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""' "' m .'"" State, by the ConetUuHon, nor prohibited by the SM Statu rnptethely, or to the people." Constitution of the United Btates. we reserved lo the EDITOR It PROPRIETOR. jyVJflBER tircnfs: Ruheiit HioHTt Louisville, Mi. Oio. Wr. IIahlow, Kosciusko, Mi. iu. A. Kkith. Carthage, Mi, BtTHUL Hunks, Clinton, La, administration of the War 1) epart- ned strong Brougham, with his far-reachitii; m4u,uf;Hig unoauntea utilitarianism; ment for the eight previous years set . . ' ,' not wisely ;tiiu i g ,vc a certain pledge, notwithstandin Kindly apply to the heated actions, and his comparative youth, of the ability ii in me nus lorums ol men. Urn rnlsa li.IUIS: condnct which he had dodo,.,.,! i patient reflections of a puileless life fUEJfiFFERSO.yW hese were men whose8 Z Sv, t dished every inumaay.at ;;. r transient v cnioved hv nn . i.i ..... . l I M wuiu inn i.ui in leave impressions o qually permanent, useful, and gratifying. In August, 1811, Mr. Dallas retumod i to the United States, bearing the ties patches from the American commission ers then holding their session a. Ghent, which announced the prospects little fa vorable to a speedy peace that are know n to have resulted from the earlier confer ences with the British envoys. On his arrival he found his father transferred from the bar of Philadelphia to the head of the Treasury Department a posl re quiring, in the complicated state of the finances, and amid the pressing exigen cies ot the way, all the resources of from this determination, Mr luugmeni ami talent tor winch he lias a prominent part: the i i 1 1 i i , . i ... i. . i i i i i . . . . . , . .,vv,.a.,DaUj uioiiiiKuisneu, oui which no m wrtich the Democratic convention oi Was llmv destined t, .I',..,, I.,,. .!. I. . .1 .. a...- . ., r , . , ..y...... ,, , u,r.jiu iiiruugu a uib omic, uresenicu ineir reasons iov me ... a fccjpi'r jniivim, invariant v m advance. Wrertiserapniw win r.e inserted at the ... : r ... yiuirms rac , m wn: ror every tr-n hues c-less, nrst insertion, one dollar; and lor (jeli mbsequent insertion, fifty cen,s, pay Seui advance, or upon first insertion. Standing advertisements, every ten lines ileis, will lie inserted as follows : Throe months $a 00 Six months 8 oo On year 15 no Advertisements not marked with the 1; " I in i i'nii:., will lie continued un- ilfo.h.d, and charged accordingly. An", luncinj? candidates for oiliee, for o'jn:v, nve noiiiirs, ior state any Divine:, dollars, payable invariably in advance. Letters on business with the office, to en t attention, must he post paid or free, loney may be sent by mail at our risk, i receipt is first taken from the post- Imt. loli Work must be paid for on delivery. would display in the Executive offici lo which the voice of his countrymen sin ui call him. When, however, the general sentiment of the Republican party thio' much young- out tin- Union expressed a desire to c, li fer on the venerable patriot who had su long and so faithfully maintained the principles in various posts of civil trust, and so brilliantly augmented the glory of his country in the field of battle, Mr. Dallas, with sentiments towards (.'Jen. Jackson in which the friends of .Mr. ( al houn in Pennsylvania at once participa ted, too'; the lead in suggesting that llie younger candidate should he presented to the American people for the Becind office, while the united and harmonious voice of the Democratic party sljonld name (Jen. Jackson for the Presidential chair. In everv measure that resulted ,allaahore eloquent address to those that involved the serious qucs- us measure, and the means by which its tion of a right of one or more of the success was achieved, if not yet develop Slates to nulify a law making such revi- ed in all then- details, are yet generally sion on principles that it might regard as 1 known. In consequence of it, the State contrary to the provisions of the: consti- was plunged into the long train ofdisas union. On both occasions, Mr. Dallas ters from which its citizens have uot yet took part in these debates. ' In the for- been able lo extricate themselves, and of mer, after an eloquent picture of the sit- which the effects, extending far beyond nation and resources of the United States, there immediate objects, have produced he touched with a powerful, hut friendly the most deplorable results on the busi spirit, the various causes to which, inde- ness, prosperity, and even character of pendently of the policy of protection tho American people, liven after the generally advocated by the Northern j shackles had been fixed, Mr Dallas was statesmen, might be imputed the distres- among