thr mrs. in no a if
Loinsviiu:, m i hh.
AUDITOK OK 1MJ1HJC
I;i nrmihcr column of our pnprr,
H I found tlio Circultir letter of
K. Mathews J.sq., to which
.. j particularly invito the attention
Since Mi. 3alhows' appointment
to the cilice of Auditor of Public Ac
counts, lie has been industriously en
gaged in ferritins out, and exposing
the frauds, and correcting the abuse8
heretofore practiced in the office
His independent and fearless coursof
mid the signal ability with which he
Jias discharged the various and in
tricate duties of the station, prove
him to be just such an officer as the
' interest of the country requires at the
)icad of this department.
The amendments of the Senate on
the Aportionment Bill, have at length
been concurred in by the House, and
the bill passed by a vote of 1 1 3 to 103.
By the provisions of this bill, the
ratio of Representation is fixed at
70,6S0, giving a House of 224 mem
bers. The District System, and an
additionnl member to such States as
have a fraction of more than a moi-
ety of the ratio. Mississippi will have
Should this bill receive the signa
ture of the President, and become a
law, an extra session of the Legisla
ture of this State will necessarily have
to be called next fall or winter, for
the purpose of Districting the State,
and passing laws to carry its provis
ions into effect. So, the flattering
prospect of a surplus remaining in
our Treasury next winter, after meet
ing all the present pressing demands
upon it, is at once blasted. The ex.
penceofan extra session of the Legisla
ture, for which no calculation has
heretofore been made; will drain the
last dollar from the Trearsury, and
leave it again bankrupt. This is one
of . the blessings resulting to .Missis
sippi, from whig power and control in
Congress, for which they should have
credit for at least half a dozen of their
false and faithless promises.
(From the NaMiv'llts Uiiioii)
, The Kichmond Enquirer thus brief
ly fa:r..i up the political character of
the Llay party. It will be seen that
it draws a marked distinction between
t'i i old fashioned Harrison whigs and
the blind devotees of Clay. This is
riqht. Thousands and thousands of
the former are' good republicans.
Harrison was a republican. But Clay
is now the arch-leader of federalism,
in its most dangerous forms.
Whigs no longer let them no
Jonger humbug the people by a name.
They ara Federalists Fedhralists to
all intents and purposes- Federalists
ia principle Federalists in measures
-Federalists of the Hamilton stamp.
He went for a latitudincus con
struction of the Constitution so do
thev. He strove for a National Bank 1
so do they. He went for encour
aging manufactures by a protective
Tariff so do Clay and his allies. He 1
went for an extravagant Government 1
for a funded debtfor . monied :
power so do thev. He went for an
Assumption of the State Debts-rand ;
they go for a Distribution of the pro- j Waters navigated by any other than ' on reaching the minister s habitation,
ceeds of the Public Lands, which is his own craft The navigation of the ' Mf- S. was sent for tP, be. introduced,
but another form of the Tariff and Mississippi and Missouri is all that the i Judge of the surprise ol all when,
another form too of Assumption. Mr Hudson Bay Company wants to ren- n ,ne en,17 of Wr- S, tne ne wljr ar
Pope of Kentncky and many of the der its monopoly of the fur trade 1 rived females found in him tneiong
whig presses, and London Brokers, complete. Boston Daily Mail (lost husband and father! Having
and Lord Asberton, it is said, are a-1 ' been unable to trace his family m
bout to propose to merge Distribution ! Goon Spunk. A Kentucky girl, England after a protracted absence,
into Assumption. They have thrown having married a felloy of mean rep- he had returned lo America, where,
out, that it would be better to create' utation, was taken to task for it by by a singular coincidence, both he
a 6 or 3 per cent, stock of 200 mill- her uncle. ! and they found those they had given
ions, guaranteed upon the lands, and ' "I know, uncle," replied she, "that up BS lost. The parties, we are glad
distributed between State Rights and Joe is not good for much, but he said to say, are now living comfortably
latitudinous construction. It is ft con- I dare not have him, and I -won't take , alii happily together. "
test bewetn the artificial system of stump from any body." Sat. Cour.
