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hi ..W i to Ml mm -THE INTELLIGENCER, t . I Pablishcrf Ererr Weduesdar Moruim ,.. OXFORD, MISSIiSSLPPIi . SubMription nri 2; rTRjrTT.T w AhVATfci. U.I"PW0B mM "itrJ wKJront the CASH. BATEB OF ADVERTISING, , Tin ukii mass m mun ' tm I W II 00 U mm in ml - 84 00 12m tit 0 1 18 00 ' 8qnar.....;.i,.- 4 00 qiir..;. I Square It 00 1 00 K 00 tew 0 n0 bit 00 65 00 80 00 .'ne-loiirtUcoluBiu.,. .. . iir column I nrea-fuurtu oplumo. M m ine eolunin k a i ofl 00 t iT,,t,enent mr be renewed at anvXiueby pay. lnir foroornjvxltl.m, 41 pur tliounaiid rm. Diiwlayed aUvortmcment charged for the space - Bupied. Leaded notice cliarged IS cent a lioa. ' fr - t-T Articli of a puiKonal abaractiT enly admitted at tin option of tlie 1'roprietor, and ciiaxwl kO oanta a lina. ' Tha pay for yearly mv.i haVt yearly advertiae tnenta due qnnrterly, and thono inaurtod for lua than Ihroa montlia, the pay dae when the advertiitemcut ia Transient advartiaementa paynlile ,.. Anuouaciuf Candidate for City i mm. - le in advanoe. v office.... t t BO ronntyotlice.... A 00 Uldtn.J.i.J iut. In Jul to be paid Invariubly in advance. . ' J"n tin A'ortk AUlamia. MLt)NIGHTMUSIHGS. T LILLUX T. aoZEI.L. Awake I mf allent lyre, for yet too lone ' . nt thou been Inuthcd lit rilcnce and In ploonv:" With these wild wintry wind rliant now thy onr I.iko thoae, the exiled anut must Kluniber aoont Aht me, a shadow K nirthcn and dqmrt, I listless gaze and trish I kutu ty heart And when tlie mora with roseuto fincra light Doth acuttcr dew-rtMiie o'er tlie browuy lea, And flow'reta meet her kit wltb blimhlna bright, And misty beiunlnra wako the parple aea I ak if this be life! for it doth aoem This ia) bo tin-stained earth -mr da J dream f m But when I U-nl with num'ry In the Fast And fraiie upon the liUiwd rolif tliere, Tlie aunoy fluke of duv too bright to laitt, . Lay on this heart nnd tiiill it with denpnir. . Aye t as the dreain-clonJ pusaawiy, I kuuw This is lire WuUl not it almay to! far miA celestinl fem of Pannllne ' He niiaeth (folrten mansion one by one; ' He'll pluck away the aznre-VtdlinD; skies, Unbar the prison-jritpa and cill us" home, And straying in the "living naatari' green," . illiss will Ue .awavter for tha wo tlmt" been. Tis snd to pine for Xuture's ru-hi-st tore , , To rest henenlh niislbrtune's uhlu wing: Tis hard life' di'aniat hopes to all give o'er Ami watch tliein flit away, on ahad'ay wing! But, oh I 'tis worse thnn death to ever rove, Alono, to yearn for vnWi of human lore I : , ! the" TYPOS. . ff Tick and click ., o the tvpva In the stiek; Aa the prinUT kUiikIh st lii enw; ' , His ryes gUuce quirk, snd his lingers pick - 1 The tvM at a rapid p.ieo. And, ono by one, aa the luttem go, Worils ii i'i piled up steady and alow ... bu-ady and alow, But mill tliey grow," ' And woids ol lire tliey soon will glow; Vondcriul worils, that witliont a enund blull traverse Ilia oiirth to it utinoit bound Words that shall niuke Tlie tyrant (iiol;e. And tl huniln of the ulave oppressed kViiiII break: . Word that van cnimlile an annv' might, Or trelils it atrenUi in a rigiiunu tigut. Yet the types look but leaden ul d'Uuh, - t As he put them m plaee with hi finder and lliumb. gryy-t ." ' ' . . , ' - 1 . The Greatest Seminary. The firexiile ia aeminary of Infinite iinpot. tanee. It ia important heriinse It In nnirCTval, and beotuse the elnration t bstnir being wo Ten in with the woof of chililhoo-l pre form nd color to tho whole texture of life. There re fow who can receive the honorx of a college, lut all arc graduates of lUv hrartlu .Tic learn ing of the nnivrrslty may file from thu rerol lcction, it classic lore may monlilta- In the halls of memory. ' But the fimplo lesson of liotne, cnsmelcd upon tho hearts of childhood, duty tl rust of years, ami outlive the mora mature but less vivid picture of after day. . So deep, so lasting, indeed, are the impres sions of early life, tliat you often see a man in the imbecility ef ajje. holding fresh in hia rerol lectioa the events of cliildiiood, while all the wide space between that and the present hour Is a blasted and forgotten wa-it. You have, per chance, seen an old and halfohlitwrated portrait, and in the attempt to hao it cleaned and re stored, yon may have veon U fade away, while a brighter and rnore perfect picture painted be neath, IS revealerl to yipw.. This portrait, first drawn noon the canvaa, is no inapt illustration of youth; and though it may be concealod by some after denign, still tbe original traits will shine through tlie outward pWture, civing it too w hile fjwJj aiul surviv. injc H in decay. v Such is the fireside 4he great Institution fur nished by Providence for tit education of man. ',. How tbb Jaranrsa Kbstowb raniew Fi.owr.its. Nagasaki correspondent of the New York Herald writes : After a bouquet is drooping kcrond sfl reme dies of fresh water, the Japanese can tiring it back to all its first glory by a very simple and aeeminclr most demrnctive oners fi on. I bad received, some dars sen, a delightful bunch of flowers from Japan" oinsintanre. They continued to Mr in all their bmtrtr fhr nearly fw weeks, when at Inst they faded. ' Just a I arms about to hare them thrown way, the same gentleman (Japanese gentleman) came to see in, I showed him the faded flowers, and told fcira that, though lasting a long time, they bad pow become useless, "tjh, no," said be ; "ly fut the ends of the stems into tbe fire, and they erill be as good as before." I wae inerdiilasj a he took them himself and bcid the temc ends in the tire until they were eompietety charred. - This was m the wWrifngi at rrenfnc tha r were again looking frefch and vijnrmts, snd hae continued so for another week. What may be the true azent In this reviving procesv I am Unable to determine fully ; Wlxiher H ;t lb beat drivu g once mare the last Juieas int rrety leaflet and rein, or whether it be the bnuolitul trrriply of rarb-n, furnlched hy tlie charr5..p. I am indised,i fiowtrer; td the Utter caiv-e. as the full effect ir rts nredaord wWil tn eight tionrs afterwuH. snd a4 If seems that, If the batwBK the priovipat a:eVA, ' It tnAst fatvc bees) sooner followed by, vhjiblo ctuBges. f t i i ' ' Crss roa DsntBrrnBsi. ft Is settled that dmnkennes is a physiral as well a raoral disease, and K is now" so treated. The follow ing is the reoeiit if Jrho Vn ITaiU. th tstlir of lb eentwaader ef im Great li-tern. which bait ena'ihd so many men to eeframn th ! ady : Sul(ibate of iron, S grain; mrneia. IA rras , p prerwiint water, 11 clrarhryj; (pfrit of n'.