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The progress-advertiser. (Lexington, Miss.) 1902-1903, December 31, 1903, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065338/1903-12-31/ed-1/seq-6/

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S OME facetious individual has de
fined New Year's day as "a time
when men make good resolutions
in the confidence of breaking them as
soon as possible." But he has much
to learn to his own profit who sneers
at good resolutions because some men
break them. To resolve to do right
does not mean necessarily that one
will keep the promise, hut such pur
pose, whether outwardly expressed or
Inwardly understood, is proof that the
individual is conscious of abiding sin
of some sort
It is the self-righteous individual
who is in danger. Good resolutions
are born of repentance; and repent
ance when genuine is a cardinal vir
tue. The self-righteous fellow does
boc resolve to do better because his
vanity tells him there is nothing
wrong in his makeup. He may go
along committing blunders every day
and doing no end of mischief. Such a
fellow is beyond redemption.
Ephraim of old, he is joined to his
idols and should he left alone.
Doubtless there are many thought
less and some insincere good resolves
made on New Year's day. Neverthe
less it is a good thing Jhat many
men do begin the new year with re
solves to strive after what is higher
and better. It is a marked and glori
fled improvement upon the custom
once so general but now, thank God,
obsolete, of men going from house to
house paying calls and guzzling wine
or stronger drink until before the
round was completed they were hope
lessly drunken.
It is a great deal better for a man
to resolve a hundred times and fail
in each resolve than to go along con
tented with his lot of sin and shame,
There is hope for a man just as long
as there abides in him desire for what
is better, it is well to enter into argu
ment with one's self only after due
deliberation, but a broken pledge to do
right is far better than no pledge
at all.
There is nothing strange in associa
tion of good re3oive3 with the dawn of
a new year. On the contrary, the oc
casion is one that suggests just such a
general practice. The old year has
ended. Its memories suggest "sins<
committed while conscience slept,
practices that degraded the moral man.
follies that brought shame and vices
that weakened body and brain. But
memory is not all. Body and mind tell
the sensible man that such practices
end in physical wreck and moral de
Ncw Year's Resolves
Vetter to Mike and Break Them
Than Not to Mike Them it All
inks
"
cay.
The year is new and clean. The run,
just risen, looks upon it for the first
time. Men of business close up their
pages for the year ended and begin
new and fresh ones for the new year
that has dawned. They figure out ac
curately their losses and their gains in
the old year, subtracting one from the
other.
As the merchant begins his year
anew, why may not the moral nature
of a mar. be renewed if (he memories
of the past year and the physical
shortcomings of the present suggest
the need of a striving after what is
higher and better?
That the practice has been abused
is no argument against its use. That
some men have made good resolutions
only to break them is not evidence
that reform is impossible. Striving
after what is right is Godlike. One
may raise his standard so high as not
to be able to attain it, but there la
virtue in every attempt to make bettor
one's life. Indeed one may find at the
closing of a long life that he has tried i
but to fail, and yet his very efforts to
do right will be counted to him for
righteousness.
The objection is, if it can be called
an objection, that men are too much
Influenced by special occasions for
special efforts. There is no more vi •
tue in New Year's Day than there is in
Ail Fool's Day.
Ishness to wait for any such time or
season for a starting period in right
living. The present is the time for
action, and one day is as good as an
other in the sight of God, as well as
of men.
But the man who has put off the day
of resolves to be good until the dawn
It would seem lool
■r
i
Ska
ms
Cfte Rev; Vcar's growing.
A
m
Bring fro
tl»o i.'laml.t
Ln
tropical m a tern «•]
s
tlivlu pi i
llkcfttflo
or the tflatl New Y
nows of' th'' Natl
>ir;
Pluck tor the I
i guest
iairest and Left,
iia blow,
Who rot
tl
J
VI
/*
The liloom of tho
Where i he on
litre bit*
Alai tiiu waters
To tlie s**a* of rii
With a Montf devoid ol
fr
Bear from the Northland'* bonarta* of pine.
From ihe crest of the loftiest peak,
• the *now* in the nunllcht shine,
i* with lightsome tread
L
(s
Will
A "tefttli that the i
Fertile New Y
»Y
In the
"1'iiintr cold andk'rav,
Old Yem nearly dead
e fringe of Ills wintry waj;
He hroujfht n* cheer.
IMd the old. Old Year.