political (pluck Mwirn 1 Tariff
uf H I u J l,i iik Mwwii Um iniii'
lire, which rr m rn'itniry lo lh
pflnrljihn of liberty, h lhy jir' rn
tnicftiMi.t initio rfrirt jirovlwi'iii ofu
Vilrrtl, limited CnliMllllfinii It I A
rnnfrnf, w ny, between nil "!
iMikloiio fiirftftiirr, and t ho NlMV
Night dnrtnnns of 'f' S. Upon iln n
hrodd (hiilnrlionn wn pliint our hint
tier riful for our, we ko for V I rs in i; ,
iridhcr iiiuiiorlal doctrine, nddiiM
:iiiy,tho Jliink, llio Tariff, ihn Dirtrl
hiition.tho iiwi'tniition.nnd tho brood
of Federal monsters.
1. Commerce ii tho exchnneo of
tlio Mirplu cotiiinotlities ol ono conn
. . ... -
try for the surplus commodities of
2. Protective duties on foreign
goods, can onlyprotcc domestic inau
uliictures, by raising the prico ol the
foreign goods, and prohibiting wholly
or in part their importation.
3. An exclusion of a certainamount
of the surplus goods of a foreign coun
try, will shut out an equivalent amount
ol American productions from being
exported to that country. Because,
commerce being an exchange of sur
passes, if the surpluss on one side be
impaired, that on the other side will
4. Money is not a commercial
commodity but a means of facilita
ting and adjusting the exchange of
such commodities for money.
5. If Mr. Forward's new tariff bill
should pass, it will shut out a certain
amount of foreign goods from being
imported in the United States. There
fore, the exports of grain, tobacco, and
cotton will he proportionably lessened.
6. The Southern States' being the
chief producers of export staples, will
sutler most by the operation of such
7. Duties on imports are a tax on
the consumers. The southern people
in proportion to their numbers, con
sume far more of the foreign goods
taxed than the people of the north.
8. If the duties levied on foreign
goods do not raise their trice. thev
will not be shut out from the ports of
J. . Tf. 1 .1. . . - .
me unuea states, liut ii the amount
of imported goods be not deminished
domestic manufactures can receive no
9. The British tariff on corn ex
cludes com of other countries and
keeps up the price of Britsh corn. So
the American tariff on foreign goods
excludes ttieniirom the United States
and keeps up the price of American
10. The British tc rift' laws benefit
only a few capitalists and wealthy
men. So the American tariff laws
benefit only a few capitalists and
11. The American tariff raises the
price of goods consumed in Virginia,
ana lowers tne price of her produce
Such a tariff is therefore unequal.
unjust and repugnant tp the spirit of
Te Difficulty will be settled
There is every reason to believe
that the long pending difficulties be
tween Great Britain and the United
States, on various points of national
interest, are likely to be settled in the
most satisfactory and amicable man
ner. .Lord Ashberton is in lull con
ference at Washington city, with the
Commissioners appointed to treat w it h
him, on the part of the slates of Main
and Massachusetts, relative to the
North Eastern Boundary question.
It is not definately known whaj are
the terms of compromise, but an ar
rangement of some kind has been
made. The territory of Main may be
divided,or all that which is held in dis
pute may be purchased by the British
Government. Bennett's Herald hints
that one part of the arrangement of
this settlemntot difficulties will be to
allow the free navigation of the Mis
sissippi on the part of Great Britain,
aud the Sl Lawrence and St. Johns,
on the part of the United States. We
wn f m hr k. vthT ri
"floi' IT Atour," On of Ihft
Mniitft F n Mexican, iw
toed Martin J'if, arrived In ihU city
i dy or I wo ftinr h'lvlnic inmlo Inn
cauiI'O from !liicnliilionwln Nuiitn To
hi A i'i ill id tli"'! tfiivclliiitf ilin en-
tiro dintftlirtf to IiidepclidciKT. Ml
noiirl, icroM tho jimirlj, without n
oul loneroiiipnny lilm.
According to Inn Mory, ho wrm nl
first liheroted nftrr the oilier prison
er worn wnf on Inward f ho city of
Mexico, im were nl.o cvcnil other
Mexican who accompanied the ex
pedition a nerviuu.i. uuo oi liicm
liml aiirm I II-W ill tnunrrlM Miirll.i.
