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UOH1RI) FALtOM B, Editor, F. A. DCVAL, AuUtant'Editor. WEDNESDAY, MARCH 6, I8C1. , THE CASH SYSTEM. Til "Iutclligencer" will be published hereaf ter atrictly on the cah ststex. ' V? shall write name in our subscription book, of a subscri ber, unless the money accompanies the order ; and when a subscription expires, the name will be erased from the list. TTe hare to pay cash for paper, Ink, printers, ted nearly all else necessary to our. operations. The '"Intelligencer" ts the largest and theapett newspaper in the county only tie dollars per annum and contains more reading matter than any other country piper in the State. nil y The Xew I'oatusc Lair. Thi Congress of tlio Confederacy has pass ed an act to Ex tlio rates of postage npon matter transported iu the mails. The law will take effect ''from and after such period as the Postmaster General may by proclama tion announce." Tlio following is a brief ab stract of its provisions, so far as they relate to letters, newspapers, and books : Single letters, not exceeding a half ounce in weight, under COO miles, Scents; over 600 miles, 10 cents. Every additional half ounce in weh;ht to he charged with an addi tional single pustsge. 'All packages contain ing other tli.'in printed or written matter, in cluding money packages, are to be charged with double tlio rates of postago on letters. 'Drop letter" ore rhartre 1 with a postage of two cents. Ail those postages are to be pre paid by stamps. Advertised letter pay an additional charge of two cents. Weekly newspapers, mailed to actual sub scribers within the Statu where the papcf is published, puy six and a half cents per quar ter. Subscribers out of the: State where the paper is rmblulied will be eliargtd double that rate. Semi-wccViy, tri-w'okly, and dai ly papers, will I've charged, respectively, twice, thrice, and six times as much as weeklies. lYriodicals, not exceeding one nnd a half ouuecs in weight, and published monthly, pay three, cents per quarter : semi-monthly, double that rate; Ii-niontlily and quarterly periodical, one cent nn ounce; and these rates arc to be doubled where th subscriber docs not receive, his periodicals in tlio State of publication. Subscriber are to pay a quarter's postage in advance. Transient pa ' pcrs etc., not exceeding threo ounces, pay two cents each, in stamps. Books, bound or unbound, not weighing over four pounds, aro charged two cents per ounce, to be prepaid with stamps. Newspaper ex.:!taiign are free. The tVanLiiig privilege is not to bo exor cised, except In IV-t OfHcc ofti.'ials, and in regard to ollioial business. The Fo.-l Oi'.i'o Department is intended to beself-siis'.air.lng. The excess of postal expenditure over the receipts, for the fiscal j ' .... year 1S3!, tn them Mat's of the l onleder ey, va tr'l,UOJ,otij Be), llio L-oniiiiitlre who repotted thu now law arc of the opinion that this deficiency can be met by raising the rates of postage, diminishing the amount of mail scrvi.', discontinuing unimporla'it routes and offices, and leaving cutitractors at full lib erty to carry tho mails in such manner as t'ticy may prefer, y "Starving Kunsn." It has not been long since the Northern papers teemed with piteous appeals in behalf of "bleed ing Kansas." The unhappy Territory was re presented as being overrun by hordes of ruth less " border ruffians," who were wantonly butchering every man, woman and child that re fused to bow the knee to slaver'. Tilood the blood of " free-Slate martyrs," in all cases was flowing in torrents ; and Sharp's rifles were prescribed, by Becchcr and other pious doctors, as the only styptic applicable to the case. Emigrant Aid Societies sent forward thousands ! of men without means, to vote and fight for j " freedom." They were not genuine " settlers." Not such as they were the hardy pioneers who subdued the virgin forests of the other new States. They were abandoned villians and cut throats, like Montgomery and John Brown, of infernal memory, or r.nmitigntcd liars, like Red path and other correspondents of the Tribune. They were men who diversified the monotony of murder by robbery nd theft, and who were a terror to all honest citizens. They have suc ceeded in their purpose to renke Kansas a free State. Kansas no lorger "bleeds." She is now playing the "rtsnalinn" ro. The brig ands who "settled" the State, having carried the system of plunder so Eir that it is no longer profitable, and having disdained to cultivate the oil, now find themselves pinched for food. Ap peals are made to CongresSj to the Legislatures of other States, and to the American people, to contribute large sums for the relief of " starving Kansas. Tues rf tlio most unblushing charac ter are put for!h in reird to the rondition of the people of Kansas, and the supplies that are for warded by benevolent dupes arc apprec iated by the fame t;npri:-.c:.leil wretches whose crimes have desolated the land. That there is distress iu Kansas we can readily believe; but that it exists, to any appreciable extent, among any bat the bogus citizens who were sent there in the interest of abolitionism, we have not the rbtest reason for believing. Some of this class perhsps, are starving. It would have been well for the country if they bad been starv ed a dozen years ago. ai in a' Pexsoxal. Commodores Taloall of Geor gia, Rouseau, of Louisiana, and In graham, of South Carolina, late of the United States Navy, are at Montgomery. We also notice at the ho tels many Lieutenants, both of the Array and Navy, whd have lately resigned their commis sions under the united govern ment C. G. Baylor, of " Direct Trade" reputation, in also in Monfim-rr. The Hon. T. Butler King, a leading poii!;Tan in Georgia, and now CoimtL-sir rcr from that State to Belgium, is atoppinj; at the Ex'hi.r. Ck-irtaton Hertvry. Tub Kernel" j Avalanche says that Profes aor Wise, tf aeronautic fame, is at present en pijed n selling apples and candy at the street frtfjer in that ity. f Tbe Peae Cougrets. This body adjourned, tin d'it, on the 27th of February, having adopted a series of proposed amendments to the Constitution, which were transmitted to the Federal Congress with the ro comuiendation they should be submitted to tbe several States for adoption. They are as fol lows : Seenox 1. In all the present territory of