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Macon intelligencer. (Macon, Miss.) 1838-1840, May 16, 1838, Image 1

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- term**
Inieiaicencer will be published at
-. Dollarn p««* aduum, in advance, or
V "at the end of the y e » r -
No subscription taken for a shorter term
1 Six Months, aud no subscriber suffer
dthdraw (but at the option of the
k !
the Committee oi 31, who Were
instructed "to considei and iepo»t ■
the measures proper to be adopt
ed by this Convention, beg leave
respectfully to report:
That they have bestowed upon the ;
subject referred to them, the utten- I
,jo« which Us importance demiin.is.
Time does not |iernut noi does the
occasion perhaps require, an elabo
rate examination ot the subject in all
its bearings; and this is the less ne-,
cessai), as the able documents re
cently punished by the Convention,
have exhibited in the clearest light,
ami demonstrated .n the most conclu
sive manner, every point «Inch it
could he important tor us to establish,
Indeed the whole question is om-
braced in the single proposition, that ;
it is the interest and duty of the ,
Slau -holdmg States of this Union,
to improve tlieir natural advantages,
In- seeming to ihemselveB that por
t.onot iho commerce Ol the coumry ;
wbicii rightfully belongs to them; a
proposition winch, it it be not' sell-j
evident, cannot derive much support j
from argument or illustration. VV e i
rest our whole case upon the fact, i
whie.h is beyond all dispute, that the j
Southern and South-western States
furnish three fourths of the entire
domestic exports ot the whole l ition,
bile they import but little more
,i;<! productions
received from abroad in exchange '
for these exports. It 1ms been shown
in the documents published by t he
Convention, that when the imparts j
of tlie United States amounted to !
8190,000,000, those of nil the At ian- |
tic States South of the Potomac and j
the States ou the Gulf of Mexico, |
amounted to only $20,000,000, aud !
while the domestic ez{»orts ot the j
Uniun amounted to 8107,000.000,
the States of the South and South
west exported $78,000,000. South j
Carolina and Georgia, while furnish
mg exports to the extent ot 8*4,- j
000,000 actually imjiortcd less than
three millions and a half. The a
mounts have varied indifferent years,
but this may he taken as an exe.ni
plification of the condition of Sooth
ern trade. a
The mere statement bf these facts
must surely convince any unprentdic
ed iruntJ, timt this unnatural state of
affairs could only have been brought
about, by the most powerful and ex
traoi dinary causes, and that from the
veiy nature of things the effect
must have been highly injurious lo
the Southern States. Without at
. . h
tempting to trace all the causes
which liav«? had au agency in produ
ring this result, we will merely ad
vert to one of the most, dbvious, and
which is perhaps sufficient of itself,
to account for it—we allude to the j
ERal government, especially in the
mode of LEVYING and DI.sBLRsmo
the PUBLIC REVENUES. If, instead j
of throwing nearly the whole of the
public burdens, in the shape of du
ties upon those foreign goods which 1
are received almost exclusively in ex- :
change for the great staples of the !
Soiith, the revenues had been levied i
in a direct tax, (however largely ex
ceedingthe wants of the government) I
the burden would have fallen, at least !
equally, upon the different portions
of the Union. But by the system :
which was adopted, while the labor
and capital of the South was borne
^own by a weight of taxation, which
in many; instances amounted to one
half of the whole cost of the articles
received in exchange for their pro
Auctions, the labor aud capital of
ether portions of the Union, were
substantially exempt from taxation,
an <! evë» stimulated bv enormous
bfi; tnties. Nor did the evil stop here,
Under tlie pretext of encouraging
4 'domestic industry," duties on *for
««"goods were imposed to an a- of
?he'zr nt, f exc tr( itts the wan, \ of
Emulated in the Northern cities, and ]
especially in New York,from whence
they were drawn only to be distnbu
le ^l among the military and naval es
'ahlishments at the North; the sur
Döners 1 "® M''"''f" 1 am0 " g P<in ' j
«fis of millions of dollar« were
^oprietors) until all an ear ages are paid.
v ^DVKRTibfcMENTS not exceeding one
nuare, « id hues) will be One Dollar for the
first iii-i Fifty Cents for every subsequent
insertion. Larger ones in proportion.
