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jrf RICHARD JACOBS,
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Constitution of the United States. i:iitoii &. PROPRIETOR. kosciusko, .mssissnwi, S.iTVRDA JUJVE 8,' 1841. BIDE YOUR TIME. It your time! the morn is breaking:, origin win, a ituviu a ulcoscu ray- Ions from their trance awaking, Soon shall stand in stern array. in shall fetter man no longer, Liberty shall march sublime; try moment makes us stronger firm, unshrinking, bide your time. your time one false step taken Ptrils all that you have done: Mismayed erect unshaken, ivatch and wait, and all is won. snot by one rash endeavor )Icn of States to greatness climb- aid you win your rights forever, aim and thoughtful, bide your time! e your time your worst transgression (nwo ro siriKe, ana strike in vain; rtose arm would smite Onnressinn !iist not need to smite again! ?er makes the brave man steady ishness is the coward's crime for Freedom's battle f hen it comes but, bide your time! , THE PARTING PLEDGE.,, , BT FAMXT K.MVTLII. nce aain! but once, before we sever, ... ...v rac ui uMuiiug cup ii is me lasr, t mose lips now parting and forever, mae o cr this pledge "The memory of the Past!" Awing cun is set, and no to-morrow piles on the gloomy path we tread so fast athe bitter cup.o erfilled with sorrow, one sweet drop the memory of the Past! one more look from those dear eyes now shinning Irough their warm tears, their loveliest and their last, we more strain of hands in friendship twinning; farewell all, save memory of the Past! . . fitter of Com. Stewart, Hill of Health, 7 Bordentown, N.J. May2 1844. I have had the honor to receive letter of the 29th of last month in- M that I have "been sDoken of as Mate for the office of President of United States:" remarking, also, w intelligent people, exercising the selecting their own chief magis- entitled to know the opinions whom thev mav select as their Jtes, upon the leading questions pate the public mind;" and con- q wiui asking mine on "trie ques V Ae annexation of Texas to thi3 Pi as one which, "from the neces- , " 7 immediate action upon it, is the prominent and interesting1 measure mte the people," Aud you also M "beinff a delegate to the Balti. Convention, which assembles on ih May, it will be your desire to !y views on this-subject public.' profoundly sensible of your good triolic views in making this inqui rer existing circumstances, and Irocced to reply in all frankness Swity, to your inquiry. Ilfflfl that thorn nviota nn pnnatitn. Ejection to Texas being incprpo our Union. .That Question i'to be set at rest by the acquisi ' Louisiana and Florida, and the . w and, as I have supposed, satis discussion of it, to hich all ss. I will at least venture to fthey have satisfied my mind. ""I? then, to the general question, Ms are so numerous, cogent, and urgent, both on the score f J 'd humanity, for making Tex- " me union, and have so strong !1? "pon our national industry, evenue, prosperity and power, that I have not been able to refuse the assent oi my judgment to them. ' I have considered, on the other hand, the views alleged against the measure; and, greatly as the sources whence they emanate are entitled to, and have my re- "yc". iey nave not proved, on the calmest reflections, sufficient with me to outweighthe strong reasons that exist in Us favor. That a step of so much mag nitude, present and future, should meet wun oppositiou in the first instance, is w ue expected. This was the case wnen we acquired Louisiana and Flori. da, the objections to which are now for gotten in the unspeakable advam. flowing from it, and to flow throughout "8vo -ic. oumi, H appears to me, would decidedly attend the nnexation of Texas. Millions unborn, and ages in the future may be exnected to renn the advantages of its incorporation with our Union loner after the obicctions of .L I " ' - me uay are torgotten. 1 his important acquisition, which can now be obtained with honor and advan tage to all parties interested, bringing with it the consent and affections of its inhabitants, will perhaps, when future necessity makes its acquisition impera tive, be acquired only through desola ting war, sanguinary contests, and the loss of those affections of the Texan inhabitants so essential to happiness in a united and republican people. But I would not bo for gaining those advanta ges, however transcendant and lasting belie c they would be for our country, at the expense of justice. 