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The Oxford intelligencer. (Oxford, Miss.) 1860-18??, May 15, 1861, Image 1

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HOWARD FALCONER,
The Southern Confederacy.
' EDITOR & PROPRIETOR:
Volume i.
OXFORD, MJSS., WEDNESDAY, MAY 15, 1861.
NUMBER i50
THE INTELLIGENCER,
Ii Published Every Wednesday Honing
Y
oxford, Mississippi:
rT Subscription price $i; mimr is auvakce.
No subscription will be entered without (lie CASH.
OFFICE In the Masonic. Building, Up stairs, south
id of t lie Public eqtuu-e.
KATES OF AD VERTISIXCi.
Umu ua on kuk.
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Three-fourths column..
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. A 1 veniseiuent limy be renewed lit anrtiuic b v nv
-n fur composition, (1 per thousand cum.
Displayed advertisement charged tor the space oc
eanic.). ,
Leaded notices charged IS cent a line.
-tT Article of a personal character only admitted
at tlie option of the Proprietor, and charged 0 cent
a line.
The pay for yearly and Ualf yearly advertiae
nienta uu quarterly, and those inserte d for lost than
three montha, the pay due when the advertisement in
nt.
Transient advertisement payahl In advance.
Announcing C'andidatva.for City otlicen.... i SO
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" " Dii-trictaiid Statu.. 10 00
to be paid invariably tn advance.
Written for the Oxford JnUUimnerr,
MOIUE T0JIMMIE.
T HATTIC HART, LKXIXUrOX, MICK.
'TU nnt thy priceless gcuia, 'tin not tliy wealthy por
tion, Tie not thr niltid'i pure wealth, but 'tis thr heart's
devotion,
Thut biuda my soul to thine;
Yen, tliy true heart' affection, thy many virtue
rare, .
Are a shelter of protec'.ion fur the iiinoveut and
fair
Who kneel at virtue' shrine.
Thy strong arm will shield me front vanity's pride,
When other friends liercavo ine, ami every action
chide,
On life' delusive way;
Those false friend inuy spurn me, scorn mine ul
tcred lot,
Thy loud way will lem U uic thut love dwells hi a
tot,
Aa pure and bright oh day.
If I could lie content with fiicmlship anil esteem,
I would not ask thy love, which is the brightest Ileum
That can illume me here;
lli-hiw that holy lain!, tlmt pcrli-ct reiilm of litis,
Win-re a sweet, micelle baud will frect thee with a
kiss,
Aud quench thy saddening tenr.
Hut, oh! thy country' culling for iisi-ii-tunee from
the brave,
And my fond hopes lire falling, and resting In the
grove,
To htU1i and detny.
Oh! llirn, forgot me not when victor' thy rewaril;
Think of the lonely cH, of in poor hcait's broken
conl,
When 1 have pushed away.
THE SOUTHERN FLAG.
ripiir bravely on, ye gallant bund,
Ye who our rights inuintaiii,
Tho cause it is a gloiious one
Yc will not tight in vain.
No longer to the North appeal
llettcr lour rights sustain
Willi musket and with pointed steel
Then ark them not ugaiih
The "Stum and Htrlpos" were once our bonst t
Its folds our clearest piide;
'jut lilicrty and luht are l"t
Then lay that Hag aside:
And let iion the lofty domes
Six-rsiiu.N' Uankh wave
We will protect our Southern h
'Tu them we'd tlie to save.
MASONIO.
Amidst the ruins of three thousand yeans
I liliurt, unchanged, Freemasonry lipjiear;
Her lowers and monuments may fade away.
Her Truth and Social Love nhiill ne'er demy:
These she with care extends to distant lands,
'Cross froicn nen o'er wild and barren sand.;
Her actions tending to the one great plan
To teach mankind what man should be to man.
Or PKnsrECT or Stabvisii. Many of the
Western ricri! arc jubilant over the stopping
.if the shipment of provisions and things South
ward, Having that they can starve us out ror
the benefit of tho Cincinnati Commercial, and
all other pawrs of its class we beg to state that
t.ur crop of garden vegetables were never finer
. 1 ...... X- I.-. 1. . .,ln Iru.a
than llicv arc at tins lime. ic
..i .. .r.,1 ill ! abundant ill a few days.
The wheat crop will be ready for the harvest in
about a month and the corn will be fit to grind
t. .i.- r n.'r 1..1- Attn- lhat Comes the
rronof Fweet potatoi's and black -eyed peas
The latter crop makes a harder and firmer mrk
than corn. We also have the "Gouba pea"
i... .1.. r.vim Stales as "pea nuts
RIIVHII III , .
which grows best and very abundantly on the
ioorct Und, and makes the finest of jvork, far
superior to the still slop article from the whis
key mills of Ohio: . , , r j.
Our fruit crop is abundant, and now bids fair
to be of the best quality, The peach trees arc
full and the fruit lodka fine. Peaches scarcely
ever fail in our climate, and the fig crop never
'"Marlon and bis men lived on sweet i-itatrtcs
while fighting the British,, and if the necessity
Irise, w. think our people will do the amino,
ihough we have no foars of being brought to it.
jurs is A land of varied products, and it only
require a little attention and lalior to produce
n abundance Co'i'ihCoHHtfrirt:
iJhasces or BF.ISO Killed is
fixe, a high authority m such things was in
the habit of saving that to kill a man in tattle,
he man's weight in lead ntust be expended: A
V'rench Medic,l and SurgieaJ C,.rUe, V . M
at Lvon, ay this fact was verified at
cv. with the recent great improvement in hrc
aruis. The Austrian fired eight fnillwn four
hundred thousand ronnds. The U . the
French and Italian was two thousand killed atnl
ten thousand wounded. Karh man bit cost jev.
en hundred rfuuds, an.1 every man killed cost
.. .u...i.i t. l.imdrcd rounds: T he mean
lour invo!-n' " . . .I...
i-:u r tft.ll. i. ounce I tllllS.
It is required, on an average, two liunnrr.. -
, i
sevenly-two jvmin.l b. lead w YVmiiitarv
any of our Inenils slioi M f ;
fight, tnry'hmrVWl., tt them
, .i "I"..;. .,if,.,ll,,ul two bun
neiore invy . - . . i . :i
drr-d before they "shuffle ofT the mortd co.l.
iljovmilh Journal.
