JOHN C. PICKENS, County Treasurer.
\ Mr. Pickens was born February ll>. 184?, two miles west of where
the tow n of West is now located. He married Miss Carrie Wilson Feb
\ runry 18, 18(i?. For a number of years lie did a large mercantile busi
m.> at West, since which time he has filled the responsible position of
cashier of the Hank of Holme* County. The beginning of this year he
announced himself a candidate for County Treasurer and was nominated
over four popular competitors at the first primary election. He was ed
ucated first in our public schools, then at the University of Mississippi,
and graduated at Doibear's Commercial College, in New Orleans. He
will take possession of the otfice of County Treasurer the first Monday in
SENATOR HERBERT H. ELMORE.
Senator Elmore was elected over two popular competitors, men of
political experience, in this, his first political venture. He is 28 years old,
was reared in the Aeona neighborhood, graduated from Starkville, and
afterwards with first honor in the law class of Vanderbilt University. His
father, Mr. I'. M. Elmore, is mayor of Durant.
Senator Elmore has bam practicing law about four years. He is
a member of the law firm of Noel, Pepper & Elmore. He is of exemplary
habits, clear and acute ntind, and tireless industry and he will eotne to
the very front in the senate and in the legal profession. Our county will
be ably represented, and his influence, as he becomes more widely known,
\iill constantly extend. He takes the place vacated by his senior partner,
Hon. K. F. Xoel.
HUMAN ILLS DUE TO SOAP.
Writer in London Times Starts an
A short letter printed in the London
Times this week stands out among
such all-absorbing topics as the possi
bilities of war in the near or far East,
the fiscal question and other matters
of grave Interest. The writer of this
letter refers to the announcement that
a royal commission is about to be ap
pointed to investigate the physical de
terioration of the English people.
He proceeds to declare the convic
tton that this deterioration is due to
tbe excessive use of soap, which re
moves the natural oil given by the Al
mighty to protect the body, and thus
exposes it to rheumatism, chills, dis
ease and dirt. The writer boasts that
he has not used soap for thirty years,
while ail the time he was doing the
hardest kind of work at sea, and yet
he never had a twinge of rheumatism
or any other ailment.
The appearance of this letter was
/ the signal for a general press inves
tigation Into the philosophy of soap.
Physicians, dermatologists, complex
ion specialists and even recruiting
1/ sergeants have been interviewed on
P . the subject, with the result that soap
comes forth victorious and is declared
| to be an absolute necessity of life un
der modern conditions. The lancet
admits that soap is not calculated to
make the skin supple, because it re
moves the natural oil, bqt cold cream
is a remedy for this.
"Nevertheless." says the Lancet,
"not a few people manage to maintain
personal cleanliness without the use
of soap at all."
Lo, the Rich Indian.
According to E. M. Sweet, in The
World Today, the richest people in
the world are the Osage Indians of
Every member of the tribe has a
balance of $4,644, deposited in the saf
est place on earth, in the vaults of
Uncle Sam's big bank at Washington,
drawing 5 per cent, interest. In ad
dition to this they have each 857 acres
of land, about one-fifth of which is in
a good state of cultivation and is
worth from $10 to $30 an acre. Of
the total remainder 886,000 acres is
leased for pusturage, mostly to Texas
cattlemen, at an average rental that
gives the land a value of $5 an acre
to the Indian. But averaging up the
whole at the low valuation of $8 an
acre, and this does not take into con
sideration the oil, natural gas and
coal to be found throughout that re
gion, nor the leap In values that must
follow the several lines of railway
now being constructed through the
reservation, the land holdings of each
Osage are easily worth $6,856. That
is to say, a very conservative state
ment of the wealth of these people
must place it at not less than $11,500
for every man, woman and child of
LOST IN AN OLD WORKING.
Missouri Miner Nearly Meets Death
in an Abandoned Mine—Is a
Maniac W hen Found.
For five days recently Tom Morrow,
a miner of Joplin. Mo., was lost in some
disused chambers of an abandoned mine.
He was crazy when he found his way
out and bis black bair bad turned gray.
