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The Holmes County Time
i VOL I-No. 17 LEXINGTON, MISSISSIPPI, AUGUST 3, 1906. $1.00 PER 1 Smith's Recent Able to Veterans oi Holmes \ Comrades:—Forty years ago, the last 4hot was tired, and the last roll call 'r as had in the Confederate army. Those of us who were spared through the four preceding years of bloody warfare, returned to our humble homes to bo tried anew through the memorable years of We passed from period to period, until finally the passions and hitter animos ities engendered by the war were either ameliorated or forgotten, present — the ever present — dawned upon us, and by that present we were reminded that history had been, and was being, written. It also dawned ever reconstruction. when the upon us that such as had been written was not in all respects a true state ment of facts, and placed the people of the South and the cause for which they fought falsely before the world and the children of our Southland. To correct, as far as possible, these errors, and to give to future genera tions a true conception of the aims and purposes of the Confederates, camps, such as our own, were formed, and it should be the duty of each and every member of these camps to place on record such facts as shall assist, the future historians to write of us truly. History is only valuable as true. Opinions are not history. Acts and facts alone constitute matters historic. With tli,is line of thought in view, I wish to Joring to mind a few facts and acts, srtaining to the armies of Virginia utid the West, or the Army of Tennessee. Some fiftiBon.or perhaps twenty years ag i, a youiilg man born and reared in our town safid to me, that ' 'the Army of Virginia Mid more fighting, severer lighting,amllagainst greater odds, than did the Armw of Tennessee; that the world accord«d the Army of Virginia the greatest ikeed of praise, and that it was justly pbtitled thereto." This opinion was That such opiWH|s prevailed is not a matter of suiilflw when we remember that the fighti^J|began on Virginia soil. ThatRic ier new nor strange. nd, the Confederate cupitol, was thilftjfoul of tlie Federal soldier,and tne try "On to Richmond" the slogan of thk Federal government. On the other limnd, the Confederate soldier strained ti very nerve, and the government exhausted every means tor its defense. 1-1 very manUever by either army was 1 heralded both from Richmond and Washington, like light niug flashes, throughout the gldbe. Alj felt that with thol fall of Richmond the dissolution off the Confederacy would follow. I General Lee, whose star of glory rose at his first battle! rose higher' and higher, and shone \yith greater luster L and brightness witff each successive lencounter, and did niff go down with mis surrender at Appohiattox, command - <«1 the Army of ViiLinia the greater pjmrt of the war contilluously. ■Being in close proxilnlity totlieCon fed» rate cupitol, lie hall the full conti den<* e uf the president and cabinet— n close touch with! them and they was each \ d y knew his intentions and con templated moves again* the enemy. Ilis an\'.V was at all tiir»s thoroughly under his vafious lieuten organiza ants, am |H|| up, except when Longsttcet was sent to Tennessee Never a 1 movement was made thVit it was not given to, thoroughly understood, and if posssible, executed by, yhis' subordi nates, and UffyT WfPfilftrc* with all liis army, bad perfect confidence in his abiiily. Again, the contracted area covered by the Army of Virginia, enabled it by quick and rapid marching and counter marching, to foil the enemy, and at tack him witli the whole army when he might least expect it. Not so with tbe Army of Ten nessee. The vastnoss of territory to lie defended, the great distances between the various subdivision, and the long hard marches to lie made,rendered it a was never divikled or broken mrieuver or matter of impossibility to always unite in time to give battle. Again, the commanding genera] was not at all times calculatetd to win the confidence of his men and lieutenants, and frequently, when with them long enough to inspire that trust and confi donee necessary botween them, some breach would occur between him and Richmond authorities, or for some oth ■ er-cause, he would be relieved, sent to jj& another department, and another some 1 times new and almost untried, placed |9 in command. HI These and varieous other causes, jPAzll of which you, comrades, may call to mind, detracted from the Army of Tennessee, or the West. I yield to no one a greater admira tion for Lee and his men, the Army of Virginia, who won laurels that are deserved and imperishable, and those who utter a word in depreciation