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T1I13 OKOLONA MESSENGER.
CERflANFS BARBAROUS POLICY BUILT ON A FOUNDATION OF MOST VICIOUS PHILOSOPHY For Centuries the Worst that Emanated from the Fertile Minds of Men of Evil Genius I Have" Been Adopted for Base of the German Propaganda By JOHN LEISK TAIT. Why should we subscribe to a Third liberty Loan? a Why should the United States be in the world war at all? . 1 Do the people of Germany, and those ,ot the Teutonic alliance generally, sympathize with the alms and pur poses of the German government? Or are they simply bowing to conditions 'they are unable ip mend yielding un ; willing assents to a , war they would not wag el if they could have their way? What Teally caused the war? When 'may the world hope for Its ending? , AH these and hundreds of other kin dred questions have been answered, and are daily being answered in a lozen different ways. For the most part, the answers are based upon su perficial and very partial aspects of the matter, and are, necessarily, only partly satisfactory and partly true. If we would really understand the significance of the world war we muHt 'pdelve among certain musty manu scripts that lie mouldering in the li braries of the German universities. We must read what the masters of the Oermanlc philosophy have written. We must learn what the Teutonic mind las been taught what it has been jthinking. In what it has been believ ingand the reasons and the prin ciples upon which it has based its be lief.,. We must get the mental setting 'of Germany past; for only in the light of this shall we be able to actually i comprehend the mental phenomena "that underlie the attitude and the acs of the Germany of the present. ; Regardless of any sympathy, or lack of sympathy, that may exist between the German government and the Ger rman people whether the blame for ;the war, and in particular for its un precedented brutalities, rests upon the Hohenzollern caste alone or upon the whole mass of the people of Germany it Is to the philosophy of Germany ;that we must look for the real cause -of this' bloody iniquity. For? mediately or immediately, Germany has been, made the bloody instrument of a false philosophy a philosophy that bloomed tin the blatant blasphemies of jNietzsche and fruited upon the blood laoaked fields of France and Belgium and Servia and Roumania and Meso potamia and Russia. ' This is a philosophy that commends iTJ-boat outrages against undefended, 'neutral merchantmen and passenger .a'-ips upon the high seas; that gloats over the mangled forms of little'chll Znn slain in Zeppelin roads upon non combatants;, that honors the Judas ambassadors who stir up sedition and plot . against the neutral nations to which they have been accredited un less they commit the unpardonable of ifense of falling to obliterate complete ly the evidences of their duplicity ' It would be interesting, if space per mitted, to go far back and trace the development of this fearful philosophy and to identify the channels through !-which it has been, transmitted from reat antiquity. For it had its roots many centuries ago and is not a prod uct, merely, of the present age. That iit found a friendly environment among Ithe Teutonic peoples, and particularly among their universities, many cen urles ago, no one who reads history with an unbiased mind will attempt o deny. But we must be content with men tioning only two or three philosophers of comparatively recent times. These Are cited, not so much for what they originated as because they gathered Into definite and transmissible form r.o 'many of these iconoclastic doctrines vhich, maturing slowly beneath the 'aurface of German thought, were des tined to find their ultimate expression In the writings of Frederick Nietzsche. Iniquity knows no fatherland. Hence it need cause no surprise that one of the most potent factors in shaping tho Germanic philosophy was not of Gor man origin. In Nicoolo Machlavelli, an ItalUCn courtier of the Renaissance, appeared the unblushing champion of such brazen intrigue as startled even the most unscrupulous diplomats of liis day. It required the mellowing in fluence of a century or two, combined with the varnishing imparted by inter preters more or less Temoved, to 50 far soften his pernicious teachings 11a to make them acceptable to any but an avowedly unprincipled people. Yet Machlavelll's precepts, so softened, un questionably went far toward prepar ing German soil for the more virile sowing of Nietzsche. They tended, at least, to break down lingering scrupu lousness and to breed contempt for the moral law. In Schopenhauer Nietzsche, found his earliest master; and, although he parted from him later on, it is to Schopenhauer, principally, that he owes his characteristic doctrine of the Will to Power. In Schopenhauer, it is true, this was merely the Will to Live, Nietzsche carried that doctrine to its logical conclusion if the Machiavel lian Influence ia rrrpprly taken into con.3 deration. " Schopenhauer perceived tt'at the Will a Live caused evi ar, w.Ml as good that it produced avarice, lust, murder, as well as industry and cour age. The high priest of misanthropy, ,he maintained that the evil outweighed She good; and taught that true happi 'ness would be impossible until man ibecame able to kill Will with Will; that Is to say, until the Will to Live was willed out of existence and man reduced himself, voluntarily, to asceti