Newspaper Page Text
To Attempt to Make
Soldiers of the Chinese Army of the Empire to Be Reorganized — What It Now Consists Of—Quaint Body of Soldiera. Two things serve to arouse at least a passing interest in thp military capacity ot China. First is the warlike situation in the east with Japan and Russia seem ingly drawing nearer each day to a con flict in which China will be vitally inter ested, and for which that empire must furnish the battle ground. Dispatches from the orient tell of China's depend ence upon Japan for the ousting of th< bear from Manchuria, and the preser vat ion of the empire. Under such condi tions China would naturally become an ally of Japan in the struggle for eastern supremacy. These things make our sec ond reason for evincing an Interest in military China of still greater Im portance than it otherwise would be. and this second reason is the expressed inten tion of the Chinese government to re organize and modernize its army. Even before Caleb Cushing carried President Tyler's letter to Peking and negotiated the first treaty with China in 1843. the possibilities of the mailed fist had become a bug-a-boo to the people of the western nations. So long as China slept there was no danger; but China was awakening, and what the awaken ing might bring, what ambitions the eastern giant might evince, were serious questions in both Europe and America. More than half a century has passed since Caleb Cushing negotiated our sv n ■afcjas a i]«7Ia--SS Dl_ J *~L. -Tj » w r m V, V l\ 111 ./• 4 A? i v--—: L Nf; " N*V>V ,, ji V f ' w TC K I CANDIDATES FOR OFFICE IN THE CHINESE ARMY. A stranger force was never mustered j under military banner than this of Gor- J first commercial treaty with China, and our first fears s^m no nearer realization than they were then. China is not yet fully awakened, and, as the Chinese em pire, may never be, but in the meantime the world has had some small experi ence w.th the giant. Jn a general way, the Chinese soldier is a nonenity so far as fighting qualities are concerned, though there have been exceptions to this general rule. During the Taiping rebellion, the greatest of the many civil wars China has known, the English Gen. Gordon proved that the coolies were not cowards when prop erly led. His "ever victorious" force of less than 10,000 men. put to route rebel armies len times its size. Gordon's force was officered by foreigners, and had a sprinkling of foreigners in its ranks, and it was the fearless example set by these men which made heroes of the coolies. f /■ (l I m I Hi ; S' I m ■ i J? < | jSy.ry Ifi l ■< r rT&lfrJ'. To in. 4 A CHINESE REGIMENT PRACTICING AT BATTLE EXERCISES. don, nor seldom a more heroic one. Soldiers ol fortune from practically every nation of Europe and America, men who were fighting merely for the adventure and pay the service promised, yet the power of one man not only made heroes of them, but heroes of the Chi nese coolies as well. It was an experi ment that proved possibilities under right conditions. Of capable military leaders China de veloped but few during the Taiping re bellion, or since that time. Of the few Gen. Ching, who served with Gordon, after his desertion from the rebel forces, was a notable character, and of great military ability. During the several petty foreign wars in which China was engaged down to the time of the out break of the war with Japan, no char acter of anything like equal ability was developed, nor did the more important conflict with Japan bring to the front a leader of such worth as to be classed with him. This lack of military leaders would seem to place China a* a non-mil itant power of whom the world need have no feats. It takes training to make perfection, and the training of the Chinese soldier 1 * the one great essential lacking. Through all its defeats administered alnce the days of the coming of the white man. the empire has never felt th* need Pair Widow. Mts. Bangs—So that pretty widow is really married so soon again, eh? Old Bangs—Yes. Mrs. Bangs- But her late husband's will expressly atipulated that If she took a second husband her legacy was to re vert to his most distant relative. Old Bangs—That's where she was foxy. She bunted up the relative and married him—TU-BU* , of remodeling its system of training, J In fact, the soldier in China is held more | in contempt than esteem. The men who are entrusted with the destinies of the [ army must prove their efficiency in the j sacred writings of Confucius rather than in the science of war. The officers of the army are drawn from those who suc cessfully pass the civil examination, the training for which is useless not only from the military standpoint, but the administration of civil duties as well, Aside from these examinations the only other test required is Intended to prove efficiency with bows and arrows, a relic of antiquity scarcely to be imagined outside the wilds of Africa. The