of their superb worth and splendid works of heroism, must be traitors to the glo rious memories of the Confederacy. Its achievments made illustrious both its officers and men, who met every re quirement that patriotism, undaunted courage and self denial could demand or accomplish. It suffered lossess, en dured dangerss and hardships, and evinced a valor which are among the greatest treasures of the most chival ric army that ever battled fur sacred rights and the land they loved. As said before, the very purpose for which it was organized, and the po sition it held, gave it a prominence and tendency to overshadow all other portions of the Confederate hosts. In the West, Price With his little hand of Missourians were pouring out their life's blood freely for the mastery in that state, finally closing their campaign with the battle of' Elkhorn in Arkansas, but the actual great battle of the war was not fought until April, 1862. Shiloh, with its terrible loss of life, gave to tbe South and her people a foretaste of the awful holocaust that was demanded of her in her efforts to be free and independent. Thirteen thousand federals killel and wounded and eleven thousand confederates, were appalling figures, and staggered the minds of the people in their con templation. On this bloody field, the chivalric soldiers of the South, was met in stubborn conflict- by the sturdy Western warrior. The losses in all other encounters dignified with the name of battle were insignificant when the minds of the people were awakened to the terrible casualty list of twenty-five thousand in a single battle. The ennormity of these figures forced into the hearts, and homes of the people both north and south, the calamity of war, and demonstrated the fierceness with which free men could meet free men, in defence of a princi pal for which they are willing, if need be to lay down their lives. The army of tbe west make no claim of being better soldiers than the army of the east. They recognize the fact that the record of one confederate re dounds to the glory of all. All that the men who marched or died along the' great father of waters—from Belmont, Mo., to New Orleans, and in the states of Missouri, Arkansas, Tennessee, Mississippi, Georiga and Noth Carolina—ask, is that it lie known that they exhibited the same spirit of self-sacirfice, the same will ingness to suffer and die, the same un selfish patriotism, as did the men whose blood crimsoned the Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania soil. The army of the west, at all times overwhelmed by numbers, never 'despaired; often defeated, never doubted. No misfortune discouraged it. or cast a gloom over its spirits. Being far removed from the center of attraction—Richmond, it did not have the best equipment the confederate authorities could provide, but this aroused no complaint. It was too loyal not to be in sympathy with the efforts being put forth by the govern ment to drive back the mighty hosts of federal soldiers who were pressing down upon the confederate cupitol. The federal army on its front and flank supplied, to a very great ex tent, its quarter master's stores, and the ever brave and vigilant knights of the saddle under Forrest, Buford and Wheeler, were its most bountiful com missary. Naked or Clothed, barefoot or shod,, hungry or well fed, it declined no service and hesitated at no sacrifice. Whether on the march or on the field of battle, it exhibited unsurpassed courage and fortitude. One single thought dominated every soul. Tbe defence of home and loved ones, and the, defeat of the foe, being the all-ab sorbing principle that made them such splendid fighters in battles like Vicks burg, Shiloh, Chickamauga, Franklin. the "Crater;" the other by Mabry's brigade at Harrisburg. Both insig and Comrades, permit me to call your attention to the fact that every battle engaged in by the army of Virginia had its counterpart in the west; and also to compare two assaults on the enemy, one by Saunders' brigade at | MUNICIPAL CAMPAIGN 1 OPENED BY PINKERTON I I —— 1 FOR MAYOR. To the Citizens of Lexington: •J* I take this method of announcing myself as a candidate for the office ^ ♦j* of Mayor of Lcxingtoa. subject to the action of the Democratic party. •|i The election will take place the coming December, and I assure you A that if successful my administration of the affaire of the office will lie A characterized by as thorough businesslike method as will lay withifNmy A power. | 1 i I x Soliciting your support, Lexington, Miss., July 81 1906. Respectfully, l J. C. PINKERTON. I nificant, but got to show more forcibly the point I am endeavoring to make. The first has been eulogized in