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Macon herald. (Macon, Miss.) 1841-1842, July 24, 1841, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065376/1841-07-24/ed-1/seq-1/

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william D. WADDILL,]
"The Conatitutlon and the Laws—the Guardians of our Liberties.**
NO. 3.
Is published every week in the town ofliacon
Noxubee County, Mississippi, St Thra Dol
lars per annum, in advance.
No subscription taken for a »boner term flan SU
Keathi, in which case payment will be require! in ad
»ance; and no subscriber suffetedto withdraw,(hut at
lUe option of the Proprietors,) untilall arreai »;es are
ADVERTISEMENTS, not excelling one Square*
(10 lines,) Will be One Dollar for |he first, ami fifty
Cents for each subsequent insertion. Larger mes, in
proportion. Our advertising friends are requested to
mirk the number of insertions they wish u$togive
their advertisements, on the marijln—otherwSe they
«rill be published until forbid, and Charged acco»dingly
A discount of Twenty-five per cent, to those whe adver
tise by the year" Advertisements flora a dirt awe must
he accompanied with the Cash, or some resfansible
reference, or they wilt not be published. T
JOB WORK expected to be p4<l for at the line el
The following beautiful lines are from 'Ten
Thousand a Year." They are sung by Catha
rine Aubrey. Her fingers wandered Ightly
a ad softly over the keys, gave forth a beautiful
symphony in%e minor, after which, wlh ex
quisite symplicity, she sung tic following :
Where, O where
Hath gentle Peace found rest 1
Builds she in bower of lady lair 1
But Love—he hath possesion there ;
Noi long is she the guest.
Sits she crowded
Beneath a pictured dotnel
But there Ambition keeps his ground,
And Fear and Envy skulk around ;
This cannot be her hone ?
Will she hide
In Scholar's pensive cell!
But he hath already hath iis bride,
Him Melancholy sits bes.de—
With her she may not dwell ! ;
Now- and then,.
Pcaec wandering lays 1er head
On regal couch, in captive's den—
But nowhere finds she rev with men.
Or only with the dead !
From ihe National Inulligeiicer.
We have a melancholy pleasure in trans
ferring to our columns the following Bio
graphy of Maj. Gen. Maocmb, whojje Fu
I neral is this day to be solemnized, in whose
j death this city has to motirr the decease of
a virtuous and beloved citizen, and in whom
the Nation laments the lots of the distin
'f guished and gallant Comqtmdcr of its Mi
ll litary forces.
Major General Alexander Macomb was
born at Detroit, April 3, T82. The city
of Detroit, at that time, na« a garrison
town, and among the fiest images that
U struck his eyes were those of the eireum
|1 stances of war. These eady impressions
9 often fixAhe character of tht man.
His father was a fur merchant, respec
tably descended and connoted. He re
moved to the city of New-fork while A
'exander was yet an infant. When he was
ight years of age, he placd him at school
i l Newark, in New-Jersey, under the
■ harge of the Reverend doctor Ogden,
H ! vho was a man of*mind|btlonging to 4 fa
* fily distinguished for taleng
In 1798, while Maeoitb was quite a
il ? outh; he was elected into i select com pa
i y, which was called "The New-York
H 1 Angers." The name vas taken
i 'at Spartan bank of ranges selected
t e provincials, who, from 1755 to IÏ63,
v ere the elite of every Briish commander
•fr Lak« George and the fordere of Cma
d£u At the time he entered'the corpi of
( îiew-York Rangers, Congress had parsed
£ a', law receiving volunteeTHbr the defence
I o^ the country, as invasialn&y a Frenci} ar
nvy wa* soon expected.; This patriotic
b ; r" volunteered their serncesto Govfcrn
ini nt, which were accepte!, bat he toon
I J?'""' 8 C0 *P S * nn & obtained a cometcy at
th; Mtfeofth* year 1798, and was wn
! ®>'«iôned m January, 1799 Gen. North,
then adjutant general of the Northern
ray, soon saw the merit* of the youthful
soldier, and took him into his staff, as de
puty adjutant general. Under such a
ter as the intelligent and accomplished
North, Macomb made great progress in
his profession, and in the affections of his
brother officers of the army. The young
officer that Hamilton noticed and North in
structed, would not fail to be ambitious of
to observe the discipline and tactics of the
veteran corpse kept at that important mili
tary post, and did not neglect his opportu
The thick and dark cloud that hung o
*ver the country passed away—a great part
of the troops were disbanded, and most of
the officers and men returned to private
life ; a few only retained ; among them
was Macomb, who was commissioned as a
second lieutenant of dragoons, and sent
forthwith on the recruiting service, but it
was not necessary to push the business;
and, as he was stationed in Philadelphia,
he had hne opportunities to associate with
the best informed men of the city, and found
easy access to the Franklin and other ex
tensive libraries, of which advantage he
did not fail to improve.