rank and file of the army is recruited to a large extent from the criminal classes. Men whose offenses do not merit death are sentenced to serve in the army, either the imperial or the provincial forces. Even with sucha force it might be pos sible to accomplish something as has been shown by thj success of Gen. Gordon, were they given any practical training. One of the prominent features of the drill of the army consists of teaching the recruit to assume an attitude and ex pression to frighten his opponent. At the time of the opening of the w ar with Japan, and. in fact, at the present time, much of the armament consists of hal berds, pikes, bows and arrows and long smooth-bore muskets, while practically one-half the men in each regiment are banner bearers and not armed at all. Of methods of commissariat nothing is known, nor is there such a thing as hos pitals or medical service. The i easons for this state of affairs lie, in a great measure, to the fact that funds appro priated for the army have been misap plied, and gone to enrich boodling offi cials. The Manchu army, which is practical ly the only imperial army of Cltina, numbers from 80,000 to 100,000 menj though on paper it boasts of 300,000. Of these about 40,000 are stationed in gar risons in Manchuria, and some 6,000 In Peking. This army is the support of the Manchu dynasty, and is recruited al most exclusively from the Manchus and the Monguls. The provincial army, called the Green Flags, consists of 18 corps, one for each province. These various corps are un der the command of the governor of the different provinces, and there is no co operation between them, numbers less than 200,000 men, tuough its paper strength is more than 500,000. This makes the total army of China num ber about 300,000 men on the present peace footing, with a paper strength, or war footing, of dose lo 1 , 000 , 000 . That the Chinese army as It now ex ists, with all its crudeness and super stitious, is useless, or even worse, was proven by the war with Japan. That it is possible to make a soldier of no mean ability of the Chinese coolie was proven by Gen. Gordon, but China will have to take a long step forward and forget the superstitutions of centuries before she can do in a large way what Gen. Gordon did with a small force. With militant Japan as a drill master, it is possible that the army of the empire may be made into a formidable foeman for Russia, but it cannot be done if war coiqee quickly. China, with its 400,000,000 people, could easily dominate the east, and pre vent her own disintegration, if she suc ceeds In making soldiers of her raw ma terial , but to do so must be the growth of generations and not the work of a day or official edict, and the chances are the modernized army will not come in tlm* to save the empire. , This force Riches In Will Power. "I understand that young Sprlggln* has acquired considerable wealth during the two years of my absence from town." "Yes; and it'* all the result of sheer will power." "Will power? You surprise me! never suspected him of having the least particle of it in bis make-up." "He didn't; It was the will power of his late lamented uncle."— 1 Tit-Bits. I PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES. Coutrarj I the General Idea They Are Both Peaceable and I'roaprroua. "The People of the Philippines" was the subject of a recent lecture by Mr. Henry Gannett, of the geological survey. The lecture was the third of the series of 1903-4 given under Ihe auspices of ihe National Geographic society, reports the Washington Star. During the past year Mr. Gannett has made a complete tour of the islands to arrange for the census of the people, and he declared that, contrary to the general idea concerning conditions there, the country is both prosperous and peace able. "The idea in the United States has been," he said, "that beyond Manila and the outlying garrisons it is dangerous for a white man to travel, yet nothing could be farther from the truth. The na tive feels honored when you seek a night's lodging of him, and will do all in his power to please; the children greet the white man with 'buenos dios,' and everywhere throughout the islands the white man Is well treated and welcome." Mr. Gannett stated that the country produces oranges and about 20 varieties of bananas, but they do not compare with the California orange, and that the West Indian or Honduras bananas are far superior to any of the 20 varieties grown in the Philippines. He said there were but two milch cows in Manila. In speaking of the farming industry, Mr. Gannett said the ordinary farm is about the size of a city lot, on which tha native raises a little rice, a few bananas and some yams sufficient for his own use. He said the fruits and vegetables pe culiar to Ihe country are not to the white man's liking, and spoke of the absence of apples, peaches, grapes and cherries. The mango, he