books and public prints. The latter was published in a county newspaper in our state. For the first I quote ex tracts from Capt. John C. Featherston, in the Confederate Veteran. "On we went, as it seemed to us, literally the mouth of hell. ' ' "This practically ended the fight inside the fort; but the two armies outside continued firing at this com mon center, and it seemed to us that .the shot, shell, and musket halls came from every point of the compass and the mortar shells rained down from above. Tjujy had previoulsy attacked us from below. So this unfortunate fort was one of the few points in the war or any other the history of which I have read, which had the unique dis tinction of having been assailed from literally every quarter." "By tbe report of Capt. George Clark, assistant adjustant general, this brigade of five regiments carried into the battle of the ' 'Cratre, ' ' six hundred and twenty-eight men, and this number it lost eighty -nine. " For the last, I quote from Lt. Col. Jones'letter to the Woodville Republic "The 3Tth Mississippi regiment made the charge that day with about 300 men, rank and file. Forty-four es caped unwjiiridel. Every field and line officer was killed or wounded ex cept Jaspear Green, now a Baptist minister in Rankin county. The little remnant of survivors rallied around him in a thicket not over fifty yards from the entrenched line and a four gun battery of the enemy. Col. Mabry ordered him to renew the charge, and his reply, as I was afterwards inform ed, was this: 'Colonel, we have ex hausted every round of ammunition, but if you say so, we will try again with empty guns. ' Nothing could be more Spartan like than this. " Gen. S. D. Lee does the men who made the charge at Harrisburg but simple justice when he says that he "never saw soldiers fight better. Ex cept in numbers engaged, Pickett's charge at Gettysburg did not excel the desperate charge of Mabry's brigade at Harrisburg. Nor did the famous charge of the Light Brigade at Balaklava equal in desperation that of the 38th Mississippi regiment, if we may judge by the percentage of loss incurred by each. ' ' I wish now to call your attention to a few of the battles of tbe west which are fearful in lnortaility, and show the couurage of the men engaged in them, whose conduct challenges human ad miration, and gives them highest rank among the world's heroes. Having mentioned Shiloh, I pass to Chick amauga, where, in the month of September, 1 863, forty thousand con federates were meat by fifty thousand federals in deadly coniflct. Sixteen thousand federals and eleven thousand confedreates attest the determination of both. No fiercre fight had been witnessed ont his continent. On these two days, assistance was out of the question. No reserves were to be had, and every man was at his post. Some of the men who had won dis tinction on many fields in Virginia were to charge the enemy side by side with the men who had valiantly fought at Fishing Creek, Corinth, Shiloh, and Stone River. These Virginia veterans soon learned that the army of Tennessee were their equals. In this bloody battle the army of Tennessee lost none of their daring courage as com j arid with the men who at Sharpsburg, Manassas and Seven Pines nad written in the great book of fame the story of confederate heroism. On the 8th day of October 1862, Gen. Bragg with 15.000 confederates,' con fronted Gen. Buell with 28.000 federals at Perryville Kentucky. The confederates being elated at the forward movement through Tennessee and into teh blue grass state, felt con fident of victory, and when the order to assault the enemy came, it met with the heartiest respi nse. The battle was begun at 2 o'clock in the eventing and bythe8haJe of n j g htcam8 on 34.00 confederates and 4400 federals killed , , . _ °Ver* and Trimmings at K. & B. Sontheimer's. and wounded, show how terribly ear nest were the men engaged. Those who witnessed Shiloh and many other hotly contestsd fields declare that for numbers engaged, Peryyville was the most dreadful they had ever seen, hut it reemained for Frank lin, Tennessee, to cover with glory unfading as time the army of Ten nessee. Poetry and song alike mag nify the assault of Pickett at Gettys burg as being paraded only by the charge of the old guard at Waterloo, and as being the bloodiest of the age. Pickett's loss w*as 21 per cent, while the loss at Franklin reached the enor mous percentage of 33. Thirteen regi mental commanders were killed, 32 wounded and nine captured. Of the brigadier generals, 4 in one division, 3 were killed and the other captured, and the major general so severely wounded that the day after the battle, his division was commanded