And—Well, he ban had hi* day.
Pacing
Uy
V
Gather the wild, wild hlosmins fair
That ope In the olden Ko*t—
The hlonm that laugh*
For the New Year'* weh'<
A hardy roi
A hough fro
Where in tnelr i
Ami Inugh a
A rone
For the New Year'* brow.
Fresh ki ;.ed by the Winter'* flakes.
Over the pnth way of tho *Ut s
He conies to abide a year,
HJs -mile* of peace now nothing mars,
He brings us never a tear;
Hark to the wild bell* In the *ky
_ sic tad and low !
For the old. Old Year, just passing by,
Tho New Year waiteth so;
By the starlit gate*
In hi* robe* he waits,
With hi* *andal* in tlie *
the cold sea air,
itme feast;
*0 from the Pilgrims' land,
i the northern lake*.
Ip'll t the bftreclifl'H stand
the tide that breaks
Jl
and a hough
i iii.ii
im
|y
O bells, ring out for the welco
On land and over the yea!
And North ami South
Fling out your hannar* free;
Ha come* with *nille->and a sou* of mirth
And his I* a fca-t of cheer;
L«t every nation hail the birth
Of the winsome, glad New Year;
Let patatiH arise
To the winter -kies,
And all tho bells ring clearl
i guest
Kftst and West
*|\1
T.aBARBALQB.
I of the new year will strengthen him.
self and work righteousness by start
ing out clean with the year. He will
j only hurt himself by devoting too
| much time to resolving. What he
j most needs is to avoid the pitfalls and
| snares which formerly overcame him.
He has need to change resolves into
J action. It is his duty to retrospect
In order to know himself. Each con
quest of self is added strength for fu
| ture victories,
j Happy indeed is that New Year's for
j the man who, having resolved in its
dawn to do right, finds at its gloaming
that he has been true to his promises,
a
i
A
.H
'J
i
—fl
I
V
j
I /
j
j
|
j Deacon Goodie—Cheer up; my man;
j you'll be out on the first of the year,
j Jail Bird—Yes, but what can I do
j after being a thief and holdup man?
the coal business, or start a plumbing
shop,
i
i
j
WILLIAM ROSSER COBBB,
An y Man to Hia Wife.
For this brand-new yeaf #
I wish you. my dear,
Jus< the same old love
And the same old chetr.
—Detroit Free Press.
THERE IS HOPE FOR HIM.
■k
€>
rw
1
V
&
Deacon Goodie—Oh, you can go into
Hie Told Him.
Husband—One of your New Year's
would
resolutions was that you
quarrel with me for a year.
Wife—Yes.
not
"Well, you are snapping at me hall
the time already."
"Yes."
"I should just like to know what's
| become of your good resolutions."
"You would, eh? Well, I wanted
mother to see them, and so I inclosed
them in a letter to her, and gave it to
you to mail, and she writes me that
she never received it. That's what'*
become of them."—N. Y. Weekly.
the Other
It is easy to pick out for the purpos*
of having your neighbor swear off a list
of things as long as a sidewall:.—Chi
cago Daily Nows.
F.
Fellow.
go."
I.HMt Clinncf,
The turkey that 'soaped Christina*'
And! Thanksgiving slaughter, toow
t more hurdle yet to g»—
New Y T ear's is almost due.
—Houston Post.
Has
AT 11 :.*»!! P. M.
Ji
ii
§
///:
> .
mm
'i#' f
sjStej.
-SM' -
P
//
w
"One kiss," he begged, "before l
"Well, take it; but you cannot hats
another one this year."
And then the clock struck the New
Year.
MIGHT CHECK CRIME.
Sale of Firearms to Bs Controlled by
National Government.
1'oNtuiflKtcr Coyne, of fill.
Arm
tainly In Worth) of Serloua and
I in medial* Con Hide rat ion.
iko. Ad
it \\ lit eh Or
It used to be said that crime was at its
minimum during prosperous times, but
the records of the two years just passed
has upset this time-honored theory, in
all parts of the country, but more espe
cially in Chicago and other large cities,
murders and highway robberies, in
which the use of firearms has played a
conspicuous part, have multipled almost
beyond belief. Students of the problem
ascribe the increase in lawlessness to the
pernicious influence of slum life, hut as
many of the more youthful criminals
come from the so-called "lower middle
class," this theory cannot he accepted
without reserve.