said, Is the favorite of na tive fruits. Speaking of the meat diet, Mr. Gan nett said the natives live mostly on fish, while the frozen beef and mutton for the Americans comes from Australia and New Zealand. TIMES IN PORTO RICO. Cotton Industry Being: Revived and BuMinenM Proiipeetn Are (iron ing Brighter. Wondering groups of natives now stand hours daily watching the opera tion of eight modern cotton gins, being operated in a gin house on the Marina, in San Juan, from which thousands of bales of high-grade Sea Island cotton will bs shipped this year. Ail the gins are work ing at full capacity and a long dormant industry of Porto Rico seems actually to have ben revived with prospects of rapid growth. Cotton seems to be doing well In all parts of the island, but the first year's results to the growers will not be great financially, says a recent San Juan report in the Philadelphia Press. Th# president of the company now op erating in San Juan says: "The great est drawback to our operations is the obtaining of competent labor at a rea sonable price. There are plenty of peo ple in Porto Rico who need work, but they are inexperienced workers. I find labor dearer here than anywhere else. Then the people, many of them, do not ■want work. They had rather starve." Coffee men are looking happier. In many of the coffee districts of the islands the crop will be double that of last year and the quality is superior. The promise of President Roosevelt to favor reci procal treaties with countries which have been closed by tariff laws to Porto Rican coffee since the Spanish-American war has greatly encouraged coffee grow ers here. Orange shipping has begun and a large crop will be sent north. The sugar cane acreage is being immensely increased, and the temporary business depression seems to be lifting and floating away as a cloud. •I Porto Rico Coffee Plantation. Viewed from a distance, a Porto Rican ceffee plantation looks very much like a virgin forest of tropical shade trees. The coffee ''tree" is really a mere shrub, or bush; ranging in height anywhere from four to 12 feet, according to its age and environment, the average being about six to eight feet. This tender lit tle tree plant Is grown under the shade of the wide-spreading Malango. Mocha and Guava trees—the latter having the preference, as the famous Guava jelly is made from its fruit. These majestic protectors afford ample shelter to the frail coffee-bearing shrub, shielding its delicate pipe-stem branches and wax like blossoms from the scorching heat of the sun, the fierce mountain gales, the heavy tropical dew, and the terrific thun der storms during the rainy season, while at the same time admitting suffi cient light and air to properly develop the fragile plant.—From "Uncle Sam's Coffee Fields," by J. Caldwell Burnes, in Four-Track News. Want American Girls. Competent American girls are in de mand in the Philippines. A business man who lately returned from Manila says that the supply of well-trained stenographers and typewriters is not nearly equal to the demand, although wages are considerably higher than in the United States. Women of many na tionalities are constantly arriving in Manila, but American girls are scarce. English women outnumber them four to one, and now hold the best positions, although nearly all the ''want ads." end with, "American girl preferred."— Youth's Companion. Not His PrtTlIeite. Jeers—Peck said he did not think of going, but he might change his mind. Sneerwell—The idea of his talking of 'changing his mind. "Ha! ha! I see. No mind to change, eh?" "Oh, yes, he has a mind, of course, but his wife changes it for him always."— Philadelphia Press. Spend, I found the motorman an Intelligent and courteous fellow. "Would you like to drive a ear at the rate of a hundred miles an hour?" 1 asked. ''Not unless I were passing people who were signalling me to stop," he replied. —Detroit Free Press. Mast He Some Ml.take. "They tell me that Guzzle has a per fect horror of water," remarked Tred way. "O, I guess not," replied Brisbane. "He buys stocks."—Detroit Free Pres* THE HOLIDAY SEASON How It Is Kept by Both Rich and Poor in Chicago. WORK OF SOCIALSETTLEMENTS Salvation Army Provides Christmas ■Tha Cheer for Many Thoiiaandi Public Stuff the Turkey—Fes tivities of Middle Classes. Chicago.