Newspaper Page Text
L or S" Bl lua . k or. AP ved lor a wcrr"n.avablei-- nu r , i a,tml1 except al "'"v,v ' . i. ,11 niM-f-firases have r ,uu'" - - .rMFvrswillbe inserted at are (8 lines w w) on, and cbuvo .ui wui I insertion. spirit opkosg: 0 WILLIAM E. SMITH, ("WHKUE LIBERTY DWELLS THERE IS MV COUNTRY.") EDITOR & PROPRIETOR. VOIi. I. KOSCIUSKO, 31 1 SSI SSI STI, SATURDAY, AUGUST 31, 18 SO. 'NO. S3. Advertisements not marked with, the number of insertions will be inser ted until forbid & charged accordingly , Announcing candidates for office, will bo $10. No name will be inserted unless we are specially authorized by noma responsible person. Publica tions of a personal nature will be charged double price. Letters ad dressed to the Editor on business con nected with the office, must be Post Paid or they will not be attended to. Communicated. of the Snint of Kosciusko. Mv attention was attracted by in vour paper oi me iuui m&i. ' u.l furnished me last bu '"; . containing a very nattering Mr. Thompson's speech, de i, fith. T sVin.ll not un- jpre on o disturb the consolation you niinrtor; Vint, so far as (HI lIKl (juu'-v., ion may be oi . value, 1 shall confirm it; and particularly so "appropriate anecdotes" are ,j, In relation to them, you iogized sparingly. Permit mo our attention to them again Le appropriate and peculiarly ted"' too, ana as iorciuiy ex- the "soul, body and spirit" ot democracy, as any thing 1 have tOrV AU X artiu lie hum. iu was a good one; cut how ou "appropriate" the characters j them out, and tell us how Don Sancho and Dulcinea may Jit the subjects under review on r Mr. Van Buren, Henry Clay American people give us a tit ration and light on the subject, cow story, still more "appro- lid WCll Ullieu, tunwiucu iu my Is well as yours, the very zest resent democratic creed. The cut characters presented to us le thiet and the beef he had sto- lawyer (lie made no allusion to I and the jury, three-lourths ol liad been bribed with a part ot . Now, Sir, give us the moral, the thief? What is this trea irescnted by the stolen cow? ioare triers of this guilty culprit, burths of whom have been bribed part of this booty? I beg leave t that you shall gather up these kits tor the benefit ol those who lot at the feast. Thev are pre- icraps, and should not be lost. main object, and the only one ould induce me to trouble you his communication, is to correct irrors into which you have fallen, Ircnce to myself personally. other things you say, that in !y to Mr. T., "I attempted to that no good whatever had ever ted from any measure of the ad- ration partv. This was a slight i I did not impute any measure p' bad to the administration party Elective body. I could not be ply insensible to the accustomed ;atives of your dictators. For e, have you never heard of a lit- anch Reirencv that some time o j Md its session (for the public Po doubt) in the neighborhood of week. say further, that I advocated ay's policy on the subject of a a,'i'. 1 said the protective nrin- Y Mr. :t'e of partial evil; but that I fd those evils had been greatly Erated. To sustain mfi in this I Ve. shields mirenlf of loact from ensure, and taken refuge under "cn. Jackson's annual messages, s that of 1830, but I preferred to the argument by what I consid "1 higher authority by facts ca- f being perceived by every man Non observation by the capital tnufucturinir skill which that mea- transferred from Europe to this 7i and by the immense amount f't'that had been diverted from the jural districts of the South, ope- m a two fold ratio in favor of the reg'ons, by lessening the quanti sed, and" by build i na up mar- wth in tlio TVwi, ,i South cnsumption."- More than this, I Mr. driv'tj it.. -"j a ajjunvy 111 Hie pusaagv Adams was President, and that Mr. Clay at the same time held an executive of lice under him, as clearly disconnec ted with the passage of that law as the office of Postmaster at Kosciusko was from the passage of the investigating! ruisoiuliuii. Who now needs the apology implied in the language you erroneously impu ted to me. Mr. Clay does not, and he never did give the measure his support. Does Mr. Van Puren? Is he dissatis fied with the excuse so often made for him by his friends that he voted for the act of 1823, against his ow n con science, under the influence of Northern manufacturers, coming in the form of instructions? If so, then let him have this also. You also charge me with lauding Mr. Clay to the skies for his opposition to the settlers on the public lands, and his eternal opposition to the pre-emption laws. The truth is, I denied that Mr. Clay entertained any opposition to the settlers on the public lands; and I have never seen any other evidence of it but a slanderous report of his speech in the Globe, which was denounced at the time as false, and never re-asscrted. Mr. Clay is opposed to the pre-emption law for reasons manifest to every man who has paid attention to the subject. lie is opposed to them, because facts and the history of the country shew, that in nine cases out of ten, and perhaps in ninety-nine out of a hundred, the set tlers are swindled out of their rights by rapacious speculators. To establish Mr. Clay's position on this subject; his amendment to the graduation bill was referred to, in which he proposed to al low 1G0 acres of land to actual settlers at" the minimum price. One hundred and sixty acres would satisfy a poor man, but it would not satisfy Robert J. Walker and such land jobbing grttrv, and therefore they