A Rich Joke. In the midst of the excite-1
vc.l,;n tuvi Ihe New Orleans :
,,(.,, ft -- ft- . . . ; C,1T1llrr
lEulletin, irlativa to the fall tlt "",' ,. j-'
quite an excitement was oecanneu -
Hotel in the morning, ny uir r".n.c r
pretended to a Uispsu n irom .r i . having good-naf urc-dly helped
bras Light" announcing that tie -,.d another in a diuicult cvphcring lesson, was n-
Statcs fleet from Charleston had 1" i,,, bv the Dominie. "Why did
tm.l.-r full sail an a trero.-i.dn.i-. head fit lem. P1'? ' , . , , ,.To ,, ,,is .ork,
bonnd Srth anil hotly pur-,,! by the C bancs-, ) on -rk l.r I
b-n f h-atirg I!jitt-ry. j 1
,
A TWILIGHT WOOIN&i -
It's an aw ful thing to lone a friend by mar
riage! To nee liiin drop into your room occa
sionally, always w ith a paper parcel under his
arm, suggestive of lace and ribbons, instead of
having him all to yourself, day in and day out
To know that the blue-breathed evening cigar
will inevitably be abbreviated by " Oh, my wife
will be anxious if Pin not home by eight
o'clock." To tell him about the pretty gill
with tho pink bonurt that you met in the" stage
yesterday, and be generally confidential, and
then And your tongue suddenly palsied by the
conviction that lie will tell hi w ife everr'word
you hare been saying. There's no use talking
about the thing it'a. actually indescribable.
Do you suppose I didn't feel jealous: when
Jack Marclyn"e got married ? Do you suppose
the green-eyed monster didn't inspire me w ith
all sorts of nnauiiuble feelings toward the little
brown-cyed beauty who had cut inc. out so com
pletely f It took some time to reconcile mo to
the new state of thing. Hut when I found out
that she didn't objcot to my sitting on the bal
cony and smoking with Jack nay, that she
actually lighted our cigars for ns, and then
brought her little fool-stool and sat down beside
us that she laughed like a peal of merry bells
at my bachelor cl unices and mishaps and that
she liked to have me conio to dinner Sundays,
then I thought Jack's w ile w asn't so lial an 'in
stitution after all. And one day, when she
brought out her tiny wicker work-basket, and
stood on tip-toe to sew the loose button upon
my coat, I capitulated in good earnest.
"Jack," said I, "your wife is well not ex
actly tin angel, for I don't believe in angels
about tho hoiiso but the sweetest little woman
I ever set my eves upon. You won't bo jeal
ous, old fellow ?'" .
"Jcnliius no!" said Jack, stretching his
neck go as to look after the light, disappearing
figure. ' Hut I'll tell you what, Arthur you
ought to sec Mary's sister."
Sure enough, about two wrfcks afterward, ns 1
came in ut (lie HWcct-briar-shailowcd gate, mid
paused to look at the crimson clove-pinks just
opening their fringed petals, the silver tones of
another voice sounded in the lmv-eitveil pia..a,
and almost before lknew.it, Juck MarclvH'c's
arm was through mine, and he w as introducyi!;
me to a duplicate edition of his w ife a scarlet
lipped, arch-eyed girl in while muslin, with a
oral bracelet on her ami;
From Shft moment I was gone T didn't
know whether I snt in Jack's velvet easy chair,
or on the top rail of the fence I said " Xo, I
thank you," when Mrs. Jack asked mo how I
was 1 stirred my cup of chocolate w ill. a pen
knife, nml died to put the table-cloth into my
pocket, instead of a handkerchief und finally
disgraced myself irrevocably by putting the
nmtch-box into the cradio und depositing the
baby on the marble tunntel-pice!
"(!ond gracious, Mr. Arden ! " exclaimed Mrs.
Marctylfe, " what is the mutter?"
"I believe I think I've got a cold in. my
head!" faltered I, looking all the time straight
nt Agnes, who was playing nilh her coral
bracelet, and pretending not to laugh.
".lack." said I, that evening, ns he went out
to (lie gale with ine, "there's no use trying to
mince matters if 1 can't win Miss Agnes I shall
t.,V.. ,.,.,, i,. i"
.lack sciuec.cil tnv hand: he
had "been I
I
through the mill " himself.
"Im you think she cares fi:- me, .lack " I
asked, pl.iinlivclyi about a month iiP.crwanl.
"I declare, honestly, I've the greatest mind in
the world to jump o!!' the pier, or In hang my
self, peaceably. Now what does she mean ly
flirting with that leil-w hiskered t'lirew? Oh,
Jack, do be merciful tell me what vou renllv
think"
Poor Marclyrie! it was about tho thirtieth
time he had been asked the same ijiustion.
"Why, how can 1 tell. Arthur!1 You might
as wtil ask me to read tho Hindoo alphabet us
to decipher the mystei ies of a woman's heart.
Why don't you nsk her yourself"
" Me ask her! " and the cold chills ran through
me like veins of ice; "Jack, 1 dare not, for Inv
life!"
Jack burst into a laugh.
'' Well. I can't give any belter advice,1 paid
he, "onlv remember, niv bov, 'faint heart never i
won Tair lady.
He turned away, and left me standing in the
amber Hush of the twilight, among the crimson
clusters of cinnamon roses, and the tall coronals
of gleaming lilies. lTp in tho rosy sky the new
I moon hung, a curved thread of silver, and one
bright star bore its lance or pearl against the
radiant horizon. I looked absently up at the
fair atmosphere down at the blossoming gar- I
den of flowers, thinking in the midst of my per
plexity, how like the bine heaven was to Agnes
eves, and marvelling that the pink roses were
so near akin to the dainty color that came and
W ent npml lier silk-soft cheek.
lieside the low French w indow that opened
upon Hie piazn floor. I saw the flow of muslin
drapery through the fragrant glonni it was
where Mrs: Marclyll'e was wont to sit with her
baby. I caught the refrain of the low, delicious
cradle aong she warbled in the linv sleeper's
. . . i . - . i . ... i. ' i ,1
ear. A iirigm inougni sirr.es. me i wouni
taKe woman's wit into my counsel,
"Mary." said I, sitting down On the piazza
Utrn. and leaning my head against the rose-
'wreathed pillar just opposite the window, "I
; ,vjsh you'd tell me what to do I in desperately
j j,, love with your sister Agnes, and don't
laugh now 1 haven't the courage to tell her
so." . , , .
I paused an instant, and Iheh went on : "I
love her better than life. No thut is not say
ing enough I would die to make her happy.
Oh Mary! can't you give me a word of encour
agement I dare not tell her my love, because
inv heart sinks so in dread from the one little
,vor,l No! Will she speak it, do you think?"
There was no answer still.
