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i -1 'at Jt.,U Hi. yd -a vjjs j ;.U u r wi'l k-s o -oil : f ( HQWADFiVLCONER, ; tt- The SotithernCoiLfedgcy. 7J PITOE & PJlOiIETQrl, y m ; M; ; ami s KHraHm s raKts: vi i w a sun br r ft a a at . - sr -.9 . . w & a a. a mm m mm & m . . js a . . m. i mat i ' . i m 1 w a at i f ( r s, r -y 1 " - - - - - , .. - t t . .. -tw r--T"i - t 1 - . , - ... - : ' ; s '4 J-'i'i :'. t J-'.i ,.r, .!'' , THE INTELLIGENCER, U Published Every Wedneadar Moriuj IT OXFORD, MISSISSIPPI. , I-iT" Subscription prioe 2; vtbictlt nr AiiTAirns. Ko nuWription will b entered without the CASH. OFFICE In the Muonio Building, up atirn, aouth lide of th Publie Square, RATES OF ADVERTISING. T9 IJXU MASS OXI M)CAm. , fi tm 6m 12m 1 Square 4 00 f 00 $18 00 .8 Squares , 8 00 18 00 18 00 J Squares 12 00 15 00 0 00 Pne-fourth oolumn 16 00 SO 00 . 80 00 Jlalf column B5 00 8 J 00 80 00 Jhree-fonrths column 85 K) 60 00 65 00 Une column 45 IK) 60 OO 80 00 - Advertisements mar be renewed at anytime by pay ing for composition f 1 per thousand ems. Dlnpluyed advertisemeuU charged for the space oc cupied. Leaded notices charged IS cents a lino. Articles of a personal character only admitted at the option of the Proprietor, and charged 20 cents a line. The pay for yenrly and half yearly advertise ments due quarterly, and those inserted for less than throe months, the pay due when the advertisement is nit Transient advertisements payable in advance. Announcing Candidates for Citr offices .... $ t SO " " Oountyoffiees 6 00 " " District and State.. 10 00 to be paid Invariably in advance. for tks Orfori InttU igtncer. LAND OF THE SOUTH I BY A. F. LEONARD. Ais: "Fritnd af my Kml." I.AMn of the South I the fairest land Beneath -Columbia's sky 1 Troudly her hills of freedom stand, Ucr plains In beauty lie. Her dotted fields, her traversed streams Their annual wealth renew. Land of the South I in brightest dreams No dearer spot we view. Mem of the South t A frcc-hnrn race, They Touch a patriot line; Ready the foemau's van to face, And guard their country's slirine. By siro and son a haloing lilit Through time is borne along: They "nothing ask but what is right, And yield to nothing wrong." Fair of the South I rare beauty's crown Yo wear with matchless grace; No classic fair of old renown Deserve a higher place. Your vestal rubes alike become The palace and the out;. Wives, mothers, daughters 1 every home Ye make a cherished spot. Ki.ao of tho South 1 Aye, fling its folds Upon the kindred breeze; Emblem of dread to tyrant holds Uf freedom on tho seas I Forever mny its stois and stripes , In cloudless glory wuve; Red, white and blue eternal types Of Buttons free and biavel Ptatks of the South! the patriot's boast! Here equal laws have away : Nor tyrant lord, nor despot host, Upon the weak may prey. Then let them rulo from sen to sea. And crown the queenly isle: Union of love and liberty, 'Neath heaven's approving smile! flon of the South ! l'roteet this land From false and open foes! Guided by Thine all-ruliag hand In vain will hate oppose. So mote the Ship of Suite move on Upon the unfuthomed sea; Gallantly o'er its sui-ges Iwrne The bulwark of the free! Soith Carolina Rbmisiscfncks. A corres pondent, writing from Charleston, among other things, nays : " I wa yesterday introduced to one of the Lieutenants of tho rt piiltir nrmy of South Carolina, who is a lineal descendant of William Washington, the exvtsin of the "Father br his Country." McPhexson Washington owns that fcelchratcd 'crimson flag of Eutaw,' which wait carried at that famous fight, as well as at Cowpens. There is a story connected with that famous piece of cloth that deserves narration. Just before the battle of Eutaw, William Wash ington called upon a lady and asked her for something reLto inspire tho hoys in the coming Tfight Sho withdrew, and returned with tho de sired color, carefully wrapped up. Our Revolu tionary mothers wore red petticoats in those days, and, not being able to obtain any thing else, She sacrificed her crimson jupt on the altar of her country. The jupt was carried into ma ny a hotly contested field, and, wherever it was seen, the boys thought of their sweethearts and wives at homo, arid struck for freedom with ter rific force. That little flag is Still borne by the Palmetto soldiers, being in tho present custody of the Washington Light Infantry." Spirit of the Timet. P-ORTS OF ESTRT, CoSFEDERATB STATES. The following places have been declared "por of entry and delivery" in the Confederate States, hnder the act of February 28th, 1801 : Norfolk, at Nelms's Landing on the Mississip pi river. Hernando, on the Mississippi and Tennessee Railroad. Holly Springs, on the Mississippi Central Railroad. F.astport, on the Tennessee river. Cttrinth, at the crossing of the Mobile and Ohio, and of the Memphis and Charleston Rail road. Athens, on the railroad from Decatur to Pti laski. Stephenson, at the junction of the Memphis nd Charleston, and of the Nashville and Chat tanooga Railroads; Atlanta, at the junction of the Georgia Rail Voad, the Western and Atlantic, and various oth r railroads. Ch ester, at the junction of the Charlotte and Columbia, and of the King's Mountain Railroad. Florence, at the junction of tho Wilmington and Manchester, and of the Northeastern, and f the Cheraw and Darlington Railroads. C d. C. P. Polk, uncle of the late ex President Polk, has been appointed Collector at Corinth. A Hard Crowd. A dispatch hi the Rich nood Enquirer gives the following picture of the strangers who now abound in Washington : 'th inferior appearance, pinched and conning features and scanty wardrobes of the thousand visitors here is tho nubject of general remirk. The conductors of the various railroad trains say that on an average there is only one trunk to one hundred passengers. The rest are sup plied with carpet bars. The hotels and boaixl lng houses a-k fay irt advance. The hatKhicn grumble at the meanness of visitors." The bers and bootblacks sre momentarily asked Pr the loan of rators and brushes without even re ceiving thanks in return : all of which painfully exhibits the difference between the new pstrons and the princely Southerners. Srsen.AR Eoriss AasAjniKiiETr. tt is said that in Denwiark earrisre horses