the United States, north of the parallel of thirty-six degrees and thirty minutes of north latitude, in- (voluntary servitude, except in punishment of crime, is pronnnioa. in all uie present territory south of that line, the status of persons held to involuntary service or labor, as it now exists shall not b changed ; nor shall any law be pass ed by Congress or tlio Territorial Legislature to hinder or prevent the taking of such persons from any of the States of this Union to said ter ritory, nor to impair the rights arising from said relation, but the same shall be subject to judicial cognizance in the federal courts, according to the course of the common law ; and when any terri tory north or south of said line, within such boundary as Congress may prescribe, shall con- j tain a population equal to that required for a member of Congress, it shall, if its form of gov-j eminent bs republican, be admitted into the Union on an equal footing with, tbe original States, with or without involuntary servitude, as the constitution of such State may provide. Section 9. No territory shsll be acquired by the United States, except by discovery and for naval and commercial stations, depots, snd tran sit routes, without the concurrence of a minori ty of all the senators from states which allow involuntary servitude, and a majority of all the senators from slates which prohibit that relation ; nor shall territory be acquired by treaty, unless the votes of a majority of the senators from each class of states hereinbefore mentioned, bo cast as a part of the two-thirds majority necessary to the ratification of such trenty. Skc. 8. Neither tlio Constitution, nor any amendment thereof, shall be construed to give. Congress power to regulate, abolish, or control, within any State, the relation established or re cognized by the laws thereof touching persons held to labor or involuntary service therein, nor to interfere with or abolish involuntary service in the District of Columbia without the consent' of Maryland and without the consent of the owners, or making tlio owners who do not con sent just compensation j nor the power to inter fere with or prohibit representatives and others from bringing with them to tlio iJisiriet of Colum bia, retaining and taking sway, persons so held to lalior or service ; nor the power to interfere with or abolish involuntary service in places un der the exclusive jurisdiction of the United States within those States and Territories where the same is established or recognized; nor the pow er to prohibit tlio removal or transportation of persons held to lalior, or involuntary service in any State or Territory (hereof where it is es tablished or recognized by law or usage ; and the right during transportation, by sea or river, of touching at ports, shores, nnd landings, and of landing in case of distress, shall exist ; but not the l iht of transit in or through any State or Territory, or of sale or traflie, against the laws thereof. Nor shall Congress have power to authorize any higher rate of taxation on persons held to labor or service than on land. The bringing into the District of Columbia of persons held to labor or service for sale, or pla cing them in depots to bo afterwards transferred to other places for sale as merchandise, is prohib ited. Sec. 4. The third paragraph of t!io second section of the fourth article of tlio Constitution shall not be construed to prevent any of the States, by appropriate legislation, ami through the action of their judicial and ministerial nlliecrs, from cnf.irciilg tlio delivery of fugitives from la bor to tile pursuit to whom such sen ice or labor is due. Sec. S. The foreign slave trade is hereby for ever prohibited ; and it shall be the duly of Con- gross w pass laws to prevent me importation oi i slaves, eoolies, or persons held to service or la- . ... , . ,1 c .i t..-. . from places beyond thu limits thereof. Sue. 6. The first, third, end fifth sections, to- getlier witn tins sccuon oi ticse amendments. ! and the , third paragraph of the second section of j the hr.st article of tho Constitution, and the third i paragraph of the second section rX tho four! .rfM. lkm,.f Lt,.rtl . ,1 1, 1..,1 i. !,'! I.. i. article thereof, shall n.it be am nided or abolished without the consent of all the States. Si: 7. Congress shall provide by law that the United States shall pay to the owner tho full value of his fugitive fiOin labor in all cases where the marshal, or other officer whose duty it was to arrest such fugitive, was prevented from doing so by violence or intimidation from mobs or riot ous assemblages or when, afterarrest, such fugi tive was rescued by like violence or intimidation, anil the owner thereby deprived of the same; and tho acceptance of such payment shall pre clude the owner from further claim tn such fugi tive. Congress shall provide by law for securing to the citizens of each Stato the privileges and immunities of citizens in the several States. The vote was taken by Slates, on each Sec tion separately : On the 1 st Section it stood Avcs 0 Xoc ft. 2nd " " 11 " 8. 2rl " "12 " 7. 4th " " 15 ' 4. fith "1 " fi. fith " " 13 " !t. 7th " " 12 " 7. Tho mtinltcrof States represented was 21. These proposed amendments to the Constitution are to bo submitted to Congress. If they re ceive two-thirds vote in each House, they will go to tho States. If they are then concurred in by (J States, they will be parts of the Coiioti' tution, These "compromises" are expected to quiet tho existing agitations, bring peace to the dis tracted country, retain the border slave States in the Union, and induce the seceded States to re trace their steps and fraternize with Black Re publicanism. In our opinion, the proposed ad justment falls very far short of meeting the ex igency of the hour. We have never believed, however, that the Peace Congress would agree upon any thing that could command tho assent of the Northern Suites, and, at the Fame time, be acceptable to the South. The composition of the body was not such as to justify the be lief that it would produce any thing but a swin dle. The delegates of the free States were mostly fanatical Black Republicans w hile those of the border slave States 'th f-'" honorable exceptions, were notorious subinissionists, who were far more anxious to preserve the Union than to