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.j Vi li ; 0 HK', iBD Jacobs, 5T 13 Ml JfM S. fllS jKrFMWOUIAW DEMOCRAT . published every Saturday, at Three Dollars aiiiium, .nvwiaoi in advance. Per. person who will procure us five subscri .'and forward the amount, ($15,) shall be iJnLtW to a sixth copy gratis. lotrine first iii.scrtion, fifty cents; and for each sub- rat'-t1" 1,1 C'.V "even MIICH ()I .ess. .equcnt iJrance. criii'ii twenty-live cents, payable in 0f ti;w,n first insertion. Standi' ; ,v-' nisenienis. every seven lines or , s W1 be inserted as follows: " Three months $3 00 g x months 5 00 One year 8 00 i.tirrtiseinents not marked with the number insertions, will be continued until forbid, and 1 Juried accordingly.' nouncHiff-caiididates for office, five dollars,, arable invariably in advance. , tetters on business with the office, to ensure j jteution, must he post paid or free. 1 "jloney may be sent by mail at our risk, if a receipt is first taken from the postmaster. j j0b Work must be paid for on delivery. MMMMMOMIinMMaMMMMmniMni I MOFFAT'S VEGETABLE life Tills A I'hanix S2 tilers, I'or Sale by the iQgcnt. THE high and envied celebrity which this pre-eminent medicine has acquired for its itariable efficacy in all the diseases which it rrofesses to cure, has rendered the usual prac- iceof putting not only unnecessary, but unwor :av of tliern. They are known by their fruits; itircood works te: tify for them, and they thrive at by the faith of the credulous. In all cases of Costiveness, Dyspepsia, Bilious sad Liver Affections, Asthma, Piles, Settled tons, Rheumatism, Fevers and Agues. Obsti nate Headaches. Impure State of the Fluids, nliealthy appearance of the Skin, Nervous Debility, the sickness incident to Females in Delicate Health, every kind of weakness of the restive Organs, and in all general Derange- nentsof Health, these Medicines have invari- iMy proved a certain and speedy remedy. They restore Vigorous Health to the most uhausted constitutions. A single trial will ?lace the Life Pills and Phoenix Hitters beyond it reach of competition, in the estimation ol ery patient. Prepared and sold, wholesale and retail, at iVilliam B. Mortal's Office, 335 Broadway, cor- trm Anthony street, New iork. N. B. None are genuine unless they have the lit simile of John Mofmt's signature. The Life Pi Is are sold in Boxes I rice, 2o- m, 50 ceiius. and one dollar each, i.cconUnf? Ml &Viev.and the Phoenix Bitters in bottles. Si or2 each, with full directions. Just received and for sale by CLARK A McADORY, Agents. Kosciusko, Jan. 13, 1844 Itl The Msasassauotis Xotima ; The largest Folio Xetvxpuper in I fie world: j for oHiy yz 1'i'T THE great revolution that is now going on in Hie publishing of hoc ks. by the prompt and extraoi'it i n h n'y clicup isues vi a ue-u ami idluabic or entertaining worus, seems io un a iav in a vrrv trtiit measure, with the necessity orVlicy of publishing a newspaper in the ljuarw or Uctavo t( rin. i ne suosci nn-i naa therefore concluded to discontinue the quarto (ton of ihe Boston Notion, and hereafter that piper vi be issued in the MAMMOTH FOLIO tOKM. Arnriptv of now lentil res wi be introduced iuo the Notion, which we feel confident will tee it highly attractive to every class ol ren te, A F,v,,,r,.'i n nnrtn.rni will he added, under Ihicll kon.l - tl.ill niirtnnvnr tn trivp a Vallia- Me and seasonable collection rf the best arti cles that appear in the leading Agricultural F.rnr!rii(l. ihe leading Agricultural papers of England being raivta at tne omce oi tne ixouou iy cvtijr steaoisliip. Unmms by a Loafer. Under . this head we ska give, each week, a humorous and satirical mscoursc upon the current topics oi me uay, fashionable humbugs and charlatans, arid pop ''w fallacies of every description. "KLtcra y w pan mem wi in y uuiuiwu 18 present high reputation. The best and ear tseleetuns of Tales, Romances, and Light usee J"c Keview," "Ladv's Book," "uranam s kazine," "Sargent's Magazine," Ac. Ac. A Price Current and The Markets wi be two features that wi also be introduced into Motion. Particular care wi be taken to tftenre the earliest advices in reference to the fesoi a kinds of Grain, Provisions, j io- &c, the state of Stocks, Banks, Moneys which wi render our Prices Current ol f! value to the Farmer, Mechanic, and a i !tsiness classes. SUNDAY MORNING EDITION. Hp mil'..... - .. .i;,ir,n nf thP .. uiiti we sna issue an cmn'" lotion every Saturday night at 12 o'clock, thick,,,: T . . ' ., . i' aotnr.l:.,. -. contain a me news m """""".o 30"ces of Concerto, Lcctu-"r&c-' w,,ich occur "Saturday Evening, ano?'