A discount of twety-five per ceut. to
those who advertise by the year.
Our advertising friends are requested to
mark the number of insertions, on their ad
vertisements they wish us to give them
otherwise they will be published until forbid
and charged accordingly*
Advertisements from a distauce must be
accompanied with the cash, or some res-;
ponsibie reference, or they will uot be pub
than one-tenth
W 1.1
OUR Libkrtv,"
VOL. 1.
NO. 2.
! expended North of the Potômaei ami
1 our wcnltli was conveyaMtom us bt
a steady stream, constantly flowing
j Northward in «.cur entas undevin
! ^ng and irresistible as the Gmt
Stream itself, which "knows no re
■ fl,,*.»' With this system, otliei in
fl ncnceg were combined, all having
t |, fc sarne Object j n view, and rending
to produce the same general result,
; (> XI these, time does not permit us to
I dwell.- f, fa sufficient for us merely
, 0 mention, the long cre.litx, thr aim
tlon system, the centralization of the
exchanges, and the concentration of
the whole patronage, power and in
fl| Jen ce of the government in favor of
the North, and especially of the city
0 fNe\y York—causes of themselves
abnndantlv sufficient, to secure them
those »dvänttgcs, against wdjjfh we
it so long struggled in vain. The ea
families under which the South labo
, ; m l, under the operation of tins sys
; tern, belong to that class which one
, of the ablest writers on political econ
om y has declared to be worse than
.'tfie barrt'iiness 0 f the soil and the
:■'{nclemeirev ufllie Heavens''—for if
; 0 ur fields were ferule ami (he licav
a e ns projutmus, the harvest was for
those, "who reaped where they had
j not sown." Under these circutn
e i stances, so far from bung an invin-!
i cible necessity, that the South and
j South-West should bo thrown into
the hands of the northern merchants,
that the exchanges shoulil he central
ized at New- Vol k; und tlmt we
should be rendered tiributary ' to our
\or1hcrn brethren . To show, that
' we have not mistaken the true char
ucter, or mutual effect of the causes
to which we have mentioned, we will
j advert to one among many facts, il
! lustrative of the truth of our position.
| Before the introduction of the i"'0
j tecting duties, a farge and profil able
| direct trmie war act it a Hi/ carried on,
! between the cities of the South and
j the polls of Europe, by Southern
merchant?, and hi Southern ships,
For several years prior to 1807, for
j instance, our imports in the city °f
Charleston amounted to several mil
j lions ot dollar» annually. I rom this :
period, under the opeiation of the :
"restrictive system," they gradually
dwindled doVVu to i«*ss lii.iu haif a mil
lion. From the period, how ever, j
when the American system received j
a fatal blow, and the Government
commenced retracing its steps, back 1
to tlie free trade system, o»n* imports
began to increase, and have been
steadily increasing ever since—thus
showing conclusively, ihe.fcrue sour- '
ces of Southern de ; r.essLÉi on the :
one hand, and of Southq^prosperi- |
ty on the other. Fre«*do»r is the v«—
ry element of the South, in vfhich j
f, i- , iii ;
"she lives, and moves, ami has her |
being." Freedom in "all thé pur-]
suits of industry" is essential to our |
well being. We look back with sur- j
prise to the fact, that a people |hw- j
j sessed of such vast advantages', should j
j have so long ami so patiently submit- |
ted to a state almost of "Colontai j
Vassalage," and w«* hesitate not to
j say that the page inourhistoiv, which
shall record the rise and progress of
the "American system" (so called )
1 will be regarded hereafter us disrep
: «table to the intelligence of the age,
! and to the public spirit and virtue of
i the American people. But, hajipilv .
for our prosperity, and we will a«l«i, i
I for the peace and harmony of the En
! ion, this system has been broken )
down—we tmst and hefaxre forever; j
: and vve are coming back, bv slow but
snVe steps, to the great principles of
free trade and unrestricted industry,
To avail ourselves, however, of all
the advantages of this great and sal
utary change in our system, it is in
dispensibly necessary, that we should 1
free ourselves from the trammels of.
