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Railroads and Progress.
In his testimony before the Senat# Committee on Interstate Commerce at Washington on May 4th, Prof. Hugo R. Meyer, of Chicago University, an ex pert on railroad management, made this statement:— “Let us look at what might have happened If we had heeded the pro tests of the farmers of New York and Ohio and Pennsylvania (in the seven ties when grain from the west began pouring to the Atlantic seaboard) and acted upon the doctrine which the Interstate Commerce Commission has enunciated time and again, that no man may be deprived of the advan tages accruing to him by virtue of his geographical position. We could not have west of the Mississippi a popula tion of millions of people who are prosperous and are great consumers. We never should have seen the years when we built 10,000 and 12,000 miles of railway, for there would have been no farmers wrest of the Mississippi River who could hare used the land that would have been opened up by the building of those railways. And if we had not seen the years when we could build 10,000 and 12,000 miles of rail way a year, we should not have to day east of the Mississippi a steel and iron producing center which is at once the marvel and the despair of Eu rope, because we could not have built up a steel and iron industry if there had been no market for its product. “We could not have in New England a great boot and shoe industry; we could not have in New England a great 'cotton milling industry; we could not have spread throughout New York and Pennsylvania and Ohio man ufacturing industries of the most di versified kinds, because those indus tries would have no market among the farmers west of the Mississippi River. “And while the progress of this coun try, while the development of the ag fricultural West of this country, did mean the impairment of the agri ^ cultural value east of the Mississippi River that ran up into hundreds of millions of dollars, it meant incident ally (he building up of great manufac turing industries that added to the value of this land by thousands of mil lions of dollars. And, gentlemen, those things were not foreseen in the V^JilLlCa. AUD o mi-wuiw*. V*-— - public men of this country did not see what part the agricultural develop ment of the West was going to play in the industrial development of the East. And you may read the decisions of the Interstate Commerce Commis sion from the first to the last, and what is one of the greatest character istics of those decisions? The con tinued inability to see the question in this large way. “The Interstate Commerce Commis sion never can see anything more than that the farm land of some farmer is decreasing in value, or that some man who has a flour mill with a produc tion of 50 barrels a day is being crowd ed out. It never can see that the destruction or impairment of farm values in this place means the build ing up of farm values in that place, and that that shifting of values is a necessary incident to the industrial and manufacturing development of this country. And if we shall give to the Interstate Commerce Commission pow er to regulate rates, we shall no long ed have our rates regulated on the statesmanlike basis on which they have been regulated in the past by tho railway men, who really have been great statesmen, who really have been great builders of empires, who have had an imagination that rivals the imagination of the greatest poet and of the greatest inventor, and who have operated with a courage and daring that rivals the courage and daring of the greatest military general. But we shall have our rates regulated by a body of civil servants, bureaucrats, whose besetting sin the world over is that they never can grasp a situation in a large way. and with the grasp of the statesman; that they, never can see the fact that they are confronted with a small evil; that that evil is relatively small, and that it cannot be corrected except by the creation of evils and abuses which are infinitely greater than the one that is to be corrected.” ANOTHER LIFE SAVED. Mrs. G. W. Fooks, of Salisbury, Md., wife of G. W. Fooks, Sheriff of Wico uiiuu v>uu u ty, says : “ I suf fered with kid C} ney complaiut T for eight years. 