—As the holiday season draws near interests in the social settlements and the missions of every large c,ity in creases among the poor, for whose benefit they are maintained. It Is at the social set tlements and the missions that thou sands of the city poor get their only taste of Christmas. There are Christ mas festivities and en tertainments provided. Some even undertake to provide Christmas presents especially for the children, and Christmas dinners, either at home or at the settlement houses for the families. At practically all of the social settlement houses no discrimination is made so far as creed is concerned, and all are given an equal welcome without having any special religious teachings forced upon them. The same is true in the majority of mission churches and Sunday schools, though at times one will find one that is narrower than the general rule. An instance of this kind may be cited In the poor district of the South side. A wealthy Michigan avenue congregation maintains a mission there attached to which Is both a kindergarten and a sew ing class as well as a Sunday school. The pastor of the church objects to any child receiving the benefit of the kinder garten who does not attend the Sunday school, or any mother receiving any benefit from the sewing circle who Is not a regular attendant at the mission church. At this mission a Christmas en tertainment is to be given, but it is for the members of Ihe Sunday school only, and the other little waifs and strays of the neighborhood will not be permitted to view the festivities. The head of the kindergarten at this particular mission is not a believer in this method, and, regardless of objec tions, welcomes to the school Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics alike, and while she attempts to exert a moral influence over all her little charges, she teaches no creed that would be objectionable to any parent. It is needless to say that the teacher of the School is far more popular in the neigh borhood than the pastor of the church that supports it. Miss Jans Addams Hall Hodhp. In the Ghetto district of the West side Hull House is the great rendezvous of the poor at Christ- ___ mas time. Miss Jane Addams ex erts a wider infiu O ence among the poor of Chicago than any other one person engaged in philanthropic work in the city, but she does nothing that is not practical for them. Every Christmas ar rangement at Hull House is devised for practical pur poses, and though the charities distributed through this great institution at this time of the year axe manifold they are not indiscrim inate. Hull House as it stands to-day, with Its commodious buildings, its far reaching influence, is a growth of a lit tle more than 14 years. It is the product of an European trip by Miss Addams and Miss Ellen G. Starr. On that trip they studied conditions among the poor of Europe, and determined to do some thing for the poor of Chicago. They had nothing to start with but their own in domitable courage, but they rented one floor of a building—a ramshackle affair erected by Charles Hull in 1859, and in 18S9 used by sweat shop proprietors, old clothes and old rag men—and here be gan attracting about them the poor and outcasts of society who needed the guid ance of a stronger personality than their own to help them upward. Hull House was not then, and is not now. a charity In the strict sense of that term. It distributes reflet to those that need it, but its greatest work is the bring ing out. the good that is in men and wom en by offering them opportunity. It is a meeting place for all nationalities and all creeds. It stands for no particular propaganda, and adapts itself to every change in its environment. Miss Addams explains its object and Its methods in this way: "It must be grounded in a philosophy whose founda tion is on the solidarity of the human race, a philosophy which will not waver when the race happens to be represented by a drunken woman or an idiotic boy." With such a foundation it is small wonder that Hull House is one of the bright lights of the Chicago holiday sea son. Cl JUTD ■ [ Eg: Hull Hou.e The Salvation Army. Of all the many organizations which work In His name for the poor of the city none are more appreciated or ac complish greater results than the Salvation Army. For days past a Salvation Army lassie has stood on every corner of the downtown street* holding a stick from which was suspended an arti ficial turkey, Into which the public were invited to drop their spare change as "stuff ing." The artifi Securing stuffing for th« dal turkey was em Turkey blematic of the use to which the money collected was to be put—the purchasing of a Christmas din 'i (2k P pu.Kf r* i 11 / I ner for 10,000 or more of Chicago's poor. Nor Is the dinner all that Is to be given. The sad-faced child, into whose life Christmas festivities do not come, Is made happy by the present of a small toy. The thinly-clad boy or girl or man or woman is provided with some article of suitable clothing. This Is the one time In the year when the Army gives without demanding something in return. The rule of com pensation for the assistance given at other times is dispensed with during this one day. It Is a Christmas present In the full sense of the term that is re ceived. It was some five years ago that the Christmas dinner idea was first at tempted on a large scale by the Army. At that time they undertook to feed 20, 000 people in New York, and fed instead 50,000. From that the idea grew to a na tional effort, and