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From the Miusismppian.
THE CANVASS. . , r; nr.counta from all parts of the "ejKte are of the most cheering character. .f.l.n i.nnnln iu i'Drr whom The cause 01 i r ninin" upon the bank-monopoly fcder Es. "Mississippi, altho' led to the very Sink of ruin by the tricks of modem winery, is awake to her interests, and . November next will take her stand bvchVmthrallcd Tennessee and Indiana, fho g'"eat democracy is aroused, and determined, with the armor of truth, to rout and totally discomfit the rhotly ar my of iron-side federalists, disappointed office seekers and bank directors," who, under the general name of whigs, array themselves in opposition. The battle will be hot, as the enemy will make a last and dying struggle the victory ea sily achieved, but not less glorious by reason thereof popular rights will have triumphed over a combination 01 enu mies, and a people over desperate bank plunderers. The death knell of the shin plaster dynasty will have sounded, and Mississippi, for her prosperity, once the wonder of all beholders, will arise supe rior to the slavery imposed by incorpo rated companies disenthralled from whiT0ry, and free from the shackles of an exploded policy "of iniquitous banking. The complexion of the Legislature will, beyond doubt, be democratic, and the Hon. E. J. Walker, "Mississippi's Senator," despite, of bank opposition, re elected to the higlr station' he has filled with such distinguished ability for the last four years. In some of the coun ties there are still supernumerary candi dates in the field; but these will cfleet nothing but their own shame; the peo ple will discriminate, and frown down the attempts of these wolves in sheep's rlmhino-. to distract the party. Again we repeat, let the watchword be "union, concessio 11 , h arm ony, every th in g for prin ciples, nothing for jew," and all will be well. The democratic candidates for Con gress, Messrs Brown and Thompson, are still in the field, discussing before '.he people the important questions con nected with the station to which they aspire. Every mail brings some fresh account of their favorable rcception a mong the friends of Constitutional Lib erty. A gentleman just from the "sea shore"' assures us, "that all is right in the east." North Mississippi is firm, and with the unparalleled gain in the ancient strong holds of whigery, the counties genera1!' west of l'cail, the democratic candidates must succeed by a triumphant majority. The gubernatorial contest will result most triumphantly for the democrats. A writer in the Southern Reporter com putes the majority of Governor McNutt over the Honorable Judge at seven thou sand votes. A friend writes us from Marshall, that all is safe in the empire county, lie will excuse us for making the following extract from his letter. "I am truly proud to tell you our cause is griming m the North, and espe cially in Marshall. Our ticket is now formed we are ready for battle, and you will hear of a most horrible whig beating in the North. "Gen. Davis has withdrawn his name from the canvass; the vacancy has been filled bv Colonel L. II. Guv a choice man, a well built democrat, "a good Mc- iutt man, against the Union Bank post notes and all such trash, so you may look out for him, Mull, Matthews and Greer. I am certain in my calculations, when 1 tell you, the ticket will beat least three hundred in the majority the Governor's from three to five hundred; he is much more popular than the ques tion, and should it possibly meet his views to visit this county, and make those healthy strong old fashioned anti bank speeches the Adams' elector would not know he was in the race; hh pres ence would do immense good in the North; he could make "three thousand votes by the lour; do press him to come; he could command larger crouds than Old Hickory ever did. "General Brown paid us a visit; he spoke twice in Holly Springs, and with out flattery, his production was the hap piest, best, strongest, and better recei ved by the party than any ever deliv ered in the town before. You need entertain no fears as to his success in the North; he is well received as 'a gen tleman and politician of No. one.'' " The ambitious deceive themselves when they propose an end to their am bition; for that end, when attained, be comes a means. The chief misfortunes that befal us in ife, cart be traced to some vices or fol lies which we have committed. Jt you would make a sober man a drun kard, give him a wife that will scold him every time he comes home. 1 he poorest of nil household goods are indolent females. If n w.fo knows nothing of domestic duties beyond the parlor or the boudoir, she is a dangerous partner in these times of pecuniary un certainty. So says the Boston Times. They catch wild horses in Texas by throwing nooses around their necks and choaking them stitt.