vindicate the rights of the Soulli. They met, and they wrangled for two weeks. They sent telegrams all over the country, announcing, w ith a prodigious flourish of trumpets, that they were certainly going to do something. Finally, the mountain, after all its throes bai brought forth an exceedingly diminutive mouse. Since the day when " The king of France, with forty tlionsand men. Marched op the hill', and then man-he J down Hain,n no more ridiculous farce has ever been enacted. The South, hitherto, has contended for the right of her people to go, with their slaves, in to all the Territories, and insisted that it was the duty of the General Government to protect sla very there. Now, it is modestly proposed that the North shall be permitted to appropriate all tbe territory lying above the line of 36: 30, while Southern emigrants shall be allowed to take their slaves into the territory lying below that line, and to hold them there, fwiW, tbe common law, as expounded by the Federal Judi ciary, shalKbe held to recognize the rights of the slave owner. The common law, as every in telligent man is aware, is constantly appealed to, in the free States, as being opposed to slavery. Judges, in Old and New England and through out the Xorth, solemnly declare that "the com mon law abhors slavery." The BIa"k Republi cans have it in their power to reoVgrnire the Su pretne Court of the United States, so that, be fore the end of the present year, that tribunal "ill be transformed into a judicial Abolition So ciety, eager to decide, upon tfie firt occasion, when the question shall come before them, that "slavery is the creature of positive law," and that it cannot exist in any country where it can only appeal to the common law for support In this convenient manner, slavery is to be exclud ed from all the territory now belonging to the United States; and to this despicable "trick" Southern men, who deserve, for their moral trea son, to die the death of traitors, have assented by their votes. Had they agreed, in express terms, that all the territory should be given up to the grasping spirit of Vie North, such an agreement, treasonable as it would, have been, would have had something manly about ft 68 far as manliness can be predicated of an act essen tially craven in its character for they would have exposed themselves, openly, to the criti cism, and the vengeance, of the outraged people whom they misrepresented in the Congress ; but they hare sneakingly agreed that the same result may be attained by indirection, and, while professing a desiro to protect and secure all the rights of the South in the Territories, they treacherously surrender them. We trust that the individual votes of those who favored this nefarious' scheme will soon be made public, in order that their names may be held up to merited execration. But this is not all. Blavcry in various States is losing ground, aid will soon need room cor respondingly to expand itself in a Southern! rection. Mexico is nearly ripe for incorporation into a Union -with us. The North is resolved to "pen up" slavery within its present limits, with the design of cxtinguishingjt forever ; and the Peaco Congress, yielding to the North, con sents that Mexico shall never be acquired, unless a two thirds mnjority of the Senate from the slaveliol.ling and non-slaveholding States assent to the treaty of acquisition j anil, moreover, the wholo question of slavery, in reference to future acquisitions, is left open, so as to enable the North to carry out. its abolition purposes. We presume there is not a sensible, man in the coun try who believes that Mexico could ever be ac quired, under tlio amendment proposed by the Peace Congress, except as a free State. The proposition, in ellect, is this . if Mexico comes into tlio Union, she shall not come in as a slave State; nor shall any more slave States rfr bo admitted. It is true that amendments are proposed which purport to afford a perpetual guaranty to slavery in the States where it' now exist. This guar anty, however, alTords security only against di rect legislation, on the part of Congress, designed to "regulate, abolish, or control" slavery in the Slates where it exists. If the people of the slave States permit themselves to be deluded in to the belief that this guaranty will avail nny thing as a protection to slavery, they will soon besindeceivcd. Lincoln will appoint no man to office who is not an abolitionist. Ho will tall the Sou'h with his emissaries, who will excite the slaves to revolt, and keep our pcoplu in a state of continual alarm. lie will say that the Constitu- tion does not require him to confer office upon MJl CO IICI . I V Oil, v. 111. u.'io'i, , v., ...... the letter of the Constitution will bo scrupulous- i . r.. !,. ,i...,i.i i, ,i...i ii, I ' ly adhered to. Having ngveed, in order to paci fy the South, that they w ill not destroy slavery by an net of Contrress, the North will stand up ,0 thrt a,m.mct; but, not having stipulated . ,, '" ... . , , .... .. ... ,,.,, thatlliev will not destroy it in any other mode, they v. ill consider themselves at full liberty to employ against it all the destructive agencies they mn dctUo, except an act of Congress. Y hen a n,aok Rc.pllMican who is Um-Ming for your , , . , , n i 0100,1, is once urougui 10 n, compromise, aim I thereby engages that he w ill not shoot you with a musket, yon may, perhaps trust yourselt w ithin range so long as you know that ho car ries no other weapon ; but, if he could shoot you with a rifle or pistol, or hang or drown you, ho would pioudy cxol ilin, to any one who re monstrated with him, that be had observed his compact with religious exactitude. Indeed, Anti-slavery has now acquired such a controlling influence in the Northern and sonic of the Southern States, that it may well afford to agree, in order to keep the South in the Union, that ConyreKi shall not abolish slavery. It has other means equally efficient for tho accomplish ment of its purposes against slavery, which it can so employ as tn root out the institution in less than twenty years, in every slave Slate that shall commit the folly of remaining in tho Un ion. The question of slavery is the only ono that is touched upon by the tinkers of the Peace Congress, and that is so disposed of that the South' concedes every thing, and the North noth