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6c (DrforiJ utcllicuftr. IIOWABD FALCOXI K, Editor, P. A. DUVAL, AMnt E!r. Wednesday Morning, May 15, 1861. V False Pretences. We can scarcely take up a North errt newspa ter without lighting at once upon bluehood. Even "the Father of Lice " might accomplish himself in mendicity, by taking lessons from Greeley, Bennett, Raymond t Co. Knowing that the Confederate States desired and sought Dcace. and that our Commissioners were repulsed by Lincoln, the abolition journals gravely ure thoir readers that we have commence! the war. Knowing too, that we only ask to be let alone, they falsely affirm that we are contemplating their subjection I They pretend, also, that they are going to light in defence of "the great prin ciple of self government" They know better. They do not intend to fire a single shot in de fence of that principle. On the contrary, they seek to impose upon us, by fores of arms, a government of their own, which they know to be abhorrent to every man, woman and child among us. We hsve asserted the right to gov ern ourselves, In our own way, and the present war Is waged against us In flagrant opposition to that right 1 Wilson's Zouaves. One "Hilly Wilson," or New York, who is, we suppose, one of the most Intense rascals in that rascally city, has formed a regiment of Zou aves, from the scum of the population. A Mack Republican correspondent of Black Re publican journal, writing from New Vork, gays that "Billy" offered the following Wager, to a gentleman with whom ho Was conversing about his men: "I'll just bet you five hundred dol lars, that In twenty-four hours after I leave, the people will tell you there Is not a thief, pick pocket, or burglar left in the city of New York." We find no difficulty in believing that "Billy" appreciates the character of the men who com pose his regiment, and that they are, as he rep resents thorn to be, a flock of gallows-birds who are familiar with every phase ofcrime. We think, however, that he is mistaken in sup posing that he will tike with him, In a single regiment, the entire "slock" of thieves who have their homes in New York. Our own opin ion is, and lias been for years past, that an army of a hundred thousand nion, composed exclu sively of thieves, might be sent forth from that single city, and that a superabundant supply of tlicin would still remain behind, v" V An Exoellent Suggestion. On the ftli Inst, as we learn from the Inde pendent South, of the Oth, Col. Walter Good man, President of the Miss. Central R. It Co., who had just returned from a trip to New York en the business of the road, delivered an ad dress to the people of Holly Springs, in which lie stated his conviction that the North is deter mined upon the subjugation of tho South, and that the most prompt, extensivo and energetic preparations for war, on our part, aro required in order to meet the emergency that will shortly bo upon us. He explained, also, tho policy of the merchants and capitalists of the Eastern cities in contributing large sums of money to sustain the projected blockade of our ports by tho Lincoln administration. They expect there by to reduce the South, in a few months, to ut ter helplessness, and, in the meantime, to mako New York tho great cotton mart of the world, and thus to get their money back, with usurious profits. They reason in this way: England wants cotton: she mutt have it The people of the cotton States must also have money, and they can only obtain it by the sole of their cot ton. If the Southern porta are rigorously block a led, cotton will aeek an outlet, through tho lines of inland rail-roads, at New York, whence English ships can take it to Europe just as conveniently as from our ports. A new and profitable tradi) will thus be created, which will greatly enrich the North, and enable them Indefinitely to prolong.the war, at our expense. At the sumo time, England, whose sympathies are known to be entirely with the North, being thus supplied with all the cotton she requires, Will hare no interest in putting an end to tho blockade, and will quietly stand by and witness our gradual subjugation. Mr. Goodman sug gests a check -mate to this movement Let the Confederate States at once impost) an export duty of five cents per pound upon every bale of ' cotton that is shipped Northward by rail-road, leaving it free to be shipped from our ports, as heretofore. England would not, because she could not afford to, submit to the operation of the blockade, if this admirable suggestion were rarried out. It would stop every cotton mill in New England in less than ninety days, or com pel them to seek their supply of the raw mate rial from E-.irope, running" the gauntlet of our privateers upon the homeward voyage. To pro. vide against a fall in the price of cotton, result ing from a temporarily diminished demand for it, Mr. Goodman further suggests that a fourth of the land now planted in cotton be immedi ately ploughed up and planted in corn. We trust that our Congress and our people will promptly act upon these suggestions, and thus entangle our crafty foes in the net they have so cunningly spread for our destruction. f Jonathan's Lament for Sister Caroline. Undor this tltto, some rhyming Yankee has Contributed to the Atlantic Monthly a doleful lamentation over the withdrawal of South Caro lina from the Union. Brother Jonathan, with his pockets full of eoltimbiad Shatpe's rifles, Colt's repeaters, bomb-AcJts, red-hot shot, and ether persuasive arguments, thus concludes his sorrowing appeal to hi departing sister O Caroline, Caroline, ehiM at the m. Then are battle with Fate that eaa sever be warn ! The atar-flwuing banner mnmt neter be farted, for ft Monoou af light era the hope of the world I Go, then, ewr rash sister ! afar and aloof, Rna wild in the annabioe away fram r reef ; fiat when your heart eebes and year feet aaa grow sore, ' Remember the pathway that leads la aw inorV' Sister Carolina lately sent, through Major An derson, to her affectionate brother, a message, from which it Is reasonable to infer that her an-, Bwer to his doggerel "palaver" waaM raa aota whstt after this fashion: ' . 