those who sought to relieve the sea that were supposed peculiarly to af- community from so fatal a thraldom, feet and injure the agriculture of the Taking advantage of the approaching South. Following then the course of convention, when the people of the State general opinion, as well as the declared were to meet with every attribute of orig policy of Pennsylvania, as evinced in irral sovereignty not restrained by the the repeated votes of her Legislature, he Constitution of the United States, and presented, in a manner not often surpas- of which the assemblage was promulga- led by the vote ol the people before the ant administration of two years, im portant posts of public trust riacr s and policy of the Repub- daughter ol Democratic Review of Feb. 181?. GEORGE 91. tM'.s.is. Mr. Dallas was horn in the citv of ladclpfiia on the 10th day of July, til lie is the elder son ol' Vlexan- Dallas, one of the most accom- MitM advocates ami i istni.nos .w lie-men that have adorned the Ieu--d ession ol the United States, or sus- lou, 111 un (principle in party. lli received the rudiments ins education at a school in German- rij and afterwards at the friends' A smy m Philadelphia. At the age of lie was entered at Princeton College, continued there until 1810, when he t gradtiutej w ith the highest honors Ml ClaSS. lie delivered (hair tinln. Dry address, which is still remember ud adverted to in the college historv nrfbuig cxaijip'e of (Vwlioff, ! ce, and taste. Indeed, as a public Ike;-, he c:ivo earlv Dromise of that Hence which has since been display I many of (he prominent situations !i his talents have elevated him: lltuhlished oration, delivered when '.is fv.rt jicventeen years of ago, and Ivrvcd in the Port Folio, strikinirlv p's the maturity of his Dowers. tier circumstances and in secured for him a yet larger share of the applause and confidence of the United Stati s. Hi-; son remained with him for a timo at Washington, to nssist him in the arduous duties of the Treasury, and then returned to Philadelphia, to resume, or rather to commence, the actual prac tice of his profession an even) that was almost ;!in liatelv followed hv his mnr. ige with an accomplished tadv. the daughter ol Mr. Nick in. an eminent merchant f thai city. The death of his father, which occur red shortly after he retired from the ad ministration of the Treasury Depart- rourso he had adopted, is generally in i manner that derstood to have proceeded from his pen; cd anu u hen, m INoveni usually large majority ty thousand Demoe'i the enthusiastic feelit the Slate, there were Ih.iI ier, 1824, 1 of mere (hi die votes s j ol the pei fi w anioni ic un II tiiir iow'ci oi'in zeal lintl ic on more houorao v in actively aisinayed man Ins m i sed in torce and clearness, oy tnoso wno have treated the matter in the same light, the views then entertained on the best mode of adjusting the delicate question, so as to save the South from anv real in jury, and yet preserve from destruction the labor and Wuldle cd excitement of the following year pro duced that gloomy epoch in our fraternal Bltnals, which was marked by serious discussions on the extent of force that die General Government might exert up i n the opposing laws of the States, and act in question w as passed, he called to the consideration of the State, in an able and eloquent letter, the propriety of ex amining into the frauds that had been perpetrated, and relieving the common- intl pursuits of the Northern tvealth, by an edict of that body, from tales. hni the heighten- all fraudulent invasions ol its rights, due care being taken lo protect and indem nify individuals concerned in the institu tion from any pecuniary loss. The political history of die following winter was marked by the election of Mr. Van Bttren to the Presidency; and one of the earliest of his acts was to e ct m i on; nt actions oi her authorities am ducing that gratify l i e choice of sentatives having to Mr. Adams, the only r ii irr- ing result. he House of Ri i en the President v succeeding four years u ted to create the vet stron ho sustained that power in ofter to Mr. Dallas the post of Envoy tuon en h b leved e ce ger coneontrntion of public opinion In favorof Gen. Jackson; and when he ob tained, in lh'J8, die suffraacs of fifteen i cn- i, ment, took from Mr. Dallas, in the out- States, the majority in Pennsylvania had to I oeen increased oeyono niiy inousanii. It was during this interval, that Mr. Dal las r ceivt d from the set of his career at the bar, not morelythe benefit of professional assistance seldom (equalled, hut those kind and endearing associations which could have grown no onlv in interoourwi with