Newspaper Page Text
.t; V wrnkL JOURNAL 0 v .-ni i if ? t: ;,rtT yam n. HAnPER ' 1 T V " ' r 7 7 9 . - 11 1V gditor and Proprietor. V - TFRMSt Subictfption TwoH Dollars navablen advances or Three Dollars if pavmentB'aie not made .within .u..TumniH'hS. .' ;',?'.' ." Adveiitisement will be inserted at the I'ol owiug raieB, w wui iw ctcij tcn lines or lees, first Insertion, one jniinr! and for each Subsequent in sertion .. firty cents, payable in ad. vance.cr upon the hrst insertion. For announcing names for State and Distric offices, $10,nd for-Couuty OlllCes yo, i t a- Tlie casA wt be;required for kll JOB Wot kui $oon a delivered. t aituro mi buisness With the officeto ensure attentionniust be post pdUl. lSOCliAJIATIO.Y' f By ALBUM' G. BliOWNov- i' ' EXECUTIVE CHAMBER. ) Jackson, Misp.j August, 1845$ g1R: As ihe period i rapidly ap proaching at which we shall be called upon to hold a general election to fill all the vacant'oiiice hi the state, it is your duty to make yourselves familiar witli tue servieu required oi you oy law in conducting this election, to the ' end that all things connected There with may Oe done properly.' it wilt not have escaped your ob servation that in addition1 o voting for all th ojjicers to be tlectcd, it will be the duty oi the electors to vju; for or taiiist too several amendments to the constitution proposed at the last session of the legislature. ' Tne first is in regard to '.'slaves;" The second section of the seventh ar ticle of the constitution as it now stands under the title slave.," is in these words: "Sec.2. 77te introduction of slave into this state, at merchandise or fur sail, thalt be prohibitedfrom and af ter the first day of May, eighteen" hun dred and thirty-three; provided, that the actual settler of settler shall not be prohibited from purchasing stave in any itale in this union and bringing them into this state for , their own indi vidual use, Qtl the year eighteen huih dred and forty-five.'" , . Ihis section ol the constitution it is proposed to amend, so as to read as follows:' . ' ' - "Sec. 2. The ' legislature . shall have, and are hereby vested with tower to pass such laws regulating oil prohibiting the introduction of slaves into tiii state as may be deemed proper and expedient." I append the act of the legislature which proposes the above amendment, majked A. ' From'tho secfruP, fcetitrrm of which, you will learn thai the voter who is tor the amendment, will write (or print) on his tipket '"SLAVES amendment," and if 0ied to it, he will place on his ticket "JsLAEE no amendment ." , f Thu third section,o which your at tention is particularly called, makes it your duty to make return to the secre tary ol siate, of all ihe votes cast in your county for or against klie propos ed amendment and also the whole NLMTJEil OF V. TEi GIVE-S FOR MEMBERS OP tuk legislature. To ascertain how many votes were Cast for memiiers of the legislature, you will keep a separ ate tally at each box of the tickets on whicu the name of no candidate for the legislature appears the whole number of these suostracted from the whole number "of votes cast will give you, of course, the number of votes polled for membeis of the legislature. You should be particuler in making your return under this section of the law, as error or inattention will vitiate all that has been done or may hen-after be done on this subject, and sub ject you to severe imputations. The second proposition to amend the constitution, has for its object the separation of our judicial from our political elections. 1 append the act of the legislature, marked H. To- the third section ot this act, your atten tion is-especially directed. Its require ments must not be neglected. It shall be the duty of the several officers holding'the elections, to ask the voter as he presents his ticket, VAro you lor or against amending the constitu tion, so as to electjudges and political officers at different times" and the ,. clerks of the election will be careful to ' keep a record of the vofes polled for anu tgainst tne amendment; but ' no electoi will bo allowed to vote on this question who does not tote for mem bers of the legislature. I append, marked C, the article of the constitu tion entitled Mode' of revising the constitution," from which you