!" local inte gence '"'ch wc can gather up to the hour of il2 o H Saturday. B . NEW TERMS. .Auction i,f Vi-ler llpi-pafter we wi 1 send , Boston Notion, in clubs of five copies, for do ar ,. nr fi.ro .tnllnrs for SIX tilths, rnl, .i T.,.,i inii'S. five 0 ars per year, or two dollars and fifty cents SUT m,..l. : i ".. nnir. tu-n dol- - 'i'mhiis, Mi ttuvance. wnc -'r." , , rsand fifty cents per year) or one do ar and jty.five j-or six ,nonthSi advance or three ars per year, payable at the expiration of the ,r GEORGE ROBERTS, riV,lihr Hoitn TCo,on. ai.eons Ke:u iiil. wif be uiven irom ni- Eiglish and American Magazines, viz: "Black nod's," "Tail's," "Frazer's," "Dublin Univcr "Bentley's," "Ainsworth's," "The New Monthly," and "The Metropolitan," "Southern wterarvMpsspncmr" Knickerbocker." "Demo- "Thr .,.. .1.1 . . . KOSCIUSKO, MiSSiSSiri'I, STtfiUKiY, IWlSilKiitY f Vew Enterprise, lhj the former Editor of the Saturday Evening Post, and Saturday Courier. rjOMPRISINQ the fruits of twenty years ex Y penence in the Newspaper business the aid of the most distinguished newspaper writers of the day; a valuabe Foreign Correspondence; with troops of Literary friends, and the determi nation to publish a newspaper for all classes, which shall not be surpassed. riiihuk'lplila Sal in-day Museum, Of Knowledge, News und Amusement. A Family Newspaper, neutral in polities opposed to quacrery, and devoted to the useful arts, education, morals, health and amusement. The tales, sketches, narratives, biographies, essays and poems, sha'l be of the first order; the best productions of the best writers of the day. Also articles on History, .Astronomy, Cfremistry, and a the useful arts and sciences. I with a liberal portion of light reading, anee- dotes, wit and humor, making a varied, rich, and mirth-inspiring Olio. L'fe. on the Ocean Furnishing narratives of ! sterling adventures at sea, showing the courage and heroism of the bold mariner, as : He springs from his hammock, and flies to the I deck, H'here amazement confronts him with ima I nges dire, I Wild winds and mad waves drive the vessel a j wreck, ; The masts fly in splinters; the shrouds are on fire. ! Foreign and domestic news, Congressional proceedings, and a general view of ail matters of interest or importance, will appear. Pietoral embe ishments, comprising maps, : landscapes, architecture, portraits of distin guished personages, of both sexes. In these as wei as in neatness of typography, the Museum shai not be surpassed. Foreign Correspondence. Arrangements have been completed for securing a regular foreign correspondence, more extensive and complete than has ever enriched the columns of an Ameri can newspaper. Commercial. The state of business, of stocks, prices of grain and flour, and a" descriptions of country produce, merchandise, Ac, wi' be given from actual sales in Philadelphia, Haiti more, New York, Boston, Ac. Select and original gems from the best pro ductions of the best writers of the day. 1 TO ACEXTS Terms, Commissions, ic. : Anv individual who will take the trouble to nmni' the names of his friends, and remit the funds, wi be entitled to the commissions, which are at present, and wi'i continue to be until iur- tber notice, more liberal by far than have yel . heen offered by any newspaper of real cnarac ter or merit. Terms. The Philadelphia Saturday Museum is tmblished every week at two doi ars per air num, as usual in advance, or three do 'ars at the end of the year. For twenty do lars, in current funds, sixteen copies of the newspaper wM be forwarded, securely packed, to any part of the United States. .Three copies for five do ars. A I orders and communications lobe addressed, free of postage, to THOS. C. CLARK A Co. 191 Chesnut street, Philadelphia. We sha'l be glad to exchange with newspa pers that wi 1 oblige us by copying the above. The Ladies Wreath, I S the title of a new work, published niontniy 1 in Philadelphia, at the extremely low price in Philadelphia, at the extremely low price of One Dollar a year. The design of this work is to turnisn at a tow ... , i. i .or.,-., .v,nrlt and mechanical execution, shall equal the nest lllU.U ,MllHI.ll"V ,7 , miiittza.iv ...v..,...vt;. three Ji.Ha-magazines. Lach nuniDer will eon- tain at least forty-eight (8 vo.) pages of reading matter, entirely original, from the pens of the most talented male and female writers of the day Oe or more Splendid Steel Engravings will be given in each number, and also one of a series of Splendid Flora Engravings richly colored, now in course of preparation (teci dedly the most attractive series of embellish ments ever given in any magazine One or ore nves of new and popular Jte wiii be i pure gol.I, and 3 parts am i-.nn oi a ,..tit o. I v .n fii T each number. It will be printed on alloy, at 8.) cents and U mills for each penny-given- in each numoer. ' t .oiv,f Thn rll.,wmr table exhibits the weight new type, cast expressly for the purpose, upon avnmc t lor 1 III T1UI IC. lll.LJll line wiiuc jiajrei. i ,. - third number, and thus far the result has proved that the design of publishing a magazine of su perior literary merit and elegant execution, at the low price of One Dola' a year, could but be successful. Our subscription list is already double that of any other One Dollar Lady s Ma-'a.ine, and hundreds are added each week. New contributors, of known and acknowl edg ed talent, have been secured, and the pub lishers are determined to spare no pains or ex pense in rendering the work every way worthy the patronage of the public. Clcbiiisb isn Premiums. For the convenience of neighbors, and to fa cilitate remittances, we will send, when remit ted post paid -Seven copies of the Wreath one year for f 00 Four copies ol the n ream, aim any Dollar Magazine, Five copies of the Wreath, and any Phila 6 00 5 00 10 00 10 00 10.00 10 00 10 00 15 00 delphia weekly paper, Fifteen copies of the Wreath, Ten copies of the Wreath, and any Three Dollar Magazine, Ten copies of the Wreath, and Spark s Life of Washington, in Nos. t Ten copies of the Wreath, and Scott s Novels, , Ten copies of the Wreath, and Dickens (Boz's) works, ... Twenty copies of the Urcath, and any , .1" iU n ).-' nampd Works, Specimen numbers furnished, if ordered post paid. Address DREW & 8CAMMEL, Publishers, 67 South Third street, Philadelphia. Editors giving the above, a few insertions, and sending the numbers containing it inarkeu with ink, to the publishers, shall receive the work one year. . , Editors giving the above five insertions, and ca ing attention editorialy, shall rece.ve m ad dUion the 19th volume of the "Knickerbocker, rr-mmenrinf' .Inn nary. rnosi'ucTus or j he fflsomv BMinnuT. R. JACOBS, EDITOR 8t PRjP;4lET0R. k great necessity existing in the central portion of this State for a Journal to advocate and support the cause of Democracy and Demo cratic principles, as well as to expose "Coon Humbugs," and "Hard Cider" influence, is too well known to the citizens of this and the adja cent counties to be reverted to by us at the pre sent time. The campaign of IS 10 is fresh in the memory of all of you; the result was djsas trous and degrading to the Democracy of the United States, and will always be remembered as a dark spot upon the fair fame of Democratic principles. The Presidential canvass for 1814, has now fairly opened the crisis is near at hand, and it behooves the Democracy to be on the alert to have their sentinels upon the outer walls to give the alarm of approaching danger, and avert the deadly shaft aimed at our political as well as civil liberty; and hurl from the high places of honor and trust, those political aspirants who were elevated by "Log Cabin" excitements, Ac; and prevent those Gladiatorial demagogues who are now in the political arena, and would 'sell their birthright for a mess of porridge,'' or, in other words, would attempt to overthrow our free institutions, by saddling upol the peo- pie a l.'nited States Bank, from holding the reins of our Government. The Jf.fff.hso ux Di:Mn nT will advocate and support the princ iples bequeathed to the De - mocracy by the immortal Jell'erson, and sus tained and acted upon by a Madison, and a Jack son, Ac, Ac, and will support for the Prest dency, the nominee of the Democratic National Convention. Pin xciplks not MEN, will receive the uncompromising support of the Editor. It will also contain the news of the day, both For eign and Domestic, Literature, Ac, Ac. We shall nail our flag to the mast, with the hope that the Democracy of Attala will come to the