are tan?ht tt step hy the substituti!h of magnifying glasses for blinkers. Thy mUtake every p-b He for boulder, ind lift their legs accordingly; This snust be in the same place where green spectacle are worn by ja-k:Uscs, who thus siip fww having to lx i' p of bsy. I- . ' I - . ''Army Appoinimeijts. The following Appointments have been mad to the Army of the Confederate States, and con firmed by the Congress: Brigadier General Saml Cooper, Virginia. ADJCTAST GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. ' ,. Libctbsabt-Coxonei, Geo. Deasv Louisiana. , Majors David R. Jones, Georgia; Hugh Lswsoti Clay, Alabama. .... c"A'"s John Withers;' MTssiss'inpi j Rob ert C. Wood, Louisiana. : quartermaster's department. Liei tenant Colonel Abrabarh C. Myers, Louisiana. . . Major J. Lawrence Calhoun, Georgia." ' ' SCBSISTISCB DEPARTMEXT. "' ' ' CAPTAiKSr-Jolin T. Shaaff, District of Co lumbia ; William P. Howard, Louisiana ; John M. Gault, Georgia. CORPS or KXOINEERS. Majors Wm. H. C. AVhiUng, Mississippi! Danville Leadhettcr, Alabama. Captains Walter II. Stevens, Texas ; Wm. B. Roggs, Georgia; Wm. II. Echols, Alabama; Samuel H. Lockctt, Alabama. COUPS, OF ARTILLERY. . Majors Samuel G. French, Mississippi; John G. Barnwell, South Carolina. Captains Wra. G. Gill, Virginia John H. Forney, Alabama; George T. Andrews, South Carolina; John C. Booth, Alabama; Jolm C. Moore, Tennessee; Johnson K. Duncan, Loui tiiana ; Stephen D. Lee, South Carolina ; Jolm P. Vniinigne, South Carolina ; Wru. D. Pender, North Carolina; Alfred B. Chapman, Alabama; Frederick L. Childs, South Carolina ; , Phijip Stockton, South Carolina ; Hypolite Oladowski Louisiana. Fir-st Liei-tenants AVilliam Butler, South Carolina ; Joseph P. Jones, North Carolina ; Edward F. Bagley. Alabama ; Geo. S. James, South Carolina; i'harles I). Anderson, South Carolina; Alfred T. A. Tarbet, Delaware; Fitr hugh Lee, Virginia ; Thomas J. Berry, Georgia ; Moses J. White, Mississippi; James' H. Hallon quist, South Carolina ; Rob't F. Beckham, Vir ginia ; Joseph Wheeler, Georgia ; John R. B. Burtwell, Alabama; Benjamin F. Sloan. South Carolina; Francis A. Slioup, -Florida; J. Gibbs Barnwell, South Carolina ; James L. Kcnnard, Mississippi ; S. C. Williams, Georgia; John Pel ham, Alabama; Thomas I.. Rosser, Texas; W. Hives, District of Columbia ; Alfred Khett, S. Carolina, Second Liei-texants John O'Brien, Texas '; Charles P. Ball, Alahnma ; Lucien D. Sundridge, Louisiana ;- George tl. Frost, Louisiana ; Felix II. Robertson, Texan; P. M. U. Young. Georgia; John Lane, Oregon ; John II. Kelly, Alubama ; George N. Reynolds, South Carolina ; R. L. Sweetman, Florida. .INfANTRY. (Tulonei. Earl Van Dorn, Mississippi. Majors Lafayctto McLaws, Georgia ; Alfred Ciimnting, Gcorjrin. Captains William!.. Walker, Florida; John W. Fruzicr, Mississippi; John Dnnnivant, 8. Canilina ; Thomas R. McComit-ll, Georgia ; The odore O'Hara, Alabama; .fas. L. Corley, South Carolina; George W. Ctinn, Virginia; Alfred Iverson, Jr., Georgia; Robert (. Oolo, Florida; Philip A. Owen, Alabama; Edwin J. Harvie, Virginia; William M. Walker, Alabama; T. M. Philips, Mississippi; N. G. Wntts, Mississippi; j .Inlin J. A. A. .Mouton, l.oiiisiann ; i'.dvrard S. j Willis, Georgia; James Barron, Georgia ; (. J. Soiiuncs, AlaUama ; J. G. lilonnt, tieorgia; Jas. Hamilton, South Carolina; II. L. Farley, South Can 'I ilia ; Joseph K. Dixon, Mississippi; John R. Blocker, South Carolina; John Scott, Vir ginia; Benjamin King, District of Columbia; lames E. MeP. Washington, South Carolina ; T. J. Burton. Georgia ; Alfred M. O'Neal, Ala biuna; J. G. Ashe, Florida; John Percy Walk er, Alabama ; Campbell Tracy, Georgia ; Thos. W. Hunt, Mississippi ; J. M. Berrien, Georgia ; Samuel B. Pickens, South Carolina; J. L. W. Ilariston, Mississippi ; William B. Ochiltree, Texas ; John 1). Walker, Georgia ; Glover A. Ball, Florida ; W. W. Kirklatid, Georgia. Fikst LiEfTENAvrs Alfred E. Latimer, South Carolina; Richard V. Bonneau, South Carolina ; Milancthon Smith, Alabama ; Arthur Sliasf, Georgia; Alexander B. Montgomery, Georgia; Atirelius F. Cone. 4ieorgia ; George W. Holt, Alabama; Paul J. Qiuittlebanm. South Carolina; II. C. McNeill, Texas ; Bryan M. Thomas, Geor gia; J. D. Balfour, Mississippi; W. C. Porter, Louisiana; Wm. F.Barnwell, South Carolina '; Jefferson Davis Bradford, Mississi(i ; Robert Inge Smith, Alabama; E. Lawton, tieorgia; A. M. Rowland, Georgia ; II. Lord King, Georgia ; V. D. Groner, Mississippi. Second Lieutenants Samuel F. Rice, Jr., Alabama; Peyton T. Manning. Mississippi; W. D. Humphreys, Mississippi; Colin McKaoSclph, Alabama; Theodore B. Ilayne, South Carolina ; Wm. Edmund Stoney, South Carolina; Wm. PcB. Hooper, Alabama ; John Bradley, Texas ; Wm. T. Tranum, Alabama ; Garnctt Andrews, Georgia. Confederate States Navt Appointments. The following appointments have, by President Davis, been made for the Navy of the. Confed erate States, and confirmed by the Provisional Congress. All of them were formerly officers in the tTnitcd States Navy : Captains Lawrence Rousseau, of Louisiana; Josiah Tattnall, of Georgia; Victor M. Randolph, of Alabama; I). N. In graham, of S. Carolina. Commanders E. Farrand, of Florida; Thos. W. Brent of Florida ; Raphael Scmmrs, of Al abama; Henry J. Hartstcne, of South Carolina. Lirctesants F. B. Renshaw, of Pennsylva nia; James II. North, of South Carolina; Thos. B. ilugr, of South Carolina; John Rutledge, of South Carolina ; C. M. Morris, of South Car olina ; A. F. Warier, of South Carolina ; John Kell, of Georgia ; Joseph Fry. of Florida ; John R. Hamilton, of South Carolina ; John R. Eg gleston, of Mississippi ; R. T. Chapman, of Ala bama; Thomas P. Pelot, of South Carolina ; Wm. G. Doxier. of South Carolina; John M. Stribling, of South Carolina ; Philip Porchcr, of South Carolina. Si roeons W. A. V. Spotswood, of Virginia ; Wm. F. Carrington, of Virginia; Arthur M. Lynch, of South Carolina. Assistant Scroeox Charles E. Lining, of S. Carolina. Path asters -"-Win. W. J. Kelly, cf Florida; Henry Myers, of Georgia. Tar Jacksox Cocstt (Ala.) Gtards. We can but admire the spirit of this patriotic coun ty. The volunteer company, above mentioned, passed down the Road yesterday and one or the members told us old Jackson conld furnish two thousand hardy, rough