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Che north Mississippi Herald
A WEEKLY PAPER WORTH WHILE “THE LOVE OF COUNTRY GUIDES.” THE ONLY LIVE PAPER IN THE COUNTY VOLUME XXXI WATER VALLEY, YALOBUSHA COUNTY, MISSISSIPPI, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 1919. NUMBER 40 BLOODSHED AND RIOTS OPEN STRIKE OF UNITED STATES STEEL MILL WORKINGMEN Seven Shot in Riots at Big Carnegie Plant — Union Claims 400,000 Men Are Out and Strikers Gaining Every Day. Many Mills Still Operating, While Many Were Forced to Close. MONDAY—FIRST DAY’S REPORT Newcastle, Pa., Sept. 22.—Seven persons were shot, one probably fatal ly, in rioting which broke out at the Carnegie Steel Company’s plant here late today. The trouble started when a crowd of about 400 persons attempted to prevent mill workers from entering the p ant. About 20 workmen were being assaulted, when the mill guards, consisting of a number of deputy sheriffs, came to their rescue. The mill guards were met with a volley of bricks, stones and clubs, They drew their revolvers and at tempted to hold the mob at bay, but the shower of missiles continued and the crowd refused to disperse. When the situation appeared to be getting beyond control, the guards are alleged to have opened fire on the crowd with their guns. Two wo men were shot. A man shot through the stomach is reported to be in a local hospital. Pittsburgh, Pa., Sept. 22.—The op ening of the strike in the iron and steel industry of the United States found both sides in the bitter strug gle claiming the advantage after the first day’s skirmish. The steel cor poration, against whom the brunt of the attack was made, was able to op erate most of its plants in the Pitts burgh district, according to officials of that concern. What tomorrow will bring forth they could not say, but they expressed confidence that in view of the fact that the steel workers did not cause a general tie-up, as was pre dicted in some quarters, they would have more men at work on the second day than the first. The union leaders at headquarters of the national committee of the steel workers declared that they were high ly pleased with the answer made by the thousands of organized and unor ganized men engaged in the industry. William Z. Foster, secretary of the national committee, predicted that the intensive campaign to unionize the plants, not only of the steel corpo ration, but independents, as well, would resu't in bringing many more thousands out on strike. SECOND DAY’S REPORT Organized labor gained ground in Chicago, Youngstown and other west ern centers on the second day of the great steel strike, which was marked by increased violence but, according to officials of the United States Steel Corporation and various independent companies, made but little headway in Pittsburg and other eastern mills. From the south were received decid edly conflicting reports such as from Birmingham, where union leaders claimed 4,000 men were out and plant officials asserted there was such a surplus of labor that hundreds of men were set to sweeping floors for lack of other tasks. In the Chicago district, where union leaders claimed an additional 10,000 men had gone out, more steel plants were closed in South Chicago and Indian Harbor, although at the latter p’ace officials of an “independ ent” explained their shut down had been ordered merely to avoid respon sibility for industrial warfare. Yes terday only the Gary mills of the Uni ted States Steel Corporation, .omo small plants in East Chicago and five independent mills in Hammond at tempted operation. In the l oungstown district proper strikers achieved their most marked sqecess, causing complete suspension of work in every p’ant on the Mahon, in Valley by calling 44,000 men away from their posts. < Union leaders heralded a spread of the strike, declaring that whereas only 284,000 of the half million work ers affected had marched out of the mills on the opening day, their ranks now numbered 327,100. They pre dict that today or tomorrow would see the closing of many more p ants, and announced they hoped to extend the strike to Great Lakes seamen ar\d union trainmen. Industrial leaders, while withhold ing their own figures, challenged the claims of labor’s leaders. Represen atives of the Carnegie Company, the largest subsidiary of the United Sfkites^ Steel Corporation, declared that the situation was “much improv ed.” An estimate was made that in the Pittsburg district alone 21,000 men had returned to vat and furnace. Rioting at Pittsburg. Pittsburg, Pa., Sept. 23.