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Attala register. (Kosciusko, Miss.) 1843-1844, June 03, 1843, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065294/1843-06-03/ed-1/seq-1/

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ii"n xrii
- 1
. weekly at 2 per annum
Tl.BLIMlI.v . . ftl(? vear
- .m iv.au i
PiWl 1 .Sbni publiehed at 75 cents pr
hfn the first insertion and 374 cents
SU4 .u nminuance.
x eacu ,,,,111.1
I. ...u:' "Three Wise men of
rwork o full of jot and
rl - cotirft. wit, and sense, that his
CWn ought to be ashamed of its
H Emulation among them one of
nw.who had been brought up in
cotton factory, according to the most
C L,aA recipe of the tariff mongers,
':n.inein the wealth of the nation,
Id the virtue and happiness of its peo
! rives to his brethren the following
count oi ins uunwu.- ..v-
.i.iamc 'tis true: butnumberless scenes
;uuw, . . r , .
at have come to llgui, uum iuc mtv
orof those unnatural hot house ot pre-
ndustrv caiicu manuuviurtrs,
,ow that fiction here, as in many other
stances, falls short of the truth.
Mv father, saia me inau-inuciuue,
in en trie IWliavui v,".iwu. ..v.
(ttle or no money, but was blessed with
Sie poor man's weaun,a mmiui wue nnu
real store of children. Of these I am
;p oldest: but we were all too young to
ike care of ourselves, until the fortun-
!te discovery was mads by some great
hilanthropist, that little children, six or
.ven vears old, could labor a dozen or
krteenhoursa day without stintingtheir
Viinds. mining their health, or destroy-
y their morals. This improvement in the
rent scemce of productive labor, de
rhted mv father it was shifting the
Ms.ajthe lawyers say, from his own
houlders to his children's. He forth
vitli bound us all over to a cotton manu
factory, where we stood upon our legs
ihree times as long as amemoer oi oon
;ress, that is to say, fourteen hours a
by, and among us, managed to earn a
;uinea a week. The old gentleman
or gentleman he become from the mo
nent he discovered his little flock could
naiataia him thought he had opened
i mine. He left off working, and took
o drinking, and studying the mysteries
ifpolitical economy and producti ve labor,
lesoon become an adept in this glori
ms science ; and at length arrived at the
lappy couclusion, that the whole moral,
ihysical, political and religious organiza
ion of society, resolved itself into mak
ng the most of human labor, just as we
Id that of horses, oxen and asses.
"I was nine years old when I went
nto bondage, and had previously learned
oread and write pretty fluently, for in
ny country, there are few so poor that
hey cannot obtain these advantages.
t was luckily for me, for I never learned
my thing afterwards, but the art of add
ng to the amount of productive labor.
I continued in this happy asylum of
nam innocence till I was thirteen years
d. I say happy, according to the glo
bus science of 'productive labor.' It
8 true, we had little to eat; but as we
M httle time to eat it in, it was of little
sequence whether we had plenty to
tat or not. The short space allowed
ls wr eating, had another great advan
ce as the superintendent assured us.
swallowing without chewing, our
od was longer in digesting, and of
!urse administeied more to our nourish
ent He instanced the snakes, who
'Ways SWalloWfifi thfir nr
f?l tne wisdom of serpents was prover-
wu ana lime were preaca
!ous t,lings, and people ought to make
ne most of them. I was also a maxim
,,umm,that too much liberty or leas-
fei Wag (Hilt fit Ulna
- w much time to eat it in. ' It made
ple radicals and unbelievers. Thus
I Proved that the little we had to eat,
lP? uttle time we had to eat it in.
v -uigniy Deneficial.
