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BRINGS B1j££% ADVERTISING RESULTS / BRINGS --- RESULTS VOLUME 5—NUMBER 48 =-~. . - it. .irwmi rr 1 PRICE FIVE CENTS -_ Mississippi Negroes Lose Three Good Friends By Willie J. Miller During the past weeks, Mississippi has had the sad experi ence of losing by death, some of its finest and most honorable sons and among these were three whose passing was an inestima ble loss to Mississippi Negroes—we refer to the late Hon. Paul B. Johnson, former governor of the state of Mississippi, Hon. H. V. Watkins, Attorney and Statesman and Mr. Warren Potts, Presi dent of the Farmers & Merchants Bank, Kosciusko, Mississippi. All three of these men were well known by the manage ment of this paper and all three of them exhibited at all times none but the finest spirit of friendship and good-will toward all men, regardless to race, creed or color. In our effort to give to Mississippi Negroes a newspaper—a news service of their own, one that reflected the better side of Negro life, we have often found it necessary to go to our good white friends, not only for financial support but often for moral support—and never during the lifetime of our paper, did we call on either of the three truly great men mentioned above, and find them unwilling or too busy, to lend an ear to our prob lems, and then do something toward solving them. Never did we call on our great governor for a message of encouragement to his Negro constituency and find him too busy to give it. Both the Honorable H. V. Watkins and Mr. Warren Potts were regular sub scribers of our paper, having it sent to their home address and both made splendid financial contributions to the paper on many occasions. We did not, however, deceive ourselves into thinking that these great men had any particular personal feeling for us of this paper—we knew that what they did for The Mississippi Enter prise, was done because of the kindly feeling they had for Mis | sissippi Negroes and their great desire to see them possess all ■ of the worthwhile things that Negroes in every section of the country were possessing. These gentlemen knew the power of the press, they knew that no matter how insufficient our little sheet might be, it was one of the few mediums through which Jackson and Mississippi Negroes could record their social news, their church, school and community activities—could print their pictures—those of their children, their heroes. These gentlemen knew how incomplete any group would be without some kind of a newspaper—so, they were willing to contribute financially and morally to our and other Negro newspapers. It was with a feeling of deepest loss that we read of the death of the three men mentioned above and we are sure we voice the sentiment of Negroes throughout the state when we say that in the passing of Hon. Paul B. Johnson, Hon. H. V. Watkins and Mr. Warren Potts of Kosciusko, Mississippi Negroes I have lost three great friends. (Discharged Army Men Reducing Labor Shortage By TED YATES (Staff Correspondent) NEW YORK—(INS)—That the j soldier’s dream of getting back his | old job, or a better one, is already 1 coming true is evidenced by the J manufacturing industry —particu i larly, in the aircraft field—which has employed some 1.000,000 dis | charged service men since Pearl I Harbor. These veterans, according to an I OWI report, have become “a real factor” in reducing the manpow ;j er shortage. Other workers in the * plants are ‘‘proud to have the vet J erans working alongside them,” and the ex-servicemen themselves hold down a job despite disabilities. In connection with rehabilitation, the National Association of Manu facturers. which recently urged its members to re-employ disabled veterans, has drawn up a program outlining as an important aspect of the problem that handicapped veterans must not be allowed to feel as if they were “objects of charity.” The association maintained that industry’s experience in job train ing through a breakdown of com plex operations into simple ones could be enlarged to aid in the training of war veterans, and fi nally, that society should care for these disabled veterans handicap ped so severely that they cannot find a place to work within indus try. There is no color ban in hiring discharged veterans, a spokesman revealed in an exclusive interview. Among the major companies hir ing hundre dsof discharged veter ans are North American Aviation, Inc.; Consolidated Vultee Aircraft Corporation; and Douglas Aircrafl Company. One company has an nounced that it will fill all its va cancies with returned veterans. They give their lives—you lenc your money—Buy War Bonds Now Hinds Credit Union Holds Annual Meet The Hinds County Educational Federal Credit Union will hold its third annual