ing. If, however, It had been settled upon such a basis as would have commanded the unquali fied approbation of every SoutInM patriot, still, it doe not oiler a remedy for tho evil of the times. With the exception of the isolated sub ject 'of slavery, it leaves the South completely at the mercy ff tho overwhelming and fanatical Northern majority, in regard to every matter of Federal lcglalion. The inestimablo right of secession is, by implication, denied, and the right of tho majority to establish a despotism and enforce its decrees against tbe minority, is impliedly asserted. It is another " wooden horse," which is cunningly presented to us by our enemies as a gift, but w Inch, in fact, has been invented by them for our destruction. It may be that the border slave Slates already half abolitionizcd, as their recent elections show, will humiliate themselves by accepting this ab suid "compromise," in w hich, as Paddy reuiark cil, " all the reciprocity is on one side ;" but we trust that there is not a man in JlissL-sippi, or in the Confederacy, w ho ill consent that any of the sccidcd States shall stultify themselves by imitating the example of the others. For our part, " no reconstruction " is our motto. We are out of the Ucion. Let us keep out, if we are w Ue. y' V ElcmpLis, and Secession. The trade of Memphis since her citizens voted for submission to Lincoln, has very much de creased. The receipts of cotton, for the last month, by the Memphis and Charleston Rail Board, are about one third less than for the cor responding tnonth Ixst, year. The mercliants xf Memphis are Tory anxious to dispose of their, stocks, but we are informed by those w ho have recently visited the city that purchasers are " few and far between." If Tennessee contin ues to occupy her present posture of submission, j this state of things will grow worse and worse. The Atalanrhe says, however, that Tennessee will be certain to go w ith us in the end. We hope it may so turn out, and thatlhe end is not faroif. AYhenTcnm-Rsee offers to enter tbe Con-fedcra-y, we think she should be required, a an evidence of her sincerity, to produce the scalps of Andy Johnson and Emerson Ethcridge. Tint business into w hich the Iienecra Hoy has entered in Xew Orleans, v said to be of the zoological sort, havirg an intimate relation with "tie t;tfr." T Tbe Imcr-State Slave-Trade. Now that the border slave States bare at last been furnished with a pretext for adher ing to the Union and we suppose a misera ble pretext will answer their purpose Just as well as a better one it is naturally to be ex pected that they will ultimately decide, after making a certain Dumber of wTy faces, to give Llack Republicanism "a fair trial." They have a perfect right so to decide, if they think fit ; and, much as we may regret the fact, far be it from us to complain of their decision. In the present juncture of public affairs, the slave State that deliberates, like a wMwnr in the same predicament, is lost Abolitionism, iu all its forms, has hitherto been odious to the Southern people; but now, when cowardice and greed of gain coin bine to repress the natural repugnance of a portion of them to a more iulimate familiari ty with it, it is not difficult to foretell what the end will b. "First they'll endure; then pity ; then embrace." Vilo demagogues, like Andy Johnson and Winter Davis, men who would sell their souls, as tliey have sold their sections, for a mess of pottage, will vie with each other in bidding for the favor of Lin coln and his successors iu office, until the border slave States become as thoroughly debauched and aliolftionized as Hayti or as Massachusetts. If we permit them to do so, they w ill, however, first take the precaution to sell us their slaves. Then, having no longer any pecuniary, interest at hazard, they will become intensely virtuous, like their more Northern prototypes, and begin the pious work of stealing the very property for w hich we hold their bills of sale. With thin prospect before us, wo arc called upon to consider what shall be the policy of the Confederate States. Self-defcnco is the first law of nature; and States, no loss than individual, must either assert their rights under that law, or perish. Iu our judgment, the Congress of the Confederacy, whenever any border slave States shall have announced their filial purpose to remain iu the Union, should enact a stringent law to prevent a single slave from beinr brought thence and r ,s w introduced within our limits. Thenceforth, a sweeping prohibition should be enforced a prohibition which shall not only prevent traders from bringing slaves among us from the non-.:eceding States, but which shall equally prevent our own citizens from going tliither to purchase hlaves to be brought here, ami render it impossible for citizens of those States, tinder any circumstances, to come here with their slaves. This last restriction, we are well aware, will not bo universally popular in the Confederacy. Wo shall be ,uU tm, jt w; mvjJ ,l0 t.,r0L.t f deluding many of those who are anxious to cast iu their lot villi ours, and who would bo most desirable as citizens. This is very true, but it is equally as true that each immigrant of that description, w hile he contributed to in crease our strength ut home, would weaken j our cause in the Mate from which ho eini- j grated. So long as we can keep him there, and keep him interested iu the perpetuation of shivery, so long may we count upon him as a friend. It' he is so strongly determined to transfer his citizenship to one of the States of the Confederacy that lie is willing tc dis pose of his slaves iu order that ho maj carry out Iih purpose, we shall gain, in him, a val uable addition to our number, while the pur chaser of his slaves will still be our friend in the Slate where he remains. We must look, iu lv:isoniiig upon thi great question, to the interests of our own people; and wo shall assuredly err, and .wholly fail to reach it cor rect conclu don in the premises, if we suffer our judgment to bo disturbed by coirsidcra tions foreign to thoo interests. Many of us, no doubt, arc personally acquainted with iiidiidual ilk the border slave States who aoul 1 gladly come here, with their slave property, if they were permitted to do so, rather tluin submit to tho rule of Lincoln, but who would not I willing