-ieg, 1 drachm; tslccday," Tnrt heareti cha-tie ns we should kis tbe rod. Wbca a beautiful f nia!e eye looks re jmvingly at u, we should kiss the lash. t -wf avW'l, ffc-i W FEOM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. t- rv, -w Camp Hott, Mobiul Ala) . u. f-;.it.-.-. sVIb.atMla,lSU a. . . . 'V ' Dbai Fba! We ate all thus' far on Our Journey, safe-and well. Our couipanies tarrived u Jjulile tlii moruing at aft or a plsasant two days' travc-L Th utmost good failing and good hnmor has preTailed," though; even qp to this hour sorue faces ""bear tb traces Vf recent tears. All tlio boys from Latiyrtlq and Uar shall counties are well. ; Our "mtreA." has bees complete triumph, almost You nerer saw a people so wrought up with the spirit of art it I vincible patriotism as they ar on the way from tmoru here.! Everyw here, great cros 1 wet us at tb various depots, and, amid shouts, and the waring of handkerchiefs,' and the tears, as well as, the hearty God-speed of beautiful and true women, we war cheered along lu road which w sXississippians bar determined shall be the pathway that leads us on to victory or death. At Orand Junction 'an Immense multitude wer congregated. , Such shouting si made the welkin ring there, ought to bar been beard at Pensaoola. Hon. J. VTr a Watson, of Holly RpHngV mde a brief nd eloqutntly ntrlotie speech to the citizen and soldiery; aiu) tbe deeply feeling farewell, r.s he uttered it from the bottom of his heart, brought the dewy tear to marly an eye not used to weeping. After Mr. YfaUion had concluded, tr. Longstrcct, tbe world known President of South Carolina Col lege, offered a prayer to Heaven for our success in the plnrious war of liberty we dre waging, and for the health, physical snd spiritual, of tho corps. ' Not many there that d.iy, who saw tho venerable man, and heard his petition In behalf of tho cause and of those cnsngci in it, as he stood with clasped hand.s and uncovered head beforo tho Ktcrnal Due, not many who saw and heard liitn that day, will ever forget the impres sive scene, ' ; " - Tho Lamar Rifles accompanied us as far as tbe Junction, and par tod from us with sincere regret. Not a member of the company but would Mesa the lucky fate that would shnpe events so ts to allow them the glorious privilege of sharing iu tlie capture of Fort Pickens; and all of us regret their absence and sympathize deeply with (he brare tnc-n composing the com pany. Some of tho men were determined, not to he left behind, and so enlisted ia oJ.hcr companies.- In Capt. Delay' company are Privates C. J. J. Shipp, (ft classmate of our,) Knight, Higsinbothnm, and Mitch MVKic. Enign Al exander, and private Prown well known to Reynolds' customers sr in the Quitman Riflo Guards of1 Waterfonl In the Home Guards, Capt. Tom Harris, of Holly Springs, are Ser geant Jutnes A' Wiley nnd private Price, both University boys. If there is any fighting to do, rest assured that you will hear a cood account of these hoys. We left Grand Junction amid the cheers of the multitude, and the prayers of tbo2e whom we left behind us. At every station, and be tween the stations, crowds had collected to show their enthusiasm in the cause of Southern inde pendence, and to encourage the gallant soldiers who were leaving hmiics, loved ones and all, to fight, and, if need be, die for its maintenance. At Corinth, we camped for tit night, tho Holly Springs companies nnder tents, the Lafayette Guards and Capt McGowan's Quitman Rifle in Rome unfinished buildings. Here commenced tlie soldier experience of mort of us. Guards were stationed around the camp; Arcs were lit, and all the romance of camp-life Ix'jvin. Your "own correspondent" was put on guard", and marched up anil down between two trr-cs, with a rotten stick Instead of a rifle, threatening to shoot every man who could not, givo tho coun tersign. If Jho old Roman law had Leva en forced against "uf we would now bo fee Wjr of for vritinQ. Ther was no lack of fun aitf noise. Every toes had its joke, ft A stray mule got into camp, as when the owner came to hunt it, they kd him a chase around the Camp, by crying out, first from one tent "and then an other, "Ilere'i your mule." tu'nce then "here's your mule' has been quito a by-word among the boys. This by-word reminded one of the boys of the rogue In Texas, who stoic a mule, and averted. suspicion from himself as he rode through the town, by calling out : 'II rc's your mule ; if you don't corue and g?t him, I'll ride him away." Some of tho Oxford boys thought it rather a strange thing in an assembly, that everybody should b ent!tltd to Ilia foot at one time. . - ' - :. - , ' ' Carlo. Patti said his troupo gav a Concert Thursday night, in the Corinth OouK House, The attendance was not large, but the mnsie was splendid. ' Marweflliise Hymn snd IHxfe were received with especial vim. Prof. Tefie, of Franklin College, Hotly Springs, who Is a mem ber of the Home Guards, played several fine pieces by request We left Corinth a eight o'clock Friday morn ing. The Corinlh people treated us handsome ly, and turned out in large numbers to see us leave. At Fultonl"Misa, we took on board the lien Bullard Rifles, Capt James Cullard, a fin company, nunibcrinjj eighty-seven men. This made th fifth company on Isiard. At Okaiona, Sergeant Nat Lea, of the Jeff. Davis Rites Join ed his company. . At IV est Point, a bountiful repast was spread the Iwttalion, nd wewar welcomed to tb hospitalities of the place, in in Leloquent speecb, T Mr. Crump: Wm. Brack was called npnfi, bnt excused himself At Ma con, we were again bandsomely welcomed. W christened Macon the "city of prcttj women ; and assuredly I know of no place where the number of beautiful ladies is greater. At Craw ford, about two, hundred, mile above Mobile, w first caroe to where, the .wood ad put on their new spring robes. The contrast between 4he naked boughs of ur wn backward portion, of the State, and tb green robed grave ff this Southern man try, is very great, and aVidedl in favor of Ui latter, At Enterprise, Uisav, we passed am si oarrrpaaewt in which w uaderatnod ther wer fir hundrct troops,, aawwtg them the Mississipfw Riles' frssn Jackson, and the Yarxw Rifles, Capt Phillips. When they l.wrrted who we were, they cheered rnstily, and we cheered back with right good wilL Arrived at MiMe, we were marched In Ilitcb. cock's Press, in the southern part of the city, where the Lafayette Guards and the Marshall county companies are now encamped. Thanks r OXFORD; 3IISS., WEDNESDAY,' to Geo, Uott, who eouiuanded a to this point i w ar very eoardwrtably situated. . W bare nice' bay lor our bedsv and every convenience w hich oul& b furnished.