When his body of recruits was formed,
he marched with it to the Western fron
tiers to join Gen. Wilkinson, an officer
who had been left in service from the Re
volutionary wa r. In the company of Wil
kinson, and of Col. Williams, the engi
neer, he must have gathered a mass of ma
terials for future use. With him he went
into the Cherokee country to aid in mak
ing atreaty-with that nation. He was on
this mission nearly a year, and kept a jour
nal of every thing he saw or heard. This
was a good school for one whose duty it
might hereafter be to fight these very abo
rigines, and, in fact, these lessons of the
wilderness are not lost on any one of mind
end observation. The corps to which he
belonged was disbanded, and a corps of en
gineers formed ; to this he was at'ached as
first lieutenant. He was now sent to West
Point, where he was by the code there es
tablished a pupil as well as officer. Be
ing examined and declared competent, he
was appointed an adjutant of the corps at
that post, and discharged his duty with so
much spirit and intelligence, that when the
first court martial, after his examination,
was convened, he was appointed judge ad
vocate. This court was ordered for the
trial of a distinguished officer for disobeying
an arbitrary order for disobeying an arbi
trary order for cutting off the hair. Peter
the Great could not carry such an order
into execution, but our Republican coun
try did ; and the veteran Col. Butler was
reprimanded for not throwing his white
locks to the wind when ordered so to do
by his superior. The talents and argu
ments exhibited by Macomb, as judge ad
vocate on this court-martial, brought him
into very great notice as a man of exalted
intellect as well as a fine soldier. He was
now called upon to compile a treatise upon
martial law, and the practice of courts mar
tial, which, in a future day of leisure, he
effected and his book is now the standard
work upon courts martial for the Army of
the United States. In 1805 Macomb was
promoted to the rank of captain in the corps
of engineers, and sent to the sea-board to
superintend the fortifications which had
been ordered by an act of Congress. By
this service he became known to the first
men in the country, and his merits were
duly appreciated from New-Hampshire to
the Floridas.
In 1808 ha was promoted to the rank
of major, and acted as superintendent of
unifications until just before the war, when
he was advanced to a lieutenant colonelcy.
He was again detailed to act as judge ad
vocate on a court martial for tha trial of
Gen. Wilkinson, who had called the court
on CoL Butler, He added to his reputa
tion in this case. Wilkinson was his friend,
Hc visited Montreal in order
but Macomb discharged his duty with mi
litary exactness.
At the breaking out of the war of 1812,
he left the seat of Government, where he
had discharged an arduous duty, in assist
ing to give form and regularity to the
my then just raised by order of Congress.
All sorts of confusion had prevailed, from
the want of a uniform system of military
tactics: he was fortunate in his exertions.
When there was honorable war, he could
not be satisfied to remain, as it were,
binet officer, and wear a sword only to ad
vise what should be done, which seemed to
be the regulations of the Army in respect
to engineers ; he, therefore, solicited a com
mand in the corps of artillery that was Ip
be raised, and was gratified by a commis
colonel of the third regiment, dated
July 6, 1812. The'regiment was to con
sist of twenty companies of one hundred
and eighteen each. It was, in fact, the
command of a division, except in rank.—
His reputation, assisted in raising
this body of men, and in November of
that year he marched to the frontiers with
his command. Macomb and his troops spent
the winter at Sackett's Harbor. He con
templated an attack upon Kingston, but
was defeated in his plan by the fears of
some and the jealousies of others; but he
soon distinguished himself at Niagara and
Fort George: at the same time Commo
dore Chauncey Was endeavoring to bring
the enemy's fleet to battle on Lake Onta
rio. The next service performed by Col.
Macomb was under General Wilkinson,
and if the campaign was not successful,
Macomb was not chargeable with any por
tion of the failure.