—The first serious outbreak in this city since Ihe strike began occurred tonight whan one man was probably fataily injured, a special policeman seriously hurt and several others were injured in a riot in the Lawrenceville mill district. Conflicting claims as much at va riance as those given out the opening day of the big steel strike continue to be made by the contending forces in the widespread industrial contest now being waged. The leaders of the organized work ers boldly claimed today that the strike is spreading and that thousands of men who worked'yesterday joined the wa kout today. Predictions were made that plants still in operation would be closed tomorrow or Thurs day and that no gains were made iny where either by the United States Steel Corporation, the principal fac tor in the struggle, or by independent concerns. Representatives of the Carnegie Steel Company, the largest subsidiary in the corporation, admitting that some of its plants were closed be cause of the strike, c’aimed that the situation was better than yseterday. According to an authorized summary of conditions within the Pittsburgh district, more men were at work at Homestead, Clairton, Duquesne and other places. WEDNESDAY — THIRD DAY’S STRIKE REPORT Reports from all steel centers recorded little change in the align ment of the opposing forces of the abor unions and the steel companies. At Birmingham, Ala., the strikers gained. At the Mahoning Valley of Ohio the strikers’ success is complete. The in dustry, which is the backbone of Youngstown and a score of neighbor ing villages, is paralyzed and all its 14,000 wage earners idle. Elsewhere the struggle is being carried on with varying success, the issue still being doubtful on the great strategic sec tors radiating from Pittsburgh and Chicago. * m the Pittsburgh district the Car negie Steel Company announced yes terday that the situation “looks good” and backed up its opinion with claims that men were returning to work tn considerable numbers. As usual these claims were stoutly de nied by William Z. Foster, chief of staff for the unions, who reiterated his assertion that the strike was spreading, claiming that two addi tional large plants had been c’osed and that Homestead would be idle by the end of the week. The strikers placed pickets around various plants for the first time. The situation around Chicago is more definite than that in the Penn sylvania region. A majority of the mills are closed and "those which are still operating are doing so with re duced forces. The threatened sympa thetic strike of the lake seamen seemed nearer as the resu’t of the refusal of the crews of 11 ore freight ers to dock their vessels. In the meantime the United States Senate committee which will investi gate the strike is preparing for its first meeting today, when John Fitz patrick, commander-in-chief of the strikers, will be the principal wit ness. It was reported from Wash ington that this committee would also investigate charges that Secretary Foster has I. W. W. affiliations and that there are more sinister motives involved in the strike than the ques tion of labor unionism. Rioting and disorder still mark the progress of the struggle, but so far only sporadica’ly. The latest out break occurred yesterday at Cleve land, where four men were stabbed in a battle between strikers and non strikers, two probably fatally. At Farrell, where the gravest disturb ances to date have been reported, the town executive, Burgess Moody, is under special guard as the result of numerous threats against his life, and the streets are patrolled by large forces of state troopers and . deputy sheriffs. PHYSICIANS WANTED TO FIGHTTHE FLUE Dr. Leathers Issues a Card That Will Be of Interest to , the Doctors. That the public health authorities are watching the Influenza and will take every step to fight its spread should the disease develop this fall, is indicated by the fact that Dr. W. S. Leathers is now arranging for physi cians to serve in the suppression. Dr. Leathers yesterday issued the following to the doctors of the state: “Surgeon General Rupert Blue, U. S. Public Health Service, wires Dr, W. S. Leathers, Executive JQfficer. State Board of Health, t<^aecure names of one hundred physicjans who will volunteer to serve for the con trol of Influenza in the event this is necessary. The remuneration