-.. Tbe boy are in fan spirits, expecting t b off by Wednesday. W are drilled sis hours per day, and will doubtless soon beooiu expert in tb fin art of killing wr fcllow-meo, .; , j.j, v. WJ j , . .,, .. On pleasant incident Which has eceurrexl, and which has added a great deal t tbe general aat-b-faetioa, was tb presentation to Capt Delay, ef a beautiful sword, by Col W. F. Dowd. of Monroe county. Th sword wa aent to tlie gallant Captain, accompanied by a not, deli cately,: but justly complimenting him aa one who bad never foiled to Hcr himself to do bat tle (or bis country, and who had won historic wreath of. glory on the well-fouglit fields of Mon esrey and Buena -Vista, . Captain Delay accept- 4 tbe handsome, present in a graceful note of tlianks, promising, that it should alwaya flash whore th post of danger was, and should never be sheathed till the seven-starred flag of our Confederacy should be honored among nations. W know Capt Delay well enough to fuel as aured that bis promise will be kept - Major-General Charles Clark takes command of our tlivb-lon to Pensacola, w Iter we will be placed under Goa Bragg, though it is said that Jeff, Davis himself w ill lead us, if titer Is an attack made ou the Fort. Ooo thing is sure if Mississippiana are commanded to tak Fort Pickens, and Jeff. Davis leads th way, w will tuk it, though th whole world should oppose us. It is rumored in Camp that Captain Chal mers and Harris have declined to be candidates for Colonel of this Regiment, and that General Molt will be elocted without opposition. The election foe field officers will tak plsco after we reach Pensacola. Capt Delay and Lieut Autry Are the only candidates for Lieutenant-Colonel. Captains Bowdre and Foster, private. W. S. Ran dolph, of the Panola Guards, and Captain Sam. Bullion, of lh Jeff. Davis Rifles, are candidates' for Major. ' - . . . This has been written hastily, and under dis advantages. You shall hereafter be regularly posted as to all the camp news. I send you the papers containing Ilia general news. . Brodie Crump, of Holly Springs, has been made Com missary General, with the rank of Major. . , , There aru ome profane boys in camp, as you may iuiagiue. . Just now one of tbeui vhouted out "IIiiits, for h 11 !" Ho was snswered by another,, who cried out "That's right evory man for bis own hous." Yesterday, a little pian from Dc-Soto was told that wa would have to crawl through the port-boles, in order to take tho Foi t. Ho didn't like that at all ; was very much afraid they would want to he poking di minutive clmps like himself, in, first Toby says toiMlody asked him to send her sou; oys ters up Hiiio PcnsacoU ; but he answered that we would doubtless have more ddl than oyttsn. Lafayette Guards ar Sil in good health u-.d spirits. I wil write agaiu frsffi tiiis place. . , II. F. Camp Mott, Moiiilf, April 2d, ISfil. Drab Fkans : We received orders, this morn ing, to he in readiness to start for Pensacola to morrow, snd" our catiip is now a scene of busy preparation. , f , Since my last letter, no news of any great im portance has been afloat The ordinary routine of camp duties, and roaming to sec city sights, have, been the only tl.ing to vary the tcliou monotony. Wc arc waked tt six in the morn ing, get breakfast, snd have company drill for one hour ajul a half, In the' evening, w e have squad drill for the same length of time. "By tho right flank," "March," and "Dress," are tlie chief sounds to be heard during those three hours, except the heavy tramp of the soldiery, as they sway right snd left, .forward and Wk- rd, at the word of command, gracefully ts the pine bough bends to the unseen breeze. There are now here two regiments of Missis sippians, all destined fur Feusacola. It seems that our President knows bis own people w ell enough to believe tlrat they are the nien for an arduous or a dangerous tak, both of which the taking of Fort Pickens surely will be. There is one acknowledged fact if Jeff. Davis will put himself at our ueail, ana point to wnere the blow must be struck, the seven-starred Cog ot the Confederacy will wave over the ramparts of Fort Pickens, or pone w ill be left to Ull tbe sto ry of tho fight Misbissippians.w iU not, mkail net know difu.it . Th spirit of patriotism, such as inspired the bosom of Washington and his compatriots, burns undimmed in lb hearts of their posterity, and they will maintain them selves th peers of any, or perish as one man in the effort . "I'ie w may, and die we must BuS oh! where can dut to d4 Be consigned t will. As where Bea t-i its dews shall shed , Oo tie umtyrvd pettiut' bed, And the rtx ks f'.ali Mi- e tlicir bead - Of bU deeds to U ll. I noti tn the Tribune, of this morning, a statement that some wealthy MissisHppians had raised a purse of fflOI.OOn, to be presented to th first member of th "Mississippi Rifles," a crack company from Jackson, 'who shall mount the walls of the Fort I am aware the members of that company ara all gallant men, but I be beva little flag of th taxs and bar,'' (aa Jonce Hooper says.) bebmglng to some on not a member of that company,' HI be the first to flutter in tlie face of the Yankee who (?) Fort Pickens. Ptrhaps jro know 1 what love ly fair one that littl flag was mad and blcksed. God blest b'T; God bless tbe glorious flag, and grant that the hands Jnto which it baa been committed may alwaya boar it aloft at tlie post of hoaorvaj Cy God' help, that flag ehall be, swoi day, returned into tb bands mi ber who mad it and it shall b returned, SMt only was stained, bat wreathed with tb sunshine of gl rious ictory, -. , t . Walter A. Goodman ha been appaanted, by President Daia, CoUeCtor at IIoHy 8rg;- aa4 L- Ja bjuca, at Hernandat - - - Capt D ' faroity at her at the hotel all welL Tbe Lafayette Guards number ninety- two good and true men, whos names I will send yon next time, . The University boy art aB well, and looking quite barbarous, in their gray shirts and military caps. No sickness among our people. - t Letters for any of our "boys" should be dir TheSouth rected to the car of Capt Wn Delay of Capi Sarri. Benton, Mississippi troops, "Warrington, Florida, " " " " - I went to the Theatre last night, to See Miss Gongenhehn hi "Jesnle Dearis f but wiuf sum moned away to stand guard at camp. That's what I get by bWng a MtBef.'