Police authorities believe that the pur
chase and carrying of weapons by boys
and young men and the reading of sen
sational newspapers He at the bottom of
the evil, and the concurrence in these
views has led Mr. Frederick E. Coyne,
postmaster at Chicago, to reeommand
the control of the manufacture and sale
of deadly weapons by the national gov
ernment.
"Much space," writes Mr. Coyne, "has
been given in the columns of the papers
to the reckless disregard for human lives
as the result of the promiscuous sale
and use of firearms, particularly, the
magazine revolver.
"The thought has occurred to me that
there ought to be federal supervision
over the manufacture, importation and
sale of firearms of every kind and de
scription.
through its internal revenue laws, has
supervision over the manufacture and
cale of whisky, beer and cigars and all
manufactured tobaccos; it imposes a tax
on all wholesale and retail dealers of
rpirituous and malt liquors; and also
has stringent laws against the Importa
tion of opium.
"Without desiring to open discussion
as to the propriety or justice of the laws
referred to, I simply want to call atten
tion to the results and to show that the
laws of the federal government are more
respected and better enforced than those
The federal government,
FREDERICK E. COYNE.
(Postmaster of Chicago, Interested in Sup
pression ot Crime.)
of the city, county or state, and particu
larly those of large municipalities.
"What I advocate is this: that the
manufacture, importation and sale of all
firearms be placed under government
supervision, and that a suitable tax be
levied on same, sufficient, at least, to
cover the cost of such supervision. It
seems to me that a government which
can enforce a law against a citizen hav
ing in his possession a copper still or
worm, with which it is possible to distill
spirits, ought to pass and enforce a law
that will prohibit alt-year-old boy from
purchasing a magazine revolver, with
which he can depopulate a town if given
half a chance. There should he a law
requiring the impression of a govern
ment seal on each and every firearm
manufactured, and no one should be per
mitted to have in his or her possession
a firearm of any sort without having it
registered at the office of the internal
revenue collector of thedistrictin which
he resides. I do not believe that such a
law would entirely check the reign of
lawlessness which seems to prevail all
over onr country, but 1 do believe that
more boys go wrong and step from idle
ness to crime through the ownership of
a revolver than from any other cause.
There are laws now in different states
throughout the union requiring what is
equal to a license on shotguns and rifles,
but those laws are for the protection of
game. It would scent to me that it is
time for the government to pass a law
regulating the manufacture and owner
ship of firearms for the protection of hu
man live3."
BILL NYE'S GRAVE.
III
if (ireat llu:
betflecteri Couutr; (liurehyi
>r)Nt Kent iu
irri—
\\ um OnerouN (<
a Fault.
Alas, poor Yorick!
In a rural churchyard 13 miles from
Asheville, N. C., lies the grave of Edgar
Wilson Nye.
In the seven years that have passed
since his death, says the Kansas City
World, the mound of earth has almost
disappeared. Winter's blasts and sum
mer's tains have almost leveled the
earthen coverlet of the humorist. No
flowers grow in summer time. Briers
run riot over the spot and weeds grow
luxuriantly.
Why this neglect?
"Bill" Nye made a great (leal of money
ln the closing years of life, hut he was
open-handed. He could not resist an
appeal for help. He gave away almost
as fast as he received. The only money
he left his estate was his life insurance.
That money, was deposited in an Ashe
ville bank, which almost Immediately
failed. Mrs. Nye was compelled to keep
boarders to maintain the family. The
struggle grew too hard for her and she
returned to her western home. Before
she left she had placed In Calvary
church, In the cemetery of which Nye's
body rests, a memorial window.
Alas, poor Yorick!
Bill Nye's was a strange nature. He
was more than humorist. He was both
• poet and a philosopher. And beneath
the surface was the tenderness of a
woman. Those who knew him best
knew the rare sweetness of his soul.
"Of manners gentle, of affection mild:
In wit u man, la simplicity a child."
THE NAVY'S FAVORITE.
Comninnder I.urfen Volina Probably
la tlie Moat Popnlnr Man null
Officer In the Seri Ice.
Commander Lucien Young, U. 8. N.,
who has charge of the lighthouse service
on the great lakes, with headquarters in
Chicago, Is possibly the most popular
officer In the navy, and this is saying
much. They tell the story that when
Young was appointed to the naval acad
emy and was undergoing his prelimi
nary examination for entrance he spelled
Europe "Urope," a feat which made the
board of naval examiners laugh. One
of the members said, however: "Look
at the physique of that boy and don't let
a little thing like the dropping of an
"E" stand between him and a sailor's
life."