1 It came on me |K gradually. I L felt tired and ' J weak, was ! short of breath | and was trou bled with bloating after eating', and my limbs were badly swollen. One doctor told me it would finally turn to Bright’s disease. I was laid up at one time for three weeks. I had not taken Doan’s Kidney Pills more than three days when the distressing aching across my back disappeared, and I was soon en tirely cured.” For sale by all dealers. Price 50 cents. Foster-Mil burn Co.. Buffalo,N. Y. WASHINGTON LETTER EX-SENATOR CHANDLER A WAG GISH STATESMAN. ROOSEVELTS LIVE IN OPEN Late Senator Hanna Originated the A1 Fresco Breakfvjt—McKinley Fond of Taking Morning Meal on Veranda. A S H I N GTON. — There are few public men who get more fun out of life as they go along man aoes ex-Senator “Bill” Chandler of New Hampshire, for some years past the head. Of the Spanish Claims Commission. No puDiic question or any kiiiu arises inai does not interest Chandler, and on which he does not have his sav in one form or another, and to which he does not usually contribute illuminat ing thoughts and good advice. On the other hand, there is hardly a popular subject which does not afford Chandler a vehicle for his well known wit and satire. The ex-Senator has been having a lot of fun recently with candidates for the presidential nomination in 1908. He first sat down and wrote a letter to Vice President Fairbanks in which he praised the latter’s ability as a statesman, expressed admiration for his conservatism, predicted great popu larity for him as a candidate, and wound up by saying that he, Fair banks, was the ideal candidate for the presidency in 1908. In a minute hand Chandler added a postscript to the effect that he had written a similar letter to Secretary Taft, Secretary Shaw, Postmaster-General Cort^Jyou and Senator Foraker. . Mr. Fairbanks did not at first notice this postcript. and he sat down and wrote a very ap preciative reply to Mr. Chandler, thank ing him for the expressions of confi dence he had uttered, and saying that there was no warrant for the public use of his name in connection with the presidential nomination, but he was very grateful to Mr. Chandler for the latter’s proferred support. The waggish statesman did write similar letters to all the other candi dates, but attached the qualifying post script, and they all appreciated the humor, as did Mr. Fairbanks when his attention was called to the little joker. Secretary Shaw cut the postscript off his letter and sent word to Chandler he was going to use the latter in his campaign, and exploit the New Hamp shire man as the original Shaw man. Senator Chandler Kept Things Lively. T is said there is a prospect that Mr. Chandler may asain be sena'tor from New Hamp- i 3 s' VI shire. He would he welcomed back in the senate, where he wal one of the liveliest members of that rather som bre body. He was a good deal like a raising a commotion generally. Mr. Chandler wearied sometimes of the dullness of the senate, and he would purposely start a turmoil, in order to liven things up. On a particularly dull day, Chandler would nervously twist about in his chair, glance up at the press gallery, and* if he noticed some of his newspaper'friends there, would fgive them a glance, as much sis to say, “look out for some fun.’’ Then the Senator would inject him self into the debate, no matter what it was, and he wa3 invariably able to stir up the opposition and precipitate a vitriolic controversy/- It did not matter what subject'' was under discussion, Chandler could always use it as an ex cuse for saying something that would stir up the democrats. When Senator “Ben” Tillman first came to the sen ate he was Chandler’s particular victim. Tillman did not under stand Chandler, and, looked upon the latter as possessing all the narrowness and partisanship that the southerners had been led to believe characterized New Englanders. It was the rule, therefore, when Chandier prodded the democrats that Tillman would respond and get quite excited. The South Carolinian would get red in the face, and denounce various policies that Chandler and northerners stood for, and before the excitement was over half a dozen senators would be mixed jp, and some pretty tart repartee would be indulged. After getting things moving along to his satisfaction and having set a number of his colleagues by the ears, Chandler would quietly slip from the | chamber, chuckling over the row he had precipitated. He would meet his newspaper friends, who would thank him for breaking tho monotony of a lull afternoon and creating a scene in the senate chamber that made as Interesting news paragraph. Out Door Breakfasts at White House. OW that the warm, balmy spring weather has set in, the president and his family are enjoying their meals al fresco. Aa I a rule, they