last year it fed 300,000, ranging from 200,000 in New York to a few hundred, or even down to a few dozen In the smaller cities and towns. Families are provided with basket dinners. Into each basket must go a turkey, cranberries, mince meat, flour, fruit, and In fact everything that goes to make a Christmas dinner. In cases where it Is needed, the fuel to cook the dinner is supplied, and even the car fare needed to come and get the dinner Is pro vided. The basket dinner idea is grow ing, and its growth Is encouraged by the army. It not only provides a cheeful ness in an otherwise dreary home for the day, but it helps to maintain a feeling of self-respect on the part of the recipient as well. For the homeless, including the newsboys and other street waifs, the great public dinner, with its after enter tainment, is one of the bright spots of the year. Chrl.tman Pleasure.. The Christmas festivities of those not dependent upon ihe charitable organiza tions for their share of seasonable cheer is varied. In the wealthy homes It Is becoming more and more a day de voted to Ihe chil dren. The Chicago millionaire is a home lover, a fam 11 y lover. On Christmas day the children and grand children are gath ered about the home fireside, and the little ones are made happy with an over-abundance of c o s 11 y toys. With this class the day Is typical of the farm Christmas in many ways—it is a family reunion day. The middle classes take to the thea ters in the afternoon and evening. The Christmas matinee is one of the most profitable performances of the year, and for the evening every house is sold out days ahead. Church entertainments provide amusement for thousands of others, and still others, especially the younger element, turn to outdoor sports. Should Jack Frost fail to cover the park lakes with a heavy coating of ice it would spoil the Christmas pleasure of thousands. This is the most popular of outdoor winter sport in Chicago, because it is the most practical. There are no hills for coasting, though in some of the parks artificial toboggans are built. The middle classes are not owners of horses and sleighs, and the supply at the liver ies are both limited and costly. To no other city in America probably has the country contributed so large a percentage of the population, and back to the country go thousands for the holi day season, there to find a mirth and en joyment that is not possible in the city, and in the foreign settlements the Christmas festivities are patterned after those of the fatherland. w C Outdoor Christmas P.easures Chlraao I'rovlnelalli Chicago provincialism was illustrated to a Harvard man, direct from the ef fete east, during "I the recent stock ~j~ Bhow at the stock r. yards. It was the Y easterner's first visit to Chicago, i and he came to be ■4 lieve most any thing of the woolly west. Of course, lie visited the stock show, and I while there met ^ two or three filer ds L of his college days, now prominently connected with the packing Industries of the city. "Let all of us gc in over here and have a drink together for the sake of college days," said one of the Chicago friends, pointing to a small saloon across the street. It was not a commodious place, and there was nothing for it but to line up against the bar and drink. "What will it be?" asked the Chi cagoan. "Is It possible to secure an old-fash ioned cocktail?" asked the Harvard man, with trepidation, after looking about the Jflace. "Whisky can't go in this crowd," re tured his friend. "Champagne isn't half good enough. Give us a quart of it, Mike." The bartender opened up the bottle just as though he was used to It, and he is, and the trio disposed of two or three of them before quitting, but the Harvard man pronounced that the lllit when he told me of it. "Drinking champagne, of genuine French vintage at that, over a stock yards bar," said he. "Why, I wouldn't have believed it, even of Chicago, if I hadn't been there myself. Such a pro ceeding Is wilder and woollier than any thing I ever dreamed of." But drinking champagne over a bar Is an every day occurrence In Chicago. WRIGHT A. PATTERSON. 1 n A Bit of Chicago Pro vincialism Silk from Wood. A plant for making silk from wood, erected near Sydowsaue, Germany, Is at present turning out 50 pounds of skein silk a day, which product can be Increased In quantity to 2,000 pounds. The silk Is soft In texture and creamy In color. Ea:h thread Is made up of J 8 single strands. A single strand Is hardly perceptible to the naked eye. In strengjh It la but one-third that of the real silk. When woven Into plecea the new substi tute Is said to have tL* appearance of real silk. POLITICAL LEADERS Ihe Men Who Dominate in the Sen ate and House. REPUBLICANS AND DEMOCRATS Personal Ckaraeterl.tYc. ot Connreis Milllam- and Senators Aid rich and Uornii-Kon They Hule Their Parties. inn i Washington.