Young was admitted to the academy
and the government has been glad of it
rm
f
m
COMMANDER LUCIEN YOUNG.
(Naval Officer in Charge of Kighthouse
Service on the Lakes.)
ever since. When he was on his first
cruise in the Mediterranean he jumped
overboard from the yard arm into a
heavy sea and saved the life of a sailor
who had been washed from the deck.
Some years later when the U, S. S. Hu
ron was wrecked off Hatteras, Young
volunteered to attempt to carry a line
qshore. It was midnight and there was
a howling storm bowling down the
coast. The captain of the Huron told
Young there wasn't, one chance in a mil
lion that he could reach shore alive.
"I'm lucky," said Young. "I think I can
hit the one chance," and saying it ho
went overboard with a light line. He
was nearly dashed to pieces on the rocks,
but he succeeded in making his way
through the black night and the white
sea until he found a footing on the beach.
When he gained consciousness some
time afterward he learned that the line
he had brought ashore had been the
means of saving half the crew of tie
Huron.
CONFEDERATE GRAVES.
Senator Ft
iker of OhJi
to Erect Mnrlile lleuri
Mtonr* t)<
Sin
it Them.
Senator Foraker has introduced a bill
in the senate which has for its purpose
to carry out in part the wish expressed
by President McKinley when he made
his notable tour of the south the year
before he was assassinated. The Ohio
senator's measure provides "for the ap
propriate marking of the graves of the
soldiers and sailors of the confederate
arnut and navy." It authorizes the sec
retary of war to ascertain the locations
of all the graves of confederates who
died in federal prisons and military hos
pitals in the north, and to acquire pos
pm?
,y.
m
L? *
HON. JOSEPH B. FORAKER.
(Ohio Senalor Who Wants Graves ot Con
federates Marked.)
session of the ground where such sol
diers are buried.' A further provision Is
made that the United States shall erect
white marble headstones over the graves
of the confederate dead and shall care
for the burial grounds for all time.
Senator Foraker's bill carries with it
an appropriation of $100,000 for this pur
pose of doing reverence to the memory
of "him who was once mine enemy."
eil by Mi
Fire Island, a very valuable English
racehorse, has just given a most remark
able proof of the healing powers of
music. He lost his appetite and rel'useo
to train, a condition of affairs that drove
his trainer and jockeys to distraction.
Ail manner of remedies were resorted to
without avail till the happy idea occurred
to them to place a music box in his stay.
Twice a day a string of dances and "God
Save the King" regaled the equine ears.
The effect was marvelous. The horse re
gained his spirits, and the trainer and
jockey had no further trouble. Whether
the horse had any previous circus af
filiations to determine his musical taste
is not stated.
Horne In Cl
lie.
Haunted by Flock of (ifeie.
Twenty years ago an unsuspected
man in Lexington, Ind., stoic three
geese from a neighbor. The despoiled
farmer has just received five dollars
from n resident In Washington. D. C.,
confessing the theft, and thus making
financial renaralion.
for years he has been unable to sleep
well, as a flock of geese always haunt
ed his dreams, no matter where he
slept.
He states that
Hraaa Hnnd Kills a Male.
Some deadly music was discoursed by
a theatrical bras.-, hand ln Jackson, Mis
sissippi. To advertise the show, the band
paraded the streets. A mule stiffened
Its ears ns it heard the wails from the
brass band, dropped to the earth and
gave up the ghost The theatrical man
ager settled a claim made by tlie ownt t
ot the dead mule.
Through the kindness of Prof. J.
C. Hardy, president of the Agricul
tural and Mechanical College, we are
... , , ,. .. , , ' ...
permitted to publish his letter in re
ply to the interrogatory of the editor
of the Manufacturers' Record con
cerning the cotton production of the
South and the adaptability of this
section to a general diversification of
section to a general mversincauon oi
As Prof. Hardy s letter con
COTTON PRODUCTION.
MANUFACTURERS' DECORD IN
TERROGATES PROF. HARDY.
N.,
in
the
let
an
it
"IS THESE OASCER OF 1 DECREASE?'