rescue, and give their undivided support i to assist us in our enterprise We do not un- dertake the publishing of a political Journal j,p,norant 0f ,le responsibility devolving upon Wp h bcj a practical prin. ' 1 Vr natI S("nc experience m publishing, Ac The first number ot tne Jkffersoxia JJemu- cnT will be issued on the first Saturday in January next, if sufficient support should be received to warrant us in the undertaking. K isciusko, Miss., Nov. 22, 1843. Terms; The Jeffkhsonian Democrat will he issued every Saturday morning, upon a Super-Royal sheet, and forwarded to subscribers at Three Dollars per annum, in advance. VALUE OF CiOUV COINS, BY THE ACT OF 1834. rpiIE Eagle coined before July 31st, 1834, - ii,.... 1 grs. of pure goat,) must be taken at U4 cents 8 mills per pennyweight, ana tne naives anu quar ters in the same proportion. The Eagle coined a tor . ii v list. 18J-1. weiu'inng sao grams oi I ., . ,..,. ... n,l tUkal ; pu.e .m, i.iu.i . - i an ' r i The foowllinsr foreign gold coins are also a leeal tender, by weight, after the 31st of July, 1834. Those of Great Britain, Portugal and Brazil, containing 11 parts of pure gold and 1 of alloy, at 94 cents and S mills tor each penny weight. Those of France, containing 'J parts of pure gold and 1 of alloy, at 93 cents and 1 mill for each pennyweight. Those or Spain, Mexico and Columbia, containing 20 parts of " 'h - and value of each coin after July 31st, 1834: Names or Coi.ns. E.VGLANI). Guinea, i in proportion, Sovereign, Seven shilling piece, Pohtcoal Dobraon, Dobra, Johannas, Moidore, i in proportion, Piece of 16 rees, Old Crusado, of 400 rees, New Crusado, of 480 rees, Milrec, of 1755, Brazil Dobraon, Dobra, Johannes, j in proportion, Moidore, J in proportion, Weight. Value. dw. gr. 5 8J 5 2$ 1 19 34 13 18 6 18 6 22 2 6 15 16 dol. c. m. 5 07 4 4 84 0 1 69 0 32 70 6 17 30 2 17 02 0 6 14 9 2 99 2 64 9 69 8 73 2 32 70 5 17 30 8 17 02 4 6 65 6 63 7 4 84 (i 9 69 2 19j 12 6 22 101 6J 11 22 20 3J 7 Crusado, Frascf Louis, before 1786, 5 Double Louis, do 10 Louis, after 1786, 4 Double Louis, do 9 Napoleon, or 20 franrs, 4 Double Napoleon, or 40 frs. 8 Si-ai x Doubloons before 1772, 4 57 5 9 15 0 3 85 1 7 70 2 double A shares in propor. 17 8J 9 8J 16 6 0 15 53 0 3 83 0 Doubloons since 1772, Pistole, Coronilla Gold Dollars, or Vintern, 1801, Mux i co Doubloon, shares in proportion, New Louis Guinea, f ... i Doubloon, i a 92 1 17 5 17 16 53 4 65 15 53 8i Umtku States Eagle coined before July 31, 1834, shares in proportion, J v T'ol cli!i- in pro. 10 6 18 10 66 10 00 To reduce the light coins to their true value, observc-one grain is worth 3 cents 9 mills French gold, one grain is worth 3 cents 8 j -mills HnniOi. Mexican and Columbian gold, one i grain is worth 3 cents 7 mils. 3, 1841. inaugural Address OF ALBERT O. BROWN, OOV. OF MISSISSIPPI. Fellow Citizens: The people of the State having elected me to the office of Go vernor, I appear before you for the purpose of taking the oath prescribed by the Consti tution, preparatory to entering on the respon sible duties assigned me by the laws of the land. In doing so, I will conform to an an cient custom rendered obligatory by the ex ample of others, and submit to the country an outline of my views and of the principles which are to govern my official conduct. It shall be my purpose to act completely within the powers delegated to the execu tive. I will avoid all encroachments upon the other separate departments of govern ment, and believing that the prosparity of the country demands it, I will resist, at all times, the slightest invasion of the rights and pow ers of the department under my control. The preservation of the Constitution, and the enduring interests of the citizen, demand that the lines which divide the three great departments of government should be strict lv observed. In mv efforts to enforce their observance and in all my exertions to pre - serve, unimpaired, the great and essential principle of free government, I anticipate ; saw at least sixteen out of the then twemy the united support of the whole country. j four stales of our own Union contracting For whatever distentions may exist among j heavy liabilities for banking purposes and ourselves, and however heated our feelings j the most visionary schemes of internal im may become in a political struggle, when the 1 provement. Duly impressed with the