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R/.RrtOADS IN \w YSSINIA.
i~»H and France Planting Lines Further Their Con**’er cial Interests. At the end of December there took ’'s.'Jtce, in Paris, a general meeting of the Uior’uational Ethiopian Railway Trust aid Construction company, at which were present the directors of the French Jibutil and Harrar Railway company. The object of the gathering, says the New York Sun, was to consider the best means of reconciling the commercial in terests of France and Great Britain in Abyssinia, and in that part of Africa generally. The full details of the ar ranyiinoii »3 under consideration have not been made public, and probably will not be published for some time yet, as they are complicated and in some re spects conflicting. The French company was originally formed to construct a line from Jibutil to Harrar, with prolongation to Addis Abeba, the capital of Abyssinia, condi tional on the consent of Menelik. The French government votes a subsidy of 500,000 francs annually; but the French investor was still under the influence of the Panama catastrophe, and refused to come forward with tne eapuai ie quired. Much against its will, the French company had recourse to Lon don, and with the assistance obtained there the road to Harrar was completed. The question of the continuation to Addis-Abeba then came up; but the French asked too much. They not only wanted to assure their position as first in the field, but also desired to exclude all outsiders from Abyssinia. When Menelik, after the publication of the convention, came fully to realize its im port}, he obstinately refused to recognize a French monopoly of railway con struction and exploitation in his coun try, and deferred to an undetermined date the extension of the railway from Harrar to his capital. The object of the French being “pacific penetration,” other methods of overcoming the diffi cultly had to be found. The one that presented the best chance of success was the formation of an international enterprise, under the auspices of certain capitalists in Lon don, and the abandonment by the French government of the hope of turn ing Abyssinia into an exclusive French preserve. What the dift'er#ice to Menelik may be, if at some time he finds himself at odds with several foreign governments, instead of one only, over railway or other questions, say of gold fields, must be reserved for time to show. For the moment he seems to be under the belief that he can best exercise his sovereign rights over his own country by keeping out individual foreign in terests at all events those of countries which have become his neighbors by the occupation of adjoining territories. It was this consideration that caused him to give ready and favorable con sideration to the treaty with our govern ment, and which has inclined him to re ceive the German mission under Herr Ro^en lately decided on at Berlin. Among the articles of the project that was to be presented to the meeting of British and French delegates of the tw'o enterprises for railway and general de velopment in Abyssinia, is said to have been one for the neutralization ofjthat country with internationalization'of the Imperial Ethiopian railway, and an other under which Jibutil, in French possession, and Berbcra, in British con trol, shall become free ports. It was thought that these two proposals would be found acceptable to the entire body of delegates and all those interested, it being understood that they already had the approval of the British and French governments. In what light Menelik may regard this disposal of the resources of his country by outsiders is a matter the de velopment of w’hich will be extremely interesting to watch. It is said that he has lately come into possession of means that will enable him to hold his own. Employe Appreciated. An interesting item comes from Rochester, regarding Edward Kane, a Pullman porter, who has for several years been running on the night trains on the New York Central between Rochester and New York. Kane was taken ill several weeks ago and is now in the Presbyterian hospital at New York for treatment. The fact of his illness being learned by a prominent business man in Rochester, he imme diately made it known to other busi ness men, with the result that a fund of $250 was promptly raised among people who have traveled with Kane, and forwarded to him at the, hospital. This incident proves two things. First, that there are everywhere employes who are faithful to the company em ploying them and courteous to the traveling public with whom they come in contact; and secqnd, that the aver age American traveler does appreciate good service and courteous treatment, and7 is ever ready to show his appre ciation in a kindly and effective man ner. Locomotives in