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HOWARD FALCON! R, Editor, P. A. OCTAL, AaeiatauU Editor, . J WEDNESDAY, IfRIL It, 1841. THE CASH SYSTEM. Tm ' Intelligencer 1 will b publiahod hsrsaf. tar strictly on the cam imu We shall writ a nun ia oo subscription book, of a eubseri hot, now til fnonej accompanies tha order ud when a subscription expires, tha name will 'ho erased from the list " ' Wa hav to par cash for piper, ink, printer, and nearly all else Decenary to oar operationa. . The "Intelligencer" it tha largest and eheapest newspaper fat tha county only tuts dollars per annum and cm tain mora reading matter than any other country paper In the Stat. . The Prospect Before Us. Ths pofitieal weathereock, which had been, for a month past, veering in every direction, eemt at length to have steadied Itself. ' It now unmistakably pointing in tha direction of war. The old concern" at Washington ia evi dently disposed to bring mutter to a .crisis, Great activity ht prevailed, during tha pact week, In the War and Navy Department; ma ny vouch), laden with troop and monitions of war, have lefYthe Northern parts under sealed orders j and wa may expect to hear, before an other week shall ha to passed away, that, the deadly strife has begun. Such is the general expectation of ear people. ' War, however, hag no terror for thcin. They do Hot desire war, for itself; they are not disposed to bring on the Struggle; but they will not shrink from the content, when their rights ihall be invaded by the foe. Thi county ho already aent a .hun dred men to Penaacola. Should their service be needed, five hundred more will promptly go forward to meet the enemy. Tha aame spirit animate the bosom of our people throughout the State and throughout the entire Confederacy, In reply to the charge that their ballots would have been east for "Union" if the new Consti tution had been submitted to their vote, the people of the Confederate States will point to their glittering bayonets, and bid tha-would-be tyrant at Washington to number them. The Five Million Loan. The following gentlemen are requested by" the Central Commissioner to act a Commis- sloncrs for their rospeclivt counties, to open book of subscription for the Five Million loan. Book, blanks, to., have been forwarded by mail to the places designated for opening sub scriptions: Hou.r Sfrixos W. M. Lea, J. W. Clapp, Walter Goodman. Corijitu A. H. Dilwortli, Chas. G. Polk, C. W. McCoid. Oxford Hon. Jacob Thompson, A. II. Pcgues, Jan. Brown. Panola J. II. Fizer, W. B. Dickens Vf, P. Wooton. IIirnakdo S. Oliver, W. II. Johnston, S. D. Johnston. Grenada Win. Lake. Q. S. Golladny, Dr. J. H. Town. Carkollton J. Z. George, P. Money, J. A. Binford. LixraaTON W. L. Kierme, W. II. Dyson, Wm. Boyle. Yazoo City F. Barksdalc, F. Bostick, S. M. Sharpo. Camto Dr. W. M. Reid, O. R. Single-ton, Gen. Winter. Vicssbi'ko S. B. Newman, W. C Smcdcs, W. H. Johnson. Natcdei Geo. W. Koontz, Dr. Jan. Metcalf, X. B. Baker. Port Gibson W. S. Wilson, G. V. Moody, J. a Maxon. Woodvii.le W. B. Bryan, W. C. Conncll, IL R. Davii Abrrdein Andrew Gillet-pie, Geo. G. Sum mer, J. W. Williams. Coixxiirft Ja.. Whitfield, Geo. W. Harris, Tho. C. liiliups. E.VTERPK17.K E. It McLain, Moody & O'Far rail, R. A. Hundley. Houston C. B. Baldwin, Eli Abbott, T. N. Martin. Macox G. M. Gray, J. B. McLelland, G. D. Moore. Fort Pieken Certainly to be Reinforced. The latest issue of the New York Tribune, which w have on hand, say that Fort Picken MM eertamlg be re-try orced. Tha Cincinnati Gazette says : W have the bet autliorrty for stating, how- over and upon thi point wo think the public may rest assured that Fort Picken will not bo surrendered, and that orders for its r-in foroement have been (riven. The New York Express, a most reliable pa per adds : W are enabled to state, authoritatively, that the following fore of the United btates troops. sailors and marine on board the men-of-war under the command of Ommodor Prendergast, are detailed to land at Fort Pickens at a signal from Liieut Meuimcr : Men. aio S50 ISO 80 800 Brooklyn, steam corvette, : : : : Sabine, sailing frigate, : : : : : St Louis, sailing corvette, : : : ; From smaller craft (artillerists) about : Total, r : : : j : : : : t War Steaaner off" Month Mississippi. New Orleans, April 8. A private telegram from Fort Jackson says a war steamer, disguis ed, passed the month of the Mississippi yester day afternoon, and came within reach of the gun of the fort She reconnoitcred about till morning, and then proceeded to sea. From Hew York. Nrw York, April 8. Tha steamship Illinois took 8,000 barrels assorted stores, 600 cases of muskets, two parks of artillery, a large number of gun cai-Hama, and a large quantity of am munition, with TO,000 in specie. She sails to morrow morning. What it thi Qukstjok. The Corinth (Miss.) Advertiser says: . ' Tha question is not what Mississippi most do to enable her to defend herself out, but bow she ia to get back in the Union, with as little dishonor to herself as possible. " If the editor of the Advertiser has any honor left he'd better emigrate into Tennessee, or some other nett of Brownlows and Etheridge'a, where Republicanism is in vogue. 