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LI O 1Y1UJ l'AL'jaVt K, EIlTO R -Mm M i WEDNESDAY, U'CIST 22, - 1860. - - '- - FOIi PRESIDENT, John C. Breckinridge, OV liEVri'CHY. . - 1F$H tICJS PRESIDENT, -J-osoph Lane, . or OKEUO.V. F&ESiDEXTML. ELECTORS. " " - State at farae. . i. C. GI.r.N.V, of rTarrison. ., A..K. J5LVTUK, of Yallobusha. , ',, l'irtt CongrfMitmul Dintrirt. ' J. V. CLAPP, of Marshall - . - foeomi Di'trirt. RICHARD 11AUKISOX, of Monroe. ' Third Dittrict. "j P. F. I.!nini.L, of CarrolL ' ' Fourth Jittrirt. . ' LIVINGSTON MIMS, of Hinds. fifth D'mtrict. . L. B. CUKISMAX, of Lawrence. 5 National IXliiocriillc Mat form. H M-fi-il at llrirlfitolji tu'ijnrilff nf the Commit . trr. ihil Ka.ii"'y atb'jiUdut Hu'limore. oWiwd, Tliat the pint lor m mli-pted by tlie Penio crutie party at t.'ini iniiiiti is ullii nicd, with tlie following 1i!:iik:ui'V rrMoliitioiut: ; first That the (iuvuniincnt of Territory organ iti'tl l.jr nn act of ConpreNJ Li proviiiitiiiul and tcno rary, unl diu ilijj it a existence nil citizens of tlie I'ni tcd' St.ite have nn oti:l rijrlit to nettle with tlieir property ill tlc Territory, without their righu, either of person or (iin-K-riy, licing destroyed or injured by rS-TM 'CT. "oven, .tntpKle which endued. The Union, for the nietit hi all its departments tu protect, when necessary, I first time since its formation, was seriously :; ; H-nik 1 meml.etvd, however, that there had beeu no n;..r.at.vl,.,, ihcMaerslnaTe. having , . itatlon of the aubject of slavery, an ah'.iiste p'.pul.iieiii, torni u stall1 constitution, the ' 1 - J ivhto wiverei;iitveotiinienii's,Knil being e-tiiisuniiiui- un,l that there was then no controversy Hi tei hy a.lmi-i.il into ihe l',ii...l, they hUm.1 on nil j , JL.llloritH of the ilisti- iul footinit with tee people til other Mutes; and s f , hwla thu oijj.iniz" I'tw.Ut to he mlinUtetl into the ; tittlon. The free States ha l simply tlt'ter lV.Ur,l Cnion, :.. thcr its Con-titutitiu prohihits or ni;1K,(1 Ht t,(lt (1.(V tI),tt ,K.y ,V()U1,I m.(iuirou ivi (iniz 's the Institution nt slavery, ! ' . , ,. ,,,',,.., That the lieiiKKintie party nif In favor prepou.Ieraiiey III the L liloll, 111 or.ler that nf the scijiiisition of the WsmJ tif ('iihs, on sueli Jm . ,;,,, omllov the powers of tlie ''n'vcill l.Tni" as shall lie honorahle to tmn-c'ven unit just to , . . .. .1 Kjal,,, nl the licH pia. tieahle moinent. , mellt tor their own iiralldizemctit ; ami, nc- . AV..W, That theeiiaetinentsot' Utile Uvislutnres , (.0,.,inlv without even seeking to ilisuisc lOtlefeai the lull I1U1I exivution of the l'u-itive Slave . . " , . tf law arr ho-tie in elmnuter to. awl suliveiwve of the f their etilidllct under the cover of a pietcxt, Constitiiliou n.l revolutionary in their effect : (ov (iponlv avowed their purpose to sulisti- lUm'wl, That the Heniocraiy of the TniUHl Stati s ' . ' - . , . e . ,, , , f . i,f , ...... .! 1 1 1...- .1 ;.(:.,,,, ,.-,f tute the law of miL'Iit for. that of nslit. In 10 prot.-it naturalixeil eitizem in all their rijthls, reeo'ijifti' H as no 1111 ic;ttot-timi ,,111.......... - whether at home or In loreijrn land.-', tonic same cxieni 1 m !l n itive I.IU TI citiellS. Allcl. I Wm:ar.AS, One of the prestest necessities of the j Pt'ofvi liotnt ol view, is a sK'iMi' coniiiiuiiicaic-n i inccii 01c I IVile ami Atlantic t-.s; therefore, lie it JM, Tut the .National I)em.i.nitie party .In j Vrd.y pi. ,1,,-e themselves Ui use evei r m "'r , .i,.... t'... ina'e ol soiiie In . totheejlent i,li:leeo.'1t;mt'.m:.l1i..tho,iivof ( ..n,;ress, for the con- riii .'thin of a I'tieille l!aihii:nl, fiom th- .Mississippi river to the J'acitij Ocean, nt the earliest praettealilt IllOilli'tlt. IlcunKratlf Hilonn! Executive itiiiiiillU'C. The follol:!; named gentleman compose this Committee : Hon. f. I. Stevens, of Otejron, (Tiiirninn. Hon. It. W. Jo'ieson, ol Avk.ir.sns. Hon. Jefferson llavis, tif .Missisr-ippi, Hon. Jesse I). Ihi'l, of hi'liana, lion. ihos. It. Kl if'.eo, of Pennsylvania. Jlon. tieo. W. Ilii.'his.of M.ii'laml. Hon. John W. Hievetison, of KetitmUy. Hon. John l. TUoii'pson, of New Jersey. Hon. .. II. Me.k.of Alaham. Alien -tits Seiicll, of New York I-ae II. Wri'. hl. Il-.., of V isiehu lt. Hon. James ti. It net, of Wasliington, l. C. vVm. rtititi, of Wahiie-ton l. NVsltr Lenox, F.-q., of Wa-hinirton, l. ('. M. W. Chi-kev, Washih-rt in, l. '. Itesiilent Sec'y. tieo. W. Jti-K', Waslilni;ton, I. f. Tn'asiircr. Ail niiiiniiiiiicali.iiis should h" aii.hvssi! to Hon. T..... I sirtv..tij I 'liMii'liiule W'llsllinL'ton. II. ('. Konnwof the t'oiiirmtieo at No tweiiiv-eiglit, Jour- 1 1 1. .u' ....ft.. 1 .uei n n.... . . .. - " "V, Public (x akliitf. 1 Ilr.,. I.. Q. f. I.AM Alt will address his let- ' low-citiens :U Holly Fprings, on Saturday next, i Aii"ust2"lli; nt Nin th lit Pleasant, Mai sliall trtuntv, Monday, August 27th; Hybaiia, Mar- a'wll county, Tuesony, August SXtlL f.pcnUtis ut tlotiy Springs. Wc heard the nble nnd elotpient speeches de livered at Hotly J-pnugs on -sulimlny iiigm last, by Usiso clumpi...,,. of the true Democracy, ; .lAKKtVAIT. Ol IUC .illin.M.I'1li'i', unit . i,i t-nr. , , , , , f the Aralineht. Hoping to hear them at Ox- , , . . , . ..;. . ,... f ird Verr foon, we refrain from giving a synop- Mscf'thc si.ecches. The Democracy has cause to be pipud of such standard bearers. i i ; i . m m j Coiil. rr - f t i ii mi. Tl . T .1. I.- CirLLPl' I 11IR t.lloiT'll Alllttll'r'lirjr, Ot IIIC lllll i'lst., contains an addre.