for this service will be $200 per month, in addition $4 per day for subsistence, and also traveling expenses. “This will be a purely voluntary service on the part of any physicians desiring to help the State in such an emergency. I sincerely hope the phy sicians will respond to this call so that we may use them in fighting Influen za, if conditions become such as to warrant the State Board of Health in calling upon them/' COM. P. P. GARNER IN THEUMEUGHT Attorney General Collins Raps Price Schedule—He Favors Criminal Action. — Believes Penitentiary Sentence the Only Thing that Will Break Up Alleged Trust of Cotton Oil Men. Jackson, Miss., Sept. 23 —Attor ney General Collins declares that in his opinion the recent declaration or statement of cotton seed prices by the “permanent committee” as given out recently, is an echo of the old and notorious “Piato” organization. Discussing the question Attorney General Collins observed: “If the farmers of Mississippi se’l their seed at the prices the mills are now paying, a profit of at least $25 a ton will be made by the mills. I think that a civil prosecution will amount to little or nothing. The only proper way to proceed will be by af fidavit in a justice court or by indict ment by a grand jury, and I have ad vised a 1 persons who have written or telegraphed me on the subject that I will assist in ail prosecutions to the limit of my jurisdiction. “Penitentiary stripes are the only thing that will break up the cotton seed trust, and criminal proceedings ought to be instituted, where suffi cient evidence is secured, as provided by chapter 123, laws of 1916.” The statute refeired to by Gen. Collins fixes the punishment on con viction at a fine of not less than $100, nor more than $5,000, and imprison ment in the penitentiary for not less than one year nor more than five years. ,In other words, a conviction, fo lowing an indictment, is conviction of a felony, and as felony only can the court deal with it, it has no op tion. DEMAND GARNER’S SCALP. Lexington, Miss., Sept. 23.—Call ing upon the attorney general of Mis sissippi to enter suits against the oil mill men of the state for alleged vio lations of the anti-trust laws, urging Judge Elmore to reconvene the Ho mes County grand jury in ordsi¥ that certain evidence in hand con cerning local oil mill operators might be presented, and demanding the res gnation of P. P. Garner, Mississippi commissioner of agriculture, mer chants, citizens and farmers of Lex ington and Holmes County held a spirited meeting here today. R. W. Gulledge was made chap man and Noel White secretary. The motion for Attorney General Collins to start prosecution against the oil mill men was carried unani mously. A committee of five appointed to confer with Judge Elmore relative to reconvening the grand jury reported that he had called the jury for Wed nesday, when evidence tending to showf violations of the anti-trust laws will be placed before the body for action. Action against Mr. Garner, it was explained, w'as taken because of his apparent friendliness to the oil mill interests. - Prices “fixed” for cotton seed and sent out from Jackson several days ago, and which reduced the figures paid to $50 for hiil wagon seed and $53 for delta, aroused the Holmes countians to a high pitch of indigna tion. PRESIDENT WILSON IN MEMPHIS NEXT SATURDAY, 27TH Next Saturday Memphis will enter tain men of international prominence, principally in connection with the presidential party. Led in rank by President and Mrs. Wilson, the dignified and influential congregation will inc'ude the high officials accompanying the chief exe cutive’s party, such as Secretary J. P. Tumulty and Rear Admiral Gray son, also Senator McKellar, Congress man Hubert Fisher and his eight 01 ten associates on the House mihitary affairs’ subcommittee, Govs. Roberts, Brough, Bilbo and Russell and theii wives, six Swiss statesmen under G. Allenspach, chairman, as official rep resentatives of their govrenment and various other mi.itary officers and aides. The assemblage in Memphis Satur day of these national figures will be the result of a coincidence. By a strange freak of fortune the date for the presidential address on the league of nations coincides -with that of the final inspection of Park Field by con gressmen, with the date of the Tri State Fair, which probably caused one or two of the governors to come and the visit of" the Swiss delegation to make an economic study of fac tories and the cotton industry. NOT ENTHUSIASTIC. A nurse had just expressed her de sire to remain in France, when a wounded negro spoke up. “Lady, yo’ shore doan mean them words? If ah ever gets to Alabama one mo’ time, an’ thinks Ah’m gwine tuh even dream about dis hear coun try, why, Ah des gwine tuh set up all night long.”