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! FARMER AND PLANTER.
THE FARMER’S HARD LOT. How the Blgxrat Field On the Farm illay he Made to Give the Farmer Ample Return*. About ihe biggest field on the farm, judging by the prominence given It, is tlie “farmer's hard lot.” In fact,’ so vast and universal is it that fences cat* not restrain it. It knows no county, state or national lines. It is coextensive with the world’s domain. It is most in evidence during a close political campaign. The heart of men and women have been wrung, and the fountain of tears overflowed its high est. banks, at the picture of the toil we.rn farmer .and his hapless wife and child. Even farmers themselves have turned from their well-filled bays and bins, their glossy, sleek-eoated cattle, th?ir pantries and cellars overflowing with* good things to eat, and added their groans 1o that of the populace. For who will not conjure up injuries and abuses galore if he finds a will ing ear? And what ear is so sym pathetic as that of the politician seek ing votes? Even among farmers who have secured a modest competence there is a feeling that farming is not a lucrative pursuit; that the returns are not at all commensurate with the time, thought and energy expended. I have discussed the matter with many classes of minds,and have asked for the basis of their opinions. In nearly all cases the substance of the rt plies is this: “The townsman has a better house, beautiful within with artistic furnishings, and without with shrubs and vines. Poor indeed is tlie .street that is not lined with shade-trees. Good walks surround his home. 11 is house is heated by a furnace or with gas, and hot and cold water are always on tap.” To w hich the reply is, and must be: “The advantages arc only apparent. It would be well for you to spend fifteen minutes each day in getting acquaint ed with yourself. You say you cure infilling for looks or show, but only] solid, substantial comfort. The lat-J ter you profess not to have; the for mer you emphasize by placing first in your enumeration of the advn* , .tsjgcs of town life. With patience, * Skill and careful planning the cottage of the early years may be added to, as I the need impels. No matter howl shrewd a buyer the .wife is, the wom an who occasionally goes up to the city has the advantage in tasty and jiiubuc ouymg or one who does not. The traveled woman, other things be ing equal, can make one hundred dol lars go further in comfort, luxury and artistic effects than can the on traveled woman with $200. Spend a f< jv* dollars each year in getting away from home. As to trees and shrubs and vines, the farmer can have for the digging- liis choice from hundreds of plants, while the townsman foregoes Soibe" pleasure to buy the nursery ,1 nen’s choice of stock, which is in ferior to that qn the average farm. The shade trees of the street may be tfie farmer’s', also, with this difference i —they are far more luxuriant, , healthy and well proportioned in the country than in the city. Furnace heat in the country may be obtained for lens than in the city, and poor in deed is the farm that can not get an hbgKKlance of water for the house. Th<a occasional beautiful farm home you see was not built in a day. ’Twas . the slow accretions of years and the mellowing,maturing influence of time. The truly beautiful farm home comes to tie family imbued with a tender love for Nature. Here is a tree, shrub, vine or flower too beautiful to be seen but once. Its environments arc noted, and the conditions at the house made as nearly similar as possible, then it is carefully removed to its new- home. In its gratitude it sends out a. plenti tude of new beauty to gladden the eve. As time glides on, other plants are brought to bear it company, and soon the 6are, unsightly house is made a bower of beauty and elegance. Men admire its beauty, and iu time desire to buy it. Nothing can be made ;« ^*inely lovely as the place a^d executed for the love of the work alone. Ah, my friend, spend th| time you now give to fretful, * 8 frlwlisk repining in planning how to make your little place attractive, and in seeking better methods of doing your work, and you will And heaven right at your door.”—Farm and Fire side. SOIL EXHAUSTION. What Prof. Whitney, of the Deiinrt mient of Aarrlcult ore, Ham to Say On the Subject. \ Prof. Whitney, chief of division of soils, United States department of agriculture, makes the following statement: “I have never in my ex perience seen a ease in which one ■could say with any dcree of certain ty, or even probability, that exhaus tion was due to the actual removal of plant, food. It is perfectly safe to say that the condition of the so-called worn-out soils in the south is due not to ida factual extraction of plant food, ... “ r.. ■ ' ' but to the chemical condition hi which it now is. In which If is una vailable to plants, and that the, re storation of the fertility of that land must be not necessarily