Mary, will she break thy heart ?"
I spoke with trembling accents, fresh frcrr.
the deepest recesses of my soul the very air
seemed to sob around me as I ceased. One iu-
stant of silence, in the soft, pulsing fragrance j cd, aud fingers interlaced, evidently in the atti- j jo person w ho has never left America can ap
of the midsummer twilight, and then there was tude of prayer. 1 tn-rdiate the sensation of living among the most
a fluttering of light azure rolies, the fall of a
fairy fonb-tep. Ere I could look up, a nfi white
arm. lrlcaming with the clisn of a blood-red
coral bracelet, was around inv iicck a snowcr
of brown curls nestled on mv breast!
"She w ill not she never w ill:"
The voice was that of Agnes Day; I held the
cov, coquettish trembler to my heart!
I.ife has been brimniinsr with sweets ever
since many a golden moment has paused to
sprinkle its chance ol joy ariiunu my iioisieps,
as it passed into the worid of the bygone; but,
in all my existence, there never came a second
time like that
t had been jileadin- to Agnes herself; and
Marv stood smiling in Ihe background, the
j ,,it ni.'TL. f jo, ons tears.
veriest spice ol roguery gleaming in ncr nazci
I ' "fo I'm reallr to have a bi-other-in-law!"
! 1C j.L putting aside the roses and coming for-
1 ward just as the wicket fastening clicked under
Macks lian.l,an.i me ncry sparK oi .us cigar
i tlowed throurli the purple clcaming, blown
I travelling up the garden walk.
I " Hallo!" said he, jiauslng abruptly as Agnes
: tneu vauilv io escape inuii mj oewniiiiij; i
'Oh, I s-c now! "ft upon my word!
' IW " " ...n..i - - .-
j Ijecn remarkably expeditious! Accept of my
I r... :!. ftt t...lftr,,l ft-,i,f ft-y.nlli.mnn von re
cdniatulations, Aggie ditto, Arthur.
From tit &omtlur FUU mni Urtritlf,
THE WEECK.
BIT AtiHOXTEXlsM.
1 was standing, musing, upon the dock of a
splendid steamer. The Lord of Day was just
sinking from the view of the children of men.
whilst its ray were reflected upon the clouds of
HUB Ul
bent projected tip from the dark waters spars j
leaned forward into the river, around which the
water played in dimpled eddies ( near floated a
L.J c-Miov-n, U'Wiru m
i . .. ..
once been a handsome cabin. What a tale of
sorrow could those di.sligured timbers tell, if
they could only speak ; of an hour w hen night
hail thrown her sable mantle on earth w hen
the queen of brightness had paled, and hid her
golden face behind a dark cloud, as if ominous
of approaching evil: still, moid that darkness.
upon, the bosom of that mighty river, ploughed
it ol...... .. ' ........ t l ..I-. i... .
.... from her rrcw whilst ber cabin nresent.,1
one scene of gaiety and brilliance. Persian car
pels rendered noiseless the foot fall. The walls
atid fisMiiture were of the most elaborate work
manship; amid the company rich silks rustled,
and diamond flashed soft, voluptuous music
sw elled forth, to which fairy -like footsteps kept
time; bright chandeliers shed a soil light o'er
the dar..liiig scene. Iteaiity smiled, and haugh
tiness bent the knee at her shrine. Itut hark !
that cry of fire, which sends terror to the heart!
The In. :i' red flumes, twine their tongues like
llery seipcnts, aruond the railing, through every
crevice. Tho scene is changed shrieks the
most appalling, rend tho midnight air such
rushing, such rties of human agonv; mothers
culling for their children, wives clinging in an-
guisli to their husbands; the lover makes a des-
pernio effort for the safety of her he loves;
some throw themselves into the waves in the
vain hope or sw iuiming to shore; otherOn de
spair, rem'ii.i upon the boat. Pruvers for mer-
cvnrelmnicto Heaven upon the hut breath of
night ; ii.nv ami then a lorui would raise itsell i
up from the surface with such a tuu(e-agoni.ing
face, then sink to rise no more. Kyery prayer,
every hope is directed to Out who has said, "I
utn Alpha and Omega, the beginning anil the
end." There is a mighty rushing of waters,
then a heave, a plunge, and a few fragments,
burnt and scilrred, uro all that is left to tell of
the drama of pleasure and fear which has been
emu'tud upon the bosom of the deep, (irief,
perhaps to last through life, has entered Hie
hearts of tho friends of drowned ones; still,
they nrc comforted with the thought that the
souls of their Christian friends are not buried
hencnth the ruins of that wreck, but that they
would meet upon the stream of eternal life,
never to have their pure pleasure wrecked
more. I'ut it is not the case with those w ho
have no hope for their friends. Well might
they weep for the wrecked body und soul,
wrecked to nil eternity, lliiw sad to see man
( lull's own image, with high hopes, who buoy
antly trends the wnv of existence, who possesses
both mental and physical vigor, launch forth
upon the voyage of life, loving and beloved-
then nguin behold him with bis fond aspirations,
his ilnudhvs hopes, blasted his morals wreck
ed upon the rock of dissipation, or sunk be
neath the dashing waves of infamy and disgrace
both more to be shunned than the rock Scylhi
or tho whirlpool Chnryhdis.
Tho Battle-field.
In one or the great battles on the continent,
liming the Napoleonic era, a young en.-ign
paused to contemplate the body of a drummer
who hail just been killed by a cannon ball
which smashed his skull nml scattered liis
brains. The colonel of tho regiment aeco.ded
liiin stcrnlv,
..r....;.1 ;.v'!
and said,
"Afraid!
1 hope you are not
replied the ensign,
coolly, "Oh. no, colonel; but I was thinking
what a wonder it was that nnv man with brains i 1
like this poor fellow, could he found here. I lie
reply was a bitter atirc on tho folly of war.
llnt we loso sight of the absurdity of fighting
in its horrors. F.vcn Napoleon could not ride
over a Held of battle, after tho excitement had
passed awav, without shedding tears of distrc:
What a picture was that given by the London
Morning Herald of the field of Inkerman im
nieilintclv nfter the combat 1 "Manv faces still
seemed to smile ; othirs had a threatening look
soine bodies had a funeral fxte, as though laid
out by friendly hands ; others still knelt upon
the ground, convulsively grasping their w enjion,
and biting their cartridges. Many had their
arms raised as if endeavoring to w aid off a blow,
or ns if desiring to oiler a last prayer. All their
faces were pale, and the fierce-blowing wind
scen.edto animate their dead bodies; one would
have said that these long lines of the dead were
about to rise to rc-counncncc the struggle. . M.