8rsran Gimajuj's Rcls. "I have always considered advertising, liberally and long, to bo tho great medium of success in business and prelude to wealth. And I have made it an in variable rule, too, to advertise in the dullest times, long experience having taught mo that money thus spent is well laid out; as by keep ing my basilicas continually before the public, it has secured toe many aalea that I would oth- i have lost" Call for more Troops from Mississippi. Wa stop tho press this morning to announce that President Davis has jnst made a requisition i Governor Pettus lor 8,000 more volunteers Mississippi The dUpatch wa received irw cast niijht, and tho nrw Is reliable. Dnoour&gement for-the Bordar Can Xoa vear past, nder rrwrfna; convic tion that the people of the North wore hos tile to slavery aad resolved apoa it exti ac tion, th Southern ml ad has been gradually settling dowq Into tha belief that a soparaiioe Irons the North waa a a avoidable, AH, nearly all, concurred ta tho opinion that dis union, in tho end, waa -certain. Sagaciooa men have long comprehended tho met that the Union could not survive tho success' of those fanatics who now control public opin ion In tho free States. In November lost, sectional and anti-slavery part elected Abraham Lincoln to the Presidency of tho United States, aad already seven of tha ex treme Southern States, guided by tho in stinct of self-preservation, hsvo united tho declaration:-" Wo will not bar this man to reign over aa , while tha remataing lava States, anxioa and alarmed, aro dia cuss in a tho question whether H will b aafe for them longer to continue their political connection with tha avowed enemies of their cberUhed institutions; aad thia discussion turn chiefly upon th amount of credit due to those declarationa la which tha Black Re publicans affect to disclose their future policy The vulgar crew, whose representative air, Lincoln is, are not less greedy than fanatical. They intended to rule the South, and, at the same time, to make it "py." Such havinjr been their purpose, they are inexpressibly disturbed in view of the dangers threatened by secession ; and, in order to retain the slave States of tho border ia the Union, they are ready to asseverate any thing that may be required at their bauds, touching tha iu- nocency of their purposes. They will readi ly promise all that the South may choose to ask; only, they prefer not to put any new promises into the Constitution. The party now !u power in the United States, from the pot-house politicians dowa to the miserable creature who sits in the Presidential chair, aver that they have no design, and never did dosijrn, to iutorfure with the right of the Southern people, or to administer the federal government upon .anti-slavery principles. This averment is so constantly repeated, too, that it is manifest that those who make it do not desnuir of findinjr those who will re ceive it as true ; and it is quite apparent, also, from the frantic efforts of cortain Southern men to check and clog the secession move ment in the border slave States, either that those men put implicit faith in Black Repub lican sincerity, or that they are indifferent to Black Republican suoccs, to that they can but secure their own personal and private ends. Occasionally, in the jonrnals con trolled by this class of men, we see it an nounced, w ith oracular gravity, that "there i every encouragement for the border States to cling to tho Union." The people of those States are assured, in the most positive man ner, tint a groat reaction has taken place la the Northern mind, and that the South, hav ing no longer aught to fear in the Union, should exhibit a fraternal confidence in the tnic-hearted North! Recent events arc appealed to as furnish ing evidence of the fact that a returning sense of juatioe has taken possession of the Northern heart. Local elections, largely con trolled by local elements, have resulted, it seems, in the election of one or two city mayor at the North who are not Black Re publicans; and thi i made the text of such rejoicing, in Southern newspapers, as would scarcely bo more than justified if Old Nick had flown away with the Illinois rail-splitter and all his followers. In tho populous citie of the free State it was to bo expected that a kind of reaction would take place in tho minds of those trailers and manufactu ho have severely felt the consequence re sulting from Lincoln's election ; but it ia idle to look to the cities for the political regener ation of the North, while the sentiment of the rural population remain unchanged. Aa anu-itepuuiican majority or a tew meagre hundreds of votos, in a populous city, af fords small ground of encouragement to a Southerner who is cool enough to look over the entire ficlJ, and who pcrcicrea that Black Republicanism is waxing in strength ia tho Northern Slates. , When the ass had robed himself in the lion's skin, he was unable to conceal Lis own long ears, and thereby his attempt to impose himself upon other animals a the king of the forest waa rendered futile. Just such another ass' is Abraham Lincoln. He swearf. with might and main, that, the South may safely trust him upon the subject of slavery ; and yet, when ho make appointments to Federal offices, hi appointees are selected from the ranks of those whoso violence aa Abolitionista, or whose treason as Southern ers, haa rendered them specially odious to the Southern people. Old Giddings, Ileary Winter Davis, Casstua M. Clay, Cart Schurs a quartette of infamy which has, probably, no parallel ia thia world such are the anew whom Lincoln delight to honor. Doubt less, if John Brown, instead of being tat - ftrno, had been ia Washington city on the 4th of last month, be would have been of fered his choice of all tha offices at the dis posal of Lincoln, whose abolition sympathies are so irrepressible that they "stick oat" and become apparent to every beholder. If acy man, who understand the real character of the great mass of those persons who bar recently been appointed to office at Wash-1 ton, can entertain, for the leasj appreciable 1 portion of aa inataxtt the idea that Lincoln may safely bo trusted, by the people of any Sooth era State, in reference to slavery, h mast be endowed with sack aa amount of credulity, that, if he lad a corresponding lenirth of