to sell their slaves. It is natural that wc should thiukof the effect, upon that cla's of our fiVnds, of the legislation wc have indicated ; but, nt the same time, wa should bear it in mind that selfishness is the first duty of every govern ment. Wc mean, hereby, to be understood as sayincr, that, while no government has any authority to encroach upon tho rights of oCicr pcoplesvor upon the rights of indiud mds, it is the highest duty of every govern ment to adopt such measures as will most ef fectually promote the advantage of its own citizens, without regard to the effect of those measures upon the iuterett of others. y 11vI3attou of the 2ZiMixippl. Tus Provisional Congress has enarted a law to seenro tire peaceful navigation of the Mississippi to the citizens of all the States upon its borders, and upon the borders of its navigable tributaries, subject only to such restrictions as are necessary in order to pre vent frauds upon the revenue laws of the Colifederacy. Such citizens arc to have the free riht of transit upon the River, "without any chity or hindrance except light money, pilotage, and other like charges," for the purpose of passing from port to port beyond the limits of the Confederacy ; but they will not lw permitted to unlade, or dispose of, any portion or their cargoes, within our ju risdiction, without paying the Mine duties that are collected from our own citizens un der the penalty . of forfeiting the goods and incurring a liability, as against tlio offending vessel, of four times the amount of the duties chargeable upon the goods. Special provis ion is made fr cases of stranding, or other inability to proceed npon the voyage. Tin ?tate Capitol at Milledgeville, Ca., waa dstmyed by fireon Sunday morning before last The archive of the State were saved, "but be yond this the extent of the damage is not stated. The origin of the fire is yet unknown. A lei. TV. Campbell, U. S. Attorney for the Western District of Tennessee, has resigned be cause be will not hold office under Lincoln. Right; but there are enough of Johnsons and Etberidgea in Tennessee to fill all the offices that Linccla has to betow. Tbe TuriiT of tbe Confederacy. The Provisional Congress has adopted the revenue laws of the United Stales they stood in November last, extending the list of free ar ticles so as to embrace agricultural products provisions and munitions of war. This legis lation, we- presume, is designed to be merely temporary. Tho expenses attending the insti tution of a new Government will be very great ; and, therefore, it was proper to retain the old ratejif duties in order to provide the necessary means for carrying on its operations. It is very possible that we shall soon be engaged in a war ; and, for that reason, it was' wise to guard ari in t the enhancement of the prices of such things as will be of the first necessity to the government itself in that contingency. In short, the new tar iff is an experiment It imposes no new bur thens upon our people. It may produce a rev enue more than adequate to tho wants of tho government If this shall prove to be the case, it w ill be easy to reduce the scale of duties to tho revenue standard. It Is clearly impossible, how er, to foresee what amount of money will be re quired by the government; and, therefore, it was politic to make a very ample provision. If any error has been committed, it is an error upon the safe side. ,We are altogether opposed to the principle of a tariff. It is an insidious method of indirect taxation, devised for the purpose of blinding tins people as to the actual amount of their contri butions for governmental objects. Even when most fairly Imposed, it operates unequally and with great injustice, exonerating the wealthy from their due proportion of the public burthens, the weight of which is chiefly thrown upon the middle and poorer portion of tho people. Tho present tariff w;w framed npon the protective principle, and, instead of being levied upon every description of imported goods alike, it discrimi nates between different articles, with tlio avow ed olject of favoring particular branches of do mestic industry. Considering this tariff as a provisional measure, of a merely temporary cliur acter, designed only to meet the exigency of the moment, w e have no objection to urge against it ; but, if a tariff policy is to be- permanently sad dled upon the? people of tho Confederacy, wo trust that tho duties will be levied alike upon every thing that is iinportc' f.'om abroad, so a to support the government by hat shall literally be a tax upon consumption in general, alit not, as now, a tax upon the consumption of paiTtcu lar articles. Free trade, with direct taxation, is the policy we favor. We are aware- that direct taxation is regarded by many as impracticable. It is said that th"- people would not submit t it. They do submit to it, however, for State purpo ses; and, although many of them might complain of it fir federal objects, their complaints would ha stilled as soon as it was explained to them that they were required to pay a far smaller tax, in this direct form, than they would pay, tincon-aciou.-ly and by indirection, under the tariff sys tem. lircct taxation is not only the most ju.-t system, upon principle, because it taxes eery man in proposition to his property, but it also af fords an admirable check against corruption and extravagance in the government V W'ur Is I:itiir:irzii. The iiia'i'iiral of the rail-splitting President of the United States, a synopsis of which appears under tho Telegraphic head, iu another column, breathes only y.-ar With studied hypocrisy, such as might have been expected at tile hands of a Black Republican, Mr. Lincoln pretends that lie is not going to make war. lie tells the people of the Confederate Stat.