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NEERcNIjI&’TR ESS A NEWS SERVICE FOR MISSISSIPPI NEGROES Published Weekly at Jackson, Mississippi 143 E. Monument Street Willie J. Miller_:_Manager SUBSCRIPTION RATES ONE YEAR_$2.00 THREE MONTHS_65c Advertising Rates Furnished On Request TREASURE CHEST There is only one God, one people, one land his universe. He that has made man has the power to destroy man' and everything thereof or therein. Let he who desires to be righteous, be righteous, he that desires to be holy, be holy, he that is an infidel, cleanse him by the word of God. THE NEGRO AND THE LABOR SITUATION IN MISSISSIPPI By Willie J. Miller (Reprinted by Request) This week the daily papers have carried news articles and editorials to the affect that because of the large num ber of men and women, colored and white, who are refus ing to work, city officials have found it necessary to ask strict enforcement of the vagrancy ordinance, and it has even been suggested that the Governor issue a “Work or Fight” Proclamation. Never before in history was the labor of every man, woman and in some instances, child, needed more. And for any man, woman or child to refuse to work, especially on jobs that are contributing to the war effort, is nothing short of treason. JNo Negro here in Jackson, who is old enough to work now, needs any great imagination to recall the hard days that followed World War No. 1. No jobs, no money—sol diers returning, war workers who had' left their homes, moved their families to distant towns, finding themselves turned off and unable to get work, returning to their old homes, still unable to find anything to do. And remembering these things, it seems that these men and women who are now refusing to work, would realize how necessary and important it is that they should take ad vantage of this opportunity to make money, make more money in many instances than they have ever made—how necessary it is to show their loyalty to their country by pitching in and helping by their labor, to preserve those very things that our boys on the battlefield are fighting for. V e do not mean to tell you where to work, and for whom to work—but we do say that one glance at the nat ional news will reveal that in spite of the big wages being paid in other sections, living conditions are usually so un favorable that it hardly pays one to leave home and friends for these jobs. We urge Negroes who are planning to live in Jackson and in Mississippi to begin now to plan for life and living after the war. And one of the best ways to plan for this post-war period, is to WORK and SAVE. Be industrious, self-respecting, loyal and good citizens. You are, without a doubt, justified in wanting better wages, better working conditions—but there is a right way to go about getting these things. Do not be influenced by outsiders, who come in with big promises and talk against your present employ-! ers. .We suggest that you get together among yourselves, select your leaders out of your own group of fellow workers, men who really know your problems and then have this group go to your employers for proper and friendly solu tions. We still admonish every Jackson and Mississippi Negro to “Cast down your bucket where you are, cast it down in making friends of those persons who are around you.” And beware of those persons who come in attempting" to stir up v racial friction and whose main purpose is to capitalize on the southern Negro for their own selfish gains. Economic security is one of the greatest assets of any race—let us WORK and SAVE and in this way gain for our race this security that will help us to be self-respecting, self-supporting and loyal citizens in the days after the war! NOTE—The above Editorial has been reprinted in the Jackson Daily News, The Winston County Journal and The Commercial-Dispatch. LABOR DAY 1943 By RUTH TAYLOR Labor Day 1943 finds us all workers—workers and fight ers in a war against tyranny, against despots who would make us all slaves. The wheels of production are humming all over the land as an answer to the challenge of those who say that free men cannot do as much voluntarily as can ranks of regimented robots who work or rest at the nod of a master. Labor Day is a typically American institution, bearing no resemblance to the “labor days” observed in Europe be° fore the war. It is not a “class” day, drawing distinctions between a downtrodden ‘‘lower class” and a thin upper crust of leisured and privileged individuals. It is not a day of protest against conditions as they are. It is, instead, a clay when the nation as a whole does honor to those who labor. And that includes virtually every one of us, regard less of class, creed or color. This country was founded on the theory that a nation could be welded out of materials from all over the world. The elder nations owed their origins to grouping of various peoples of the same stock or tongue for protective purposes, or to wars of conquest, where a dominant group seized power and assimilated or overlorded minority factions. Lot so America. For the most part this nation was founded on hard work. For it took labor of all kinds to carve a nation out of virgin wilderness, to make roads through trackless forests, to cross mighty rivers, to find passes through the snow crowned mountain heights and to subjugate a continent. It was labor that cleared lands, and built townships, clustering around those forerunners of civ ilized life, the church and the school house. Our aristocracy has always been made up from those whose work was good, and who by their labor of body and mind made easier and better the paths of those who fol lowed. Our scorn has