business meeting and luncheon in the Jackson College dining hall Friday, January 28, al 7:00 P. M. The program of the meeting will include roll call of members, an nual reports and election of offi cers. Guest speaker for the eve ning will be Mr. Cornelius King special assistant to the Governoi of the Farm Credit Administration Kansas City, Mo. Mr. King ha: held this position for four years He is an authority on the techniqui | an dorganization of credit unions having in the past aided in th< establishing of thirteen credit un ions among the Negroes of Louis | iana. Another outstanding personality i nthis field to be present at th< meeting is Mr. W. M. Davis, Stat< | Veterans’ Administrator and als< | a member of the Board of Direc tors of the National Credit Unioi League. The Hinds County Credit Union which was chartered in 1941, wa the first, for white or colored, t( be organized in the state of Mis sissippi. It is a fine organizatioi which offers an opportunity fo safe investment and the borrowini of money at a low rate of interest Membership is open to all teacher in Hinds county and to member of their families as well. All members, prospective mem bers and interested friends an invited to attend the meeting. Th( tickets are on sale at Jacksoi College, fifty cents each. Lee Williams, Chr. Publicity Com W. D. Blackburn, Inst. Journ. Clas Mr. J. B. Bennett of 546 White rose Street in South Jackson h^d a his guests last week, his son an< daughter-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. Ive; Bennett of Monticello, Miss. Rehabilitation Planned For Registrants Colonel L. W. Long, state direc tor of selective service, announces the installation of a plan of re habilitation of registrants of this state to become effective January 11, 1944. i The plan is based on the coop eration of physicians, hospitals, the state health department, the United States Employment Service, the county agents of agriculture, the state department of education and county superintendents of educa tion, the vocational rehabilitation department for civilians, and the selective service local boards. It is devised to be coordinated with the pre-induction physical examina tion now being placed into effect. The purpose of the plan is to sal vage manpower both for the armed j forces and essential war produc ! tion, or production in support of the war effort since this is now required in the national interest. Those men found to have easily remediable defects (physical or ed ucational) will be aided in their correction so they may be induct ed. Those found with permanent I _i __T 1 1 , Iiwv i ciiicrviiciwit: will ue as sisted by vocational training, or re turn to their original essential job in agriculture or industry, or be placed in essential agriculture or industry if in a non-essential job. At the armed forces induction station is placed a committee of three, composed of a doctor, a rep j resentative of selective service, and a representative of the vocational : rehabilitation department. They interview each selectee found by , the armed forces not to be accept- . ! able for service. The rejectee is given a letter to his local board of selective service, which he delivers , in person. The letter indicates the recommended disposition of the case and the local board of selec tive service advises the registrant what is required. He then is given a letter by the local board to the proper person or agency to carry out the plan. Thirty days are al lowed for placement or return to i essential employment or enrollment ; in school for vocational training or , education. Ninety days are allow ed for the correction of a readily ( remedial defect. A close follow-up on the system will be carried out. The plan is expected to accom- i plish the following:— 1. Keep the man who is physi cally or mentally unfit for service in the armed forces on his WAR j job by: a. Return of registrants found to ' be physically and mentally unfit for service in the armed forces. b. Placement of rejected regis trants in essential agriculture or industry. c. Vocational training and up [ grading of selected responsive indi viduals with permanent defects. 2. Correction of easily reme diable defects, both physical and educational, to permit induction in 90 days and salvage of such man ’ power. 3. To require the use of as few ) pre-Pearl Harbor fathers as possi ble by reclaiming men fi'om the 1 single and married group of reg istrants. • 4. To preserve the economy of 5 our manpower and benefit our cit > izenship generally. 