-s that "they can have no conflict without hi i:ig the aggressors;" and he also tells them, in tha same breath, that he intends "to hold, occupy and possess the pro perty and places belonging to tin government, anil collect the duties 011 imports." Ho says to us, "tho Government will not assail you," ac I, at the very moment, be is making his preparations , for an assault upon us. Wc d m't much mind bis stupid declaration of war; but wo h resent the insult to the understandings of our people which is implied in his supposition that they can be induced to believe the sneaking (alsehn id with which ho geeks to cover his infernal malignity of heart. Mr. Lincoln will wage war upon us. So he ii. With a firm reliance upon Divine Providence, our penplo will accept tho bloody issue thus forced upon them. On our part, it is the holiest war in which a people can engage a war in de fence of our hearths and homes, a contest from which wc cannot shrink without degradation. Wc have no-fcars for the result. War, under any circumstances, is a great calamity; but it is to be welcome J, with all itj trials, when suljection is the sole alternative. "Thrice is he arm'd that hath his quarrel just," and tho same God of Rattles who went forth with the men of "ii and aided them to strike the legions of the oppressor, will fight iipon our side in the coming struggle, and give victory to our arms, and a solid peace, with all ius happy fruits, to our beloved confederacy, y Wk were present op Wednesday last at a trial made by a party of ejetitleiio n, of the army rifles, manufactured iu I.i.'e, IUjrium, and sent to the L)iiect Trade Company of this city. The puns tried were of the En field pattern of riflis, and are a very liht, strongly made weapon, aifaptcd for the use of Ihjht infantry and sharp shooters. They have the sword bayonet attached, and carry a lar-e conical bull, something like that of the Minnie rifle. Targets were set np at the distances uf one hundred and twenty, four hundred, nine hundred, and eleven hundred yards. At the distance of one hundred and twenty yards the target was riddled with bullets, and although no accurate charge wa used, or particular care ob-erve.I in load ing, " the balls passed clear tlinuih hard. water-seasoned wood, nina inches thick, of which the target was ina If. At " four hun dred yards the bails were buried in the wood, the same charge bt-inj nsed as on the other triaL At the distances of nine and eleven hundred years, the distance being so great, and the geutleiiicn being inexperienced in shooting at such a range., of curo no great accuracy could be expected, yet in ev ery cao the balls fell beyond the mark, showiug clearly that tlio enns were effective, and in the hands of experienced men, could be made to do deadly service. The result of the experiments was to fully satisfy the whole party m-iking them, of the Value of the rifles for military purpose, and our read era will find in another column their certifi cate to that effort. We should be gl.nl to see active cp3 taken to arm the lij;ht tnops of the South with these weapous. They can be furnished, we understand, at reason able prices and in any quantity, within sixty -or ninety days after the ord -r U given. Samples can be seen at the ol!i -c of Mr. II. S. Fulkerson, Secretary of the Direct Trade Cwmpanr., 84 Common street, tin stairs. That gentleman has authority to make con- j tracU for any quantity of the nib-, and can furnish al! necessary "atticular r-jrarding tLem. -i . V. (.rrtftrt. .'Srifjjrajjic $nttllistnri Sraopsisef Mr. Lincoln's Inaugural Address. WasniNGToVf, March 4. Mr. Lincoln, in bis Inaugural Acjdress said : There lias never been a reasonable cause for the apprehension that the scc irity of Southern property or the peace of the nation would be endangered by the acces sion of a republican Administration. lie quotes his spefches, declaring it was not the purpose of the republican party to interfere, directly or in directly, w ith slavery in the States w here it ex ists. He does not mean to construe the Consti tution by hypercritical rules. He holds that by universal law and the t 'onstitution the union of these States is perpetual. If the United States lie not a Government proper, but an association of States, In the nature of contracts can the con tract be pacifh-ally annulled without the consent of the contracting parties? I consider the Union unbroken, and shall take care, to the best of my ability, as the Constitu tion expressly enjoins that the Federal laws shall be faithfully executed in all the States. In do ing this there need be no blood shed or violence, and there shall be none unless it be forced upon the National authority. The power confided to me will be used to bold, occupy and possess the property and places belonging to the Govern ment, to collect the d'lties on imports; but be yond what may be necessary for these objects, there will be no using force against, oramongtlic penplo anywhere. Tho mails, unless repelled, will continue to be furnished. Tho courso hero indicated w il! be followed unless current events shall show a modification or change to be proper. The Constitution does nt expressly say whe ther fugitive slaves shall be surrendered by Na tional or State authority. It does not express ly say Congress may prohibit slavery in the Ter ritories, nor expressly say Congress must pro tect iUvcry in thu Territories. On these ques tions tho mnjority or minority must govern, or tho Government must cease. The central idea of secession is unarcliy. Tho rule of majority is wholly inadmissablo. I d m't f rget the posi- 1 tion assumed by some, that the Supreme Court lstoilecideConstit'ilionalipi.-stions.norlliatsuch decisions must be bi idiii upon tlie litigants, .... . , ,. ... while such uYcimoiis are entitled to very bit;li re- sped and con:dderalien in all parallel case: , by all tho ofher d epartments of the fiovernment. One section bi lieves slavery rilit nnd ought to be extended, another secli iii believes slavery wrong anil ought not tub'? extended. On a wp aration, one section would ultimately revive the slave trade, and the other refuse to surrender it by revolution. I Iu has no ol j'-ctioii tn the amendment proposed by Cong! ess, prohibiting the tiovermnent from ever interfering with sla very hi the Slates, including that of persons held to service, express or irrevocable. Ni authority is conferred n the K'.ecutive to fix the terms for the si'p'initio yf St ite-i. His duty is to presiTVe the Government and transmit it to his succes sor unimpaired. No Administration can very seriously ii jure thu Go', eminent in four years. lie conjures his countrymen to thinlt calmly on the whole si'bj-ct. lb- says the Constitution is unimpaired, and (he laws of your own fram ing under il, and there is no single ,'ood reason for preclpitatu action. Intelligence, pa'rintism, Christianity, and