Morrow is a miner with eccentricities,
and a month ago be told his wife he be
lieved he could go under the city of Jop
lin by following the drifts of abandoned
shafts. She thought it a wild dream of
his and paid no attention, but when he
disappeared with the family lantern she
knew that he was carrying out the idea
suggested some time before. When he
had been absent a day or two she be
came alarmed and his friends were in
formed of his disappearance. They were
not anxious to enter the nndergroud
path themselves and took no steps to
find him. but awaited for his return.
Though a maniac when found, Mor
row's reason is returning, and he has
some recollectioon of what occurred. It
seems that during the early part of his
Journey he suddenly came upon a body
of men working. They did not see him
and he beat a retreat. At another time
he came to a shaft that descended from
the drift in which he was walking. Al
though he was already many feet be
neath the surface of the earth he de
scended still further Into the ground.
It was after going down into these
deep drifts that he completely lost his
bearings. In vain he searched for the
shaft through which he had entered the
deep passageways. He failed to find an
outlet to any of the drifts. Ail of them
ended abruptly in walls of dirt and stone.
How he ever escaped from this under-'
ground tomb he does not remember. It
was while in these passageways that his
lantern failed him. For four days he
told time by striking matches and hold
ing them near the face of his watch.
Then the matches gave out and he lost
all reckoning of time.
It baffles his wife and friends to know
how he effected his escape from the un
derground prison. They think that per
haps after he had became deranged an in
stinct came to him which directed him
in the right course.
Morrow thinks that he covered a dis
tance of many miles. He came out of
the cave a mile from the opening through
which he entered.
GOES TO HEAVEN IN TRANCE.
Mich f aan (ilrl
ilth Departed Spirits
I 11 Paradise.
Mary A. Kidder, of Kalamazoo, Mich.,
has been going into trances for some
time recently. She professes to have
visited Heaven and to have conversed
with departed spirits. She has told per
sons with whom she is not acquainted
about seeing dead relatives whom she
did not know and some who have never
been in Kalamazoo.
Mary described Heaven graphically.
'The trance just strikes me suddenly,"
she says. "I lose control of my body
and seem to be carried up, up, up, to
an almost unimaginable height. The
air seems soft and fans my face. 1 liy
through clouds and then suddenly know
1 am in Heaven. About me stretches a
great country, but there are no houses
or streets. Beautiful white-robed an
gels are singing and talking and sailing
through the air. 1 am flashed through
two immense white pearly gates, and
then the beauty of the whole place is
"Colors of every description are seen
and the most beautiful music is heard
on every side. I, seem to know all the
people there and they come to me and
''A spirit told me that when I died I
would be free to move just as they do. I
cannot understand how angels go
through air. They have no wings,
neither do they walk."
TELEPHONE WITHOUT WIRES.
California Boy Electrician Si
In $en<llnK >1 cnmhk<'m h DiMtunce
Francis J. McCarthy, a 15-year-old
electrician of San Francisco, Cal., has
invented a wireless telephone by which
he has already transmitted messages a
distance of four miles.
McCarthy erected a mast 30 feet high
on the roof of his home and ran a wire
10 a receiving station he had established
on the porch. Out at Twin peaks, a dis
tance of four miles from his residence,
he erected a transmitting station sim
ilar to the receiving station. When all
was in readiness young McCarthy left
his father and broiher Ignatius with
full instructions as to the code in
charge of transmission of the message.
McCarthy. Sr., was waiting at the trans
mitter on Twin peaks when his younger
son slipped and nearly fell on the steep
"Ignatius, look out. you'll fall!" cried
the father. An answer came as if from
nowhere* "Why, father what is the
matter with Ignatius?" It was a wire
less message from Francis. The in
vention has continued to work perfectly.
Mnxlinlte for 4'ooklniz.
Hudson Maxim, the inventor of the
high explosive, maximitc, can cook
eggs or broil a steak, says Science Sift
ings, over the flame of his burning ex
plosive, an equal quantity of which
would wreck a battleship,
scribed how Mr. Maxim, by way of illus
tration, dropped some lumps of maxlm
lte into a frying pan, and while it was
burning, with a bright green flame,
fried eggs in another pan over the heat
generated by it.