Greece. A company at the Piraeus, Greece, has gone into the manufacture of locomo tives. Thus far no locomotives have been constructed m any of the Balkan states. The engines in use on the rail roads there are all of German, English, Belgian and French manufacture. SPECIAL RUN FOR 70 CENTS Through Mistake of Railway Official Mew Jersey Man Got a Fine Trip. Through a misunderstanding on the part of the local employes of the Penn sylvania Railroad company and tha failure of the proper court officials to notify them of the discontinuance of court at May’s Landing, August H. Massey, a former saloon proprietor, of Newark, had a peculiar experience, says an Atlantic City report. Owing to the poor train service be tween that city and the county seat the Pennsylvania Railroad company runs a special train to the latter place every morning when court is in session, leav ing Atlantic City at nine o’clock. Judge E. A. Higbee has been bolding special sessions during the past few days, but announced the other aft^rifoon that he would not sit until next week. Not knowing this, however, the train crew caused the special train to leave the station as usual, and Mr. Massay found that he was the only passenger. When Pleasantville was reached and Judge Higbee did not board the train as usual it was learned by ihe conductor of the discontinuance of court, and he an nounced that he would take “Gus” back to Atlantic City. The local tavern keeper objected, however, and the con ductor. seeing his plight, finally agreed to take him to May’s Landing. Upon reaching the county seat Mr. Massey found that he could not trans act his business, and he boarded “hi? special” and was brought back to the resort. Now he is telling his friends how he rode in a special for 70 cents, and thinks he has a great joke on the railroad corporation. OFF RAIL, ON AGAIN, GONE Story of Miraculous liscape Made by Passengers on Limited Train. One of the most miraculous escapes in the annals of railway service was that which saved the passengers and crew of the' Chicago and Florida limited flyer between Macon and Barnesville, Georgia. From the story, as confirmed by offi cials of the Central of Georgia railroad, the tender of the limited engine jumped the track on a curve between Macon and Barnesville, bumped along for 17 ties, and then jumped to the track agin. It seems that a negro section hand saw the miracle, and waited with open mouth for a wreck. But there wras no wreck, and the train went on its way. When the negro told the story, no one would believe him. but on investiga tion it was found to be true. Deep grooves were found in 17 cross ties, and even the spikes in the rails wrere cut by the Render’s wheels, which were tem porarily out of place. As soon as a telegram was received in Macon from Barnesville saying that such a thing had really happened, another investigation was called for, and a confirmation secured by the officials of the Central. When told that the tender of the limited’s engine was off the track for 17 cross ties, the engineer and con ductor of the limited took it as a joke till they saw the evidence of it writh their own eyes. COULD NOT FIND “TIGE.” Irate Baggageman Thought “Buster Brown” Company Had a Dog Aboard. An amusing incident recently occurred on a train in Wisconsin, to which was attached a car containing the “Buster Brown” company. The manager was sitting back on the cushions, glancing idly at the latest war news, when the door suddenly opened and a man whose jumpers and cap indicated that he was the baggageman strode in. ‘‘Are you the manager of this com pany?” he asked, stopping before the man with the newspaper. “Yes,” replied the individual. “Well,” continued the irate trunk smasher. “I’m looking for that dog. You know as well as I do that it's against the rules of the road to allow dogs any where but in the baggage car.” “But we have no dog aboard,” said the manager, mildly. “What,” ejaculated the fellow; “I’ve read the papers, and I’ve seen your litho graphs. Tige is in both of ’em. Be sides. my wife saw the show last fall in Chicago, and she said there was a dog in it.” “If you must have Tige,” said the manager, “you’ll find him down in the other end of the car playing whist.” It took some time to explain to the baggageman that the role of Tige is played by a real, live man. American Railroad Mileage. 