0 Jonathan, Jonathan, o of t pm, There are battle with jswf that are ewal.V woa I Tour fale-rltinc burner at onee timid be farted, Kor longer be aamted to rosea she worMI 1 home gone, shrewd brother, afar and aloof, Escaped too soon from a treacherous roraT; And wbew I'd be ptmdvred, bot never before, fU darken the pathway that Iee4 year deer I The II out on Telegraph earn that the little Cmon eentiwnt formerly prevalent ta WeHera Texas baa died nt, and the people ate all asked, to emea, foe , 1776 and 1861. 'iristorv,rt said a great philosopher, "is con tinually repeating Itself." Human nature, in alt ages and countries, is essentially the same ; and we may reasonably anticipate, therefore, that, under the same conditions, the people of the present day will imitate the conduct of those Who lived in other times. In 1771, tho British Colonists of North America took up arms against the mother country, in open rebellion. It has been the fashion, in fourth of July addresses, to speak of the oppreuion of England as having produced the Revolution. Sensible readers of history, however, know that such was not the fact Practically, the legislation of Parliament imposed ne heavy burthens upon the Colonies; but the real grievance was, that Parliament as serted constitutional right to govern tlie Colo nies according to its own pleasure, and without their consent It was against this pretention because. If it were not resisted, it was seen that it would leave open a wide door to future op pression that the seven years war of Independ ence was waged. Now, in 1861, the Northern people are setting op, as against those of the South, the same monstrous allegation ot consti tutional right, and the latter are preparing to resist that pretension by an appeal to arms, in order that they may preserve their imperilled liberties, with which they instinctively feel that such a pretention is wholly incompatible. Eng land was determined to subjugate the Colonies, because she intended to rule them with an eye single to her own advantage. The States of the North, for the same reason, have resolved upon the subjugation of the South, and tho present furor of Northern excitement against secession is but the natural expression ot the rage wit'n which the highwayman is possessed when he realises that his purposed victim is on the point of escaping from his grasp, with all his treasures safe. Tho Colonists of 'To, as we have already said, were rebels, who fought with halters around their necks ; for, in legal contemplation, as Brit ish subjects, in arms against their sovereign, they were traitors, and were liable to have been dealt with as such, if they had been unsuccess ful in their enterprise. The secessionists of 1801, on the other hand, aro proceeding legally. They- oppose no law which they nre even theo retically under any obligation to observe. Their States were bound to tho others by a mere com pact, based Upon their consent; and, by the simple withdrawal of that consent, tlio compact of Union ceased to exist, and the other States, as to theirs, becamo foreign States, with no oth er claims upon them than sik'Ii as grow out of their common membership of tho great family of nations. For the attempt of George the Third to reduce his rebellious Colonists to obe dience, there was, therefore, at least a plausible pretext of justification. For the attempt of the North to subject the South to its domination, thero is not even the shadow of an apology. It is, throughout, in spirit and in act, an utter, in defensible, unmitigated wrong and robbery, un relieved by any siliglo redeeming or extenuating feature. It is pure, tinminglcd brigandism. The North insolently plants itself upon the esinj Ji!:itfnm with George the Third, and dog matizes, and bullies, and lies, after the self-same pattern set them by the British Ministry and its minions in 1771. Indeed, one- might be pardon ed for believing that Mr. Lincoln and liis adhe rents sometimes go back to the Ministerial re cords of '70 for the materials of their diatribes against the so-called "reliels" of IrtOl. We ask the attention of our readers to tho evident rela tionship existing between tho sentiments of the coerc'u mists of the two epochs, as hero exhibited: KM. 1801. din you, after so many1 It is more limn proha antl deliberate indignities ble, that, with the discovc nfi'ered you, treat with ry aud frustration of their them, hut as revolted, re-!designs, the conspirators hellions Fiihj'TtK, who of the South will soon mie ought thankfully to eubinit for pence. No pence will, to each comiitiont n yon however, he granted, tx awiy think proper to aire cept on till) condition of themf It in more than unconditional submission, probable th.it the rina-The time fur compromises lead in thin minchief arc and concessions has gone but lew in number J It' they by. If it returns, it will can be laid hold of, they Ik-, after the tni-ntii,l,d deserve no mercy; con-was who have revolted, vince the lower class of at the instigation of lima that infatuate J people that amjt Itailrrt, have laid the imaginary liberty they down their arms, and sig are no eagerly pursuing in nilied their readiness to not by any menus to he obey the laws they have coniMied to that which trampled under font, and the Constitution of this swear allegiance to the in happy country already per-jstitiitiuns they liave baud mit them to enjoy. 'cd together to overthrow. W of Mr. , in-Then, and not till then, Parliament, twill their representations lie did not r xptrt, murk lie heard, and, if them hare ten with, thill the people of ' itrieranrc; the Kill be re America ehonld yield an dreeeed in the manner pro abject or ecrrile mthmitnon. ruled for bf the Omntitih It was, however, now be-i'ott now rrpwline. come indispensably necca-i With all this ar atry to the interests, nay, 'dor at the North, there to the very existence of doce not eriM the leant rinA the British eniphf, that to enbjiuiale the Sonth. the mipronary of this Leg ,Our Southern brethren are Mature should lie main- in a Hate of insurrection tained and asserted in its aainst the Government full extent; and when that and the flag which have point wm once fully catab-' protected the whole eoun lished, he doubtrd not b'U try, and made it the migh ts penfJe of America ty and prosperous nation nvnlj receive tnern mtit-H Is. The people of the fartim and meenritif ne; North are determined to any JnM ffrirranree then bring back the insitrrec miirht hare frit, nnd aa.v tioniata to their senses and right them map be