—American Legion. HH i CASTEEL MAY LOOM UP BIGIN SENATE “Antis” Organizing For Coun ter Attack—While Politici ans Friendly to His Regime Believe He Will Win Public Confidence by Breadth of Vision When Legislature Convenes. Jackson, Miss., Sept. 23—There are those in the public life of Missis sippi who are anticipating quite a lively time in legisiati /e circles, and 'at each wing of the capitol ere or ganization details are perfected, and incidentally some interesting political checker-board moves. With such sea soned o d-timers, especially at the Senate end of the combination, as [Dr. W. G. Kiger, ex-Gov. Noel, Sen ator Chris C. Dunn, Henry A. Minor, Will Clements, Walton Shields, Fred B. Smith, Albert Sidney Kyle, J. [East, W. “Annie” Ellis and others I who are outspoken and have opinions and ideas of their own, some lively cross-firing may be expected. There are those who are ventur ing the prediction that the recent oracular assertion by Senator H. H. Casteel, lieutenant governor nomi nee, as to how he expects to hand e himse.f in handling his Senate com mittee assignments when he assumes the gavel in that body, may turn out to be more or less upset by the mem bers themselves, when the time comes for a show of hands. In a speech delivered here in Jack course of which he spoke eloquently son a fortnight or so ago, in the of the outcome of the contest in which he was a figure, Senator Cas teel asserted In effect that while he “didn’t hav* nothin’ ^gain’ nobody,” and had no quarrel with those who had voted against him, “I know who have been my friends, and when it comes to making up my committees my friends will know that I knew them, and those who worked against me will a so know that I know them.” All of these plans Senator Casteel for fixing the committee assignments so that the makeup, and especially the important chairmanships, shall be 'so* framed as to brftig them in har mony with administration thought and idea's, may be recast. As a mat ter of fact, there is reason to be lieve that a working majority of the prospective senatorial body is now planning to organize a counter-at tack, throw down the bars of es tab ished usages and adopting a prec edent set by no less a body than the Congress of the United States, take the committee building prerogative out oi the hands of its constitutional head, and decide for themselves who shall be intrusted with the important committee work. On the other hand there are those who believe that as lieutenant gover nor and president of the senate, Mr. Casteel will show sufficient breadth and independence of action in hand ing the situation as will demonstrate that the public confidence in his abil ity and integrity has not been mis placed. It is by no means certain that there will be any attempted in surgency or upsetting of historic and time-honored precedent, even though there may be no obstacle in the way. either constitutional or statutory, for the carrying out of such a scheme. Stil , there is no telling what might happen, or what may result from a counting of ncses and beating of the brush between this and New Year’s Day. BAKER WARNS HOUSE ARMY COMMITTEE Says Without League Army of 509,000 Child’s Play.—Ev ery Big Nation Armed to the Limit. Washington, Sept. 23.—“Unless the league of nations is formed the peace time army of 509,000 proposed by the War Department will be only child’s play,” the House miiltary com mittee was told today by Secretary Baker. “Without the league,” he said, “ev ery big nation must be armed to the teeth and we will have the old story of the balance of power.” “The president,” commented Rep resentative Crago, Republican, Penn sy vania, “says we wid never have to send troops to foreign lands with the league of nations, but we never did under the balance of power.” "We are just returnnig 2,000,000 who were sent under the old condi tion,” said the secretary. Gen. Pershing has neither approved nor disapproved the War Department bill, Mr. Baker said, adding that the commander of the American expedi tionary force had been asked to form ulate his recommendations soon as possible. REPORT U. S. MARINES ARE LANDED IN FIUME REGION An Exchange telegram dispatch from Milan, dated Friday, quotes the Cornere Della Sera as saying that a party of American marines has land ed at Buccari, five miles east of Fiume. SIX-HOUR WORK DAY DEMARDOF MINERS Flat Sixty Per Cent Increase in Wages—Double Time Holi days—Want to Work Only Five Days Each Week. Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 23.—De mands for a 60 per cent increase in all mine wages, a limit of six hours upon the day’s labor underground, a five-day week with time and a half for overtime and double-time for work on Sundays and holidays and important improvements in conditions of labor were adopted this afternoon by the convention of the United Mine Workers of America. The conven tion then adjourned to await the re sult of the joint wage schedu’e com mittee with the operators of the cen tral cc mpetitive district, which opens in Buffalo Thursday. Should a satisfactoi-y new agree ment be reached by the representa tives of the miners and operators at this conference, the convention will be reconvened at Indianapolis to ac cept or reject it. Should no agree ment be reached in time to be ratified and come into effect by Nov. 1, a general strike of all bituminous coal miners in the United States will au tomatically ensue on that date, which may extend to the Canadian coal fields if the international executive board and the representatives of the Canadian district so determine. No Double Shift*. When a decided increase in wages is demanded to'meet the heavy in crease in cost of living he miners’ delegates were not less interested in providing regular employment for all members of the union through the year, voting not only to restrict the number of working hours to 30 per week, but also to prohibit the emp’oy p oyment of double shifts in produc mg coal with this aim in view. Acting President Lewis stated to day that he confidently expected that an agreement would be reached with the operators at Buffalo by negotia tion. “That is,” he cpntinued, “un less the operators see fit to disturb the entire domistic equilibrium of the country by refusing to negotiate on a basis of our programme.” SITE SELECTED FOR BIG PACKING PLANT AT MEMPHIS, TENN. Million Dollar Plant Will Be Erected For Cattle and Hog Slaughter — Will Kill 400 Hogs Daily.—Tennessee, Ar kansas and Mississippi to Supply the Meat. The site for the rnilMon dollar plant of the Memphis*Packing Cor poration has been selected. An nouncement to this effect was made Wednesday by a member of the plant committee, who said that the big abat toir, which will be the first step tow ard making Memphis a huge meat and cold storage center, would be located near the foot of Trigg Avenue in South Memphis. me plant ana grounds will em brace 25 acres and will be located near the site of the Sanitary Reduc tion Company. It will have the ad vantage of being only six miles from both the Union and Grand Central depots, situated directly on the Illi nois Central, Yazoo & Mississippi Valley and Belt Line railroads, and in dose touch with seven other main lines of various Railroads entering Memphis. At a meeting Tuesday of the board of directors of the corporation at the office of Holmes & Canale, attorneys, Bank of Commerce Building, counsel for the packing house industry, the site committee, composed of W. N. Taylor, James J. Carrigan and Phil M. Canale, was chosen. Quick action was reported by the committee and p'ans have already been drawn calling for a reinforced concrete daylight or half-glass plant of the most modern sort. It is planned to spend $375,000 on the abattoir alone and when completed it will oe one of the most sanitary and modern establishments of its kind in the Uni ted States. The site, it is estimated, will cost the corporation in the neighborhood of $150,000. Other moneys will bo expended in improvements, deveop ments, pens and more buildings as the plant gradually enlarges, thereby bringing the total cost to the neigh borhood of $1,000,000. M. P. Burt, an expert cold storage and baattoir constiuction man and meat handler, will act as manager of the packing house. It is planned to bring catlle to Memphis for slaugh ter from a radius of many hundreds of miles. Will Serve Several States. The plant will at first have a ca pacity of 400 hogs and 35 beef cat tle daily. It will serve Tennessee, Ar kansas, Mississippi and many other states which ship to Memphis for slaughter. The Quinine That Does Not Affect the Heed Because of its tonic and laxative effect, LAXA Tiva UKOMO QUIN INK is be Her than oidiuaty Siioe and does aot cause nervousness nor iug in head. Remember the lull name and tor the signature of B- W. UkOVg Wc RIGHT TO STRIKE IS DEFENDED BY LABORLEADERS Cummins Railroad Reorganiza tion Bill Denounced by Mr. Gompers—Plumb Refers to Possible Revolts. Washington, Sept. 23.