- ' ' Good-bye. If there ft a fight, expect mf hext to be dated from th biner-ide of Fort Pickens, . ,ajaW 7 I '., Patrick Henrj. ' A man stands unon th floor of the honse of delegates of Virginia. II ttrrn's an e) e of fir around him he trembles with verm nrlghty emotion. The emotion,, reader, was tlie ttrst breath of new-born Liberty I Slia started into life by this inspiration, and tbe days of Tyranny were numbered. ' Hi grandeur of that-scene eannot be com passed is one glance. He stood amid a grave and prudunt body of men aoosctous, indeed, of the run jo ef their country, but rallying upon modest petition tut redress. They had never let their imaginatioss ramble into visions of up right, and fuarless iiidepumlenc. - A thousand things forbade th slea. Tbeir habits ef thought and action, their pitiable weakness a a country, their disgust for war on account of recent and exhausting eontlicts, all tended to Indispose them for frelotn. Ther ware. bdd?. Wislatiiur beneath the jesloiM eyes of royal deputies, who j would not fail to call treason by Its right name They sat, as it were, inidcr the glimmering of the diadem " 1 ' Who would dare, if so inclined, to stalk forth from their midst, and throw down tlie gauntlet to tlie mightiest rinpire of the world to princi ples as old as the great globo itself, interworw! with every ptgeof pasWu'story, sanctioned by venerable ages, snd proud and twfiil as the hear ens If Who woild dare ts leap on tho moss grown and frow ning rsuisrt4 of monarchy, and pluck its blood red lbigf Who would rush from the security of submission, and, Sampson-like, grasp the lion by the mane f It was the grand est moment of that time but Gid had reared up one to fill it That man was Patrick llonry. He opened bis lips. His heart, big with tho destinies of the world, 'nlrug;;led for a moment with doubt but not longer. Tho electric p peal sent forth drifted on flashing fiercer and brighter, and growing iu oversu.'linitig majesty, until the last ord "5Uo ine.Li'ierty.or give me Death 1" filled up its measure of terrible might ; and the last link of the chain that had entirely bound the former was riven. He had tiiuslii-4 bis subluno tatk. . Tb revolution was a fact. A Rattlbsxak Stonis. "I had been," he said, "prospecting all day for minerals, and had fojind some copper and lead, and somo curious sulphur springs of, I believe,- a unique kind ; and, coming back to my camp, had lit my fire, and cooked some deer moat ; then, quite tired out looked round to relect convenient and sheltered place under a high, ci iii.Jily-lociking rock not far from my fire, snd, loading my rille, first bandaging the lock and slipping it into my nitckintosh:csse to guard it from the damp, -I wrapped rffv self like a mummy iu my llackiuaw blanket anil lav down under the rock to sh-ep ; intending to rise early and push fast to over take my men. whwere a day's march ahead, Inot.lng alter beaiM I h biisVnlfrht.'lhr rat" or something oc other kept passing over me and half waking me. About the grey of tho morn ing, mused myself from that sort of torpid, paralysed sense of endurance that a prolonged nightmare throws you in, and rose up to my el bow to sec if my logs were quite burnt nut, or if there was, perhaps, enough fire left to warm mo some coffee, for the nijilit had been frosty snd cold. I looked, and to my horror saw a writhing heap, of about thirty rattlesnakes coil ed or moving round the brands of my fire. I had been sleeping under a rock w hich was per forated by their holes, and my fire had drawn them nut by its alluring warmth. It was these snakes I had felt moving over me in my long nighlmsre. Lorainussy, mister! - How quick I did get on Hi V feet, sure; and ss I ran oil I banged my rifle rijjlit among them, just to give them a sort of parting blessing. Hut what harm I did to them I never knew, for I did not care to go back to that hive of rattlesnakes." Alt the Year Round, , ; .. . SmATt'Rl! or tub Chubs. The mark which persons who are unable to write are required to make instead of their signature, is in tho cross, and this practice, having been followed by kings snd nobles, is constantly referred to as an in stance of the deplorable Ignorance of ancient time. - This signature is not, however; invaria ble proof of such ignorance j anciently the noe of this mark was not confined to illiterate per sons; for smongst the Saxons the mark rf the eross, as an attestation of the good faith of the person signing, was required to be a'taehed to the wignature of those who could write, as well as to stand iu the place of the signature of tlios who could not write. . tn(We f a man coul.l write, or even iread, his knowledge was considered proof post tive presumptive tliat be was in holy orders. Tlie word tlcrieM or clerk was aynonnmous with penman, and the laity, or people who were not "clerks, did not feci any urgent necessity for the use of letters. The ancient nse of the cross was, therefore, universal, alike by those who could and by thus who could net writ it; it was, indeed, tlie symbol of an oath from its holy associations, and generally the mark. On this scconnt, Mn, Charles Knight, in his note ;to the Pictorial Shakspeare-, explains th expression of "God sav. the mark,", aa form of ejaculation approaching to the character of an oath, Thia phrase