-Louisvilh Journal. That is just the way you'll bo caught yourself one of these driys, vou Whi" rascal. Southern Democrat. " c WILLIAM E. SMITH, . "whkkk ubkmt dwells tuehk is Mr cooktm." VOL. II. KOSCIUSKO, From tha finey Woods Planter. TO THE PEOPLE OF MISSISSIPPI. THK NEXT PRESlfiENCY. 1. The heavy conflict among political parties at the present moment, looks mainly to the Presidential election, in 1840. - 2. I will, if you please, Mr. Editor, lay open to you and the people, the state and condition of this matter. 3. Gen. Washington was elected to the Presidency in 1739, unanimously, being the father of his country: but in his second election he could have been beaten by Mr. Jefferson, with a consid erable majority, at least in their native State, Virginia. 4. As every one will not understand this without some explanation, the wri ter of this article will enter a little into particulars. 5. Mr. Jay negotiated u treaty with Britain, with one or two very excedion- ahh articles, during the Presidency of Washington, lhc.se two articles, 1st. to pay the debts of insolvents to British merchants, who had eloped at the be ginning of the revolution; and 2d. re stricting our navigation with the West India Islands to vessels of 70 tons. But the high regard for his revolutionary ser vices withheld any antagonist. 6. IE 7 successor was a rank Feder alist, Mr. Adams, who obtained the pas sage of the Alien and Sedition Laws, which stamped him ns a federalist. 7. What they meant by a federalist in those times was a man who was of opinion that the common people were unfit and incapable of self-government such was Alexander Hamilton, perhaps the most accomplished man in America. He may be considered the fuimder of the United States Bank, and had been the advocate of a constitution, of a much more monarchial cast than the one which really went down. For instance, he was in favor of a Senate for life. 8. It was then that Mr. Jefferson came into power; disappointed Adams of a second election; carrying with him the weight of the people, like some proud stream rolling along uninterruptedly for a considerable time, but at length choked up by its own deposites. Thus Feder alism was suspended, and Mr. Jefferson is now and ever will be termed the apos tle of liberty, is it not singular that he is appealed to by both parties of the present day. 9. The haughty spirit of Federalism was bowed down, but by no means an nihilated. James Madison and James Monroe filled upalong space enshrouded with the power of the people. 10. Previous to Mr. Monroe's goin out of office, Mr. Crawford, of Georgia, was looked to by the people, as the reg ular republican candidate, and nomina ted as usual by the republican party. The writer of this article was decidedly with Mr. Crawford. ' 11. Ambition now, which had lain dormant so long, began to develope it self. Mr. Adams claimed the right of his father Mr. Clay, a proud turbulent and powerful man, considered it was high time that he should nil the presi dential chair. Mr. Calhoun could not understand why he was not as worthy as Crawford, both being Southern men; he laid in his claim accordingly. 12. Under this state of things there is very little doubt but that Mr. Craw ford would have been the President. But empire had been long rolling to the West with a strong tide. Those new States began to feel the weight which they could throw into the scale of the Northern or Southern interests of the A tlantic States. In addition to this, one of them contained within her dominion a vcru cxtraoadmaru man, who had re cently signalized himself in the war of 1815, and possessed a popularity ot a kind not claimed by any of the other candidates already in the held. 111s military fame was great he was a new and unexpected competitor, and his be ing a candidate' gave an entirely new aspect to aflairs. The other candidates had new arrangements to make to re model their forces and stand upon the defensive. 13. General Jackson came forward as a republican candidate, as did all the others, Mr. Adams excepted; in addi- non to that, he possessed a iion-iikc courage, which ho had displayed before the great Emporium of the South-west. This gave him an ascendancy over his republican competitors. Mr. Calhoun threw himself under his wing and be enmo a candidate for tho Vico Presi dency. . 14. By a defect in the Constitution, Mr. Adams became President, and Fed eralism revived. ' - 15. Jackson went into "office deter mined to ctl'cct two objects, viz: to re move the Indians and prostrate the National Back, both of which ho ac complished. t 1G. Tho time for his retirement was approaching, there existed some Satanic 'MISS., S1U RAY, OCTOBER 20, I83J. spirits, who, in conclave, concluded to nominate Judge White as his successor. He was also of the republican party. The intention was to enlist under the banner of White, the disaffected of all parties, making him a nucleus, round which to concentrate. 