indignantly rejected the amendment. But, sir, what plea has Mr. Van Buren on this subject. Our whig representatives, Prentiss and Word, aided in procuring the passage of a pre-emption law; but how much have the citizens of the fairest portion of our county, and one of the fairest portions of our State, been benefitted by it? How have they been treated; men who did not go on the land with a view of asking favor of the government. No, they were able and w illing to pay for it; but their rights and privileges have been suspended over their heads until a band of rapacious, cunning spec ulators shall have time to mature their schemes and gloss over their frivolous Indian titles. And who is it that thus tantalizes the people with the prospect of a good title, to which they have a lawful right, but which he never intends that they shall enjoy? Can the people go to the polls and not recollect that it is Martin Van Buren? N. II. FELTS. Kosciusko, August 20, 1839. ' 2 swifting ma uaut w h'vj uiiu ""writing for glory, and printing on ust," is furnished by a Vermont Edi- CREDIT SYSTEM. -A striking instance of the bad effects of trust tor. lie has due on his dooks, anout twelve hundred dollars he is head and ears in love his passion is requitted; and both parties are eager to become a dipthong. But he can't "do the thing," in consequence of being unable to raise, union his patrons, the wherewith to pay the parson for tying the knot, to say nothing about the necessary jixins. Won't the parson take it out in trade? If he will not, we advise the editor to try our cash system let no paper go out of the ofece till paid for We wouldn't trust our grandfather. It is a pity that our good friends should be de prived of the luxury of a married life. far the most oppressive Tariff law ssed; that bred such disturban ce country, and led it to the very ' rl Tllo,npson was challenged to ' t)Ut he mnrlo rirt ntliat nttnmnt. r admit that Mr. Van Buren, Col. L ' and other democratic leaders t( pass ,iv when John Q. Births at Sea: On the 4th of July, when the ship Robert Pulsford, Captain John Prince, lately arrived at Baltimore, from Liverpool, was in latitude 36 de grees, the wife of Mr. Lewis, one of the passengers, was safely delivered of three line daughters. They were severally named Columbia, Oceana, and Victoria. The mother and children are said to be doing well. Too much name for we. It is said that 978 of the factory girls in Lowell, have one hundred thousand dollars deposited in the Savings Bank in that city. Precisely as it should be. ! From the Missinslppian. WHIG. For vears nast the partv. now boast fully terming themselves whigs, have been in a continual state of transition. By their own choice, they have, in rapid succession, borne the ai. pollution i na tional republicans, .. the constitutional party, and whigs. In modern times, the names of parties Lave been selected with the view of lumishmg a brief and comprehensive enunciation of princi ples. If, as the grot whig orator, iUr. Webster, said, upon a memorable occa sion, "words are things,'''' we are bound to believe whig principles exceedingly mv table things. Kz are bound, also, to believe that the whigs have no such fixed principles as admit of an invaria ble exponent. It is very true, 4,a rose by any other name would smell as sweet," but since the name itself is un exceptionable, would it not be a strange freak to change it, unless the flower had lost its sweetness? Why, then, have the whigs (now so called) put off their ancient names as they would an old shoe? This is the reason no other sensible one can be given their principles have become odious to the people, and the leaders seek to cover their deformity by new garments. But are they less obnoxious, under their new name? Does the fetid poppy send forth a more grateful odor, because, forsooth, it is called a rose? If the people could not support national republican principles, can they now sup port them because they are termed w hig principles? During the war of Independence, those who adhered to Great Britain were termed loyalists or torics; those in favor of Independence, wings. At that time, no political principles, bear ing upon the administration of a repub lican government, were agitated. The difference was solely between the sons of liberty, striving for freedom, and the minions" of tyranny, striving to keep chains upon a free people. The term whig, as used by the revo lutionary patriots, was derived froj-i the application of the . ,d to Hampden and Pyne, and their associates, who so successfully vesistp1 ibspntic p'-ui. ciples of government, which the Stuart family sought to impose upon the peo ple of England. The appellation of ton was drawn likewise from the name giv en to the supporters of the arbitrary doctrines of the Stuarts. The cunning political characters, who first applied this name to the national republican party, thought that the peo ple would at once associate with it, the struggle of our fathers, both here and in England, under that name, and that, consequently, they would forget their dislike to their old principles in their admiration of the new name. But here, they found themselves mis taken. The guise was too thin the people saw through it at a glance. They at once separated the true from the false they saw that the whig doc trines of the present day were entirely dissimilar to the whig principles of the Revolution. Instead of bearing any marks of the patriots of '76, they exhi bit strong evidence of