ear, Li ear would serve aa to- hrellaa tut a eounlaof tefftmenteof bona. J 1 Froa Washington. WAiHncoTo, April 8. Neither tho effioer of ths army or navy, or other, are acquainted with th design of the present military aaova menta, bat they believ Texas is tbs point to be operated upon. Gen. Houston has written fill sd vices to the A dministrat'on, which it is thought will remit m hi re-eetablishnent in th execu tive chair of Teia. Forti Taylor and JeSersoiL fort Tsylor is at Key Wast, aad Fort Jeffer son at Tortus, Both are aow occupied by tbs forces of the United Statsa, and tha Black BepabScana stoutly insist that both are to he retained by them, - amW any circumstances. Ivan tha pacific National Intelligencer, which earnestly advisee the surrender of Forts Susator and Pickens to Um authority of the Confederate State, scouts, in It quiet way, th idea that Florida ha any solid pretence of title to Fort Tsylor and Jederaon, aad deems It quite reason abb that the CnKcd State should continue to hold them, to some quarters it is intimated, and in other ft ia broadly asserted, that Key Watt aad Tortoga Constitute o part of th Stat of Florida. . W propose brwfly to axaav iae that position. The U. States acquired Florida from Spam, under th Treaty of February 23d, 1819, th Sd Article of which I in these words: .. . "Hi Catholio Majesty codes to the C. flutes, la full property aad sovereignty, all th territo ris which bdoog to him, situated to the east ward of the iliaiHKsippi known by tho name of East and Wast Florida, Th mdjaeent Itiandi eVpsadsat aa said prteinet, all public lota and aquarea, vacant land, pnblie office, fbrtiita tuna, barrack, aad other butldlnaa, which are nut private property, archivsa and dooaments, which relate directly to the property and sove reignty of sid provinces, r tneludtd in this mrtieU." Key West tod Tortuga are Island, formed by a continuation of what I known 'as "the Florida Reef," and "dependent Upon Florida. Indeed, it I only a dependencies of Florida a parts of Florida Itself that they could hav been claimed by the United State under the treaty atipnlation just cited. When, by the act of the Sd of March, 1845, Florida wa admitted into the Union, it was provided, by the 6 th Sec tion of that act : "That said State of Florida shall embrace the Territories of East and West Florida, which, by the treaty of amity, settle ment and limits between the United State and Spain, on tho 22d day of February, 1819, were ceded to tb United States." Again : by the act of February tSd, 1847, ft was enacted : That all that part qf th Slats Florida ly ing South of a line drawn due East and West from the Northern point of Charlotte Harbor, including ths Islands, Keys, Reefs, Shoals, Har bors, Bay nd Inlets, South of said tins, shall be erected into a new Judicial district, to b call ed the Southern District of Florida ; a District Court shall be held in said Southern District, to consist of on Judge, who shall reside at Kty Wist, in said District, and shall hold two terms of said Court in each year at Key West" It ia thus demonstrated, beyond all question, that the United State not only acquired, but have always recognised, Key West and Tbrtuga at an integral portion of Florida. If it be conce ded, then, that Florida, by her ordinance of se cession, withdrew from the Union and the U. States cannot deny that proposition, and, at the name time, .propose to treat with the Confeder ate States it follows, necessarily, that, in point of right and law, the whole Stato went out of tlx Union together, at one and the same instant of time ; for the sovereignty of a State in equal ly operative everywhere within its territorial limits. The accidental circumstance that tho United States bold possession, by military force, of Forts Taylor and Jefferson, cannot Invalidate the title of Florida to those Forts. That pos sesion is wrongful, ts in the case of Forts Sum ter and Pickens It is simply a case in which an agent, whose authority has been revoked by hi principal, unblushingly seeks to enrich him self by seizing the property of tho latter and attempting to hold it by the strong hand. It is said, however, that tho possession of Forte Taylor and Jefferson i essential to the U. States, in order that it may be enabled to pro tect its commerce in the Gulf of Mexico. That pretension is "cool," to say the least It place the convenience of the United States entirely above th question of right Upon the same ground, th United States might claim th ports in the acceded States ; for they would be very convenient to it for commercial purpose. But the pretension Itself is based upon a fulse as sumption. It assumea that the commerce of the Gulf Is henceforth, as heretofore, to be that of the United States, and that the Confederate States will have no Interest, or only a very sub ordinate interest, in that commerce. It seem to hav been forgotten that the ship-owners of th North am no longer to enjoy a monopoly of the carrying trade between Southern and North era porta. That trade is hereafter to bo opened alike to th vessels of alt nations, and competi tion will go far to exclude the North from all participation in the trade. The exports of the Gulf States will consist chiefly of their own productions, and then Import will be designed chiefly for their own consumption. It matters not, therefore, what may be the nationality of the vessel ia which th commerce of th Gulf may be carried on. That commerce will be that of tb Confederate States, rather than that of the United States; and, therefor, even though tho possess! oa of tha Florida forte were to be awarded to that claimant to whom they are like ly to be most convenient and necessary, the U. State could not retain them. . But there ia another