- ' - , ... . . M - - ' ' ... ...... -- :, .. .
vol. a. no. 10.
PUBLISHED EVEV SATURDAY BY"
. WM. BROWN HARPER, .
Editor and Proprietor.
VeRMS. Subiciintion Two Dollars, payable
V m advance; or inree uoitars, it payments sissippi, lor a lull course of fret instruc
aie not made within three months. tj0ll wllch' w f t h celebrate
Advertisements will be inserted at the follow- ana n- . icuiiie,
f rates, to wit: For every ten lines onl3one ol no smal1 mportance in its char-
V lees, first insertion, one dollar; and lor each cter,nnd we may be permitted to hope it
I gubseuuent inertion fifty cents, payable in 's one which will prove to be of. the high-
advance, (f upon the first insertion.
For announcing, names for State and Distric suits. We cannot lay claim, perhaps.
I "TAW- 1 5' M'y ginulity in thLcheme iSelfZt
tftThe calh will be required for all JOB m.f 'uture. l.ime the citizens of Natchez
I Work a$ toon at delivered, j will be entitled to the credit, of being the
,frr Letters on business with the- office, to
toture wut-Hnww ' i fma.
From the Jeffeisonian Republican.
SONS UF LABOR.
liiin with hi coat o.T, busily engaged u-poa
the figure head of a sl,ip, Yesterday's Cou
aoiis of labor! ever strongest,
Of the soldiers freedom owns;
First to meet, and Jam and longest
In the conflict with the drones.
Sturdy sons of. labor! ranging
Side by sid. to battle Wrong,
With the weak, who still unchanging,
Struggle on against the strong. .
Lynx-eyed sons of labor! seeing
Danger earliest from afar,
And then rallying, battling;' being
All that glory's children are.
Sons of labor! ever foremost,
When the trumpet calls the brave
Ever" readiest ever warmest,
For the victory, or the grave.
Who shall marvl that he lead them?
Lead a people stern and proud i
Stern in truth, and proud in freedom. "
He, of labor's sinewy crowd.
Who shall marvel! what the wonder,
That a h'eart and mind of those '
Free electri(fas the thunder, '
Should arise, where freedom rose1
"' .' , ,; "- ' - ....;
Let tho brood of tinsel doubt him
. Where if place- hi.;:, he shall stand,
God's nobiiity about him
Justice in his iroi, hand.
Sons nf labor, whoso opinions
Rhle, have"cho.-ten labor's son,
Elfeminacy's tawdry minions
Dare not murmur it is done. J,;
Sturday soiis of litbor! Rtronsfi-st :
, V here the flood of battle moans, . ,
And the earliest and the longest,
t lr tho" conflict with tho drones.
Sejemlier Alh. IK45. . . " .T. II.
PULASKI'S HAN iNLR,
Wrought by fhe Moravian Sulers.at Belhlthetn.
When the dying flamp of day
Through the chan eel shot its ray, "
Par tlm' glimmering tapers shed
Faint light on the copied head;
And the censor burning swung,
Where, before the altar, hung
The blood-red banner that,' with prayer.
Had been consecrated there; ) " Twhile
And tne nuns' sweet hytun wtis heard the
Sung low in the dim, mysterious aisle.
Take thy banner! JVlay it wave
Proudly o'ur the, good and brave;
When the bailie's distant.wail ,
Breaksthe bahbath of tne vale;
VY hen the clarion's music thrills
To he hearts of these lone hills;
When the spear in conlliet shakes,
And the strong lance, shiverwig, breaks.
Take thy banner! and beneath
The war-cloud eucirculiug wreath,
Guard il! till our homes are free! .
liuard it! Uod will prosper theel
In the dark and trying hour, "
In the breaking forth of power,
In the rued, ol bteel and men, v ".,
His right baud will shield thee then.
Take thv banner! But when n In lit
Close round the ghastiv tight, "
B-l. the vanqu. plied warrior bow, -', '
(Spare him, by our holy vow,', , V.
y our piayei.1 and in any tears," . M
Jj the .unev thai endears.
'Sparc him he our love hail, spared,
rr"1" uiiii, as inou wouiusiue euareu.
li'lti l'y banner and If e'er ' "
lhou shouldst" press the soldier's bier,-
'"V1"6 ",ulll,,d drum should beat
lo the tread ot mournful feet.v '
ihen this criumoa lla shall be ;
, Martial clnnk .i..... v,,ti,o.
n warrior took that bauner proud, .