The Alarm Over the Matter of a De
cline in the Production of the
Staple Crop of the South With
out Foundation.
crops.
tains much that should be of Interest
to the readers of this paper, we give
it below in full:
Agricultural and Mechanical College,
Starkvllle, Miss., Dec. i., *903.
Hon. Richard H. Edmonds, Baltimore,
Md.:
Dear Sir—In reply to yours of recent
date, asking for an expression of my
opinion as to whether the South can
largely increase It cotton production,
or whether there is danger of a per
manent decrease in cotton production
in the South, due to certain causes,
will say that in my judgment, the
South has -ie capacity to still further
diversify its agriculture and indus
tries, to raise every bushel of corn,
every pound of meat, and every work
animal needed in our section and at
the same time to more than double
its cotton production, in my opinion,
there is nothing in the contention
that there has been a deterioration
of the seed by reason of the best seed
being sold to oil mills. No one be
lieves more stronglyy than I do
in the possibilities of plant breed
ing and in the careful selection of
the seed. I was reared on a
than 25 per cent by the carefull selec
tion of seed from year to year. I be
lieve that the cotton production in the
South, under all the conditions that
now exist, could be increased 25 per
, ..
cent by a wise and careful selection
of seed for a series of five years
Many of our fanners appreciate the
importance of this class of work, and
more of them are now selecting their
seed than at any time in the history
of Southern agriculture. This work
is being emphasized more and more
each year by our agricultural colleges,
experiment stations and farmers' in
stitutes, and a radical improvement is
taking place, and will he felt immedi
ately in increased production. Were
the contention true that our seed have
deteriorated by reason of selling the
best, to the oil mills, this would not be
a permanent danger, as it would re
quire only a few years of careful se
lection to bring them back to the for
mer standard.
;
mer standard.
tie
That there has been a decline in
the fertility of our soil by reason of
bad cultivation under the tenantry sys
tem, there can be no doubt. This de
cline is not of recent origin, but has
been going on for years, even just as
rapidly under the slave and one-crop
system of agriculture, as under the
present tenantry system. I think all
close observers of rural conditions in
the South will agree with me, that this
decline is less rapid at this time than
at any period since the war. In other
words, a better system of agriculture
is now being practiced in this section
than at any lime since the war. More
peas, more vetch, more alfalfa, more
melilotus, more clovers, more of every
thing that tends to improve the soil
is now being planted than ever be
fore. More fertilizers and better fer
tilizers are being used each year, and
the indications are that the lowest
point of the decline has been reached,
and that from now on there will be a
steady improvement. I have great
confidence in the ability of
tho agricultural colleges and
experiment stations to solve every
problem that may arise in the field of
agriculture, and in tho capacity of the
farmers' institutes, to carry the solu
tion out to the people and to induce
them to apply the remedy. Whatever
decline in the fertility of the soil that
may have taken place, and it has been
great, yet this has been met and more
tiian compensated for by better meth
ods in the last few years In prepara
tion and cultivation.
The alarm that the decline in the
fertility of our soil offers a permanent
menace to cotton production in the
South is useless and without founda
tion, as may be seen from statistics
given In the Manufacturers' Record of
December 10. These statistics show
that, beginning with the year 1871-72,
the average yield per acre in the cot
ton belt the following ten years was
176.7 pounds of lint cotton; for the
next ten years 168.8 pounds per acre;
and that during the next ten years
ending with 1900-1901, the average
was 2)3.2 pounds per acre, an increase
of nearly 20 per cent during the past
ten years. This negatives the conten
tion t'-iat there is danger in a perma
nent decline in Southern cotton pro
duction.
While it is true that the industrial
development of the South has driven
many hands from the country to the
cities and to the railroads and levees,
yet there has been a compensation,
to a certain extent, In the large num
bers who have come in from the North
and Wert to supply the places thus
made vacant. Five different parties
from Illinois have been in my office
this week seeking information as to
our lands t.nd conditions, with a view
of casting (heir lots with us, believ
ing that this section is upon the eve
of the greatest prosperity in its his
tory. There U hardly a county in our
State that is not feeling tho stimulat
ing Influence of this Influx of popula
tion. These people, almost without
exception, are delighted with the re
ception given them, and will Induce
h til 1 others to come. With the coming
in of such citizens as this section is
now receiving, and with the going out
of many of our most trifling negroes,
the productive power of our people
will be greatly Increased. One of the
greatest losses the South has Is tho
low productive capacity of her colored
population. By Improving the intelli
gence, industry and skill of her farm
laborers, the South can double her
cotton production, with every other
condition remaining the same. To be
come convinced of this, one has only
to examine the statistics of the last
census which shows the following
facts: Lowndes county with three
negroes to one white man, hav
ing 21,972 blacks and 7,1Z1
whites, requires 3.15 acres to
make a bale of cotton, while Jones
county with three whites to one negro,
having 13,156 whites and 4,670 blacks,
requires 1.98 acres to make a bale.