consideration, in refers enc to th fort in question, which overshadows very other, and render it forever impossible that the Confederate States should consent to relinquish those fort, either to the United State or to any other foreign power. If we were at war with a maritime nation holding possession of those forts, not only would our commerce lie at the mercy of our enemr. but overr one of our porta on th Gulf would be in constant dan ger, from the convenience with which hostile and secret expeditions against them could be organised and kept on foot from that base of operation. They would render th defewee of our coast almost ruinously expensive, because we should be obliged to keep, at every point ex posed to attack, a force sufficient to repel any that might be brought against k. It follows, therefore, that th United States cannot he per mitted to retain Forte Taylor and Jefferson ; and this point must be insisted on by tha Coo- federate States, even to the iaane of war. v A ComacT to Ceaqtra m Sovrra. A man, sifrning kinase A. J. Uwen, and wm at ovt dewtly aaxiow for notoriety of soma aort, pre- ra Uta Hew York TnbuM, ta eaotracT with President Lincoln, General Scott, or any body else whs haa the power to enter bite a contract of th kind, to remf.n o Fort Sumter, recover tho Branch Mint and all ships and tearaer of whatever ind, belonging to tb United State), bring back all property and id powev or that aavl-een "aABVWpriatoa' by th rebels. aad renters th same to that Government for tho of 7,o,000. Tb Government to fur nish fan with toff) dent beats and munitions of war, 20,000 "lire Yankee" and provisions suf ficient to Uat until he lands among th rebels. " He ha estimated tho job for one year, at a dol lar per day for ach man, adding five per cent for his trouble. He asks no formal declaration of war to aocomplifching all this, but a simple power of aUoraey, aa one would require to eol- le-t a mil aent. v Ond Hundred Yean Ago. "i j" . " ' art timing ever, a few days since,1 the leaves of a book which had attained the respectable age of! a Century, we ware profoundly impressed with the Importance and gravity of the event that have occurred since tho volume then before us was given to the world. We were almost startled, too, When w realized that a hundred years, after all, ia but a very brief space of time. IV ben the man of fifty looks back to the day nf his boyhood, tho intervening bridge of year cenis, scarcely longer than 'that whereby to-day iscoaneetad wUh the month that haa just now become a part of the eternity behind us; and while, h reealh) th narratives; of former times, to w hich ho lUtcned la his youth as they fell from aged lipa, and reflects that he has himself eon rented with those who wore eye and ear wit nesses of what took place nearly a hundred and fifty years ago, a century, in retrospect, ia to him but the duplication of that pertonal exist ence which he compares to the fleeting "vapor, that appeareth for a little time, aad then vanuh etk away." On the S5th of Ootohar, 1780, George III as cended tha throne of England His marriage with the princess Who waa ao long afterwards known as "th good Queen Charlotte," and the coronation of tha pair, occurred in 1761. On tha 14th of April, in that year, w read that "Hi Majesty In Council was pleased to appoint the following new Governors, and other officers, In several of His Majesty's Plantations in Amer ica, rat.' .-'!. "Aw ort ftob't Mocton,sq.; Governor. Cadwal'ader Colden, Esq.;' Lieut Governor- Benjamin Pratt, Esq.; Chief Justice. South CarolinmTho. Boone, Esq.; Governor. Charles Skinner, Esq.; Chief Justice. ' Georgia James Wright, Esq.; Governor. Arsis Jersey Josiah Hardy, Esq.; Governor. North Carolina Tho. Fa'kner, Esq.; Secre tary "and Clerk of the Crown." How "ni Majesty" would hav stared, if he had been told, in 1761, what waa to be the his tory of his "Plantation in America'' up to 1861 1 Little' did he then dream that ia fifteen year the standard of rebellion would be raised in the col onies, and that the jlesplsod eolonUt would compel him to recognize theit independence of hi authority ; and as little could he have im agined that those "Plantationi were to grow up, In less than a hundred years, into ono of the greatest powers of the earth, and that, in 1861, this mighty Confederacy of the West would be numbered among the things that were. The great Napoleon was not born until George III had been nearly ton year a King, and yet, after astonishing mankind by th splendor of his achievements, and literally changing the fact) of Europe, he waa preceded to the tomb by the British monarch only by about sixteen months. An English writer, in 1761, felicitated his countrymen upon the ease and rapidity with which they could transport themselves from place to place. "Stage-coaches," laid he, "ma chines, Hys, and post-chaise are ready to trans port passengers to and fro, between the metrop olis and the most distant parts of the kingdom. The lovor now can almost literally annihilate time and space, and be with hi mistress before she dreams of his arrival Even a troop of geese and turkeys may be driven from the country to town in s shorter time than a nobleman and his family could have made the journey heretofore ; and the gamester offers to bet that ho can go from London to Edinburg inwelve hours." If that writer mud bare lifwa the veil ol the fu ture and caught a glimpse of the swilf steamer and tho swifter locomotive of 1861, ho would undoubtedly have wondered whether he himself was sleeping or waking; and if ho had been in formed .what wonderful feat were to be per formed by the obedient lightning, through the telegraph, it is not probable that his informant would have been regarded by hiia a a prophet to be credited. To