Ififwl trintiifcNted it IjV iiifirirtniiitr f lin
'authorities that he was a reculiir
i ... ...
Tex inn soldier, and had wrved n loin?
lime on the Mexican frontier with
Col. I In yes in his apy company a
statement which was strictly truo.
Upon this he was arrested and con
fined during the winter in the cala
boose nt Saudi Fe. In April, through
some friends, he obtained tools, and
finally succeeded in digging out of his
prison. By keeping hid in the day
time, and travelling altogether at
night, he finally succeeded in reach
ing Taos, suffering greatly for wcr.t
of loou. At this place, he took, with
out leave, a horse and mule: and,
being an excellent Avoodsman, and
knowing the course towards the ereat
Missouri trail, he took that direction,
and finally found it before reaching
Bent's Fort, high up on the Arkansas.
All this while he was without any
other food than roots and herbs; had
no arms, and with hardly any clothes
to his back.
On one occasion, some thirty or
forty Indians discovered him, and
made chase; but, being on foot, they
were unable to overtake him. Oil
reaching Bent's Fort, he obtained a
upply of provisions, and resumed his
journey, unaiiy reaching indepen
deuce, Missouri, after a journey of
twenty-six days. If his story is cor
rect, he is probably the first traveller
who has ever "gone it alone" across
the immense prairies of the West ; and
how he escaped starving to death or
being picked up hy the Camanches or
Pawnees is almost a miracle.
Martias informed us that he heard
it reported by his guard, at Santa Fe,
that the traitor Lewis had been dnv
en from Chihuahua by the foreigners
there; several attempts having been
made to take his life, which were un
successful. He had gone in the di
rection of the Pacific, where he was
not known, and was probably at
Senora. Lewis was well known at
Chihuahua, having lived there sever
al years previous to 1936, the year he
first came to Texas iV. 0. Pic.
ROMANCE IN REAL LIFE.
THE LOST HUSBAND r.STDUNED.
Some time ago, in a village hi
Scotland, lived a lady whose husband
had long betore gone to sea, and nev
er having heard from him for some
years, she believed him to have been
dead. At the time her husband went
to sea, Mrs. S. lived in a town in
England; but after giving up ail
hopes of his return, she removed,
iir.Mi firti. mi ir rt'l11Qrt-iTr ' ' lfr 11:11 .
country, Scotland. In the course of
a lew years, a prooauouer vi uiu umes Severai collections of scientif
Chvirch of Scotland came to officiate I jc objec(s have perished particularly
as a missionary in me pansn, aim
formed , an attachment for Miss ....., i,fii-no:nn. - th Patriot
Seeing no immediate prospect of ob-
taming a church at nome, ne resoivea
on transferring himself to one of our
American colonics, and received an
appointment there from a Colonial
Missionary Society, waving oeen
united to MissS., he took hisdepar-
ture, leaving his wife and mother-m
aw to follow as soon as ne snouid
lave prepared for their comfortable
reception. They accordingly sianea
some time after for America. In the
mean time, among the settlers over
whom the young divine's charge ex
tended, was a comfortable farmer,
also named S., who made enquiries
after the history of the minister's
wife and mother, and expressed an
anxious desire to see them on then-
arrival. Thev did arrive saleiy, and
MOIUJIIOIUUI) INDIA Nuincn-
V IN FLORIDA
1 1, iiinMi i.ti.ttm uU t in '
On WcdiiPidiy, llm 7ih hint. l'ul
I It'll M Villi k in tin) iilitriKM.ii, ii puny
ul'uhuiil Joity liidmim ruii.o upon llm
I luiitutioti vi Cupt. Ruhunoii, near
tlio lh Sandy lord, on lho Suwnn-
no river. , !pt. Robinwm ilirtu
Mini iiml u hired man woo plowing
In u field. 'J'licy were nil miiiultmiu.
oiiNly fired uj'oii hy Indiaim thtcool
the voiitiK men wcro mioi ocuu, uio
other mortally wounded.