VT 11 wa8 h'sn.mial cloak and shroud." :
iiosuit ji- xutunAiNiu niB canniuaie wincn nas made several ot the States ol
t for Governor in Maine, is a practical ...echan-: ,lis Uni;m iri(0 ,,entiat and prosperous, in
i ic, a hIji carver, fhe editor ot t!ie Keniie- ;,i.. i i-i u "
f bee Journal .ays he called upon hi.,., at his d. r" able .leg ree ; wind, has. wl.erev
: shop in l ath, a few weeks asro. am) 1'aui.d .t,r 11 ,,fls. prevailed, caused a great im-
n T mi t i
v'iv A EAUTx-.
Vhair is 118 dark the stormy cloud,
v " S k hang8 'ot t,,e distant hill.
w! Aeley r8 are M black m the midnight ware.
Aai her fce-oh! t kackm still!
KOSCIUSKO, MISSISSIPPI SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 90, 1845.
ADDRESS OF DR. A. IfrMERlilLL.
AT THE DEDICATION OF THB NATCHEZ INSTITUTE.
The occasion of the opening of the first
institution established in the State ot Mis
est consequence in its influence and re
.first in the State to adopt, in its full ex
i it ui. i run nouie system ol public instruc-
tion, which lias been received w ith such a
high degree of favor in many portions of
our own country, and European system
, prnwment in the intelligence and morals
nine people; and fins not only proved to
be the. most economical means oi educa
tion, but added materially to the public
prosperity, and, by a necessary . conse
quence, to the public wealth and happi
ness." The progress of this school system in
our country considering its usefulness and
importance, now universally acknowledg
ed, has been unaccountably "slow; but from
yea. to yeai, we find it "embracing new
portions of our territory and people; and,
from' present indications, it cannot be
many years, before every State in our
confederacy will have adopted a full and
complete system of its own, affording" tn
every free-born child in this great and
growing nation, whatever may be his con
dition in life, the full benefit of such, use
ful instruction as is adopted to qualify it
for high intellectual enjoyments, and
for the fulfillment n'' high moral and polit-
ical duties. "The influence which is uiv-
en by our republican insiitetions to everv
mnivKiuui citizen, renders it particularly
proper and necessary that all the youth of
this country should have the best oppor
tunities, fur, the cultivation of the , mind
and the heart; and for qualifying them-
i . , i- . i - i
selves to judge of their "moral rights;
ior aquinng sum Know edge, as will en-
able themlully to undestand and appre-
t-iaie tneir own oDligai.ons, not only to
their country, but to each other, and . to
Gifd . - . . . V
In this" city, the scheme of public instruc
tion has not heen without its advocates
lor i.iany.years; past; but the most -sanguine
among usscai'. ely dared to hope, a
lew. mor.tlis ago, tor .1 successful tcohsu
i.iation ol ihcir views at this time,'or du
ring the present year. :.This i about to
be accomplished. only, by the liberal ben
efaction of.' our.;, fellow-citizen, Alvakez
FisK,Esa., whosei timely and gaierous
donation, has been received by the . peo
ple of Natchez,in the same spirit ot dis
interested philanthropy which actuated
the 'donor; and they have, with a degree of
unanimity which public measures rarely
ever receive in' ourcountry.; responded
to the call- thus made upon them, and pro
vided funds tor the of the Institute, which
will prove lo be adequate, it is hopea", to
all'ord' constant-instruction of all the chil
dren of our city..; VVe ha've every, reason
thereloM,'t considei' the . policy as now
permanently established, and - est .blislud
on a basis whichvvill etfecually prevent
any apprehension that it is ever to be a
D.iuuonea, or sunerea to languisn ior want
of support. vThis basis is, the interest
and uiiectioo ol the .people.. V i'i
These operations are hot to be consid
ered as the results ofvtemp.irary excite
mvnt, and the tnoonsiderote ebuilitTonf of
popular teeling,"tjestin(.'d to occupy for a
nine tne utiei.non o. entiiusiasts, ana uiei.
to di" awav and -fie Forgotten. The mo-
tiyea and causes 'of present action are not
to.be compared, in ..my. humble judgment,
to those which ."actuate the whole -body
of the people in an electioneering contest,
where ait s.exmeineni una entnustas.n
for u while, and then folio wed l"v iri.iilfer-
e-ncei disadpointniftitanrl disgust. Nor
should we do justice to bur caus'e by like-
eing ir,to any, of the modem 'scheihea of
pecuni irvpront nnu speculation, wnictj
are popular and meet Avkhuublic.favorI
'. a I . i. i i.'