occurs three or more tiinos in the plays of Shakspeare, but hitherto it has been left by tb commentators in its original obscurity, Ikfqbtaxt Isvextio:.t-.W tak pleasttr in announcing to our readers every development of the mechanical arts made In our mi.l-r, l lie South needs and should roster and encourage every errtarprisa that tends t J-eodct her inde pendent We are happy to- luarn that Mr. It Roberts, Superintendent of the Mississippi Oil Works, located in our city,' has invented a ma chine for bulling and cleaning cotton seefl, which is a near perfection -s ran be looked fasr in this world,,; The maolwoo will bull- and delta frau) ten to forty tons of seed per day, according t Kise, and is so simple that any one can learn to operate it m half an honr. The inventor hss made application to mtr 'Southern Government for a patent td w SI, proceed bnmediatcly to manufacture his mills. We understand he will have one in operation at Mr: Ilushlield's Missis sippi OU Works,- in few weak. aecea to lit karenrioav. Yicitkmry Nmn. ' f in ii "1 -i .- Posrarnom DsraaTMBKT or tub Co' rwoRBAr Svatbs. The Montgomery Advertiser sSys'that the fbllowlng comprises the names awl grades of the officers of the Post-OfSc Deparuncnt, up t ibis aat( -.'f ?- - - " Jolm R. Reagan, Teras, Postmaster Generai. Henry St. tieorge Offut, Missouri, Chief of Contract Burean. Benjamin N. Clements, ' Tennessee, Chief of Apnoinrment Bureau. " " -" W. D, Miller, Texas, Chief Clerk of Depart ment ' ' " ' ' . '. Joseph F. Lewis, Texas, Clerk, " John C. Bach, Louisiana, Clerk. - " J. Xu C. Dsnnrr, Alabama, Clerk. " J. Newton Iwis, Mississippi, Clerk. Eugene B. Phi! pot Abihama, Messenger. Psefeb loss by unjust gain, - -si 1 1. rAPRILllO, - 1861. y Collection oX Customs at , tha South.' cTWScrernrf of th 'TVeasrrry oi the'Poiv federate States has issued circular tarftrucHont in MlaUoa to tb- lrtta-duatioa f goods, wares. ' and niercluuidise into tlioe State by railroad be orgafrlr.ed rerenue establishments, to b known a "revwim stntions," loeated near to tb frontier of the Confdera States? At each sta. Uan will bean officer ef the rnstovtis, known at a r'remtwe : guard," kos dutiett shsll be of supervisor? nature.- over all hierehandrae lntro duoad. Thero will alsobea-rtaMistied revonn depots," oach havinf t chief orncw, w ith tit th flowers of eol lector ef eostnrua erer Importa iows by aea mt pert of entry;- - H " " ! "Actic- osr lirmrit It TJrvcn. r Station, Iiuuiwliately Vii the arrival of any ruilrod ( carriage or train from any foreign territory iron, rigtintis to the Confederate State at any of th reventfe stations, theennrluetoror other jittso?i in charg sball be reqirired to produce to the revenu guard at the first station aian&st in triplicate of all the goods, wares, or merchan dise brought Into tlie Confedrarc Sta'cs on board such railway carriage or train.' And It is uiade the duty o( the revenue guard at th rev enue station te board all raiinuy trains arriving at said station from said foreign territory at all hours of the day and nitiht to receive the mani fest 'd on its irrseiitatinn tr See that the goods v-- 1 j !i i .i : . i.-i i . , conveyed, and to place on eacn oi said tieiglit ears revenue locks of the Confederate States of America. Th original mstiifest, properly oer. tilled, sliall be returned to th onmiuctor, and a duplicate forwarded ,unler seal to the mvenue oflicer at tho first revenue depot to n liicii tho cars are destined hy tha shortest route. Acnof osi AnmvAt at RrvEvre Dhpots. On tho arrival of the railway train or cars, at the first revenue depot, within the limits of the Confederate States, the conductor shall deliver to tha chief ruvenuo olliocr resiiling thereat the original manifest presented to and endorsed with the certificate of the revenue guard at tho sta tion aforesaid and also to deliver to the said chief revenue officer all the itkercluuidi de scribed in said luanifvst, by either leaving at said depot all tho locked cars containing the game, or nVp.isitiiig said goods In a warehouse of deposit at said depot to be provided for that purtKHi iindrw tbe regulations now governing bonded warehouses, . or as may bo otherwise provided. On such delivery being made and an examination being instituted of the train hy saiil revenue officer, ho shall, if satisfied that all the merchandise has been delivered, furnish to the conductor or oilier person iu cbargo of the train a permit to proceed to a further doi tination. " PAssricER BAon.tog. " J Tho hagsago of all pasenavrs passing over the railroad routes, on arrival at the revenue station or depots, shall be sulijcct to the in spection and examination of either the revenue guard at such stations, or revenue -officer at such revenue depots, and any baggage that tiny 1 intended to be landed at places between the revenue stations and first revenue depots may be examined by tho revenue guard, jind if con taining no articles snl ject to duly, slu.ll be land ed nt tho intermediate place named by having a permit, rigned by (lie s:iid revenue guard, past ed permanently on the trunk, valise, carpet-bag, or other envelope of such baggage. . Ba(si:ai:c Containing DiTiAUi.n McRciiAxnisE. Shoiibl, however, dutiable articles be found in such baggage, the trunk or other package con taining the same, must he placed in the car with the merchandise, ami under the revenuo lock as before requirod. and the fact noticed ui the man Test And such baggage shall bo delivered, with the other merchandise, to the, chief revenue officer at the revenue depot under tho foregoing regulations. ' --- - Disposition or Baouaoe at Rbtexti! Dmvm. Passenjrer liscrga" destined fir places beyond or more Ulterior than the revenue depot must be examined by tho chief revenue officer at said revenue, depot, and if tliey arc found not to con tain any merchandise subject to duty, may pass to their destination by having a permit, signed by the chief revenue nlfictr, pasted thereon. Should, however, such hagagu contain dutiable merchandise, the trunks or other packago in which said baggage is contained shall bo depos ited at said revenue depot;' ' . Remembf.ii. Rothschild, with all his wealth, must bo satisfied with the saino sky that is over the head of tho poor man. Hr cannot order a nrirat sun-Set that he msfenjoy it with t se lect circle of friends, cor can h add on single ray to. tli clear, , bright beauM .of tbe queen of night as she sails through the. heavens. The richest banker cannot have more than his share of tho ah to breathe, and the poorest rif all m"n ran lisv the samn. Wealth 'may bur a bril liant bracelet, daxiliug with diaJUoncU and .nt-iiii-s, but wealth cannot bur a graceful and well- turned arm on which to display its splendor. God only - can give that,' and tit many of the poor he has given it "I wl.