and tumble mountain eers, prototypes of the specimens before our eyes if there was a call for them. The strength of the "Guards," is 125, and ft. hardier looking set of men could not bo scraped together if Sa tan's domain was raked with, a fine-toothed comb. They sre uniformed w ith brown jeans, home-made, and we are informed that the com pany were f6 averse to w earing anything . of Yankee manufacture that they at first intended to nee gourd buttons and wear coon-skin caps, but finally concluded to have brass buttons and store liats for the sake of military looks. About every other man had a ginger cake under -one arm and a venison ham undt-r the Other. Okoion Xe:r. it is easy for the meanest Tillain to find faults in the acts of others- It is not in the power oven of earth' holiest men to so ro-oVf their lives that they khall be above reproach. In helps tboc ahi help tlicmsclvc. ; : r : OXfX)RD,HISS., .WEDKESDAY, Serving a Subpoena,' or Love vs. Law. ' It is singular what shifts love will make to accomplish its object Bolts, grates and bars sre of little avail against Cupid's pick-lock 'con trivance his cunning will devise rays and mean to open them all A young gentleman had courted a fair lady of this city, and It was supposed that he two In time would become one. Some little quarrel of a trivial nature, as lovers' quarrels generally are, occurred. .' Nei ther would confess the wrong to he on their side presents snd correspondence were mutually sent back, and the match was broken otf. The tpung gentleman immediately started off for Now Orleans, to enter into commercial business, thinking that distance would lessen the attach ment he really fc!t for the young lady. When the woman is injured, or thinks slia is injured by the one sho loves, she is mors apt than the male sex "to bite ofT her own nose," as the say ing is, to inflict pain, and be revenged on the offending object A gentlenmi. that the young lady once rejected renewed his proposals and was accepted within a week after her lover had embarked for the South, On reaching New Or leans, be Tound that distance, instead of weak ening his attachments only made the lady dear er, and he became melancholy and low-spirited. Tho first letter he received from New York from a friend of his, announced that his old flame was to be shortly married to another. His course was quickly taken; the next morning saw hlni on a packet ship bound for Gotham. The passage, unfortunately, was long, and the poor fellow chafed and fretted so much that the passengers began to think him deranged or. a fugitive escaping from Justice. The instant tho vessel touched the wharf he darted oh' for the orHcc of his friend the lawyer. It is to be sup posed that the lawyer was surprised to see his friend, imagining him a couple of thousand miles away. After tho usual salutations he exclaimed "My dear fellow, you are just in time to see the a edding. Miss , your old sweetheart, is to be married this morning at eleven o'clock. To ttll you tho truth, I don't believe there is much love about it, and the girl really thinks more of one hair of your bead than of the for tunate bridegroom's whole body." "Good heaven I Where is sho to bo married in church Y' "No. At her father's house." "My dear fellow I I yes no yes, I will have it Have you any rase coming on in any of tho courts at eleven o'clock f" "Yes." "Then fill me up a subpoena with the bride groom's name. Don't stop Co ask any questions. It matters not whether he knows anything about the parties in tho suit. By heavens, Julia shall be mine !" , . His friend saw tho object at onco and promis ed to carry on the mattur. The subpena was mailo out nd placed in the hands of a clerk to serve on tho unsuspecting bridegroom tlio in stant ho was seen to lcavo his residence, and was despatched in the cab to watch tho house. About ten minutes before cloven, as the soon-to-be happy man was about entering a coach before his residence, he was served with the subpoena. "Can't help it," said the clerk in reply to bis gesticulating about "not knowing the parties," "going to bo married," Jtc. "We shan't reach the hall before eleven tho case is tho first on the calendar, heavy fine, imprisonment for con tempt, &c.'' , The bridegroom, who was rather of a timid nature, finally consented, particularly as the clerk promised to send a friend of his who sat in tho cab, wrapped up in a large cloak, to the house of his bride in expectation, explaining the reason of his ub-ence. The reader can imagine who this person was. Eleven o'clock came, but still no bridegroom. The guests were staring at each other the priest began to grow impatient, and the bride that was to be, looked pale and agitated, when a carriage drove up, tho bell rang, and "There ho is !" "There he is 1" murmured many voices. A gen tleman did enter, whose appearance created al most as much astonishment as that of Edar Ravenswood in the Hall of Ashton, in Scott's Bride of Lammcrmoor. The lady fainted pri vate explanations ensued between her parents and the lover, and the result was that in less than ten minutes after, the two real lovers were joined in the sacred bonds of matrimony, much to the satisfaction of all. The bridegroom that was to have been, after wards made his appearance pulling and blowing. What ho saiil, and what he did on "beholding his rival; and being made acquainted with the affair, was really tragi-coinieal. The story of the subpoena shortly after leaked out, and has created so much amusement that the poor fellow declares that he will sue tho lawyer for $10,000 damages in subpoenaing him as a w ithess in a case of which he knew nothing, and by which he lost his wife: The Locisiana Zocaves, This fine battalion, now organizing under Major G. Coppcns for the service of the Southern Confederacy, is filling its ranks rapidly. Last night the two first coin panics, numbering 200 men, were marched down from the Zouaves rendezvous. No. 61 Custom house street to the Toliacco Warehouses in the lower part of tho Third District, which will lc used as their barracks until they are ready for departure. The Zouaves are a fine body of men, and the ofllcers having lost no time in instructing the men, they have already made much progress in their drill. The battalion Will wear tho