sists of a complete lunch including all ofthe items necessary for a bal anced meal. Type B is made up of smaller portions of tohese same foods and is less adequate nutri tionally. Type C consists of a half pint of milk. FRA officials point out that the program is not limited to low in come children because the lunch must be offered to all children in the school. It is desirable how ever, to give assistance first to those schools where greatest need exists, sinceavaiU^b*- fjunds may not be adequate to TWiprTiTl schools asking for Federal aid. Although war has brought about an increase in national income, many families still lack sufficient incomes to pro vide their children with adequate diets. Higher food prices and rel ative scarcity of certain important foods have increased these difficul ties. There is a strong feeling among the Italians to declare Italy an | “open nation.’* ^ Blitzed Negro Britishers Share In War Relief NEW YORY, N. Y.-The thous ands of Negroes in England who were bombed out of their homes, maimed for life, and nerve-shat tered by the terrific blitzkreig of 1941 are being rehabilitated by the British War Relief Society. Many of these colored Britishers, with their wives and families lived in the slum areas of London that were hardest hit by the air raids. Under British policy, relief is administered- - according to need, without regard to race or color and persons are in no way sep arated into racial groups or insti tutions, it was pointed out by of ficials of the British War Relief Society. The British War Relief Society, with 15 other war service and re lief agences, will share in the funds collected during the Nat ional War Fund drive, to be laun ched on a national scale in con junction with local united com munity campaigns in October and November. Questioned furnther concerning the share colored Britishers will have in the relief services of the war egency, officials called atten tion to the thousands of English Negro merchant seamen who are serving on His Majesty’s ships without the slightest regard to race, and who therefore share in the 22 British seamen’s centers now functioning in this country, supported by British War Relief Funds. These centers go further than the American ones in serving their mer chant seamen. They not only pro vide recreation and respite from dangerous and nerve-racking sea travel, but provide if necessary, for hospitalization, clothing and all other needs of the men. The National War Fund was re cently established by a merger of war related agencies in this coun try in order to cut down overhead expenses and thereby permit more money to be us^ for the United Seamen's Service, China Relief, Relief, Belgian Relief and others, all of which are necessary to the war effort. POST CHAPLAIN MMg Cpl. Rev. Leon C. Hunt is home on furlough visiting his wife, Mrs. Leon Hunt, who lives at 351 Bell Street. On Sunday, August 22, Cpl. Hunt was speaker at the China Grove A. ! M. E. Church, Madison, Miss., and will speak at the Blair Street A. M. E. Church on August 29 at 3: p. m. Cpl. Hunt is stationed at Marfa, Texas, where he is Post Chaplain with the 336th Aviation Squadron. Afro-World War Veterans In Fourth Confab The fourth annual convention of the Afro-World War Veterans of the U. S. A. is being held at the Zion A. M. E. church in Hatties burg, Miss., beginning Thursday. Speakers from both races were scheduled to appear on the prog ram, including Judge Haralsan of Hattiesburg and a speaker of the department of the American Le gion. A parade was scheduled for Fri day afternoon and all ex-service men whether members of the or ganization or not were requested to attend the convention. A heavy bomber, cruising at 250 miles an hour, burns three and one third gallons of gasoline every min ute. _ MISSISSIPPI’S NEXT GOVERNOR || ■...—— —.jgmmmmmsammm ] THOMAS L. BAILEY Mr. Bailey won the Governorship of Mississippi in Tues day’s election over Former-Governor Mike Conner by a majority of over 15,000 votes. WACs Taking A Course In Nurses Aid CAMP BRECKINRIGDE, Gy.—A nurses’ aid course, the first of its kind, has been inaugurated for WAACs at Camp Breckenridge hos pital. It includes three weeks’ in tensive training in first aid, ward management, nursing care, and hos pital administration. These aids are to replace enlisted hospital per sonnel. Captain Ann Neal, Los Angeles, j California, Commanding Officer of the detachment aided in forming the curriculum. Classes are daily and held from 8:30 a. m. until 3: p. m. in a model ward set up for both classroom woi'k and its practical application. Included among the Negro mem bers of the ti'aining course are the following Mississippians: Thelma Blueitt, Greenville; Elma T. Slover, Grenada; Brunette Hy man, Laurel. West Virginia Governor Study Racial Conflicts CHARLESTON, W. Va.