Newspaper Page Text
The loud wind roared, the thunder rolled, Fierce lightning split the sky, And all the west seemed fringed with gold As I was reaping rye. I laid my eickle down to viw ' The grand and awful scene, But I did'nt stay to see it througn Oh no I warn't to omsm! Zetter of Getu Cass, Detroit, (Mich.) May 10, 1844. Dear sir: In answer to your inquiry, whether I am favorable to the immediate annexation of Texas to the United States, I reply that I am. As you demand my opinion only of this measure, and briefly the reasons which influence me, I shall confine myself to these points. I shall not dwell upon the policy of uniting coterminous countries, situated like ours and Texas, with no marked geographical feature to divide them, and with navigable streams penetrating the territories of both; nor upon the com mon origin of tho people who inhabit them, upon their common language, manners, religion, institutions, and, in fact, their identity as abranch'of the hu man family. Nor shall I urge the ma terial interests involved in the measure, by the free intercourse it would establish between the various sections of a vast country, mutually dependent upon, and supplying one onotner. These con siderations arc so ab'vious, that they need no elucidation from me. But, in a military point of view, an nexation strikes me as still more impor tant, and my mind has been the more forcibly impressed with this idea from reading the able letter of Gen. Jackson upon this subject, which has just come under my observation, intuitive sagaci ty which makes part of the character of that great man and pure patriot, he has foreseen the use which a European ene my might make of Texas in the event of a war with the U. States. A lodge ment in that country would lay open our whole southwestern border to his devastations. We could establish no fortress, nor occupy any favorable po sition; for the immense frontier may, in a vast many places, be crossed as readi ly as a man passes from one part of his farm to another. The advantages an active enemy would enjoy under such j circumstances, it requires no sagacity to foretell. These considerations recall to my memory an article which made its ap pearence just before I left Europe, in a leading tory periodical in England, which is understood to speak the senti ments of a powerful party. This is Frazier's Magazine; and a more nefari ous article never issued from a profligate press. It ought to be stereotyped and circulated from one end of our country to the other, to show the designs which are in agitation against us, and to teach us that our safety in that mighty contest which is coming upon us, is in a knowl edge of our danger, and in a determina tion, in union, and py a wise forecast, to meet it, and defeat it. The spirit of this article is sufficiently indicated by its title, which was, "a war with the United States a blessing to mankind." I cannot refer to it at this moment, but must speak of it from recollection. I huve often been surprised it has not at tracted more attention in our country. Its object was to provoke a war with the United States,' and lay down the plan of a campaign which would soonest bring it to a fortunate conclusion for Eng land. The basis of this plan was the organization of the necessary black force in the West India Islands, and its debarkation upon our southern coast. The consequences which our enemies fondly hoped for, in such a case, but when an entire ignorance of the true state of the country, were foretold with a rare union of philanthropy and hate red. I wish I had the number at hand, to cull some choice passages for your reflection. The result was to be the destruction of the southern states, the ruin or depression of the others, and the dessolation of this great and glorious confederacy, on which the last hopes of freedom through the world now rests. What more favorable position could be taken for the occupation of English black troops, and for letting them loose upon our southern states, than is afford ed by Texas? . Incapable of resisting in the event of a war between us and Eng land, she would be taken possession of by aletter,under one or another of those pretences, which every page of her his tory furnishes, and the territory would become tho depot whence she would carry on her operations against us, and attempt to add a servile war to the other calamities which hostilities bring with them. He who doubts whether this would be done, has yet to learn another trait in the annals of national antipathy. It would be done and called philanthro py Every day satisfies , me'1 more and more, that a majority of the American people are in favor of annexation. Were they not, the measure ought not to be effected. Hut as they are, the sooner it is effected the better. I do not touch ' th details nf the negotiation. That must be left to the responsibility of the government; as also, must the bearing of the Question unon. and its reception by, other countries. There are points I do not here enter into. Iam, dear sir, with much regard, yours, , lewis uass. lion. iS. A. 