Lrl n rce this salutary doctrine,
In . L-, a system 01 fines, which for a
Wtlh,lemade a Sreat hole in our
Wd. tl moments were all num
w 1 , vas a fine for every moment
afin?5eeded the limited time of meals-
ar " v W,,1B anowea lorall theordian
jenny, when the poor souls, worn out
with the endless, motionous toils of the
day, involuntarially sought refuge in a
momentary forgetfulness. In short, we
ware chained and enslaved by a system
of petty fines and exactions, which, in
addition to the certainty of being pun
ished on Saturday night when we car
ried homo our diminished earnings, soon
made us as docile as the galley slave at
his oar. We had neither time to learn,
nor inclination to play for the short int
ermission of our labors were passed in
dozing. We became stupified in mind,
and tne functions of our bodies gradually
obeyed the impulses of the engine which
gave life and motion to the great ma
chinery. By the time I had been there
three years I felt as if soul had transmi
grated into a spinning jenny, and as if I
had actually become a piece of machinery."
j(py -"Viivu IV1 Ull illC uiuiuu-
lookm pat,ons of nature a fine for
m a wndow a fine for open
focatin dow though we might be suf
haltin?,LaaatmosPhereof cotton ex
C;; 'hfated ! m oven-afine for
on? ftuMt W6 8hou,d blow away
aim ., r ui uuiiuu, nam mus
fninish the "nrodnrtiv. UhJ Th.
VII C . 4 w. w -w IUUVI
-ne tor nodding
over a spinning
Messrs. Editors: For the enc ournge
ment oi manuring,I send you the follow
ing practical facts justas they occurred,
if you value them as highly its I do you
will make loom for them in your paper.
A piece of the oldest, poorest and most
worn out land I owned and thickly set
with Bermuda grass was selected. I
should observe, the Bermuda grass when
well broke up in the winter' gives very
little hither trouble although it is not
killed. The piece of land, beina well
broke up twice in the winter, was put
in corn and well cultivated. It was a
good crop year, the corn, in cludting
rotton nubbins and all, made near one
barrel to the acre. Next winter the
field was made larger, well broke up,
and covered broad-cast with leaves
from the woods, and such other manure
as was at command; it was put in corn
and made three barrels per acre of good
corn. It was again well broke up in
the winter, covered broad-cast with
leaves and soil from the woods, with a
little manure from the horse lot, a storm
passed over the field and blew it very
badly, it however measured seven bar
rels ot good soun d corn (much of the
corn being rotton and not measured,)
per acre. The whole field was now
sown in oats without manuring: .ill who
saw it said, it was the best field of pats
they ever saw; it was very tall and
had to be cut with reap hooks. Middle-
ton Thompson who is a good practical
planter, insists it it had maue one more
shock, the ground could not have held
the shocks. It made three large double
stacks per acre; as the size of a stack
ofoatsisonly comparative, to give a
better idea of its produce, I would say,
on fresh land, the best oats I have ever
made, has never produced more than
one stack ot the same size to every
three acres; so that this field made nine
times as much per acre as the best land
I ever cultivated. The next winter,
this field was partially covered broad
cast, where it seemed most to need it,
with litter from the woods as well from
the horse lot, and directed to be broken
up during the winter. Another little
field of fresh land was manured broad
cast where it most rco,uired it, with
stable manure, which was given to me
by one of my neighbors Another little
fieid of this land was put in cotton; the
rest of my cotton crop was 150 acres
on another part of the plantation, nof
connected with these three little fields.