-s by the National L'soeutivc Committee of the Constitutional I'tr.oii-pnrtr, to the People of the United Slates'' i' whLh, speaking of the repeal f the Missouri Compromise, the following remarkable passage occurs : The meaoure w as a Dcmocrat-c measure, and tbe leaders of the Democratic rly are alone re sponsible for it and for its consequences. They having ro-.vn the wind, are now reaping tbe whirlw ind. Tlie retribution w hiehbas fallen up on tlieir onct powerful orpuiu-ition can awaken no sympathy, f it is no more than the righteous penalty exacted Loia those w ho break the law of r.gtit. We would like to know wlic'iher ihere is a rWi-Evcrvtt paper in the State of Mississippi tint has tlie nerve to indorse that statement, f-poak out, gentlemen! . If you think the Missouri Comnromisc waj a ri-rhteiuts meas- i ' . .... 1 nre, an-l t:.st tii(s(;wiio rcpeaici it -nrokc the Lw..f right." be pleased to liave the c.tu- tlor t avow your belief, Tie Creal Slcetinjr at C'oriutli. T:ie Corinth Crx City contains a spirited 8ceont:t of a meeting, which was 1,-1-1 at C.ria:!i on the ICth int. It was addrcsse-d by Ei-arrrnor J. W. MathewN Senator A. ii. Brown, II in. J. J. De avenport, Hon. AV. U Yaner-.-, M.ij. E. Barksdale, of the Mii- .;yif, a:. 1 C-pt. A. K. Blythc. ITicre were four or five thousand persons present, and t-vcrrthing passed off to the entire satis- faction of the tried and true Democracy. "It w as," ayi tLenw C.N, "a glorious'elay." -I m l'ost i xatc youie.i on me oat k oi a t ' .1 1 . n n .t.l (j. 1 j, rl . m 1 ' W II. f lt"l " , Will.- ' " " " ' V-.tcL Throw a piece of inent among bears and j a purse of gold amoi g men, and which wiil ; l.ehuve m t ou'.r.igeo:j'r the men or the ' .C-4J ' Tbe Repeal of the Hfotoiirl Com- promise. Tuebe is class of paper and of politicians io, tlie South, who assert, w ith an enniestuess no J porsistoncy which forbid ill to doubt the sincerity of their conviction of the fact,' that all tlie present agitation uikiu the subject of idaveryraud, indeed, tlie very formation of the Black Republican party itself, is solely to be ascribed to the repeal of the Missouri Com promise, aud laid at the door of tlio "ex tremists' of tlie South, as the authors of that measure. The assert iou is believed, too, by many honest aud wcll-memiing persons, who have never been properly informed upon the subject, aud who, in consequence, are haunted by a secret appri'nension,lli!it, ny possiuiiuy, the Elack Republicans may turn out to have beeu in the right when they denounced the South for her "breach of faith" in violating "that sacred and time-honored compact." Wlut says history, upon that poiut! Iu 1 S00, we acquired from France the Loui siana Territory w hich included all our pre sent possessions, West of the Mississippi River, not embraced in the acquisitions, for merly beloneiujj to Mexico, which we have re cently obtained. Throughout kII that vast territory, slavery was established by law at the date of its cession to us; aud nil express article of the Treaty of cession provided that we should protect the inhabitants iu all their rights of property, Iu 1819,Missouii, carved out of the Louisi ana Territory, applied for admission into the Union. Tim Northern States, almost en incuse, opposed her application, upon the sole ground that she had a constitution recojjniz itii slavery. The. whole country was con vulsed liv the violence and bitterness of the - ---- jt,w tew of the perils to the Union with which I , . , , 1 . .1 ., I psistnnco seemed to bo fraught, thu S iuth, f1)r iu, sa';0 ()f peace, receded from tho asser- . '"' '''' rights, nndVcel - - r- consented to the insertion, iu the net of lHiO, j ,.., xt;,,,,,.: :. ,, i;.,;,,,, f r, - 1 vision winch liroln iiteil slavery, ill 111! till' , .... , !. , . , i-....' v,,,.,!, f 'in ' '"' r ' . ' . . , ibg. tiO mill. 1 tils was tlie .Missouri Colli' I promise a compromise wrung by a greedy 1 )10ides of anli-slavery willi any such miserable i and unscrupulous majority from a Minority j bunilmg as squatter sovereignty, but wholioldly which believed itself incapable) of effectual j take the ground that the South is cor.slilutional i resistance just such a compromise us help- ly entitled to equality in the Union. There arc ; t..u. imv..M.. 1,-ico often made, when sudden- many such men at the North, and they aro uni- . IV nssaileil 1 I... ..ro!i, i.o.r.indors.an.1 called , upon to answer the demand "Your money, I or your life."' j Thirty years passed on. Ihiring that pc- j ; ...m, w.e ... .eao,,.. -... .0 ... j prtivisioiis 01 ine v-oniiuoinisc, in vaciioioi I 1 , , siaM-ry no,,, iM,fl:-'lf .-....-o. ntid Jinqiose l, ill 1 S 50, to rim tho line of the j ... .... .1 1 .1 1 .Missouri t oiiiiiMiune, iiirottgii tnc newiy ao- quired territorv of California, to the IViiii , , , . ' , " " N'"''1 r.j rted the prop, siti in, nnd r.iiliounce 1 the dogma of "no more slave States a a part tit licr tut lire policy. Th,. compa-t, thus scotil cd bv the ! North, was no longer obligatory waiving all discission of its justice or constitutionality i upon the South. It stood upon the statut.i- book a mere dead letter; and the repealing n(-t ff ,s,4) .c it-imlU(1 tn a,isl;l. ,(f fec, ,y roM;irij . , , ... , f ... . j the South to her normrd position, in theory, j ... , i of coualitv in the I. nion, from wliicli thecom- . I ' ' promise of 1820 had degraded her. j Meanwhile, the sentiment of anti-slavery I had been making rapid strides iu the free 'States; and the Northern politicians who 'have never lo-t sight of their traditionarv policy t.f aerjuiiiiig a p'.litid as -ctidaticy over the South, determined to enlist that fa natical sentiment in support of their design. Therefore it was that they raised tin cry of . breach of faith'' against the South, and pre tended to 1k alarmed Iy whit th'- affected ' to style "the aggression of the kI.