by colonel. In proportion to the numbers, the battle of Franklin was the bloodiest of modern times, and it was a sad fate in a noble response to the call of duty, for the army of Tennessee to meet with practical annihilation. Of the 70 rigements in the Confed erate service holding the highest per cent of loss jn a single battle the west lias to its credit 17 of these at Chic amauga alone. Of the 18 brigaues suffering the greatest loss in a single battle Cliicaruagua had 4 and Getties burg had 4, and it is said that the west is entitled to a majoriy of all so far reported. And now, comrades, in conclusion, the reverberating peals of the thunder ing artillery in the seven days around Richmond, proclaiuing the severest trials that men could endure, are answered by tlie clash of resounding arms from Missionary Ridge to, and around Atlanta. When the east speaks with pride of the glory won at Gettys burg, the west answers, here is Chic amauga. As the east catching the echoes of heroism that rise from the hills of Sharpsburg, tbe west answers with consciousness of duty well done, and points to the blood stained field of Shiloh. When the east lifts to view the glory head of Malvern Hill.and when second Manassas and Fredieksburg are men tioned, the west answers back with the requium of its stain and the heriosm of its deeds at Franklin, Stone River, Corinth, Iuka, Vicksburg and Port Hudson. And from the regions be yond the great Mississippi comes tin refrain of the fearless deeds of our comrades who dared and did all that human could do. And the world listens with wonder and admiration, as from all sections of our sunny south conies the same story of illustrious courage, patriotism and unselfish consecration to the cause of truth, right and justice. T. W. SMITH, Holmes County Camp No. 398, Lsxington, Miss. Fonvi lie's Voice. Friends and neighbors, one and all, List to Fowville's photo call; Do not doubt his purpose true, This invite is to all of you. Haste kind friend, make no delay, For time and tide, will not stay; Bring the baby don't wait to dress; Finery in pictures is useless. Bring your sweetheart, fond and true, Let tier show how she loves you; Bring your mother, near and dear; Socn her voice you may not hear. Bring your sire, tho' old he be, Ah, soon his face you may not see; Bid your neighbors one and all, List to Fonville's photo call. Hurry,—when he is gone you can't say, Alas, alas, for my delay; I have no picture of baby dear, And Fonville's voice, I no longer hear. Beautiful line of Laces, All ■ Good Nature, Spreads HI Mr. E. E. Brown and son, Yard., passed this way on their way to Owens Wells on a business trip, on Thursday last. i ne oiu man ana Mrs. jn inety made a short visit to Cypress on Th day to see our dear boy, J. P., who is quite sick. Mr. S. N. Sample was out on his Cypress places Tuesday, looking at the crops. Mr. S. has the finest show for a crop that he ever had. Mr. G. W. Roberts, that sterling, Christian gentleman of Yazoo, paid the home of Mrs. H. E. Rogers a most welcome visit on Friday. A nice shower on Friday was in good time and scuffled to enliven things generally. Cro|is are pretty generally laid by now and public dinners seem to be the order of the day with the darkies. Mr. A. B. Rogers attended the pic nic at Macedonia church on Wednes day of last week and reports a nice time. We are sorry to have to state that Mr. J.V. Spell,Sr., is gradually grow ing weaker, seemingly better at times, but only temporarily. Messrs. A.B. and G. C. Rogers were welcome visitors at our home on Fri day evening. Miss Alice Porter with her brother, Charlie, came up from Pickens Friday on a visit to relatives, staying over until Monday morning. Come again, A. and C., you are always welcome. Alice has just returned from a visit to the coast, and reports a splendid time. A terrible rain and wind storm on Sunday did an immense amount of damage to crops; corn being torn down and seriously damaged, while cotton being badly blown about will, we think, right itself with a few days sun. Mr. 8. N. Sample went over to his Cypress places on Monday evening, and tells this scribe that the wind and rain did him no damage to amount to lything. Mr. J. A. Salley, one of the Cypress sterling citzens, was in the city of Ebenezer Monday morning on business. Captain W. H. Faulconer, the capable, courteous and accommodating manager of the E. G. Co's up-to-date plant, has overhauled his machinery and is ready for the cotton. J. Preston Rogers— our J.P.