paternity in the reign of William and Mary. It is worth our while to trace the resemblance between the whigs of that period and the whigs of the present day more in detail. It is curious to observe the striking likeness as we compare their lineaments. The reign of William and Mary con tinued only twelve years, but in that short period were laid the broad and deep foundations of a policy more baue ful and destructive than could be reme died by centuries of good government. It was during that reign that the whigs established the empire of the mnneved interest by means of that grand machine for executing the designs of crafty men, the Bank of England. With such jiower did they endow tnat institution, that it has maintained itsell with undiminished vigor to the present time. It is now, and ever has been, the connecting bond between the Govern ment of Great Britain and the moneyed intPi-Pst. hv means of which these two powers conjointly wring from the earn ings of laborious poverty, the millions which maintain in splendor an aristo cratic lazzaroni, and an army of titled pensioners. Under the auspices of certain projec tors, since commonly called financiers, the whigs of that period created a fa mous Land Bank on a principle nearly allied to the scrip banking system of our own times. By this able financial pro ject the people of England were de frauded of nearly five millions ot doilars. Under this whig domination was also fnllv established that prince of monopo lies, the East India Company. No act of legislation could exert a more deadly influence upon the trade and commerce of a country than was effected by the creation of that company, and never was a mtire deadly blow aimed at the liberties of a people, with greater suc cess. Like the Bank of England, it was instituted by the few to extort mo ney from the iiK'ny, -As was foreseen, it criKh'.! all opposition. At ; home, it bought up the ..Parliament by money, and "the official patronage in its bestowal abroad, by treachery and violence, and the most sordid and infamous acts, it overrun and depopulated many of the finest provinces of llindostan, reducing to the sway of hireling adventurers, greedy usurers, and unprincipled stock brokers, millions of people, guilty of no offence against. Britain, save the posses sion of g;,,d, coveted by needy plun derers. "The officers of this corporation aspired to regal splendor and power. Loans were made, towns ana cities rav- acred, and whole countries laid desolate by the savage and unrelenting spirit of plunder, which their charter enabled this comnanv to u-ratify. Crimes of the most atrocious die were not only committed with imnunitv. but the criminals even mocked at the show of justice with which they were visited. Abuses, the most enormous and unparalleled, were not nnlv nmmnished. but even defend ed, and sustained upon the floor of the Legislature of the nation. During this reign, the whigs likewise invented that subtle mode of cheating the people, known as the funding sys tom that is. lssuinc Government secu rities, benrinir an interest, by means of which the cxistins government realized the amount specified in the bill of credit,! and bequeathed to posterity the pay ment of principal and interest. That system has'involved England in a series of foreign alliances and expensive wars, which has cost the nation a vast num ber of valuable lives, and more than pi.tbt hundred millions pounds sterling. The interest upon this incredible sum is paid by the sweat and deprivations of lauor ine pnuripui jhu um lan guished bv revolution. The result of all these whig measures was. in the words of an eminent histo- .i i .-1 ,1 rinn. "til ,T nmiV I "U u I'linuin ami V- - 0 , hirne sums of money into the hands ot low. sordid usurers, brokers and iobbers, who distinguished themselves by the name of the' moneyed interest. Intoxicated hv this (low of wealth, they a fleeted to rival the luxury and magnificence of their suncriors: but being destitute of sentiment and taste to conduct them in their new career, they ran into the most absurd and illiberal ' extravagancies. They laid aside all decorum; became lewd, insolent, intemperate and riotous. All principle, and even decency,' was gradually banished; talent lay unculti vated, and the land was deluged with a tide of ignorance and profligacy." Such were the effects of whig mea sures in England. Mark now the simi larity between the measures just de scribed, and the policj of the whigs of our own country. The whigs have ever been the warm advocates of a large National Bank, in which should be lod ged the government funds, with all the appendages of such an institution, un dertakers, usurers, and stockjobbers. They know that such an institution would enable a largo class of men, w ho aet their living by their wits instead ol hoppst labor, to fatten upon the public. In this respect they have certainly proved apt imitators of the wings, who established the Bank of England. The moneyed interest contrived this scheme as an antagonist to unrestricted trade and commerce. They have, also, uniformly favored every thing tending to expand credit particularly chartered banks. Insomuch that the people of this Union have been defrauded by insolvent banks of thrice this sum, which the people ot hng.anU lost by the famous Whig Land Bank. They have advocated powerful and fTraspin" monopolies, which, if the Amer ican people had not watched with un tiring zeal from the outset, would, ere this time, have produced effects, if not so bloody, at least as banefu to the cause of "liberty and pure morals, as the V.