11ANNEOAN, Washington, D. C. The Lady's Choice' lVItV.lTIf, 'a Literary & Religious Magazine FOR 1844. (77ie Lady's Wreath 'Religious and Literary Gem' and Lady's PearV united.) REV. CHARLES W. DENISON, EDITOR. During the short time that the Lady's Wreath has been before the pub ic, it has acquired the enviable reputation of being the best Dollar Lady's Periodical in the Uni ted States. No Magazine has been more generally sought after, and more universal ly admired the past year, than the Lady's Wreath. Its splendid Steel Engravings, beautifully colored Floers, literary merit, and neat mechanical execution, have made it the admiration of all. The cheapness and merit of a Dollar Periodical must be apparent, which issues Jflore Steel Engravings and has more and better contributors than could but a short time since be claimed by the best Three Dollar Magaznes. Contributions have appeared in the Wreath the past year from such writers as H. T.Tuckerman, II. S. Patterson, M. D. Prof. J. H. Ingraham, Reynell Coates, M. D. S. B. Beckett, Rev. F. A. Clinton, T. Hall Welby, George Pike, A. VV. Noney, A. F. Drinkwater, Jack Gasket, F. B. Graham, J. Wheeler, F. II. Duffee, M. F. Wallace, George Lippard, J. T. S. Sullivan, Francis Wharton, Mrs. C.Theresa Clark, Mrs. M. St. Leon Loud, Mrs. Lydia J. Pierson, Miss Mary Howard, Maria F. Waite, Charles Beaumont, Mary B. Wilson, Miss Rose Newman, Thomas G. Spear, Charles Hamilton, A. J. H. Duganne, J. M. D. Babcock, Edwin Heriot, G. F. Fverett, A. A. Miller, D, D. John U. Giller, and J. H. Vernon. In addition to the above we have secur ed the Editorial services of Rev. C. W. Denison, long and favorably known to the readers ot our best t'enodica s, ana ar rangements have been made for contribu tions to the Vols, for 1644, from Mrs. Lydia H. Sigourney, Mrs. Caroline Orne, Mrs. Jane E. Locke, Mrs. E. H. Newell, J. G. Whittier, Rev. J. Pierpont, W. H. Burleigh, Esq. and Rev. E. L. Magoon. Besides articles fiom these well known writers; anonymous contributions of supe rior merit appear in each number, making the contents of the Wreath equa if not superior to any Periodical in the country. In addition to our STEEL ENGEA VINGS MONTHL Y, which are given in no Dollar Lady's Maga zine but the Wreath, we shall continue our Beautifully Colored Flowers, the most popular series of embellishments ever issued; an illustration peculiarly ap propriate for the Ladies, and widly sought after by all lovers of the Itanguage of Flowers. In the January Number will appear the first of a series of articles on the Language of Flowers, which in connection with our Floral Engravings will furnish a complete Flora's Lexicon, alone worth a year's sub scription. MUSIC, BY POPULAR COMPOSERS will also be published, affording to subscri bers in the country the means of obtaining new music which they would otherwise be deprived of. In addition to the above, every thing new and attractive in the literary world will be sought after, to give interest and novelty to the pages of the Wreath. TERMS: One Dollar per annum in advance, TO CLUBS. Three Copies one year $2 00 Eight m m 5 oo Seventeen" " 10 00 To any one forwarding a club of three we will send a popular Novel. A club of eight, two Novels. A club of seventeen, three Novels, gratis. (CJ Persons wishing to subscribe to the Wreath, (or forward money for clubs, can do so by handing the amount of subscrip tion to the Postmaster who will forward it free of expense, Postmasters throughout the Union arc our agents. Address DREW SCAMMELL, Publishers, 07 Chesnut st. Philadelphia. Town Ordinances. Ordinances and By-Laws for the incorpora tion of the town of Kosciusko, as adopt ed Slst May, 1844. Members present, were George W. Harlow, President Jas. A. Groves, Secretary, John M. Thompson, Charles W. Emmons and James White. Ordinance 1st. Be it Ordained bu the President and Selectmen of the town of Kos ciusko, That any person or persons, who shall shoot, or cause to be shot, any gun, pistol or powder gun within the distance of one hundred yards of the public square, or wirhin the distance of fifty paces of any leading street within said incorporation, such person or persons so offending in the meaning of this act, may on conviction thereof, be fined not exceeding five dollars, for every such offence. 2nd. Be it furtlier Ordained, 4c'f, That any person or persons, who shall raise a ri ot, or aid and abet in the same, or be guilty of any disorderly conduct within the incor porate limits of this town, such person or persons, on conviction thereof, shall forfeit and pay not less than one, nor more than twenty dollars, or be imprisoned not ex ceeding one week for each and every such offence. 3rd. Be it further Ordained, 4 c, That any person or persons, who shall be known to fight, contrary to the meaning of the laws of this State, within the incorporate limits of this town, such person or persons, on conviction thereof, may be fined not less than five, nor more than twenty dollars, or be imprisoned not exceeding one week lor each and everv such offence. 