willsee the mcessity of making your returns in this case with the same accuracy as In the case tiist above leferred to all the instructions given you in the first instance, as to the manner ol making return are reiterated and re-enjoined in this; - ' The writ of election (a copy of which is appended, marked U,) contains a list oi the Offices to be titled. It is deemed unnecessary to give you any farther instructions in regard ,to your duties, than merely to ealtyour atten tion to the constitution ' and statutes airectiug the manner of making r. turns 1, Theeturnea of the eleclionVor governor shall be sealed up and trans mitted to the seat of : governrner.t, di- '' "' "" i ! '. ' m -in him ' ' y- -- V ' ' " , a . ; - ; ' ' ' " .'"' f" 1111 " J M iiiini ii it. ... iiriM-i ir i . - i i -i .. mi .. i - i j, i i VOL. 9. I0. . KOSC U 8KO, 111., SATURDAY Stlir.llCKIM3, 1843, WHOLE IO; 01. recied to the secretary pf state," see Sec' 2. That the Secretary of State sec, 2, article 6V (executive depart- shall give public notico of (die to'rego ment. constitution.,. vYj)u will write ing amendment at least six months aoross the peal of the pufkage contain.1 previoustio the next general , election; ing the returns, '-election returns for according ro-the provisions . of the governor.'' and sign your name officii r Constitution; ' , ally. The package contiiinin the e-r Sec- 3. That it shall be the duty or led ion returns for governor "must not the several officer holding the next contain any other retunis. general elcctiou, to ask the qualified 2. Fhe returns for all (Jther state and voters, as they present their tickets, county officers nnist be nade directly whether ihey are for or against said to the secretary of state, an 4 despatch-, amendment; anj the 'several clerks (id by you, enclosed in a- well sealed (fihalUnako record thereof, as the ' an p ickaje, throuch the mail or some 'swer mtv hnt Hnd tlm sninn hnll h other safe conveyance If sent hv mail, you willplac the fcifckaje in tho'the time and manner, now "prescribed Iost omco in time lor tfcij,, hrst. post V iKther you send by knail or, other conveyance, you will relain an exact copy, so that in case of loss or miscar riage, you can make another return. 3. ihousrh vou should enclose thd Ik vrtl' alirviilif onplnun tA 1 returns fontircuit judge in your geu- eral returns to the secretary of state, p." JV rilJll lA V II V llnu 1 1 II? you must make & separate return to the sheriff of the county first named in your cirru.it court district, (see page 479, uowarn nuiciiinson digest 1 4. i:ou will bo carelul iii makine your returns to write out the immesof the persons mentioned in full. ' This will be important when the commis- moiih are made out. Write your re turns in a plain leeible heand, and set ilovvn the , icuniber of votes in each se in ligures ana jIso in w ords. 6. ;in making returns for members of the board of police, you must bt par ticular to mention the district by num ber in winch each member resides. This, you must on no account neglect. Ineed scarcely mei.tion that judges and other district officers are elected by the qualified voters within their re spective districts, and though in the general writ of election hereto appen ded, the judge of the High Court of iiiuia uiiu ajipt-ais, giMiiiH Qiiancery clerks, ard other district officers are mentioned, they are not to be voted for out of their districts, respectively. Ypu vill cause copies of this circu lar to be posted up at different places in yourcounty, and the officer coii luct tng the " election at each box to be furnished with a copy on the first day of the election. . - A. G. BROWN. w .Z. AN 'ACT to amend the Constitu tion of the State of Mississippi. '. -Auction . lie -it etmcivd fcy the. .., gisluturemof the Stale of Jlissisiipfri, Uwo thirds of each branch thereof con- r- I l J. -1 curing.) 