pictur esque uniform of the Zouaves of the French ar my. Tho commands are given in French, and although there are men of all nations in the ranks, they appear to have learned quite prompt ly to obey as soon as the word is given, and do not hesitate more than if they were all French. There are many old soldiers in the battalion, some of whom have served through the perilous campaign in the Crimea, and in their hands the recruits soon learn how to handle a musket with ease. The oflBcers are all either Frenchmen or Lnuisianians, and young men of our best fami lies have joined this fine corps, which is expect ed to perform efficient service in defence of the South. The uniforms, equipment, &c, have been con tracted for, and the battalion is expected to leave New Orleans in a very short delay. At the rate the recruiting is going 0n the required number of COO will soon be attained. The rendeirvons is still at No. 61 Customhouse street, where a recruiting officer is always in attendance. AVw Orleant Picayune. Aprafd to Torcn. A few days ago, says the Washington correspondent of the Newbcrn (N. C.) Progress, bos was received at the War Department, per express, for Secretary Holt, sent from South Carolina. The Secretary refused to receive It, believing it to be an "infer nal machine." It was carried back to the ex press office and the tup removed, whth a beau tiful collection of rare flowers met the eye. These were looked at and admiral; but ho hand could be found daring enongh to attempt their removal from the box, every one fearing that such attempt would be followed by a shower of unwelcome lend. Tiie Holly Springs Herald learns that the county of Chickasaw in this State has already ten companies of volunteer soldiers ready to be mustered into the service of the Staba It adds that in addiliort to these, 'the county has a reg ular officered and drilled company of young la dies, who have pledged themselves, in the event that the men are called into service, to protect their homes and families during their hcnee, and see that the farms are properly cultivaUsl, and full crops raised fsr the support, not only of the country lint of the armies of Mississippi The Else of Nationa-The Hew Italian '. Kingdom and th Southern Confedera- , Historians ia age to come will ponder over the remarkable circumstance of the Old sjid the New World having almost simultaneously pre sented the spectacle of a new nation springing into existence. They will compare the relative positions of those two nations that threw ofT tho yoke by which they folt themselves oppress ed. They will, on the one luuid, taka into con sideration the tyranny and obnoxiousness of the Bourbon dynasty of Naples, which impelled the populace to welcome their deliverer. Garibaldi, with open arms, and on the other they wil In quire into the state of feeling between the two great sections of the same community which proved sufficient to make the one section sepa rate from the other. Tho conclusion will be that both the Italian of the new kingdom and the Americans of the Southern Confederacy were justified and actuated by similar motives in declaring their independence. It will be happy thing if the historian can then aay, that while the Italians had, In the achievement of their lilerty, to resort to the sword and wade through blood, the Americans accomplished the work by a peaceful process. He will. gee that Northern opinion differed so from Southern opinion, and Northern institutions from South ern institutions, and that the abolition fanati cism at the North was so outrageous, that the onlv road left open to tho South was to sccado and form a separate republic. For a time he will be able to trace the disastrous results of the secession in all directions, and he will find much to deplore in the dismemberment of the great est of all republics the United States. By and by, however, affairs will assume a more promising aspect, and the loss of prestige sustained by tho shock of disunion will gradu ally be resigned. Tho South will have gone on with the development of her natural resource's the cultivation of cotton, corn, tobacco and rice, the working her coal and iron mines-, and much beside that tho country abounds with while at the same time sho will nave been preparing for an extension of her territory by tho annexation of Central America, Mexico, and even Cuba, The North will have been making rapid strides in population and commerce, and looking forward to an extension of territory also, by the admis sion of Canada, or even the whole of tho Brit ish North American Colonies, Into her confed eracy. When these objects have been respect ively attained by tho two confederacies, both will experience an augmentation of power, pros tigo and prosperity. A similar movement may bo afterwards repeated by both, till in the end the whole continent of America will be divided be tween tho two great confederacies. Then not on ly the historian, but t!ii world, will exclaim, great Indeed must lia' e been that peoplo from whose differences, and that republic frofn whose disritp. tinn, two such mighty nations could arise. il, W mi et libcrtiit et jirenrahhit. The same motives which induced tho fathers of tho republic to wrest the old thirteen colo nies from the grasp of George the Third we now find actuating the peoplo of the Southern con federacy in proclaiming their right of self-government. They found, as their forefathers and tho Italians under the Bourbon dynasty found, that they wero living under a government which was uncongenial to thein. Therefore, when they found themselves encroached upon by the tyrtinn y of Northern abolitionism, and their run away slaves withheld from them in defiance of the Fugitive Slave law, and worso consequences threatening thein, they resolved to leave the family roof, and set up housekeeping for them selves. A rupture of this kind in domestic life is always attended with unfortunate conse quences; but with a nation such as ours it is a great calumity, and its causes always to be de plored. Nevertheless, if those causes aro rea sonable, as iu the case of the Sooth, who can say that it is not better to part, and more especially when the parting may take place peacefully 1 And would it not bo the height, not only of fol ly, but of