1 he main question, therefore is, would annexation" give Mexico iust ground of complaint? for, of course no other foreign conntry has any thing to do with the question. Now, I have not been able to bring my mind to the conclusion that it gives Mexico any just cause of complaint whatever. It is almost eight years since Texas won her independence at the decisive battle of San Jacinto. No serious invasion of her soil, or other efforts of important movements in arms, tiave been made by Mexico against ner since that decisive victory. It was, in fact, the consummation of Texan inde pendence, and has produced throughout the world the unavoidable etiect oi an event so decisive. The most powerful states of Europe have fully recognized the independence of Texas not sud denly, it is necessary to bear in mind, but after letting time enough elapse fair ly to attest that the overwhelming victo ry of San Jacinto was decisive. Those stales never would have recognized her independence so long as they supposed there existed any probility of Mexico being able again to reduce Texas to sub mission by force of arms. It has, in deed, been a principle with the United States, when civil war existed in coun tries, to treat each party alike, as soon as the power of waging war de facto existed with each. But this has not been the practice of the preat powers of Europe. They act on different princi ples, to which their institutions more naturally incline them. They are slow to sanction resistance, in any shape, to the existing authority in government. Thev were very tardy, as all mav recol lect, in acknowledging the independence of the revolted colonics of Spanish A merica, including Mexico amont themi Nevertheless most of those ancient king doms and states have adopted Texas in to the family of nattons by their most solemn acts of recognition which mean with them a gaeat deal more than tnc mere formal acknowledgment of a de facto government existing in Texas, and liable, at any moment, 10 oe again uvci- thrown; and which iacts may, tnereiore, well make us feel easy to their opinion of annexation. The capture of Lord Cornwallis did not more effcctnally establish indepen dence for us by force of arms, (not as much so perhaps, all circumstances con sidered,) as the total overthrow of the Mexican forces at Jacintd, and simulta neous capturo ol the Mexican nation, established independence for Texas. Great Britain scknowledged ours imme diately after the former event, an an cient, proud and powerful monarchy as she was; yet Mexico Keeps up me iuie show of still being the parent state over Texas, now nearly eight years after the utter extinction of all her powers of su nremacv, which so decidedly perished on the plains of San Jacinto. . It may be asked is this right? Can it stand before tho dispossionato judgment of nations.? and is it reasonable towards the United States? It cannot be forgot ten how long and justly Mexico com plained of Spain's refusal to recoimi m her independence after she had actually won it by force of arms. And here it may be mentioned; that the fact of Spain having refused to rdgnizc it long sub sequent to the year4825, formed no ob jectiou with our government for offering to purchase Texas from Mexico in that year. This last fact, may serve to show that oilier nations are not bound to wait until the parent State gives her formal consent unreasonably prolonged, to the independence of the resisting colony History contradicts that idea. If it were true, Holland would have had to wait seventy years before she became an in dependent nation; for we have lately been reminded, from a distinguished source, that it was full that length of time before Spain against whom she had revolted would acknowledge her in dependence. I hope I may be excused for adding for I consider it as belong ing to the subject of this letter, and due to the true spirit of this whole occasion that there are not wanting opinions, careiutiy lormed, which go to 6ay, that if Mexico should at this late day re commence war in earnest against Texas, instead of keeping up, in the latter-power, the irritation and inconvenience of only talking about it for eight years near ly, the chances would be full as great, or even greater, that she would be con quered herself, as that she would ever resubjugate that gallant and independent people. Notwithstanding the conviction of my judgment that Mexico could not have the least gcound of complaint against us, in jnstice or reason, for immediate an nexation, should we adopt that measure, I think it would become the magnanimi ty of this great republic to pursue to wards her as generous and liberal a course as possible. If, therefore, any sebsequent steps of the most concilitary nature, for soothing her feelings may be open to us, I would be for adopting them to the very verge of not viefdniir our -riijrliW, iutoreaxa, or honor. If any thing beyond this be ex-1 by whichny administration had bceu (Texas, we shall not have this '.strenelh guided when attempting to obtain Texas by negotiation with Mexico, nor the care which was taken to convince Mexico, afterwards, that this govern ment had no agency, directly, in the steps resorted to by the people of Texas to establish for themselves an indepen dent government. In the reference which Mr. Van Buren has made to my conduct as president in these respects, he has slated what