always been for the idler, for the man who took advantage of what others had done, with out contributing either of hand or brain to the common welfare. The men and women whom we have chosen to honor have been those—no matter from what group they came—who have worked hard and done most for the com mon good. For .this reason Labor Day is not a day set apart for anyone group but a day which all may celebrate. We have learned that only those things which are earned are endur ing, that there is a task for each and every one of us. Know ing this, let us on this Labor Day in the year of our Lord, 1943, rededicate ourselves to the task set before us, and so labor that we may pass on to the nbxt generation a nation better and stronger for our having lived and toiled therein, and a heritage of accomplishment to spur on to greater labor and greater accomplishment those who follow. , •'.’ “ P E E LU D.E TO F-BEEDOMH!f THE ORIGIN OF LABOR DAY By RUTH TAYLOR ‘‘All men are born alike and equal.” ‘‘Liberty and Union.” So read some of the banners car ried down the streets of New York by “neat and well-dressed men in the first Labor Day parade, on the afternoon of September 5, 1882. The banners voiced the philoso phy of P. J. McQuii'e, one of the famous dreamers and doers of the American labor movement, and they express today the sentiment and feeling of American labor un ionists, who have hunt the first Monday in September into this country’s symbol of labor freedom. A direct line of thought and ac tion may be traced between P. J. McQuire’s original proposal for La bor Day, made on May 8. 1882. to the infant Central Labor Union of New York City, and the slogan which labor has selected to symbol ize its fight in this crucial war year: ‘ FREE LABOR WILL WIN!” McQuire himself, in an interpre tation of his Labor Day proposal, said in 1897: “Pagan feasts and Christian ob servances have come down to us through the long ages. But it was reserved for this century, and for the American people, to give birth to Labor Day. In this they honor the toilers of the earth and pay homage to those ho fro mrude nature have delved and carved all the grandeur we behold.” MeQuire proposed that the day should start a street ^parade, "which would publicly show the strength and spirit de corps of the trade and labor organization." The pa rade should be followed by a pic nic or festival in some grove. After a few years the observance of the holiday began in other cit ies all ov&r the country and in 1894 the event was first celebrated in Washington as a national holiday. “Labor Lay stands for Labor's faith. Faith in America. Faith in institutions. Faith in her democ racy. Faith in her representative government And above all, Labor Day stands for faith in the WORK ! ERS. Faith in their ability and de termination to show the world that within the field of democracy La bor can forge its way straight ahead and strike from its path the barriers of reaction, greed, oppres sion and tyranny wherever found and by whomever planted. “And Labor Day stands for FREEDOM." August Shower The moon has drawn her stars away, has hidden them, tonight: And only blackened clouds will stay, to startle and affright. The rain comes dashing madly by, with crashing thunder-roll; Pink tongues of lightning lick the sky, as cats will lick a bowl. The ground is thirsty; grass and flower were parched; the air was dust; Now cooled, refreshed, within an hour, as dry clay melts its crust. The air is newly washed and sweet, the thunder grumbles far: No more of suffocating heat, and yonder shines a star. —Clara Edmunds-Hemmingway. — Absence of a Soviet representa I tive at Quebec was not so sur prising. Stalin is merely follow | ing his long standing policy af tell ’em nawthng. I Special privilege lias reared its | ugly head in the Jap war machine. The Kiska garrison was permitted to lose face instead of neck. I —---—----—————- . I 1 __ _ ] | Every Thing You Will Need to Buy for The Boy - Girl - Young Man Young Woman Getting Ready for School or College. SUITS FOR BOYS and YOUNG MEN $ 1 d.95 Good Looking well made Blues, Grays, Rich Weaves and patterns right in-the-lat I est styles. Casual Felts For Girls and Young Women 81.98 up That will stand the wear of school __81.99 Our Children’s Department is one of the most complete in the entire city. Visit our Children’s Department and select the chil dren’s clothing—for Fall — for school. BUY WAR BONDS Service Oxfords For boys and girls Strong—Durable Dress $2.98 to $3.49 f No Mattw/ What The <£> Occasion You'll find the Coat that will satisfy your purse . . for School, for Dress Wear . . . 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Co., 3510 Olive St., St. Louis, Mo. XxXXXXxXX x x x x x x x x :. x x x x XXx x x,x'xXit’XXXXXW^SBfS For Comfortable Riding—Call I DOTTYCABS | Located At gj X JOHNSON SERVICE STATION 5 530 N. Farrish St. Jackson, Miss. 5 1 ’ c I Phone 3-5917 «;X«'XX'::':t x'x x x x x x x x'x x :: :: x x x x x. x x. x. x x x x :: xxx x x x x :: :: XX:: ;; y: (I___ We Satisfy > i Hungry People > Good Food at Economical > > Prices! > > Generous Portion, Friendly > Atmosphere. We can easily satisfy the biggest of appe > > tites, because the prices are ' so small. -Dial 4-9271. > COME IN We Sell War Stamps SHEPHERD'S KITCHENETTE 604 North Farish Street Jackson. Miss. Here’s Where To Eat— The Best of Food and Service for your money Breakfast—Lunch Regular Dinners Sandwiches of All Kinds Bar-B-Cue MILL & OAKLEY Cafe Where Everybody Eats Cor. Mill and Oakley Sts EDWARD LEE, Prop. Jackson, Miss. 1 ■ --- -- -..— M I —J-- —— . PROTECT R] £ Your Homes Against Weather and Time! 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