take ) their breakfast in / the open air, and unless- entertain ing a large num ■» oer or irienas, their other meals are partaken of in the same manner. The large, commodious portico on the south side of the white house is admirably adapted for these open air meals. Awning3 protect th6 table from the glare of the sun, but the breezes blow across the portico while the songs of the birds in the trees that shade the mansion and the scent of the flowers from the white house lawn add to the pleasure of the repast. The president and Mrs. Roosevelt qf ten have a number of friends to break fast on the south portico of the white house. Occasionally luncheon is served completely out of doors, but that is purely a family affair, and is largely in the nature of a picnic on the green lawn. The president i3 also very fond, after a tiresome day’s work in the executive offices, and a vigorous ride or walk through the suburbs, of sit ting down to dinner on this broad porch, where the breezes, sweeping up the Potomac, make the atmosphere delicious and cool, while the picture "stretches of the wrhite house grounds before him, framed by the green hills of Maryland and Virginia., with the placid Potomac and the green and the Mall immediately in front of him. affords him the deepest pleasure. These out-of-door dinners are lingered over with great satisfaction, and the guests often sit there smoking and chatting until the twilight fades into the night. Mrs. Roosevelt often has 5 o’clock tea served on this veranda, a custom that has come down from the time of Dolly Madison. This spacious stone veranda was the favorite place for the mistresses of the white house in the last century to entertain lady visitors at tea. at the Capital. HE late Senator Hanna, of Ohio,# w’as the originator of the al fresco breakfast. During the latter days of tne Mcivimey re gime, the Ohio senator occupied the Don Cameron house, diagonally across Lafayette square from the white nouse, attached to which is a spacious garden filled with flowers and shade trees. It was Senator Hanna’s custom to have his breakfast table set on a veranda just off this garden, a spot embowered with wisteria, honey suckles and climbing roses. President McKinley and a number of Senator Hanna's friends in the cabinet and :n the senate had standing invitations to come over to his house mi 1 take break fast The senator had an c!d colored cook In his employ who was a veritable queen of the kitchen. She made a corn beef hash that became famous through out official and diplomatic circles. Nothing like this toothsome dish had ever appeared on a Washington table. Its fame spread far and wide, and Sen ator Hanna never lacked for guests at his breakfast table. Two or three times a week Presi dent McKinley would walk over to Hanna’s house, and In the bracing spring air, amid the flowers, listening to the music of the birds and reveling in the celebrated hash, the late‘presi dent would throw' off the cares of office and thoroughly enjoy himself. Presi dent Roosevelt also tasted this cele brated dish, and insisted on obtaining the recipe from Senator Hanna, and since then cornbeef hash, a la Hanna, has been a standard breakfast dish at the white house. Mr. Roosevelt is a hearty eater, and desires plain, sub stantial food. In the spring of the year he wants fresh garden vegetables, and is very fond of the fresh Potomac shad, which he has broiled with a little of the roe. With the fish he eats a salad of water cress, fresh picked, which he dresses himself with a sprink ling of white pepper, a touch of salt and some oil and vinegar. At breakfast he drinks a generous cup of coffee, which the white house che^ makes to perfection. Old Norwich Custom. An ancient custom is still in for^e at Norwich, in virtue of which, on three days in the year, anyone can claim a substantial meal for nothing. The only qualification is that the ap plicants shall repeat aloud in St. Gile^’ church a prayer for the sov ereign’s health. Afterward they par take of a meal of broth, beef and bread, finished off with a liberal allow* aawe of beer. Just What She Would Do. She—What would you do, George, if you were left a widower? He—Oh, I suppose pretty much the same as you would do if you were left a widow. “Oh, you wretch! And you always told me you could never love anybody else."— Pick-Me-Up. Undisturbed. "Do you feel at all worried over the yellow peril?” “Not now,” replied the man who has hay fever. “I don't borrow trouble. The goldenrod won’t begin to blossom for two or three months.”