Jong established habits, opinions and
It is one of the greatest evils of misgov- I
eminent,,that its effects continu« 1 long af
tor the evil, itself has been corrected, and
«nalî iàjmmercial ofiefatîons, tiré influence j
of «»WWr. 4 »»*«. is etwenwly d.ffl
] difficult tasks which any people c«n im
pose upon themselves, and if ir were not
for tlie high spirit and intelligence of our
we «pght distrust our success,
When we survey the actual position of the :
j over, »'"»"cl So ^rcoive ,1« « od \
r.ur t^ûUrw ...nritb^iriuiaiihaâL^
success. It is true we have but a low ships,
but we have shtn umber m abundance,
»ttd ultlie choicest desctption; and sure
>• 1,0 i/, 1 ' ,e ™ m ' w ,nM '"- s,b,e 10
a ,^ chances to wind, our countrv must
M ;„ nw . or later b.- exposed, may be «fc-n
liai to our prosperity, but io «ur very exis
tehee as a free people. We want als» it
is said commercial capital and credit, and
rannot n is supposed furnish such an ex
iens ' ve marb,t ' or *' >rei ^ n goods as will
CW *Î^^
>ve hrtk VatrulahoÜ,, and 'rent all
our llopos upnn {iie p ar}i lhat it ; s t})e uaU
U r,rl course of trade, to exchange directly,
j the productives of one country for'thuseof
another; and tlmt all indirect and circnj
j tous modeTof inlercoiW, must be attend
< J d by increased expense, und be therriore
^ avantageons totailI parties, thfcn the
iÄ, TÄfct® wfcn'iJiSSj*
by natural ur «rtfiei.1 l'rrtr», will. un list
; conrso j n t j, e s J wr test and most dinct line.\
! It rmist be admitted, therefore, that but for
j opposing obsiacl. s, wliichdiave-heen in
! lerposed and wiiici« have forced the com
\ merre of fhR South ont of its natural
! c ^ ,a ^ e ^ our Cotton, dice and fobacco,
w ' ,;,ld . h T f'""' "'"'I'
| fr ^ m s ; lllliM , r „ ... and in Suuifco
, s |, i()s; atld it is equally obvious, ihw die
foreign goods leceived in exchange for
| these productions would have b«*en retorn
ed to us through the same channels. Now
■ can a »y plausible reason lie assigned, why
: wa der a system offree trade , i he ex ports
; < d .® ' u, h Carolina amountirg as has been
| fr.mi Clrarleston'aml s!!runnalif > iind > "why
j t fce fovsirn wmfofor which then are ea>
i changed, ffwuld not bo importe/ dm:« ilv
1 in return?' Our harbors arc safe and com
modious, the voyage is shorter and safer,
A* e freight less. But what is of iofin
i lf< ^- v more importance, we actually pro
, T J* T E 5 V ^ BT .* CL " S are lo t,e
! 2»Zwn be r^coivx^m
j excl'iamge for ihoseexporis. Now can anv
j thing be cencçived more unnatural—more
j out of the usual and proper course of busi
J néss — «han that our Cotton wnicli is to be
j exchanged h*r tire maiurtacurres of Eng
; a,Mb s Hou!d be the first shipped to New
j/j^Vt^b^him ^trin-N ' uT ^ j r ^ mer "
~ Ur,, " b ' M , l M 1 * ,u< se,,t
: j |ît() gj-ip-i, goods—wiirch are io be
: fi r . st iniporteS huu Now YJrk, and from
ffienctî. fmw*rd d to Chnrlesfon—ilu^re
be sold to the Carolina merctipnt, and
j paid for in bilks at 0 per cent. Comp the
j '»«mber <>f agenciez employed in this,
,ransa f f k )n > su m up *h® freight,insurance,
1 co na,,ï>s,ons » i'»oiii.s and ou«er cnaiges;
- 1rtnt . C|1J , 0 . *. , , „ ,
oém eutertaid.» dohhr. thatji such
I« trade can be raffed mi at all, « direct,
' insert and export trade, (if there be no
: obstacle interpiised.) must be infinitely
| li1or, ' profitable? ^ Under similar dmim
t *' ( ' rapital requaed u> carry on
j [j ieindl!ec * T ' a(le be much greater,.