us, the idea of "annihilating time and space" with stage-coaches snd post chaises seems extremely preposterous ; but the expression is suggestive, intimating, as it does, that travelling in England had, at no great dis tance of time, been among the "slowest" of hu man performances. France and England, in 1761, were still en gaged in the war of 17SA, and England made sad havoc with the Commerce of her ancient en emy. During the nine months ending with Sep tember, 1761, no loss than si humlred and sigh-ty-fomr French (hip were captured by British enmtera. At that time, the commerc of France, compared with that of the'United State at (lie present day, waa very small If, therefore, Great Britain, in 1761, could make it "pay" to cruise against the commerce of France, protect ed, aa that commerce was, by a powerful nary, it seems probable that the commerce of the U. State, in 1861, would present a richer field to enterprising privateers, both because the prize is far greater in value, and because the means of defending it, on tb part of the United States, are scarcely worth considering. - Men appear to have had appetites, a hundred years ago, as well as now, for food snd drink. Thus, we learn that "Tb following is sa exact account of tb articles consumed at dinner only, by voter of a small borough, on the day of electing their members, independent of veal, mutton, poultry, pastry, Ac., and a preparatory breakfast, which last alone amounted to 750., (8,760.) Conawnpuon at dinner 80 atone (8,820 lb.) of beef, 815 doeea of wine, 73 pipes of ale, and S65 gallons of spirit converted into punch." Wo presume the voting was don bo fore dinner. - We dose, for th present, our extracts from the ancient volume we have referred to, with tha following illustration of taste and poetic tal ent : "Sir John Trollop added a stoeprs to bis parwh church, and erected near it a statue of himself, which pointed with one hand up to the new-raised building, and with tb other to the vault where ho designed to be buried ; aad on tho pedestal he engraved th following inscrip tion : '..'. Tki ia she sestM of Sir John Trollop, Who earned yonder stoaee to roll ap; And when to besvea God calk hi awl op, , Hi body te fill Oris bole ap." I A Rasa Asm At There wa q ait an excite ment in Chapel street that forenen, caused by th appearanco si a young man carrying th tools and wearing tho waepeng of a gmuin "Wide Awake." of th October breed, -On Um back of bis oil-eVm wpe, n targe leUera, were tha words. A WIDE AWiKk toosrao roe ws." A gentleman aeeeeted him and asked what he meant by parading the streets ia that unfashionable atiire Ho replied, "ft ia the best suit of clothes I hsvo rot and a Democrat named Babcock, of Weatville, has given me the only woriul hav had since Lincoln' election. lie took ptty on me eive me my aoara, and pay me a dollar a day to march about th street m this costume, which I prefer to do rather than be idle." The gentlewiao ban did bim a dollar to walk Cbapcfatreet far him next Mon day. We presume tha. greater part of them would like to be employed at similar rates. Another ccnUetnan. we understand, took tb young man into Pardee's rooms and secured his photograph. Xet Jforrm ftrritttr, ' ''Grow Iiyustice.'-' T I ;Uner thi head, in our last issue, ; we took ' Occasion to make a iew comments upon a para graph which had recently appeared in the edito rial column of the Vicksburg Whig; and in which, aa we conceived, a great wrong had been committed against one of our citizens. We have no taste for a war of words, and it wa very fkr from our purpose to provoke "a controversy" with the Whig. . We held up to that journal th wrong into which we complained that it had been betrayed, in the hope that the wrong would be repaired. ' Thai hope ha been disappointed. The Whig has answered us, "after a fashion," and ha affected a disposition to do justice in the premises, by accepting our denial of the troth of an absurd rumor, which foupd a ready place in its columns, imputing to ex-Secretary Thomp son a gross malversation ia office, and by an ex pression of its gratification upon learning that th rumor waa wholly without foundation but it fail to withdraw or modify its declaration that th letter of Mr. Buchanan was "in direct con tradiction" to a statement made by Mr. Thotrip- aoa. it this omission did not proceed Irora ac cident, th Whig must be regarded as persisting In its original declaration. But this is not all Not Only doe the Whig omit to do justice, when directly called upon to do so, but It aggravates iu former wrong by committing fresh acts of injustice. It goes long way out of its path id order to ssy that "the united testimony of Mr. Holt and Mr. Bu chanan go to prove that he (Mr. Thompson) nev er uttered a single manly protest against the pol icy of re-lnforcing the Southern forts, until the thunder of popular indignation in the South drove him from his comfortable seat in the Cab inet" ' Where thi "testimony" is to be found, we are at a loss to know. We have carefully perused the two published letter of Mr. Holt, and hav been unable to discover any passage, in either of them, Justifying the language of the Whit. In the two letters of Mr. Buchanan we find notliinc in point except the following. In hi first letter, accepting the resignation of Mr. Thompson, h eays "You had been so emphatic in opposing these re-inforecments that I thought you would resign in consequence of my decision." If Mr. Buchanan' "testimony" does not dis prove the proposition in support of which it is adduced by the Whig, we have very greatly erred in our estimate of the force and effect of testimony. The Whig "protests against putting forward Mr. Thompson as a man who took a prominent part In the direction of tho secession