—Governor Neely announced Wednesday, Au gust 18th the appointment of a 44 member West Virginia inter-racial commission to work for “alleviation of those social and economic con ditions which underline and foster the growth of racial antagonisms.” Dr. Carl M. Frasure of West Vir ginia university’s political science department, will head the commis sion which, among other things, will study the improvement of housing for Neegrfles, procurement of equality of opportunity for em ployment and vocational training, the promotion of Negro child wel fare, and the provision of better health and recreation facilities. The Governor said he has been investigating the race problem in the state ever since he announced his intention last month to appoint a commission and has selected the members “with unusual care.” Cites Detroit Disturbances Citing the recent “deplorable oc currences” in Detroit, Governor Neely said “little if anything of a constructive nature can be done to improve racial relations after dis crimination has wrought notorious injustice and prejudice has been fanned into consuming flames.” He added that the one hope of -establishing permanent peaceful re lations between the races lies in removal of the basic causes of fric tion after thorough round-table discussion by representative lead ers of both races, followed by a s t a t e-w i d e educational program presenting their combined judgment and recommendations. Commission Members Besides Dr. Frasux-e, the chair man of the commission, other mem bers are: Dr. W. Ivl. Alston, Voiney «.n & drews, Rabbi Samuel Cooper, C. W. Dickerson, John B. Easton, Wal ter S. Hallanan, Arthur B. Koontz, Dr. John F. Little, Mrs. Jane Spaul ding, Geneva Thomas, Dr. B. W. Tinsley, and Mary L. Williams, all i of Charleston. Dr. John W. Davis of Institute, president of West Virginia State College; D. W. Ambrose, Lucy Me Ghee Fountaine, Dr. H. D. Hat field, and Supreme Court Judge W. T. Lovins, of Huntington; W. O. USDA Chairman Discuss War Foods At Rust College Stressing the necessity of meet ing the drought problems by plant ing winter pastures and fall gar dens, Dr. T. M. Patterson, state chairman of the U. S. D. A. war board, Jackson, discussed “war food goals and necessity for in creased food production” at the farmers, teachers, and ministers in stitute held at Rust College in Holly Springs. Clyde F. Clark, senior education alist of the AAA in Washington,! D*C., discussed “some problems of the farmers,” Clark pointed out what he considered the three basic problems of the farmers: (1) In creasing production; (2) high prices and (3) lack of education or the unnecessary skills to maintain a farm and produce the crops that can be grown there. The farmers, ministers, and the teachers attending the conferences are pledging themselves to do more to improve living conditions ort the farm. Armstrong, C. Fremont Davis, J. G. Lampkin, Mrs. Thelma Shaw and Mrs. Oliver Shurtleff, of Flairmont. Samuel S. Gordon of St. Albans; Dr. G. A. Banks, Mrs. Virginia E. Brennan, Nate Harrison, Supreme Court Judge James B. Riley, Bish op John J. Swint, and Austin V. Wood, of Wheeling; Dr. W. H. Bar low of Buckhannon; Alfred F. Chapman of Moundsville. Senator Harley M. Kilgore and George J. Titler of Beckley; S. A. Calhoun, Acting Attorney General Ira J. Partlow and Mrs. Ann Weth erby of Welch; H. L. Dickason of Bluefield, Mrs. A. P. Hairston of Williamson; State Police Supt. H. Clare Hess of Mannington; Dr. A. J. Major of Weirton; Fred R. Ra mer of Martinsburg; Raymond Rat cliff of Morgantown and G. F. Todd of Grafton. ASSIGNED OVERSEAS Sgt. Bennie Newman Allison, husband of Mrs. Doris Allison, 1015 Hickory Street, Jackson. Mrs. Allison reports that she has recently been notified that her husband has left this country for oversea duty with the United States Army. Sgt. Allison who received his ba sic training at Cheyenne, Wyom ing, has been in the army for eight months and was recently stationed at Charleston, S. C. Stores To Close September 6th For Labor Day Retail stores of Jackson will be closed on Labor Day, Monday, September 6, according to an an nouncement made by Chairman A. D. Oppenheim of the Chamber of Commerce Retail committee, said yesterday in reminding firms of the retail agreement that Labor Day be observed as one of the five retail holidays of the year. It is likely that