In January, 1814, he was promoted to
the rank of brigadier general; and was
appointed to a command on the east side of
Lake Champlain. Nothing of importance
in the history of Gen. Macomb transpired,
although he Was constantly on the alert in
the discharge of his duties, until the
ronal of his fame was won at the defence
of Plattsburgh. This defence our limits
will not permit us to describe with any min
uteness, but suffice it to say, that in the
summer of 1814, Sir George Prévost, Go
vernor General of the» Canadas, had
ceiveda great augmentation of his regular
forces, by detachments from the army which
had fought in Spain and Portugal, under
the Duke of Wellington. These weie
among the best troops in the world, and he
now determined to strike a blow upon
frontiers that should be decisive of the war,
and bring our nation to terms at once. His
fleet, on Lake Champlain, was considered
superior to that of ours, and he was well
informed that we had not there any of con
sequence. Early in September he pushed
on towards Plattsburgh, and met, for seve
ral days, with little opposition,
was delay ; but he wished to act safely, and
saw nothing to prevent his progress. Pre
vious to the 11th, there had been some
smart skirmishing, in which the British
found more courage and efficiency than
they expected, from troops so hastily call
ed out.- Early on the 11th the British
gave battle by land and water—fifteen hun
dred of the regular army, and uncertain
bodies of militia, made up Macomb's ar
my. The enemy liras fourteen thousand
strong. The battia was a decisive victory
on the part of the American forces ; Mac
donough captured the British fleet, and Sir
George returned to Canada the next night.
The victory was brilliant as unexpected.
Honors were voted Macomb in every part
of the country. N. York and Vermont were
foremost in their tributes of respect. The
President promoted -him to the rank of ma
jor general, dating his commission on the
day of his victory. The event had a hap
py effect on the negotiations then going on
at Ghent, and unquestionably paved the
way for a treaty of peace.
After the close of the war he command
ed at Detroit, his birth-place. He was re
ceived at this military post with distinguish
ed honors ; many remembered his person,
a ca
sion as
His error
and all had kept his reputation in view aa
reflecting honor upon the territory in which
he was born. He continued at that post
attentive to his duty, and devising liberal
things for the people of that region, with
out confining his exertions to any particular
portion of territory, until, in 1811, he was
called to Washington to take the office of
chief of the engineer department. On the
receipt of this information, he was address
ed by all classes of the people of Detroit
in the most exalted language of friendship
and regard. On repairing to Washington
he assumed the duties of the bureau he was
called to, and discharged them to the satis
faction of the Government and the Army.
On the death of General Brown, com
mander-in-chief of the Army, Gen. Ma
comb was appointed to that*station, which
he has ever since held, and in which he
died .—Abridged from the National Por
trait Gallery.
Newark, (Ohio,) June 23.
On Sunday evening last Mrs. Ketchum,
daughter of Edward Thomas, was killed
instantly by the accidental discharge of a
gun in the hands of her brother John H.
Thomas, a lad of 14. The family had
just finished supper, and were sitting about
the table, when the lad observed the gun,
and took it down from the place where it
hung out of curiosity, and while examin
ing it, the instrument went off and shot his
sister through the head, producing instant

13r We extract the following article from the
Natchez Courier. There is much good sense
in it.
The Cotton Crop. —We perceive
that some of our Southern exchanges are
already boasting of the prospect for fine
crops in their respective neighborhoods.—
This, although done with the most inno
cent intentions is productive frequently of
injury to the planter, and should be avoid
ed. There is no production of our soil lia
ble to more accidents in its progress to ma
turity than cotton, and consequently there
is none about which predictions are so un
certain. From the time it is planted up to
the end of the picking season, it is subject
to a thousand vicissitudes which may in a
very short period of time reduce what pro
mised to be a superabundant crop, to a stan
dard far below the average annual product.
No prudent planter, therefore, will
place much confidence in the estimate he
may form of the number of his bales, until
the raw material is stored in his cotton
Under such circumstances the effect of
any ill-timed boasting is to impress the buy
er with the idea that the quantity in market
will reduce the price and to prevent him '
from offering its full value until the whole
crop is in market, and its actual amount as
certained. By this means the planter, who
is compelled to sell early, must take an ade
while the speculators into
all the cotton has passed, reap
the benefit sf the rise at the end of the
quate price,
whose hands
Red Riter Ratt. —Capt. Shreve has
reported to the War Department that he
cannot advantageously proceed with the
clearing out of the Red River Raft before
November. The climate is intensely hot
and sickly in summer. Laborers cannot
be obtgined in the vicinity, but must be
brought from the region of the Ohio, and
these would be dead or disabled before they
had been employed a month in summer.
He therefore recommends that the steam
boat Eradicator should be put into dry dock
and thoroughly repaired this summer, and
every thing got in readiness for an efficient
recommencement on the first of Novem
Ah historian should bo without passion
and without pension.
Faith spans th
tandge of hope.
of death with the

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