4 th. Be it further Ordained, 4 c, That any person or persons, who may draw and expose any deadly weapon in a threatening or menacing manner in anger, contrary to the laws of the State, may on conviction thereof, be fined not less than five, nor more than twenty dollars, or be imprisoned not exceeding one week for every such ofience. 6th. Be it further Ordained, fre., That any person or persons, who shall keep a dis orderly house, may on conviction thereof, be fined not less than five, nor more than ten dollars for each offence. 6th. Be it further Ordained, 4-c, That any person or persons, who shall sell or dis pose of by gift or 'otherwise, any kind of spiritous liquors to any negro slave, with out an order or permit from his owner or emp'.oyer.on conviction thereof shall forfeit and pay not more than ten dollaiVfor every such offence. 7th. Be it further Ordained, 4c, That it shall not be lawful for any owner, or owners agent, or keeper of any dry good store, grocery or provision store, retailing or tip ling house within the incorporation of this town, to keep such house, for the transac lion of business, open on Sundays, (or the first days of the week,) under the penalty of not less than five, nor more than twenty dol lars for each and every such offence. 8th. Be it further Ordained, 4 c, That any person or persons, who shall place or cause to be placed, any wood, timber, or other obstruction, or nuisance of any kind on the public square, or any of the streets of this incorporation, shall be notified by the President or Constable, and such per son so offending, shall cither remove such obstruction or nuisance, within a given time, or pay not less than one, nor more than five dollars for each and every day it may remain. 9th. Be it further Ordained, 4 c, That the President of the Board shall appoint four persons as patrol, once in each month, one of whom shall be captain of said pataol; and, Be it further Ordained, That said pa trol shall do duty in the entire limits of this incorporation at least Jone night in each week, under the direction of the captain; and, it t Jurthrr Ordained, lhat any per son who shall fail or refuse to perform pa trol duty after being notified, shall forfeit and pay a sum not exceeding two dollars, for every such failure without a sufficient excuse. 10th. Be it further Ordained, 4 c, That any patrol who shall abuse the power vest ed in him, or transcend the bounds of his duty, shall on conviction thereof, forfeit and pay not more than twenty dollars for each and every such offence. 11th. Be it further Ordained, 4 c-, That any person or persons, who shall injure, damage or disfigure any public spring, well, enclosure, run, or the timber on the lots be longing to said springs, or place any ob struction or nuisance on said lots, shall for feit and pay not more than twenty dollars, or be imprisoned not exceeding one week I for each offence. 12th. Be it further Ordained, 4c, That any Sheriff or Constable, who shall fail to execute any order or process of the Presi dent or Board of Selectmen, may be fined not less than one, nor more than twenty dollars, or be imprisoned not exceeding one week for every such failure. 13th. Be it further Ordained, 4c., That the resident and Contables be entitled to the same costs as when a person is convic ted, as in state cases; and when moneys and fines are collected by process, they shall be entitled the same costs as in civil processes of this State. 14th. Be it further Ordained, 4a., That all species of gaming prohibited by the laws i i . . . in i . . r . . . oi mis s?iaie, snan db uniawtui in this in corporation; and, Be it further Ordained, That any one on conviction thereof, shall forfeit and pay not less than five, nor more than twenty dollars, or be imprisoned not exceeding one week for each and every such offence. 15th. Be it further Ordained, c, That any person or persons, who shall tare, pull down or mutilate any advertisement in this incorporation, such person or persons so offending, on conviction thereof, shall for feit and pay not exceeding ten dollars for every such offence. 16th. Be it further Ordained, 4c, That any person may be exempt from working on the streets, by paying one dollar per day in advance, and taking the President's re ceipt for the same; and such money so ob tained, shall be appropriated to the im provement of said streets. , 17th. Be it further Ordained, 4c That the persons required to work on the streets of this incorporation, shall appear on the public square in this town, by eight o'clock A. M., or at such other time and place, and with such implements as the President shall require as notified by the summoner, and shall vork'fafhfully until a half an hour by sun, P. M., unless sooner discharged by the President or overseer, ana snau attend in like manner, from day to day, as requir ed by the president or overseer until they work the number of days required by law. 18th. Be it further Ordained, c, That the person appointed to summons the hands to work on tno streets, may ue exuuiiuiaicu from working on the streets one day after he shall have duly notified such hands. 