just as long as they continue toaflorjd an
increase o, wemvo iub many, unu' per
sonal influence M rhe'few; but wnjctv" be
come ohjects of dislike to Aill,-. whenever
they cease to yieia uiese na vantages to
any. Far dihVre.pt uhd very far higher
and nobler are the motives which; actu
ate us on this occasion motives 'which
have reference to the Welfare oi our chil
dren, and our children's children, to the
remotest generations; which, passing
uy u,b suruia ana seuisn consideration ol
mere worldly things, and aiming, at the
improvement of the spiritual, rather than
me corporeal nature ol man, seek to place
all ages and , conditions UDon the s.imo
broad platform of equal rights; and to fit
ana quality tne youthlul mind for the en:
joyments of social exlsence, and for the
periormance ol all those duties of this life
required of man bv his Maker duties to
himself, to his fellow man, to his country,
.tuu iu u,e great ireator ot all things. -
1 he term Institute has been chosen in
reference to the extended sphere of hsp..
luu.ess which mis establishment is deshrn.
i i . i ..... .
ed to fill. It will embrace schemes of in-
struction and discipline for the bejrinner.
i w.:use inquiring eye is nrst presented
the elements ol that written language
which is destined to unlold to him, in all
his future life, the noble result? of the "-la
bors of the human mind, since the world
;an. Jt is designed to lead forward
the confidingspirit of earlychildhood, step
by step, in all "the useful branches of
school instruction, up to the period when
the full grown man and woman, shall be
duly fitted for entering upon the broad
theatre of active life, whether the field ol
duty be one of mental or of bodily labor.
It is intended, also, to include a library
of useful knowledge, which will serve to
beguile the leisure hours of those of ma
ture age, nnd afford them at once, a rich
and durable repast of learning and amuse
ment; itnd the Hoard of Visitors hope to
be able, by the aid of f. iends,to add a col
lection of materials for the formation of an
instructive museum in natural history, and
for the foundation of rugular courses of
lectures upon various subjects of science
literature nnd the arts. These would add
little or nothing to our annual expense?,
while they wu!d contribute greatlv to the
ditfusion of useful information, cive a-
:greeable occupation to educated men as
(lecturers, and relieve some of our' lonr
winter evenings of their tediousness. bv
the substitution of useful and instructive'
entertainments, for those which are not
so. It will readilv be Derceived that a
less comprehensive title than the one . ad-
ll ted, would scarcely answer for an insti
"u s"" aesignes; ana i trust mat the
name and its objects, will prove stimulus
p exertion in its oenaii, and a bond ot
i union ;n its support.
Our first object is to execute the wish-
es ot citizens in the establishment and
good conduct of each and every depart
ment oi trie scnooi; and the Board ot Vis
itorsappointed for that purpose," bring
wining Hearts, and ready hands , to the
important work which has been assigned
them. If they err in some things, it is no
more than must tie expected in all human
affairs; and tlie more to be ex
pected in this case, perhaps, from the;
noveuyoi tne , unueriainng, ana tneir
want ot experience. ' but ft is their inten
tion to project nothing new, preferring
to profit by the experience and judgment
of others, not only in the organization ot
the school, but in the choice of books, and
the course of instruction. They have
endeavoured to arrange the school-rooms
and premises in such manner as to pre
vent .my mingling of the sexes, and at the
same time so as to secure, as far as pos
sible, the advantages of seclusion from
noise, and convenience ot access. Jrla
ving a suite of large scool-rooms, wholy
independant of each other, ample space
will he afforded for all the children
of the citv t and. all being . collected
under one" roof, thev mayV readily be
so classified, as to secure the most advan
tageous course of instruction. The plan
will be to quality the younger pupils to
be advanced in regular gradation, as their
- - C . Ill ." . . . .