—John Sharpe Williams the most efficient leader the demo crats in the house have had since the days of Crisp. In some respects he is better than Crisp, for he can keep his temper under prov ocatlon and that If what Crisp could never do. Besides, Williams has the faculty of getting along personally with the leaders ot the opposition. He is about as well liked on the republican side of the house a 9 he is among his own party followers. Williams and Speaker Cannon have become decidedly chummy. Williams appreciates the courtesy shown him when Cannon permitted him to pick out the democratic members of the committees and he doesn't hesitate to show his gratitude on all occasions when a matter of party advan tage is not at stake—and there are plenty of opportunities during a session when the legitimate business of the house can be impeded or expedited ac cording as the rival leaders are in a mood of mutual good fellowship or not. Both Williams and Cannon have an abounding sense of humor. When they are together they call each other "John" and "Joe ' and they crack jokes and tell stories with as much gusto as if they had never had a political dif ference in their lives. The democratic J! ; ! Hon. John Sharpe Williams leader likes nothing better than to stroll into the speaker's room and go over the points. But when he gets on the floor in debate he is as spunky as a game cock and nobody would ever Imagine that be had a republican friend in the world. There is nobody in the house who can tear passion to tatters more effectively, An Old-Time Leader. One of Williams' predecessors, a dem ocratic leader who was a national figure when Williams was a boy, died only theotherday. Wil liam M. Springer during the past ten years had not fig ured in politics; s " but prior to that time he was re- == garded as one of t=" the democratic re liabilities in the house for almost a generation. After he left con gress Springer was for a time a judge in the Indian terri tory. Of late years he has been a law yer here in Washington, scarcely more than a memory of the robust congress man who contested the nomination for the speakership with Crisp and Mills, and who afterwards stirred the economies with his famous series of pop-gun tariff bills carrying out the democratic scheme to revise the tariff one item at a time, Personally, Springer was a lovable man, without even a remote sense of humor. Probably it was the latter fail ing that made him one of Tom Reed's pet aversions when the great speaker was the leader of the republicans in the aouse. Two of Reed's most famous Bhafts were thrown at Springer. One was In a debate while Reed was still holding a-secondary rank in the house. Spring er, who was a rather ponderous speak er, had made the remark that he would rather be right than be president. Reed, standing in the middle aisle, drawled back: "The gentleman need not be alarmed. He will never be either." The other was a conversational quip: "Springer never opens his mouth that he doesh't subtract from the sum of human knowledge." It Is not to be wondered at that there should not have been any great sym pathy between two men of such widely opposed temperaments. It was large ly a matter of taste with each of them, and concerning taste there is no use in arguing. V 11 c The Late Will am M. Springer Leadership ot the Senate. The leadership of Senator Aldrich In the senate has been pretty completely demonstrated more than once in '■eeent years, but never more thor oughly than dur ing the extraordi nary session just closed. The repub 1 i c a n majority were altogether in Aldrich's hands. What he suggested they did, andeome times they did it without putting him even to the r f A V* a^nauor Aidric.t trouble of suggesting it. He was one who made the arrange ment with the democratic minority by which the business of the extraordinary session was brought to a close and an agreement made by unanimous consent A Specimen Prediction. Weather Prophet—I hit It again. I never fall. Ordinary Man—Huh! The thermom eter has dropped 20 degrees, and it Is raining pitchforks. You predicted fair and warmer. Weather Prophet—I predicted fair and warmer, with Increased humidity. I may have been a trifle off on the fair and warmer, but you can't deny the humidity, sir—no, sir.