Cunt. Robiiimui, who was at nomo
distance from the young men, when
lie first miw tho Indians und heard the
report of their rilles, lied towards his
house. When he opproached it, ho
found another purty of Indians ulrca
dy in the yard; ho saw his wife und
daughter break horn the house and
endcuvor to escape. Mrs. R.wus shot,
and foil wounded; tho daughter was
pursued by an Indian, who caught
tier by the hair us she fled, and cut
ting her throat with his knife, drag
ged her back to the house and, with
her wounded mother, she was thrust
within doors, and the house fired.
The living und dead were consumed
Capt. Robinson rallied the neigh
bors, who soon after visitited the
spot. Oue of the young men who
was shot in the field was found still
alive, though he did not long survive.
This is the fifth or sixth massacre in
the same neighborhood, by the same
band, within a twelve month, and yet
scarce an effort has been made by the
commanders to dislodge them."
Extract of a letter received by a
friend of the Editors, dated
Buenos Aybes, April 13, IS42.
"The country is in a terrible state
under this tyrant (Gov. Rosas.) We
hear of nothing but murders being
committed through the streets, every
night. Last night there were lour
teen persons assasinatcd and left ly
itig in the streets ; three of their heads
had been cut off, , one of which was
found hanging on a hook in the mar
ket house, and two sticking upon
poles in the public square; and all
of the victims were highly respecta
ble persons, but who had, or were
suspected of having expressed views
opposed to the tyrant Rosas. In oue
year's time there have been over
tour hundred thus slaughtered in our
streets ! So you may form some idcar
of the state of the government and of
society in our city. By 8 P. M., tho
streets are deserted, save by these j
governmental desperadoes, who go
about crying 'long live Gov. Rosas,'
and dragging marked or supectcd
persons from their dwellings, and
cutting their throats at their very
door stones." Phila. Sat. Courier.
Destruction of Books at Hamburg.
It has been ascertained that eleven
Libraries were destroyed, six of which
were public institutions. Move than
30,000 volumes were burnt m the
i 1 in r.t ..11
strUction of books exceed 300,000 vol-
cousistinsr of 4.000 models of ma -
Society aild which were used in th(!
e vcni and Sunday classes, instituted
for the mechanics of the town. ,
Phil. Evening Journal.
An Indian Retort. An Indian
complained to a retailer that the
price of liquor was too high.. The
latter in justification, said that it cost
as much to keep a hogshead of brandy
as to keep a cow. The Indian replied,
"May be he drink as much water, but
he no eat so much hay."
Temperance Anecdote "Hallo,
Bill," said the celebrated Tom Mar
shall, of Kentucky, to an old crony,
"what have you been drinking?"
The individual addressed, replied
that he had taken a gin cocktail, a
brandy punch, a whiskey toddy, an
apple toddy, two glasses of charn
pagn, and in lact enumerated the name
of every drink of the bar-keeper's
"Sir," said Tom, in a most myste
rious manner, "do you believe in the
transmigration of souls?"
'Bill replied that he did "in a
measure." . .', ' '
"Then," replied Tom, with pro-!
pnetic tury, -"aarnca u i enouiu oe
surprised if you should Wake Up ono
these mornings and find yourself a
m ! ih Mail it,!,
Ami t..tr,ltl.it Uif , l
tfl i tiilM will inali hi (ji,,!
1lt Mjr ;m Uri hi,
'tifolljl I hn of ttf yM,
I'll ) if ihMfMlf wnllliif,
Kl'i,llwiin)ri llm I cyiut.atMw,
IVtoftn Urn hfirt Iram bfaklnt;,
1 hut wlitn lli hi-Url Ii md, kc,
Win filniHihlp hrMlli'i Itl wiH,
l hi ralinf tit btnm nl n ln"M,
Ami mliih thi chwtli
Of in,jr, twin! Ufn,t.
w rti Dm nr., i,h aii it, .t,ir,
Mai tin allium Mar.
Whrn till, i wuuM tnm in bp no die imV f
To cat, nh ntm , nam I 4
It takes two to iake a Slander !
"My dear friend, that woman has 1
been talking about you so again !
She has been telling the awfulest lies
you ever heard; why, she railed awayi
abrtut you for a whole hour!" , I
"And you heard it all, did you?" '
"Yes." ' '
"Well, after this, just bear in mind
that it takes two to make a slander j
one to tell it, and ono to listen to it." j
"I say, my little son, where docs'
that light-hand road go?"