1 AGENT AID NAMED ’ The U. S. Department of Agricul • ture received a report from North 5 Carolina State Extension Service 5 last week which announced the ap pointment of an assistant Negro ■ farm agent to work with F. D. J Wharton, Negro farm agent of ; Edgecombe County, N. C. He is 1 the first Negro farm agent in the country to have a regular full • time aide. 3 Te need for this assistant arose last summer when Agent Wharton • established curb markets in Tar 3 boro and Rocky Mount to provide l an outlet for the surplus products r grown by the colored farmers of Edgecombe and Nash counties. In the picture above are shown bur children who were stricken ?y the dread disease, Infantile Paralysis, but who, because of the splendid work being done by the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, are well on the way to recovery and may be able at soma time in the future to walk, run j and play as other children. Your | contribution will hasten this daj; for these and other stricken young sters—Give now. Buy War Bonds and Stamps now Chicago to Have 500-Unit War Housing Project Plans for a 500-unit war housing project principally for Negro em ployees of the Aluminum Company )f America and other war plants n the south west section of Chi :ago were announced this week by he Federal Public Housing Au ;hority. Twenty-five per cent of the fam ly units will have one bedroom; 50 per cent two bedrooms; and 25 per cent three bedrooms. They will pe of “duration"’ construction. Se lection of the site for the project is under supervision of Regional I Director Orvil R. Almsted and his staff. This is one of a series of h f a dozen housing projects for th cago area announced in .e>., . months. The largest of the gg . p planned mainly for Negro occu pancy is a 1500-unit project of permanent construction for war workers, which will be turned over to the Chicago Housing Authority after the war. This project now under construction, borders the Cook County Forest Reserve, and is bounded by East 133rd and 134th Streets and Champlain Avenue on j the south; East 130th Street on the ' north; and South Langely Avenue on the west. Other projects for predominant Negro occupancy include 1000 units in the Calumet Section to serve wai workers in the steel industry, and ■another 500-unit project for Ne •••' • • *x-L 2ti inG cc....v■ 1 ::1‘- • lhe sO privu-v ly ~onsa cud war houses in. the Chicago Heights-Harvey Sector and 100 privately financed room con versions in the Central Sector were assigned for Negro occupancy. Early last fall, 132t> privately fi nanced homes for Negro war work ers to serve employees of the Douglas Aircraft and Buick plant of General Motors were made available, along with 320 privately financed homes in the southwest sector. All the public war‘housing pro jects are managed locally New Qovernor’s First Official Act GOVERNOR THOMAS L. BAILEY made his first official act, upon taking the oath of office Tuesday, that of issuing a proclamation endorsing the Fourth War Loan. The new war-time executive called upon Mississippians “tty meet the challenge of the Fourth War Loan with relentless work and sacrificial purchase of War Bonds until our State’s Soil,000,000 goal is won.” The nation-wide drive was launched on the date of Gov. Bailey’s inauguration. Shown above, witnessing the signing of the proclamation, are: Rex I. Brown, Chairman of the State War Finance Committee; and M. B. Swayze, Executive Manager of the War Finance Staff. An E-Bond Pennant is hanging in the back ground. Local Paralysis Drive Is On; All Citizens Urged to Give Churches Asked to Take Special Offerings State Men Given Good Conduct Medal Lt. John F. Carroll, Public Re lations Officer, Camp Sibert, Ala., has released the following promo tions for men in the Chemical War fare Service of his camp: James A. Monroe, promoted to rank of Corporal. Was born in For est, Miss., and before induction was employed with the Dixie Grey hound Linos. He is me son of Mr. o m Mo roe, Indianola, Miss. Artnur L. Brakefield, promoted to ! rank of Technician 5th grade, born in Jackson and was a student at the time of his induction. He is the son of Mrs. Gertrude M. Brake field, 551 W. Pascagoula. Mardock Smith, promoted to rank of Technician 5th grade. Born in Tylertown and was a student at time of induction. He is the son of Mr. Addo Smith, Tylertown, Miss. Hamilton Wade, promoted to Technician 5th grade, was born in ! Bay Springs, Miss. He is the hus band of Mrs. Gertrude Wade, 226 Short Currie St., Hattiesburg. 1 T/5 Paul Williams, son of Mrs. Rosine Benn Williams of Bay St. Louis, Miss., and who is stationed at Camp Claiborne, La., was also (recently promoted to the rank of sergeant. Adult Fellowship Group to Sponsor Verse Choir The ArU.lt Ft i i will ■ - '-a V ••• .r. l . x . }.x. to c- .11 PiCte 1 . .