in the addi tion of plant food tothesojil^ but in bringing a bolt amfc changes in the physical conditions or id the chemical combinations as will encourage that natural weathering of the soil which brings the plant food ipto a condition in which the plant can port.” The authority quoted is a High one. and his words have weight. lie knows of no soil once fertile that has been cropped down to such a point that chemical analysis would not show the presence of great quantities of plant food. An unproductive condition of a field once fertile does not signify that plant food has been removed by crop ping to the point of exhaustion, but that the physical condition of that field has been permitted to become bad, or that the plant food in the soil is permitted to rest in such chemical combinations that plants can not use ii. jy clear conception of this fact af fects onr farm methods—if fertility were gone we should add all required to produce crops, where as if it is present we should seek to release it. There is no better way of keeping land fertile than by feeding all crops upon it, because manure is fertility pretty quickly available, and we are less dependent upon the natural strength of the soil. More than this, the incorporation of manure with the soil furnishes both physical and chemical conditions, that enable the plant to use some of the original soil elements. But we have a class of writers who assume that this is the only rational way, regardless of the fact that the Creator must have in tended that people eat something be sides meat and milk, and that grains, vegetables and fruits must be taken away from the farms producing them. If that be true it is a. narrow view that is taken by any one urging all to feed their farm products for the sake of the land's fertility. Other ways of maintaining it are open to us, and J’rof. \\ hitniy’s statement indicates a leading one. Half of the fertility of the crops now fed on the farm fails to get back to the land throug'h ttye ma nure on account of careless methods. 'J his is wdeful waste, because the plant Jood in it is so readily available, but it is mentioned to show thht, qiany, U stockman is far more dependent, upon the natural strength of Ms. land for plant food than lie realizes, and that which he does in part, and often un knowingly, another may wholly do by keeping his soij in gopd physical con dition through sods and fertilizing crops without any feeding upon the farm. The method is unsafe in care less hands, and a good supply of ma nure is the best key for unlocking ad ditional soil-fertility; but the chief need of farmers to-day is to recognize the importance of a good physical condition of the soil, and to regard it, rather than the amount of plant food they may l>e putting into the ground or taking out of it.—Farm and Fire side. POULTRY POINTERS. —Kerosene vour roost, upper and under side, once a week. —A hen is in her best, condition only when she is seten industriously at work. —The scratching room is a necessi ty iffthe best results we to be had in winter. —Excessive fatness leads to a sus pension of egg production, and pre disposes to certain kinds of disease.' —Do not allow your fitter in coop to become damp during the rainy season. Fowls must hare dry houses. —One of tint greatest # drawbacks with new beginners is the attempt *o crowd 50 fowls where there is only room for 2f. % A full egg basket, provided the basket be large enough, means plenty to eat and plenty to wear, along with some luxuries. — —Many a person puts the money into fr.ney buildings and furnishings for his hen house that ought fo go into fancy poultry. ! '*'• The best Way to manage a poul try business is to begin with at.few hens; keep strict account, and if they are well increase by decrees. —Beware of overfat, iilactive hens; they are most certain to be a spurce of trouble and at best are linprofita able stock to keep either for layers or breeding stock. —It is estimated that there will not bo one-third as many turkeys to mar ket this fall as is usually the case. This means a good priee for other kinds of poultry. —Almost any kind of hens will lay in spring and ea/rly summer, yet there is a great, difference in this respect The nearer we can approach to sum mer conditions the more eggs we will get in winter. / —Itememher that 'the waste from dressing a hen that weighs three pounds is as great as that from a bet ter fitted one that weighs fire or six pounds. Buyers liaye Learned this and want well-fittod valuers’ Home Journal. .... I 4 3/ (Jervtly? yj ^fVct s pi e a^s ajvt ly; / ^cts Berve-ficiaJIy; ^ctsitrxily asa-LaxaAivcr. Syrup of Figs appeals to the cultured and the well-informed and to the healthy, because its com ponent parts are simple and wholesome and be cause it acts without disturbing the natural func tions, as it is wholly free from every objectionable quality or substance. In the process of •jw** manufacturing figs are used, as they are j|f£A pleasant