movement Such wa not the case,'1 asscrta the Whig. Doubtless, the Whig thirties it is right on this point; but, possibly, the Whig may not possess full Information en the subject The soldiers of a defeated host can scarcely be presumed to know, any better than the victors, what credit is due to the several individuals by whose united efforts and counsels the result of the contest was controlled. They are likely, indeed, to know whose blows fell heaviest upon themselves, but that Is all. They do not know In what minds the plan of the battle was conceived, nor npon what brow the laurel should be placed. In gome matters, we admit, the Whig is excellent and unquestionable authority, and, in such mat ters, we shall always be ready to defer to it For instance, in regard to what was said, and done, and planned, and hoped, and feared, by and amongst the opponents of secession in Mis- eiairippt, twenr th State acceded, the Whig can speak by authority, for it was not only admitted to their councils, but it was, itself, one of the very chiefest of their counsellors y but the Whig, in those days, did not enjoy the freedom of our camp, and it is no discredit to it, therefore, that it is ignorant of matters which were excluded from the observation of "outsiders." We signed to Mr. Thompson a high position in the secession ranks, because we knew as, possibly. the Whiz does not know that he was entitled to that position, by his service in the secession cause. We do not care, just now, to furnish the enemies of our country with pretexts for further libels upon him. Suffice it to say, that, but for his efforts, coercion would have been at tempted as soon as South Carolina passed her ordinance of secession, and we should long ago hare been plunged into a general war. When the Whig speaks of Mr. Thompson as "clinging to his comfortable seat in th Cabinet," and "clinging with tho tenacity of a horse-leech to the flesh-pots at Washington," we can only suppose either that it was giving vent to an ebul lition of ill-nature, or that it designed to imply that the subject of those ungenerous remarks held on to his seat in the Cabinet in order that he might continue to draw the salary annexed thereto. Such an idea Is simply preposterous. Mr. Thompson would best have promoted his private interest by resigning, rather than by retaining his office ; for those interests hod long been suffering from his inability to bestow upon fthem bis personal attention. So long as Missis sippi remained in the Union, and so long as he believed that he could serve his State In that position, he was willing to sacrifice his private interests by remainingjn the Cabinet In that position, he was enabled to serve the South, and his State, as, probably, no other man In th country could have done. Hi services are known to, and appreciated by, the leading friends of secession throughout the South. He knew, of course, that he waa exposing himself to miscon struction ; but the man who, in 1851, was dragged down Jy Union blood-hounds as a se cessionist, and never begged for quarter ; who has been an open, earnest and life-long champi on of Southern and State Rights, can afford so to expose himself, for the public welfare. His friends, the people, will take good care that nei ther misconstruction nor misrepresentation shall do him any barm. , The Whig concludes its reply to us as follows: "We are all alike sons of the same proud com monwealth whatever affects the interests or honor of one, affecta aM When the State takes her position, aU minor tssuee and former divi sions are forgotten, and all stand around on common altar, for the defence of our proud old mother." Thi is all very well, on paper. ' It fa usual, however with those who "bury the hatchet," to refrain from tomahawking those with whom they propose to Hv In saiHy. NmrArxas. A child beginning to read bo- eoaaes delighted with newspapers, because ho reads of names amfthings which are very famil iar, and will make progress accordingly. A newspaper in ono year ia worth a quarter's schooling to a chad, and every farmer most con sider that substantial information ia connected with this advancement The another of a fami ly, having more immediate charge of the family, should herself bo instructed. A mind occupied becomes fortified against th ills of life, and is braced for th oinetgeocy. Children amused by reading or study, are of course considered more easy to manage. How many thought less young men hav spent their evenings in grog shops who ooght to have been reading. - Tarn Forra. The N. 0. Crescent propounds the following questions to Senator Rice' and thoe pertinacious but benighted individuals whd insist that th interest of Northern com merce require the retention of the ibrta at Key West tnd Tortugu : 1. tf "Northern commence" U not interrupt ed, what ia the use of keeping "possession of Kr West and Tortuga r t. If "Northern commerce" is destroyed, what benefit wilt Lincoln'a Abolition Govern ment deriv from th "possession of Key West and Torgngae 1" The Crescent sdds i - ' We beg to assure the Black Republican lead ers of the North, from Mr. Seward up to Mr. Lincoln down, that the people of the Confeder ate State In consequence of the absorbing love they bear the Abolitionista, have no desire to witness the destruction of "Northern com merce," although they have carefully and sys tematically provided the means for its utter an nihilation. Let one hostile gun- be fired upon our people from Forts Sumter and Pickens, from Ker West and Tortugas," or from any other point and in six months tho saila of Northern merchantmen will be wholly unknown to any sea under the canopy of heaven! If, after the happening of this event, Mr. Lincoln's Government desire to retain "posses sion of Key