The fare# lands of Jones county are
valued as found in the census report
at $2.85 an acre, and the farm lands
of Lowndes county are valued at $9.38
bill
ap
the
Is
it
of
t
an acre. Yet the poor lands of Jones
county, under Intelligent cultivation,
produced nearly twice as much per
acre os the rich lands o*
Lowndes county, wnen culti
vated mostly by negroes. Nox
ubee county with more than five
blades to one white, having 26,146
blacks and 4,699 whites, requires 3.50
acres to make a bale of cotton, while
Union county, with three whites to
one black, having 12,380 whites and
4,142 blacks, requires only 2.66 acres
to make a bale. The farm lands of
Noxubee county are vulued at 97.12
J. per acre, and the lands of Union are
valued at $4.81. Hinds county, with
! three negroes to one white man, hav
Ing 39,621 blacks and 13,037 whites,
requlreB 2 50 acres to mako a bale _
while Perry county, with more than
two whites to one negro, requires only
1.96 acres to make a bale. The farm
lands of Hinds are valued at three
,lmes as much as are ,hose of Perry -
]n (he countles of j^flore, Bolivar and
Washington, where they have about
eight negroes to one white man, but
almost without exception the negroes
are under white managers, they make
one bale to every acre and a half:
while in Lowndes, Noxnbee and Mon
roe, where not many White managers
are employed, they make on an avera
age about one bale to three acres.
While this difference is partly caused
by a difference in the fertility of the
two groups of three counties, yet the
principal reason is due to the supe
rior Intelligence used in the manage
ment of the first group. This is
proven by the fact that In every com
parison made between a white county
and a black one, the black was the
most fertile, yet the white was nearly
twice as productive.
I claim, therefore, by improving the
character of our labor, we can greatly
increase the production of cotton in
the South. Should conditions demand
it, the South can greatly increase her
cotton production by reducing her
corn area, and depending, as she form
erly did, upon the North and West for
corn, mules and hogs,
should not he thought of, except to
meet certain conditions that might
arise at some time in the far distant
future. It is interesting to note that this
was one of the methods used by the
South from 1850 to 1890 (except dur
ing the war period when the markets
. of the world were closed) to increase
j ber production of cotton,
This course
In 1850, the
[ cotton area of the ten principal cotton
producing States was 6,764,030 acres,
while the area devoted to corn was
14,877,806 acre3. Beginning at this
time, there was a decided tendency
on the part of the Southern planters
to Increase the area in cotton at the
sacrifice of that in corn until 1889,
when the cotton area of these teu
States exceeded that of corn by 1,
145,567 acres. But under the intelli
gent leadership of the agricultural
colleges and experiment stations dur
ing the next ten years, stimulating
diversification, and the raising of
more and better live stock, the corn
area was greatly increased until in
1899 it exceeded that of cotton in
these ten States by 2,094,316 acres.
Should circumstances demand it, this
process can be reversed, as it was
in 1850.
a
The area of improved lands in the
United States is increasing at a more
rapid rate than the national popula
tion, even though the urban popula
tion is increasing more rapidly than
that of the agricultural districts.
The last census shows that had the
area of improved land increased at
no greater rate than the population,
it would have been 42,915,891 acres
leas than it actually is. This fact is
due to use of improved agricultural
machinery, by means of which, one
man in many instances is able to do
the work of from five to twenty. The
South has felt the influence and ef
fects of this machinery less than any
other section of the country. But un
der the teachings of the agricultural
colleges, the experiment stations, and
the farmers' institutes, this condition
is being rapidly changed, and it is
only a question now of a few years
when the cotton farmers will be using
as many improved agricultural imple
ments as any class of farmers in tho
land. With a few more improvements
that are sure to be made, the cotton
picker will be an entire success. Sev
eral pickers have been in operation
this season, and our Textile School
has demonstrated that the cotton mill
machinery has no trouble in removing
the extra trash gathered by the piclcer.