cism. . But asceticism held no attractions jfor Nietzsche. His was not the. type of intellect that submits tamely to prescription; and, while he readily ac cepted Schopenhauer's premise of the Will to Live, he very qulckl. diverged from him as to the conclusions to be drawn therefrom. He held, on the con trary, hat true happiness,' or at any rate true heroism, lay in stiff-necked indifference toward all "the ills that flesh is heir to," and particularly, in the annexation of whatsoever desir able things one could find, regardless of any other's claims, or rights to them. His "Zaratbustra," discoursing kf the superman, exclaims: ,' I "Why so soft, so tender, so concili atory? Why is such selfdenial in your hearts? Such little consciousness of destiny in your look? This new table, O my brethren, I write above you: BECOME HARD!" There was but one logical develop ment for a man of Nietzsche's type, given such a starting point. He be came the supreme egoist of all ages; and in his blaring egotism crystallized Into definite and coherent propositions all those errant and rebellious eccen tricities which had characterized Ger man thought. He gave to the Germanic philosophy , its full and final expres sion. It was thus that Germany found in Frederich Nietzsche the fitting spokesman for all apostles of brutal ity. He became at once the heir and the administrator of all revolt against delicacy and decency. He was com mitted, absolutely and wholehearted ly,' to fconoclasm. These revolutionary tendencies had long sheltered in the shadows of the German universities; and it remained only for later days to bring forth one who might declare them "as one having authority." In the half-mad, ego-ridden Nietzsche, with his brain of lava and his pen of flame, Germanic philosophy found its spokesman. To other peoples Nietzsche was merely a phenomenon. His writings were to be read and admired for their thundering and flaming rhetoric. They were not to be accented literally; they were too subversive of all that civiliza tion stood for. No man, it was felt, could so write of these things and real ly mean exactly what he wrote. A legion of reviewers swarmed over his books, adapting, construing, interpret ing, each according to his own fancy, the passionate fulminations . of this past master of invective. . But to Germany, or at least to the leaders of German thought, Nietzsche spake as a prophet.' In their ears his scathing doctrines became, not rhet oric, but religion. And his vision of the superman, ruthless, hard, taking without scruple, injuring without qualm, a law unto himself this was the false god after which Germany went avidly astray. x , "In our present civilized world," de clared Nietzsche, "we know only the DEGENERATE criminal .... the criminal who distrusts himself,' who often seeks to belittle and excuse 'his act; and we try to forget that Ji VERY GREAT MAN WAS A CRIMINAL; only not in miserable style, but 'in great atyle. We fcrget that EVERY 9REAT ACT IS A CRIME." And so we find our iconoclast, who began with accepting Schopenhauer's harmless Will to Live, evolving the Will to Power. He no longer holds merely that "self-preservation is na ture's first law he proclaims that it is right and lawful that he who can shall take whatever he will provided only that it adds to and does not de tract from his ability to take yet mora ruthlessly whatever his neighbor may have that pleases his sovereign fancy. Nietzsche had reached the point where he held himself 'above the moral law and reversed or tried to reverse, all accepted standards of right and wrong. Nor did he cease with this; for the prophet, perorce, must . justify his prophecy. In the closing chapter of hia book, "Der Anti-Crrist," he sealed the very summit of blasphemous presump tion and gave free and final rein to his furious invective. Here he writes: "I condemn Christianity. I bring against it the most terrible of accusa tions that ever an accuser put into words. It is to me the greatest of all Imaginable corruptions. It has le'ft nothing untouched by its depravity. It has made a worthlessness out of every value, a lie out of every truth, a sin out of everything straightforward, healthy and honest It lives by pain and woe; it has created pain and woe in order to perpetuate itself. It invent ed the idea of oWmal sin. It Invent ed the equality of souls' before God that tover for all the rancor of the useless and base. It combats all good, red blood, all lore and all hope for life, with its anaomlc ideal of holiness. It sets up 'the other world' as a nega tion of every reality. The cross is the rallying post for a conspiracy against health, beauty, well-being, courage, in tellect, benevolence against life it self. . . . This eternal accusation I shall write upon all walls: I call Chris tianity the one great curse, the one great, Intrinsic depravity V . . for which no expedient is sufficiently poi sonous, secret, subterranean ' and mean. I call it the one immortal shame and blemish upon the human race." ' Nor is he kindlier toward Judaism toward the Judaism of later days, at least. He has words of admiration. indeed, for that warrior nation which came flaming out of Egyptian bondage to the conquest of Palestine; this ac corded with his ideal superman. But that Judaism which followed the Baby lonian captivity excites only bis bitter contempt. And his dissertation upon the origin of morality, as taujht by Jewish history, is one of the