entitled .their allegiance to tlx? fl.ig re enjrnf tie tiruutn tnojerte. ioi onr common country. Snefrh of Lard t , A. 1. Herald, ilaa . in the llonne of horde. The Secretary of State is lid nl diced to state to Messrs. That, thoUL-h he eoul nut at present treat with Forsyth and Crawford that the Congress as such, yet he has Wo authority, nor is be was very desirous of he at liberty, to rreogniise baring a cmmTcnce with UK-m as diplomatic agents, some of the memliera, ll'm. . Rnearife Letter whom he would consider, I to the Southern Commit tor the present, only w.tiemen. private gentlemen. Zorrf) I am going to war to Home't meetape, bf Gen. Igi ve to every body else the Snlliran, to tit Cveartn. same liberty I myself en la this arduous contest, Joy. We go to secure I can have no other otgevti peace, equality, union, and but to promote the true .'to compel the South to ob intererts of all my sub-serve the same regulations jecta. No people ever en- which we prescribe for joyed more happiness, orsMirselvcs, and which our lived anner a milder gov-jfatlien prescribed to all of emmeat, than tbeae re-Ins. Owr Government has tolted provinces. My de-Uied its blessings apon all; M to netoia to them fits oppressions have been the bteasiriss of law and but ia aame. Speech, of liberty, equally enjoyed by Senator baker, of Oreantt, every British aolject ,ut X. York, Mam X, 1S6L- RpeerA of the Atng, Octo Tba Government of tlx ber 0, It. ICnited States had not made The American eonzht'war anon the Southern and brmurht their trouble States ; they had made war on Bwiina. h-es, by it Visting npon the (invenrmrnt. ffie laws and authoritv of F. P. Stanton, May 1, aha emintry. .frrd cw.iaai. Qoummine, as Pmiiiamtnt. Wl might indcfSnitefy extend this' parallel between the tyrannical ideas of the British and Northern cocreKmista, bat w htvt already and sufficiently shown that the same spirit, against which our Revolutionary sires had to contend, is now animating the enemies of the South. Oar only safety lies in determined resistance, for, should w be worsted in this struggle, the (ate of wretched Poland, as she lies helpless at the leet of those who have despoiled her, would be happmesa as eotjipared with that which is in reserrs for n. The Northern tongna and pen, "set on fire of Hen," and constantly giving ut terance to the fiendish malignity of the North era) heart, should warn us af the miseries to which defeat will expose as. Better, far better, that a horde of wild Camanches should sweep over our beautiful land and leave it desolate for ever, rather than that our people should be compelled to submit to the infernal atrocities of Black Republican rul& y V A ftew Way to" Pay Old Debts. The following official order has been directed to the accounting officers of tho IT. S. Govern mcnt at Washington: " The amounts found to be due resigned offi cers from the States which claim to have se ceded, will be naid them from tlib United States funds heretofore sent to, or deposited in, those States. By order! L. THOMAS, Adjutant-General.' The "old concern " at Washington is justly indebted to large numbers of officers of the Army and Navy, for arrears of pay. Those officers havo been in the service of the United States, and are entitled, by law, to their regular compensation. They have a right, moreover, to resign their commissions, for cause or with out cause, without in anywise impairing the validity of their claim for past services. Be cause they now choose to exercise that right, and refuse to imbruo their hands in the blood of their own people, Abraham Lincoln, who has taken an oath to " lake care that the laws be fuithfully executed," blackens his soul with the guilt of petjury, by setting asido those laws which require him to pay the officers who have resigned. There is no Justification or ajKilogy for his infamous order, even upon his own view of the existing state of things. Admit, fur the argument, that the seceded Stale arc yet in the Union, and that those who have appropriated the FcdernJ tisr.urs ir. ih.lJS -t:j "r: thieves and robbers; still, he is bound to pay the debts of the Government with money, and not with orders upon thieves. If burglars should break into tho Sub-Treasury in New York, and rob its vaults of the millions that are deposited there, can Mr. Lincoln be required to receivo his salary in an order upon those rogues? If A vessel, with Government money on hoard, should be sunk in mid ocean, would Mr. Lincoln "pay" himself with an order on the monsters of the deep Tho truth is, that Abe Lincoln docs not intend to pay the resigned officers at all. Ho is seeking to bribe them to remain in his service as cut-throats, or, failing in this object, he is re solved to wreak his malignity upon them by withholding from them the money which it is his sworn duty to pay tliem. Let tho perjured wretch go forward in his career of infamy. "It is already proved that he is an arrant knave, and it will go near to ba thought go pre-ti si Col. J. F. Cushman's Speech This gentletliah, on Saturday last, addressed a largo anil respectable audience of his fellow- citizens, at the Court House in Oxford, pursuant to their invitation. Our " form " was so nearly made tip when ho spoke that we havo room for only a brief outline of his remarks, which were received with marked attention by the audience. He knew, he suid, that he was not invited to speak because it was supposed that any neces sity for speaking now existed, but because his old friends desired to pay him a personal com pliment. I left yon, he continued, nearly two years ago, peaceful, prosperous and happy. 