than that which would fee needed in die di
| rftct J|; , Jnpd It J er " , v ^ em ofmu
lua j ,, Xf |, a|l?t , s< 0 f our productions, for
| t j,oie of Europ«^ ii«e capital required," un
j der a well ordered system of commercial
j arrangements, would be comparatively
j small. Credit might, to a great extent,
| supply tlm place of capital, and such-a
j trade might be ctmdiicted on principles,
' ,odl ® f'Jf'J^ r 1 H , ar *
I« west^rates- 0 '^hite* the merchant
t j l( , an '| HV ery other class in
the community,' would particip'aie largely
in i.be advantages «if such a trade. °
But let this direct intercorsn be
once established, and capital would
. soonfow in from all quarters, to
i ply any deficiency that »night be found i
to exist. The great, law of demand t
and supply, would not leave us long
vvithout a'money <;apital^j|rtlly ad- j
equate to all the operations of trade. |
go with regard to the market fo* the
foreign goods, which itndfc this sys
lem vvnuid be receivedour South
er.n Sea; »oils. Obtaining them, ns
vve should be able to da, at less cost
than they could |>os.siMy be procured ;
through Nevv-York, wo would un
questionably be able to ^dispose ^>f
them, on advantageous terms at least
to the extent of our om demand fdr
those goods; and this? alone, would
increase eur direct importations to
six times thefa present amount,
j fo ^ thB eonsamp.ion of the South
7* thr ","= h hor t mvu e°7-
tiön Sn 0u7i.XwbM.muM change'
the entire face ol the country, ami
pour a flood of wealth and prosperity
through every part of our land. But
it fa on«; of the most important and
intcresting features of our system,
J| ,at -« is com K cU;\ with
A connection between ti.e South and"
west by the various schemes now io
ufogress in Virginia ,Notlh and
10 Soittn Carolina, Georgia and 4 la
bao.u, wall furnish an „„Hot for „I,
tho " 0 p d * s tbat can be r ^>ved/rpm
«Oroad n» exchange for our produc
And when the great West
it shall flod a Market and receive her
supplies through the Sea Ports of the
South a demand will be furnished the
extent and value of which cannot be
t0 ° h "^ y 0Stimate<K Let these'our
v " r:m "' schemes, therefore, for the
extension of our interior connexions,
he prosecuted wit a zeal and energy
worthy of the object. Let no un
wmlby jealousies,—no narrow, or
merely sectional views disturbe that
j harmony of feeling anil concert of
aelioti, which are so essential to sue
8 - .
list I -«erearesome c.m.mstaneeseon
n<*cted with Hie present condition of
j the country, which may serve to
! ahiinate our zeal, encourage our
j eiforts, and urge us to that prompt
j action on which our success may
' depend. ÖUR GREAT .stifle, has
boonoe "THE commo.n eta-.
Kt ' tv °t. T »E Worlii. It i*
great meéimnof exchange, regul *tiag
an ^ controlling, to a cousiderai>le ;
extent, the commercial operations ,
both oi Europe and Amenta. ÏHiiing
the suspension of specie payments, if '
4 affords «ilmost the only means of,
obtaining those credits abroad, on |
»hielt Northern Commerce i has
j h c rel°f°re mainly reiteti for its su|i-:
I i )ort# This great stapie, is our own. :
J Tiie revolutions, which have
recently taken place in the com
: incrcial world—the failures and do
struct rain of credit in New-York, and
the stoppage of tli
in Great Britain, has brought
acri - siy P« CI,liar| y favorable to
v ' ews * Here is o^r cotton lying at
our very doors—the produce of
own beides, ond furnishing it this j
| time the only medium of exchange ;
for the manafact rire» of Europe.—
Why should our own merchants not
use it for this pur jrose ? 1'hedoor is j
, JOW open to us, and we have hut to I
erltfti ' an « ttl ke possession, o! thâtJ
! %donga tdl^ts. |f we improve
;oltho opportunity, tire victory will be
, ours. Tlie "tide in our affairs," i.r
; at rba ffood. Let us launch upon it
bravely, and it will' assuredly "
j ns.on ■ tp fbrtuti«^." Out should this
jg| f j f döf»is opportunity^'be lost—our gal
faut B;uk, instead of riding the,datv
w ' lte * tn triumph may b** «Iriven :
omong the breakers or dashed upon i
' th p rocks, or at best be again invol-1
j vod in those "eddies and shallow«!,''
; from which vve may never more h«'/ ;
I to escape. Even the " Pilot
w j 10 XV eathers the storui," may be :
n i. .. •
.Tomjielfail to" give up me ship, vvmm
; desert ^ by tlie crew and left in
'.«mffHm 1 so utterly hopeless.