-.ns ior tat . : csentation of the “Tiiree Loves." This concert will be rendered February 21, at Pratt Memorial Church. The first general practice will be held Tues day night at 7:00 P. M„ January 25. A. M. Lovelace of Jackson Col lege is the director, aided by Mrs. | S. W. Miller (Costumer), Miss Ed j na L. Davis (Music), Mrs. Gloria j Evans (Music), Mrs. Edith Elkins, Campbell College, chairman of Love of God scene, Kermit Holly, chair - j man of Patriotic Love scene, and Mrs. Calvin Blalock, chairman of Affectionate Love scene. Outstand ing voices will be heard on this program, which promises to be the greatest of musical concerts ever presented in Jackson. The Fellowship group are spon soring a very unique program at Pratt Memorial Church, Sunday, January 23, at 7:30 P. M. This pro gram is under the direction of Mrs. Gloria Evans, English instructor, from the University of Wisconsin, now a teacher of English at Jack son College. “The Verse Speaking Choir.” This program promises to be educational as well as enjoyable. The public is cordially invited to attend. >.nr ^ •? • r ' I ^ e W. i. W» iieieased By O. W. I. The latest announced casualties of the United States Armed Forces from the outbreak of the war total 139,858, the Office of War Infor mation reported today. This total, arrived at by combining the latest available War and Navy Depart ment reports, includes: Dead, 32,078; wounded, 45,595; missing, 32,478; prisoners of war, 29,707. Of these 1,619 have died in prison camps, mostly in Japanese occupied territory. The War Department report (as of December 23. 1943) shows Army casualties totaling 105,229. Of this number 16,831 were killed, 38,916 The National Foundation for In-’ fantile Paralysis has begun its eleventh annual appeal for funds from all Americans, Negro and white, with which to carry on the people's fight against infantile paralysis. The dimes and dollars of all of us make possible the continuance of this vital effort to safeguard our national health. And the health of your NEIGHBORS and their CHILDREN. Too often we forget that the i individual forms an. integr.,1 part | of this national pattern and that the nation’s physical well-be'.ng of its ! nationals. Polimyelitis—infantile paralysis— strikes individually, sectionally or nationally. But whichever the man ner of its striking it always AT TACKS WITHOUT WARNING. Fortunately, through the Nation al Foundation for Infantile Para lysis and its nation-covering net work of Chapters, the people, of America have built up a strong defense against the ravages of in fantile paralysis; while night and day in the laboratories of the Na tional Foundation supported re search workers fight on . . . fight on so that a full offensive against the disease may be developed. By contributing to this cause of the people, Negro and white, we all can bring immeasurably closer line day wneu the CHILDREN’S VICTORY shall be secured. On Tuesday night, January 18, a ; group of citizens were' called to [ gether by Dr. S. D. Redmond to Iform a committee to raise funds | for the cripple children of the j state of Mississippi in cooperation with the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis. There are many children in our state who want a chance to grow straight and strong and to run and play like other children, and it was brought out at this meet ing whatever donation is made by the Negroes of Jackson will help these and other children. Every church is asked to raise a special offering for the cripple on Sunday, January 23, or Sun day, January 30, Please send your | offering to Dr. C. L. Bames, 119 I N. Farish St. The committee is made up of the following: Mrs. Lucius Roy Patton, Chairman, Mrs. Frank Conic, Secretary, Mrs. C. L. Barnes, Treasurer, Mrs. Jack Young, Chair man of Fraternities and Sororities, Mrs. Carsie Hall, Chairman of Clubs and the Publicity Commit tee. Mr. Gordon, Chairman of the Churches, Mrs. S. W. Miller, Chair man of the Business places. Persons present at this meet ing were: Dr. S. D. Redmond, E. W. Banks, S. W. Miller, Mrs. S. \V. Miller, Pres. Jacob Reddix, Prof. I. S. San ders, E. L. Gordon, Mesdames S. W. Miller, Jack Young, Doris T. Hall, Anita B. Scott, Luma M. Pat | ton, Sadie Barnes, Dorris GoniJ, 'e. L. Ccr;l a. M.-s. McDowell end daughter | (white) were present to give all j ; necessary nuGiirun-uu to the group. wounded. There were 24.067 miss ing, 25,415 prisoners of war. Of the wounded, 20.036 have returned to active duty or been released from the hospital. The casualties include 12.500 Philippine Scouts; of these 469 were killed, 747 wounded and the remainder are assumed to be prisoners of wrar. The Navy Department report (us of January 14, 1944) shows casual ties whose next of kin have been notified, totaling 34,629, made up of 15,247 dead; 6,679 wounded; 8, 411 missing; 4,292 prisoners of war. These were divided as follows: Navy: dead, 11,935; wounded, 3,- ( 125- missing, 7,676; prisoners of war, 2,343; totals, 25,079.