1 return to find that warlike preparations are go ing on in every portion of tho country. I passed, a few days since, through New York, and saw that tho whole- city was one great en campment, and heard the boast, from tho lips of Gen. Wool, that they were about to send down a million of men to subdue) us. I must confess that I was, not exactly afraid, but a little un easy, lest the South might not be able promptly to meet and repel the immense force that was preparing to operate against her; but when I passed through Kentucky and Tennessee, and saw that the fires of independence were every where blazing throughout those gallant States, and w hen I reached Mississippi and found that our people were united, resolved, nnd prepared, I took heart, and I now feel that we aro safe in our own strength. I havo recently been in Franco and in Kngland, and I bclievo that in France we shall find our best and most efficient friend. Kngland is our enemy. AVo should send our cotton to France, and thus make it her interest to cultivate our friendship. She has none of the English prejudico against slavery. England takes her impressions of us and of our institutions from tho lying prints of the Eastern cities, and, moreover, she fears that, if we sepa rate from tho North, Canada will be lost to her. By playing off France against England, we can humble tho pride of tho British Lion, and, if need be, we may even be able to obtain tho aid of Franco In our defence against the Xorth. We must now forget parties and party names, and stand together, as one man, in the defence of our rights and' liberties, which are assailed by the tyrant at Washington. It is said that the bloody Pomitian, when he sent men to be de voured by wild beasts in the arena, would often shed tears; and Lincoln, in like manner, while he is devoting the South to all the horrors of a desolating war, pretends to talk of his regard for tho principles of humanity, his desire for peace, and his aversion to the shedding of blood! We must meet him in arms, or We shall be destroyed, y A Wilful Liar. On the 2-jth of last month, before the Legis lature of Illinois, Stephen A. Douglas gave ut terance to the following deliberate lie : "Xo sooner have these Cotton States seceded than An export duty is levied) and if they will levy it on their cotton, do you not think they will levy it on our pork, and our beef, and our corn, and our wheat, and otw manufactured ar- j ticlea and alLwe have to sell t Then what is I tltA nmnnuittnn V It ia (a dtnftfi!.. tbi. tinr nt ' States bordering on the Atlantic and tho Pacific, and on the Gulf, surrounding us on all sides, to withdraw from our Union form alliances among themselves, and then levy taxes on us without our Consent, and collect revenue without giving us any just proportion or part at all of the amount collected. Can we submit to taxation without representation? Several voices, 'JfoJ Can we permit nations foreign to us to collect revenues off our products the fruits of our industry f There can be no pretence that Mr. Douglas was mistaken in regard to the purposes of the Confederate States, for tho act of the Provision al Congress, making tho navigation of the Mis sissippi absolutely ree to the imports and ex ports of the States lying North oif the Confed fedcracy, was well known to him. It may as well ba understood at once that he is the bitter and unscrupulous enemy of the South, who is Just now inventing falsehoods for the purpose of excibng the rabble of Illinois to make war upon us. If he were himself in the army, we doubt not that he would employ poisoned weapons agahisttts. v Pome eafl the Confederate Flag the "Balmoral Petticoat," tlie petticont being the Ensign of all eiriliicd nation, oar ttr.i will be respected, protected and admired wherever it is bottled, and every chival rous m.ia will be after boitinc one at hii own resi dence. " -(ttltgrapgic Jfnfrllipuf, Foreiga News Kew Voka, May II. Lord Woodhnuie replying, said England resigned no rurht or obligations to in terfere diplcmatiually or otherwise with American dirS cultica. The London press, exempt the Times, avm pathise with tlie North. The Times fears aerioua onunk-ta if Uie North determines to force obedience. wnstLixu, Va., May 13. Union convention as sembling. Huuie favor neutrality; otlicrs partition of Virginia. ' Nkw Tosk, May IS. Ned Rutline has tendered a regiment of hunters from Western New Vork. A Washington dispatch mioesu Immediate, for warding of all regimcuts destined (or the war. Colonel Anderson spoke at tlie Broker's Board he said he formerly sympathised with tlie South, but the question now was "government or no govern ment." Uelieved after present ordeal was passed; we should again be a happy and united people; St. Lot-is, May 13. Frost's brigade lias been released from the arsenal The report that Federal troops, had gone to Jefferson City to disperse the Legislature is dis credited and authoritatively contradicted, with the statement that troops are stationed at the Pacific depot merely to prevent the passage of troops and munitions to and from St. Louis. The Governor has caused one span of Osage Bridge to be destroyed. Two regiments of home guards are patrolling. The city is quiet A large body of troops came down on the Alton and Chicago rail-road, and have gone to Belleville. Col. Anderson leaves New York on Tuesday for the West On Sunday the homo guards were assailed ; they fired two citizens, and as many of their own number, were killed. Major Taylor in duced tho crowd to disperse. Gen. Harney has issued a proclamation, promising to preserve the peace. He hoped he sbould not be compelled to resort to martiul law. Most intenso fueling prevails against tlie Gov ernor. A battalion of regulars has been sent hero and placed under command of the police. The news of the surrender of Camp Jackson caused great excitement at Jefferson City. The House passed Harris' military bill in fif teen minutes. Recently purchased powder was immediately sent into the country, The State Treasury has been removed to a place of se curity. Tho Legislature has empowered the Governor to suppress riots and insurrectionary movements throughout tlie State. l.oiii) Illinois troops aro ab-Casoyvillo. St. Loris, May 13. Tho city is quiet Twcn. ty-twd now reported killed at the In I Camp Jackson disturbances. The Fort Kearney Pony Express of May 1 st, has arrived The Collector of San Franciseo sympathizes with the South; A secession Hag, over tho Marshal's office, has been luiuled down. It is thought that some 3(1,1100 Breckinridgo men will favor tho inde pendence of the Southern Confederacy. r W .O -.'I . if I. I twotity cannon, landed lust niiiht at Manassas Junction, en routo for Harper's Ferry; Commndoro IVndcrgnist gave notice1 to all vessels to leave Virginia within fifteen days. Extension asked but imperatively refused. Lo comotives for Tennesseo stojiped also coal southward for steam purpose. Secretary Cameron has ordered the Pawnee to stop Virginia vessels, detaining vessels with fish for Washington. Twenty armed Xew York, Philadelphia hnd