17. The grand Convention nominated Van Burcn, and Gen. Jackson's not ad vocating White, set the amalgamation party into a ferment. And the Gen eral lias been heavily vituperated ever since. 18. At the head of this xo-party tar ty are Henry Clay, of Ky., and John Bell, 01 lenn. Clay is ambitious and talented to excess. He once stood high on the republican ladder, and is no less than "an Archangel ruined.''' Mr. Bell is second in order, and possessc.- an intriguing adroitness superior to his master. 19. Henry Clay has set his heart up on the Presidency, and were he elected, Mr. Lell would be his Prune Minister he is the Talleyrand of the times. 20. Like Cataline of old, Clay's place is to embody all the disaffected, -..nd to delude, by hopes of gain ..aid bank plun der, the better part of the community; such is the present state ot things. ONE OF THE PEOPLE. From the Mississippian. THE ELECTIONS. It is a matter ot rational iov to all genuine republicans, that principle has so signally triumphed over corrupt in trigues, and political stock-iobbmg, in the elections, which have recently ter minated in several States. I lie years of 1837 and 1838 were darkly clouded by a series 01 adverse circumstances, which threatened for a time to sweer all before them. So portcntious was the aspect of tho political horizon du ling that period, that many well mean ing democrats began to waver, and doubt, whether the loud clamor and ac knowledged commercial distress of ,thA country, might not be evidence of the incorrectness of the doctrines. Another large class of politicians,' actuated by less worthy motives, scorning all past connections, and courting no allies, but such as aflord, them immediate pay am plunder, boldly deserted, the democratic ranks, intent v.pon notrnag but the nc complishment of their private specula tions and ambitious views. It then re mained to be seen, whether the active politicians, who remained firm, and that great mass which acts only through the ballot box, had suflicient fortitude and power to resist these untoward alliances II IUl ueieciiuiis. 111c cum is oiymy satisfactory to all who believe in the "sober second thought of the people." The Independent Treasury may be considered as established by the late elections. No measure has been more abused and villified, and always most unsparingly, by those who knew the least about it, and wc venture to pre dict, that no measure of Congress, for many years past, has proved so benefi cial to Southern interests, as this is des tined to prove. Indeed, the simple fact, that Mr. Calhoun, who always detects with an eagle eye all that improves or militates against the interests of the South, immediately gave it his efficient support, is a strong and convincing ar gument in its favor. We say, therefore, that the moral influence of the late elec tions, combined with the intrinsic worth of the plan, mny be considered to have established the 'Independent Treasury, on that firmest of all bases, the will of the people. Tho recent elections have also given the most favorable indications upon other questions of scarcely less importance to the South and West. The revolution of Indiana and Tennessee, and the gain of democratic members in Kentucky and North Carolina, will bring a new reinforcement against the policy ol Mr. Clay and his federal associates in regard to tho public lands. At the late session of Congress Miv Calhoun, gave .notice, that he should bring forward a measure at the ensuing session, which would materially change the policy of the Government, with re gard to the public lands within the new States. Ho proposed, that they should be put under the control of the States wherein they lie, who should sell them and allow the United States a portion of the proceeds. Under such a system he hoped to see something like justice done tho new States, tint w hen wo re flected, that Mr. Clay was followed by so large an interest in the new States, and that in regard to tho public lands, find, nnd nrobably always would, nandcr to the interest of the old States, for tho sako of their votes, we had many misgivings as to tho result of tho solid views of Mr. Calhoun. Now the dawn of brighter prospects to the Si.itps U sfien. in the renovation of tho democratic'' feeling West 'of the Alleghanies. The proposition of Mr. EDITOR & PilOPIilETOIt. AO. Calhoun, may not become a law during the present Congress the cupidity 01 the old States may defeat a measure 01 enlightened pojicy and general