-iat Iridi.i Ciimnanv was to the trade of the neople of England; nnd the in tegrity of the provinces ot llindostan. 'They have been the unfailing advo cates of borrowing money on the credit of the States, and investing it in ine .rna nf nrtfu speculators. wo scheme, to be accomplished by render- ing the States name, is so nwum to find-supporters among the principal whigs. Already have the States run in thnn one hundred and twen ty millions ol" dollars the payment of which the present generation nas gene tvm cl XT Vwmif:it.hfid to posterity, lhe whigs of our State alone recently wish ed to involve it in a debt of lortv mil- i:. r a,a What an armv of con uuum 'i uiiui. " . ,, tractors and jobbers, the expenditure ol o.,.k enm would have enlisted! lo I say the leastthis is a very questionable policy it bears'too great a resemblance to the funding system, by means of which the whigs of England have brought such numerous and varied evils upon that - nation. '. -i-', ' Not the least bad portion of the finan cial policy of the whigs in their uniform and earnest endeavor to create a largo revenue. They have always been a- ware that they would reap the advan tages of a superabundant revenue, and thev cared not whether it was consist ent" with the spirit of our institutions or not, so long as the profits. tilled their pockets. To what cnncl''i'!ip. then, arc wo led by facts like thse? None other than that the whigs of the United States, like -their namesakes of the reign of W illi.ini and Mury,are ambitious of the title and advantages of being known as the mon eyed interest that self-aggrandizen!tnt being th-ir motive, their principlesof go vernment are illiberal and overreaching. Their leaders desire to build up a great stock-jobbing interest to create a large and powerful class of men, swayed by no feeling but the lust of gain to raise a Pretorian band, every ready to use their swords in behalf of any political aspirant who offers the largest hire and the most liberal share of plunder. It matters not that human rights and human happiness are trampled upon nnd destroyed by the effort it matters not that public v irtue is prostrated, and pri vate morn Is corrupted, so long as a new power, subservient to the aspiring views of "the idol of an hour,'' is erected. Such is the spirit of this newly in dited whigism, and well will it" be for the people if, undeceived by specious names, and upcornipted by wicked and immoral artihees. they maintain the pure simplicity and '..mcsty w hich breathe in the political institutions and maxims ue queathed us by our fathers. MISSISSIPPI. Gov. McNutt, of Mississippi, seems to be acting his part well. He has been importuned to call an extra session of the Legislature, for the purpose of passing a State law, but has resisted the importu nity, alleging that such a law would be unconstitutional, and inexpedient also. A temperance law, called the "gallon act," is in force. At the last session of the Legislature a law was passed called the "Penitentiary Law," and making j'nmblinir a penitentiary oflence. This law has been enforced, and has driven that notorious class of banditti called gamblers from Jackson, the capitol of the State. Convictions for murder have lately taken place in the county in which Jackson is situated, a thing quite new in Mississippi. In all tfiese matters the Governor of the State has taken an ac tive part, and, assisted by other good men, brought about a most happy evo lution, which, if persisted in, will bring back Mississippi to rank with the fore most States of our confederacy in order and virtue, instead of being known as the State of gamblers, bowie knives, and broken banks. By the way, we see the Legislature will be likely next session to prohibit the issuing of Post Notes by the banks. This is the only true policy. The State will never get out of debt, while it continues to degrade its cur rency. The first step is a sound cur rency, and all the rest will follow, and easily too, for the crop of cotton is very fine, ami three weeks earlier than last year. From present appearances the urrowin" crop will, in the opinion of men on the spot, turn out 400,000 bales. N. Y. Journal of Commerce. EATING MONEY DOWN. While in the act of signing a receipt a few days since in Richmond, a person laid upon a log a parcel of Aslmelot bank bills,' ($.150 worth) when a steer (there is no accounting lor taste) seized and swallowed the whole at a mouthful. All attempts to force him to disgorge his ill-gotten wealth were fruitless; for tunately, ample proof was comatable, and the directors did, not hesitate to , make good the loss. Here then is a sub-treasurer with more legs than has before been heard of.' low lucky the deposit was not in me- talic currency, for had the oxen swai- owed hard money instead oi nan uuis, le would have been choaked to death to a dead certainty. Another evmence in favor of bank bills against goiu uuu ilver. New Hampshire I atrial. A Bite: "The Feliciana Whig" has swallowed the bait wo threw out to catch a gudgeon. After the creature nets over its flurry, and when we have . . II l..,., I : IVi. thn more leisure, we wm uuui n ., " amusement of the curious. Its speck led belly and striped back will nllord much matter for speculation. Like the dying dolphin, it will in its agony, exhi bit many gorgeous tincts of shade and light all for amusement you know. In the nick of time. Pirteyu wU Planter.