Houdiu writes the same thing of the appear
ance of many of the Russian after the battle
of the Alma: "Some seemed still writhing in
the agonies of despair and death, but the most
wore a look of calm and pious resignation.
Some appeared to have words floating on their
lips; and a smile as in a sort of high beatitude.
One was particularly observed, his knees licnt,
his hands raised and joined, his head thrown
back, murmuring his supreme prayer." At
Magenta, again, many dead bodies, as wo arc
informed by surgeon Major Armand, of the army
of Italy, maintained the attitude they had when
struck, passing instantaneously hum life to
death, w Uhout agony or convulsion. A Zouave,
struck point blank in the chest, sfill held his
bayonet in the position of the charire, with the
menacing aspect of a dead lion. His majesty,
the Emperor, is said to have remarked a similar
cnc st Palcstro: Near to the Zouave was an
Austrian, dead from hemorrhage. His face
and eves were turned to heaven, his hands join-
A L-essos. "Abraham, sonny, stand up
tra:"ht ami rcsil ilistinctlt and loud a lesson
iroin in-.s noon cauen ine -neciaiaiion oi lnue-
i pendenev." Abraham readst
"That governments are instituted among men.
j deriving their just 'towers from the consent of
j the governed; that whenever any form of pov-
i eminent becomes destructive of these ends it is
; the right of the people to alter or abolish it and
, io insuiuie a new government, laying us lounu-
j ation on such principles and organizing its pow-
i crs in such forms as to them shall seem most
j likely to clU'ct their safety and happiness."
j There. Abraham, now put up that nsnghty
j sword and stay at home, and be a good boy, or
j uu ui.y gvi aw iiuiy smueu.
To fun Lames-A New Wat to Make trvr.
i On Saturday last at the Court-house in this
j 0!ty, I notii-ed several ladies engaged in scraping
lint with knives : it aiineared to be a verr tedi
0s business.
After working awav for some
: time, trying. different kinds of knives Miss
. McKcy, one of the party, suggested tearing up
me linen uiio nnc pieces anu men caruiug u.
. Thcv nil agreed to her proposition, so she bad
M..l.. 1........1.. ....1 : lnl.a 4 1...
i-illl. nnn mini .lil.liu ll 'iw'i t"i"i ,i.v .vi i
I idea. It was not long In-fore they had a large
box of i.ice, fine carded lint. 1 would recom -
mend all persons who arc engaged In scraping
lint, te try Miss McKcy's plan of carding
MM!c (icorgian.
mi
Who is the first woman mentioned in the
Ftible ? Jenny Sisi
..i, , " ,,i . , t ... i .,rn I ann nionars. i ne meaning oi iiicse leruis was i "! iii.u b"-"-ci
linson, ,M.rple and gold, forming shades of the HiaU h nIuf of orJnance. est calamity that can befall any people has fall-
most fantas Ue lauty he balmy air of even- . he AnstCg gun, with it range of five 1 on us, in the shape of war V
mg w as gathering, aud all nature contributed to , , -, " F :n , V." , - (
Sta-trL10 rr''"Tl;ug :r u,r i 'Xzrisz u-t 0, inv0k.
t .i 1 11 .1. li '? r.H., in Virginia, carrying a four hundred pound the sacred names of the Union and the C'onsti
a sad sight It was; blackened and charred tun- . . , , ... .,! ! suntmrt of the nnholv war which It ha keirun.
An Item on Guns.
AVe quote from a report of a lecture lately de
livered by Capt Mansfield I-ovell in New York :
The speaker proceeded to illustrate the vari
ous kind of artillery embraced in the term
"heavy ordnance," dividing them into four di-
tinct classes, viz: "guns, howitzers columbiads
, . ,. rr-1 r . 1 .
the cHkicncy and destructive
pow er of heavy ordnance.
The term e-uii is ccnerallr annlied to a cannon
) ,. . , . . . .. I.. 1. .
. i! row mi? soiiu sum. iioni si& iu enrol ifuuiiiin ill
weight ; cnliimiuailH are guns used tn throw
shell, and are of eight, ten and twelve inch bore ;
howitzers are shorter iicces of ordnance; used
oftener f ir throning grape .shot and other mis
siles. It is also a very etfective piece of arma
ment Hut the most valuable ordnance is the
mortar, ltcing the shortest, it Is generally poised
at an angle of fortr-tive degrees, and thus thrnw-
j j,.
l,l!s iii il. uu hercur the shell falls
" vl:rJ' .'K0tlve.
At the siege" of Montcrcr. the American nrmv
took refuge In the plaza, and (len. Taylor caused
t
a mortar, throwing fifty pound shells, to lie 1 aim meir determination ine dictate oi ca
jilneed on a 1 1 all. The slaughter among the Mex- ' price what then J Does it belong to the theory
leans was immense, the American only losing I of "r (inverninent U make war upon these dis-twentv-slx
men, thus testifying to the efficiency I contented and disconnected people, and by force
of the mortar. Another instance the lecturer of arms and superior numbers, tn scourge them
cited was the taking of Vera Crur. On the 2d j back into bonds they loathe and detest Such
of March, 117, fourteen mortars constantly ! course w ould bo the height of absurdity,
plaveu upon the city, pouring shots into the
houses, thereby inducing a surrender. The Dut is there no allowance to be made for dis
stonc mortar is uwd for throwing stone, and j content and dissatisfaction f In such a case,
rhcfkiniran iittuckitni column at short distances. 1 nne but a tyrant sends armies to butcher and
! These mortars are generally of eight or ten inch
I ... c "
CHlinre.
Tho major portion of our furls are mounted
with thirty-two and forty-two pounders. The
former weigh about 85liu'ponitds and the latter
72lil ; and fire a distance of r.'nu yards, at an
elevation nr rorty-livc degrees, or a little over
cue inilo. Iliulit and ten inch coliuubiails at an
elevation of live degrees, throw a hall a distance
,
at lilteeu degrees, two miles,
using fifteen pounds of pow der, and can bf
made, w ith an additional charge of ponder, to
carry a ball two and a half miles. There are at
present only two twelve inch mlunihiuds in this
country, w hich are capable of throw ing shot, nt
an angle of thirty-live degree, three niilc, with
a charge of powder of from tw enty-five to twenty-eight
pounds.
A Worl about Proverbs.