-ivc power." , They commenced the "agitation,"1 now so ' much deprecated by some of otir.jtiiet-'oving , r... .... !;.:., ... i i. . i ' i r ,u. m:.' . . - ... .... ,. , promise a pretext for that agitation which J , 1 , . , ... , ! had been predetermined nn. Il that repeal , "cver X'A. l,,aW ,!,oy woaU t'ither 1 nave louni or uivcnica some ot tier pretext j and anything would have answered their purpose or, as in lfjl.thry would have niu,' oi.n tvorniM.il our ri.-t.! tr'.ih..ut i.ro. . 1 1 i tctt tt..,L . We do not know that Southern man who, . doc not admit, that, as the Supreins Court eif the United Stales Las Jcci led, the Missouri I Compromise was unconstitutional We hare ' nCTCf ,icar'1 orc MV thai' in tMlf 5t n,, i ciijus.t. aui-1 degrading to the South, But al:Ui! ,,",t ' ',,,ml1 ,M! we oftcn Lcar " . aWX reproach, by Southern ondors, S.ut!ioru statesman, tliat they favored of cm.fi.-iae.IV tmcowtitution- . a n 1 ur'ju5 i "4 the repoid is char- ! c,crke'1 nn,risc expedient, because, j " 'J. th'" orth '" Iherehy imtatexL ) nJ led to rcnew tUe "Ptwi" f . vp17 option, which had been put to rest IbrtLe mcanrr of anu? merit" of 1850. t. ,,i. : ,.,, Al , . seem to eomj-rehend the Ktgk of their po- I itim. D-tcs it not seem strange, f.) say he rfiat they should not have a word of eommondatio.rn.rthingbut reprhe f.tr their Southern l.rethrcti. and tL; t they should j have no w rd f rcj r -.vu liothit; but iin- which it won d otherwise have gone ; ami nm" t senscic.-s .piauci me ei., ,.icc u, , . - , . - ; weigiit ot mv eyelt ls. 1 will closo tiy saving ., .... : r..K... ... 1 t. thedangcr which lhnat,ns to engulf ns how can Ml; "",uJ w:" n"tf,c- ,: il. i,!;,,,,;., ...11 ....rf ',;2 I . , ... ... . . . , Northern States s ,llc tamtam gurgles from the hill- 1 its operation, it uiib it-hiii'dy repudiated "the 1 . 1 1 . n 1 , n 1 11 fating a glorious morrow. ; ' ,' ., " ' .... will wa,te their energies in tin vain endeavor to iwdc; naturally sparkling. Providence had . . 'sacred pomjiact. lie South was willing, . . ,, , . . , , , , ,, , ... . . . . , . I will write litrain, as soon ns possible. ' 1 i no.l I irtunn-linu'i I nnl rt'..n li-r .i!i..1m ttioin. 1 lill-4l.l tllClll Willi fl hoiltltcOII Vll'1.1 tlll'il ' I t piled coinmen Ja'JoD fur those Blavk Repub licans who accuse tlie South' of violating L'cr flighted faith f To comprise the entire argu ment in a mtt-sliell, the South, iu demand ing the repeal of the (Missouri Uemrprorutse, deuiauded only what was iu iUelf Loth just ami constitutional, and is nut to be reproached or Lnmed for the repeal, unless the , Black Republicans arc right iu tlieir dcwwicuitions of the act. Tlie Southern mail who takes this latter ground, should go for 'Lincoln openly, and no longer otttiime to afford "aid and comfort" to the eueiuy, under the guise of au "oppositionist."' , The OR EAT Oouffl. Convention. Tin squatterites held a little convention, at Holly Springs, a fe weeks ao, which, ac cording to their own account of it, was "no irreat shakes j" but it was sienifieantly inti mated that there was to bo a GREAT Con vention ut Grenada, ou thu 15t!i of August, and that a demonstration of the. most as tounding character might then be anticipated with the utmost confidence. Well, the. 15th tif August came, and went, and ao did the Convention. We have heard that it assem bled, and that it was addressed by those three GREAT Democrats J. K. Clinton, Johu P. 1'ryor, and J. II. R. Taylor. Whec tha Gre nada Locomotive, of the I7lh, came to hand, we opened it with great eagerness, expecting to find in its columns an elaborate report of the great achievements of the great Conven tion ; but the Lotomotiee says nothing about the Convention. We presume, however, that the mysterious movements alluded to by the Locomotive in the annexed paragraph, can be satisfactorily explained, now. They were the throes of the GREAT Convention. From tho Grenada Locomotive. F.XTBAORDiSAltv. On last Tuesday evening, nliout four coaches were ordered to start from Oakland to convey a larpe number of cross-eyed passengers from the terminus of the Mississippi and Tennessee Railroad to Grenada, but, owing to sonic cause or other, the large party was easily conveyed in one coach and the rest came round by the 'Mississippi Central. On Wednesday a mysterious gathering of strangers occupied nil the. comers of the tow n tlieir appearance in dicated circumspection and a desire to lenrnsomn. thing. In the meantime a warehouse, near the Yalobusha river, was evacuated of its contents, ex--cept the salt bags, which supplied the place of stools for the gloomy amphitheatre, and at an carlv hour in the afternoon, an tvei lasting crowd of our citizens went down there for curiosity to sec what emild be going on in the bottom. They went laughing, but every one came nway witii serious impressions. Nunc urcntllul thing is in the wind, and our town council ought to take measures accordingly, 2cerh of ll;:i. I. H. IMcIttnon. n- ,1 1 1 ",vl0 lhc 'il,e''"1 "ttent.on of our readers W f,f thi ri,'(1 ""'1 furling Demo- which will be found upon our fourth page, . .... . . . . .1 Mr- I'lelonson belongs to that elasa of conserva- . live Northern men whom the South can afford to trust men who do not. tnotioso to meet the ...... .. . loilllly to be lountl among tlio supporters 01 j ji tXMill it to nii'i 1 1 ! it im. j nnc uui niii j i matdl liy the ppccf.tc.cof a nnitcil South, laying ! - M.. r.11 ..tt,T i....i..1r?..J r.w lltA flAinmmi ' 1 Hi'io tin v t.umimi.