—Chicago Record Herald. One Good Way. “And so Jimpson read his poem to you yesterday! How did you endure it?" “I just fixed my glass eye on him, and went to sleep with the other.”—Chicago Journal. Bad Beginning. "So the engagement’s off?” “Ves; she advised him to practice econ omy, and he started by getting her an imi tation diamond."—Stray Stories. BY MR. S. B. HEGE. B. & O. R. R. Passenger Agent, Wash ington, D. C., Tells of Wonderful Cure of Eczema by Cutlcura. Mr. S. B. Hege, passenger agent of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad in \vashing ton, D. C., one of the well-known rail road men of the country, sends the fol lowing* grateful letter in praise of the Cuticura Remedies: “Thanks to- the Cuticura Remedies, I am now rid of that fearful pest, weep ing eczema, for the first time in three years. It first appeared on the back of my hand in the form of a little pimple., growing into several blotches, and then on my ears and ankles. They were ex ceedingly painful because of the itching and burning sensation, and always raw. After the first day’s treatment with Cuticura Soap, Ointment and Pills, there was very little of the burning and itch ing, and the cure now seems to be com plete. I shall be glad to aid in relieving others suffering as I was, and you may use my letter as you wish. (Signed) S. B. Hege, Washington, D. C., June 9, *04.” It is well enough to profit by our own mistakes, but it is a good deal more profitable to profit by the mistakes of others.—Puck. Cures Eczema, Itching Humors. Especially for old, chronic cases take Botanic Blood Balm. It gives a healthy blood supply to the affected parts, heals all the sores, eruptions, scabs, scales; stops the awful itching and burning of eczema, swellings, suppurating, watery sores, etc. Druggists, $1. Sample free and prepaid by writing Blood Balm Co., Atlanta, Ga. Describe trouble and free medical advice sent in sealed letter. One discouraging thing about the max ims of the great is that they generally formulate thier maxims jafter becoming great.—Chicago Record-Herald. I am sure Piso’s Cure for Consumption saved my life three years ago.—Mrs. Thos. Robbins. Norwich, N. Y., Feb. 17, 1900. Even an electric button won’t accom plish much unless it is pushed.—Philadel phia Record. SICK HEADACHE Positively cured by these Iiittle Pills. They also relieve Dis tress from Dyspepsia. In digestion and Too Hearty Eating. A perfect rem edy for Dizziness, Nausea. Drowsiness, Bad Taste In the Mouth, Coated Tongue, Pain In the Side, TORPID LIVER. They regulate the Bowels. Purely Vegetable. SMALL PILL SMALL DOSE. SMALL PRICE. CARTER’S 1TTLE IVER PILLS. CARTERS WlTTLE a IVER I PILLS. Genuine Must Bear Fac-Simile Signature REFUSE SUBSTITUTES. INTERESTING LETTER WRITTEN BYA NOTABLEWOMAN Mrs Sarah Kellogg of Denver, Coloi Bearer of the Woman’s Belief Corpa Bends Thanks to Mrs. Pinkham. The following letter was written by Mrs. Kellogg, >of 1628 Lincoln A.ve., Denver, Colo. ,to Mi's. Pink ham. Lynn,Mass.: Dear Mrs. Pinkham: “ For five years 1 was troubled with a • Y wr tumor, wlucb kepi great mental depression. I was unable to at* tend to my house work,and life became a bur den to me. I was confined for days to my bed, lost my appetite, my courage and all hope. “ I could not bear to think of an operation, and in my distress I tried every remedy which I thought would be of any use to it •, and reading of the value of Lydia E. Pinkbam’s Vegetable Compound to sick women decided to give it a trial. I felt so discouraged that I had little hope of recovery, and when I began to feel better, after the second week, thought it only meant temporary relief; but to my great surprise I found that I kept gaining, while the tumor lessened in size. “ The Compound continued to build up my general health and the tumor seemed to be absorbed, until, in seven months, the tumor was entirely gone and I a well woman. I am so thankful for my recovery that I ask you to publish my letter in newspapers, so other women may know of the wonderful curative powers of Lydia E. Finkbam’s Vegetable Compound.” When women are troubled with irreg ular or painful menstruation, weakness, leucorrhcea, displacement or ulceration of the womb, that bearing-down feel ing1, inflammation of the ovaries, back ache, flatulence, general debility, indi gestion and nervous prostration, they should remember there is one tried and true remedy. Lydia E. Pinkham’s Veg etable Compound at once removes such trouble. 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