It is de
Hlaalnir Should Be Barred.
in the beauty contest at New York
women are to judge of the physical
charms of the male contestants says the
Chicago Record-Herald. Let 11 s hope
that hissing of the judges may be barred.
"Would you still want me to be
your wife if my father was a poor
man?" asked the beautiful heiress.
"Yes," the duke replied, after a little
pause; "in that case I would be
enough of a curiosity to get rich ex
hibiting myself."—Chicago Record
De Style—Why didn't she believe
him when he told her he loved her?
Qusbusta—Why, he used to write
the predictions for a weather bureau.
—New York Sun.
R. C McBEE, Mayor.
Mr. It. ('. Mr Bee, Mayor of Lex
ington, was born in Holmes County
and educated in her public school
until ho entered Sewanec, where lv:
remained one year, and then en
tered the Law School at the I'nr
versitv of Mississippi. and graduated
at law. He has served as chairman
of the Democratic County Execu
tive Committee and is a memlier of
-T'" 5 ' : "• A
the Executive Committee of the
Fifth Judicial District, and was
elected Mayor over two popular
competitors, December 12, 1003. He
is a son of Mr. Jno. II. McKee, the
most popular man that ever held the
office of Circuit Clerk in this conn
H. S. HOOKER, JR.
Mr. II. S. Hooker, Jr., elected to
the Legislature at the November
election, was born in Lexington,
December 23, 18?S. He was edu
cated in our public schools, and at
the University of Mississippi he
graduated in law.
Mayor, April, 1902, and was a mcm
of tlie Congressional Executive
Committee. He is a son of Col. II.
S. Hooker, who has represented this
county in the Senate and Legisla
ture, and has been for years a lead
ing attorney in the. State,
married to Miss Willie Baldwin of
Canton December Hi, 1903.
lie was elected
H. E. BUCK, Supervisor.
Mr. Buck was elected Supervisor
to fill out the unexpired term of
('apt. H. 11. Wynne in April of
1902. Was re-elected Supervisor at
the recent primary. Mr. Buck is
one of Holmes county's most prom
inent citizens. He is a large land
owner in Beat No. 5. He is named
as the probable president of the new
T. G. STEPHENSON, Supervisor.
Thomas (!. Stephenson, the sub
of this sketch, was horn in
Pickens county, Alabama, in 1860,
where he lived until I8?4, when hi:
people moved to Attala county, this
State, lie came into this county in
188?, soon afterwards married, and
lias lived here continuously since.
Mr. Stephenson was elected a mem
ber of the Board of Supervisors from
the Lexington district, and lie will
make a conscientious and efficient'
working member of that important
. W. a RED
Is a naive of t]iis county. He is
descended from an old, prominent
Southern family of South Carolina,
who moved into this county with its
early settlers. His people were
Democrats from time immemorial,
and were influential in that party's
councils. Mr. Red has held the of
fice of County Assessor, one term of
four years, and was re-elected to a
second term, upon which he will en
ter next Monday, January 4. 1904.
Having made a good officer during
his first term, reinforced by experi
ence of four years' duty in office, he
will make a better one.
MAY BE OIL IN NEBRASKA.
A (Jeolonteal Diirotrry Which !<rrai
to Indicate That the Product
>1m> llr Found There.
Nebraska may enter tbe list of oil
and gas producing Btates. This possi
bility was d.scussed recently in a re
port of tbe investigations made by N.
ri. Darlon, a government geologist, who
has been at worn in tbe state lor six
Mr. Darton has discovered a wrinkle
in the earth extending from Kdgemont,
S. D., across western Nebras-.a to Nor
ton, Kan. This wrinkle, technically
known as an anticline, consists of an
uplitt or arch In the geological struc
ture of the plains, and almost invar
iably indicates the presence, at soma
depth, of oil and gas.
He is of opinion that the find will
prove of great economic importance.
The incline is 250 miles long and from
two to six miles wide.
Its cause is
ascribed to a shrinkage of the earth's
crust. The oil, being light, is known
to rise and if the pocket in the earth is
rightly formed it will catch and hold
All that is necessary Is to tap the
The arch, however,
crust and get it.
may exist without there being oil. Local
capitalists have engaged E. H. Barbour,
geologist at the State university,
make practical tests at points to be
chosen by him, if he believes, after an
examination, that there is a possibility
of finding either.