-'n.1i iui n "-""i"!"" mM nm, firmly insisting upon their rights menus wo,,,,, oo encourage.,, an,., wi.n inc.r u.u, "e uneiu h-i .uot ihuii uic n'oaiiuu 1 ...,..,. . , . : " " . . ' 1 . . , 'V j Itrll-Donlns Fusion. Mas. PitKWF.TT, of the Vuzoo City Danncr, a rabid P.ell organ, in her editorial c.rres- i poudt-nce of the Tih int., from New York -guincam. u.se.o- t. . si . r ii . ! . .. ii I sure: " We saw Mr James Prook,of the Express, yesterday. Ik has hopes that the Douglas Democrats, with tho Dull men, can carry this State. This was the object tif the fusion. Alone the Poll men, coui 1 not hope to carry it. United wilh the le:no'.ray (!) if they c.irry it, they will hive ten electoral voles out of the tliirty-sevm." Opposition men of MU.-is-dppi ! behold the feast to which y tti arc invited! You have hitherto denounced Squatter Sovereignty as licing in no wise prcfeniMe to the Wilmot Fruvis,'). In New York, iu ordr lo achieve success, your psrtyudnivo allied themselves with S.piatter Sovereignty. Judas did not sell his master for less than thirty pieces of silver. The (ppositifirr, in New York, have sold their principles for' the dim prospect of ten electoral votes. I),t yon ratify the com-jia-f, and arc you ready to "sell out" your j principles for such a " mess of pottage i" W ait for an ove rt Art.- Mil A aison counsels subciis.si.tn, m tho event .. . - , . .. of t.ic election of Lincoln, and says that we , . , . . .. .i,,:,,: andM:t ror lbe commission of some overt actf httslility, before hcwould rccomuiend a resort to measures of pre-; caution and defence. If a client were to p to j him and tell him that two mci bad threatened to - tic hi to. himl and foot, and rut his throat, and i thereupon solicit his advice in the premises, .t : I would he not be attonifched to barn from the , dt-stinOtehcd legal (tcr.tlcman licit it would be higrdy imjiroper for him to cficx any retastanca while tlie operation of tying was gUng on, and that he should "wait for an overt act" until re sistanc had bcootnt impossible! If Uia lUae-k Bejiublicans take possession of tlie gnrerBraent, with the avowed purpose of so aminUtcring it as to destroy the institution of slavery, will that be no o en hci i ji fo, men, miieii uic es.s;s.ii t.- n . . 1 t-r aa ' raises his rule to tako tne life of lus intended , victim, when he pulls the trigger, when the lead- . . . . . ' cn messeaigCT is sped trom tne tatal tube, A Has . as yet committed n "overt act ;" but, when tlie j murdered man lies weltering in his gore, hw I heart pierced tlirouph and throogh by the (nil- ; let, then, we presume, it will b eooceded that : uneven act fiat teen committed, Ki-Chanccllor Stephen CorUe. This penllfman, who was wwle-le ard favora bly known throngbo-.it the state of Misist-ipii as r.jttl rtf nMl nnr-lfl -a-swi 't . rwl r -1 1 iT r cnirit d, . TU . . .' Kof , ojeans. His denth is a grM public ln, and beeves scirt.yncri''i,iy Khindl.:m. " Editorial Correspondence. t . CkiaiKo, August bt, 1600. .- . Dear Intkixigskcib; The train, bearing the excursionists from tltc Soutli, to Chicago, passed Oxforj at 1i?lf past three o'clock, P. .M., yesterdaTf having on board a large num ber of the distinguished citizens of New Or gans and Southern Missisippir At Oxfor.l, the company was increased ly the additiou of some tiilcou or sixteen of our citizens. The Oxonians are Mrs. James Drown, Hon. A. II. Pegnes, Miss J. Peguc; Miss F. IV gues, Miss S. Pegues, T. X. Weudell, Esq., Miss Mary Weiukil, Miss S. F. Fox, Mr. A. L ShotwelL, Mrs. A. L. Shot well, Messrs. Win. llrown, Win. Iiuford, L. House man, Y. IL MeCutclieu and "your own correspondent." At I lolly Springs, and the various other de pots along the MianUsippi Central, and Mo bile and Ohio Roads, many Soutliern ladies and gentlemen were added to tin; "guodlie companyc," till wo numbered almost three hundred. Tho Xew Orleans press was ire represented. Tliira was Luinsdcii, of the Picayune, and Walker, of tint Dtltu, and Nasli, of the Creteut. The arrangements for our comfort, 011 the Mississippi Central, wer in princely style. I had, from my first entruuee, observed a con stant going to mid from tho baggage cars. but was very oblute about it, till fiieud S. hinted that we should go there. Went, of course. Just could crowd iu, by a dexterous use of our elbows. Saw a number of flat topped baskets; somebody said they had champagne in them. didn't doubt it ; but tnend S. wouldn't believe so easily, lie had I some poured in a tumbler, to test the thing. Had to try three or four times, before he could lie satisfied. Saw some who had been trying for a good while; they seemed to be more doubting than ever, liosides the cham pagne, sherry, tic, there were enough mel ons, apples, peaches, and "goodies " general ly, to make the mouth of old Santa Cluus wa ter for a taste. We reached Columbus, Ky., the northern terniinus of the Mobile A Ohio Road, nt 2.20 A. M., Wednesday, and were immediately transferred to the steamboat, F. P. Cheney, which plies between that point and Cairo. Having partaken of a good warm breakfast on the boat, vc reached Cairo about 5 o'clock, mid were soon mi the luxurious cars of the Illinois CVutiuI Road, bound far Chicago di rect. It seemed to me, that we travelled, for some distance, in what 1 have called the "sec ond valley " of 11 river; that is, the terrace of table laud above the valley of the river. It is heavily timbered, but did not seem to be so productive, w here it was under cultivation, ns the prairies further tip the country ' Passing (hro,,, this tinibeivd country, wo entered ' ' upon this wide prairie sea. This is a grand uglit. Almost ns far as tho eye can see, stretches a level plain, carpeted with green, and fringed, on the far horizon, with a border of trees. The wide fields of Indian corn, tall, even, and heavy laden, nodded to us as we 11 1 I!!.