Kvery language has its proverbs, grave or
gay, broad or reli ncd, according to the charac
teristics of the people; even dialects that have
never been hammered out into dictionaries or
pruned into grammars, preserve in set phrases
the results of reflection und experience, and con
dense their observation into proverb:",! The
lir.-t book that was evor written, as far as we
know, contains examples of them, and the lust
novel, lying uncut on our library tables, is al
most sure to btt garnished w ith llieiu. A pTr
tion of Soriptuio lore is devoted to them alto
gether. And they have, on the other hand, been
instruments of evil, presenting in a specious and
convincing form, arguments ii:t opposed to
truth mid morality. Still, to give them their
due, we IkHcvc that by far the larger portion
of them contain lessons of wisd.nu and good
sense, and that the few which have been coined
in the cause of folly and falsehood lire decidedly
exceptional. It is curious to observe how great
ly the proverbs of a nation are niodilied and
toned by its prevailing characteristics. Thus,
great numbers of the Spanish proverbs breathe
a kind of luxurious laziness such, for instance,
as " f.'m'Ht) e mturf ni i tnhrttcrito Ii'rr"
(After eating, don't read even a superscription,)
a saving which seeks to dissuade our curiosity
from lvadiii'' even the address of a letter, should
J it he presented after dinner ; and there are more
Snanish saws iui this one subject than on any
other; carefully guarding the rights and privt-
of indolence, they fence in the sacredness
i of
the titrl't with an nrmv of time-honored
; phrases. A recent writer on Spain and its in-
habitants calculates that for one of these faniil-
I iar sayings w hich urges to exertion and activity,
tw etit'v-two niav be found pleading the cause of
pleading the cause or
hizine.-s and rest To us the proverbs of France
are much more familiar, and surely from these
alone a good idea of the language and its spe,V
ers miiit oe iiieaneu : iiumu-s ui w ii, uo-tiui oi
n . n . . - . . !
: 1., i, . i i . f i i..... ..r : .
humor and gaiety, easiness of principle and
readiness ol speech, characterize a large propor
tion of these. Kven in tho divisions of Great
l'.i iluiii it is not dilficult to truce a connection
between the familiar sayings of the people and
their ordinary standard of morality and prevail
ing tone of thought ; a certain hard, shrewd
worldlincss marks Yorkshire and north country
sayings, and the more objectionable and unprin
cipled proverbs arc most in vogue in great tow ns
and cities.
Healthy Women.
The women vt Fayal arc not considered re
markable for beauty ; but in the villages of Pico
one sees in the doorways of hovels complexions
like rose-petals, and such as one attributes to
Fvangelinc ?-t i't. shy, and innocent Dut the
figure is the chief w onder tlie figure of woman
as she was meant to be, beautiful In superb rig
or not diseased or tottering, as with us, but
erect, and strong, and stately ; every muscle
fresh and alive, from the crown of tho steady-
head to the sole of the emancipated foot, and
. , - . . , j ios ine i A lift.- iieiftftTj- ffii-ft. ,.n.--i..i.
yet not heavy and clumsy, as one fancies bare- wtwkf j WCTe lc,toI. tXnn that dead tor
footed women must be. but Inheriting symmetry of ,he ,lMrt v.rilr , ,nTe ,nJ , tatM
anil grace iroin ine . uriugucsc o. -ftiiftini.-ii ui'.
I have looked through the crow ded hulls of Sar
atoga In vain for one such figure as 1 have again
and again seen descending those steep mountain
tiaths With a bundle of firewood on the UcaoL
or ascending them w ith a basket of farm-manure.
! healthy women ; often, as I heard of this, I was ,
' n..rlr nonrcnsrcl for the realization : I never
1 . .'i :.,. -..:... i r ;i r... . .;,,i
' j,,. . ., lictv I rmrhnl home mil crosseil
it''t.'..r. CoM.mon on June Similar: 1 felt as if!
I were in a hospital for consumptives. supposed plan by which the fleet would attempt
This condition or health cannot be attributed , to re-in force Sumter. The night was very dark,
to any mere advantaee of climate. The higher j with a drizzling rain, which seemed to favor
classes of Faval are" feeble and sickly, their j such a project About twelve o'clock, CoL La
; l,!id tlier take no exercise, ind suffer the I tnar'a sentinel gave the alarm that a boat was
t consequence ; they have all the ills lo which
J yj, j, njP including one specially Portuguese
j complaint, known by the odd complaint of dor
j j r4,ttrth, elbow disease, which corresponds to
,lat known to Anglo-Saxons by an equallr
j jjj prmloi, as the green eved monster, Jeal-
ousr. 5o the pnvsical mipenoniy oi i tie peas-: en mtwuo i muic mii, . ft... ...........
antry seems to come solelv from their mode ofiof Capt. Xohrdcn'a battery called out. with
lifc-loutdoor life, simple diet and bare feet j stentorian voice to clear the beach, and almost
Change these, ami their health goes-; doni-stic ! immediately fired one of the Colurabiails. CoL
service in foreign families on the ishn always j Lamar immediately countermanded the order
makes them i.L and olten destroys their Health
. - . " . .t .
and bloom forever; and, strange to sav, that
which most nauseates and deranges tlicir whole
physical condition, in such cases, is the nccessi-
iy ol wearing snoes anu wocKings,
: r1.. Ci-cncvainw . llisACiilrmr I 9tnnrill
i ft. ...i.r.,. e. f , .-i 1 ,
! of the Georgetown (Ky.) Colleg. gives notice,
. through the Georgetown Journal, t.iat the Mo-
dents have become so excited by passing events
! as to be entirely disqualified for study and good
' order, ami llist the Trustees of the College
have deemed it best to dismiss them to their
, homes where thry will be under the influence
, of their parents;
Support the President? Never!
If there art any persons among our readers
still willing to stand by the Black Republican
Administration, in its fratricidal war, let them
rcMj ti.. r,ii. .Hid. f,, n, v.- Ym-V
j
V
1 ft. I to u.u. ...-Hi. ..... ! T'l, n ..4
J The Administration j now proceeding to carry
1 " 'he horrible threats of Helper and his en
' ! ..ri.rd 1 lia IF,t.nl,li..n ...rlftr id mI m.1 i ftW
" "w . . v. , .rv-
hii'iiiizcd, and, if anytliinir. we would prefer
(iarrison or Philips, as more honest and more
humane than Abraham Lincoln. Putting out of
view the long years of agitation and aggression
provoked by Abolitionism, aud the existence of
a sectional party that proclaimed its intention
to disregard the equality of the States as guar
anteed by the Constitution and determination of
the iJlllii'Mi- -"" - M'tr.t ium.