The country in which (he anticline has
been found is thinly populated, being
for l he most part given over to stick
grazing. The surface waters are in
adequate and uncertain and the home
steaders have fought shy of it. A great
part of the plains region is known to he
underlain with water bearing gravels
at no very great depths, and by utilizing
the cheap fuel which the gas would fur
nish, vast areas of this region could he
reclaimed by irrigating from pumping.
A detailed report is promised in a few
FOR COUNTRY SCHOOLS.
Proposed FiikHmIi Scheme for Fduca*
tlon of ('It)* Children— VIoald Key
olutioniiee I'rciteiit S> hi
Quite a revolution in the educational
system of England is proposed by a
scheme which, it is stated, will, on the
suggestion of the earl of Meath, be sub
mitted to the London educational au
The scheme is that the system in
vogue among the upper classes should
be made general, and that all children
at present educated in *he large towns
should migrate to the country for ten
months of the year, returning for their
holiday to their homes amid the smoke
It is said that the scheme would have
a beneficial effect upon the health,
physique and morals of town children,
and it is stated that the duke of Devon
shire has expressed his hope that it will
succeed, although he does not think it
is practicable at present.
I'nder the new proposal it is suggest
ed that parents would only be called
upon to pay for the cost of their chil
dren's food, the rest of the expenditure
being provided for by the sale of school
property now occupying valuable sites
in large towns and by utilizing the labor
of the children In the laundry and in
light farming and gardening operations,
as Is done at the industrial schools.
At the Red House school, Marston
Moor. Yorkshire—a school meant for
the children of well-to-do parents—
farming has been started with great
success, a cow, three pigs, four ducks
and 47 fowls having been purchased,
with the idea of giving the pupils
In addition to the daily routine of
feeding, milking, and cleaning, the
draining, whitewashing, painting and
fitting up of jhe sheds has been partly
done by the boys, who take a great pride
in their tasks,
WOMEN MUSTN'T BLUSH.
Conrae nt nn DnulUU School of Art to
Dare Mi.viicnn—S aid t<
a Form of ('<
Shyness is not generally regarded as a
prominent characteristic of the modern
woman, but the distressing malady is,
apparently, sufficiently prevalent, for It
is to be seriously taken in hand at the
Jopling School of Art at Earl's Court,
England. There, during the coming
season, bashful women are Invited to
come and be cured by Miss Elsa
Desterre. One meeting has already been
held, and the roseate blushes which suf
fused the cheeks of bashful blondes and
brunettes rivaled nature's finest efforts
in the shape of a tropical sunset. Never,
it is said, has a murky afternoon of Ixm
don in the autumn been relieved by such
a. warm, glowing piece of color.
The lecturer at this meeting did not
spare her quailing hearers as she told
them that shyness was merely a form of
conceit, the result of believing them
selves greater than they really are. The
cure is to b? effected by means of a series
of debates, in the course of which the
lisease will be considered in all its
aspects. The shyest women will take
the chair in turn. Papers will be read
by the shyest and will be replied to by
the next in order of shyness. After a
course of this treatment under Miss
Desterre's unblushing guardianship it is
■onfidently expected that a blush will
never again be seen in a London draw
ing-room save on a masculine cheek.
Agrltntlon fnr Smoklnfc Car*.
Smoking cars on the metropolitan
underground in Paris is the heated
question, and the opposition party,
which Is strong, is making itself heard.
Oefpite the fact that Prefect Lepine fa
vors smoking cars, the Conseil
i'Hygiene de la Seine has declared itself
ipposed to the Innovation and asked the
arefect of the Seine to prevent its adop
DOINGS OF TWO ROMANS.
One Refuted a Farm, the Other Want
ed His Worked.
Manius, the conqueror of Pyrrhus,
refused the thirty acres of laud of
fered him by the people in gratitude
for his great services, deeming such
liberality unnecessary and excessive.
Regulus, while in command of the
army In Africa, wrote to the senate
asking for his recall, on the ground
that the manager of his five-acre farm
was dead; that the hired man had run
away, carrying the farming tools with
him, aud that unless his farm was cul
tivated he would be unable to support
his wife and children.