—tells us that he is ready for the cotton to roll in, but the dear boy has lieen quite sick for some time; glad to state he is up at present. Mr. C. J. Spell tells us that his father, Mr. J. V. S., Sr., is seemingly a ilttle better. Mr. H. T. Eggleston's wife and two little follows are visiting the family of Mr. and Mrs. S. N. Sample, Mr. E. doing a little writing in the insurance line, also, combining business with pleasure. Trent is clean and honorable in his dealings aiul makes customers us well as friends wherever he goes. While we have not had the pleasure of meeting Mrs. E this trip, we remem her her as a bride some years since when she with Trent visited the Cy press gins, and by her sweet, winsome ways, making friends of the whole crew in less than an hour. Success to you on your own account as well as that of your lovely lady. Mrs. S. N. Sample has also as guests this week Misses Ethel and Mary Read Payne of Home Park, Miss., nieces of Mrs. S. Mr. S. N. Sample, accompanied by son Walter, will go over to Castulian Springs on Tuesday morning's train, where they will remain a few days for Walter to recuperate a little, when they will go to Stafford's Springs for two or three weeks for Mr. Sample's health. LEST YOU FORGET! A) INSURANCE 4. 4) m < 4 ; Is our business. We exert all means in our power to make our business dealings satisfactory and profitable to our clients. We advise to their in terests even when at a sacrifice of our profits, getting our reward in a large number and better satisfied list of friends and customers—andjprestige. INSURANCE OF EVERY KNOWN DESCRIPTION # (♦) <♦> (4 <♦> <4> (♦) (♦) 4) 4) 4) Fire, Life, Accident, Health, Employer's Liability, Tornado * <*> PINKERTON Insurance Agency C ( 4 ) (4 o. Phone No. 1M. Second Floor at Cot We wish him a pleasant and lfl| trip. Mr. S. has (teen a kind an3| friend to this scrioe and his fr ship is duly appreciated. Mr. Paul Thomas, our deep 1 man, is drilling a well at present Mr. Will Thomas in East Ebene Old man Paul has a nice machine is getting the run of it nicely. f Mrs. Mary Thomas and two dan ters, Misses Mary and Nora, vis Mrs. Will Thomas Monday eve as also Mrs. Pennie Faulcoper, Thomas. There was quite a crowd out at among whoi C., A. Q., an - 4 -. well Monday evening, were the old man, C. A. B. and Tom Turner, all of wbaty were much interested in the nmnipukBS tions of the machinery by old maid Paul. Capt. Faulconer informs us that protracted meeting at the Ebenezer!*' Baptist church will commence on the second Sunday in August. We are sorry to learn that Hughes Sample has decided to cast his lot with the good people of Lexington in the near future. Hughes has been cour teous and accommodating to all alike, and we think we will voice the general sentiment when we say we are all sorry to see him go. A young man who makes a practice of being gentlemanly and obliging to everybody, especially elderly people, will never lack for friends. Some young people we know would do well to take lessons from ughes in this particular. We welcome the two new correspon dents of last week. That's right, friends, send in the news to The Times. Come along, come along, make no de lay; come from every place; come from every way. Come along, and don't be alarmed, for The Times is big enough and will give you all a show. Dutchie, what's the matter with our little Cypress lassie? We can't excuse you, so come up to time. Mrs. Ninety-oix requests us to thank Hayseed and Mis. Ragde, for recipes for preserving cucumbers for pickles; and says she wilt try both methods. And that reminds us that if you want everybody to know anything just write to The Times, and if you want to find out anything just ask the readers of The Times. You will get your in formation at once and to the point. Mrs. Nintev Six says tell Hayseed that4o raise cucumbers successfully have the ground prepared thoroughly in the spring ; when the young plants are up commence to work them, keep the ground loose and moist &ound the roots, never allowing it to beome hard, (we use a plow until vines get too large, then hoe) and she will always have plenty of cucumbers. And now, Hayseed we thought you were a friend of ours. We know you will not tell off on us, but for goodness sake,don't put the old Jady up to send ing some of the children to town with us; don't do it! we just "hacherly" don't mad 'em, and she does. We'll look for your contributions to our paper, as we assure you they are very much prized lxith by the management and the army of readers. Can't think of excusing you. We saw one of those boys away over — well, ask him where, the other day. With kindest regards to The Times contributors and best wishes for the paper itself. a NINETY SIX. Messrs S. M. Smith, H. H, Elmore, G. W. Stigler. J. S. Watson, W. W. Wilburn and Judge J. S. Lipsey went to Cruger Tuesday to attend justice court there.