state, county and city offices in addition to office buildings will be closed for Labor Day, thus giving their employees a two-day holiday. The Second Gulfside Interdenominational Ministers' Conference WAVELAND, MISSISSIPPI August 31-September 3, 1943 DR. ROBERT MOTEN WILLIAMS, BISHOP ALEXANDER PRESTON SH> Director Baltimore Area, Methodist Church Special Preacher BISHOP 5, L GREEN, P.P., LLP., PreSM,„A eme C^hridtian ijnilij ^3n lA/ar ^Jime OTHER LECTURERS INCLUDE I ■ DR. A. A. COSY, State President of the National Baptist Convention. BISHOP B. G. SHAW, A.M.E. Zion Church. DR. A. WALTER WILLIAMS, President, Natchez Col lege, Natchez, Miss. RESOURCE LEADERS DR. W. H. BELL, Secretary of the Conference; Presi dent, Alcorn College, Alcorn, Miss. DR. G. H. J. THIBODEAUX, President, Campbell College. DR. G. W. CARTER, Pasfor, Peoples Church, New Orleans, La. MRS. L P. ROGERS, Jeans Agent, Mississippi, 1 " ' I DR. H. T. MEDFORD, Treasurer Secretary, Department of Foreign Mis* *ions, A.M.E.2. Church. Special Preacher Miss Tettis Is First To Enroll In Cadet Nurse Corps Miss Minnie Tettis of Aliquippa, Pa., has the distinction of being the first student nurse at Freed men’s Hospital, Washington, D. C., to enroll with the new U. S. Cadet Nurse Corps. Miss Tettis, a grad uate of Aliquippa High School, and a student of nursing at Freedmen’s since June, was immediately follow ed by nine fellow students who signed up with Miss Rheva Speaks, Director of Nurses at the hospital. Twenty-seven girls at Freedman's i are joining the newly createdVllorps and will complete their training in an accelerated 30-month course. The U. S. Cadet Nurse Corps is the Government's answer to the critical nursing shortage resulting from demands on essential civilian and military services. Under the program, administered by the Pub lic Health Service of the Federal Security Agency, qualified candi dates receive all expense scholar ships covering the cost of tuition, fees and maintenance. Cadet nurses will be paid monthly allow ances of from $15 to at least $30 depeding on grade. Street uni forms will be issued to all mem bers of the Corps, the wearing of which is optional. The official U. S. Cadet Nurse Corps uniform, chosen by a jury of fashion experts, includes-a win ter and summer issue. The winter uniform is of soft gray wool con trasted by red epaulets, silver but tons, and the silver and red Mal tese Cross insignia of the U. S. Ca det Nurse Corps. A guardscoat of gray velour, a summer uniform of striped gray and white cotton, a raincoat of gray paratroop satin twill and a-Montgomery type beret complete the outfit. The Nation-wide appeal is for 65,000 new student nurses to join the corps. Women between the ages of 18 and 35, who are high school graduates with satisfactory grades, and in good health may | quaniy ior scnolarsmps. Publishers On Advisory Committee The Office of War Information today announced the formation of an Advisory Committee of Negro Newspaper Publishers. Members of the Committee, selected by the Negro Newspapers Association, will be consulted in regard to war in formation of the Negro press. Members of the Committee are: Carter Wesley, The Houston In former. C. A. Scott, The Atlanta Daily World. William O. Walker, The Cleve land Call and Post. Howard H. Murphy, The Afro American Newspapeers. John H. Sengstacke, The Chicago Defender. Sgt. Joe Louis To Begin Tour August 30 The boxing exhibitions and phys ical fitness tour of Sergeant Joe Louis Barrow, to be conducted un der the direction of the Army’s Special Service Division, will get under way on August 30, 1943, in the First Service Command, the War Department announced today. Fort Devens, Massachusetts, will be the first stop, followed by Camp Edwards. Massachusetts, August 31; Fort Miles Standish, Massachu setts, September 1; Mitchel Fielc New York. September 2; Camj Up ton, New York, September 3; Camp Kilmer, New Jersey, September 6; Camp Shanks, Orangeburg, New York, September 7; Fort Dix, New Jersey, September 8: Fort Monroe, Virginia, September 9; Camp Pat rick Henry. Virginia, September 10; Camp Pendleton, Virginia. Septem ber 11; Fort Eustis, Virginia. Sep tember 13; Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland. September 14; Indiantown Gap Military Reserva tion, Pennsylvania, September 15, and Shenangoo Personnel Replace ment Depot, Pennsylvania, on Sep tember 16. The group will include Sergeant Joe Louis Barrow, First Sergeant George Nicholson, Corporal Walker Smith (Sugar Ray Robinson), Pri vate George Wilson and Corporal Robert J. Payne, who will serve as trainer.