HON. S. M. SAMPLE, Representative.
Mr. Sample, as one of our eountv Representatives, was easily elected
He is a native of Holmes county and
to the aeeond office he ever sought,
a son of Dr. Sample, who had a large estate five miles south of Lex
ington, where the childhood of this subject was spent. In his early years
Mr. Sample was a clerk in (ioodnmn. About twenty years ago, in con
nection with Dr. S. S. Carter, Mr. Sample commenced merchandising in
Being eminently practical and of fine executive ability, all
of his business undertakings proved successful. Cypress, the finest and
best improved hiN plantation in the eountv, is one of his belongings,
mercantile a fid planting interests are extensive and prosperous. Correct,
honorable, public spirited and loyal to his friends, Hon. B. X. Sample
is a model citizen.
I'runt 1891 to the close of 1895, Mr. Sample was a member of the
Board of Supervisors front his district. During that time our courthouse
was tleslrnyed by fire, and the records, while not destroyed, were so badly
injured that they had to he copied. The building and furnishing of the
new i eurthou.se and cost of copying the records amounted lo over $30,000,
and it was largely due to his fine management that during thy'? years
no extm tax burden was imposed on our people. The tax during the re
building of the courthouse, its furnishing and copying of records, never
101/4 mills. Mr. Sample will make one of the most practical and
business members of the incoming Legislature.
W. H. SMITH, Superintendent of Education,
deeted County Superintendent of Education and will enter on the
duties of the office next Monday, January 4, 1904. Mr. Smith has lieen
engaged in teaching at Durant for a number of years, and is recognized
$ - *
*•< • 1 -.
.. $ j "-I
i ** Vi
He is a gentleman of ability and
leading educator in Mississippi,
of a line moral character and will till the office with credit to himself and
satisfaction to the people.
A Curious Anecdote of a Famous New
The following anecdote was sent to
the World's Sunday Magazine by a
correspondent at Lyon's, N. Y.:
A young and afterwards distin
guished attorney, from an up-country
district in the State of New York, was
arguing some years ago his first ap
peal in the old general term of the
Supreme Court. He had been in many
legal scrimmages in the justices'
court, at home, but had never before
stood in the awesome presence of five
sedate and learned judges of the Su
preme Court, in general term assem
His embarrassment was great. He
repeated himself so often and stam
mered so painfully that it was quite
evident he must Boon be routed by his
own confusion unless something
should occur to break the spell. Fi
nally, just as he was floundering the
deepest in a chaotic jumble of lan
guage and ideas, the presiding judge
interrupted with the following sugges
"Mr. Smithers, I believe it will be
a great relief to yourself and also to
the court if you will address us in the
same 'free and informal way that you
doubtless use in addressing your local
justice of the peace."
"Very well, your honor," replied
Smithers, "I will say then that while
I am busy alleviating your honor's
dense ignorance of the law, I wish you
would keep your derned mouth Bhut!"
Presence of Mind.
Senator Dubois, of Idaho, when
practicing law in Boise City, was
sternly reprimanded by a local judge
because of alleged contempt of court,
and was fined $50.
The next day, according to a cus
tom followed in the Idaho courts, the
judge called upon Mr. Dubois to occu
py the bench for him during the trans
action of some comparatively unim
portant business. After the judge's
departure from the court room Mr.
Dubois exhibited an Instance of that
remarkable presence of mind for
which he has ever been noted. The
future senator said to the clerk of the
"Turning to the record of this court
for yesterday, Mr. Clerk, you will ob
serve recorded a fine of $50 against
one Frederick T. Dubois. You will
kindly make a note to the effect that
such fine has been remitted by order
of the court."—Saturday Evening
Still Make Rods of Snake*.
In a recent volume on the snakes of
Egypt, Hlppolyte Boussac states that
the trick referrred to in the Scriptures
of changing a snake into a rod is still
practiced by the snake charmers.
They touch the snake at a certain
place in the neck, when it falls into
a cataleptic condition and becomes
straight and stiff. It is then restored
to its former condition by taking its
tail between the hands and firmly
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