5 The railroad mileage in the United /States is increasing at the rate . of about 5,000 miles a year. At this rate in 20 years there will be 100,000 more miles of railroad in the country. If the country continues to develop dur ing the next 20 years as rapidly as it has during the last two decades, it will require fully 100,000 more miles of railroad to handle the increase in the wAlui2fi of traffic* COURTESY BEST POLICY In the treatment of Inferiors Espe cially Is Found the Test of One’s Breeding. The man or woman who treats equals with polished consideration and su periors with sauve deference merely practices conventionalities. The test of good breeding lies in the quality of treatment a man or woman accords to inferiors. Depend, when a man or woman is un kind and arrogant w'hen he or she comes in contact with inferiors, and especially with Inferiors needing assistance, he or she is inherently coarse natured. and not susceptible to refining influences. Moreover, when a person who occu pies a superior position is imbued with superciliousness when necessarily as sociated with those occupying inferioi business or social positions—he or she advertises the fact, through personality, that “superiority” is an acquired condi tion, and not a reward of merit or a condition of inheritance. ine person who is Dorn to superiority, is “used” to the conditions, and is not self-conscious in regard to the “higher level,” nor at all ambitious to amaze in feriors into a realization of his or her importance. The self-made person is too broad minded, as a rule—to assume a ficti tious isolation from those less fortu nate than themselves in the doings of the day. The self-made person is civil to su periors and inferiors—much the same as tlie usual person born to authority, as a right of succession. Neither the one nor the other is likely to take on the insolence exhibited by some of those who “rise” through accident or inci dent. When the person who is in charge of the gate that bars an applicant from the official is guilty of supercil iousness—the case should be accepted as “distemper” that will be outgrown in the course of experience. The employer who conspicuously ig nores his employes is as foolish as un civil. All that employes should expect from their employers is civility along with wages. Courtesy is so closely al lied to civility that the distinction is immaterial in the relationship of em ployer and employe. Fortunately the civil employer is more frequent than the other kind. In the service of either kind the chief pur suit of the employe should be a superior quality of work. This is the sort of recommendation that helps the employe into the service of an employer who is civil to his “help.” It should not be forgotten that the ?mpioyer who isn’t civil in his associa tion with employes pays for the priv ilege of simply considering the work accomplished by them. He buys the work—and the men and women who lo it are nothing at all to him. The employer who takes advantage af his privilege in paying for “work” to the exclusion of consideration cf his employes—also, in the long run, pays a large cost for his continuous perform ance of incivilities. His employes cannot feel a personal pride in their employer—hence, they have no personal ambition for his suc cess. They exchange a good and prop er share of work for wages. But they do not crowd their abilities into the largest material results in order to conduce to the ambition of the propri etorship to be a leader in commercial success. Always and in various ways, “it *,nys to be civil and courteous—and just.”— Chicago Inter Ocean. Cost of English Elections. “It is much easier to demaipl a constitutional government, as the sub jects of the czar of Russia have done, than it will be to get it,” remarks a critic. “Every general election in England costs at least $5,000,000. Every seat after such an appeal to the general electorate represents a private outlay of $7,500, of which sum the winning candidate has paid at least $3,500. And then his outlay is only beginning.” Wooden Fabrics. Certain fabrics are^eing made in Eu rope. the warp of which is composed of cotton and the woof of a thread made from wood pulp. These goods were in troduced almost four years ago. At the outset sheets of wood pulp paper were cut into finest shreds and twisted into thread by machines made for the pur pose. Lately the paper process has been abandoned, and wrood pulp is passed di rectly over gjjooved-metal sheets, form ing very thin ribbons, which pass in turn over a machine that twists them into a very regular thread of any desired length. Jupiter’s Moons. It has recently been discovered that Jupiter has one more moon than the astronomers have heretofore known about. Six moons! It lonk3 as though Jupitftr was forming a pioon trust.