1 hat the second section of the seventh article of the Com-titution of the titute, under the . title or head "slaves," be so altered and changed as to read a's follows, to wit: Sec. 2. "The Legislature shall have, and are "hereby vested with, power to pass "such laws regulating or prohibiting "the introduction of slaves into this 'state, as may be deemed proper and "expedient." Sec. 2. Be it farther enacted. That it shall be the duty of the Secretary .of Mate, at least six months p the genera! election in November, . u.... 1 ...... t! eighteen hundred and torty-five, to give notice, by advertising - in three or more public newspapers printed in rtiis State, of ibis . act, and the altera tion hereby proposed to be made to the Constitution of this State, and at said election, the qualified electors voting, for members of tiie Legislature, shall vote for or against the alterations herein proposed to be 'made in the Cons.itution, in the following manner, to wit: 'Ihose voting for the alteration herein proposed, shall write on their tickets the words"Se, amendment" and those voting against it, the words "Slaves, no amendment Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of Sheriffs of the several counties, in" this State, to make returns o(the votes given tor the mem bers of, the Legislature, to the. Secreta ry of Stito, to he by him laid betore the next succeeding Legislature; if it shall appear that a majority pf those voiing tor members of tne Legislature shall have voted lor the alteration herein proposed, the alteration or .amendment contained in this act, shall be insert ed by said Legislature iu the Constitu tion of this State, as a part thereof. Approved Feb. 24, 1844. M ' '"':'.' RESOLUTIONS to amend the . Constitution! of the State of Mississippi. RssotVED, by the Legislature of the State of .Mississippi, That the following article be added to the Constitution as an amendment thereto: Elections, ar ticle th: ' - ; f ; Section I. The Legislature, at the regular session therenf in the vearo ifl thousand t-iiht hundred and forty-sixij shall pass a law fixing the time of hold-i ing slecticm of Governor, Secretary j of State, Auditor of Public Accounts, State Treasurer, members ol the Le gislature,: and Representatives in Congress; which law shall provide that said elections shall not held at the time when other public officers are elected . . i ratnrnfi,! m ihnprniuru nf Ktta in by law. Approved Feb. 12, I64I. of Revisin'ir the Constitu- I ! 1 . , v:. if ' f l,ul,, ' f Whenever two-thirdsof each branch 1 01 ' me legiKlaturo shall deem any change, alteration, or amendment ne- ceHSry to this constitution, such pro- uueu cuauce, aiieration, or amenu- "ent shall be read and passed - by a majority oi two-thirds uf each house respectively on each day fo three severtl days: public notice thereof shall then be given, by the, secretary of state, at leatt six months preceeding the neit general election, at which the qualified electors shalL vote directly lor or against such change, alteration or amendment; and if it shall appear that a majority of the qualified electors voting for members of the legislature, shall have voted lor the proposed change, alteration, or amendment, then it shall be inserted, by the next suc ceeding legislature, as a part of this constitution, and not otherwise. W Albert CJ. Brown, GOVERNOR Of THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI, To the sheriff of county and stale aforesaid Grketing: Wheseas, the first Monday and day following, in November, 1845, (being the third and fourth days of the month.) is the time appoiated by law for hold ing an election in this state and whereas, jt is ftiade my duty to issue a writ, requiring you to hold the saidf election at tbe time and places appoint ed by law., v : INow, therefore, I, Albert G Brown. Governor of the .state of Mississippi. a : .1 . bold an election at the several election precincts in your county, on th.- first Monday and day following (being the thiid and fourth days) in November, 1845, tor the following olficers, to serve tne terms prescribed oy law, to-wit: . One Governor. 