I had a long spell of sickness, and when
I was able to examine my crop, I was
disappointed to find that the whole
cotton crop was planted without break
ing up the ground in the winter, and
covered in such a way, as to throw the
cotton seed out of the rows, instead of
covering them in the rows. I discharged
my overseerimmediatlv. and employed
have it ''ginned and packed: in a few
days Iiq came and said the cotton would
overgo hn calculation, and required
more baggingthe quantity he wanted
was got la lew days more, he again
came and informed me the cotton still
over went his calculation, and he must
have more bagging he was again
directed to get it. 1 now went to
examine my cotton, and rather found
fault with Mr. Barber (as a practical
planter) in hi3 judgment what the land
vyould produce. He said he had made
the crop, and knew how it had been
injured; first, from loss of the first and
most important working; second, the
Bermuda grass from not being broke
up in the winter, had been in the way
the whole season and injured it greatly;
that again, part of it was not rnannre'd
at all, and that no part had half a stand;
that he was confident it had not made
half a crop, that it was all now ginned
up, that there were sixteen 5i yard
bags of well packed cotton; that he
certainly never was so much deceived,
and was more fully convinced thai the
study of the planter should be how to
manure. Is not the history of the little
crop as I have given it, sufficient to put
those who shall read it in the notion,
that the proper system of planting is t j
cultivate less land' make that rich, and
put it in high culture. Here is (by guess)
15 acres, w hich we think by bad manage
ment has not made half a crop, still
produces sixteen bales. Now take
plantations such as ve shall find them
over the country: if a planter wishes
to make fifty bales, he vill be unsafe
in trusting to make it on less than 200
acres; make 25 acres rich and put in
high culture, and he will be sure of his
fifty bales, (barring accidents.) If he
will but his whole crop under high
culture, he will, have seven-eigths of
his time to make manure, and still malu
as much as he now does; the question
is not where to find manure, whoever
begins wiil always find the materials at
command, if he will give sufficent time
and attention to it; seven-eighths of his
land will be at rest, and he can select
the best spots to manure. Ligtlv ma
nuring land is a waste of time and labor;
the crop perhaps is improved, but the
land is no better than before; so manure
year after year, until the whole nature
of the land is chemically changed, and
poor land made rich. The field above
alluded to, was a thin white ridge, I have
never yet made one acre rich; butbv par
tially manuring a number ot acres, 1 have
made in corn 46 bushels per acre; in oats
the products have been increased nine
fold; in wheat 45 bushels to the acre
five bushels is a passable crop; in cotton,
I have never made an acre do its best.
I presume, if one hundred dollars was
offered to him who would cultivate the
best acre of cotton, not more than one
would make two bal es per acre.
Zygodon has been bestowed upon it.
The boxes are to be taken to London,
for the investigation of British natural
ists. -'
Gkneral Cass. We see by the late
English papers, that in a recent discus
sion in the House of Lords on the
Ashbuiton treaty, Lord Brougham
pronouced a tirade against this distin
guished gentleman, which is more wor
thy the name of 'Billingsgate' than any
thing we have lately noticed. "When
bad men praise me I fear I have done
something wicked," was the remark of
an ancient wise man- And on the samd
principle, when the high functionares of
England pour out the vials of their
vituperation upon those who have
incurred their hate, we mav be sure that
these last have done somthing in favor
of the rights of nations and of the calls
of humanity. Great Britain cannot
forgive General Cass for his masterly
exposure, at Paris, of its ambitious
schemes and projects. Their censure
is his highest praise. Augusta Age.
Countermanded. The order of the
Secetary of the Treasury to the Col
lector of this port, prohibiting the
publication of Exports, has been
rescinded and yesterday the several
Reporters were allowed the privilege of
copying,atthe Customhouse, the export
manifest. The remonstrance of the
p ress, and the expression of the commer
cial portion of the cinzens of New
Orleans, has had a salutary effect, and
the Secretary has repaired the fault he
probably unwittingly commited through
the representations oi some designing
person,or persons. N. O. Jef.
For the three months ending on the
21st of March last, the coinage at theN.
Orleans Mint amounted to $1,000,000,
ot which $9 1 6,000 was m gold.-iV. O. Jef.
Ginger Beer. Asa summer beverage,
we give the following recipe, as furnish
ed us by a friend, knowing it to be ex
cellent: Take 1 oz. of cream tartar, 1 oz. of
ginger, coarsely pounded, and 2 lbs. of
honey, to every gallon ot water. Put
these ingredients into a jar or pail, and
pour in the water at boilhg heat, stir
it until all are thoroughly mixed; best to
do this early in the morning, when milk
warm, stir in three large spoonfuls of
yeast to every gallon of water. When
settled, pour oft the liquor into a jug;
cork close; and if made early in the
morning, bottle it up the same night.