good for time, but" we have every commence in its success in the Congress succeeing the next census. Nothing can hinder its success then, if the new States arc only true to themselves, lhat they will be, we have the strongest guaran tee, in the eargerncss with which, upon th very heel ot a grand commercial crisis, and in spite of the unexampled ef forts of Mr. Clay and Ins anti-Southern associates,, they lay hold of the original principles ol democracy ana show their determination to abide by them, by the strongest of ad evidence, the testimony of the ballot box. There is-likewise a striking moral les son to all politicians, in tho recent elec tions. They teach, that honesty is not only the best policy for its own, but al so the best policy for advancing men's temporary interest. The mere politi cian, he who adopts a code of politics for the sole purpose of personal advance ment, wiu find, that lie had better cleave unto his first love through evil as well as through good report. What might not such men as White, Bell, Rives and Ta!mad,'0 have demanded and obtained from the people of this country, hid thev been content to demand it by their zeal and fervor in the advancement of those principles with which they set cut? But they could not be content to receive the rewards of their labor, at the hands of the people. They must ti ke them bv force they must dragoor. the peo ple to their own will. Why did they thus court destruction?- Because they were politically dishonest, and when a dishonest man once falls in politics, 'die falls like Lucifer, never to hope again.'' In truth, we regard the political apos tates, merely as tho victims of their own hypocrisy. Their apostacy from demo cracy, (revcrc:.iiy re u spouen,; inoivs very much like the Presbyterian doc trine of falling from grace the fact of their apostacy is conclusive proof that they never possessed the genuine senti ment of religion or democracy. Patriotism B11 Bcnj. Constant. Un questionably the private virtues are wor thy of all our. veneration: but the servi ces which are rendered to an entire na tion are entitled to a still higher esti mate. Happy is he who is enabled to confer some benefits upon his contem poraries; but still happier is his lot whose services extend also from them to pos terity. Nature has established an ele vated relation between succeeding gen erations: without acquaintance they communicate illuininatioj), and without contract they transmit an accumulation of riches. The mass of useful truths is eternal; and each individual carries to it his particular tribute, in the certainty that no power can retrench thesmaiiest fraction from this imperishable treasure. The friend of liberty and justice thus be queathe to futurity the most valuable portion of himself; he places it beyond the reach ot their imustice, which over looks him, and of the oppression which menaces htm. Uomm is u to a sanctu ary which no debasing or turbulent pas sion can approach. He w hose medita tion discovers u single principle, whose hand traces a single truth, whose vic torious eloquence founds one salutary institution,may, without inquietude, risk Ids life in contest with tyrant, or a not less nnjust populace: his existence will not have been vain; his thoughts will re main impressed upon that eternal whole, upon which no circumstance can anni hilate his inllucnce. As the dove will clasp its wing? to its side, and cover and conceal the arrow that ii nrcvinsr on its vitals so it is the nature of woman, to hide from the world the ratios ofwounded aflection With ier tha desire o the heart has laiieu. . r - . . .1 .11 The m-e.'it crhnrm of existence is at an end. Look for her, after a little while k, you will find friendship weeping over her untimely grave, and wondering that one, who had lately glowed with a:i ine radiance of health and beauty, snoui now bo brought down to "darkness and the worm." ' You will be told of some wintry chill, that laid her low but no one knows the mental maiaay mai pre viously sapped her strength and made her so easy a prey to tnc sponci. Tho Hon. John Forsyth, on the part of tho United States Government, ana Gen. Memucan Hunt cn the part of tho Texan Government, have been appoin ted commissioners to run and mark the boundary lino between the two coun- lilt?, no von"" j . 