1 One Secretary of State. One Auditor of Public Accounts. One fcitate Treasurer. . Onje Attorney General for the State. Oiie Chancellor tor the State. . Four Members of Congn ss. v One Judge 0! the lligk Couit of Er rors and Appeals, for tlie third district, composed of thp counties, of Lafayette, 'Lowndes, Octibbeha, Choctaw, Carroll, 'l,..ll.....l,l rikl.l.. IU 1. r aiiauaicme, nicaaKaw, monroe, it i wamba, Marshall, Tippah and Tishe mingo. , One Judge of the , judicial dis trict, composed of the counties of . One District Att'y for the same dis tfut. - - . One Clerk of the Vice Chancery Court for the district of ' One Senator from the senatorial dis trict, composed of the 'counties of ' Representative to the state le gislature. One Sheriff. ' . ' One Clerk Circuit Court One Judge of frobete. ' One Clerk of the Frobate Court. One Coroner. .. ; One Assessor of taxes. , One County Treasurer. , One Ranger. ' ' j - v , ' One County Surveyor. : - - ' Five members of the foard of Tolice; and a Justice of the Feace and Consta ble, to till each vacancy in your county. And! do moreover enjoin it upon you to conduct said eleclion in all re- tmecis coulorniably to law, and to make due return thereof as the law directs. . '; , ' ' Given under my hand and the great . seal 'o' the state, at the city of Jackson. ,; ' . . ' ' ,.' . September 1st, 1845. ' ,; , A.Q. BROWN. By the Governor. .C a. Wn. HsiMiNowAy, Sec'y of State. uiiiiCM ( ard &c. WfLL devot his entire attention to the practice of the La, in tlu c Inn 11 iipnt Attula. T.f like. Winatnn. NP,,!ia nd Choctaw. Auv business oiitrunred to him will receive prompt atteil ;; Office iu Kosciusko.. August 1. 1R45 ly f llllOM. FROJrEll ll'Yt. Attorney X & Counsellor at Law, Kosciusko, iuisnssirpi.' Will practice in this and tho adjoining counties. ' , ' " t ; May 0, 1845.; , ;; ' , 46ntf ; " 1, FAREWELL TO SUMMER. The Summer is over farewell! ' "' The surf of the sea" Is roaring, i- ;, t The winds moan low in the dell, Like thope for the absent deploring; The Mountain grow russet and gray. For the season, like man, pass away. There's a world where winter comes not, " ' . , Where a farewell enters never, Where no clouds the atmosphere blot, And no change our friendships sever; That forld is the home of the soul, And how swiftly it flies to its goal! AN ODD FELLOW'S 1NITIA- V; BY ABEL KLKTCHKR. Having been previously proposeri and elected, 1 stalled one evening in company with a friend to go "to the lodge lor the pupose oj being initiated. My friend, who was al ready a member ol the Older, took me through many narrow streets and dark alleys turned several cor ners, and finally brought ine to a siiiinge looking building at the extreme end ol along, narrow and crooked alley in a remote part ol tne city, wuere 1 could not recol lect ol ever having been, before. From the dim lights which were feflected from the windows of the adjacent buildings, tne one to which my friend had conducted inc, and in which he informed me the Lodge met, appeared to me an untiime structure, which seemed to partake both of the Gothic and Egyptian orders. At any rate it was an odd looking aliair, and seemed to be a fit place for the as seuiblage together of a society of OddFellovvsT J followed my friend up a long winding staircase, through several narrow passages and then lip an other flight olstairsi. : Every thing as 1 advanced appeared peculiarly odd and doomV. the walls were fjit. Arat ' until riiAorrli?rti'ir.a unit! d,??V n ,a 8 nuW character, which could only be seen bv the dim light ol a lew tapers vvhicl were burning feebly at considera hie distances. A t the head of the stairs, was a long dark passage: the extreme end of which could be just discerned the feeble glimmer ins ot a small blue hmt. Al seemed calculated to excite terror and notwithstanding I had ofteli boasted ol ray courasie, vet I bean 10 ireniDie at tne tti"ugut ot pro - -I ..1 .t 1 1 ceeding lartlier. My Iriend took me by the arm and bid me in a low whisper not to be alarmed. At the entrance ol the passage a broad sword hung suspended from the ceiling, and as we advanced I read Inscribed upon the w v"""Bipparent- I y in letters ol itcmtsecreaj or Diuillu Struck with horror, I now determimed to'., return and proceed no further. I accordingly wheeled suddenly around and re solved to flee lor my life.' But lo! the enterance of the passage was closed; a strong iron door had been suddenly shut and locked by some invissible hand, and to escape was impossible. JMy lnend again grusped : ine by the arm,, and assured me that if I would follow him and make no resistance that I should not be harmed. ' Findinc that to turn hack was impossible, and to proceed was mv, only chance, 1 summoned all my cour age and determined to go lorward letv the consequences . be what tlict y might. j ' ... V . . 