vast- j contest is over and the result known, all of j s bow witli becoming respect to the will ol a majority, and the defeated no less than the 1 successi'ul Parl.v fefcl a laudable anxiety to see me government auiiiiiusiercu wnu jus-1 snau ever oe passeu to raise a loan oi mon ticc, and with scrupulous fidelity to the I cy upon the credit of the state, or to pledge Constitution In governments like ours, where the peo ple rule with no other limitation to their pow er than those imposed by written Constitu- Representatives, and be agreed to by a ma tion, we cannot too often recur to that in- jority of the members of each house and strument, nor avoid with too much care any entered on their journals, with the yeas and r -ft. i rru . , ., it i. ' . ., iniraction oi us sacreu provisions. i ne peo ; pic, when correctly advised, will always do right. Having no motive to err, and the j strongest possible incentive to act with jus- tice and fidelity, their unbiased opinions may always be trusted. But from a great variety of causes peculiar to popular governments, there is danger that majorities will some times he led into excesses. The limitations to their powers Imposed by the Constitu tion are, on such occasions, the only safe guard to the rights of the minority. If these limitations be removed, no matter whether by the consent of the weak or the unbridled will of the 6trruig, the minority will sooner or later become the mere serfs of the major ity; and our government, now free and hap py, affording protection to us all, must grad ually degenerate into the worst of tyrannies; a tyranny knowing no law but the will of the licentious majority; affording no protec tion save that which the powerful may deign to give. We arc admonished by considerations like these, to refer continually to the instru ment itself, and to invoke its silent, but po tent, aid in maintaineiice of our rights. However much we may differ as to our con struction of the Constitution in whatever light wc may regard certain rights claimed by one party and denied by another we must all insist upon carrying out its positive commands and obey, with fidelity, its no less positive prohibitions. That temptation may sometimes be thrown in our way that we may be assailed in the faithful discharge of our duty by the ignorant and vicious is not to be denied. Iiut shall we therefore, be less faithful to our Constitution, or ought we not rather to guard it with more vestal care. Let us make all needful sacrifices to secure the good opinion of others. We may en lighten the ignorant, and remonstrate with such as knowingly do us wrong but sooner let us abandon our hearths and our fire-sides, than suffer the slightest infractions of this palladium of our liberties. I have been led to these reflections by the too common ex pression that although the Constitution was manifestly violated "in the issuance of the Union tsanH bonds, yet inasmucn as i yiu jorily of the people approved it at the time, therefore the whole people must submit to taxation to pay them. Thus declaring that (bp. will of the majority, and not the Con stitution, shall be the measure of power, and virtually making one acknowledged wrong the pretext for committing a still more grie vious wron. But how, it may be asked, will the Constitution be violated in levying a tax to pay a debt even though that debt was contracted in violation of the Constitu tion. It has been assumed that the taxing power resides with the legislature, and that they may exercise it for any purpose within their discretion not positively prohibited by the Constitution. This construction of the powers of the legislative departmentmay lax nd libitum. No such authority ;in my opin ion, was ever conferred. The legislature may rightfully tax the citizen to defray the economical expenses of the government, and nnv the debts of the state. But it would be poinir far beyond the authority delegated to them in levy taxes to pay the debt of any or EDITOR PROPRIETOR. an tne corporations within the state. If the Union Bank bonds constitute a debt against the state, then would it be Constitutional to tax the citizen to pay them. But that these bonds do not constitute such a debt will, I think, be made sufficiently manifest by a candid review of their origin and of that clause of the Constitution under which they could alone issue. When in 1832 the people of