The measures which are deemed
by 11m com mit tee proper to be a<!op? «id,
in or«ler lo carry these views into
f*ffe«;t. are embodied in distract
prdjiositiotis, which are herevrît!» sui»
niittetl to the Convention. Thtvy'of
< - m ( ,rare a strong a ml emptiutic dti
of the feelings and opinions
of the Convention on the importance
of a direct import and export trade,
an«l the duty of adopting all proper
tifeans for the purpose of establishing
sup-jamb-promoting it. They recommend,
i in tiro neA't place,strong, earnest, and
t reiterated appeals, to the tinder
-standingand feelings «ff all th^, peo-'sarv
j pi© interested, with a view, to enlist
| their sympathies—excite*! heir paid
otism, and to call into r.ctioman
eiilightemu! public opinion in for
'ïheranceof our viewl. An adjourned
meeting of the Convention to be aeul
<« this place, on the third Monday in
; October »lext—an address to the pet»
pie of me slavchoîdimÿ- States, urn!
the adoption of otfafîv smtahle mea
snres to secure a represent at ion,
at that convention from all the States
interested, ova among tlie measures
recommended. In looking to the
essential objects of providing capita!,
«ml emtö «s wed ns n« our
cal measures Iiave been recoimm-ii
ded, which if carried info effect, was.
it is confidently believed,go v er v lar, <»
to put our Merchants on a Rioting
with those of the North. Anearnest
callI ts »■»«" "l» n
merican houses
safr^To tinuneetvis^in.l ; it The inane
tioife we» café, tinted t*. furnish «11 the I
facilities, which the dtrecl trade will
require. • Apian for emahziv" ohr
. „„
the credit of pur Batiks during tbè
suspension of specie payments, has
also been devised, which it is most
earnestly desired, mav be carried into
effect by them it is not to be con
cealcd. that without the aid and sun- I
port of the Banks, the difficulties in
way will be irreal I v multiplied. |
It will depend npon «hem, in * grout !
measure, to determine the fate of our
great enterpnze. In order to divert
capita! and credit from other pur
j suits, into the dm une is of Commerce,
an appeal is also made to Pin nient,
Capitalists, and others, îo avail them- j
selves of the provisions of the Acts of ;
tl,e Le S isl « i,r * oftf,c T"™! •''■«>»
-passed during the last ... j
autiioirzing limited jmr'ttnsfups : and !'
it is recommended that the youth of
our Country should be directed to ;
Commcrcia! pursuits, and prepared '
by a suitable education to fiil the i
resjtonstlile station, and elevate the j
high char actor of liie Southern Mm
i Iiesc, anil other sogges-1
lions embraced in the Resolut iqus |
; eonstitnte the measures reeommentl- j
, ed io the Convention for their <dO|>- ;
tiou. It wdi be seen that they em- *
' »»race a series of measures of a pruc
lieu! character, all believed to be well
| calculated to promote l be objects for
tvi, ich they are ilesigneil. t . It is ttne.
tlmt we can do no more than to urge
: the adoption of tliese measures on the
part of the flanks, and of hers intrf^^P
ed. But when it is recollected that Î.
this Convention is composed of
two hundred Delegat«
that they are engaged in a matte»- of
deep pnldicmnetra, involving flw iccl
'-fate prosperity, and » honor' tef these
Slates it con hardly he believed, that
j their deliberate oj»ini«irrs and earnest
I recommendations can be without
effect. Our duet dependauee aflor
all however must be upon publie
opinion l —but we have too
confidence m the irutli anti justice of
.our cause to enfertama do»»b< of ;:ur
lead^success, jf every member «ff fliis ns
sernbfv will regard it as his own
mrsonalconcern ,—as welius n sacred
the,datv wuudi he owes io hrmsidf. hm
jiosterity and his country—to use ins
utm«*fit effort to advance the great
work. Judging from the past
have n«> cause to distrust i he future,
Six months ago the first meeting of
the convehtHpiiok ptn ce at Augu»fa.