Bnltimoro -steamers aro ready for blockading, in addition to Government steamer. It is reported that the Oi h'ans, Alabama and Tennessee rtgilneliU reached Richmond yester day. , I 'apt. Meiggs is reeonnoilcring heights over looking the Capital, with a view of fortifying. Gov. Letcher said he hnd written tho com manding otlicer ot Harper's Ferry to withdraw' his forces from Maryland. Virginians are erecting heavy batteries at Jef forson Rock. Preparations indicate thnt tho Government intend a contcttt at Hnrpor's Kvrry. The Government declines tho application of tho British Minister for pcrniissi in to ship cer tain productions, particularly tobacco, from Vir ginia to England, and to fulfil Government con tracts. Part of tho African fleet has been ordered hofuc't Asxapoms, .May 11. Sudden movement of Confederate troops from Harper's Ferry toward Relay house, is reported. The Secretary of War says New Orleans will bo closed by the time Charleston and Savannah experience the effects of the blockade. Annapolis, May 10. About 20 shots were exchanged between the Confederate troops and the picket guard at Camp ButleV last iiiIil. Several prizes, it is reported, have been taken by tho Federal forces in the bay. ItAitKisjiritn, May 10. Gov. Curtin has un conditionally refused to permit bodies of armed frco blacks to pass through Pennsylvania. Loi'isvit.i.R, May 11. The reported Owen county negro insurrection turns out a frivolous affair. Pnn.ADKt.pniA, May 11. Col. Anderson and Mrs. Lincoln and suite arrived here to-day. What the Soldiers uavs Knlisi-kd ron. The Eastern Argus, tho leading organ of the Democracy of Maine, makes the following just and pungent remarks on the motives which havo induced tho soldiers in that State to vol unteer : Not a man who is willing to volunteer for the war, desires or advocates an attempt to subju gate the Smith and compel her to remain in the Union as conquered provinces. This policy is advocated solely by those who take care to keep out of harm's way, and do not intend to be en gaged in any Inore deadly encounter than a "battle of pudding sticks;1' This kind of valor (?) is very cheap stuff! When those who advocate the conquest of ten millions of people and their compelled con tinuance in the Union, will shoulder the musket or draw the sword and volunteer to lead the way in such a crusadoi their sincerity w ill be Unquestionable and their courage worthy of Commendation, whatever may be thought of their wisdom. Till then, the had better" cease their war cry. Instead of proving their courage, it raises suspicion of the opposite. Cowardice Is always cruel. Xot an officer or soldier, so far as we know, vho hat actually roluuteernl, is in favor of an aggressive war ; but, on the contrary, wishes and expects the Government td aft strictly On the defensive, until all efforts I Ire exhausted for an honorable adjustment, j either in Union or separation. Remember this I distinction, when you hear the gasconade of these ' hp-valiant warriors, who profess to think hi much of the sword, but take eood care not to test its' virtues themselves: ATiof.r Kii.leo ar TEaareas. Tlie St Louts Democrat thus describes a fight which took place in that city between a Brazilian tiger and twa terriers: "The door was raised and they flew savagely In, while at the same time the' tiger sprang, bounding to the ceiling, and coming down upon the invaders. Their blood and fur flew terri fically, but they at once ertrieated themselves, and both darted furiously toward the foe. Sir tiger received thero with murderous strokes of bis fore paw, nearly scalping thefrt, and tearing off ribbons of flesh and hide at each blow.- He finally seized the saucy terrier's jaws in his mouth, and was crushing them shockingly, when the slut planted her incisors deep in hts throat Very reluctantly he was thus fwced to release the terrier, but he desperately refused to relinquish her hold. His utmost efforts to shake or tear her off were unavailing, the ter rier, in the meanwhile, having pounced upon his back and being en paired with the utmost enthusiasm in gnawing throngh his neck from the top. It became plain that the poor tiger was worsted, and would probably be killed, but his owner dared not attempt to draw off the dogs. It was proposed to shoot them, but this would only have transferred the war from the cage to the crowd. Stunrpff, hojrever, removed the dojr. Their victim then rose, staggered a j few steps, fell and expired. 4 Increase of the Confederate States. A few weeks since, the Confederate States were seven in number, with an aggregate white population of 2,033,117, and 2,:150,607 slaves. For all practical purposes, Virginia, Xorth Car olina, Tennessee and Arkansas may now be re garded as members of our Confederacy. The aggregate white population of those four States is 2,9ii7,57fi, and their slaves number 1,220,380. pur total w hite population, therefore, is 5,600, 723, and that of our slaves is 3,570,987. We may reasonably count upon large accessions to our strength from the other slave States of. the bonier, but, without their aid, we could put in the field, if necessary, an army of eO0,0fO men, which would be only one seventh of our white population. Who can doubt that such a force would enable us successfully to wage a defensive war against all the legions of the North ? J Corn! Corn! No one can compute the disaster and mis ery, says tho Macon Telegraph, which will cotno upon our people, should wd filil td jlrd dtice, this year, most abundant prnin crops not such crops as bare bedii called abun dant heretofore hut such a yicl.j as will ad mit of waste in tliQ ordinary operations of war, ami perhaps some Considerable destmo tion from the enciuvi A short crop or a failure may be our ruin as a people, for wc cannot starve and fiifht A scanty corn crop is far inore to bo dreaded than anything; our cnemf ciln do to injttro us. 1'Lc planter who is insanely neglecting his corn crop for cotton now, is unwittingly fighting tho hat' tics of Lincoln, A good hand in tho field is worth as uittch to our ontiso as a good sol dier in the ranks, nnd tho planter who is usina" a hundred audi hand to produce only corn enough to feed them, is striking a fell blow at the cause of his country. If yon arc not sure you arc doing your part towards an abundant corn crop, set aliuttt it now, in fiod's