Ct t li 1... . t
wum kuow sir, lain Deen
where since we lived here."
Coot Ijipipekce. A Conteniion tb
negroes from Ohio, Indiana and llliui-f i,
was receuilv held ut'l'trre Haute, lor ih'
purpose ol appointing delegates lo 8 Na
tional Negro Convention, to take Uce at
Philadelphia, having iu view the niiy
won of some measures to secum trJu I
Congress a grant cf lands in ibe Or'i o j
territory. If this bo not iiiirjuderce. el
. . .... .
wr ulil like to know n hat is 1 The (it. o
liiimisis, in their tanniicism, With i
ttmilturutt the eoiidiiion cf ihe col rv
pewplf, hy saiiunfj them within the hm.:
of the U ruled Stales, upon ccveruim i
lunrth ot course they will tslal'lisn J .
ion, elect their officers, and " tiii
rlditu thu rigbt of Congre&bional nyitf
settation, (-' 1 :
tin . .! .t m i
iue oesigo ot mis movement is lot.
glariug to aoinit ot a uicment doubt, V
is lue incipient step to rreaaurrs Im
dissolution ol' the Ui.ion ; aiid it behodj
people to be ou the alert to watch (fir
iosiduou8 w lies and frir their in hit
. . . ... .
i jus piwpoes ny prompt and tlhcitnA
n;iHure8. ilia ispresBiiiaions ol the
slavvliolding Slates should keep a briul
eye upon tbse "cumes," and fores
tbtir insolvent 6hemes by. n it-ciing a
petition that would have for lis r.bjeci the
vr-aiii3imicui upuH me puunc lands ol
colony to which the disaffected runaway
alave may look, as the luibor of his free-
. . I . I '. L . . . . . I. it
dcin. Lficnanet taper.
Ladiet, have a cure We Hit oiher day
hunted up- the following statute of Ihe
afcieol Virginia code, which would lead
one to suppi.se thu liberty is hardlv m
extensive in the Old Dwaiiuioo as Ihs Uir
sex woo Id like it to be :
44 W hereaa taafly babbling women slan
der and scandrtlize their neighbors, fur
which tneir poor kusbitnd'S are often in
volved in vftxaiiou gii, and cbm in
reat damages ; lien therefore enacted.
lhat in Bctions of slander, cccaiionrd by
ihe wife, alter judgment passed lor lh
damaues, the woi.'ian shall be punit-hed
by ducking ; and if the slander be to nor
iiious us to be adjudged si a treaier dam
age than five hundred lbs. of tobacco, then
the won. an is to suffer 8 ducktng for oat h
live hundred, lbs. of tobacco adjudged
againbt the husband if he refuses to pay
ihe tobacco. "
Cy the steamer Ncptvnc, we have re
ceived Texas papers to the J8ih inst.
Congress in to meet at Iloosion in a
Fiim Corpus Chrisli the news Is thsr
great satisfaction prevaili in the canip
owing to the inactivity of the troops. No
apprehensions are felt of a Mexican visit,
as the country is parched with drought. ( .
. The report that Ihe Colorado Volunteers !S
wer plundering the ranches near Bexar, is
false. The crops of coitou in lhat le- .
gton are remarkably fine.
A Mexican was lately captured 'nd
hung in the vicinity of Texana, for lu
templing lo run sway with a negro
belonging to a ciiiten of that place. An
other had his ears cot off for enti(4tp 1
slaves to run away wilh him.
A project is on loot at Gjlvesion to run rk
a sieamer between Galveston and New
Orleans, to be owned exclusively by
citizens of Texas. ;
T lie American schooner captured by Ihe .
Texan sloop Wabinguin, has Lien re
leased. ' ' ' i
' A man named Cook was shot ly a Mr.t
Oiigos in Galveston. The former wi1!
beating hit wife, and Btiggs, attempung
to interfere, got stabbed in the abdon en,
whereupon he eeixrd a loaded un, f hut
Cook and rrava htmse f uu. cjck
brother of ;b 'notorious Johnson Cc k,
who committed so many murders it Floi-
ida aud Wiasisuppi. Fret Trader.
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