. S a'i-w.iw fcw . j
sible case for the South. Suppose that the sev
en States w hich have resolved to secede, did so
ithout cause ; t'mt their discontent was ground-
j destroy the population of a country that rises
i... l!...i. i .1 ...
i an incnoiiin oas mini, in nr aiicrw mu itahui-
I hieiL negotiations entered into and a peaceful
j solution attempted. Commissioners: were sent
j both to Presidents Iluehamin and Lincoln from
j the Confederate States, and efforts made to avoid
the drcmlful issue now accepted bv the present
Administration. What obligation is there that
any good citizen or true man should give en
couragement to this unjust, unprovoked and mi
nions war? riie'nihiiinistratioii bewail the war.
! ilini the Confederate States are acting only on
I the defensive. It wits never contemplated by
tlie t (institution that States should bp coerced.
The requisition of State authorities is directly
required to warrant the interference of the Fed
eral (iovcrniucut, aud Mr. Lincoln H over-stepping
the authority intrusted to him, and mak
ing war, especially civil war, on those whom ho
regards as citizens has committed high treason
and for similar conduct t'hnrles I of F.uglund
lost hii head.
Love.
Wo copy from Kate Urandcj a fireside history
of a quiet life a new work by Holme Lee the
following exquisitely beautiful chapter on Love :
Is it w rong to strangle our buppv thoughts
and hopes? Kvcn if they die unrealized, they
do us good; therefore, I say, let the vain, fool
ish things livo out their hour. It is good to be
loved, but it is a paradise to love. If love bears
a stin, was therc'not a serpent in Kdeu too?
I'.ut I'irst Live, looking out through guileless
eyes, ItholiU only the sunshine of tiod's pres
ence; anil its deep calm, its passion-pure ecsta
sy, are worth an age of plodding, pulseless. life.
First love is the golden key to the gate of hap
j'incss, w hich no counterfeit of baser metal can
ever open. Many go. aw ay from that gate weep
ing, weary, sick of earth and its'sordid passions
gazing back sadly at its : Inning portals w hence
forevcriMoro .they. are outcasts, and w hich the
tuists of Lethe will soon dim and tarnish. It is
said some there arc to whom love is a myth, a
beautiful delusion, talked of in stories, suui ol
in songs ; sonic to whose eyes its eteni',1 truth
has never been revealed, w ho rank it w ith old
liOets' fables; some who, if they acknowledge
it at all, say it existed only in primitive times, I
when men talked race to lace With angels, and
the world was in its youth. Do wo never talk
with angels now? never unawares entertain a
I .? , -1 1 1 k 1 -on
. , , ' ,
j ,r"'. ' 7," ' "?
heavenly visitant? Wo do. Merer and C'liarf
alk abroad, silent, but with visible foot-
I a i . . .. l, .i; I
j 1 ,,. ', 7, ' ., ... 1
ul.'1 Z 1 V ""I j
? ma.k"."t c ; r nU.
I T'f. 2$ i
; in.- .iiiik.v .in ,ft i.t .......i.v.i ft.. ,.. .........
,, , , . ,
Vnt mn T.nr ffsn-noil s Kofllv ail a summer
I morning ; waking tip life in the calm of the car
I lv hours; growing swiftly to noontide heat;
ripening in sweet drowsiness till the twilight of
aire crept grayly over it and then came the hush
of night and the grave. It glorified iny exist
ence as the sun glorifies the long summer Hay;
and surely such love as this is the dim, holy
shadow of Eden. I shall have to tell of clouds
of mid-day storms perhaps ; but who thinks
of them in the evening glow ? As I come to
this part of my story, it seems as if I ought to
remember them no more.
I know this issue is not for all not for many ;
there were fewer skeptics if It were often thus.
To sonic, love conies like a glittering, beam clear
ing its way through thunder clouds ; dazzling
in its sudden light half fearful though it be. A
wild, passionate thrill that love has still the
angel visitant descending into tho heart, though
it abide not ; the rent clouds glide up again and
blot out the sun, till the doom is deep as eter
nal twilisrht God help that soul in its loneli
ness, and God help those a lio, through the live
long day, sec but the dull leaden an h of a love
less life ! The fiercest gust of passion that ever
is better than not to lore at all.
The HoMBAHminxT or Fort Smitr As Ix
terestixi; IscioEvror Camt Lint. The Charles
ton Courier of the 2oih says : "During the bom
bardment of Fort Sumter. Friday night, the
commandants of every battery in the harbor
were charged to observe the strictest vigilance
i at their various pos's lhat night It was sup
nosixt thst the fleet then off the harbor would
' make an aiiempi 10 laiiu in .Kiriii.-. vvi. a.
Lamar informed the men of the order, and the
: ueaenca unmcuiaiciT in iron- m me ihukti.
The order was given to the men, by CoL Lamar,
! to fire a volley of musketry, and afterwards to
j charge with Itayotiets the boat being too close
: to allow of depressing the howitzers so as to
bear opiin it Col. 1-amar was about jumping
; previously pin 10 cinvrpe uaiuuein. i.c .rom,
'1.1 . ..I. 1. I 1 ftulmn, Ia mnn lnv.nl ftjim.
although hailed, continued to move toward Mim-
ter. A it came opjiosiu; iul i . .-vcu-sure'
tent he discharged a revolver at it and
nailed the boat to come to, which w as not heed
ed. The night was so dark that tliey were un
able to distinguish how many men were in the
boat and Col DeSaussure was about to give the
command to Capt King"i battery to open fire,
when several of the men, with Colonel Lamar,
rushed into Ilia anrf. got hold of the boat and
drew it to shore. The men m the boat proved
to be two of our own hands who had got beach
ed out there, and were nnable to make thfnt-
selves heard "
Filling up the Lines.
The following able article we clip from the N.
Orleans Picayune :
Secession now confront Mr. Lincoln at hi
own door-step. If he have a stomach for the
sight, he may stand in his own w indow and
look abroad on the fertile land of generous
people who disown him and hi policy, and have
broken .away from the government which ho,
and such as he, control. The platform on the
circular stairs at the rear of tho White House,
gives a broad view to the Virginia shore of the
Potomac, and tho blue mountains beyond, where
the noble old Commonwealth warned hint thai
his dominion is to stop. . He may shake his pal
tee, Uelshazzar-like, as the finger of fate writes
to his vision, on the walls a!out him, tlmt he is
weighed in the balance and foun4 wanting, that
hi kingdom has departed.
With the banner of Virginia floating abroad,
what Southern State will hold back ?