name. One of our correspondents says "plow up tho cotton," Yesl plow it tip, if need be. Look out for tho com first, last, and all the timo, wMcwphi Avttlunrhr. Tim Cif ah.uteh or the Comi.no Campakix. We have in the northern cities at least three hundred thousand of the most reckless, despe rate men on the face of the earth. Thd Goths and Vnn da Is who descended upon Komo and ensanguined the Tiller with patrician blood were angels enmpnred to these fellows, who are known by the generic namtj of "roughs." Of course, tllcy are all in for war, and the spoils thereof more particularly tho spoils. They have nb stake in this world, no hope for the fu ture. They will fight like demons for present enjoymeilt, and where one U killed twenty tnorc will spring up iri his place. It is of such rough n( ntcr iul that all invincible troops are made. That wo arc In hnvo a fight, that Virginia and Maryland will form the battle ground, and that tho northern roughs will sweep thoso S(jifes w ith firo and sword, is beyond pcradventuro. They have already been excited to the: boiling point by the rich prospect of plunder held out by sonic of their loaders, and w ill not ho satis fied unless' they have a funn and a nigger each. There is no sort of exaggeration about these statements, as tho people of tho border States will shortly ascertain to their cost The char acter of the coming campaign will lie' vindictive', fierce; bloody and merciless beyond parallel in ancient or modern history. .V. V. Jlcralil. Extortion. Wo copy tho following from the Lynchburg Republican : " We hope that no man in tho present crisis of affairs w ill take advantage of the necessities of tho people by advancing the prices of their goods, wares and merchandise. He who docs it is no better than Hook, of revolutionary mem ory. A merchant who has bought bacon at 10 cents and sells it at 20, cnlf.-c at 14 and sells it at 25, Himr at 3 and sells it at 1 is an, enemy of his race and country. No patriot w ill do it Everv friend of humanity will execrate it. Our merchants should sell everything they have on hand at their usual prices; when they have to purchase new supplies at adfranfed rates, then they should sell at a reasonable' advance only. Otherwise the poor of our town and country will be unable to live at all, especially w hen we have a hundred thousand volunteers in the field. Every dollar extorted from fhe necessities of our people is just so much aid and comfort to the enemy. Wo hope every man who respects himself, and loves his country, and regards hu manity. Will frown down all approaches to ex tortion." Treatment or Gix Wot xns. Gun wounds arc not painful immediately, but become so by iiifiaiiimation. Their treatment Is, first to avoid a collapse, and this is to be done by encouraging language, ami, if necessary, a littlo stimulant, administered with care, as it may increase the Inflammation. The next thing is to stop the bleeding, by tlid application of pressure; the next, to find out if any bone is broken, and if so, to steady it and place it in a natural and Comfortable position. . After this, a cold water dressing may he applied, though many surgeons are in favor of a warm water fomentation, but we think their practice untenable, for cold water removes inflammation ty evaporation, and warm water may impart heat, instead of remov ing it. In the case of a slight injury, cold wa ter dressings and rest of the muscles will com plete the cure. For desperate wounds, the sub sequent treatment requires tho skill of a Larry or Abcrncthc How Tiiet Go to Koost. lima. A. Fal coner, editor of tho Holly Springs iferahl, who belongs to one of tho Marshall county volunteer companies, in writing home to his paper from " Camp Davis," ncax I'ensacola, Fl.ii, gives the following amusing account of the way Lit men go to roost : In our camp we have six of the stoutest men belonging to the company. When wc ttlrn in for roott, a few pine leaves arc first spread on the proiind ; over these is placed a blanket for each two men, and we then have a blanket each to cover with. Five of us lay down as closely as possible, and the sixth one place the blanket over us. lie then crawls' under his blanket and all six then go to sleep in regrilar pnon-fithim, in which position we sleep until about mid night, when the command is given to change position, wbicli is done" iri regular military style every man feeling tlie importance of obeying orders to prevent being squeezed too tightly by his comrade; Importakt to Foot Soldiers. 1. Blis tering", burning, soreness and tenderness of the fed rliay almost invariably be prevented, even when marching for days together and over a heated road, by soaping the sole of the stocking that is, covering it with a thin cvtating of the cheapest brown soap. This, at the same time, keeps the skin of the sole coot, hardens .it, and prevents inflammation. Coarse cotton socks aro the best for walking. 2. IKm't wear woolen socks when march ing, not even tliin one, no matter in what climate. 3. The toot or shoe should have a thick sole ; it is not sufficient that tbey should be simply double-eoled." - Tho soles should bo at lct half an inch thick; if three fotmhs of tm inch, or an inch, all the betfet; they are more" expensive, but if well made will last a long time, and even in the warm est Weather will be found cay to walk in, the feet easily becoming accustomed to their weight. "Tbt So." Sature makes rverr man love all women, and the trivial matter of qxcial choice is the ennnnoaet acrtdeni LATEST BVTELEdllAPIl! THE WAK NEWS. WAsmsfiTOK, May 11. Tho Virginians are fortifving at Harper s Ferry. Reinforcements are constantly arriving, including troops from South Carolina. It is reported that the Maryland Legislature adjourns May 13th until June 4th. The Virginia troops near Harper s Ferry took a lot of horses and cattle-. St. Loi-is, May 10: Gen, Frost's brigade of Missouri militia surrenderee unconunioiiaiijr u. Capt Lyon, of the Federal forces, in this city. While the State forces were drawn up be tween two line of volunteers, several rocks were thrown at the volunteers, and pistol shots were fired: - . One hit the leg of Capt Elantowsky, who ordered the forces to fire. . Thirty were killed and seven wounded. Immense eacitement exists among the citi sens. Two hundred men have leeu selected to pro tect the