one whose geitlUS Won noi niTirr- Orillicm iriftn hfB a- fections were warm. Sclf-depeiulr.it, 1 in consequence of lh( however, he applied himself with the of tho federal party, I more ardor to the practice of the law stowed upon a person of his political o and being appointed, in 1817, the depti- pinions. On the election of Gen. Jack ty of the Attorney General in the city son, he was selected by him as chief re of Philadelphia, ho soon gave evidence presentativc of the Executive Govern, of that skill in conducting criminal "a-1 ment of the Union in the same citv, by people ot ;ns na tive city an honorable mark of their eon fidedeo by an election to ib.c nia.v oraltv: nn iiiiicc winch loroKiiiv i :;, intMllliSe usual ascendency ecu 0 liai to its nre?ervaiion. and warrnntea ny ihe spirit and terms of the contract, but deprecated, in so doing, every measure not clear! necessary for those objects. 1 Questions aonearinff lo involve anv lifferences r.f policy d' interest among he States, Mr. Dallas appears uniformly . I'll to lu.ve leaned to ttiat course wnicn ne di cmed most calculated, even at some sacrifice, to preserve the harmony of the whole. (In the 3d of March, 1833, the term expired for which extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten tiary to Russia. In that country he re mained till October. 1830. The only portion of his official correspondence, while there, that has been made public, is his discussion with Count Nesselrode, relative to die territories and commercial intercourse of the two nations on the coast of the Pacific ocean. It developes several points connected with the rights of the respective governments on those shores, presented with great clearness and interest, and destined, no doubt, at a o had been elected day not very distant, to become "objects his own .. ..lit - , MS r' still nn re genSTSI ..un minute iv.-j.ni- w-r" .ate. ii res i; ..'.i name was withheld from the Legislators nation. The claims and rights of the A- as a candidate for re-election, lie w as mericans are sustained with great ability desirous to return to the bar, from which and spirit To these objects of inquiry such an occupation necpssnrily withdrew which, in such a country as Russia, him: and hi-doin? so M as speedily fol- Would naturally attract on Intelligent lowed by his appointment to an office, mind, Mr. Dallas devoted great attention, whose duties, while not unconnected Into its history, and a study of the habits, ses which has since always'distinguished being appointed to the office of District with politics, were far more in accord- manners and character of its people, he his occasional attention to that branch of Attorney of the United States. To the ance with his professional pursuits, lie plunged with a natural enthusiasm, and In leaving college, Mr. Dallas com- his profession. When, in the following same post his father had been appointed was selected by Governor Wolf as the collected a variety of facts tending to . v. me study ol the law, in the ol- year, charges were introduced into the by Mr. Jefferson, through the whole of of his lather, at Philadelphia; and assembly of Pennsylvania against Gov. whose administration he continued to fill 1. .L. t . . I own, in too intervals oi mat severe Iv, the more attractive forms of liter- land poetry were not unfrequently vated. he vet nersevered with une.eas- . i application in making himself a ttorney General of his native State, and elucidate all these subjects. In a public he continued to hold it with increasing address, delivered not long after his rc- reputalicn, and with a degree of appro- turn to the United States, he sketched bation and confidence on the part of the with a vivid and brilliant pen several of whole community, in the executive ad- these topics; but it is lo he hoped that, ministration of the State, hv the election from the materials he has collected, a Findlay, which resulted in a legislative it, and from that office Mr. Madison call investigation, Mr. Dallas acted as his ed him to the head of tho Treasury. counsel; and the firmness arfd ability His son occupied the post for a much which he displayed throughout the whole I shorter period, but in the-two veara proceeding, placed him at once, by ge- which lie discharged its duties, several of Gov. Rimer, of course induced him work of a more extensive kind may he nigh master of the great principles neral consent, in a rank in his profession eases of public interest and considerable lo withdraw. hereafter given to the public. It is one lie Profession of which he has since that bad seldom been attained hv so maornitude cave full scone to hi a abilities J Mr. I (alias bad scarcely retired to nri- which is rendered peculiarly interesting. Mo distinguished a member. He young an advocate. and contributed their share to his repu-1 vate life, when he was made the object from the nature of the friendly relations Manned to the bar m 181.1. Soon 1 It is scarcely necessary to remark, that tation as a professional man, which each ' Ol one ol the most remarkable proceed- mat nave existeu, ana mat circumstances line declaration nf war UMlh Knir- llio nviironnina nf a lniral bin nnnlrl not VAnr snntimin(t in an rririont iniro that havn ever b:iractet!'