-h I had the health ef Ui.it rosy-cheeked peasant firi," aig'M th aristocratic invalid, propped up with pillows hvj net costly carriage. "Ah, me, says tlie girl, "If I couhr only ride m snch stylo is that" Waslth-cannot ptirvha-e health, nor oan it glre a contented miiuL- -All Uittt is most-valuable can be had for nothing. They come as pre sents from thelrandofa kind and . iud'dgent PBther, end neither the air, not sky, rinr heau tv, heahh, strength, and genius, can b boirgfit and sold...' Reader, whatever nnvy ba thy condi tion in life, rcjiieuiW'r Uiesc tilings, ajid b cou telit Southern Famly Jounml. , j. - " ' rCure for Cancer. - . -.-si . "' ' is: """ ' ' Pa. CtpcD Drar Sir : If tbe cancer U so sitwated on the person thnt it .can be worked with, pi let H all over, and around, with a knife or lanos, aw as to lireak tho skbi ; then share off tb fust or rough part of aenrn cob with kuife fill it into a corn cob pipe light it put thin cloth over the pipe apply the tcarn to the cancer, and with your month blotr the sleam and smoke n th Cancer, monrlnt and evening for ten days, and an effectual enr will be had. TbrtO or four pipe fulU may be arndiod each time. , Keep poultices of niiudi or light bread to th Cancer to keep It moist 'and clean. The' poisnnnns-qnantie of this steam and smolts will deaduo and destroy th Cancer, ' and H of tt rootv hkh will work out and can be e in the mush. , This, remedy will also destroy U kinds of Warts. If any one JoubU the alioja acts, let mm try mem. - -- fLATO. . Hot .a er Team Wsrr rs Ditirmt Onre. Tne Ohio Farmer sav there h laorw lay the rmnva- meols of 41m driver of an sv-fewfoi-and isi oarry. iflg of the whin, tha ruoat farmers Vblnk. .Hs en. hoB crer quick m their mocrmcnos. or bp' rtgot irrtnrw walk m th yoke, rvmn oecom duIL and ret tho practice of bevmg 'or "bant ins." in consequence of the driver Ureing atone?, H or. as as lien tb praeUcev gowig Bad or tne team, and from time to time stent j back and wbinping thrr.' A driver of an ax trra should walk directly onoosit to the yoke, waik srratvht and carry lus whip as upright tm w aotdier wontd his gun. Use a whip-stock wna a short lawiM and touch th cattle only with the' lashJ snd never strike them on th nose or over tbe erea. Mm Smith asked 1th pleasure of Captain Jones' company to tea." At the time appoint ed, the Captain, being in command of the Rifle Company, made his appearance with the whole of his company, in parade dress. ' I Important Postal Intelligence - We ar fncbted to Hon. John IT Reag'an, Pesm aster General of Pii tSonfcderate States, abr the following eiretilar letters issued by hi DopertaacnaV. sThaw doeanrcnul wRI be read with interest and eaplsia themselves t -,kA,,CjlTiiaTt' Sttb r Amibwa, ) : t , . 'ost OtBi- Department j , "!CtRCrriTtrrTfa Jfo.' I. It is tlie wish of this awverrwiietri that all postmasters and other employees in th postal service should eontiuaa to lierfnrrq their duties as such, and render all their Bcronnts and pay aH moneys to the order of the government a tit United State, a they have heretofore doue, rttil th government ef the tonleileratij States shall be prepared to ac - "" ." entire control of IM poal affairs. This, will b don a snoa a practicable. But Ihs? cau- of delay inoileut to tbe orawnisiian-l or the department are fnrh as to place it out or my power to determine deflnlt -ly when the new service will b ubstitiitod for tb old. " Any attempt, to mix tho employees of the two governments in f!e same service, would be whol ly Impraotinahle. And no removals or appoint ments of postmasters, pr others, in the sen-ice, will be made by this department, nor will it re reive returns relating to or moneys derived from th postal service. . . - - If tho govcmuiunf of th United States should cease to carry on this service, before this depart ment shall lie orgsnlred and prepared to take Charge of it, no great shock to tlie public inter ests will be produced by such a course, as the Postmaster General is uuiliorie.l to continue, provisionally, by proclamation, the present post masters, and others, in tho postal service, in of fice, and to continue existing contracts for car rying the UKiils, until new appointments and now contracts can be made. We must retard th carrying of our snails, at this time, by that government, as a great public necessity to tho per.pto of both governments, resulting from their past Intimate political, com-' nurcial, and sociiil relations, and alik impor tant to the preservation of the present interests of the poop! of both countries. And while that government, by its action, consults such con siderations, our government and people should, act with the same high regard for great public interests. Such a course on ourpait, spriiaging from such motives, will preserve th character of our people, without impairing the dignity of our government, and may lead to the transfer of our postal service from the control of the old to that of tho new government with far less in jury to tlie peoplo o ijotu Hum would necessa rily flow from preclpilato and inconsiderate ac tion en the purt of cither. Cimcl'MM Littkii. No. 8. The Government of the I'onfcdijrate States will not interfere with anr existing; contracts entered into between the Government of the lTnilrd State and the pres ent conli-sc lor, until it assumes the entire con trol of its post il all'airs. This course is render ed necessary by tho utter impracticability of mixing tho employees of the two governments iu the sumo service. The qiiestioii us to whether the Government of the Confedilnte States will assume nny lia bility to iiresttiit