ft was comjiosiNt of 80 members rep- :
.• , m
iresenf.ng two kStafcs and one 1er
aintory. Now : vve have five States and f
jone Territory represtaited by or»e :
'hundred and eighty members. The
proceedings of that «ss«?mbly have
gone abroad, and wherever they have j
'been receive«!, have produced n
-powerful in0ii<*tn*e on public ooinmn,
wiirdi v.v have iiie most. g . uiifvlug
evidence irt the l J egin«itfan of.severul
States on «nie of their r«»cpinm«mda
lions, an«l l he increased interest every
where felt in the subject ol their
deliberations. Thus encourageo. vve
shook I go on in that confide»e*r whim
a good cause should «ever tad to
inspire, But to secure success, vve ;
must be prepared U» muh«' the neces- j
efforts. Ot one thing vve may j 0
be assn red that this great victory can
not., easily he achieved. It i» t h
order of a vvise and benmeenf piovi
deuce, that ^nothing nu.v gu*a ot
good, can be ouaitiet vvii Kui jMiri» }
ami labor. ,
1 bis, is the price u uc j ni,l ' r *
P a,<1 to secure success ; mu ii vv«'a c ;
not préparen t«» nm e m noci p^>
exertions, we mils y I _*
rtoranoiiruii-my »o, t ' ' p ' -.T
piished > n tl au .V' ' ^ (
changes m the coin it *on oj tie««.»
try, must ,ie worKed 0« a
degrees. Wo may be a * s ' '
(Nat nml.mg s!lurt ? ,**7.*
«" iiis -
; * . • c „ n enable us, to work <
. 'rïïmm'iei eaivniion. ««*
<» • lvrg then, with the .
thut our in ogress in this
^ cheered by
^ *»'' lp5 uf ' '''
tivo slates and one Territory, an«l
when vve consider the weight of]
cliaracter, influenae amt ackntm'lerfjr
eti talcpts O. those who Compose it
and when above all, we romeinhe ;
n><icb ]
hef»jat<*<j by I tu pu» est motive», and
ffetti "all tWends ,ve aim at,
countryV'—we tmm nevertheless bo
prepared for all manner of opposition.
The measures vve propose come into
com', c .viih too many deeply rooted
prejudices!, and too many adverse
Witeiig s, to enable us to hope, that
even onr motives shall escajK* de
traction, and our purposes infarepre
We have those arolitifl
ns whose prospects in life, in a great
measure depend upon the defeat Of
our plans. *
A large portion of he Union—vifich
I i"'>. at home and abroad, will Icr.n.d
»" viio,h to, deprive of oublie
!, nd io drive .> s from m»r reur
^ Äf' ""
„ , „ 1 ,,Mn
.pursuit If rSctir'w" " ^ ^
slmtl bo cbanW wi U uiflenpr..i » ' »rli
«-es, and unkind feelings ff, w *»rdsomNiT
them brethren, (feeling which are stran
I ? t ' rs w* our bosoms.) and thaï stale ih.n- h
P ofent slander «il! b<> revived ,.f n »stili
| TY ™ T,,E ! 7fiI .
! ," f
MORP __ 5fuf , ar( . not tjna | tefa h K (]
ed, to «m on in our course, "throush>o«,d
repo.», q»d through evil repnr,"—it wo
are not firmly and «mchangqaßlyresolved,
*>. trample down all opposition—'it would'
j ,ie that we should stop hero, and
; a .!!i irn, , ,: to Avance no further. These
j ft , !v ..ropireä a, man d»,„. |f »V «"
!' m ,e to oorsdv.s, we shall most assuredly
triumpfi overall obstacles,
; character, inteilip nee, and influence,
' whirl? compoR»'difs Convention, properly
i ,,ntl ^«loudy •xene*|. can never be p cT
j DOWN *. U ».yas ccrtuin <u f . ri>m*> «»i iho
î ÏÏT'f .
if lV( , an> onlv arH1 ] t „ make ,|„. ^
| ^ Necessary to tf»e accomplislunent of
j the good work.
