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0f RlCUittD JACOBS, "The poxvert not delegated to the United Slates by the Covtttitution, nor prohibited by the Sides, are itstned to t'u , States respectively, or to the people." Constitution of the United States. EDITOR & PROPRIETOR. VOLUME . 7I.MCO.Yn MSSMS8MM19I, StlTUSm.'iY, tlFRMF 12, I S-IS. Yl'.lIiiER 29 TERMS: TffE JEITEIlSOM.hY .MitheA everv Saturday, at Tliree Dol- Liper annum, invariably in advance. I advertisements will be inserted at the Allowing rates, to wit: For every ten lines If leSS, Orsi inseruuii, uur uuuai; onu iui L.t. inh:(auent insertion. fiftv cents. Dav- Jble in advance, or upon first insertion. 8tandine advertisements, every ten lines L uss, will be inserted as follows : Three moouu u vu Six months 8 00 One year 16 00 i,rrficomnt! rot marked with the flu-''- umber of inse'.jns, will be continued un- l forbid, an -nargea accordingly. candidates for office, for (iuu" - n l.,tif Amp ilnllnrs. for State anv District. (UUir J t J o dollars, payable invariably in advance. letters on Dusiness wmi me omce.iu en Lre attention, must be post paid or free. jWoncy may De sent Dy man at our risn, a receipt is first taken from the post- taster. Job Work must be paid tor on delivery. A GOOD OFFER, f nir nnrsnn u'ho will nrncure for us w bj I r ,n nur subscribers and forward the cash be of postage, shall be entitled to une bpy of the Jefferesonian for one year gratis Agents: Robsrt Hiout, Louisville, Mi. Geo. IV. Harlow, Koscius ko, Mi. H'm. A. Kfith, Carthage, Mi, Bithw.i IIat.iks, Clinton, La. From ihe N. H. Patriot. FROM THE SENIOR EDITOR. Return of Colonel Boardman of Xa shau, from Mexico. IJiv descrip tion of the recent capture of Santa Anna, hia army, fortune, fyi:. Country of Mexico, the people, their poverty, fyc. tyc. Louisville, Ky., Feb. 17, 1845. Returning from church yesterday after noon, I met Col. Boardman of Nashua, N. II., who for the last year h;i been a resident of an interior city of Mexico, where he has some connection wiih a cotton factory put into operation by Yankees from New Hampshire. Col. B. accompanied his daughter to that place nearly a year since; her husband had been lor three years previous the head of the factory owned by a wealthy Mexicru Spaniard. Theneverc restric tive system of Mexico excludes a?l such American manufactures as are not smug gled; and the monopoly of trade in that article, sold by Santa Anna to two indi viduals, has raised the price of imported raw cotton to thirty cents a pound! Cot ton yarn, No. Vi, which is now sold in the United Siates at seven to ten ccnt9 a nnund, sells in Mexico at seventy-five cents to a dollar a pound! Those arc among the blessed efforts of creating a 'home market' by the government regu Vera Cruz. The cider Indian, suspect ing all was not tight, reported him to a near village to which he was conducted, and where his person was recognised. Santa Anna has one cork leg, having been deprived of it in some battle he complained of ill-heal;h. and all the way after leaving his horse-guard by stealth, he had to be transported on a litter. He was taken to Xulapa, and from thence on the 20th January he wab carried and placed in the strung caiclie of Perote, the place where the Texan prisoners suffered their long imprison ment. He complained all the way of sickness and was carried as helpless. Col. Uoardman says the general opinion .. i . ir i . .. is. i i; it he. vi never do suueicu m a military command without the formal volo and assent of Congress. Santa Anna refusing to do this, the Congress then declined to hold further communi cation with him excepting through Gen Bravo, the nominal cunitiinnilor-in-elml. In his exigencies, Gen. Santa Anna wroto to Pcredes, a popular military leader,' then residing in his province some five hundred miles westward of Mexico, endeavoring to convince him that a mili'.ary dictator was necessary, and asking his aid to institute a govern ment of force. Peredes promptly rc tmneil n answer, savins that thus far try ia volcanic. They have j me l;me stone, giving that arnc'le nearlj as er feclas our water lime: ihey luie m c. al. Most of the fuel of the cities uttd for no oilier purpose ihai cm king, is char coal, made and brought chw n