The cotton picking machine can rua
at night as well as in the day time,
which will enable the farmer to oper
ate a double force of hands and save
the great loss of cotton caused by uad
weather. With the improved disc
plows that are now being made, by
which one man and team can break
six acres a day, with the improved
cultivators by which one man can
do the work of three, und with the
cotton picking machine a practical
success, by which one man can pick
six bales a day, there in no limit to
our increase in the production of cot
ton, even though our industrial de
velopment along other lines calls for
a larger number of additional men
who are now doing agricultural work.
The South can increase and will
increase her cotton production not
only by more Intelligent selection of
seed, not only by improving the fer
tility of her soil by every scientific
and available method, not only by the
improvement of the intelligence and
skill of her laborers, not only by the
use of more and more of improved
agricultural machinery, but by tho
opening up of new lands to give em
ployment to thousands who are com
ing from other sections as well as to
our fast increasing population. To
realize the vast possibilities for ex
pansion along this line one has only
to examine the census report, which
shows that less than 50 per cent of tho
farm lands of the South are improved.
The report shows that is Mississippi
only 41.6 per cent of the farm land Is
improved, in North Carolina only 36.6
per cent, in South Carolina only 41.3
per cent, in Georgia only 40.2 per
cent, in Alabama only 41.8 per
cent, in Florida only 34.6 per
cent, in Louisiana only 42.2 per
cent, in Texas only 15.6 per cent, in
Arkansas only 41.8 per cent, and in
Tennessee only 50.4 per cent. By
opening up this undeveloped territory,
almost every acre of which is good
cotton land, tlie South's ability to
indefinitely expand her cotton produc
tion cannot be questioned, and, there
fore, the alarm about sufficient cot
ton supply in the future should ha
permanently dismissed. Respectfully,
J. C. HARDY,
President Mississippi A. and M. Col
lege. _
Not Negotiable.
"Which do you consider the more
desirable art, painting or poetry?"
"Painting," answered Mr. Cumrox,
without a moment's hesitation. "I
have heard of pictures being used as
collateral to a limited degree; but
there is no department of finance,
however humble, that provides for the
hypothecation of poetry."—Washing
ton Star.
OBEYED INSTRUCTIONS.
_
-
Photographer Planted Hl* Camera
Where Hr Waa Told To and v
There Waa Troablr.
The cilv editor aummoned the photog
rapher of his staff, relate* Youth's Com
panion. "Col. Weiligun'a house is burning,''
he said, "and I want a picture of the tire.
Get out there as quick as you can with
your camera und take a view of what'a left
of the building, from the inside of the fence
corner."
"But," said the photographer, "if— '
"That's the point I want it taken fr
right in the corner:"
"But I think there'
"1 don't care whether there's a better
point or not. You know what i want. Hurry
up! You are losing time."
The photographer took his camera and
departed. A few hours later he came in
with the proof of a picture he had taken
from the desirud l>oint of view.
"What is thiar' asked the city editor.
photograph of the ruin* of
Col. Welligau's house from the inside cor
ner of the fence, near the street."
"I can't see anything of the house."
"I can't, either," responded the photog
rapher. "I tried to tell you there was a big
tree standing between that corner and the
house, but you wouldn't let me."
"That is a
Mr. Grover's Case.
Frederika, la., Dec. 28— Mr. A. S. Grover
is now 74 years of age. For the last 30 years
he has suffered a great deal of sickness, and,
although he is a temperate man and never
used spirits of any kind, his kjdneya had
troubled him very much. He said:—
"I was told I had Diabetes, and my symp
toms corresponded exactly to those of a
young man who died of Diabetes in this
neighborhood. My feet and limbs were
bloated quite a little.
"I heard of Dodd's Kidney Pills, and at
last determined to try them. 1 took iu all
ten boxes before 1 was well, and now 1 can
truthfully say that 1 am all right. The
bloating is gone from my feet and legs.
I have gained eight pounds in weight, and
can sleep well at night, and every symptom
of my trouble is gone.
"It is some time now since I was cured,
and I have not had the slightest return oi
any symptom of the old trouble."
Not at Home.
Mr.*. Newrich had been describing her
trisit to Turkey.