eontractors before it assumes the rot.tiol of nui- postal all'airs, i.ivolves tin idea or liability on the part of this governnnrit, for the obligation of the Cnired Slates, which cannot bai.toi Ulned by this Department But if the governiiient of the Cnited States should abandon tho mail service iu the Confederate States, before the Drpnrtnirnt shall he organized and ready to cuter into new contracts, I am au thorized to continue existing contracts, prol sioi.ally, by proclamation, until the new con Tracts run be entered into. - AwsToonAcv NoiiTii ano South. The repub lican paper are continually representing that tbo slave-owners of th South arc all aristocrats, and comprise an odious oligarchy, w hile all tho democracy of the country is to Imj found at the North. ; If the possession of wealth constitutes an aristocracy in the owners thereof, we think that there is far more of it to lie. found in the Northern than In the Southern States. All the backers, and liruncu rs, tlie rich merchants and shin-owner -i, and inure especially the luill-nwners ami manufacturers, according to this rule, form a vastly more numerous body of aristocrats and oliiiiwclis, and a more mischievous one, too, ss far as the interests of the masses are coiicerneil, than the Southern slaveholders. The truth is that there does exist a kind of pretentious aris tocracy in tlie country, whose rank is based on wealih ; but it is scattered all over tlie couutry, in every quarter, and is peculiar to no particular section,' It com prises, for the most part, per sons who have cnue into the possession of large fortunes, but who have very little intellect whoso breeches pockets vastly outweigh their brains but all thia will be equitably settled In about the third generation. - It is absurd to lo cate this class at the South, while the fact is no torious that there is hardly a more potcnf oil gutrhy existing any w her than in th manufac turing disti-icU of New Kngland a body which controls almost the souls and destinies of the operative aa completely as the cotton lords of Manchester. Stu Vurt llerald. , ' PBsiofj-T.Drr Ixvrrrn to ;Tadb. The Moutgmnerv Mail, of Saturday last, tells tb following:, , , . . . ' Yesterday President Davis went over to the West Poiut Railroad depot probably to see Mr. l'rciiftut 1'ollard, who .being out on of th young iiicd invited the General to a seat Now, our young friend who did th honors on the oo-au-ii, supposed drawing inferences from the I'rcsi.iuil's gray Mississippi suit that the visi tor was a backwoods fanner, and espying tho lrsileTit's watch chain, drew the watch by It out of tbe fob, rssuarking naively, ''Fine watch liow'il vou trade ?" Ucfisre Gen, Davis could make up Ids m'r.d on this proposition, CoL Pol lard cam in and diluted President D.rris.' lliC clerk lropcd th Watch in the Presi. dctil'slap, fell. backwards over bis own d.sk, and commenced writing at all his books proiuis- OtMMthlyi. (rW Jmt- - ' ' " ' H Uicy tell lh tale. - For urselvos, w be lie ve it and are inclined to think tliat if Col. I'nllard bad Temafned out a little longer, there would bav been a irado, W tak' it that the General never rcftises a fair baotcr ui peace or war. " ... t ., Cckiols StatoticS, Jloeording to tli Amer ican Lncyclojiajdia. th number of languages spoken Is 4164. The ntTmUr of men is about equal to th nwmbtr of wasnen. - The avenge of. human life ia tbirty-tlire years. - One quar ter die before the sge of seven. To every one thonaand persons, nry one reaches one fcun dred yrara. -T every ion kmndred, only six reach, seventy-fir years; and not -mora than one in five hunflrtd will reach eighty years, There are oo tlvn-n4 onllinns of inhabitants. UX (Jiase 3a,;.bS, di etery year; 1,824 die every day; 77?0 every hour; fiO every niisute. or one every second. These lwes are alsuit balanord by aa equal nmnhor of births. The married ara longer-avcd than th smrle, aaa above all, those ho observe a aobcr and iodus- trioos corrduct 'Tall men lire longer than short ones.; Women hav mors cbaaces mt lrO 'i previous to the aC.of bftji j cars than mn, but ' fewer alter. the r. uinocr or manriagca is the proportion or seventy -six to one hundred. Msmagt-iTare more frequent after the equinoxes -4 hat ' is lrrring th months f June and De cember. ' Thos horn in the vpring are generally more robust than others. Births and deaths ! ar tiiore frequent by night than by day. " ' Boots are" embalmed minds. Fame is Row, er upon a dead man's heart, EDITOR & PIOPRIETOBt Trt the Oharlaton Mtrcuri. , 2 .1, The Terrors of DifnimaiiV - Many month ago, when the first rlppl of th tide of disunion iu th Hood bad taad tts rirt impression upon tlie outward shores of tbe prua ent Southern Republic, great was the lamenta tion raised In many quarters, and dire were tb forebodings of disaster to the weak and helpless South, that issued bun every Delphic oracle of Abolition or of its complement at the South, Subiiiission, front Do too l Mew Orleans. : Tb total destruction of Southern oonunero, tb de preciation of property of all sorts, the doom ef slavery, desolating wart and ravaging want these were the prophetic conjaratlon of terror stricken imaginations at th South be'.d up bo fort ur peoiilo thes th toofllog sneers east In our teeth by the bloated arrogaoo ajid igno rance of the North, A gain, and again, and again, for years, lave we endeavored to soothe, by th plain deductions of reason, the morbid imagrna- Hons of tut ooo, and to warn and eorroct the ig norance of the other. Of this our readurs wUl bear us stnple testimony. RegsrdleVs of North ern scoffing and Southern terrorism, the fcopjo of th South hav at last faced their destiny. They bav thrown their bread upon th water, and already, before uuuiy duv a, it is returning to them. Faith faith in the right f.iitii, ill themtflrtt has achieved the victory. That faith, which led the troops of Alexander through Asia, bora tb Roman eagle over the knwu world, and carried tbe banner of France ncrost tho bleak, impenetrable snows of th Alps, and on, until it swi.pt in triumph from the dark waters of tho Nils to the shores of eternal ice upon tbe Arctio ocean; that faith of a people in them selves to dare, to do, to suilbr