lioni the mountains by the Indium. '1 heie s,re mountains between Mexico anil Veiy Cruz, 17.000 to SO.tilO feet tuth, whose tops are covered wiih perpetual snow. There is only a siigle load through the country passable with car riages; and one man ownes all the prop erty invested in siage mail couches. I lie passage in every direction is ti n he had been his friend, but would go i mules; and the cost of transport c f n, r . - . i 1.1... . . riM Peredes to Mexico, where under the rnr- inai vulijecf' mnnv hpiivv anirles. Three leave this place alive, and thinks that ! ehnrge ol want ot loyalty, lie arrested tourtns oi the population lie down with even before this time he has been shot, j and threw him into prison. Soon see- nn bettor place for rest than the floors lis the just punishment of his crimes, j ing the indications of popular excite- of their mud cabins the condition of He had hucomo so great and so despised j ment, the tyrant released his intended j the slaves of the south in their worst es a fugitive, that there weie few so poor ' victim from' prison, and placed him at j tate is enviable when compared with the would do him reverence. He is be- J the head of the Post Office Deparment. Mexican masses. "With few incentives tween fifty-five and sixty years of age, j Peredes not conveniently fitting himself; to exertion, they arc indolent and ino and was lately married to a young girl j to that place and being a dangerous man i rant. The better part of the lower elas of sixteen; Colonel B. saw the brother I at the Capitol to the tyrant's purposes, se is said to be the untamed Indians de r '-..,;,. .. vr.nnr m:,n nf : was soon afterwards semt to the northern ! cended from the simple natives first twenty -two, who on showing symptoms of adherence, was denied the passage through the fortified pass, towards Vera Cruz, arrested and imprrsoned. The fate of the tyrant will be decided by the Congress ol Mexico, consisting oi mem- htions iexcluding foreign trade and ma-j from tt,e several provinces. His i.: 1.. r I 1: I , r Arn Jbom of New England in Phil Vlphiit enjoyeil their anniversary dinner Christinas day, on which day they W ', as the phrase goes, 'a teast ot rea- i tor the flow of soul. 1 he tollowing ait .se song was sung by Mr. Sullivan, in a good one, read it: JEREMIAH IIICJGIN'S ,. COURTSHIP. Near Newtm dwelt a damsel fair, With rosy cheeks and dark brown hair, And near her lived a hearty youth, The only son of mother Ruth. The maiden's name it was Kesiah, The youth was called Jeremiah. A prettier pair was never sceii, In all them parts where I have been. Now Jeremiah, young and sly, On sweet Kesiah kept his eye; At last he thought it best says he, I wonder if she would have me?" Then Jeremiah, in his best, To 'iut Kesiah to the test, Right down he goes, clean shirt and shoes, To ask Kesiah how she docs. Kesiah set to hum alone, Wmirl'rinir where th? beaux was gone, When Jeremhh stepped right in, And scared her so it was a sin. He took his seat close by the window , A great way off, and just behind her. Says she, you'd bettor draw your chair Close to the tire; you're freezin' there! I aint pert'te'lar, Jerry said, But felt confused, and hung his hcah, "Oh, Jeremiah, what's the news: Tray thll me something to amuse." I haint heard nothing new of late, 'Cept Jimmy Hawkin? broke our gate. Our speckled cow has got a calf,' Then Jerry gave a chuckling laugh. So there they set as mum as bricks, ' While Jerry whittled up two sticks. At last Kesiah did conclude Thul Jerry's conduct was too rude. Sho screamed rieht out. 'O let me go! Jerrv, how can you treat me so?' Up started Jerry in a fricht, And star'd at her with all his might. I nint a touchin' you f he cried. Welt aint you going to,' she sighed, Then Jeremiah took the joke, And laughed till h did almost choke. Next Sunday in the church was read That Jeremiah meant to wed. Kesiah blushed as red as fire, And stole a look at Jeremiah. kino a mnnonolv of merchandise. Col. Boardman left Guadalajara, the place of the cotton factory, which is a bout five hundred miles southwest of the City of Mexico and some two hundred miles from the Pacific ocean, on Decem ber 5, last. He brings the latest infor mation of an important revolution which has just now