most characteristically Nletzschean of all that he has written. In the last analysis, Nietzsche taught a dual system of morality a master morality for his beloved superman and a slave morality for the masses who were too impotent, too spiritless or too foolish to make headway against the predatory proclivities of their masters. And in the earlier Hebrew, the man of war and conquest, swarming into a land of milk and honey and making it his own by the edge of his sword putting its men, women and children to a bloody death be beheld his su perman, with whom God was synony mous with strength, power," beauty, courage, ruthlessness, ferocity, because these things contributed to the exer cise and realization of his Will to Power, and gave him added greatness and supremacy. But when the Jews were carried into captivity when they were no longer masters, but slaves the reversed con ditions of their lot (reasoned Niet zsche) reversed for them the defini tion of God.' Resort to the sword be came, then, the worst thing in the world for them; it meant extermina tion. Unable to combat their masters with the sword, they resorted to the supreme weapon of the slave (as Niet zsche styles it); they adopted the moral law as their instrument in the irrepressible struggle for supremacy. And . thus the characteristics of cow ardice, timidity, obsequiousness the marks of the slave were elevated into virtues. They became love of one's enemies, obedience to God, meekness of heart; and the suppressed envy, malice and covetousness of these en slaved , people -were -thus transmuted, through the alchemy of the moral law. Into their opposite virtues. Thus in Christianity Nietzsche beheld the su preme triumph of the slave over the truly great and powerful and good. It is characteristic of the Germanic philosophy, however, that in spite of Its terrific condemnation of Christian ity it would not abolish this. Niet zsche's objections to both Christianity and the moral law are based, not upon their Intrinsic qualities, but upon the fact that they impose restrictions upon the ruthlessness and aggressiveness of the superman. He would' even per petuate Christianity and the moral law, as means of more easily control ling the "slaves." , Such, in brief, are the teachings of the Germanic philosophy. ' It is to that philosophy that Ger many's policies of treachery and in trigue, of falsehood and deceit, of ruthless brutality and unblushing vio lation of every law that humanity holds sacred, are directly attributable. In the eyes of Germany the Hohen sollern caste are supermen; and as such clothed with divine right to mur der and pillage and lay waste, to lie and Intrigue and to do whatever else may promise to further their own sov ereign Will to Power. Herein lies the key to the character of Kaiser Wilhelm, and of Hlndenburg and of Von Tirplti and of all the long list whose names have become anath ema upon the lips of civilization. This explains the wanton tearing of that "scrap of paper" which breached the Belgian frontier and poured a flood of barbarism upon an unoffend ing people. This is the reason the horrible unreason that lies back f,t the slimy, midnight activities of the most perfectly organized system of espionage the world ever saw, and that projected and maintains the brutal and cowardly "untersee" outrages against international law upon the high seas. It was this philosphy which inspired the war song, "Deutschland uber Alles!" Until, civilization shall have taught Germany the intrinsic horrlbleness of this philosophy until the . nations shall have absolutely discredited both it and its adherents there can be no abiding peace. And this is the answer to many questions about the great struggle. ' Surely no one who understands what has brought it on, and what is nerving the German arm to continue the strife, can entertain for a moment any thought of compromise. Indeed the one great danger looming over the world today is not that you or I. or a million more like us, may lose our lives, but that a premature peace may leave the nighty principles for which the Allies are fighting the principles of law, of justice, of humanity, of civ ilization, of Christanity itself unvin tiicated. . -( . Jt is for that vlndln ";"Va;a hit this horrible philo-v";'- "dln" U Vsked to do what -!1 of W-rk, i l tho rduU'tiriptio' 11s, anil j 2: The Self-Feeder for Hogs Okolona, Miss., R. F. D. 3, For the benefit of those who may want to try the self feeder, I will tell my experience with them. In the latter part of Jan uary, Mr. Lee Henderson built me a self feeder ,on the pattern of those at the M. & F. Bank and later I put up 11 shotes and and began to feed them cotton seed meal and corn. The 11 shotes weighed 981 pounds. Hogs of this size were selling at 13 cents the week I be gun feeding. At 13 cents they would have brought $127.53. I fed them 30 bushels of corn and $2.75 worth of cotton seed meal. At $1.75 for the corn my feed cost me $55.25. When I sold the hogs they weighed 1440 pounds and brought me $230.40. The increase due to feeding was $102.93. To after deduct ing the cost and selling them my feed at a good market price, I had $47.75 for my trouble. I think the self feeder is the best way to feed fattening Hogs that I have ever tried. r E. M. Sullivan. The good results obtained by the self feeder continue to come in. Last Saturday I rode to Arte sia with Mr. N. E. Cook, bf the Chalk Bluff neighborhood, and he gave me