—N. Y. Weekly. Macaslne Limitations. Magazine Editor—We need a leading article for next month. RegularContrlbutor—lean prepare an to vote on the Cuban reciprocity bill o^H the 16 th of December. In fact, ne'was the only man on th^H republican aide who understood exOn actly what the terms of the arrange ment were, a circumstance which lewjf to a somewhat embarrassing incldentifc one afternoon In executive session.Wp Senator Lodge tried to bring up a mat ter which was of no particular conse quence, but which as it happened did not relate to the Cuban situation. Sen* ator Gorman promptly objected. He said it was contfary to the agreement between the two sides of the chamber. The republicans who were present pro tested. They had never heard of any such agreement which would put It out ■ of their power to do business of any j kind. But Gorman was insistent. And ' when they pressed him for an explana tion, he gave one. He said Senator Al drich had promised him that if the dem ocrats would consent tp the vote on the 16th of December, nothing whatever would be done In the meantime during the extraordinary session except to dis cuss Cuban reciprocity. Aldrich had left the city without telling anybody on his own side of the chamber about what he had done, but they accepted Gor man's statement, and that was the end of it. Gorman a Loader. Gorman, on the democratic side, occu pies Just about the same kind of posi tion that Aldrich occupies on the re publ ican side of the chamber. It may ——; be that he hasn't |=? quite the same de gree of control of af the machinery; but S=f* whatever he says ==3? goes, despite ru- s mors to the con- " trary. He is the \ man to do business with, and when he makes a promise L> as to what the dem ocrats will do, they feel morally bound to do it. That is what Uncle Joe Cannon calls legislation by unanimous consent, and, of course, it is a very reprehensible way of doing business. But it Is likely to continue just as long as the present senate rules live, which, according to j present appearances, will be to the end of time. Gorman and Aldrich are very much the same type of men. They are first of all business men. They understand the currents of trade and appreciate the effect of legislation on commercial in terests. They are organizers and deft handlers of men. They can read char acter and they can keep their own coun sel. They understand weaknesses in others to which they can appeal. They are always In the game. Gorman is more of a public speaker than Aldrich. He is not an orator in any way. but he has a faculty of aggressive ness in debate which Aldrich has never shown. Aldrich when he talks use* a conversational tone, and goes about it as if he were explaining something before the board of directors of a rail road. Gorman Is never exactly conver sational. There is always some little touch of mystery in everything he says, and his face is Jesuitical in its inscruta bility. Aldrich, on the other hand, Is seemingly the most frank and confiding of men. One wonders how it can be that this smiling, easy-going, compan ionable fellow can have so many trick* up his sleeve. Senator Gorman j New Railroad Station. The ways are cleared already for the great I'nion station, which is to be com ™ "" pleted for the 4th of March, 1905, and which will be when completed tha finest thing of its kind in the world. By contrast with the present wretch ed avenues of ap proach to Wash ington it will be al most inconceiv ably splendid. The new station, which will be only a stone's throw from the capital, will be built of white granite—a peculiarly white and daz zling stone, quarried at Bethel, Vt., which will surpass marble In architec tural effect. The station will face directly toward the dome of the capital, and the entire facade will be clearly visible from the capital steps at the end of the broad avenue. The architectural effects have been drawn from the triumphal arches of Rome. Sloping gently away from the building will be a plaza 500 feet wide and 3,000 feet long, adorned with balus trades and fountains, while there will be a terrace 100 feet wide surrounding the structure. The station Itself will be 620 feet long and from 65 to 120 feet in height. The three entrance arches, each 60 feet in height, will be on a scale far surpass ing anything in Roman architecture. The waiting-rooms will be dreams of luxury compared with anything that has ever before been suggested for a rail way station, and the dining-room will be equal to anything that can be found In a first-class hotel. There will be all Borts of unusual conveniences. One of these Is an invalid's room, easily ac cessible from the street. Another is a special entrance for the president of the United States. Besides there will be dressing rooms with baths and a Turkish bath and swimming pool. The entire cost of the station with ap proaches will be $14,000,000, of which the government pays $3,000,000. LOUI S A. COOLIDaE. On Qravea of Malden*. The grave of an unmarried woman In Turkey is often Indicated by a rose carved In atone. . SssS tsgg. 4MM ® Piai.s or ihe New Depot il elaborate historical sketch of Napoleon. "Won't do. Too much like news." "Might work up 1 something on Solo mon." ( "Too modern." "All right, I'll get up an illustrated ar ticle on Adam."—N. Y. Weekly. Carefully Edited. Subbubs—I want to Insert an adver tisement: "Wanted, a plain cook for—'* Clerk—Beg pardon, *lr, but they might resent that; better say "Girl wanted to do plain cooking." Subbubs—Thta's so, and, by the way. Instead of ''girl," perhaps we had bet ter say "lady."—Philadelphia Pr**«.