talcen place in tne govern nwn office was elective everv four years, as was the Congress under the Mexican Constitution; he had obtained the elec tion by fraud, and he hesitated in the commission of no criminal act which would perpetuate his ill-gotten power. Before Col. Boardman left, the Mexi can Congress was understood to be dis- r..i-cinir ilio mipaiinii nf lu-lcniuvledinilff ment of Mexico, involving tho fate and j lne independence of Texas: he was of final tall ot anta Anna, w lien '-'"l- the opinion that this acknowledgment B. left Guadul ijara, the army of Perc-1 W1j De made speedily. Involved in des which was the nucleus of ths revo-1 debt, mainly by acts of Santa Anna, lution, had retreated to a baranca or wuo Vil inade the public revenues sub- mountain gorge two thousand leet deep, j servient to his own nscs to an enormous nrnvinces iii sn iiprintcnd the slanco Ol tobacco duty and he collection of other revenues. Having taken up some hun dreds of thousands of the public money at those distant points, he at once ap plied the proceeds to clothing, f eding and paying the wages of the army. This act was only necessary to serure him the good will of all within his reach. In the meantime the spirit of the masses throughout the country was be coming gradually aroused. The ran- choes or owners of the haciendas or farms were alarmed at the strides taken to seize the whole vulue of their pro ducts: every class of the people united in the general sentiment. Peredes was found and tez. overcome by Fernando Cor- About nine months, or a little a'ter, Sweet Kesiah she had a da'ter, This child so pleised the tender mother That in one year she had another I A mnn in Baltimore, who has married thrna uriv. snd h8 been arrested for bigamy, will get clear on the ground horn & slave, and his mr- riages all therefore, by the laws of Ma- fyiana, are 'voia ana oi u"i-' twenty leagues west of the last named Citv, his cause having heen oetnyed ny some Mexican officers who had proved faithless to their engagements. From this retreat in the mountains, where n small number would keep a large army at bay, Peredes did not venture until as sured that the mass of the people were ripe for rasistance to the tyrant. Pass ing onwards towards Mexico in the mail diligence, Col. B. met the army of San ta Anna, who arrested the public vehii le and declared there should be no commu nication with the Capitol City, which had just issued its Pronunciamento de nouncing the desn.-1. After about three . . . . , . , weeks detention, Jol. 1J arrived in trie ancient City of Mexico on the first day of January", and there remained until the I7th. lie there saw Gov. Shannon, the United States envoy, and is the bearer of despatches fiom him to our government at Washington. Leaving Mexico early on the morning of the I7th in the stage or mail vehicle, he arrived at Peuhlc.a City of 120,000 inhabitants, the following morning. From this place he passed wi.hout ma- lenal interruption to ttie v,uy m ciu Cruz, on the Mexican gulf thence he i. i Mo. ii iWoin.' ;hppf Ik? ar- Ul"a ainjJ w 11c vm-uu 'i --- i rived in eieht days, from that place he came by steamboat up the river to this place. He brings intelligence oi me fall and capture of Santa Anna and of the emancipation of the people nf Mex ico from a despotism as cruel and terrific as it was paralyzing to to the prosperity nf thn neonle. Gradually dejerted by his followers and anticinatinir the gathering storm, Santa Anna about the 14th January, af ter having appeared to act on the offen sive annirist the City of Puebl.ifor some weeks, deserted nis remaining army wiih a trooD of five bundled horse, in tending to escape by sea. About five league beyond Xalapa, on the ereat high way between Mexico and VeraC'uz, - .i i . i is a piss or jrorge mrnugn me moun tains, of which the followers of Pere des had possession, and which was for tified as well by cannon on either side, ovelooking the road itself. At tms pass Santa Anna boldly demanded passports ... .. IT, to the coast, which were reiuseu. ue- trent'tnir. h left the body of horse, and accompanied by some half a dozen faith-; ful servants, he sougnt a pass over me .i i . 