'We proceeded together until we arrived at the extreme end of 'the passage. Here I discovered by tin blue light of a taper, a small iron dooMn which wus port raved a human skeleton. Over the door was inscribed iheavwores: .: "Should thou prove treacherous renumber thy end." Again, I involuntarily started back but V low whisper sounded in my ear, "Remember Lot's wile.'V-MyfuenOiow wrnp ned at tho door which was answer ed by a hollow sepulcheral voic from within, .' which - demanded. "who art thou :iHjtit knockestt'- rtA brother ol the' mvstic Order with a (riend who wishes to be iniated into its mysteries' said ray companion. -: , . ; ; . ;;. 'A small slide onnhe door was now jmshed aside which made an openmgjat which my friend 'placed his mouti,nnd whispered something to the person; within. The door was then opened, upon which my friend entered, pulling me al'te'r him. ; Instantly . the door closed and bolted tifter me. .1 now found myself in asnjall room.whose walls furniture, floor and every ' . tliiusr were painted black. A Vinrular odor filled the room. In the center stood a small alter. on; which was burning a flame of peculiar cast. J now turned to see the person'who opened the door for our en t ranee... J4ibjtfiy, was euvelripea in a white gown or "surplice tlmt nearly reached tl flr; on his fiend ho wore a white turbanV'a long silver bear flowed Irom lib chin to his waist, and on his f:ov was the paleness ol de itli In ;m hand he grasped a spear upon which he Ienn?d as upon a statl'. Never shall 1 forget the emotions which passed through my breast at that moment ! Trembling with fear I turned to my friend, :when, lo! there sat upon his countenance the ghastly "paleness as the coun tenance ol him who guarded the door. I looked upun my hands, they also wore the same deatl v hue. Every thing around me was iright lully oci,andI was fully convinced tnat the Society well deserved it name, v : ' " r. My friend now bid me be seated : then clothing himself in a white apron and collar, he advanced to another door and rapped. Alter passing through the ' same cer emony as at first, he was per mitted to enter. I was now lelt afona with .the Guaidian to imag in -through what other scenes ! should be called to pass. But 1 was not left to meditate upon the matter long. Shortly the , door through which my friend had pas sed was opened, and tour men with drawn swuivia iu their hands, en tered from within, followed hv filth holding a burning torch in" his right hand and in his left the Holy Uibie with across stretched upon it. They were choihed in aprons and collais,anJ their countenances wore the same pale and deathlike iiue as did that of the Guardian. . The Bible was piaced unon the aiier m j.oni 01 tne name. -1 was commanded to kneel down before it, and to place my left hand upon the bible and cross, and my rtsiht nana upon my lelt breast. Une of the men now placed the noint 01 ins s woru against my breast, an ..e 1 1 . other against my right side, the intra my lelt, and the fourth against my uuck. in tuts awlul attitude 1 t . 1. 1 .. . . ... was told by the man with the toroh that. I 'must take a solemn, oath never to divulire any of the secrets ot the Order that might be reveal ed to me. The oath was administered, but trembled to repeat it. I will not hock the reader with its repitition nor with the blasphemous penal ties auacnea to its violation. I was now stnooed of mv , r.lo thingand then blindfolded. A halter was next placed round mv. neck: ana in tins delenceless and ouscene :onditioti I was led with some ceremony into the Lodge room. m entering the brethren commen ceu u song, during the siuam ' ot which 1 was marched - round the room tor them to gaze at. i ' When the song was finished - 1 was placed astride of a rail, -which was told was the odd fellows goat, and thai I; could never be come ati OJdXHw until I had first to rid; a goat. In this har; harous manner 1 was carried three times around the room finally stop, ped in tront of the wardens' chair, llere my -blinder was raised' suffi ciently lor.me to see, when oneoi the brethren having on a mask re sembling a; goat's head', butted me smack off the rail on the floor. Enraged at such cruel treatment, I bawled out , ost lustily,, vvhejn instantly a.cap was pulled "over my head and drawn around my neck so tight that my noise was at once sloped.. '''r', ;;.. ''.''