—Three of the foremost leaders of organized la bor, before the Senate interstate com merce committee Tuesday, denounced in unqualified terms sections of the Cummins railroad reorganization bill which wou'd prevent railroad workers from striking. Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor, War ren S. Stone, chief of the Engineer’s Brotherhood, and Glen E. Plumb, au thor of organized labor’s solution of the railroad problem and general council for the railroad brotherhoods, in turn presented varying arguments but all emphasizing the single point that in their view no power could constitutional'y prevent men leaving work at their will. “I do not wish to live a single day after that right has been taken away from working men,” Mr. Gompers said with more than a touch of indig nation. He served notice to the com mitee that the anti-strike provision if enacted as law would not be obeyed. Would Make Law-Breaker*. “With a full sense of uny responsi- ' bility,” he told senators, “I say that I should have no more hesitancy about participating in a strike after its passage than I do now. It would not stop strikes; it would just make law breakers.” There was considerable reference to the Plumb plan, which provides for government ownership of the rail roads and joint operation by the pub lic and employes, when its author op ened his statement. He declared that strikes would be beneficial in the fu ture, because workers would use them to force down prices instead of merely to secure a greater share of the cost of production and allowing prices to increase. Puzzled senatorial questionaires dea t at some length on this theory, but did not shake his con clusion. Refers to Revolution. Likewise Mr. Plumb made refer ence to approaching revolution should “conservative labor forces” not se cure concessions of the type embod ied in his plan and this occasioned more querying. Mr. Stone attacked the Cummins bill in its entirety. Its committee on wages and working conditions he said, was a “mere b uff,” it cinched “Bu reaucratic control” cn the roads; it “distorted procedure of the interstate commerce commission in order to give the comission a mandate to fix rates on the basis of inflated capitaliz ation,” and had a transportation board “just to take the blame off guil ty railroad officia s for denying ‘rights to labor.’ ” I* Frankly Vicious. “Frankly vicious,” h$ said, “were its provisions against strikes in inter state commerce. It constituted “an implied repeal of the Adamson 8-hour bill” and its division of railroad sys tems, into 26 or 30 systems was illog ical and artifical.” “I’m sorry I haven’t had time to go more fully into study of \t,” he said in c osing his analysis and a roar of laughter swept the committee room. t VILLA PREPARING TO START A WAR Talks About Carranza Worse Than American Oil Operat ors Sometimes Do. Washington, Sept. 22.—Francisco Villa, “General in Chief” of the revo lutionary forces in Mexico, in a man ifesto for the nation a copy of which has just reached Washington, assails President Carranza as “a traitor” and calls upon Mexicans to join him in a new campaign against the regime of Carranza. This manifesto which is dated “en campamento” in Durango, begins: "To the large number of crimes against the democratic regime,against the tranquility of the country and against the security and welfare of its inhabitants, Venustiano Carranza has only now added a new otfense against the dignity and soveregnity of Mexico.” This new offense consists in permit ting American troops to cross the bor der in Juarez last June for which Villa blames Carranza and Genera) Ridriguez. COFFEEVILLE SCHOOLS OPENED MONDAY FOR 1919-20 SESSION, The Coffeeville High School opened Monday with more than 200 pupils, under Supt. F. A. Threlkeld of Sal tilo. The teachers are Miss Eliza beth Hagan, Mrs. Velma Gilbert, Mias Lummie Riddick, Miss Louise Bailey, Miss Ruby Sharpe, Mrs. W. C. Bran non, with Mrs. J. K. Morrison as music teacher. There is every pros pect of a splendid term with this splendid faculty.