Not North Carolina ; fqr the inspiring word
from llichuioiid has w armed up tho old North
State ; and without waiting an instant for the
vain ceremony of j-;t;i.tjt!4.tiau jwh.ere the souls
of too people speak out through their flashing
eyes and with eager tonguo and heavy hand
her Governor, has already seized tho Federal
fortresses and made ready for tho act of inde
pendence. Not Kentucky; for Tier gallant Governor has
sent buck to Washington, w ith defiance, the call
of the President for Kentucky troops, with
which to crush out Southern freedom ; and the
chivalry of Kentucky is in a blaze or wrath
against the insolent demand. They havo hands
and hearts for the South but for Northern In
vaders heavy blows and tho edge of the sword.
Not Tennessee; the volunteer State of Jack
son, t'oll'ee and Carroll which sent forth its
thousands whenever patriotism and honor called,
and still as they full or were maimed, sent out
unstinted thousands more, is not to be thought
of among the laggards while the enemies of
Southern independence are booted and in the
saddle, and the South calls its chivalry to tho
rescue, The faithful Governor, true to tlie re
nown of his State, answered the rescript from
Washington, that Tennessee had not a man for
the nu-rci-iiary work of the enemy, but fifty
thousand to repel force. Tho tidings from Ten
nessee respond to the noble w onls from the Gov
ernor, aud tiiue-SHver and traitors cannot keep
her out of the ranks or the South for a moment
longer than is absolutely necessary to enable
her to hurry into line.
Not Arkansas ; for she is already on march
into position. Her tread is already heard, and
the first step of the Lincoln host will bo an
swered bv the clash of the sword. ,
Not Missouri. The fiery message of Iter Irris-1
ciblc Governor returning Lincoln's message as
an insult with words of scorn and defiance, re
spond for her. She has a position or peril on
the frontier, w ith three sides exposed to inva
sion, she tnsy bo tasked severely In defending
herself against the vengeance of the North j but
there is a proud and gallant spirit which will
deem degradation too great a price to give for
precarious mercy, and will spurn the alliance
with Ltncuhiisin:
Shall we say, too, hot Maryland ? Wo tire
not so confident in her early adhesion, but the
hope is strong. She has a'l.incolni.ed Execu
tive and a promiscuous population about llulti
tnore which is not identical with the settled sen
timents of the State, and which hanga about
the Federal olllces as Federal dependents or ex
pectants .of Federal favor. That a mercenary
corps might be raised there for any purpose
whatever, by the aid of Federal money, is not
to be thought unlikely ; but we do think it un
likely that tho solid sentiment of the city, the
sentiment of the native masses of tho healthy
interior will bring up tho "Maryland line" so fa
mous in the battles of liberty heretofore, to the
fide of Virginia and the South, when the day
or conflict comes, and not before.
Of Delaware, we take no heed at this time.
We expect nothing demonstrative until in the
disintegration of the Southern Confederacy; she
has to choose a pew convention.
What thinks Mr. Lincoln to-day?
Not Deep r'xorort for riuviso. We heard,
a night or two since, a tolerably good story or a
couple or raftsmen. The event occurred during
the late big blow on the Mississippi, at which
time so inanv rafts were swamped, and so many
steamboats fost tllelr fky-rigS'ngs. A rart was
just emerging from Luke Pepin as the squall
came. In an instant the raft was pitching und
writhing as if suddenlv dropped into Cliarybdis,
while tho waves broke over with tremendous
uproar, and, exiectiug instant destruction, the
raftsman dropped on his knees and commenced
praying with a vim equal to tho emergency.
Happening to open his eyes an instant, ho ob
served his companion, not engaged In prayer,
but pushing a pole into tho water at the side or
the raft.
"What's that yer doin', Miko?" said he;
'get down on yer knees now, for thero Isn't k
niinR lictwccii ns and purgatory 1 "
" Ho aisy, Pat" said tho other, as lie coolly
continued to punch tho water wllh his. pole;
"be aisy, now! trhat'e tht e ' praiiirf tchen
a feller can't towcA bottom rith poltt"
Mike is a pretty good specimen of a larger
class of Christians, who prefer to oihit prayer
as long as they can touch bottom.
How to iaPBOVB tub Memort. What we
wish to remember, we should attend to, so as to
understand it perfectly, fixing our attention es
pecially on its most important and distinctive
features We should disengage our minds for
tho moment front Other things that we tnay at
tend effectually to that which is before us. No
man will read with much advantage, who can
not empty his mind at pleasure of other aub
jects and does not bring to the author he reads
an intellect neither troubled with care, nor agi
tated with pleasure. If the mind be filled with
other matters how ban it receive new ideas?
It is a good practice to Improve the memory,
and far better than making notes, or transcrib
ing pages at a time, to read carefully, and after
a lapse of a few days to write an abstract of
w hat has been read." This will give us the hab
it or storing up, for future use, our immediate
acquisitions in knowledge. Again, memory is
assisted by an orderly arrangement of the
thoughts "it is obTieu that in recollecting a
speech or discourse, that is more easily recalled
in w hich the argument proceeds from one step
to another by regular induction, fv we ought
to conduct our studies ; otherwise memory will
be defective
txroaATios" roa Jour Fellows There is
a tradition that brandy was at one time manu
factured from the vine, but the grapes of France
having of late years followed the example of the
potatoes, and taking to moulding and rotting,
many of the French brandy makers have adopt
ed bituminous coal aa a substitute. They dis-
' til a poUmt spirit frota this substance, which is
lb us made available for the production of twe
' kinds of fire one for tin comfort of man, and
the other for the destruction of hi health; his
senses and his souL Large quantities of alco
hol distilled from coal and "doctored" with
certain chemicals to giva it the "Cognac flavor,"
are now exported from France to England, and
we doubt not plentr of it is sold in our cities
to-dav. Coal Ur has long been used for the
flavoring of whiskeys but a liquor with a coal
basis is an experiment of chemistry which might
j well make all tipplers shudder.
j At what point do artrics generally enter hos
: tile cities? At the point c-f the bayonet;
Practical Hints for Volunteers.'
As so large a number of our citizens are now
expected to be in. the field, we propose to pre
sent them from time to time a series, of hints
upon subjects connected with the various mili
tary departments not with any idea of instruct
ing them, but to bring to their remembrance
some matters which are sometimes forgotten or
overlooked. Having icccs.1 lo works which are
not generally read by volunteers from which
wp.will draw pevy items, we think their articles
will bear preserving.