1 mountain a tew miles to tne ngni oy this help he was carried over, and here, Hisimiscd as a friar under cover of a sheep's gray cloak, he fell upon two In dians hunting in a baranca or ravine, w whom he represented himself to be a smuggler from the coast, and offered them money to conduct him towards A SECRET WORTH KNOWING. 'Truth is strange stranger than fiction Under ibis heading the Long Island Star publishes an interesting tale, for the extended details of which we cannot find room, but must content ourselves with giving Ike leading facts in a condensed form, for the benfit of our readers, A young grocer of good character and correct habits, commenced business in a good and improved neighborhood. His stock was small as were his means, and his stock o4 customers was still smaller. extent it m said to tlieaniouni oi mo: than one hundred and fifty millions of dollars, Mexico was in no condition to make war with any foreign government, much less against the United States for the possession of Texas. Col. B. says that the possession of Texas was a mat ter so little thought of in the interior, that away from the City or Mexico the subject was scarcely talked of among the people. J lie Open iJppwmiimi v hiv v,. n i - n a.... .,HY)nnr.oil oUMit tho firtit nn. be found not the expected additions of November last. It is said he had the betrayal of confidence had enabled converted to his own private uses and Santa Anna to anticipate him. The i i ci, ), nmniint nf kpvi ii- new nonular military leader was obliged IIUU away tain ui . ii- M te-n millions of dollars, several millions I to retreat to a baranca with his small -r ...i-i. ,i.,;,i t,, l,w nrndit. n ihodv of faithful followers in the midst s i ti i ii.. . u:.. i - i l i r u ,,,s sales iiaunv nin in rAiieiis-es, uhu the popular leader at the head of the ar- evi(,pnllv h ..d(iWn m and ray. The weauny men r"'""M pll L,ri,p thp he cornP re. their means to support the cause dieted that he would ioon be a. the hot general understanding was extended to f ttip different provinces. 1 ronuiiciampn- , , . . c , , tne uiiii.il in i'i - ' j t0 regret this opinion of the old grocer tos. or denunciations of the tyranny of i ... ,,1, , , , , ' , . , i "i will appear. J he latter bad a daughter Santa Anna, were agreed on to be oeclar- . . ' ', . . . , . V , ' . . , who hau won the heart of the fotuicr. - ed at the same time in many cities and 1 fl ... . . . .u ai oau rj He oflcred himself to her and was reiect nrovmces: the Governors ot some oti , ,. , ....... J . the provinces hesitated, and some of them even betrayed to the tyrant the se crets which had been committed to them. Peredes had marched with the forces collected in his part of the country to meet an appointed force in another di rection. Arriving at the point agreed Ilis will was law, inasmuch as under a reign of terror he had obtained a nominal sanction to all of his edicis. To increase the revenues, ho imposed successive enormous taxes : the pour Indi in who packed down charcoal from the mountains' was obliged to pay trib ute for the privilige of selling it ew;ry profession and calling was taxed to the utmost extent. For a consideration ap ted to his own emolument, Santa Anna sold to the individuals the right of the whole importation of raw cotton lor a term of time; and these individuals were thus enabled to command of the manu facturers of cotton five times the amount of the original cost. The tobacco trade was also an enormous monophly thro' out the country: there are places called stancoes in all the provinces, where this duty was collected. Jvery planter oi tobacco was obliged to number and pay a price upon every tobacco plant, or his field was cut down by the government officer the cigar maker was taxed, and even the small cigar or tobacco vender was obliged U deposit his tribute in cash before he could cuter upon his nusiness. Santa Anna was in the habit of seiz in" the property of the churches and other public property for his own uses. In his last cflorts he took the bens oi the churches and ordered them melted to be converted into cannon balls. . When tho Congress was in session, he called for an extra appropriation to cover the expenses of his army, which had been nearly two years without pay, nnd was naked and destitute. 