Friend-Then, of course, y<
Dardanelles?
Mrs. Newrich—Why, no, we didn't. They
called, but we were out—Cleveland Plain
Dealer.
*aw the
For tSOe and Thin Notice
the John A. Salzer Seed Co., Lu Crosse
Wis., will send free
1 pkg. May 1st Carrot.
1 pkg. Earliest Green Eating Onion. ..10c.
1 pkg. Peep Of Day Tomato.
1 pkg. Halzer's Flash Light ltadish.. .10c.
1 pkg. Salzer's Long Quick, Quick Rad
ish .
1 pkg. Salzer's Queen of All Radish... 10c.
Above six rare novelties, the choicest
and finest of their kind, have a retail
value of 70c, but they are mailed to you
free, together with Salzer's big catalog,
well worth $100.00 to every wide-awake
gardener, all upon receipt of but 30o in
postage and this notice.* [K. L.J
....10c.
. lit I. .
10c
Cruel Rejoinder.
Cliolly Nimrod—Aw—and when is the rea
son 1 can't shoot?
Guide-Three hundred and sixty-five days
in the year.—X. Y. Sun
An English Earl
Opinion.
The English, next to the Americans, are
the greatest travelers in the world, and
while they as a rule insist upon having the
best there is to be obtained, they appreciate
good service and beautiful scenery. The
Earl of Shaftesbury, having, with his wife,
spent some little time in the United State,
during the summer, speaks most enthus
iastically in regard to what they have seen.
A few days ago he said to a gentleman iu
Buffalo:
"Our stay in New York was a delightful
one, and the picturesque grandeur along the
Hudson and its surroundings was a source
of much joy to us all.
"It has seldom been my good fortune to
pass the time in such excellent sport as that
furnished in your enchanting Adirondack
Mountains."—Albany Times-Union.
"That young man," .aid the visitor, "be
haves as if he knew more than yon do,"
"Naturally," replied tlie merchant. "Why
'naturally? " asked the visitor. "I am
merely hi. father."—Philadelphia Ledger.
Nothlnic More Dniiucroiin.
Than a neglected cough," is what
Dr. J. F. Hammond, professor iu tlie
Eclectic Medical College, says, "and
a preventative remedy and a
agent, 1 cheerfully recommend Taylor's
Cherokee Remedy of Sweet Gum anil
Mullein.
At druggists, 2oc., 50c., anil $1.00 a
bottle. _
Governess—"Oh, Kitty, you careless
child! There are not two r's in 'very.' Rub
one of them out." Kitty—"Ves. But
which one?"—Punch.
I'
•illative
Rheiiinntlam'a Killing I'nln
left in quick order after taking 10 doxes
of Dr. skirvin's Rheumatic Cure, in tab
let form. 25 doses for 25c, postpaid.
DR. SlvIRVIN CO., La Crosse, Wis. [k. l.J
Some men regulate their chivalry by the
quality of the clothes a woman nas on.—
% Y. l imes.
The doing of a duty sows the seed of A
delight.—Ram's Horn.
p ,
h?
fy
[\ Y
7 /
■Mrs. Fairbanks tells bowne-l
gleet of warning symptoms will
soon prostrate a woman. She
thinks woman's safeguard is
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable
Compound.
" Dear Mrs. Uixkiiam : — Ignorance
and neglect arc the oause of untold
female suffering, not only with the
laws of health but with the chance of a
cure. I did not heed the warnings of
headaches, organic pains, and general
weariness, until I was well nigh pros
trated. I knew I had to do something.
ivc
Compound faithfully, according to
directions, and was rewarded in a few
weeks to find that my aches and pains
disappeared, and I again felt the glow
of health through my body. Blnce I
have been well I have been more care
ful, I have also advised a number of
mv sick friends to take Lydia E.
Plnkham'B Vegetable Com
pound, and they have never had
reason to be sorry. Yours very truly,
Mbs. Mat Fairbanks, 210 South 7th
8t., Minneapolis, Minn." (Mrs. Fair
banks is ono of the most successful and
highest salaried travelling saleswomen
in the West.) — fSOOO forfeit If original of
about letter proving genuineness cannot be produced.
Mrs. Plnkham invites all sick
women to write her for ndvico.
She has guided thousands to
health. Address, Lynn, Mass.
I did the right thing. I took
E. Pinkham's Vegetable

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