!'f After I had b'ecomf silent, the string was loosened suiHcienlly to allow me to breathe. I was then1 conducted 10 another part 01 tho room, when 1 was suddenly knock ltd down upon the floor, and on nttemtirig to" yet up, l found my. self so completely entanyled in cords, that 1 was unable to rise. At length 1 w as helped up and asked what 1 most desired. I was told, to suv 'clothing upon which I was " dresed in a kind of gown resem bling a shirt, I was next rJouduc tecj to the ; Noble Grand's chair when I was again asked what I most desired. I was this ; time told to say.'.' Suddenly the cap was lifted off iny he;jd, arid a bright light was burning lief.. re my eyes, that for a time almost blinded' me. As soon as 1 recovered my sight, I discovered before lift lilter from which a dense smoke arose that perfumed the hail. On 1 each side of (the alter Was burning a brilliant red ..Jight that gave a strange appearance to every tiling around me. Kven the very smoke : seemed tinged witfru hcariet hue, when suddenly in the midst 1 saw a human figure pierced through -with a dart, and w ith its head ser ved from its body. And i omihe niter there" came a voice saving, See there the fate ol'him who. vi olatesiire vow of ah Odd Fellow.'' , Suddenly the vision vanished, the lights were extinguished, and apeal of thunder shook., the buil ding. A loud demoniacal laugh now rang through the room, and the horror of the darkness, words of awful import were, seen writ-r ten in letters of fire upon the wall around me. Figures of unearthly shapes were seen moveing through the, room, with tapers in, their hands that barely emitted light to disurn the beings who held them. Clanking of chains, and low sepul chral groans were heard as if coin ing up from beneath the floor upon which I stood. A voice was now heard saying "listen to the agoni sing trroans of thosevwho have vi olated the vow ot an Odd Fellov.". The groans grew louder and final ly died away in a low murmur. Another peal of thunder jarred the building to its foundation, sud denly, the darkness vanished & light was restored. The smoke from the alter ceased to ascend.- Behind it stood three figures, ciothedin. the scarlet robes,., with veils drawn over thejr faces, with mitres on their heads. vThe two others leaned upon spears which they held in their hands. The in ner one held in his right hand a book from which he read the fol Iwing:. "Stranger, at your own solicitation and request," you have been eiected a member of this Or- derand have been so far initiated into its mysteries. . The scenes through which you have passed are full of instruction and are designed to make a deep and lasting impress ion uoon. vour "mind." The "uale vissage which you first saw upon enng, should remind you -that you are mortal, and must soon ' quit the busy scenes of life, to join ttie paler nations ol the dead. As you were sti ipped of your clothing, blinded and haltered,' and in tikis condition led about . at our will. but was finally clothed and restor- d to light at vour request, so you should remember that when a brother is stripped of his property :y ins creditors, and pesecuted by us foes and calls upon vou lor as sistance' it is your duty to clothe nis naneuness, feed lus hungry wile tnd children, and to aid him even to the half, of your "prooertv. Your being required to . ride;'ur goat, should teach vou to 1 ide fea.- esslv across the stormy sea of life, to endure with lortilu le tin tro.ib- es aiiddilficiilties with, which you may be called to eru'oiintor. in our pilgrimage through the world. uiuer sueus iii:nigi wuioti ou have passed are all detained to Tipress upon your mind the va,;ius oiie ot 111.-, and what you may expect should you dare to divu'go toe secrets ot this OrJer, Jt now remains for me to instruct you in to pass word grip and sign. "The pass word of tho. rurrent quarter is ",j4;v'the explanation is J)i'viltyi which will admit , you in ta any Lodge of Odd' Fellows in tie univse. '- f ,, , - . "The grip is civen - by hooking the fingers together." : 1 he countersign is given by artly closing the hand placing he end of the thumb against the tip of theJnosie,,:C';"w-"; . ... " '', "As you advance into me nigner 'X 1 1 'I. m..':, . ..