W find some very excellent advice in t letter
written bv. a father tq his son, w ho is a volun
teer in s Mobile company now in Richmond:
You are now, my son, in a position different,
altogether, from anv you have ever before occur
pied, aiid it is niy duty to give you all the infor
mation and counsel which may be in my power,
to enable you to understand your duties and sp
predate the responsibilities which are attached
to vour position.
fn tho first place, then, my son, w hen a sol
dier shoulders lus rlQo under Uie fijg of Lii
country, lie must surrender to that country hi;
will, his whims tastes fancies, and prejudices ;
and the first, highest and most solemn duty ho
owes to that country is the mot implicit and
prompt obedience to the orders of his superior
officers: Disobedience, even In matters of mi
nor gravity, frequently forfeits life. If an order
is issued, that must be the end of Inquiry. The
success of a battle or camp'uign may depend up.
on tho concealment of the purposes of the com
mand ; and it ntay become necessary to punish
with death an omission to observe that w hich,
may seem to be a very unimportant order to the
soldier w bo does not understand it
Nnpoleon once issued an order that tho lights,
of the camp must bo extinguished at 8 o'clock
and on seeing a light burning in the tent of an
officer, after that hour had elapsed, he repaired
thither in person, and entered, the tent just as
the officer had finished, w ilting his wife's name
on the back of a letter he had written to her.
Ho told tho Emperor he had unconsciously vio
lated the law only for one momont, and it waS
done in the enthusiasm of atfeution, with which
he had been overcoqic by thoughts of home -"Unseal
that letter," said the Emperor, "and
write, as I dictate" Tho officer obeyed and
wrote aa follows ! "P: S. I die to-morrow morn
ing at 8 o'clock, f r violating tho laws of tho
camp, by not extinguishing the light in mv tent
at the precise time. I w as commanded to do it."
That dccis'idn may have seemed savago and.
barbarous, but when your intellect shall have
matured to the comprehension of how- much de
pends upon subordination and a rigid udlierenca
to tho laws of the camp, you w ill see. that Na
poleon could only bo just to the thousands of
lives undur.his care by assuming the apr.curancii
of cruelty to this one delinquent.
Obedience Is not servility: it is duty. It is,
therefore, not cowardly, but honorable. The
camp is no place for the soft manners of the
driiwuisroeia. mii sclJi zrt pvoveibiully
bjunt ; therefore, do not imagine, if an officer
speaks sharply to you, that he wants to insult
you or brow-beat you ; and, my dear son, as.
you value your happiness aud usefulness, do
not, I beg of you, listen to tho scandal of tat
tling go-betweens, nr allow your feelings to be
come prejudiced, cither against an olliccr or a.
fellow-Koidicr, by anything that may be said
against them in their absunee. That man is
foe to your country who attempts to sow dis
sension between brother soldiers or shake the
confidence of the army in its ufllccrs ; and if he
is inconsiderate and malignant enough to select
such a holy spot as the bivouac for such a sa
crilege, he'must be too base to speak the try,th;
nml you w ill only be meting out to him bis jiii .
deserts to give, in place of your respect and con
fidence, your derision and scorn.
Nothing can make me more happy, my ilea?
son, than to know that, young as you are, you
enjoy the esteem and confidence of your brave
comrades in arms ; and I, therefore, warn yoii
against the common fault of the volunteer sol
diets, tow it: murmurinrr. Never murmur, my
dear son, at anything. In the first place, it iri
not manly ', in the second t.'acc, it wc.ius from
you those who else miaiit love yo:i and cleave
to you ; in the third jilace, it demoralizes tho.
army, and makes a mob of grumblers out of
men, who, but for this propensity, might havo
been much happier themselves, und been tho
source of buppincss iri the very ranks in which
their put-tile complaints must breed discontent.,
lie cheerful, my brave boy, and it w ill make
your ollicers love you. It is not a pleasure ex
cursion you ore on ; and you must not expect
that luxuries will fall in showers along your
path. The soldiers Washington led marched
barefooted over the frozen ground, with tho
blood pouring from the gashes in their foot
They braved the terrors of a Northern winter;
only half clad, and won laurels that must flour,
ish in perennial verdure, while the Goths and
Vandals who invade ,us froth tho North, with
the exchequer of a mighty government to pro
vide for their comfort, will have been, in chari
ty, forever forgotten;
The Law of Blookada.
Tlie proclamation the President of tho CI
States declaring a blockade of all the ports
makes tho inquiry interesting, what is the law
of blockade?
The question is a temporary one in the nature;
of things for it is not to be presumed that this
blockade even if effect its 1, will be tolerated and
observed by leading ttaritime nations esp-cL-l-.
ly England. As soon as the latter power re
ceives legal notice of it, we may expect a pretty
energetic course on its part-
In th, meantime, it may interest our reader
to sec tlie following passage from Chancellor
Kent's commentaries on the law of blockade! ;
It may become a rcry important question of
fact, and lead to many complications w hether
the whole naval force at the command ef the U.
Stts Government is capable or establishing an
effective blockade Sf t- immense sea coast of
the Conlcdcrate States? The question will greatl
lv enlarge its dimensions when Virginia and N.
Carolina and Maryland, join the Southern Cbri.
federacy: ' . .
"A blockado must lie existing in point of fact;
and, In order to constitute tlmt existence, there
must lie a power present to enforce it All de
crees and order declaring extensive ciststs, aud
w hole countries in a stale of blockade, without
the presence of an adequate naval force to sup
port it are manifestly illegnl and void, and have
no sanction in publio law. The ancient author
it ies all referred to a strict and actual siege
blockade. The language of Grotiu btrjpalvm
.Vsft-flS"M tU'trtn$ chimne, and the investing
power must be able lo apply its force to every
point of the blockaded place, so as to render it
dangerous to attempt to enter, and there is no
blockade of tlmt port where its power cannot be
brought to bear. The definition of a blockade,
given by the Convention of the Ilaltie powers iri
1780, and again in 1801, and by the ordinance
of Congress in 1781, required that there should
be actually a number of vessels stationed near
enough to the port to make the entry apparent
ly dangerous; Tho Government of the United
States have uniformly insisted that the blockade
should be effective by the presence bf a be in po
tent force, stationed, and present, at or hear tho
entrance of the port ; and they have protested,
with great energy against the hppliratibu bf the
right of seizure, and coiiGscalion to ineffectual
or fictitious blockades:"
A wise man heed not be invested will owef
in order to be convinced (bat power i a gircrri
bedizened with gold, which lazz.es the IwholdVr
by its splendor; but oppress the wearer he
its Wright.
I)
4 S
f
it

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