Be careful to tie the corks well with a
stout twine. A thirsty man on a hot
sultry day, will relish this very much.
We know it.
Mr. Barber, a good practical planter
Specie in the Boston Banks. The
Banks Commissioners, as one of their
last official acts (says the Daily Adver
tiser) have just taken an account oi the
specie now in the Banks ot uoston, the
result of which shows that they are in
a very gratifying condition. The gross
amount of specie in all of them, at the
close of business on the 21st., was $5,
100,000 or but little more than half the
ammount of specie on hand. Pic.
in his place; he was directed to pass
over the crop examine and see what
had best be done; his opioion was that
the 150 acres could produce no cotton,
and had better be ploughed up and put
in com; that on the other three Uttle
fields, by earful working, a half stand
might be saved; so observe, the cotton
crop consisted of three little fields
making, as we guess, 15 acres. By
having to plough up 150 acres and plant
it in corn, the cotton lost its first and
most important working; the Bermuda
grass by losing its winter's breaking,
was very much in the way and done
much injury; we think no part had
more than half a stand. Now for the
produce: when nearly all the cotton
picked was out, 1 directed Mr. Barber,
who, observe, is a good practical
planter, to get bagging sufficient and
American Manufaclures.-Thure are
9,000 cotton mills in the United States,
with an aggregate capital of 50 million
dollars invested. In these mills are
40,000 looms, and their products is
about 560,000,000 of yards each year.
The advantage in favor of the American
manufacture on the score of expense is
so great that there is every probability
of the American article being able to
enter into successful competition with
the ' English article upon their own
ground. Wheeling Gazette.
The Ztdooon. A communication in
the New Yorx Evening Post mentions
that there have existed in that city near
ly a year, the fossilized bones of an ex
tinct gigantic reptile, seventy feet in
length, and filling fourteen large boxes.
They were discovered six feet beneath
the surface, on the plantation of Judge
Creagh, Clark county, Alabama. They
are complelo; not a rib or vertebra be
ing wanting, and are in a beautiful state
of preservation. From a minute inspect
ionof these osseons remains, is be
lieved that the animal to which they be
longed was of a species between the
whale and lizard tribe, and the nam? of
To core a burn. A Quakeress prea
cher in New York was so success
ful in curing burns, that many of the
lower class supposed her possesed of
the power oi working miracles, lhe
following is the receipt for the medi
cine: Take one ounce. of beeswax
with four ounces of Burgnndy pitch,
simmered together in an earthen vessel,
in as much sweet oil as will soften
them into the consistency of . salve
when cool Stir the liquid when ta
ken from the fire till quite cool.
Keep it from the air in a tight box or
jar. When used spread it thinly on a
cloth and apyly it to the part injured.
Open the burn with a needle to let out
the water till it heals. Am. Farmer.
This useful - and elegant cement,
hich is beautiffuly white, and dries
almost transparent is made bv nixiag
rice flour intimately with cold water
and then boiling it. Papers pasted
together with this cement, will sooner
seperate in their own substance than
at the joining. It is, therfore, an excel, -lent
cement in the preperation of
curious paper articles, as tea trays, la
dies' dressing and working boxes, and
other articles which require lavers of
paper to be cemented together. In every
respect it is preferable to common
paste made with wheat flour. It
answers well for pasting into books the
copies off by copying machines on
unsized silver paper. With this compo
sition, made with a small quanity of
water, that it may have a consistency
similar to plastic-clay, medals busts,
statutes basso-relievos, and the like may
be formed. When dry, the articles
made of it are susceptible of the highest
degree of polish; they are also very

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