pnmciency win irom tune to time justuy
irorn the lo wer to the higher classes, and
it will be the policy of the' Institute to be
governed solely by the proficiency of pu-
pns, in mus aavancaing tnem, wunoui any
regard tp the length ol time spent in each
department.' This will foster a whole
some spirit of emulation, while the fear of
being subiected toa retrogade movement
incase of extraordinary idleness, or irre-
gularattendance, will net as an additional
motitrej to ; exertion.; ; v
The disciDline of the" Institute will be
strict and-exact ; but wliile it is maintain
ed, with firmness, it will it the same time be,
as far" jiosible,' mild and parental depend
ing niuinly upon tnoral sausionV.tne influ
ence pfsoimd precepts, and above all, up
on cbnstanVand.bremitting vigilance on
the partof teachers! It is the design .of
the' Board tcf be particular upon these ,
points; and. while" they will take , care, t
require the several instructors to perform
their duties faithfully, it is to be hoped
uim parents ana guardians . win ' co-operate
with them in esiablishing ; this essen
tial requisite to the prosperity of the Insti
tute. Much may be done bv them in this
respect, by the daily inculcation of a spirit
oi subordination, a proper degree ot res
pect on the part of pubils towards their
instructors, and a disposition to friendly
relations with their class-mates and com
panions. No one portion of the compli
cated arrangement of public schools, up
on a large scale, is more important than
this; and, it the teachers in the Institute
can receive the consistant support ot pa
rents ana guardians ot pupils, in their el-
torts to maintain discipline, it will serve
to relieve ine scnooi ot much.ol theap
pearauce of harshness, which migh t other
wise necessarily exist, and also to inspire
the pupils witht feeling of respectful de
ference to supeiiors and elders, which is
evidence at once, of good breeding and
iTompi ana reguiare attendance is
ii . . t i
scarcely less important than good discip
line, ana the rules on that subject will
have to be rigidly enforced. Teachers will
be held responsible, in all cases,for the im
provement of their pupils; and will thfre-
fore be required to keep a daily register
of attendance, border to : -justify - them
selves, by ,proofs of repeated abscence, if
no better cause canbe adduced, for the re
trogade movement ot. anv of. their schol
ars into the lower classes, or their tardy
auvaiicemeni to tne ntgner departments
u is a iunaamental law ol the institute,
in any of the ordinary branches of edu
cation; a principle not less applicable
to the dillusion of the light of knowledge,
than to that ot the natural eliultrence of
the sun itself. As that great luminary
of our solar system, dispenses his cheer
ing ana, enlivening rays throughout the
w orld, benefitting alike the rich and the
poor, the ignorant and the learned, the
old and the young; so the diffusion of
earning, should be general, unlimited,
gratuitous. JNor can it justly be said
that in this arrangement, there is, in any
ferred, or received
qegree, me appearance ot charity con
or received, It is, on the contra -
ry, a wholesome and judicious provision mysteries ot the cross. --.
ol government, adopted and supported.at die before, my time, and my body
the common expense, for the common will be given.back to the earth,to become
good; and as such, is certainly in no sense food for worms." Such is the. fate of him
more a charity, thsn is the establishment who has been palled the great Napoleon,
of courts of justice, and the construction VVhat an abyss between my deep niys
or roads and bridges. . It is, indeed, the teries and the eternal kingdom of Christ,
provisions , of a great public highway for which is proclaimed, joyed, and adored,
the human mind, upon which the rising and is extending .ever the whole earth!"
generations of all future ages may travel,
ascending at will the lofty heights of sci-
ence and fame, free of toll; toiling hard,
it may be, in the journey, but aiming all
the while without let orhinderance, for
those elevations of,' moral station," and
those summits of mental greatness, which
the Creator designed that man should oc-
cupy; and which,, while no amount of I
wealth can purchase, them, should be con-
sidered as they really are, the proper po-
sitions of the immortal mind, irresnective
of all the'distinctions of riches and of phant though peacefui -tnarch bf Christi
birthj. which 'are fhe mere accidents of anity over the'Wations.r . And may not
our earthly existance. ',
Let the edifice of the Natchez Institute,
that no r.harrVha!l h mn,t inr tfA
... w 6hare liberally in that kingdom which en-
and all , its spacious rooms then, be sole- dureth for ever.? iV. Y. Telegraph. .
mnly dedicated to the great purposes of '" ' '" ": ."' V' ,
Education; to mental and moral improve- .WORM,AT. THE ROOT. .