- 1.- . t l 1 -.1 It ne y, like ra.iKa o. ..nunc., M.cm-rs, The nn.ttt iimtw in jtiii vmni'i iiy i.uii- wjhtc wore bro;(I liuM.-i of the grain, ripcji- A J.I. . i . ll . 1.1. 'I irnr t,i iiifi ti it nr mv ! mt th run hip Kit nr i t.j,p 5ll ieps, like the'dead after battle.- Mol hr)yfl u.u lu5y , . - 10 , . 1 1 1 on the farms, uud nil seemed to be 111 high ,,mt I,.,.,,,,, k,rwr ...orrv K..,r bilo thov fields s were groaning witn an over-im with mi over-liurdeii of golden grain; their barns w?rc full to over flowing; plenty smiled upon the hoard; and cv'rJ" "''- ''"'' ere gratetiu neans, una tl'creforc all were happy, 'lhc grain crop, of j 11 kiniM 1H vrrv Lir-'C 11 nil nan OI llilimis. - . luce is no .uiimi r "I sooimion u iiuy i .. . . , , ,x I tion to which it can be tianspoited. One 1 g. ntlema.i said that Ind.au corn, through the , Mato wouu average eight barrels lo Uic a.:re 1 iu cultivation. It was thought the wheat t.'.i.l.l qvnrniKi mm ttif.n fhirftr I. null. -la to f the acre. At hal.'-pist Ievcn, A. M., we reached Ccn- tri.lbi . wbert. tl. ( Iiica-m brm.cl. inten-cntJ the main mad of the Illitmis Central. Here ' laltotl a few niiiiutcs forluiic.Ii, after whi'.'h, ..,.,.... ,t. ., . . Col. II. . A alter, of Holly Springs was cad- J cu upon, aim respjiiiicti, iu a live miuuics speech, of much eloquence and humor. Wc wero seldom out of sight of some little village of whit? houes. I think they nver- r.ged one in si,x miles, on the immediate line of the road. Tlio dwellings gi-rdly, la. ike J very ueat; but sjjru;-! to me cIjjs a,i I crowd iL Tlis yards co'uutnly hae flowers of several kinds in them. Put tlrr l w,s something wanting to make them assume the comfortable, home appearance of dwell ings in our country. The " one thing need ful," was shade-trees. Without shade, a home in the country is m re uncomfortable even than in the citv. where there it some rirotec- tion from the sun's rays. Besides, there is a y, a fcng of cosy happiness added to a jl0m'e cn,bovcr.d in "the shadow of tall trees sHlllM tj Tcst l!ie I(.art .! Ul;ud troubled with oat-door cares. Give ine a I home and Rowers amid green trees within .Tliim-Tifiiir. i-t1a an.1 .o!if. lliat ltmkt 11111-' sic 'within, end I wid insure, lor nothing, smiling facca and Imppv hearts. At ' Urbana, we were welcomed heartily, ....... . , . , j- and invited to partake of a splendid supper, I rea lv rreriflred for lis at the Dnaue House. v I'l"1-' , This is the pn ttict town I saw, excepting j Kaniakce. Hero, f .r the firt time, shade , , ,, , trees flower-vards and gra-pIots were abnn-, - ...-,( dant. The eitlzerss, too, seemed to tie with . .1. n''.n. . n . -V I r. 1. lfl-lllTiir . 1T1 T. .H 1- l" " "- ui..... ...s. - - He. The town is properly named Urbana. At Mantcno, forty-seven miles from Cliica- j g - r,, an extra tram met us, having on twain. Kx - Mayor John C Haines, and other promt 1 .-. . , t ncnt crtnens of the city, come to welcome ns . to its hospitaiitv. I ;'TIie trains were unite V cheer on cheer rent the air, and tha North and the South, Chi cago and New Orleans, were introduced to eaeh other, and cramped the profTere.l hands , ... , .'thiscity on Wednesdy next fr I'ike's Teak to i in arnatmer M-h showed the eameMt.esof , s,,e fsing diiUcultics with tbe Indiaus ' th'ir -r.C'T-IV C!ii-.-par.s ii.i:i.-' d f'--1 ly with their guests,, aud soon tuude them "feel quite at ease," About half-past twelve P. M., we reached the Depot at Chicago, dusty, hungry, tired, and sleepy. Ommlmsses v. ere iu waiting for us, -and we were conveyed to the Treniout House, where Messrs. Gage, Drake tfc Bro. have received us in princely stvle. After bathing and supper, most of the company have retired to bed. I am ouly sitting up "with eyelids propped open," for the purpose of writing to you. Some items, gathered along the road, may lie iiitereMii'.g. In the South, ploughing is generally done w ith small ploughs, having " inule attach incuts." Here, large ploughs are generally used, having 44 ox attach ments." I aaw near Mattoon, five yoke of oxen, nttached to one plough. They were , breaking the ground preparatory to sowing i spring wheat, the leveliioss ot tins prairie country, and its freedom from rocks and roots, account for this difference in the mode of cul tivation. - , . . . 1 , . I I understand there is to be a trial soon, near Mattoon, of a steam plouglfon the great thirty thousand aero farm of Mike Sul livan, A steam plough, in practical use, would create a revolution iu farming, up here ; but, iu the South, the greater part of arable land is broken uud uneven, and in small bod ies, which fact would, I think, preclude the general introduction of such an improvement. Its use here, though, would so cheapen bread and meat, that 'the attention tif the South would he turned, more exclusively, to tlie cultivation of cotton; and, iti this manner, the production of this staple would be greatly augmented. 