crime, to endeavor to coerce tho .se ceding States into remaining In the Union 1 We deplore tho disruption of this glorious Union most sincerely. But there aro reasons for it, and as long as those reasons remain, through the absence of proper amendments to tho con stitution, tho Southern States which have seced ed will be hotter under their own separate gov ernment To Northern fanaticism, and negro worship we owe the ruin which ha overtaken us. (iod grant that the train of disasters we may J et be called upon to suffer may not be rapped by the horrors of civil war tho worst fate that can befall a nation, and the greatest scoiirgo that wickedness and folly could inflict A. Herald. Yora Cuoici tor one Dollar The New Metallic Allot. "Oriede" is a new metallic alloy, extensively ilsed in this country as a sub stitute for gold. Stores have sprung into ex istence all over the country for the sale of it and newspaper contain flaming advertisements of a "full set of jewelry for only one dollar, be ing the stock of ft large manufacturer" for mer chant), "who is obliged to dispose of his stock on account of the panic" -It is a French gold oriede. It is manufactured to a large extent in Waterhury, Connecticut It bears a very close resemblance to gold in color, density, and fine ness of grain ; so close that it deceives every one but practical dealer or experts. It com ponent parts consist of, pure copper, 100 parts ; tine or (preferable) tin, 17 parts; magnesia, 6 parts; sal ammoniac, 3.6 parts; quicklime 1.8 part ; tartar of commerce, 9 parts ; are mix ed as follows : The copper is first melted, when the magnesia, sal ammoniac, lime, and tartar in powder are added little by little; the crucible is now briskly stirred for half an hour, so as to mix it thoroughly ; and then the sine is added in small grains by throwing it on the surface and stirring it till it is entirely fused; the cru cible is then covered and the fusion maintained for about thirty-five minutes. The sm-face is then skimmed and the alloy is ready for casting. Tho fineness of grain in this alloy gives to those objects of art composed of it a delicacy and a purity of detail that cannot be obtained from bronze. . The alloy is essentially ductile and malleable, and can be cast, rolled, drawn, stampi ed, chased, beaten into powder, or leaves, or treated in any other way the artisan may de sire The discovery of this new alloy i really wonderful, and its use will have a tendency to place within the reach of all the useful, orna mental, and higher products of art An im mense number and amount of article are man ufactured out of this alloy and sold South and West, and none but ex oel lent judges can tell it from gold. A CrRiosrrr. Tho Port Gibson Reveille has the following allution to a rather singular occurrence:- "In the extensive flower garden of Mrs. Mi nor, in this place, there are two fine rose bush es, one of which is the Clcth of Gold, and the other the White Tea. The Cloth of Gold stalk is twelve years old; and has been bearing for at least ten years. 1 ha White Tea has been bear ing about seven years: Neither of these rose are graft'-d, but are growing on their own bot toms. Until this spring each of these rose bushes have rcjfulorly, every year, put forth its proper variety of the queen flower. On the4lh of March, present they both sent forth bUtod-rrd roses! What i the cause? What do the j phenomena signify ? Is Abraham Lincoln, in j tent upon shedding Southern blood, and these roses messengers from Flora to warn the sunny ! Sontli, her favorite land, of tho danger Who ! knows?" A happy life consists in virtue: .. .. i , .. I , APRIL; 31861 ::"r A Word to the Working Class, ' r t CEORGft W. 11KGAT. . 7 A gentleman Is a man who is gentle.' Titles frracWul accomplishments superior culture princely wealth great talents-rsgejiUi do not constitute, a man with all the attributes needed (o make him a gentleman. He may be awkward angular, homely, or poor and vet belong to the uncrowned aristocracy. His lace may be bronzed at tho fergs or bleached m the mill his hand huge and hard his patched vest, like Joseph's coat, of many colors and he may still be a true gentleman. The dandy is dry goods sign, and not gentleman, for he depends upon his dress, and not open his honor and vir tue, for his passport to tli beat circles of socie ty. "The man who has no money is poor ho who has nothing but money is poorer than he," and is not a gentleman. Some of the most dis tinguished men in the world of letters in the world of art hava been unamiable gross vulgar ungentle, consequently not gentlemen. 'You are plebeian,' said a patrician to Cice ro. 'I am ft plebeian,' said the eloquent Ha inan ; 'tho nobility of my fumily begins with me ; that of yours will end with you.' I hold no man deserves to be crowned with honor whose life is ft failure; and he who lives only to ent and drink and accumulate money is a failure. The world is no better for his living in it . He never wiped a tear from ft sad face never kin dled s fire upon ft frozen hearth. I repeat with emphasis, he Is ft failure. There Is no flesh hi his heart, he worships no God but gold. Even here at tho North there are persons who deem it discreditable and ungcntlemanly to labor, hence vast multitudes of young men shirk the yoke of toil, and rush headlong into professions and positions for which they are totally disqual ified. There Is true dignity in labor, and no true dignity without it He who looks down scorn fully on labor is lik Hermes, who had a mouth and no hands, and yet made faces at those who fed him mocking" the fingers that brought bread to his lips. Ho who write a book, or builds' ft house, or tills a farm, or follows any useful employment, lives to some purpose, and contributes some thing to the fund of human happiness. Look at that farmer, ho has a share in tho bank; but his bank is a bank of loam, his share is a plough shareand the more his share breaks his bank, the greater will be his dividends. Ho need pot SL-nd his holes to New York to be redeemed, lor nature has endorsed them. Garibaldi, the greatest hero of the nge, is a working man. Henry Clay wa the mill boy of tho slatches.' Daniel Webster knit his iron frame into strength by working on his father's farm when young. Tho men