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(Slafr Sawn of Itttufraal
p?ar? 3fa Sramtng N?ar By BENJAMIN F. TRUEBLOOD, President of the American Peace Society. HE year just closed has been full of events which give strong ground for belief that the era of universal peace is just upon us. Since the 1st of January last, no less than 22 treaties of obligatory arbitration have been signed. In the group of nations which have thus pledged themselves to one another to submit certain important classes of controversies to The Hague court for a period of five years are included nearly all the important powers of the world—the United States, Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Austria, the Nether lands, Belgium, Switzerland, Denmark, Spain, Portugal, Norway and Sweden and Russia. More encouraging than the treaties themselves is the strong pa cific spirit among both rulers and peoples which has produced them. The recent reference of the North sea Dogger bank incident to an in ternational^ commission of inquiry as provided in The Hague conven tion is of the utmost moment as a prophecy of the new era of practical peace which is just before us. Even ten years ago such a thing would have been impossible, and by this time the Russians and Britons would have been slaughtering each other by the thousand. The year has been full of important meetings of an international order, which bears witness that the nations, led by the growing senti ment of their peoples, are moving straight on the road to general peace. Chief among these gatherings have been the Washington national ar bitration conference in January last, the Mohonk arbitration confer ence in June, the large national peace congresses held in France, Great Britain and Italy, the interparliamentary union conference at St. Louis in September, held under the auspices and at the expense of our gov ernment, and the great international peace congress held at Boston in October, at which the government of one of the greatest nations on earth openly identified itself with the peace movement through the presence and address of its chief cabinet officer, Secertary Hay. The crowning event of the year has been the call issued by our government for a new inter-governmental conference at The Hague, to carry forward the great work inaugurated at The Hague conference of J899. Not the least significant fact of the year, to my mind, lias been the general attitude of the civilized world upon the sanguinary and dis astrous war between Russia and Japan. The painful lesson of this struggle has been taken to heart by the civilized peoples as has never been the case at the time of any previous war between two great powers. These striking facts of the year are sufficient to convince any thoughtful man that the spirit of the Prince of Peace, which has al ready produced such remarkable results in the ordinary social relations of men, is making its way with extraordinary rapidity into the realm of international afifairs. This new year will give us triumphs of this spirit, in practical ways, such as will surprise those skeptics who still persist in believing that violence is the natural order of things among nations. JOHN CHINAMAN AT EASE. The Celestial Is Dignified When He Casts the Cares of the World. With the summer weather the Chinaman comes before us profninent in his artistic silks and in his native nakedness. His tem perament also becomes a notice able feature to an observant for eigner and the manner in which he takes his pleasure contrasts mar velously with that of the energetic occidental human being, says the Shanghai Times. In the early hours of the morn jug, when the rays of Old Sol are tempered with the dissipating dews of the night, the wealthy na tive, as well as the worker of low degree, nujy be seen carrying the cage containing his favorite sing ing bird to the native gardens or other tree-embowered spot and listening in contemplative ecstasy to the joyous greeting which his caged friend pours forth to the coming glory of the day. As soon as the golden beams be come oppressive he retires to his domicile, whether to labor or sleep ’tis hard to tell. In any case, he is wise, for has he not caught the beauty of the grandest part of a summer's day, the majesty of dawn? Again, when sunset’s glow has fallen dead in the west, the Chinaman pours forth to his diversion. To stand for hours with waving fan on the curb of our city’s thoroughfares watching the procession of vehicular and pedes trian traffic a Londoner can ob tain from a lord mayor’s show, daily repeated, while a volunteer parade brings him forth in num bers proportionate to the metrop olis’ myriads called out by a royal pageant. Thus, in dignified, contemplative manner, does the Chinaman dis play his idiosyncrasy of pleasure taking. Again the native of younger blood, imbued with a tinge of foreign taste, rushes madly through the streets on whirring wheel or drives, luxuriously reclin ing in his smartly-appointed car riage, behind the fastest trotting pony, steered by a reckless native jehu, which his means are able to procure. The visitor to the various public resorts of the Chinese in the set tlements will invariably gain an interesting insight into the China man and his pleasure-taking, and one strikng feature cannot pass unnoticed. Whether coolie, mer chant, office boy or mandarin, iu public the Chinaman at play is in variably respectable. One hears much of the native immorality, but decorum when iu the public eye. and absolutely moral behavior characterizeseven the biggest rake among the Chinamen of our settle ments. Drunkenness is a vice which is usually kept within doors, as are all other reprehensible prac tices. Quarreling is almost an un known thing in public resorts. Never does one witness anything approaching the college student of Europe on the rampage, or ’Arry and ’Arriet on a bank ’oliday tear. The Chinaman takes his pleasure as he takes his business, with a calm, calculating philosophy, whcih constitutes one of his great est variations from the habit of mind of the vivacious European. Out of the Ordinary. She—The man I marry must have accomplished something out of the ordinary. He—I’m your man. “Why, what have you done?” “Only last week I sold a new joke to a magazine publisher.”