1 noticed that tho various Depots, along the Illinois Central Road, have their names, iu largo letters, in some conspicuous place upon the Depot buildings. The convenience of this system may he seen at a glance. Pas senger Jo not have to ask what Depot it is; they can see fir themselves. The time and temper of the Conductors, are economized. It serves fir mile-posts, to the traveller who has the ticket of distances in his hand. We suggest its adoption nt home. The Illinois Ce.itsal Itoa 1 is fenced in. Tho advantages of this plan of fencing have been practically shown ; nnd President Good man uud Superintendent Darney urged its adoption upon the directors of the Mississippi Central Uoud, in their last annual report to that body. Let our road be fenced in, by all means. I noticed, also, that inside tho fence, along the Iload, tho soil was generally ctilti- vatcd. It may be that the ltoad keeps its fence up by renting the enclosed land. Or it may be that thu Kond is compelled to have this ground cultivated, where it is contiguous to cultivated tiirms. There tva,, in one of the Kastern States, some years ago, a suit in which the farmers ulong the lino claimed damages from a Hail ltoad Company, for having sowed weeds in their fields. It ap peared that the land enclosed w ithin the Rail lload fence, had been allowed to grow up in all kinds of noxious w eeds, the seeds of which, scattered by tho winds, had been borne into tlio neighboring li'dds, to the seiiius detri ment of the glowing crops. Tho damtiges were awarded, and tho Kail lload Company taught to keep its land fieo of weeds fyr the future. Put the prop is too weak for the growing " We arc a!l nodding, nid, nid," n- :iht Yovus, Art. Who I He r Tiia Cincinnati Enouirrr has a Waihimrton corre.sHio,leiit, rejoicing in tho namo of "fieve- j land," whose cfTnsions are vcry day copied into j the columns of the Memphis AppeuL Of all the , . letter-writers now extant, bo takes the lead as ,, , . , ... , . , . the possessor of inexhaustible inventive favul- (ics There is no report so improbable as not to receive bis intlnrsement, provided, only, that he thinks it calculated injuriously to affect the Dem ocratic party. However, he generally contrives to overreach himself llie very grossness of the impositions which he daily attempts to pahn up. " he public mind, wif!l.cfs ordinarily, to secure ! their njwtion hT ''0 are auffidcntly , i sane to be e. trusted with the management of . . ... 1 their own affairs. It ls well, probably, that be w, .;tc, ttnonvmolI,l,. . Pjr if his rcaj Mme wcr, j given, wo think not improbable that that, of itself, would destroy the credibility of any state ment he might make, in the minds of all who know bint The Speech of Hon. W. V. Yunerj, O? Alabama, w hich was delivered in Memphis on the 14th inst, appears in full in tho.lrij;cif of tbe 17th. That enterprising journal employ ed a reporter, at groat expense, lor the special purpose of having tbe speech faithfully rqsortcd ii eittnm; and wc arc informed, by a grntlemm who heard Mr. ntff at Memphis, that the re-! port is literally exact. Tbe speech was likened i to, bv tereral arret of humanity, wiih amore rapt I atlcntion Uian anyMeropiiis auuiecce cvrr re- viously lent to any public speaker; and the pen era! verdict respecting i', was that it was the rrtatest speech ever made there by any man. It is an excellent campaign document, and we recommend it to our fi-icnds fir tEstributi.m. The Aralan'-h ofJice j-.roj.os to furnish tyij.ies l lhe lo I""'0 2 P hnndre-d, or 0 ft Iok oat Tor Them. A mr wce-ks since w saw fioating alioot, in tbe ISeli-Dougla papers, an insinuation, in the 1 r : : . . .1.. ..i - . . I. . . r. vi u tllUUII v WIRHI uiv ISO' MCI. Mr, , j V, , , , . , Brwkmndro was not a slavclKiideT. I'vaeraJ- , , ,. .,-,, naj process of transf irroation, U:cinsinuatien has length taken tbe shape of a positive assertion -r .j,. fiA Tho infinuation and the assertitn . . are false alike. Mr. BrecVinn Jse a a tbivchold A "rumor" was next circulated, to the effect that ifr. Brckinridj! had called a mnncil of his I friends to discuss the propriety of his rctirerm-nt fronj tlic he oeerunics as a candi date for the I'refiidencr. Mr. l!nckinrid?e has telegraphed to a fwit'emni in Mcmfihis. that " here is not a wont of truth ui the report. N thcr As the clown says in the circus "The next uungwiu be somctriingclse. , . . , . j Oiat Hoes not talk Bell and Donglas simultaneous Tot Hon. Mr. Greenw wl Commiorrof I u Aholiliolli(it, ,nd rederKrt, iuneUve d,n Ars aornpanicd by t; H Kbett and k(Klw w)lK.h , true ihmncnCf ,n(J Vacnn on. Eso, sn nf the Hon. Jacob u trike.-AVe Tort Day Bock. TlwHnnaAl. Snvpllrf nf t lui 1 n t . i. rih L-. .-m I - .,V.f;.,a . Slightly Mistaken. Ma. WaTsos, in his speech hero on the 14th inst. asserted, broadly and without qualifica tion, tliat the first article of the Constitution of "the Southern League' contained the expres sion : "Our motto is, Southern Republic in our only safety.' " Xt are aware that some mendacious wretch, w ho knew tliat the truth would not answ er hi purpose, put this falsehood afloat, tome months ago, in the IklbDouglas papers, by which it has been circulated with an avidity characteristic of their desire to excite the preju dices of uninformed persons against the demo cratic party ; and we suppose that Mr. Watson believed it to be true, as he w ould gladly believe anything that would gratify his life long hatred of Democracy; but the falsehood has been bran ded as it deserves, in a letter of Mr. Yancey, w hich appeared some weeks ago in numerous journals of tho day. If Mr. Watson has not seen, in the papers, the positive contradiction of what heasscrtcd, it must be because he docs not take pains to inform himself upon the facts con cerning which he speaks ; and if an ignorant man ailCinpiS IO UlBiruci U1C people, u.aiuauuiiivu f r I ... .1-- ti 1. . 