— From “In the Trail of the Traveler, ’ in Four-Track News. Berlin’s Bird Catcher. Berlin supports a professional bird catcher, who keeps scientific institu tions supplied with birds, nests anl eggs. He is the o^y man in the em pire permitted to da so. IN THE FIELD OP LETTERS. The old brick boose In Cincinnati In which Thomas Buchanan Read wrote "Sheridan’s Ride” Is to be torn down to make room for a factory. Several lady novelists are excellent speakers. Mme. Sarah Grand takes a high place In the list. Miss Marie Corel 11 is quite a gifted speaker. “Rita” could give points to many men who think they can make a good after-dinner speech, and “Ouida” can address an audience in three or four languages. Perhaps no writer of magazine Action can equal the speed record made by Ed win Lefevre. He produced 18,000 words between Saturday and Monday, all writ ten In longhand, for Mr. Lefevre doesn’t use a typewriter. The mere physical labor of penciling out this enormous quantity of copy would be no mean un dertaking in itself to many of the craft, but Mr. Lefevre is a newspaper man, the Anancial editor of a New York daily, and as such he does not consider a mere matter of 6,000 words a day a feat worth boasting of. In England, it Is said, competition in the trade is enhancing the prices paid to authors of the Arst class. To secure a book by a popular author nowadays it is often necessary to make arrange ments with him not months but years before it is written. There is one well knowu writer who, it is asserted, has Ailed up his programme of books with the publishers who are to produce them up to 1914. And it is one of the risk3 which publishers have to face that the author’s powers may have diminished or his popularity waned before the con tract is fulAlled. How a Woman Made a Success of the Home Vegetable Garden. Theory is the foundation, experi ence the finished structure. Garden W>oks as a rule run to the theoretical side and it is up to each one of us to buy the seed and accumulate the ex perience, oftentimes a most expensive proposition, especially in the vegetable garden; hence when a book appears that is practical and written by an amateur who can and does raise each year all the vegetables for the home table, it is bound to receive a warm welcome. “How to Make a Vegetable Garden,” by Edith Loring Fullerton, is a new book just published by Doubleday, Page & Co., New York City, at $2.00. It has over 350 pages and is profusely illus trated by half-tone reproductions of photographs taken especially for this book, which covers all phases of gar dening—the breaking of the soil, fer tilization, planting, growth, cultivation and even the preparation for the table, each vegetable story covering the housewife’s end of it by means of recipes for cooking and serving. Every portion of the book is thor oughly practical, being the story of personal experience from beginning to end. A very ingenious table is added, giving planting time, depth to plant, date of maturity and many most help ful hints.__ Often Thrown. Who lides Chance risks many a fall. N. Y. Times. A VOICE FROM THE PULPIT. Rev. Jacob D. Van Doren, of 57 Sixth street, Fond Du Lao, Wis., Presby terian clergyman, says: “I had at tacks of kidney disor ders which kept me in the house for days at a time, unable todo any thing-. What I suffered can hardly be told. Complications set in, the particulars of which I will be pleased to give in a personal ihterview to any one who requires informa tion. This I can con scientiously say.Doan’e Kidney Pills caused a general improvement in my health. They brought great relief by lessening the pain and correcting the action of the kidney secretions.” Doan’s Kidney Pills for sale by all * dealers. Price, 50 cents. Foster-Mil burn Co., Buffalo, N. Y. 1 I jitIHBff iMtN fffiMM/9 OUTFIT * YOU WANT ONLY THE BEST Cotton Gin Machinery Ask any experienced ginner about Pratt, Eagle, Smith Winship, Munger We would like to show you what thousands of life long customers say. Write for catalog and testi monial booklet. CONTINENTAL GIN COMPANY Charlotte. N. C.. Atlanta, Ga.. Btrmin<ham. Ala.. Memphis, Teen., Dallas, Tex. D E LAVAL CREAM SEPARATORS Save $10.- Per Cow EVERY YEAR OF USE Over All Gravity Setting Systems And $3. to $5. Per Cow Over All Imitating Separators. ■ 4 » » Now is the time to make this most important and profitable of dairy farm investments. ''Send at once for new 1905 catalogue and name of nearest agent. The De Laval Separator Co. Randolph & Canal Sts* CHICAGO 74 uoruanai Mr cm NEW YORK The First Step TWICE AS MANY GOOD REASONS AS YOU EXPECTED when the baby first came why you should watch the “little ail ments.’* Little things grow to big things in the baby's life. _ All baby ailments, little and big, can be averted by keeping it in PERFECT HEALTH WITH BrMcGee's Baby Elixir: It keeps the ston ach and Dowels right. Takes all the danger away from teething time. Makes LEAN babies fat and SICK babies well. Pleasant to take. Good for delicate women with sick stomachs. 25 cents and 50 cents bottle at your drug gists. Avcid all substitutes. Uayfi&iri Ueiiinjne Manufacturing Go., AsK for a 4^ QUALITYJS_OUR MOTTO! BEST BECAUSE VASA TOBACCO, I “305” and “Agents” 5c Cigars Are leaders of the World.