—Chica go Daily News. NATIONAL FLORAL E?/IBLEMS How Ireland’s Shamrock and Scot land’s Thistle Were Chosen Originally. The flower of our country is pop ularly supposed to be the golden rod, says the New York Herald. Some years ago when the choice of a national flower was left for the children in the public schools to decide by vote, the choice fell to the wild rose. But nine people out of every ten would tell you that the goldenrod was the one decided upon, and that flower is perhaps best suited for the purpose, for it abounds in all parts of the United States and is rarely found in any other country. In' England in the fourteenth century the national flower was the broom, or planta genista. It w as not till the reign of Henry VI. that the national emblem came to be the rose. The story of Ireland’s shamrock is a very pretty one. St*. Patrick was one day preaching at Tara try ing to explain the doctrine of the trinity. Plucking a shamrock which w as peeping up through the turf at his feet, he said: “Do you not see these three leaves on the one stalk? Such is the doctrine of the great three in one.” From that time the shamrock wTas the na tional emblem in Ireland. The tale of the Scottish thistle is a very different one. In the reign of Malcolm, in the year 1010, the Danes swooped down upon the coast of Aberdeenshire by night, intending to surround and storm the great fortress of Staines. The first installment crept up bare footed and dropped into the moat, but they found they were not in water at all. The moat was dry and covered with a great growth of thistles, which stung their un protected feet and caused them to cry out unmercifully. The sound roused the sentinels and in a mo ment a volley was fired upon the Danes, who broke and fled. From this fact the thistle was given its high place in the esteem of the Scotchmen. France is the only country which allows a flower to appear in its na tional heraldry. But the fleur-de lis, or three lilies, is so different from most flowers that it does not seem out of place on the national coat-of-arms. Canada has adopt ed the scarlet maple leaf, w'kich makes miles of her woods blaze in autumn. The Japanese have the chrysanthemum, and fittingly, too, for the island is the birthplace of this gorgeous flower. From earli est time Greece has had the fra grant narcissus, and the pome granate blossom has been the flor al emblem of Spain. Switzerland claims that flower most difficult of all to pick, the edelweiss. Strikes in Russia. When strikes, occur there is no delay in dealing with them. Troops are mobilized at once. The printers in Moscow', for exam ple, struck last autumn. The strikers marched in procession along a few streets, clamoring for shorter hours. They complained that they had been compelled to work overtime and that no com pensation had been given for the extra labor. Gen. Treper, chief of police, issued a notice that an.v man refusing to return to work would be excluded forever from Moscow'. This stopped the move ment. Such notices have stopped similar movements elsewhere.— World’s Work. Church Bells Bing Time. A curiosity in the matter of bell ringing is to be met with at Ful burne, near Cambridge. The church bells there not only ring the hours of the day, but at inter vals also the date of the month. Thus, at 12 o’clock at noon on the 31st there would be 43 strokes. Difficult Problem. “You should compel your son to be self supporting. Make him live without your income for awhile.” “You don’t know him. I’d be glad if I could make him live with in my income for awhile.”—Hous ton I’ost. flown* of CittU aHjingo By DR. GEORGE F. HALL. Notwithstanding the fact that most of the world gauges every thing by its bigness nowadays, it is well for the thoughtful to re member the injunction of the old Hebrew prophet Zechariah, who said: ‘‘Despise not the day of small thing#. Nor the great apostle Paul’s appeal to the Romans: Mind not high things, but condescend to men of low estate. In the development of the human race God has always made much use of little things, like the rod of Moses, the ox goad of Shamghar, the ram’s horn of Joshua and the sling of David, the jawbone of an ass was an unusual and apparently insignificant instrument of war, but in the hand of Samson it mowed down Philistines like a modern machine gun. Don't condemn anything because it is little. The pen is mightier than the sword and the ballot is more powerful than the mandate of a monarch. From five loaves and two small fishes Jesus fed a multitude. A widow’s mite with God’s blessing goes farther than the fortune of a Carnegie without it. It is the purpose behind the gift that counts. PUT NEW TUNES IN ORGANS Shops in New York Where Crank In struments Are Refitted for