( I the nn- Will Dl'dbao ' U'llLr preserve. liei'C- he had enrolled himself in a vol- withdraw Mr. Dallas from the deepest At lemrth, in the vear 1831. a vacancy ' htii r corns: and when, in the vear interest in nnlitieal tonics. Deriving havinff occurred in tho reorcsennilion l)f 1 1 Mr (J dlatiii was appointed by ! from the conduct and counsels of his fa- from Pennsylvania in the Senate of the intervals of their temporary ascendency, a century, has been the strangeness and wiit Madison a member ol the ther. and from the associations ol his (;nited States, the Legislature selected Under the pretext ol inquiring into the perversity oi oiner international preten tion that repaired to St. Peters- earliest youth, as well as those of later , Mr. Dallas to fill that honorable post. character and acts of secret associations, sions. that this Republic and that Despo lor the purpose of negotiating a years, a strong attachment to the princi- ! Thus, in entering for the first time a le- several of the leading members of the tism, though widely separtcd, recognised under ihe mediation ol Emperor pies and views ol the Democratic party, gislative hody, he found himsell in the Republican party were summoned to tno wisnom oi cioseiy cemeinmu men Fttder, he accompanied that minister he had never failed to co-operate with hlghestand most important assembly that Hnm'sburg in the middle of the winter, mutual amity. J he freedom ol me seas, I private and confidential secretary, his fellow-citizens in the measures which exists under the provisions of the Amcr- and. in defiance of the positive provisions the rights ot neutrality, the searehless P? a residence of more than a year were calculated to advance them. The ican Constitution. A new field was giv- of the constitution of the State, aright shelter ol the llag, were early units oi MDB. M- PlaHna hail an nnnnrtn. : mnm Irnnnnll oil minlslmtinn of Mr. Moll- . en to bis talents ni a statesman and nn Wan assumed hv a Committee of the Le- sympathy and fonlidem e Wliir H IHC ion - ' ' - ........... I .uu.v - - j - - . , - . ilitieal con- orator. Havinff at the bar ol i'hdadel- gislatnre to investigate tneir private and east oi my. jenersun Mine m i n i. 1 - - . .'a 11 1 . 1 Oil' iss uiai nave ever cnuraeiBriiscu uie uu- "in iunMij u,ib r" -' lical course of die party opposed to marked with great truth, in the address lemocratic principles during any of the referred to, that 'such, for more than half pol 1 11 V ! s 1 ! 1 1 ir I c ii im I- t-innp inri mi nm . i i . i tlin lieree ma. and the Nctbcrbmds. While diets which evistei (hirimr the war with una lew eoua Is in forensic e oouenee. social conduct as members ol 'Masonic tnese ties are since aouco omer, jinug- land, a family connection with that England, did not present many questions and being perhaps without a rival, ecr- societies. Of the persons subjected to ing mainly from a common conscious- one. under He obeyed the summons issued the apparent sanction of the House of Representatives, and appeared hi fore ihe committee; but when asked to take the oath by which he yvas required vir tually to acknowledge the right of insti Intine an inquisition so unheard of, into ib is Btrnnfffi innnisition. Mr. Dallas -as ness that, while there ran seldom if ever be points of enmity, their geographical relation on opposite flanks of rival and ambitious powers, gives to their deflated friendship a vast efficiency in discoura ging assaults or enrroiuhroents upon their own security, pursuits and indepen dence. It is but a reasonable curiosity 1 . 1 . . I . , i i 1 , i ... 1 " ..1. 1. 