West and' Tortugas," or any other point including Washington, they will be per fectly welcome to do so if they can. Aft fluROR. The argument Is not un frequent ly used by young ladies now-a-dsy, when ad dressed by yo-jng gentlemen, that the present precarious condition of Stato and national af faire should wholly preclude the idea of mar rWtfra. Now this ia certainly an error than which none ia more grievous. If there over waa a time in the history of our nation when it waa peculiarly discreet and wis for a young lady te place herself under the protection of a faithful guardian, we think that time haa arriv ed. When our government is trembling from the effect of a mighty political earthquake, and even stout hearts quail, is It not meet that such weak, frail beings as tb gentler sex are should seek some strong arm for support f And then the kind sympathies and tender care of a noble, resolute, loving heart, eh I are they not pleasant even to contemplate t So. discard, at oncj young ladies, thi argu ment founded deeply m error, and at as early day as possible make suitable amends in the C remises, and set about repairing injuries and ealing wound naturally incident to thi unfor tunate mistake. Pamela Star. Now, Mr. Star, you'v put your Foots in it Who has been refusing you because you would not enlist f . BEKirrr or ADVEKTisrwn. It is often th case that men come into our office and ask for the papers published in some particular place, saying they would like to see somebody's adver tisement They sit down snd look papers over, and it is often the rase that they are unable to find the desired information. Not long since, say a Utica paper, a gentleman wa looking for the names and address of an Allany firm to which he desired to make a consignment but not finding it in th Albany papers, he made the remark that he would ship to a firm which did advertise, although not liking their reputation. This is one of many instances, which prove conclusively that business men should adver tise, if it is nothing more than their business cards. List of Letters ' REMAINING in the Post Office at Oxroaa, Missis sippi, from January 1st to April 1st, 1861i tr-Persone calling fur these letters will please say "AuviaTisau." One cent is due on each letter ad vertised: Adams, W. II. Armstrong, Jesse W, Adams, J. M. Lawrence, Saint CI. Lipaey, E. J. Lester, D. L. Mvfune, G. W. MeOcbee, A. Matthews, J. W. Matthews, D. M. Morgan, J. R. I Morgan, Robert McAlpin, R. B. McDonald, Wm. McEndry, Frank MoClure, Dr. J. B. MeColley, Barrieoa Miller, J. C. " MeCain, J. L. Melinea, W. O. Moagiu, B. F. MurreU, W. A. . Moore, Robert Mills, P. Morris, Mr. Catherine JeArthy, T. F. Naston, John Nerren, Mrs, Mary Neeley, E. J.' Owen, Erria Perry, Frank Paul, J. P. Fatten, D. Patterson, O. H. Paine, J. B. Paunora, Was. Prater, John Presby, L. A. Phelps, J. a Pullcn, George Powell, Mi A. Rogers, C. Z. . Reynolds, James Rayburn, W C Right, Chler Roggmburger, Mr. A Reynolds, Wm. , Bchuler, T Smith, Mia M. J Strickland, Bbudn Smith, Dr. B L Slack, J J. - Smith, L J Smith, HP Saaford. W L Sugg, Wm. Stokes, Warroo S Sanson, Jacob Smith, O M Stewart, J M ' Thomas, C C Terrell, JTu Jfary Twaage, Amos Treadway, Jaate ' Talbert, Joba Tarrant, Waa. - Tiadeu, J Jf Tamer, Beaafont Wilaoa, if Whits, Santa! Warren, Douglas Wright, HeaekaUi Wright, Jante H Wilaoa, Tboaaaa White, Harry F Watta, J W WaHeidd, Jaaaea IToodard, t K IPblhairaer, Thomas White, W 1 ITilaoB, it I Wiboa, Wm I WeoaWd, H a at J ITeUa, AH Webb, Saaaaal WUliaaa, II - tTUUaaaa, V L Williams, W C WOey, John Wright, Jaaaea W Toung. J. L. J. L. KIXDEL, P. if. 45-lw. Attaway, Miss Celine Alexander, O. M. Bowers, Alexander Burkliead, J. F. Boyle, Michael Bill, W. R. 1 Brougher, T. J. Blakeley, R. D. BeKtor, D. P. Braosaw, Mrs. Lettess Banks, C. U. Benson, Mrs. Luccta Bird, W. R. Barkadale, 8. L. Brady, James Brooks, Miss Lucrtha Buckin, W. P. Boegad, Henry Barnett, Mia V. J: Bens, Mona, Andrea Burk, Samuel P. Burk, Mr. Bettie Bingham, Charles Burwcll, W. B. Brace, Wm. Caldwell, Wa Clark, Mrs. A. B. Cable, M. J. Chandler, Geo. W. Clark, James P. Carter, rtullip Cheehue, John Clark, Wm. Caldwell, W. R. Clark, A Webb Clifford, G. B. CoUum, A. Carothcra, T. B. Caruth, Wm. Dabney, W. W. Daniel W. H. Denton, Miaa Bailie Kvane, Mrs. Mary B. gut in, Doctor W. . Forester, Was. . Fry, N. a Fraxier, Mr. Mary Gardner, H. J. Giarewry. Um Mary . Cranberry, Geo. C. Grose, John J. Gibson, A. H. Ganett, Hit T. Gavin, Richard , Holliday, G. It. Bodges, John N. Hendrick, K. 9. Hamilton, T. H. D. Barduv, J. B. Host, J. Hill, HarriH Headersoa, H. G. I Havwsod, K. X. Hoed, R. H. Hur Michael HolloweU, W. J. Harper, L.' Hutcben, F. G. Joy, Lafayette S Johnson, Mia Charity Jaatice, Booertana Johnston, Mr. Emily i Jonea, Dr. Wetdoa Jackson A Greet, Kaaght, Saaapaow Keaaedv. H. at . Kiai, Peyton T. Lea, With St t Lester, T. L Leatembee, it. A. Lawrence, X. C Leggett, T. G. Lesienberry, Mr. Jase L. Leckie, Samoel 1 Arwil 10, 1861. BTATEMENi! ' i or tbs coaomoa or van Lynchburg Hose and Fire INSURANCE COMPAM, On the let Day of January, 1831, anavde tat accordance with the Law f Ibe Stat or MbMlMlprpt. 1st Th aame ef mi Company is Th Lynchburg Hose aad Fire Insurance Company." and h loew tod at Lynchburg, Virginia. - - ' ' - A td. The amount of Capital gtouk ta 1100,004 00 Sd. The amount of Capital " paid ap $100,060 00 Ain't of Bonds for Stodt (9, (40 00 100,000 00 The Assets of the Company constat of 1st. Amount of Cash on band and ia th hand of Ageata, flM'O " td. Real Estate, none ; Id. Amount of Bond owned by the Com- - ' pany at above, t,40 00 4th. Amount of debt due Company, a- . . cured by mortgage on Reel Estate, 5 worth double the amount secured, 64, 100 00 6th. A moua at debta ataerwia eeO cured Bills, Notes, kc, . , eth. Amoant of debt for premimos f vl . part of the above, J 7Ul Aawoat of ether securities, via 1 - - par vaJae: market valao 1st Bonds of th city of . Lvnchburg, (35,800 00 $30,430 00 2d. Slock of th Cit Bank, Lynchburg, 1,000 00 ,S09 4X1 14. Mortgage Bunds of V. A T. Kail Kuau, 12,000 00 9,60 00 4th. Mertoage Bonds of 0i and Alex. Rail Road, J.8,000 00 30,000 00 tm. Mortgage Bonds of Ta. and Teun. Kail Road, . 