Italian Musicians. This is the season of the rear when many an Italian organ grinder takes his instrument to the place where he can “getta the new tunes in.” There are several of these workshops in New York, says the New York Tribune, whose sole business is repairing and re fitting the “carrousel organs,” as they usually call them. Two or three are in Park row. In this city particularly do the grinders seem anxious for the latest popular airs. Many a grinder comes with his organ on his back for the new tunes. For the small organ he pays five dollars a tune and the operation takes half a day if the establishment isn’t particularly rushed. Usually he wants a tnne that is far more up to date than common repute would guess. Last week such a grinder came to one of the Park row establishments to have “Please Come and Play in My Y’ard” and “A Bit of Blarney” put on his cylinder in place of “I’ll Be, YTour Chauncey Olcott” and “Hiawatha.” This particular man was a cripple whose headquarters were at Bridgeport, Conn. He came to the ctiy, playing his own way, through Mount Vernon. The piece is transcribed by ear from piano music, the chief work men in the shop being musicians by training. They place the cylin der on a frame, which has an at tachment for showing the equal divisions of the cylinder’s circum ference, and with diminutive chis els, each in the position of a par ticular note of the scale, they punch the space that each staple is to occupy. The mechanical proc ess of inserting the brass staple is performed in another part of the little shop. The usual charge for putting eight new airs in a small “band” organ, is $25. Such an organ orig inally cost perhaps $50. Some thing very lively, such as a sail or’s hornpipe, is usually wanted. So, too, are patriotic airs, suited to the grinder’s clientele. Fre quently he asks for “St. Patrick’s Day,” saying that at many places his hearers will demand that he play that air, and will smash his organ if he hasn’t it. “The Mar seillaise,” “The Watch on the Rhine” and “Dixie” are w anted for certain parts of the country. “Yankee Doodle,” too, is a general favorite. Latterdav believers in the trauscendant value of being able to write the songs of a people ought to get a corner on this mar ket. .■■ ■ AMERICAN GIRL ON TENNIS “She Plays Harder Game Than Aver age Man,” Is Declaration of English Writer. Talk about the English girl’s staving power; it cannot outrival the American tennis girl’s. She plays a game which is harder than the average man’s, says the Corn hill Magazine. There is not a tech nicality she does not understand. She smashes her service in a way that makes one smile when one recollects the gentle, slow balls it used to be considered chivalrous for Adonis to drop before the weaker sex. She bewails her lack of judgment as though it were a serious moral dereliction if she takes a ball that her critics decide would otherwise have gone our. She plays in a costume appropriate to her view of the game. She is either hatless—under the sun—or if her own is not handy she bor rows any hatgear from an ac qaintance, masculine or feminine, which will crush down over her brow. Should her blouse be dec orated with a collar, she takes it off on the court before she com mences to play; if the said gar ment has not short sleeves to be gin with, she rolls them up to make them so. She wears laced, spiked shoes, and she lifts her foot to have the mud scraped from the spaces left on the sole, as much a matter of course as she drinks iced water between the games. Her petti coats, too,'are somewhat shorter than a kilt, and as she plays with much energy and a nonchalance with regard to appearances, one wonders if she would not have been rather better for a divided skirt. But through everything, wheth er it be victory or defeat, at the be ginning of the day or at the end, she is smiling, good-tempered, re markablv fair. She can even see I * good points in the girls from other clubs; the gibe about the feminine inclination to cheapen will not hold good with her. She has a sportsman’s admiration for stam ina, coupled with some of his op timism with regard to luck. “Well, maybe it will be my turn when I meet you next week at the springs.” was the answer of the vanquished after a hard-fought set of singles, as the two shook hands in the proper masculine fashion. WORK OF MICHELANGELO. Famous Sculptor Is Said to Have Re lied Almost Entirely on Fig ure and Draperies. Michelangelo relied almost en tirely upon form—the form of the figure and of the draperies, de clares St. Nicholas. He told Pope Julian II., when the latter request ed him to paint the ceiling of the Sistine chapel at Rome, that he -was not a painter, but a sculptor; yet, after he had shut himself up for four years—from 1508 to 1512 —and the scaffold was removed, a result had been achieved, which is without parallel in the world. Very wonderful is the work which Michelangelo spread over this vast area of 10,000 square feet. The fact that there are 343 principal figures, many of collossal size, be sides a great number of others in troduced for decorative effect, and that the creator of this vast scheme was only 33 when he began his work—all this is marvelous, prodigious, and yet not so mar velous as the variety of expression in the figures of which Jeremiah is only one figure, in a small side arch. ‘•I wonder why Skinflint sti ied law—he never practices it.” •‘Oh, yes, he does; he uses hi* knov ledge to keep himself out ot jail.’*—Hotvoit Free Press, His Own Attorney.