ments; to the wholesome and suustahjtial Good morn1ng,)jeighbor Philips," said
training ot youth, and. to the perpetuai a sagacious"faVmer as he 'was riding past
"diirusionsof knowledge among men." art.adjoining farmVand saw his neighbor
Let it ever be Considered the pride and busy with ladder 'and pruning knife at a
glory df our city, around which air par- fine firuil tree: "What are you doing,
ties in politics and religion may unite, in that you seem so intently engaged?" -one
common brotherhood, 'lor the ad- 'Ah, friend Thomas," was the reply, ,
vanccment of their own good and that of "this is a choice and' favorite tree, upon
their ollspring. Let all causes of discord which'I have bestowed great attention,
and contention be forever excluded from and yet every . morning 1 find, withered,
within those walls, and from the counsels twigs, withered leaves, and withered fruit,
which govern and direct the Institute.- which I am under the necessity ol clip
Let a spirit of union, a spirit of'harmonv, ping away." ,
of resolution and enterprize, pelade the . "That may all be very well," said Tho
bosoms of all who are interested in this mas, but I think I can show you a better
noble scheme; and with zeal and energy, way of improving your, tree," and dis-
let us carry forward the objects we have
ui view, wunoui relaxation or wavering;
remembering all the while, that all great
and noble designs are accomplished only
bv labor1 anc! watchfulness; which princi-
pie U not less aDDlicable to the n resent
enterprize, than to that which a distin-
guished-patriot had in view, when he "de-
claredtln reference to the occCion of a I
natiosbirth, Jie anniversary of Iwhich
is this dav celebrated throughout the len-
gth and bi'edth of bur beloved country ,!
that eiUernul itigilAnUt is the price o j
- .... . . .- r
WHOLE NO. 62.
Extracted from a Virginia Newspaper, Print
ed in the year 1775.
' ; On Sleep.
0 sleep! what though of death thou art
To be an image said,
1 wish thee still with all my heart,
The partner of my bed.
Thy company, eoft sleep, then give,
While in thy arms I lie;
How eweett thus, without life, to lire!
Thus without death, to die!
RELIGIOUS SENTIMETS OF NAra
In a conversation related by Count de
Monthalan) the faithful friend and com
panion in exile' of Napoleon, and publish
ed,, European journals, the fallen chief
tain is represented as saying:
"1 know men, and 1 tell you that Jesus
is not a man! JLhe religion of , Christ is
a fhy stery which subsists by its own force,
and proceeds from'a mind which is not a
human mind. .We find in it a marked
individuality,fwhich originated a train of
words and actrons unknown before. Je
sus borrowed nothing from our knowl
edge. ' .
"He exibited in himself a perfect exam
ple in his precepts. " Jesus is not a philos
opher, lor his proofs are miracles and
Irom the first, his deciples adored him.-
In fact, learning and philosophy are of no
use for salvation, and jesus came into the
wonld, to reveal the mvstenes of Heav-
en, and the laws of the Spirit.'
"Alexander, Uaesar, Uharlemacne, and
myself, founded empires; but on what
foundation did we rest our genius? . Up
on force. Jesus Christ alone founded his
empire upon love; and at this hour, mil-
ions ot men would die for him.
"It was not a day, or a battle, that a-
ihieved the triumph'of the Christain reli
gion in the world. No it was a long war
a contest of three centuries, begun by the
apostles, then continued by the flood of
Christain generations. In this war, if
all the kings and potentates of the earth
were on one side; on the other, 1 see no
army, but . a mysterious torce, some
men scattered here and there in all parts
ot the world, and who have no other ral-
Hying point than a jCQmmon
. Did ever Napoleon, in the height of his
imperial glory; agitating nations and dis-
posing of thrones, appear so truly great,
as in thus freely acknowledging the infl-
nite superiority of Christ's empire "of bve,
aiul corroborating the, iestirqony; of mil-
lioni to his supremacy I The sentiments
are such as would naturally be expressed
by any, persofi, of peculiarly enlarged,
comprehensive, and honest mind, on so-
berly contrastiag thcdosolating' march of
earthly conquerorsV'with the more trium
manvW the rich, fnighty, and noble of
Llhls generation, seeing how earthly ob-
Ufcw vamsnjwe smoKe, De persuaaea,io
mounting from his horse,he took the knife, -
ana Darning me root, ne mauean incisiuu
and extracteda worm; at the same time '.
remarking; "Rely upon it, rely upon it,
it is all owing to the worm at the root,'!
Moral. The outward defects of hu-
marcharacter are but the evidence of tho
worm at the root. One swears, another
cheats, a third gets drunk; and the trfao
method of reform is to apply the cure to
the native depravity of the heart the
utorm at the root. K , , r ; ,
Hon ii the leading-airing V youth mm
oir the itaff of age, i -,
. .Mm V--'
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