10,000 00 17,000 00 eth, Bonds of Stato of Tena., 10,000 00 18,000 00 Been ri tie No. I, 4, t aad 6 are coupon bonds, $114,800 00 $8,m 00 Total, $323,784 00 3th. The amount of the liabilities of the Company to Banks and other cred'ra, $34,473 II 8th. The ain't of Losses adjusted and duo. nuue 8,108 88 none aon 7th. The amount of Lomm adjusted and not due, 8th. The amount of Loaae unadjusted, yth. The do. do. hi suvpeue, wailing proof, 10th. The amount of all other claim gainst tti Company, (unpaid divi- - deuda, Ae.) 8,000 19 Total, $44,382 88 We hereby certify, That th foregoing statement Is substantially true and correct to the beet of our knowledge and belief. J.NO. HOB1X Mi DANIEL, President C. T. WILLIS, K-cretary. Bran or Viaeisia, County of Campbell City of Lynchburg, to-wit ; The foreaolng statement was sworn to and tub scribed at the citv of Lvnchburg, Virginia, hy John Robin MvDanlel, President, and Creed T. Willis, Bee retery, of tho Lynchburg Hose and fire liwuranoe Company, before me, a Notary Public ia and for the county aforesaid, this the 24th dav ot January, 1861. H. V. BARKIS, N. P. (Seal.) tJTPolirics Unued bv C11AHLUH itOBEHTS, Afc-'t OXFORD, MISS. April 8, 1881. 44-3W. SHERIFFS SALE. VITnF.nF.AS, there waa committed to the Jail of V v Lafayette County, Miasiwuppi, on the 27th day of September, I8H1), as a ranawav alare, a negro man who eays hi name ia JIM, and that lie belong to John MvCarty, of Memphia, Tennessee; and the said John MuCrty having been written to, at Memphis, Tennessee, and said negro man JIM having been ad vertised in the "Oxford Mercury," a newspaper pub lished in the town of Oxford, for the time prescribed by law, and no owner appearing to claim said negro JIM, I, thcrefiire, in accordance with th Htalute of the State of M ianisiiippi, in such caaca made and pro. vided, will x-ll auid uegro boy JIM at public auction, at the Court-house in Oxford, on th 4lh day of May, 1861, to the highest bidder, for cash, for th purpose of paying Jail tees, ke. W. 8. McKEE, Sheriff, ke. April 1, 1881. 44-tda. Administrator's Notice. LETTERS of Administration upon the estate of Ezekicl E. Oordnn, deceased, having beea grant' d to tlie undersigned by the Probate Court of Lafa yette County, Uiasimippi, at th last March Term, all person! indebted to said estate are hereby required te aaak payment to me ; and all persona having claims against said estate are notified to present them to me, duly authenticated, within 111 line prescribed by law, or the same will be barred. SAMUEL KJBKWOOD, Adm'r. April t, 1881. 44-w. Administrator's Notice. LETTERS of Administration npon ths estate of Samuel Leeton, deceased, having been granted to the sradsrajfrned by the Probate Court of Lafayette County, Mississippi, at tb last March Term, all per sons indebted to said estate are hereby required to make payment to me; and all persona bavins claim frainst said estate era notified to present them te as, duly authenticated, within th time pi eseiirw d by law. or tb aame will be barred. J. M. COOK, Adm'r. -apru a, isei. Sheriffs Sale. . H. CaiLAaaal Ft. FA. from the Circuit Cowrt r. vs. f of Lafevett Coawtv. ( ; D. B. Aixm f I)Y V1KTCX ef th. above saw- and R. C Alls. J J eafied writ te asa direotod, I will sell, for cash, at th Court boose ia Oxford en Monday, the lid dav of April next, bha fuuowinwda. scribed Tract of Land, to wit: All of the (tonUi-east Quarter of Section number Twenty (20), Township number Eight (8 Range somber Two (2) West, of the basis Meridian of the CMckaaww Cession except Tea acres-situated in th North-west corner of said Tract of Land. Also, er- eept the privilege of a Mill-raoe ranning through said Tract of load, and also except on acre of land on aid Tract, ased a a awrying grown. The balance of said ejaartev of land having bean levies oa a tb property of DoA-adaat, D. B. Allen, aad will be sold to satisfy plaintiff demand snd sll ents. W. 8. McKEE, Sheriff ' area rr, iei. Sheriffs Sale. ' WiMlUi I CaaaLK Toma 1 ) L f vs. of Li Wilst Cniuwasa, f 1)1 aad & & Wo, j J3 FA. frsa tb ClrcaK CWt Latairta t'oan. X V1KTLC ef th above peafisd writ ts ate dlrssa. ed, I will sea for cash, a tb Court-boss door in Oxford, on the Fourth Monday in April, 1861, lb fah lowing described Tract of Land, to-wit 1 The Soath-west Quarter and tba West half of tha eVmth-east quarter of Section number Thirl T-one ( J 1 ), Township number Six (6). Also, a small fraction ir Township umber Seven (7V that wsa porchaaed by Mitcheil Childress from L. 8. Haraaon. ' AH the abovo tend lie ia Ramr Few ef the bsjat Meridian ef tb ChirAawaw Cession. Raid and hav been levied on as ths aaupeuv f defendant, CfeH draaa, sad will be suM te satisfy plaintiff daman' d all sorts. t. W. bv MckiK, rWiC ! Xarcb 7, 1B61. . nor FOR TIIE SOUTII I THE suhsrriber is now ia receipt ef his ftptllif and humrnrr Mex-k wf DrT f.da. Ladies'-Dress Goods, BOOTS, H1IOKH, IIA.T83. CLOTJIING, Ac, At, -, tsleetsd hf himself, IX XBW 0RLEAX9. wits mmck care ; te wki.-h ac hivHes the atteaboa ef hie friend and tb pwbas) in general. TH OS. W WE del, ; Otferd, Jfsraa t 41-4. Fine Residence for Sale, IDKSIRK TO FELL my rwridewce ewe ef the swart dVsiralJe ia the tows of Oxford, ml a fair wore. either for casta or on a long time a the rmrc-Hesee aw wish. THOS. X. WES PEL Orfnri, AW JO, j!, 4J-4w, .