4 . ...,, 1 .s. i l j m til M- A ' Kl liar-) d. and some of his ore- - which he he ievod to be essentia to a snnntaneons dec nmat on. so often sue- the private an" harmless comma oi mm- wnicn neens .o uuucritw .. imiiuu, ...v.v P 'ouis. that he declared in his i sound and just administration of the af- cessfully indulged in the lesser ossem- self and his associates, he refused, in a likely than any other to be Ihe pcrnia i that those were the first things fairs of the Commonwealth. These ef- Wages of his fellow-citizens. Hisspeech- short but most impressive address, and nent and pacific ally of the United I et sounded to hi, ears like famo; forts resulted in the triumphant re-elec es m the Senate ol the United States, displayed, in terms that led to tne anor- orates. f p M popularity in a far and rising tion of Gov. Shultze, the candidate of throughout the period that he remained tive termination of the disreputable af- Since Mr. Dallas is return from Ktu I-V. ca.no, It i.,.ru vorv d.ll nt il. l)o,,.r.i n nnrlv 1 nil--re . were hoard Will a I ten 1 1 . ill leal e:i v e a I! . It:-' 111 I Ut ICC, I li(" alii V, aim KM 13 . w, UB IIH ubyuiuu iiih... w-v. , KeenhimDral nroiuo nf iha orvttvd It, , t orhiU nnonlmi i v followed bv sue nv i.lei.ce nf b is com nlcte success. These lie p.rceived, on this occasion, these- to the practice of his profession; and ''"i then bulling around him. eess, thus attended llie course of his po- that have been more carefully reported, cret operations that soon ripened to so though it is generally understood, that latal a result, oy wnicn tno uaiiK 01 inn not mug hhui ihi swm I'nitcd Stmes was imposed, by corrupt cabinet was tendered tolum DV lir. van so lar. sonereu 10 ms o - poet, who then, at twenty-five that rallied party controversies or nation- tainly without a superior, at home, on l age, was receiving in London I al affairs; but the election of Governor any occasion of public discussion, he peral and enthusiastic admiration I leister in Pennsylvania had brought the was now required to match himself with ihe appearance of his two beautc Federal party into power in thai State, men trained by exercise as well as pes- Pns, the Giaour and the Bride of after a lon period of Democratic sessed of distinguished ability, in a M, could not fail to eafl forth. It ascendency, and no one embarked with scene which forbade the logical precision MMMMaqtience of a remark of Mr. I more zeal than Mr. Dallas in endeavor- of a court, and yet could scarcely call ii upon the popularity in America mir to effect the restoration ol the policy forth or permit the animated current oi another relative, the hnmane liticai associations in the State, the ele- display on a variety of topics, striking I 'I i'miI iurist who was then the meats of division among the Democracy political views; and they abound with ice of tho court of common of tho Union began to be apparent in re- passages ol animated eloquence. The was Mr. Dallas' good fortune to gard to the indi Idual who was to sue- most interestmgsubjet ol general dis- n. not iinfreonentlv. into ihe eeed Mr. Monroe. Earlv personal as- Cussi'Mi. was that which made the win- l" some of those eminent law- sociations, as well as a just appreciation ; ters of red lPl.f more memorable 0 Ii ive, bv the brilliancy of their 1 of his distinguished talents, had led Mr. j in our legislative history than anv period .... i i . ! .. .... ., ... i .t- ...:.i. i.'. ...!.., i 'i'i, will nov.it . An tn nh.l.nlhmnn 1 1 n .it- n nnila itritn o nnre nor! I on o is s lice HR WHr Willi i .1. - .oni. 1 nu 111 111- ...... , - . . . . - , , . , . i. .: ..... , , . ... r .1. . -:ee t :,. n 1 U MM di.. renose. in f 1 1111. loumied 111 ins aoner- de-1 elides on w nu ll a revision 01 me tarui o.s mcmui i.u-,. .'ii.ti.riii. rvw - .. , ,, , ., . 1- t . ... .1... i r II , . . 1. r nrwi nifinnnosi lo.-'Oiq. e o e - 01 1 . 00 u the United States, and especially of Penn- termination to remain in private lite, sylvania, as a State institution. He lent That he will be long permitted to do so, the aid Ilia influence and talents to resist we cannot think, unless he shall strenu- it White he remained at Harriaburg, and ouslv resist the wishes and judgment of .... ,;,,,.., ii,;t.,dnl,d,in ..u-.,Lenei1 his fello w-citizciis. Tothe confidence nil inn n nun ii 1 it - ii-, tiiiu., ... profession yet more distin-1 political friends in Pennsyivanin in a de leiples on whiel 7 'hin it was in previous days. 'sire that the vote of the State should be i of duties was to he made, give rise, in t a -.ill s whoso haiiAMiiM n i ... m .linn tn M, Paiknnn nn,i ih kiiccpss mm former session, to warm ana lonir in ns-sions. to n foil sense of the danger ence. from earliest yeutli, to tne aecepieu whose near approach hail been carefully doctrines of the Republican party on eve- "nose beniflcenee flowed in a g ven to Mr. uainoun, and tne success , me lormer mssh.i,, ........ nn.w ... ... .. ... .. , , , haddsbril M transparent, copious, and : with which that statesman had conducted ' hates, which, in the following one, led concealed. Phc history of that d.sastro- ry great national quettioii, he add. .Dr..