Democrat and Anzeiger oltiees from the nioTi. St. Loris, May 11. General Frost asks his friends to keep the city quiet, as disturbances would prejudice the safety of the State troops. General Harney has arrived and has taken command of the Federal forces. Judge lluckner stabbed Or. George Sanderson last night probably futally, about tbo Camp Jackson affair. St. Lous, May ll. The Federal fortes now possess Camp Jackson and appurtenances. Vol unteers occupy the Pacific and North Missouri railway depots. The police aro preserving order amid much excitement Gen. Frost's staff and State troops are at tho arsenal. WssitixoTOS, May 11. The Cabinet have decided to sustain the Unionists in Virginia, Tennesseo and Missouri w ith prompt and etli cietit actloh. . A battalion of Louisiana troops left Richmond on secret service. Alexandria is occupied by one thousand seces sion troops. The President is daily receiving hearty re sponses from Tennessee, Kentucky and Mary- land. A brigado from fitch of these States is soon to take the field Wheeling, Virginia, proposes to put fivo tliou- I sami men, luny uquippeu, uuo uw iicm ior wit Union. Government refuses to accept numerous offers i of privateers against seceded States, j Secretary Cameron has received proffers of twenty thousand more men than asked for. Eighteen hundred Ohio troops are on thoir I way to tho capital. Col. linker's Culifotnia regiinciit has been ac l ccpted. Wasiiinotov, May lli Winaiis' steam gun I was sci.ltd by Gen. Hutlcr. Orders have been (riven to arrest Winans. Every olllccr is order ' cH to treat vigorously all traitors. Trouble is anticipated at Cairo. The Government has or i ilered the concentration of a large body of West em troops there. Nkw Voiik, May 11. Tho Great Eastern has j arrived, with Liverpool advices to the afternoon ! of tiie 1st inst, via Milford Haven. I The Southern Commissioners have arrived in England. Gregory's motion in the House of j Commons, relative to tho recognition of tlie , Southern Confederacy, has been postponed for I two week , . I Ahiciican vessets, homeward hound, arc in ; sured at four guineas, covering war risks. li.u.TiMouK, May in. Tho western train was stopped by tbo Virginia troops ten miles west of Fredericksburg, and examined. The same will be done to all western trains. Four hun dred Virginians arc strongly posted at that point A train of western cars, with a lot of horses and loo beeves, bound for llulliiuorcj was cap tured at Harper's Ferry. MoNTiioMKiiv, May 1 1. Ochiltree, of Texas, introduced a resolution instructing tho commit tee on Indian affairs. Itrooke, of Mississippi, reported a bill establishing tho Patent Office: A secret session then followed Subsequently secresy was removed from tbo message of the President, coniiminiciitiiig a copy of a letter from John A. Campbell, formerly Judge of the Supreme Court, which he addressed to Seward, pending negotiations with the Commissioners at Washington. Campbell acted as voluntary in termediator between the Governments, to. pre vent collision, and charges Scwa.d w ith dupli city. The whole correspondence is interesting. I Another message was receivcil irnni the rresi j dent, recognizing Cliiiginan as Commissioner from North Carolina, ami conveys assurances thnt Xorth Carolina will soon co-operate. Cling, man was invited to a seat in the public and se cret sessions and discussions of Congress. A resolution was adopted providing payment, by the Confederacy, of South Carolina troops under Reauregard. Many appointments of judges, attorneys snd marshals were confirmed by Congress. PiiiL.tn'tfLPtti.t, May. 11. Considerable cotfon is at Old Point Coin for t taken from' secession vessels. Maryland has four regiments ready for ser vice for the Federal Government. The Govern ment is negotiating for the Great Eastern. It is reported that the Government unresistcilly took possession of the Alexandria custom-house I-'rom Montgomery. Montuomehv, May 8. Congress was most of the time in secret session to-day. It is understood that it was engaged in ma king arrangements for a vigorous and successful prosecution of tho war placing the Southern Confederacy iu the best possible condition of defenso. It is also understood, contrary to w hat has been supposed, that the Confederacy has under its control a sufficient quantity of arms, ord nance ami ammunition of every description, to put into .the fiel.l, on a complete war footing, one hundred and fifty thousand men for a year's campaign. Montuomehv, May 9. Nothing done in pub lic by Congress to-day. An act, passed in se cret session, to raise an additional force to serve during the war, and to authorize the President to accept tho service or volunteers without re gard to the place of their enlistment Another act was made public, which authorizes tire Postmaster-General to issue his proclamation any day he may select, taking entire charge of tlie postal matters of the Confederate States. WAsnixorox, May 10. Parties representing the owners of propellers navigating tho North ern lakes, propose to bring their crafts down the St Lawrence and the Atlantic shore to assist ii) the blockade of the Southern ports. The Government has just been put in posses sion of important information in relation to tlie movements and operations of the rebel army. Their exact motive has not yet transpired, but the Government is taking advantage of it and will be ready, in three or four days, to meet the Confederate forces at every point It appears that a large force is now marching from the South for Harper's Ferry, and from thence thcy.wi'd attempt to force their way into Pennsylvania; their object being to draw off the forces concentrated at Washington, and attack them at both points. The Government is in possession of very im portant information from reliable sources, hav ing agents in every Southern State, and arc ful ly posted in regard to all movemcntsv Mr. A igfail, in a letter to a friend in Wash- ihgton, says in great confidence, that the Con federate army will capture Washington. Lin coln, and his Cabinet, unless they leave before the middle or June. He says they have nearly 10", (Hid well armed troops, and m less than two weeks will be on their way to Washington, and expect ta winter in Philadelphia. The Times has advices per the" Kedar, that the Secessionists have a battery of 68 poundurs