a firm reliance on 1'rovi lice, are iMiirietcrit to a ljut our present difficulties. Li your hand -,nivd:Sa'i-red f.ll.iM-counlryiner, not niin?, is the mom 'nt mis issue of civil war. Tho Government w ill not assail you. Toil can have no conlljet without being the agitsfors. You have tn'. en no oath to destroy tho Govern ment. I shall take a most solemn oath to pre serve, protect auil defend the Government. Wc are not enemies but friends. AiWniisaa Mute Convention. Litti.r Hock, Jlarch 4. Ill Convention the Uiiiotiists have a small majority. Virginia going t, or coercion by Lincoln alone will make the Cuionista act immediately. Secssion caucus Saturday night, drank Coleman's health. Tbirthy-siitli Coagresa Second Krssion. Wasiiinotiin, March 4. Congress was in ses- sion until twelve o'clock to day. Vien President i Itrcckin.iilge made' a farewell speech, followed by one from Hamlin. Rreckinridgn administered thcoath to Hamlin, and then declared the Senate adjourned tine die. Innuiiniti .ii cfalr. Lincoln. Washington, March 4. As the inauguration ceremonies were about commencing a full corps of diplomalists arrivcL sections cordially met Extremists from loth ! tt . ... , i Senators Mason and Hunter were the only prominent men whose absence was noticed. SKrrn.iL cfiUiesof old Abe were suspended from the masts of vessels in tho harbor of New Yoik on Monday last. (Our Mrto itetisfumifs. Pifusic Teaching. MISSrECELlK LEUTI hx dn-H -d ti remain soui lime in Ovittd. nnd is desiimis of oliti.ir.. ingacia-s in Vocilan'l Inr.tnimoTital I.Iu- sio ItiKMiw at Ii residence uf JLa, lloiiey, oppo site the K;ii.coi.il Church. Manhai. IStil. 40-lf. NOTICE rp) ALL rni MNS CLAIM JN'( or having an in 1 terest, cii'.cr L-g.il or equitalde in the buds here inafter described, at the time the none was aold for tax s, and auch other iR-rsous ai may be iuicrcjrtcd then in : Y"ou are hereby notified that t hare Ccd my bill iu the Chancery Court of the County of Lji'.neUe, Slate of Mis-i-si;ipi, to have my tille made perfect and val id to the Stuih-wei qunrler of Set lion Seven, Town ship Ten, lltiii-' Twii West, and the Xoiili-wtst qn.ir-t-r of S t-tiou E g'.iecn. Township Ten, Kange Two WV-t, all bhig in Lie County f Lafayette m I Slate of Miss-s-ippi, afariti I. ngiint all persons rfaimin or having any interest in said lands, widt h existed at tlie time tiie fumf were sold for tws, and that the samo wee a i!d for I oi oa the ith day of April, lSI, to Cbaih-s fi. B aler, and rnnrey.-il by deed ti hint t'te same day aid conveyed to me hy Hurlina W. HutJ-T, ExivutrU of, sai.lChai4-it. P.utier, deceased. You a:e then fre noiiticd to lie and sppar at said Court on the 22 I day of April, lsfil, it bcinz the tiisjt dny of a Term of aiid Court, to be he! I at Ox ford, for said County, in sai l Mat, on t'.n 4th II Jn d iy after the 4t'i .Mandiy in March, lsfil, to sbow caie rinst said tax title, aid whr m ti'ls should ma be confinu-1 JOllX TIIOMPSOX. March 4, lsol. 4o-3kla. (tllMLiU' (Olitr, IIklb at Rett., is tin Clcek's Omen, at Ononn, LArAVirrs Coixrr, ilts-iss rri. Robust and Ctbesa IIaxxa 1 VPOX orcning and vs. V ren-Ibis Coaiplsinr-nta' Ai.tTAinEB Clatto. ) Itiirot CmpUinl here in, and it appearing by affi laiit of Coaiplainants, tij.it Cm? f. f.'iidant, AVxsn ler Clayton, is a non-resi-d: nt ol thisS't-ite, an I n-si I . n-y.u.l t;- li.niis there of, so t'i il the or-Hurr pmtw of this Court cannot be S'rred upon hiin. It is now ordered thai unless tlie said H -fcn laat appear before the C iancenr Court of t Cimitr on or lif-for the fourth Mmd iV after tbe f.Hirth Monday in S. ptenitwr, 1SC1. and answ-r. plead or demur to tlie wtid li.ll, the matters and tiiina : therei i cinti'ued wid lw taken for conn-seed against Inm, an I t.usi-se -t for iHiniurei part". It is als ' "t a.eopv ortl.n oid r he piU.shed m the . ' " " ' r;,'wnwiper.riinea in tbe tnwa uf OaiVn-L for four wet-it anexs-ssiveiy. . U. Y At. Oil AN, Clerk. iarvh 1, I5C1. 40-iw. HOttAIH) ASSOCIATION PHILADELPHIA. ' A Brneroltnt Inntilulion txlablUked Jy nmio durmtHt, or the Kditf of tlu SUIc and Jutnm, . ed, ajfuied vith YirtUeut and ijtijnuie and c 7-w.Vy for th Cvre of Jjucaut of tkt vnt iryom. MEDICAL ADVICE given gratia, br the AetW Surgeon, to all whu apply by letter, with a ae! seription of their condition, ((fe, ooeua-ion, halijfe of life, Le.,) and in vases of extreme povertr Hedi. tints fm lii-sl.cd free of charge. ' ' VALUABLE KEl'OKTS on Sperniatorrto., 11M other liisensea of the cxual Organs and oa the .VKW REMEDIKS employed in the bispensnr, sent to the aiilieted in sealed letter envelopes, free' of chaise.-. Two or three Stamps fur" postage will be acwnulile. Address. IK. J. KIL1.I.N' HOfUHTOX, Actin, Surgeon, Howard Association, No. 2 South KinU Street, Philadelphia, l'a. IJv order of th Directors. ElRA D. IIEAKTWELL, relent ' OEO. FAIItt IliLl), Secretary. March 6, 1801. 40-1t. Notice rpo ALL rEKKOXS CLAIMING or having aa in- JL terest, either legal or equitable, in the land here inafter described, at the time the mine was aold for tales, and tuch other persons us uiuy be interested tiiereiu : You are hereby notified that I have filed my Bill in the CiixKiit Court of Chancery for the County of Lafayette in the State of Mississippi, to have my till made perfect and valid to the Xorth-rast quarter of S.vtion Tail ty -two. Township Ten, Hange One West, lying ill siid County in said State, aj,-iiut all parties claiming or having any interest iu said land which ex isted at tlie time tiiu same was wild for taxes; ami that said land wag sold fur taxes on the itd day of May, IMS, and conveyed by deed to mo on the aaiue day. You are notified to he and appear at said Court oa the 22 I day of Ap.il, 1801, being a day of a Term of said Court to lc held at Oxl'oid, for said County, in said St ile, on the 4tli Monday afier llio 4th Mon day in M.ovii, 1 Sill, to show cause against said Ut title, and wliv my title should not lie continued. V. 0. W II.SOX. March ft, ISf.l. 40-SHds. NOTICE. " rpo ALL rKRSOXS CI,.VIMIX m luvhi an-m. I terest, either legal or equitable, in the IhiiiI here inafter ileseribcd,, at the time the mine was soM for laves, and Mieli other ieiuiia aa may be interested therein : You ure hereby notified that I have filed my liiU in the Circuit Court of Ch.mccrv for tiie I 'mint v of layette ill the Stato of Mississippi, to hae my title made pciteel ami valid to the Xortb-west qnaitrr uf rt:"." 