19th. Be it further Ordained, That when any horse, cow, hog or other animal, shall die within the incorporation of this town, the owner or owners of such animal, after being notified by the President or any of the Selectmen to remove such animal or carcase, and on failing to do so, shall pay five dollars for every twenty-four hours such carcase may remain, and when no owjier is found, the carcase shall be remov ed at the expense of the incorporation. 20th. Be it further Ordained, 4c, That any person failing to appear before the Pre sident or Board of Selectmen and give evi dence when summoned, shall forfeit and pay not less than one, nor more than twen ty dollars, or be imprisoned not exceeding one week lor eacn ana every lanure. 21st. Be it further Ordained, 4 c-, That all fines and forfeitures shall be appropriated to the use of the town of Kosciusko, and col leeted forthwith. ; 22d. Be it further Ordained, fa, That any summons against offenders or trespassers, shall simply be a command in writing to any officer to bring such offender before the President, and stating the charge, or when the case occurs in the presence ol the Pre sident, Sheriff or Constable, no writ shall be required, but the offender may be arrest ed by either, of said offence; or on a verbal command of the President. 23d. Beit further Ordained, 4-c, That any person or persons, who may injure any tree or trees growing on the public square in any wav whatever, shall forfeit and pay not less than one, nor more than twenty dollars, or be imprisoned not exceeding one week for every such offence. 24th. Be it further Ordained, 4-c, That any member of the Board who shall fail to attend when summoned on business, may be fined not more than two dollars for every such failure. 25th. Be it further Ordained, frc That any person or persons wishing to exhibit any show or exhibition, menagerie, circus, juggling, slight of hand, or other exhibition within the corporate limits of this town, such person or persons may be permitted to do so, by first paying to the President not less than two, nor more than five doliars for every such exhibition, and taking his certificate, or in his absence the certificate of the Secretary, and on failure shall forfeit and pay not less than ten, nor more than twenty dollars, or be imprisoned not exceed ing one week for every such exhibition. 26th. Be it further Orduined, e., That any negro slave violating any of the fore going ordinances, he, she, or they, on con viction, shall receive on his, her, or their bare back, not less than ten nor more than thirty-five lashes, and the owner of such slave or slaves shall pay all costs of said prosecution. 27th. Be it further Ordained, S(C, That if any negro slave be lound drnnk within the incorporation, he shall receive not less than ten, nor more than thirty lashes on his bare back: 28th. Beit further Ordained, 4 c, That no person or persons shall hitch, or cause to be hitched any horse or mule, to any tree on the public square, under the penalty ot not exceeding five dollars. Be it further Ordained, 4-e., That a copy of the foregoing ordinances, as modified, be stuck up on the Court House door, and take effect from and after the 1st of June, A. D., 1844. G. W. HARLOW, Prn't. James A.Gboves, Secretary. MR TO VOLUME. Premiums from 3 C, 10, 30 up to SO Dollars ! FOR EW CJj I MIS FIVVE HUNDRED DOLLARS in PRIZES for Literary Contributions! THE PARAGON NEWSPAPER! The Original Dollar Weekly! The Cheapest, Neatest, and Most Popular Family News Journals ever Pub lished in Philadelphia. Alexanders Express Messenger Is universally known in every section of the United States as the Original and Only Successful Dollar Newspaper established here or elsewhere. It contains all the advantages and objects of a Literary, Scientific, Moral, Mercantile and Agricultural Journal,- aud the publisher deems it unnecessary at this time, to go into a lengthened recital of it numerous peculiar and popular character istic which have so extensively recom mended it to the Family Circle, in Philadel phia City and County, throughout the State of Pennsylvania, and every other State of the Union. Its course has always been Neutral in Politics, and free from Sectarian ism in Religion, and whether cousidered in reference to the Richly Varied and Valuable contents of its columns, o expressly adap ted to the Wants of all Classes, or its moral influence in advocating the interests of the rising generation, it wi'l be conceded on all hands that it is the Cheapest and Best, and Most deserving Popular Encouragement and Support of any of its City Weekly contem poraries. Alexander's Express Messenger Was established seven years ago by its pre sent proprietor, who projected and founded those successful publications: 'The Satur day Evening Post 'Godey's Lady's Book,' 'Graham's Magazine,' 'The Saturday Cou rier,' and The Daily Chronicle.' None of these, however, ever arrived at so great a Popularity and Circulation as has attended the Messenger during the whole period of its existence, luliy corroborating the often repeated opinions of all the country editors with