1 his gave the Congress in its turn, opportunity w call on him for a specification of his dis bursements. Declining to answer this call, the Congress then plucked up cour- ck thai nfi won n tps bii UC IU "- r command of 'hcarmy which'he had as sumed in violation of the Constitution, that requiring that no civilian should hold ed. It was done, however, with the as surance that he was the man of her choice, but that she had acted in obedience to her fanner's command. Assured of the affections of ihe wo man of his choice, he setjhimself about removing the only obstacles in the way of their union the father's objection to his pecuniary prospects. A year bad elapsed and lo, what a change! the young grocer was now going up hill with the power of a steam locomotive; customers now flocked to- . e .ii - ) iia f r i r ri i rfiin nil meiriuri' 1 1 1 1 ui un f ti 'i of the mountains, mto winch only asm-1 p. ((r m Mam on glP mule could enter at the same time , opposite comer, for the younger fa- The spirit of revolt becoming general, I Santa Anna soon iound adherents only ,(,(, t)e od " m.er gorey, ,n his own army, whole division, of j coud j,b which continued to desert h.m. He oc cupied a posiuon at some distance to the ; r . ,, - M ta discover south-west o Mexico, w nen aooui ine , , .1 6th 1 ecember the City issued its Pro nunciamento which was followed up at j once by Puebla and other cities and j provinces. The tyrant was enabled for! a short time to assume nn offensive atti-1 tilde before the latter City. Pcrede, however, at the same time gathered Rtrpntrth and increased, till Santa Anna, hopeless of success to Congress, and to prevent the effusion of blood, consented on his part to leave the pacification to Commissioners. Growing weaker and weaker in his physical means, be aban doned all ho had, left with a troop of horse about the 14ih January. On the 20th nf the month, Col. Boardman was on his way down to Vera Cruz, he pass ed through Peredes' army, then twenty thousand strong. Without mu-h if any blood-shed, the tyrant will have been ef fectually conquered, and the government restored to as much freedom of action as nnsht be expected where its only corrective is an unenlightened and bgot- ted population, directed by no enlarget At this juncture. Anuchoa for that was the daughter's name contrived to bring about an apparently accidental in terview between the parties. After the old man had become, through the inter vention nf the daughter, tolerably good humored, and he inquired wiih great earnestness f the young man, how he had contrived to effect co much in one year, to thus extend bis business and draw off the customers from the older stands. The young man evaded an answer- but inquired if he had anv turiher objec tions to his uniou with An relica. "None," replied he, "prov ded you re veal the secret of success." This the young man promised when his happi ness was made complete. The Id man commended his prudence on ibis point. The affair was settled and the marraige soon took place. The friends of the young couple were all assembled, and among them, many ,ed population, directed ny no e. nrgen .ugtom,rs of lhe lwo 8l(ires. An- views of what may best conduce to their . fe . as . fl8 . . ... interest Col. B. represents the country of Mexico as exceedinyly interesting. El evated several thousand feet above the sea. under a tropical sun at all seasons, the climate is free from the action of ci ther excessive cold or heat. In some places the country is verry fertile. Where there is no rain forsevernl months the growing vegetation is supp rted by irrigation. Haeieneas or farms, walled in, extended several miles in length, the property of a sigle owner. The propri well could be and the old gentleman was, if possible happier than they. The bri dal cake was about to be cut, when the old man called out for "the secret." "Aye, the secret," " the scret," ex claimed fifty others. "It is a very simple matter, said Thomas, "I ADVERTISE" ! ! ! Tho old gentleman was very, very old f isioned and while he shook Thomas heartily bv the hand, and kissed An gelica fiftv times over, he merely mnt .... .. . , i j, . . ., 1. San Jacinto Editor. etors of land are called ranchoerors ' tercd, " Why the dickens did nt 1 think the laborers, ranchos. The whole conn- of that!"