01 lime worm. yj A Union Ticket In Xew York. Tho Pouglas State Convention, after a session of two days, closed its labors linriiinniously in the afternoon of tho ltith instant by nominating an electoral ticket satisfactory to the Hell and Ever ett General Committee iu session at tho same place. The Presidential Electors for the State at large are Reuben II. Walworth and Hcman J. Redlleld, and of tho thirty-three district electors ten are old line Whigs of well-known character. The ticket was applauded vehemently w hen it was read to the Convention, and was adopted unanimously. Tho Bell and Everett conference committee w ere invited to tako scats on the floor of tlio Convention. .A series of resolutions were unanimously adopted. They declare devotiun lo the union of tlie States and the Federal Constitu tion ; deprecate the organization of sectional par ties : declaro the equality of the States ; declare against intervention by Congress ; approve the nomination of Douglas and Johnson ; affirm that thcclcction of Lincoln w ould be disastrous to the peaco and integrity of tho Union ; invito all con servative men to support the electoral ticket nom inated by the Convention; and, for tho purpose of this co-operation, confer upon the Stato Com mittee power tu fill any vacancies that may oc cur in the electoral ticket, and to take measures if proper and necessary, "to give tho united ex pression and clfect to tho national conservative sentiment of the State."- J Mrs. II. VS. Ircwct, Or tho Yur.oo City American Danncr, in a re cent letter addressed to her paper, from the Fifth Avenue Hotel, Now York, makes tho following renmikalilo statement: "There is a strong Demo crat here from Brown's district, Mississippi, who says that Bell. will carry Mississippi by a hund soiuo plurality." Sho does not say that she be lieves this nonsense, but she evidently thinks some of her readers will be siinplo enough to attach sonic credence to it. Irath of C'npt. Elcazcr Crtibtree. Capt. Pleazer Chadtiiee, Vice-President of the Hoard of Commissioners of Emigra tion, died of ship-fever yesterday morning, at his residence, in Twenty-second struct. Few men were bettor known or more loved than tho deceased. For nearly half n cen tury he was a shipmaster, sailing from this and other American ports. On retiring from salt-water service, ho was pressed into that of tho Commissioners of Emigration, of whose Po.ird ho has been Yice-l'residciit for a iiuiiiIkt of years. Oa tho resignation of Mr. Kennedy, Mr. Cnibtreo was appointed Mtperiiitemient ot ta!lc tjnMen. tlewnsn courteous gentleman of the old school, fulfil ling the duties of his public and private life iu a manner that won him golden opinions, and surrounded him witf hosts of friends, who will sincerely monrn his Joss. A week It Tuesday, Mr. Crabtrco was at Castle Garden, but complained of illness. He went home, and fell violently sick with typhoid fever, but was thought,' a few days since, to bo in a fair way to recover. The tliae, however, took an unfavorable turn, and ter minated as above stated. ' Deceased was sixty-tight years of age. He leaves a wifj but no children. Ho had been married forty years. Capt. Crabtrco was born iu Portland, Me. He was reared n a mariner, and attained much success iu navigating sailsng-vcsseis, the last of these ... , which 1 mJ Fn he had charge of being tho Huguenot ranconia, which belonged to a packet liue. About 1817 ho waj engaged by the Ocean Steam Navigation Company, w Lo first established a European line of steamships. Tho Hermann and Washington were their first vessels, and of the former, Captain Crab tree auperiutcndod tho constraction. When she was Glided, he took the coniuiand of her, aud continued in the charge up to De cember, 1852, having left her ou Lis h.t I trip, on the 12th of July preceding., Oa re- turning, he resigned. Capt. Crabtree b. Ijfg been a Useful and highly respectable ciiizen. la his counixtion with th'j Emi- Taut Dep:i cpartmcut, he has beeu a faithful and exemplary public officer. AT. V. Tribal Aug. Oif. ' lIlRRAH FOB CaLIFOBXIA. A Dotlglas man gut np a pic-nic at California, five miles iiorth-eat of Hernando, with the intention on Lis part to turn it into a political gather- ing. The neighbors to the uumbcr of twenty- tix, nu t at the school house, atid while there the Donglas man thought it now his chance to ascertain how they stood. He moved that the Breckinridge men rise, and tvcnfv-fjvr arose; then he moved for the Donglas nie n , , , , to rise, and r.obodv arose, an.l then he moved I . . r, ,, ' . , , j for the Bell men to rise, and one rose. The . . . ,. u.H,?las ""TT in 1 . id tnsMi'ti lliirruli l. IVlimMk in hi mouth, rtanda I'm. A wrsirfl, Tss't It The nnai.imity wilh which i the Pdack B(Tl,'cn papers of the North, and the Know Nothing paper of the North and South, eulogise and pet tbe I'ooplas movement and abuse the Breckinridce IVroocrarv T Tl.e Times and Kxpre of this city, vro w ith evh other ia blowing tbe trumpet (Jt Mr. Douches, ar.d there is not an Opposiiion paper in the South , . . , Th ,,1,n? " wrfT!? T""- " " lnve-'rttT wri'tca '-a a iii"umi,Tliett. Arrival of the Steamship Arabia. New Yokk, August 20. The Cunard steam, ship Arabia arrived at this port to-day from Liv erpool, with advices to the 1 1 th and 12th inst The weather throughout England h4 been unfavorable for the growing crops. The