1820, between tho United States and Mexico. The ratifications of tho con vention to this effect have been exchan ged, and the Commissioners must cnier upon their duties on or before the 12th of October inst. IMPORTANT DECISION. We publish in to-day's paper, a letter of Gov. McNutt to E. B. Grayson Cash ier of the branch of the Planters' Bank at Yazoo City, in regard to the appoint ment of Notaries Public. The decision of the Executive, is one of much importance, and may possibly affect materially the situation of many claims,in the hands of the Planters' Bank. Bethis,however,as it mav, the Governor has done his duty, and is fully sustained by the Supreme Court ot the Mate. In the case ot Bryant vs. the Mate, (see Howard's Reports, page 3G5 ,) Mr. Uhiet Justice Sharkey holds the follow ing language' in speaking of the Board of Medical Censors: "If wo consider them as officer, the provisions of the Constitution must bear on them. Tho first provision which muft be considered, relates to the term of office, and is contained in the 30th section of the Bill of Rights. It declares, 'that no person shall be appoin ted or elected to office, in this State, for life, or during good behaviour; but the tenure of all offices shall be for some li mited time'. This section may be con sidered os more properly relating to offices thereafter to be appointed or elec ted; but it very clearly shows the spirit of the constitution to' be in opposition to an unlimited tenure of office, and must have its due weight in the investi gation of a Constitutional question. The provisions of this law arc manifest ly in opposition to the spirit as well as the declared provisions of the Constitu tion, and must be, considered as void.1'1 Thus it will be seen, that the ground taken by the Governor, is fully occupied by Judge Sharkey, in regard to (fliccrs whose tenure is without specified limit. The Yazoo City Whig a week or two since, in a disgusting article on the sub ject, commented at length on the fact, that the Governor did not commission these officers. The reasons of the Ex ecutive are now before the public, sup ported and sustained by the decisions of the highest court in the State. Is the learned editor of the Yazoo City Whig prepared to discuss Constitutional Law with tiie respectable gentlemen who compose the Bench of the High Court of Errors and appeals. E IS.G A NT E XT R ACT E DURATION" utterly repudiate, as un worth v, We not of lv, but of men, the narrow no tion, that there is to be an education for the poor as such. Has God provided for tne poor coarser, a t hinner air, a pa ler sky Does not. the glorious eun pour down" his go;don flood as cheerfully as upon the i.c'i man's palace! Have not the cotter's chi'.dren as keen a sense of all the freshness, verdure, fragrance, melody and beauty of luxuriant najure, as the'pale sons of kings? Or is it in the mind t!At God has stamped the im print of a base birth, so that the poor man's child knows, with an unboai cer tainity, that his lot is to crawl, not climb? It is not so. God has not done it. Mancannotdo.it. Mind 'is immortal. Mind is imperial. It bears no mark of high or low rich or poor. It heeds no j bound of time, or rank, or circumstances? It asks but freedom. It roc ure3 but light. It is heavenborn, and it aspires to heaven. Weakness docs not enfee ble it. Poverty cannot repress it. Difficulties do not stimulate its vigor. And the poor tallow chandler's son, that sits up all night to read the book which an apprentice lend ; him, lost the master's eye should miss it in the morning, shall stand rnd treat with kings, shall bind the lightening with a hempen cord, and biing it harmless from the skies. The common school is common, not as infe rior, not as the school for poor men's children, but as the light and air is com mon. It ought to bo the best school; and in all good works the beginning is one half. Who does not know the value to a community of a plentiful supply of the pure element of water? Aud infin itely more then this is the common for it U" the fountain at which tho mind drinks, and it is refreshed and strengthened for its career of usefulness and glo.y. Bishop Voane. "Go-ahead" is 'the real motto of the country; and every man does push on, to gain in advance of his neighbor. Tho American lives twice as long as others; for ho does twice the work du ring tho time that ho lives. : lie begins life sooner; at 13 he is considered a man, plunges into the stream ot enter, prize, floats and struggles with his fel lows. In every trifle an American shows the value he puts upon time. Ho rises early, cats his. meals with the raniditv of a wolf, nnd is the whole day at his "business. ' If ho bo a merchant, his money, whatever it may amount to, is seldom invested; it is all floatingIns accumulations remain active; and when he dies, his wealth has to bo collected from the four quarters ot tno gioue. T,i"v,.rnAMTv. -A punctual man is ve ry rarely a poor man, and never a man of doubtful credit, jus suum u." nre freciuently settled, and ' ho seldom meets with any difficulty in raising mon ey to largo demands. Small debts rum credit, ana wuen u uiuu will find himself at the bottom 01 a nm, 1 1 1 . ; .4 up vvhicn ne cannot uscvuu