at the month of the James river. The steam tug Ytce was fired1 on, but the shell passed over her. The tents of the seces sion forces, line the w hole bank of the river, and are distinctly seen from the ramparts of Fort Monroe. Col IHrhick fs mounting ten inch columbiada and barbette guns on the land side Of the fort, to be protected by sand lag entrenchments. The big gun Rodman, formerly the Floyd, is mounted to sweep the bay. (Dnr jltto bbtrtisrfcuiifs, HARDEE'S TACTICS! A NEW EDITION OF 10,000 COPIIj "WITH ENGRAVED PLATES, will be issued in a few days from the Southern Publishing House Ill'TTO & FRIlLIC.lt,' . Memphis, Tcnn. Xd biffiHc frmix thm Xorth tit South mutt ihjiend on hertrlf It will be furnished M ilurv Companies in quantities of !' or more at fit cents per copy. At retail the price will he $1.00. I u-ual dixcoiint to the tiadei Jjf" Orders acouuianied by the Cash will be promptly attended to, and orders will be filled iu se quence as received. Address lUTTOX k FREUCH, Southern Publishing House, Memphis, Tenn. May8, 1801. 49-tf. Envelopes! Envelopes! Confederate States FLAG ENVELOPES! HUTTON & FRELIGH'S, latb W. M. HUTTON & C0 Corher Second and Adains streets', Memphis, Tenn. Something New, Good, Neat and Itoilllv IIllilllNOllKM No mere straight lines, like a straight jacket on ail Envelope, hut A liKAl THTL KI.Atl ararcfullii toll-ilia to the brcerr, with room on the upper ri'ht hand comer, not only for a stamp, but a nice caul, lor iiiercliaiita and other. Every merchant should order ono or tiro thousand ; Hotel-keepers twice as many; uteainlioaliiien a bushel of them; Hanks and Itnilroads as ninny as they please, anil, as even laid v will have them, tie shall fill order on the principle of "first come; first served." PRICES: Confederate Flag Enveloie, without Card, per thousand, Flag Envelope,' with Card, per thousand, " A 1.80 Confederate Fnig Letter Heads, perquhe, ' " Note Heads. " " $10 Oil I a I'll 7.1 cents: SO " In quantities less than one tliiMiwind, cent, additional: 5 per J'jS'" Hi-giihir discount to the Trnde. , ti?" Orders accompanied by the Cash promptly attended to. .' These chvflopcs are PHIXTED ONLY at the Girut Soufifrti J'Hliihnq and Jth Pr'nitittq Etab: ,. of HUTOX A 'FIIEI.IG1I, Second Street; near corner of Adams,- adjoining Calvary t'hiuch, Memphis, Ten'n., where belter work la done in the JO1 PRIXTISd LISE thmi chetrltere in the Smith. t"Also, Flag Iiiidgis on nliitc silk beautifully colored. April 21; ISt'.l. 47-tf' Administrator's Notice. rETTEIIKnf Ailtiiiniflratioii on threshitc of Wii-' J limn I'rown, dei d, lute of the t'ounty of La fayette ami Stale of Mississippi, having tieen granted to the undersigned by the 1'rolnite t'oiut of said Coun ty, at the April Term thereof, IKiil, all persons indebted to said csiit t Ir'-rehy required to inalrs payment to me; nml all person.' having claims iigaint said est ite an notified to present thi-in to me, duly aiitlienti.-iited, within the time pu-su-ihed ti y law, it the same will be haired. WILLIAM MVEK, AdmrV April 21, Isi'.l. 47 -uw: A Distinguished Gentleman ON hW way fioin TYaidiiuKton, consulted me Ity rig nd to piles; iihiii examination I told him I hud never seen a worse ease, and advised hiln to fron-' Milt otheis. He went on to Moliileaiid Xcw Orleans, nml cniiMiltod atu-5eons there, returned and got me to remove tlu-iu. Alter opt-ruling. he sent for a friend nf his who bud Keen told that he could not be ciireil, mid t iiieniteil on him. lie sent a third, mid I oper ated mi him. A geiilh iiiiiii of this vicinity, utter visiting a distinguished suigeon South, ami nas senf home u a lmpclc ease, called January 2d, and i operated on him with perfect success. 1)11. .t. V. CLOl'TOX in.ir be consulted at llitutsvillcj Alahama. April 2-1, 18itl. 47-ly: " KEEP COOL. Ar (is IE KYXOMisi would inform his cus f f toinei-s, mid evcrvhodv else, that he hii hi.- Ice iioi'sk full of Pure Crystal Ice. 'ii around, all thoe who wish to keepcisd, at the Xoith west coiner of the public npiare, Oxfonl, Miss. W. . KEVXttl.KS. April 17, lSfil. 4u-:iin. JlOOT GUSTAVUS C. "WEEBEIl, North-et aide of the Square', OXFORD, MISSISSIPPI. Y70CI.1 inform bis old friends, and the pnbl'6' irenerullv,' that he continues to maiiutacture the lihsr quality of IIOMK-MADE Boots and Shoes.- Believing tliat hi work lias bctn thoroughly tested in this place, lie liopea to receive a liberal patronage, confident that Uo can jriv eVbfaction.' Students of Ihc Univcrsftr, And all in need of GOOD BOOTS or SHOES, will find it to their comfort and general Interest to patro nise O. C. WEBBER, Entt of the Priel Rlnrttmith Shop: April 17, ' 46-7 SHEMFFS SALE. "lAniEREAS, there was committed td fiV Jail 6f V V Lafayette County, Mississippi, on the 27lli ty of Scptenrlier, I860, as a runaway slave, a negro man who says his name la JIM, and Itiat he Ix-long to John Mct'arty, of Meiuphia, Teoimeee; and the said Johu llcCarty havrng-tjeea written to, at Mcmphr-Tennesie-V and said negro man JIM having been ad vertised in the "Oxford Mercury," a newspaper pub-" lished in tlie town of Oxfonl, for the time prenvi ibed by law, and no owner appearing to claim mid negro JIM, I, therefore, la acrortlanee with tlie Statute of the State of Mississippi, in Mfch case made and pro tided, will acll said negro boy JIM af public auction, at the Court-house in Oxfonl, on the 4th day of May, 1HI.I, to the highcift bidder, for cash, for the purpose ot paying Jail Ice, e. - VY. S. McKEE, Sheriff, c. April 1, 1861. 44-tds. Administrator's Notice. LETTERS of AflmimVtintioB apon the rotate of Kxckicl E. UordoV, deeeased, having been grant ed to the undersigned bf the Trubate Court of Lafa yette C-oinity, Mississippi at the lust Maivh Term, all persons iuUcUeU to mid estate are hereby required tit make payment to me ; and all persons having claims against said estate" are notified to present tlu ni to me, duly authenticated, within the time prescribed by law, or the turtle win be barred, SAMI EL K1RKWOOD, Adm. Apifl S, 1861. - 44-6w. W( F. AVENT'S - EXCHANGK, rErOrITV - - - ' ant) .-.. - Collecting Office OXTOllD, MISSISSIPPI 'm: f.5r"EieIii-,gc bought anil sold on all Eastern cities7,. Memphia, Charleston, New O.k-ans, St. Louis, Lotfis ville, and (im-innati. Ornt'K jn the new Mok on tlie Xorth-wrst corner of the square. March 13, 1S61. " ' " 41-tf.