is.entireiy true, and has (delineated with the ability and perspicuity which so iminently distin guish him, the general principles which characterises the course of our govern ment in its intercourse with foreign powers. Hut just and accurate as fie is, and subscribing, most fully, as J do, to all that lie alledges as'applicable to the question as it stood in my ad ministration, and as it did under A is own, J still think that thejcircumslan ces are so far altered as to give a new aspect to the whole question, and to authorise a corresponding change in the direction with which our govern ment may sow act upon it. At the present period, it cannot be doubted that Texas is able to maintain her indepndenco of Mexico, if each state is left to its own resources, unin fluenced and unaided by any foreign power. Eight years have elapsed since the memorable battle of San Jacinto, and there has been no serious attempt on the part of Mexico to occupy the country and it is certain none can be made with any prospect of success. In this state of affairs, acknowledged by ourselves and theprincipal powers of the world, as an independent, nation, and treated as such, Texas renews to us the almost unanimous wish of her citizens to be annexed to the United States. telling us, substantially, that if now re pulsed, she must form such alliances elsewhere as will best enable her to im prove her resources and repair the dis asters which she has suilered irom a protracted Quasi war. She is sensible by incorporation into our union that ""J e i ,. ... , ., - , ,-i ,imon,l.,l r na. fwhich. how- me disposition ana pursuits. oi ner pvu- ever, I should not much fear,) when the f P, being homogenous with those of me united states, can receive no aue whole case came to be calmly and dis passionately viewed, after annexation was a thing accomplished on our part, we only do as our fathers did throw ourselves upon tho justice of our cause before God and nations and abide all re sults. Having thus given you my opinions and views of this all-absorbing question, under your call for them, I have only, in conclusion, to add that you are at liber ty to publish them, should you think them worthy of it. I regard the policy and wisdom of immediate annexation as the more ob vious, from recollecting that opportuni ties once lost are not alvawys'to be re gained in national affairs, any more than in those of individuals. With all defferencc to those who hold opinions different from those I have formed, and have' expressed, I have the honor to remain, with the most respect ful consideration, your most obedient and very humble servant, CIIAS. STEWART. To the Hon. J. Thompson, House of Rep., Washington, D. C. Eetter of Gen. Jackson. Hermitage, May. 13, 1844. To the Editor of the Nashville Union: : Sir: lam induced to address you this letter, because I have, wilhin a few days past, received letters from many of my friends, who have expres sed a desire to know whether my views in relation to the policy of annexing Texas to the United States have been changed by thought which the subject has aeceived from the recent letters of Mr. Van Buren, and other prominent citizens; and because it seems to be ne cessary that I should answer or be mis understood. Having ho connection with the ques tion except the interest which, in com mon with other citizens, I take in all that concerns my country, what I have heretofore said upon it was dictated by no desire to be a prominent actor. It was entirely far from my expectation that there should be an effort in any quarter to make the question a party one. Hence, when it was brought to my no tice some twelve moths ago, by the Hon. Mr, Brown of this state, I answered his inquiries with promptness and frank ness. . . . , I had not forgotten the principles quate protection from any other quarter. IVe admit the truth of these assertions, and feel thai they constitute a powerful motive for action, independent of the considerations which are suggested by a prudent regard for the stability of our own institutions. In reference to Mexico, I would use the followin language: We have care fully abstained from all interference with your relations to Texas, except to ac knowledge her independence, in the same manner and upon the same princi ples that we did your independence, when you separated from Spain. Wc have, indeed, been more scrupulous with you than with Spain, for, without consulting or respecting tho feelings of the latter power, our government did not hesitate to open a negotiation with you for the retrocession of Texas, and that, too, long before your independence was acknowledged by Spain. But the time has now come ivhen we feel that this delicacy ought no longer to re strain us from a treaty with Texas, particularly as we know that our fail ure to ao so ivul produce results, mat may endanger the safety of our own confederacy. I cannot think there ris discrepancy between these views and those