whom it has an exchange, that 'The Messenger is the Paragon of the Philade'- phia Weekly 1'iess." ALEXANDER'S ttN. c u.prsicu compend of Tw. "a cani eign News, a A? and pJ. most invariably arrive 51.,,emw ginning oft he week, the JbSL orb goes to press on Wednesday K,h Reports of a'l the Important Pl- , Congress, and the Lv, tre, are fully recorded by egZ pendents employed for that JrZ " Corres- i ne literary Contributors to the m ger either in Poetry or Prose 8en' the ablest and most talented wri.rl'mD country. Is there any . reaion ,u m th that If should not maintaU th. 5erefor(V reputation, of being the Che!lKble Useful, and Interesting FamiU, h most in the World The ntem8fefl,P 8engaso selected and aanRfd , The Farmer The Bus?, w The Mechanic , The Man o - TMin The Merchant, and the Mora 'ence May find in iu well-stored columns U r struction and Entertainment; and as if most care is taken to exclud ,,.!?. ut. which possibly might offend nJLinm8 uooa taste -farents can n ste Parents can nlao. tW PER in the hand of their DaughUn' Daughh --ri ""-"uauon wh ich i the nresent deirennrnlp '"'"ii in tion of . the Public Press. cannot be too highly estimated. Several Thousand Dollar' Have already been expended for Suitau'n Engravings to embellish some of the most Striking and deserving articles that hava appeared in the Messenger: and arrant ments have been made with Eminent Ar tists, to continue a Series of Subipct. entirely ATeuand Original character, which a they are published, will add materiallv to the elegance and. attractiveness of thi Journal. $500! 0nrramplr&llttrarn$rits The pursuits of Literature is not more successfully advanced than by inciting the aspiraut to renewed exertions in his studies and efforts to arrive at the summit of Fame the road to reach which has been so often journeyed over, apd found so full of ob structions and perp'exities, that few have ever arrived at its termination. The pub lisher of the Messenger, desirous of EE WARDING THE TALENTS of some of his numerous correspondents, and enlist, ing others who have not yet contributed to the interests of its columns, presents the following LIBERAL INDUCEMENTS AS PRIZES FOR Original Tales: For THE BEST TALE, founded on the events of the American Revolution $200 00 The Second Best (the subject at the choice of the Author) .... 150 00 The Third Best (on the Naval His tory of the Country) 100 00 The Fourth Best 50 00 djVAH the Tales intended to be offered in competition for the Prizes, must be re ceived by the middle of January, when the will be submitted to the decision of a Com mittee of Literary Gentlemen, chosen for that purpose, and well known to the reading public. After the Premiums have been awarded, the Publisher will se ed from the remaining Tales, such as are worthy publication, for each of which, when pub lished, the author shal. receive TWEN TY DOLLARS.' The residue will be returned or disposed of at the option f the persons who sent them. Premiums for new Subscribers! The Publisher of the Messenger having; received numerous propositions from ma ny of the ENTERPR1ZING KEWSPA PER AGENTS throughout the country, is desirous of securing their services to ex tend the present unrivalled circuation of his POPULAR FAMILY NEW SPArtn, for which purpose he offers them or any other gentlemen disposed to enter on the enterprize, the following liberal and ad vantageous terms, in forming new clubs ior ine ensuing year. For $10 in one remittance, 12 Copies. 30 " " 26 " " 30 " " 40 ' " " 60 " ' 70 " ". 100 " " 150 . " The remittances to be made in current Bank notes of the State where the when- bers are obtained, or negotiable . oraiw wou'd be preferred. The pajct wi i sent to any part of the Union separately or together; it is to be desired, however, tnai each of the different clubs shall be as mucn concentrated as possible. ' (, CO Agents will please to forward the names and remittances of NEW Cl immediately on collecting them, as itis in tended to have all the Subscribers farms" ed with the IMPROVED MESSERG commencing with the year 1844. ALEXANDER'S EXPRESS MESSENGER Is published Punctually every Morning, and is priuteJ on beautiful ' paper and excellent type; and arrangemen have been made for the future to W forwarded to subscribers, by mail, i utmost despatch, carefully envelopeo i strong wrappers. A FIVE DOLLAR will procure four copies of the one year. The price to single sscriber. (not attached to Clubs) is Tw JJJJJ per annum, or One Dollar for s on'"e which must invairiably be paid m wv All orders, postage paid,''"',, addressed to ; . , ; - 1 CHAS. ALEXANDER, v , Athenian Bw Wff'C ' (EJ- Postmasters are authorized, n. erally willing, to forward mwV, tWts papers free of expense, where vish. are signed by themselves. Fers" jt can ing to transmit, will, therefore, wn the be doue, write just what me V:he n . L hv SO doing will only have the trouble of lgT'dore Postmasters will take care lu." ,nrd their names on the outside, Is0-" j ;s of "free" can be writtea by any on' j""g die no use in i ran King a ieui. jroW I'nRtafp is nam. Tin iptrprs aic the PoM Office.