who have blood power enough in their veins to work the brain mills upon their shoulders, aro men who labor. As Incident or thr Mexican War. As I "Viit t's arm v was mnrchinir triitmuhantlv into thtf City of Mexico a procession of mrnks emerged from tho gate of u convcntsitivited on tho eminence at tho right, and advanced with slow and measured tread until they met the army flt right ungi'ls. The guide or lender was a venerablo priest, whoso hair was whitened with the frosts of many winters. He held in lmth hands a contribution box, npoti .which there was a lighted caudle, and when within a few feet of tho army the procession halted. As the army proceeded, many a true believer in St Patrick dropped some small coin or other into the old priest's box. And when it was observ ed that a soldier was searching in his pockets for something to bestow, the old priest would step forward and hold his box to receive tho do nation. Ultimately there enme along a tall, gaunt, limber-sided, gamier-looking Yankee, who, on seeing the poor priest, thrust his hands into the very depths of his breeches pockets, as if in search of a dime, or something of the kind. The priest, observing this movement, advanced as usual, while Jonathan, holding forth a greasy locking roll of paper, commenced deliberately unfolding it The old priest anticipated a liber al donation, and put on an air of the most ex quisite satisfaction. Jonathan continued to un roll piece after piece of tri-twisted smoking to bacco. He next thrust hi hands into another pocket and drew forth a clay pipe, which, with the utmost deliberation, be proceeded to fill by pinching ofT small particles of tho tobacco. When this was done, having replaced his to; bacco in his breeches pocket ho stooped for ward and lighted his pipe by the old priest's candle, and making an awkward inclination of the head, (Intended for a bow, perhaps,) he said. 'Much obleeged to ye, Squire,' and proceeded on. .An Incident at vnE Forts. Tho Pcnsacola OlVrvcr is the authority for tho following an ecdote: ' One night last week Mr. Doyle, one of the head machinists of the yard, and well known here for his reckless daring, made a visit to Santa Rosa Island to ascertain what was going on at fort Pickens, by the light of the stars. llo built a decoy fire some distance up the beach" which attracted the attention of the 2d Lieutenant at Fort Pickens, who, whilst ap proaching stealthily towards the firs, was ar rested and taken prisoner by Doyle, ..After a lengthy interchange of views respecting the crisis, and a copious drink of Doyle's good brandy, the prisoner was discharged with -several "bricks in his hat" and a high opinion of the skill and generosity of his captor. A few evening thereafter this same Mr. Doyle made another visit to the Island, and by the darkness of the night actually succeeded in effecting an entranct! Into the Fort for the purpose of.spik ing the gun, but was discovered too early to accomplish his purpose. He wa taken before Lieut Slcmmer, to tho astonishment of the whole garrison, who threatened to swing him by the neck for his "treasonable audacity." But Doyle, reminding him and the Lieutenant of the latter having been under like circumstances on a previous evening, was spared so painful an infliction and was simply confined during the night and sent to the Navy Yard tho next morn ing incharge of a file of men. Marries Lovers. In the flush srjd brillian cy of early hiarricd love, the first faint impres sions of the future wife and future husband commence. A lovers, their dispositions vcre in a statu of pleasant antagonism ; as a wedded pair, they are presumed to be amalgamated, and form an entirety which recognises mutual inter ests, advantages and concessions, as the basis of their mutual happiness. The husband, then, even in the dawn of his marital life; should be gin to create in his wife's mind those favorable sensations which sre the precursors of those solid ideas which bind woman to man by that strong, invisible intercommnnion of soul, which only death can interrupt - This obligation is equally imperative on the wife. In the hey-day of her husband's love, while his heart beats re sponsively to her every wish, and his mind is a fair tablet, on which nom but summer thoughts are en grated, she should begin the study bf his character, so that when the necessity arises, she may be able to accommodate her own .more plastic one to it without effort or mcrlnTeiiience. Indeed, with both of them this Should early be an object of anxiety, so that there should grad ually grow up between them a conciliabary pre disposition of lone, snd manner, which, when brought Into requisition; would hrptiir more a habit than ft dutyi ' I A young gentleman with reinarkabiy red whiskers, being asked why he "didn't dye 'em," I replied that his "was one of tho few, tl.e Immor i tal beards that Were not Horn to rfy." , Home Industry. V . Stories told to children to sumnlaU'tliMU to fidelity sod industry aro not. ftlways- myths. Two boys, not far from this place, were,, few days ago, tugging away like little heroes at a piece of work ssipicd them by their father, expecting no other reward than his approbation snd the concieiwoess of having dons, nejit They did not stop to repine at the necessity of labor, or watch other boys who might chance to pass about the highway less profitably employ ed, but persevered with Unremitting eflbrt until their work was finished, and then taking care of their tools, they set out to their father tar fur ther directions. .The oldest one having lus clothes soiled, and being ft very modest boy, na turally took ft somewhat circuitous route, hi or der to avoid observation by ft very nice family on the direct wayv . Tho younger one, however, thinking more of his comfort than his clothes, selected the nearest way. Now, it happened that those two honest boys, while at their work, had been closely observed by a wealthy man who appreciates the value of labor ai.d depre cates idleness. This man when he saw that tlieir work was nearly finished, went out by the way where they were expected to pass home to meet them. When the little fellow camo along he stopped him and told him how proud he felt in this age of pride and degeneracy, to sea two boys who were not ashamed