avowed by my administration,' when proper al lowance is made for tlie change of cir cumstances, or that they contain any well-founded cause for complaint on the Dart of Mexico. It may now be stated as a fact, on which we may rely with the greatest confidence, that if Texas be not spcedly admitted into our confederacy, she must and will be evitably driven into alliances and commercial regulations with ,the European powers, of character highly injurious, and probably hostile, to this country. What would then bo our con dition? New Orleans and the whole valley of the Mississippi would be en dangered. The numerous herds of savages within the limits of Texas, and on her borders, would be easily excited to make war upon our defenceless fron tier. :. ... " ' -,l V ' , I do not deem it necessary to be more explicit , here in the enumeration of the reasons which justify, to my mind, the speedy annexationof Texas to the United States. My aim is to give to this country the strength to re sist foreign v intcnorcnoc. Without She is the key to our safety in the south. wesi and west. She offers this key to us on fair and honorable terms. Let us take it and lock tho door against future danger. We can do it without giving just offence to Mexico. , Indeed we may say that measure is called for by the intcrests'of Mexico, no Icss'than of of our own; for without it, she can have no reliable guarantee against future in vasion. ." As to the form of annexation, I do not think it material whether it be by treaty or upon the application of Texas by an act or joint resolution of congress. I cannot close theso remarks without saying that my regard for Mr. Van Bu ren is so great, and my confidence in his love, of country is strengthened, by so long and intimate acquaintance, that no difference on this subject can change my opinion of his character. He has evidently prepared his letter from a knowledge only of the circumstances bearing on the subject as they existed at the close of his administration with out a view of tho disclosures since made, and which manifest the probability of a dangerous interference with the affairs of Texas by a foreign power. . I am respectfully, your servant. ANDREW JACKSON. REJECTION OF THE TREATY. We learn that on Monday, the Sen ate committee of Foreign Relations re ported against the Treaty for annexing Texas to the United States. Mr. Bu chanan voted for it; Messrs. Jlrcher, (a I irgima Senator!) Uhoate and Jiemen voted against it; while Mr, Tallmadge, the remaining member oi the committee, failed to vote. 7ici. Enq., May 17. FROM WASHINGTON. May 16. Senate. The National Intelligencer of the night of the 16th, says: "The Senate yesterday removed the injunction of secrecy from Texas treatv and doriiTnn. Wo jnv not examined these papers, out we learn or ally that,, by a communication from the President of the United States, yester day, the Senate was informed that he had ordered a military force to repair to the frontier of Texas, to open a com municulion with the president of that republic and act as circumstances might require and had also ordered a navel force to Vera Cruz, to remain off that port, and prevent any na vrl expedition of Mexico, if any such should be attempted, from proceeding against Texas.''1 .Qmuscmcnt. "I have brought you this bill until I am fairly sick and tired of it, said a collector to a creditor, upon whom he had called at least forty times. You arc, eh?" cooly rejoined the creditor. "Yes, I am," was the response. "Well, then, yoifhad better not pre sent it again. There will be two of us pleased if you do not, for to tell the plain truth I am sick and tired of seeing that identical bill myself." This was pretty fair but not so good os the reply of Sheridan to a dun who had repeatedly called upon him for a small amount. The bill bad been so often presented to the mad wag that the collector complained of its soiled and tattered state, and said he was ashamed of it. "I'll tell you what I'd advise you to do with it, my friend," said Sheridan, "take it home and write it up- . on parchment." Men are quarried, says' a quaint wri ter, from the living rock, with a thunder- - bolt. Gentlemen are moulded as the potter's clay, with the dainty fingers of fashion. Women are the spontaneous. growth of a warm, rich soil, where the winds blows trcely and the heart tceis the visitings of God's changeable wea ther, r Ladies are the offspring of a hot bedthe growth of a green-house tended and watched,-lest the winds of heaven visit their faces too roughly, till they are good for nothing as women at any rate as wives or as mothers, ; J' Beautiful Thought.--Childhood is like a mirror, catching and reflecting ima ges all around it. - Remember that an impious or profane thought uttered by a parent's lips may operate upon a young heart ;like a careless spray of water thrown upon polished steel, staining it with rust, which no after scouring can efface. ':'''