1 '"""'.""P. 10 West, ! lyuij; 111 sjod t nuiity, m s.ud Mate, against all partint i-i,,!,,,!,,,, ,. Imving nv interest in said land. wluYh ri- j i-led nt the time the sir.io waa sold for tnvr; and Hint suid laud was sold liir taxes on the 3d uf Mav. 1S.XS, and conveyed by died to uie on the name dav. You are notified to la- nml appear at said Court, (in thu a-Jd day of April, lsill, being a day of a Term of said Court to be held at Outbid, for said County, in said Slate, on the 4ih Mouu.n alter the 4th Moti lity in Match, lsill, to Miow -aune against mid tax title, and wiry my litle should not be confirmed. 1). C. WILSON. Muivh , lstii. 4i-:iod. Notice rpt) AU. raiSOXNtXAIMIXG or Imvlrf a h- 1. terest, either legal or equitably. In the land here inafter described, nl it.e time the mine was sold for taNcs, and tikh other pcisoi.a a may be iutvi-eated therein : You ure hereby notified time I have filed aiy Rill in the Ciu uit Coin l of Cluuiei 1) for the County of La layette, in the Stj.te of Mississippi, (0 have my title made peiliet and vu.iil to thu Ninth-east quarter of S.iticui Time, Township Xine, llaiige 4 West, lying hi Slid County, iu s.ti.1 Slate, aguinstall parties elaim ii'gor having any interest in mid land, which existed at the time the None wussold for tuxes; and that said land was wild for taxes 011 thu itd day of May, 1858, and conveyed by deed tu me en the nunc day. Y'ou are iiotilu d to be and aiioear at suid Court en J the 'e:Jd day of April, 1,'iil, Is nig aday uf a term of sanl I 0111 1 to lie held nl Oxlord, lor said Comity, iu said State, en the 4ih Motid..y ulter the 4th Monday i.'i Miueii, I; til, to flioT ww why my tide should not beci.iitirined. 0. t'l W ILSOX. March 11, lMil. 4K.iut.ls. r.OTM K rpOA!., mnSOXS CLAIMING or having an In i tt iest, eiiiu r lcgid or equitable, in the laud here itinl'ter licse-iils-d, at the lime the same was sold for taxi s, and sueh oloer peisona as may be iutereatcd llmviii : Yon are hereby notitied that I have filed my Dill iu tiw I'itvuil CiMirt uf Chancery for the isauMy nf Ld'ayelte in the St ate of Mississippi, tu have my title made pel feet unit valid to the South-east quart f Section Ts'cnly-oiMv Tuwnship Xine, Range Three Wjst, lying in said county la mid Suite, against all parties elsimiiig or having any iuteicst in mid buKt, which exblcil at the time tiie same was sold for luxes; mid thai suid land was sold fur taxes on the Sd day of May, IfiiH, and conveyed by deed to uie on the nhm day. J i on are no;iiu o m ne ami npear ut said (owl an the day of .piil, IsiU, being a day of a term of said Court tu be held at Oxford, for said counlv iusaid State, on toe 4 111 Moudity ullrr the 4th Monday in March, lsiil, to show i4i,su xgains) said tax titU-, a4 wliv my title iiio.il I nut be voiilinued. 1. C. WILSOX. March , ISiil. 4o-aod. 4 T I v i: rp ALL rtKSONS CLAIMING or having aa ia 1 terest. either lce.il or euuituhle. In the land law. "la,1,'r itescnlieil. at ilie tune the same waa sold for t ixes, and such oilier persons as may be interested ti:t.reiu: Y'iiu are lien -by notified that I have filed my BifJ iaj the Circuit Court ol Chancery for the county of l liiyette iu the State of Mississippi, to have my title made perfect and valid to the North-west quarter nC Section Six, Township .Nine, Lange Three West, ly ing in said comity in said Slate, against all parlo-n claiming or having any interest in said land, which existed A the tihie the same was sold lor taxes; anil that said laud w.u aold for taxes on the Xd day uf May, lb:m, and conveyed by deed to n,c on tbe sume day. Y'on are not "ed to lie and appear at said Court on the 22d day of April, ISO, Ining a day of a term of said Court to Ik- held at Oxford for said county in mni St ate, mi tlie 4 th Mon.iay alter tlie 4th Motiitay tn Mai c!i, lst'ii, to show cause against said tax title, aa4 why luy tille shoulj nut be i-oiihiincd. D. C. WILSON. March 6, ISf.l. 40-WHU. t.lWCI'UV t'OlKT, Ilixn at Ri'LK. iv Tim Clkrk's Ornca, at Oiroae, Coi-ntt or Latavimtk, State or Missisairri. Mart E. Jounsos ) vs. i'.ILL FOR DIVORCE. U. P. JllllXSON. ) IT POX o -cuing and reading Complainant's Rill of J Complaint herein, and it appearing by affidavit of Comphiinant that the l loreLoit, K. P. Johnson, i a noii-iesid.trt of the Mate of Alisaiseinpi, and re sides beyond tlie Iituita t.icicof, an that toe ordinary process of this Court cannot be served npon hint; it is aow urden-d toat unless the said Defendant appear In-fore the Chancery Court of tlie County and State aforesaid, on or leti tiie 4th Monday ai'UT the 4th Momlay i:i M i vh, IStil, and answer, dead or demur to Lite raid Hill, tiie nuttera and liiinpa in aaid Kill contained, will be taken for confessed aa to fain wad this case set for bearing ex parte. It is also erdVred, iitat a copy of this order be puliiislied in the "Oxford Intelligencer," a public newspaper published in tlie Iowa of Oxford, for four weeks sucmwTelv. W. O. VAl'CtUAX, Clerk. Bat.r & IIorsr.VAS, t Solkilo.- for Complainant, f March , 1861. 40 1 NOTICE TO ALL PERSON'S CLAIMINU or harm an in terest, eilaer 1 -g-d or equilalde, in the land here inafter deseribx-d, at the ti.iie the sane wa aold for taxes, and sueh vtner persons aa anay be intereMrd then in : You are hereby notified that we hare filed onr Bill in the Chanorry Court of tbe County of Lafayette, Stste of 5Lss:ppi, to Lave onr title amde perfect and valid to tit Kwt half nf Sect ion Twenty-two, Towra-hip Ten, K-r.re Tare West, lyif ta the Cow. IV of Lataytte and Stite of Missi:wp, aarainst all pcrms eiaiming or haling any rnVn-M in mid land, ilie h existed at the time the mute waa an) J & taxes, and that the name was sold fur Uxm on the 7th oar of April, 1817, tiC. A. Lewera and OKireyed to huw by deed tne same day, and i"i,i by him to ti. W. 1'arin, who wild tiie mme to us. Vow mrr therefore aotioed to be anil appear at saj 1 Co irt oa the t lat dav of Oo toln-r, lst',1, it being tlie first day of a Tern of aaid Court, to ! held at Oxford, for aaid Conr, in aaid Stats, on the 4ih Mondav after tlie 4di alondar ta September, IS.;l, toshowraose apain.- mid tat title. an.i wayourtiUe r title aliould But be rnnfirmrd. ROBERT HAXXA, . CYREXA 1HXXA, MeA 4, 1s t. au-lOda.