to work gave him Home kind words of advice, anil then placed in his hand five dollars in money that the occasion and the lecture might hot be forgotten. The little boy tripped along home with a light step ar.d a joyful heart, feeling that it was a good thing to work. ' - Tho kind gentleman appreciating the motives which led the larger boy by ft different way, and because he was some years older, sent him, by tho hands of ft friend, just double tho amount, with kind words and grutulation and advice cal culated to make the impression that "labor is honorable." There is no doubt that want of employment is the courso of the present generation, and pa rents who do not teach their children to work aro even worse culpable, than those who fail to touch them to read. The educated idlor stands a good chance to become a villain, but an ener getic citizen, though ignorant of tho beauties of rhetoric and arts of logic, is worth his weight in gold in any community. Georgia Yhltor. A Word for the South. The Parts Pays pays the following most just tribute to tho Southern States of tho American Union; Let the independence of the South bo rocop. nized. Unit servile insurrection openly and boldly preached in tho pulpits of the North may cease to bo an ever present danger. In no part, per haps, of the Continent, regard being had to the population, do there exist men more eminent and gifted, with nobler or more generous senti ments, than in the Southern States. No coun try possesses loftier, kinder-hearted and more distinguished women. To commtneo with the immortal Washington, the list of statesmen who have taken pnrt in tho Government of the Uni ted Slates, shows that all thoso who have shed a bistro on the country and won the admiration of F.urope, owed their being to that much abus ed section.' And strange coincidence while Southern men presided over the destinies br the Union its gigantic prosperity was the astonish ment of tho world. In the hands of Northern men that edifice, raised with so much care and lalsir by their predecessors, conies crushing down, threatening to carry with it in its fall the industrial future of every other nation. The Newspaper Press. Men dislike to praise it or acknowledge its power. Many habitually defy its influence, and as constantly court its favor and encouragomcnt It has made more reputations forpublic men, more fortunes in business, and moro profession al .characters for individuals, than have been made otherwise, by energy, ability and skill. It is a groat beneficiary for politicians, their main reliance, and thir only means of acquiring pub lic notoriety. It is tho ordnance department for politics the arsenal and magazine from which small minds draw their w capons and ammuni tion for political warfare. It furnishes them with all thc:r data, analyzes their subjects, draws their conclusions, and confers upon them the distinction of ostensible authorship. It is, with its thousands of editors, still an imperson ality. The Press speaks, wo listen to It not as tho voice of one, but as the impersonal organ of many. It is assailed by dwarfs and drones, who often i fleet to treat it with disdain, to the infin ite delight of its laborers and conductors. Men frequently ask to be praised or pulled by it, for some particular - excellence they possess, and when the notice appears, they will all'ect to have known nothing of it, and pretend to be indiffer ent to what is said in their praise,, while lit tho same time they.glory in it, and when they get an opportunity, run to the editor and purchase all the extra copies containing the notice to send to friends. The Press is powerful for good or eviL Mess agb or the Principal Chief or tbe Choctaw Nation. The Memphis Enquirer pub lishes the Message of the principal Chief of the Choctaw nation to the Legislature, convened in extraordinary session to consider what course the nation should pursue in view of the proba ble dissolution bf th'o Union. In an editorial notice the Enquirer remarks : "The document is ft well-prepared State pa per, decided, but temperate in its general tone, and doe -infinite credit to its author. While counseling the several Indian nations to cast their lot with the Southern States, in the event of their Recession, and td send delegates to a Southern Congress, he also advises the sending of commissioner to Washington to confer with the President of the United State, and to look af ter the security of their monicd irivestmcnts In conclusion he calls upon his countrymen to stand by their rights, and never to surrender Ihem even though national annihilation should be the consequence of ft refusal to submit The General Council responded to the message of their Chief by passing a scries of resolutions re cognizing it to be the duty and interest bf the Choctftw nation to unite their destinies with the Southern Confederacy." " Confederate Armorv and Fohndrt. Thom as E. McNeil, whoso name has been often in fa vorable and deserved mention before the read ers of the Courier, is ftetrrely and successfully engaged in promoting the great enterprise of an armory and foundry, to which we have referred; He has secured many essential condition and materials for this enterprise, and hi own expe rience and achievements in acachinery and con structive engineering wiU Recurs and command the , best possible selection Of machines; pat terns and processes; He will proceed to Montgomery in a few days, on business, and hopes soon to be enabled to commence active operations. Clartattn Vou rier,. : . ' ko Northern tsscRARCB in Mississippi. Attorney-General Wharton, of Mississippi, has given an official opinion to the effect that the licenses of "various foreign insurance compa nies" cannot be renewed It! that SUta The rea sons assigned are; that the State code requires the agents of such companies to furnish satis factory evidence thai eaoh company is secur ed by investments in stocks held "by Citizens of the: United States," and that as "the United States" no longer exist, the agents" cannot re new their licenses-. U - jf SCKAPrl,' ' Diuoucs is ft fair fortune ao4 industry a (bod estate. ,4. ,.i ,i it.. -. ,(l t , YMt- snM - H who knows himself has occaaioa far W Bi- ... - .... (Do- goo with what rhwhastpor TT" w1H"8o thee no good. , ' LmnT wine ia but the ghost of wine it has no oouv 10 it. ' ..' Prr your money Into a box If you iflie," 'hoi t a dice-box.