and acliiev, and without which all personal or national guccoas is impossible, has at length so far triumphed over timorous dreads In the South, and won our . independenc. Secession is practtcalilo, nd the Southern Confederacy iatstatiliabed. And where now are wv f From the stand point of the pres ei.t let u3 survey our position. , " "astin's our glance over tho Southern lion- , . eoii, upon what desolated fields, and blackened hearths, and smoking ruins, does the, eye rest f V here is the torch of tlie incendiary the hire ling bayonet of the North in our streets the cry of outraged women tb curs of starving won to tho contemplation of which pleasant little Inevitable, incidents our attention was invi ted? Where nro all the ruined merchants, and an annihilated commerce; where the valueless slave and tb land lying waste; where bank rupt treasury and aa outlawed people ; where are all our traitors; H..U where, ia.' .'y, are ull the ropej by w liicli liny vera to bo hung ! Is there, in all America, a single man of any pre tension to intelligence or ordinary Information who, at this present time, believes in all or any one of these silly conjurations f We do not be licve there Is one not even that half-crazy, dreaming, blood thirsty philosopher, Greeley himself. - i Success, like the bright beams of the carry mom, throws its roseate light of rising prosper, iiy over rur w hole Southern land, from the san dy shores of 'Carol int to the fir off Inland prai ries of tho West making light and glad and stroii? hearts thnt dare he free. A sense of new security pervading, in nil landed estate and pro perty of ever)- kind ; commerce preparing to bound forward; trade rushing into tiew rhnn-, nels; Europe spiinfrlng up lo nuvt us with tho rijdit hand of friendship.. These uie the fruits of secession ; this is the present position of the South; these-her calamities; these her future prospects, if she prove true to herself. , Beliol'l, then, the discernment of Southern terrorists ! Turn we our view to the Northward, ami be hold here, likewise, the miserable follyof a short sighted and presumptuous arrogance. How bright the present how cheerful the prospect how proud and enviable the position of this precious free, enlightened, philanthropic, inde pendent mighty, mighty North! Read their present direful lucubrations recall theh late levity and boasting. Why, 'tis enough to shame a man of his species, to find mankind so besot ted with ignorance and stupidity. How long is it since we were told of the absolute depondonc the politicsl, economical and moral vassalage of the South to the eighteen millions of free and enlightened Northern people 1 How long, since with brutal audacity we were held, and describ ed, as a people unworthy of the countenance of the Christian world, and altogether bencaih rci gard a race Impoverishe d in resources, barbar ous in custom, inlidel in institutions, savage in deportment, enervated in body, debased in mind debauched in morals. . A few brief weeks, snd bow now cries this rabble crowd 1 The noble quarry brought at last to bay, tossing his wide antlers in Ike air, has fuced tbe monrret pack A single iduiige, and lo I scattered wide, they backward crouch, and now most piteously howl their lamentations to tho moon, lout in their own pu.-snit, amidst dreads, and doubts and dilUcul ties snd dangers, - .'.- v . Look to Washington. A bankrupt treasury and a falling credit as tbe basis of operations, and sole promise of power nnd plenty great complication of men and means, and measure and parties, and States at homo Bod Nation abroad bogvling and bungling from December to April, adding folly to foliy and vulgarity to, blimdiring each day sinking deeper and deeper into the Slough of Despond opnfuslon, doObtt judicial blindness, dissension, discredit dismay. Such is the present al'itude of that high and mighty, august and most invulnerable moboertt ic conglomeration lit ruler for a herd of buffa iocs or Ulack Republican mobs, ..,,? ; Tuin vour eve lo New Visit. Look at thelr bank, filled with trillions of idle money noth-, ing to buy, nothing to sell ; stocks dwindling to. nothing; commerce flying from its accustomed, channels; Irsdo pamlyied ; manufactories going; by the board; men svery where ausiously occu. '. pied in nothing to do, save those who cry fcl food and fuel, aud wrangle aod snarl and thrrs. amongst each other. Obl"poopleof tbe No: Lb, ' "enli-htentiT freemen, shout hallelujahs, siiig, pivos loud to your cherished divinity, Licenn ; fall down and worship him, for you have placcii, him high upon his throne--his foot lo upon you Alas! "how have the mighty fallen," when j handful of enfeebled, degenerate, and semi-bar, barons people, can so humble and baffle 'V igh. teen m'ltions nf noble, intelligent, hardy free, men of the North!" Shriek "freemen of th North," shriek aloud, "giv me liberty or glv in deatbl'' By all means do it; and when yotf. begin, keep ott doing it Shriek aloud, and caiU on the Plymouth Rock sing incantations f-m strike -it vu'th seme magic wand, that it may bring forth food and drio in pler.'y iu& pray,, likewise. It may hring you an t'r n of discretion,' a.rrain of mutest v, a spark of honesty 1n th observation of legal obligation.- ' ' - . To ns of the South "the terror of disunion" where are tliey f Are not former "horrors" a ctsse ff shame: to : Southern men? Even yet there iatm biejsmo of Uiatff,"tht eonfl' denee which makes asm and stakes nations great tkes asm aaa niaae nwcons greas . vea yet soite shrink back able dreads and irosginarr d'":i, is little prou"-! for cither. "TatlX.' and suocestfuk from unreasonal lii..-. -T'V. i. Til . I. iind frtith in votTwnvts, and forwanll 5 "-' J-Vi ' -V ' i m .-!' V THJ RArtrrs awtJ Trrs.'--A 'ferTryrfct frow' Howard's P,antwiites i Rabluts tnaw b,Kew vented front Uestroying young peach and appl. trees, by dipping a woollen rag. in grca-c cr some kind bog's lard or the like ar.d nihbirg th tree as far vip ts yon can eael," ' He U-srn.' ed this from bis neighbors, after b bad lost som trees ; and smo such tnrlrahon has l oin md. no tro has beca touched, iYir !r. mtr. Hb that entertains a daogeroiui design r-oti. i his head tr.t" a halter. if a. I-