; slamlers *>.f our enemies and in the rich
* fruits of a noble ami peaceful victory, will
find onr liest reward. Th* peculiar uisij
ua ' o0S4 ^ 'he South will be for.ififd and
sne y h , ,if,t , ' ,p strparn f '*J. H r,c,! a ' ,rf
TÎT^TH ?.T. , , ? "t
j n j os , r , 1 '
Î. handmaids «r virtue
,, .
n f ^ s 'Yu7 t ' '.IÜ-h* 1 »« îo»*m»ral
of tm« tJeoaii ex >re»sfd in *i general
,„ t , n , K>r ^ JÎJV opposition to rliis-hil!, I in, ist
f ,f, m ] an ajH.logy for ««ain addressing tlie
: Senate,- în the'ack«mwfedg* > <l import<ui^e
of d>e measure, iho novelty *»f its rl arar
j«er,»n«l rh«? division .jef «q»in-m> tesp^-tmr
j h w!:;ch is known to exist in >«n boost-c
^ ^beeide in thhi state .*f tli'ngs te
° ^.n-MMlersnpe m tin? si«!«- of rbi
„ hi«*}» I . mi r*«-«
p,, |r ,.- tfam I' »»jdii io liufM-; bu: ! <'•
|pVd that J Uav«* «low all that my duty dt
mauds, «m il I mata^noffier efl*
The lunctiosis of this butfinw'...
|j!, o7ihc * maaff e
,® ^ which*rcsp«*ct' commerce and ;'m
Ti|p hii} | Jof - or# , m UtUC \ U '» both
; j ies<1 inrercsts. It pn*p«»sos t» act.
,;j M>c q v on ti„. revenue cxpcndiime
0 # , { »e G «vi»r«}my.m, and a fs cfppried ta
an? «Iso, indirectly on cummercc aiiUj e
pwiriK-v.— .ley-s^net^s
^^'J^dliv a pn-at portmii ofC«.«i
flntJ lhl , c<Mjr , t ry, to be iiglispensi
} . lv f ! f , mRn ded by uu* present exigency,
We have arrived, Mr. Presideur, p
wards die close of bait a c*«twy******
; ,d«)ption of if«* c ^' , f J" 1 !* .-[.yf
of four*m\Uh>m f
or t ; mflliom; wir
ftl ' l ' iri . e from little or um fang, to »»expert
( ,V a humlrcrf*»»'! ninety imllkms,
isnp()r; ; .f a !y»n'r* d ai;d tw iv'-« ^
a half n i ii !l ^ « .^Luto
cautile «,»»»»&«* Hppr.»nciH*Ma<_
-» 5S.kür«iwÄ*"
< «»rr«u>cy, wm- m a (h< fis« «••»'««
J*"l 'Ä r
. . , ' 'j c»p»»-ff ° f f f, '.
*. *^' M |Wr beyond all * ni ; s
''' ' ' " 1 '
ur«* our
snppi r - i s of
; as V >»•!«» rv
î i
Now, i !
n f coii
wt'.aro not fully
this, a?id
«'t< rnnn
The hiuli
VVc shalHiv« down tlie
add ?/> our wealth
r* !'*r
miproV«» the clifif-ic«;-r
CivffKatiori and rrfnu ih* i,
will a dor it bu
i and the great truth will he se* u. a»«
j fell, and »ekm»wled md. that of all th.» *
j eiaf fbmlitioiis of man, tlie most favorable
! jo the dovejopeim nt iff the card na! va
lues of die In ari and the noblest ta^nhies
r 'Hr
.. ,.r..raon.n. ol ,, rivale
happiness and public prosperity, is bar of
; sî.Avc-hot ding communities under free
politic a i institutions— a »ruth Hirdlv
' et understood amofig om selves bm wiiicb
»he fotre history of the«*- Suites, fa, vve
»rust, destined to illustra a*. Animated bv
diese venl ifnepts, »ml rnffuem c;i bv t lit »so
views—and with a firm reiium o upon di
vine Providence—-let the nr tuber., t.f this
Cmuemion now pledge themselves fo
each other,and tiMb^ir country, .o c. » por
] ward— fi.mly rasolved, u> leave nolliing
Tundone »hat mny advance our "re"» and
phM'iottt' iiMifi. Lf t 'is he prepared to
make every persmmi sacrifice, and to use
a!! jus» and honorable moans, for die ac
complishment of onr urent vrorf—unal
»eraHv detprniined to persevere unto
Deliver d March 12, 1838.
find a» cx*
T hr

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