following intelligence waa received at London from China, via Russia : Tbe insurgents are within fourteen miles of Pekin. The Brit ish fleet, which has been detained at Hong Kong by adverse winds, is to leave forthwith. Important front Central America. New Orleans, August 20. The schooner Ar aminta arrived at this port to-day from the Eu dian islands, with advices to the 9th inst gho brings the crew of the schooner Clifton, which was recently captured from Gen. Walker by a British vessel of war. Gen. Walker landed at Truxillo on the 5th inst, and took the town. Only one shot was fired by his troops. Two of Gen. Walker's men were wounded. The taking of Truxillo caused great excitement in Honduras. Douglas Virginia Mate Convention. Staitxtox, Va., August 20. Tho Douglas and Johnson State Democratic Convention has discharged its committee of conference with the Charlottesville convention. It is considered probable that an entire Douglas and Johnson electoral ticket will bo nominated, but a resolu tion has been adopted instructing the electors to cast tho vote of Virginia for any candidate who can defeat Lincoln. from Xcw Mexico. St. Joseph, Mo., Aug. 20. Advices re ceived from Santa Fe, New Mexico, state that a party of Navujoo Indians attacked a settle ment eleven miles below that city. Two men were killed, aud thu stock of tho settle ment driven ofF. Tho citizens went out in pursuit, and after a severe engagement re covered their stock. Thirtecu In J inns and five whites were killed. Virginia Breckinridge State Conven tion. Charlottesville, Va., August 20. Thu Preckiiiridgo aud Lane State Democratic Convention lias passed a resolution instruct ing tho electors, that in case Dreckinridgo cannot be elected, to vote any way to defeat the election of Lincoln. Iflisssouri Election Iteturna. St. Loris, Aug. 20. Ofiicial ruturns from eighty-eight counties have been received, with tho following result: Chas. F. Jackson 04,732 ; Orr, 50,382 ; II. J. Jackson, about. 0000; Gurdcnhire, 0000. Twenty-ono coun ties nro yet to he heard from. 1 1 1 Breckinridge Ienlcs II it Humored Withdrawal. Louisville, Aug. 20. Tho Louisville Courier says : "Breckinridge, emphatically contradicts tho absurd rumor that ho desired to withdraw from tho Presidential contest. Ho has not thought of it." Tlio Cinclunull Shooting Airray. Cincinnati, Aug. 20. Geo. J. Caldwell, who shot and killed Charles C. Drown, U. S. Commissioner, on Saturday, has becu ro-ar- rcntcd uud held to bail. ltiillroutl Collision. Nkw Oiileaks, Aug. 20. A collision oc curred on tho Carroll ton Railroad last night. Two penotis were killed and several wound ed. I'olilteul. New Yonie, Aug. 20. Win. Pennington, tho Speaker of tho Houso of Representa tives, in a speech to his constituents, declines a re-election to Congress. "Who la II. V. t'lournoy f' Tlio Miiiiijiian has recently put this ques tion, more than once, in reference to a gentleman of Pontotoc county, we believe who has sud denly emerged Into a moderate degree of prom inence as a "spounV at squalterite gatherings. The Prairie Xeiti haa answered the question as follows : "Ho was ono of tho Convention that met at Jackson, nominated Pettus for Governor, and recommended Mississippi to call a Convention in the event of the election to the Presidency of a Black Kepublican." When Bob Acres was discoursing wilh Sir Lu cius O'Triggcr about tho affront put upon him by Cnptain Absolute, he was "chock full of fight," like Mr. Flournoy in the Convention. He valiantly exclaimed "Your words arc a grena dier's march to my heart 1 I believo courage must be catching t I feed a kind of valour rising as it were a kind of courage, ai I may say. r Odds flints, pans, and triggers, Til challenge him directly." He did challenge bira ; but when he reached "the field of honor," and saw bin antag onist approaching, he tremblingly remarked to Sir Lucius, "My valour is certainly going ! it is sneaking off! I feel it oozing out as it were at , the palms of my hands I" and he had as little stomach for th combat he had invited as Mr. . Flournoy now apjtears to hav for a tilt w :iTi those Black Republicans w horn he so recently, defied. TThe American Assorlnilon for the Advancement or arienee, ' This body, composed of the most eminent sci entific men of the country, met at Newport, R I., on the 1st inst, and adjourned after an interest- ins session of seven days. The next meeting will lake jdaccat Nashville, Tcna.in April 11. Chancellor BiKMAKn, of the Cniversity of Mis sissippi, was unanimously elected President of the Association for the ensuing year. This cir cumstance, as tending to show the high estima tion in which he is held by the men who, of all "i v most corupeier.i 10 lu.ice ol liis nur- . . . J " rUasaman of science and K.&rniug, will be crat- ... 7 ifyingto lus numerous fnends, and to the frieods the noble institution over which he presides. .i-s.ir iu mm, liirtwgn private sources, tnac the state of his beslth has compelled him to jlace himself uud melical treatment in Xew York." He expects, however, to act out for Oxford or , bout the 1st of September. r ' Kot Ora. If Mr. Douglas should be elected President, he would not have a single, solitary political friend in the Senate. PrrK of Ohio, is . v 1 ..... . upirit-r inn hi- uas now. arra t. l.it'C Ukes bis mt on the 4th of Uarch ncut Mr. Ik-11 ran "go one etw.n If he sbo-iM ha ejected rresident, he will hare Senator Ken nedy, eif Maryisnd, to aid bis administration Mr. CriUenilcn's term eyj ir-s ou the. 4th March. All lonrly and dretr. Vni i " t J i'r. Iw.