the results of the feeding experiment which he put would have brought $92.75, mak ing a total of $95.75 for feed. When sold the hogs weighed 1975 and brought the top of the market here or 16 cents. His called for $316 00. subtracting from this the total cost, it will be found that he had $70.25 for hi3 labor. He estimated that his total time consumed in feeding and watering was not over 21 hours for the entire six weeks. In other words, for two days lahcr he $ot $70.25. a little over $3P.00a day. I only hope the day will come when the Demonstra tion agents can earn aa much. The thing I want to call your attention to is the fact that an average of the three different feeding tests shows that the hogs paid over three dollars a bushel for the corn if the cost of labor is left out of consideration. The only thing you have to do to make money is to get more good hogd. You can afford to buy corn and pay $1.75 a bushel for it. That is what the big hog ranch down at Aberdeen is do ing. They are buying both hogs and corn and putting them to gether and walking off with the profits. Why don't you do it right on your own firm. People have been unloading, so many good healthy unfinished hogs on the Okolona market that Col. Edens has gone into the feeding ' business on a large scale. He i has put about 350 hogs on his alfalfa field north of town where He started feeding his a couple th are mak ng splend.d gams of weeks later than his bother Carl and fed six weeks instead of four, and he used the self feeder for the whole period. His pigs when he put them up on corn and alfalfa Col. Edens says the bunches ! of self fed hogs that he has bought have all been exlra good. I think Okolona is destined to become one of the leading hog- T:Z "w,rriV" ''producing centers of Mississippi, said they would have brought:?;,, ar u ,m Z.u. . . There were over $5000.00 worth 12 ceilla mat weert, aa buhic ui , the same were sold by one of his neighbors for that price. He fed them 53 bushels of corn and $3.00 worth of cotton seed meal. The corn at $1.75 per. bushel of ho43 marketed here a couple of Saturdays ago and about $4000.00 worth the Saturday before that. In connection with profitable hog feeding it is well to empha size the value of the soy bean. Many people who are not famil iar with it confuse it with the velvet bean. While the velvet bean runs on the corn and does damage to a certain extent, the soy bean grows up straight like cotton and, like cotton, sends down a tap root into the subsoiL Here it takes its nourishment from the stratas that the corn roots never reach. It crowds out the coukle burr and shadesu the ground and so conserves moisture and at the same time has been known to divide its air- derived nitragen with the corn growing along with it. These are some of the '.facts and rea sons that support the claim that soy beans do not damage corn one bushel. I have seen numbers of fields where this was the case. On the other hand it is possible to raise from ten to twenty bushels along with the corn. A good, average produced by the farm ers around Wren, In Monroe county, is 15 bushels. At $3.0fc a busnel this is $45.00, or as much as the corn is worth. Two men can easily gather 30 bush els a day. The gathering js the only eltra expense outside of the seed. In this time when we need money so bad the man Who overlooks this chance to pick tip some extra money 13 throwing away his opportunity. When Speed Becomes Dangerous. Mrs. Rose Pastor Stokes, speaking at the 3rst annual conference of the Amerlcau Museum of Safety in New York, says iat speed is the real prob lem of labor. It ia not that machin ery is bo dangerous, she says, bat what la called industrial efflclencr keys the workers up to a pitch that means in time mental and physical exhaustion. She says that up to ft certain point a worker can lncreae speed, and that after that it begins) to decline. Business compels the mU titude of the owners of factories, ah says, and they do not realiae how they grind down the girls in their seekint for efficiency. r U 0 (I 0 (i i) 0 u U 0 9 U 0 I) 0 u 0 u e? ti 0 0 n .0 A . 0 1 m in it as WITH a huge army of our boys "over there," it means that every man jack of us forced to stay home to "carry on" this country's business S must do MANY TIMES as much work as he did before. He must take the places of the boys "over there.' The American people and the United States government, in this hour of economic trial, have declared the motor car to be an Indispensable . f Utility. . 1 ' , ' '' ' '. . We must win by Efficiency 9nd Efficiency means' transportation. '. In the Paige Essex "Sixy" thousands of business men, professional men. energetic men, patriotic men have found the surest and most economical means of multiplying their efficiency. It has proved their best invest' ment for their effectiveness, their country and the CAUSE. The Paige Essex is a war necessity. ' ' 7-passeriuer $1830; Coupe Six-5r' 4-rwssenger 12850: Town eJan ' aix-i; -passenger zou; uarcrimonc Essex "5ix-5" Car "Six-55" 7 -passenger )2)0 Limousine "Six-55" 7 -passenger SJ2M); "bix-)V 4-oassenser I 4 Linwood "Six-W" 5-rmsrnrr S1W5; Glendele "Six-39 Chummy Roadster I139J; Cabriolet "Six-W lo90; Dartmoor "Six-W X or J-passenger U9S; Sedan "Six-)" 5-passenger $1925. All Price f. o. b. Detroit. PAIGE-DETROIT MOTOR CAR COMPANY. DETROIT, MICHIGAN GEORGE H. PHELPS, Dealer OkolofiH, n M . . ,. t ,11 M ' it : !i , ' 1 , I i . it Mississippi M if I