- . A novel may be very old, and yet what U old cannot be novel. - im. Tn ocean, which is forever sounding,"' some times gets sounded. " : -' Men wounded by the explosion of bombshell are wounded mortarly. . . ......... Books sre embalmed minds feme is s flower upon ft dead man's heart To destroy rats-Catch them, and flatten their heads in a lemon squeezer. Rrliuio of the heart rny justly and trujr bo called the heart of religion. ' The penance wo can do for envying another's merit is to endeavor to surpass it " Tt is astonishing how keen eren stupid people are In discovering Imaginary affronts. ' Ir motives are always visible, men wbulu of ten blush for their most brilliant action. "' Politeness pays about as well as almost any' thing else that cost as little. Think of it ' TnE captain of a vessel is not governed by his mate, but a married landsman generally Is. " ' The man who is always behind hand ha reA cently purchased several bottle of kctHi'-up. 1 "My son, you must start up from this lethar gy 1" "Would yon have me an upstart, father f What is that which every man can divide; but no one can see where it is divided ? Water. When you get pretty wc'.l oul of employment; try attending to your own business for a whila ' An editor of a paper in Indiana wants tokhoit; if Western whisky was ever seen "coining thro' tho rye." 1 .. , :! Witfe a man wants money or assistance, the world, a rule, is very obliging and indulgent; and lets him want it ' Love. As long s n woman loves, she does nothing else; A man has other matters to at tend to in the intervals. "Mikb, if you meet Pat, tell him to inako hast.1; "Sure an' I will," said Mike, "but what shall I tell him if I don't inntc him " An exchange suys that dollars knd cuse are a very rare combination. But if otio has dollars; he is a pent man without the sense. A young woman, Catherine Bullitt, lately died in Manchester, England, as her physician stated; from tho eirect of wearing very tight gaiters. 'Jniis, you have drank until vou are only half of the John you used to be."" "Oh ! well; then, I ant a denrjohn," said he, complacently. Tns curious mnit eoes about to gratify his ctH liosily ; but he will probably never trar.-l far enough to find anything inoiv carious X'vutx Uitn. self. " Gent, on horseback "Get out of my way; boy ; got out of my way ! inv hore don't like donkeys." Boy "Don't he J Then, why don't he throw yer orf ?" Ynv is a bee-hive like a bad potato f Because a bee hive is a bee holder; And a beholder is a spectator, ' ' And ft (peck later is a bad potato I . "Tuere's more in that fellow's head, Sam, than1 you imagine," said Dick of a slcepv looking fel low standing by. "That may be,'' replied the other, gravely, "but I always suspected lie had cm. An ingenious dandy conceals his baldness tti Paris, by having a complete set of thirty-ono wigs, each one longer haired than tho other; at the end of the month he l;R his hiiir cut; by beginning again at No. t An American has gone to England to sell tho Queen tt family Baptizing machine, being con vinced that if her children, whom she Its now marrying off.Jire as prolific as their mother, thl ccruluony never can be performed by hor-.d. : .. A fellow out West being asked whether Ini liquor he was drinking was a good, article, re plied : "Wul, I don't know, I guess so. Thcrli is only ino queer thing about it: whenever I wipe uiy mouth I burn a hole in my shirt sleeve" "Mister, bow do yon sell your beef this morn ing?" "Why, fourteen cents ft pound; how much will you have?" "Fourteen cents, eh M Have you got a heart f "No, just sold it.". "Well, I justknowd you couldn't have a heart and ax fourteen cents for beef." The Boston Post, not having the fear of Abra ham, the Prince of Bails, before his eyes ofT the following: ' : Query, after reading tho recent speeches of the President elect w hether those, who though! "old Abo" was able, do not rcalza that they made an "L" of a mistake. t . "A beautiful day, Sir. Jenkins:" "Yea, very pleasant, indeed." "Good day for the race.'' "Race what race?" "The human race." "Oh: go long with your stupid joke ; get up ft good One, like tho one with which I sold day." "Dsr what day f" "The day we celebrate," said Jenkins, who went on his way rojoHng. . rh Wore or the Devil. We have seen some awful, typographical errors in our day, but sel dom any more ludicrous than the followintr. The editor, wanting a lino to fill a tvliniin, gareT "Shoot .Folly as she Bies." Pope. -U -. .In the hurry of setting it up, the Devil ren dered it thus: . . . .- "Shoot Polly as she flies pop!" ' t Another Joke. Avery funnv story, is told of President Lincoln. Being asked before )htj inauguration, whether he would ride to the cap ital with Buchanan in his barouche, or po alone "That reminds me," said he, "of the story of A witness in court, who, appearing in quakcr cssf tume," was isked, 'Will you swear, or affirm V The witness replied, 'he didn't rjirr' i" d rl which !" ' If this isn't true; it bught to bV"sf. Is a city of one of the (southern StatV which ha if yet seceded from the I'niori,- a pressf neht member of one of the Presbyterian church es told his pastor that he would quit tbe churcht if lie didnotprWy for thi Union. The minister,, who is as full of humor s overflowing With loy: alty te the. South, rcphvd to this tbtr "rrf church docs not believe in praying for t.U demd." The joke got out, of course, and even the Uniorlj men heard it with a wry smile; , - , Jrsr the Wokan. A friend of our was rfc ding with one of the fair fee x, "all of a summer's day," snd accidentally men's arms, awkwan things, are always In the way dropped an airn around her waist Nq objection was made for a while, and tbe arm gradually relieved tbe sidt of the carriage bf the pressure ufon it. 'But cf a sudden, w hether from a laterccoenitinh bf fh8 impropriety of the thirtg, fr tl)C sijrh.t bf snbthtr beau coming, never was clearly evident,' tbe lai dy started with volcanic encrprj and with a fiash: iiig of the eve, fcNctnimcd, "Mr. -, I ran yv.yf port myself.'" "Capital !" was tbe rrt rcpy? "you are just the ftirl I've been Inokw.g forthol five years j will ou hiitrry mot"