to the taste, but the medicinal virtues of Syrup of Figs are obtained 'i0 from an excellent combination of plants yy . known to be medicinally laxative and to act most beneficially. jf:.Miy To get its beneficial effects—buy the genuine—manufactured by the ■ _ • -ii ^ -Sa.r\' Fr^rxcisco, C&l, Louisville., Ky. rtew York.N.Y. For by &!! dru^^ists. Price- fifty cer\ts por bottle-. «- - - - - — - ■_ IMPROVED ON NATURE. The. Case of a Crooked I.ejs Which Was Successfully Handled by W7Ullam McKinley. A year or two after William McKinley had begun the practice of law at Canton, U., he distinguished himself in a humorous fashion in one of his first successful eases. As often happens in court, the humor was not merely for the sake of the joke, but for !fnr’ousT purP?7se. Mr Edward T. Roe, in . ^,he Life Work of William McKinley,” tells the story: 1 he case was a. suit against a surgeon, plaintiff charged with having set his leg so badly that it was bowed. Mc Kinley^ defended the surgeon, and found himself pitted against John McSweeney. one of the most brilliant lawyers of the Ohio bar. McSweeney brought his client into court, and had him expose the injured limb to the Pu7- , y®8 very crooked, and the case looked bad for the surgeon. But McKinley had both his eyes open, as usual, and fixed them keenly on the man’s other leg. As soon as the plaintiff was turned over to him, he asked that the other leg should al«p be bared. The plaintiff and Mc Sweeney objected vigorously, but the judge ordered it done. Then it appeared that his second leg was still more crooked than that which the surgeon had set. “My client seems to have done better by this man than nature itself did,” said Mc Kinley, “and I move that the suit be dis I?1?s .r, vvith a recommendation tb the plaintiff that he have the other leg broken and then set by the surgeon who set the first one/' _ Fond Mother—“I do wish you would look over some of my little boy’s sketches, ®nd give me your candid opinion of them. Ihey strike me as perfectly marvelous for one so young. The other day he drew a horse and cart, and, I can assure you, you could scarcely tell the difference!”—Punch. Girls who would buy titled husbands must have legal tender hearts.—Chicago Daily News. Get-Rieh-qnlek Scheme. .Tones—Green sent a dollar to a man who advertised a plan for making a quarter yield 300 per cent, profit in less tha* two minutes. Brown So? And did he get the detired information? “He certainly did. The man wrote and told him to take a quarter and cut it in two then he would have two halves.”—Chicago Daily News. Dropsy treated free by Dr. H. IT. Green’s Sons, ot Atlanta, Ga. The greatest dropsy specialists in the world. Read their adver tisement in another column of this paper. Schoolmaster—“Now, let us have ‘Little Drops of Water’ again, and do, please, put a little spirit into it.”—Glasgow Evening 1 lines. Pisa’s Cure cannot be too highly spoken of as a cough cure—J. W. O’Brien, 322 Third Ave., N., Minneapolis, Minn., Jan.G, 1900. “Who were those two women who just registered?” inquired the hotel proprietor. “Mrs. Mary McGinnis and her daughter, Miss Mayme MacYnnes.” replied the clerk. —Philadelphia Press. To Care a Cold In One Day Take Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets. All druggists refund money if it fails to cure. 25c. 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Tell City, Ind.—I received the free trial of Doan’s Kidney Pills. They are spleridid. I had an awful pain in my back ; on taking the pills the pain left me right away and I feel like a new man.—Stephen Schaefer. Mrs. Addie Andrews, R P. D. No. 1, Brodhead, Wis., writes : I received the free trial of Doan’s Kidney Pills with much benefit My little nephew was suffering terribly with kidney trouble from scarlet fever. Two doctors failed to help him and he finally went into spasms. His father gave him Doan’s Kidney Pills and from the second dose the pain was less He began to gain and is to-day a well boy, hiS life saved by Doan’s Kicmey Pills. WONDERFUL RESULTS FROM A FREE TRIAL OP THE WORLD’S GREATEST KIDNEY MEDICINE. j Ruddles Mills,Kt.—I received the free trial of pills. They done me great good. | I had bladder trouble, compelling me to get up often during night. Now I sleep well; no pain in neck of bladder ; pain in back is gone, also headache.—Jno. L. Hill. FREE FOR THE ASKING. : I B 1 j Foster-Milbitrn Co., Buffalo, M Y. Please send me by mail, without charge, : trial box Doan's Kidney Pills. 1 Post-office---_____ j State.—--_______ tCut out coupon on dotted lines and mail to ioatcr-ililLurn Co., iiullaio, N. V.) • i j WHEN YOU HAVE PAIRS IN YOUR BACK OR ANY MSEASEOnjERIBIfEY OR BLABBER ft -i ■ IT Will CURE YOU. I pRKXsot&sm I THE MAYFIELD MEDICINE MFC. CO. | Dropsy11 Removes all swelling in 8 to so days; effects it permanent cure in 30 to oodays. Trial treatment given free. Kathingcan be fairer Write Dr. H. H. Green’s Sons. Specialists. Box Q, Atlanta. 6a. A. N. K.-F 1943