Mississippi met in con ention, for the purpose of remod ling their form of government, and adopting a more perfect Constitution, among the rnost, interesting subjects which addressed them selves to their consideration, was that of the public credit. They saw the English peo ple laboring under a debt, which commenc ing in the reign of William the third, . had grown in the short space of one hundred and forty years, to the enormous sum of three thousand millions of dollars. They sav the French not less fortunate in regard to their public debt, actually compelled, after the most painful provisions, to throw off more than three hundred millions, issued on account of the public faith. They saw the 1 States in the new and in the old world, in j debt beyond their ability to nav. Thev j ness of the subject, and at once resolving to ! avoid the whirlpool which had swallowed up so many states, they solemnly declared j (see sec. IX, art. VH, const.) that "no law the faith of the state for the payment or re demption of any loan or debt, unless 6uch law be proposed in the senate or house of - nays taKen tnereon, ana oe reierreu to tne next succeeding legislature, and published for three months previous to the next regu lar election in three newspapers in this state, and unless a majority of each branch of the Leo-islatuse soelected, after such publication, shall agree to and pass such law, and in such cases the yeas and nays shall be taken and entered on the journals of each house:" and the conclusion of the declaration of rights declares that "all laws, contrary to the Con stitution, shall be void." In 1837, the Legislature passed a bill en titled an act to incorporate the subscribers to the Mississippi Union Bank. The fifth section of this bill proposed, that in order to faciliate the said Union bank in the loan of V. - .... - , her capital ot lilteen millions hvc nunurea thousand dollars, the faith of the state should be plepged, both for the security of the cap ital and interest. By the second section of the bill, books of subscription for the entire capital of the bank, were to be opened in the manner there pointed out, and the sub scriptions, when made, are, by this second section, declared to be for the purpose of securing the loan;of fifteenjmillions five hun dred thousand dollars. By the fourth sec tion of the bill, the owners of real estate, who are citizens of the state of Mississippi, are the only persons entitled to subscribe for stock. By the eighth section, subscribers are required to secure their stock by mortga ges on real estate and other property to be in all cases equal to their respective subscrip tionsand this is declared to be for the pur pose of securing the capital and interest of bonds for fifteen million five hundred thous and dollars, which were authorised to be is sued by the fifth section. The thirtieth sec tion requires the Governor to execute to the bank, from time to time, bonds in amount proportioned to the sums subscribed and se cured as required by the charter. 8uch are some of the essential provisions of this bill, now called the original charter of the Mis sissippi Union Bank. Upon its introduction, no one doubted, as it proposed by the fifth section to pledge the faith of the state, that it came wilhin tne purview oi ine constitu tion and that it was therefore necessary to carry it through all the formula required by the 9th section of the 7th article of that in strument. Until this was done its vitality was held in abeyance by the constitution. It was acquired, among other things, to bo published for three months m three newspa pers of the state previous to the next regular election; and for what purpose? To my mind, fellow-citizens, there could have been but one purpose, and that to enlighten the people fully as to the whole scheme the amount of money to be borrowed the mode and manner of its disposition how it wan to be paid back who was to receive the profits and above all, what indemnity the people were to have for their plighted faith. The yeas and nays were required to be spread upon the journals: For what? that the people might see who was for it, and who against it. This law, as originally pae scd, was a cunningly devised scheme for a bank, and one singularly calculated to cap tivate the public mind. By it, as published, among rthrthiog, thpepl were inform- if- Till rM,ii tmMmmwm'-'-'' '