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THE MISSISSIPPI LYNX-
F. Y. ROCKETT, Editor. Saturday August 1, 184G. The War zcilh Mexico. War has generally been considered a national calamity. If we consider tho quantity of blood necessary to bo shed, before ambition is satisfied, or peace conquer ed the great tax, it imposes upon the industry and energy of a people, while at the same time, it disarranges and partially destroys their. commercial and social fgreatness, it may well be enti tled to the appellation. Those who in it, are victorious, feel themselves im pelled onward, to great victories by the wonder and admiration of the world Ambition growing big with what it feeds on, is never sated. He who commences at the head of an army, a patriot at heart, by success, becomes changed from the man, to the praise inflated Hero with his worshippers. To make one man mighty among men, blood must be shed, and the greater the quan tity shed, the greater the Hero. Se sostris, tho eldest conqueror we have on the record of history, opened the first scene in the tragedy of man, by a destruction of millions of his own species. From that, to the present, no Heros have been made no revolutions have been accomplished no nations have been christianized or civilized- no rights or privileges, belonging to man, by nature, have been obtained, without the destruction of millions of souls. Before Freedom can be established on the ruins of Tyrany, nations must wade through blood. Such seems to be the natural order of things. It would seem as if an all-wise Providence had chosen war, as one of the means of car rying out his plans, and working his will among the nations of the Earth. Although, therefore, we may derive little honor or profit, from the present war between us and Mexico, yet we may consider ourselves as the instru ments, under God, of spreading among a semi-barbarian people, the blessings of true religion, civilization, arts and sciences; and the people of Mexico, as distinguised from the military despots, that rule them with a rod of Iron, should look upon it as a blessing, and not a calamity. To tho seven millions of the missive Indian race, the victims of all changes, the swora of the conquer or has brought relief from bondage. And J hough they have little or none of that energetic, and enterprising char acter which distinquishes the North' American in all parts of the world, yet the presence of our army seems to have infused into them a hopefulness of spirit, of which under the reign of Military tyrants they have . shown themselves entirely destitute. Such is the effect produced upon them that the states of -Taumaulipas, Chihua hua, Zacetecas, and others among the chief of the provinces of the Republic, have heard of our victories with joy, and are clamorous to be released from the Mexican Yoke. The miserable condition of that na tion, fills the mind with melancholy re flections. One million of the Mexico Spanish blood, from which are taken the clergy, the soldiery, and the office holders, lord it, with a worse than Eastern despotism, over the seven millions of the Indian race. The Ca tholic clergy of Mexico, many of whom are more ignorant, and degraded than their flocks, are in as bad a condition "as their fathers were in the days o inquisitorial memory ignorant im moral-dissipated growing fat with re gal pomp while their people are suf fering in squalid poverty. They have the wealth of the country in their hands Their churches they decorate with barbaric splendor; but they have crush ed and enslaved the minds of their people, with their grossly superstitious dogmas, until there is neither spirit or manliness in them. No wonder, in view of such a state of affairs, many of our best citizens should fear the pre valence of such doctrines, and the im mense influence which they give the clergy over their flocks. Their reli gion, as it exists, is to them an incum bus crushing all their energies. They require some modern Luther to sink deep to the root of secular oppression his Saxon (steel; we hope he may be found m some of our fighting clergy men who are with Taylor at Matamor as. Education is a thing in which they are generally deficient: for the mil lion of Mexico-Spanish have in stitutions with high sounding titles, but under the control of Franciscan Friars who areas ignorant as those they at tempt to teach. No morality, but their own superstitious doctrines, no lessons 01 government, political economy, phil osophy, or arts or sciences, are there taught; every thing about them indicates a people degenerating into the darkness of barbarism. Law has no suprema cy. It protects neither person or pro perty; and justice consequently is sel dom uniformly administered. Their social state may be imagined from tho absence of these things so necessary for the preservation of all that is good and eminent in the social character of man. With a soil unsurpassed for fer tility mines rich in mineral wealth and an extent of Territory capable of supporting many more millions of souls, than those that occupy it, there is a poverty and wretchedness which would scaicely be believed in the old world. Dr. Wood who has lately made a tour from the Pacific to the city of Mexico, gives an interesting account of his jour ney. Poverty, vice, and wretchedness are the characteristics of Tepie, Guada laxara, Mexico and the principal cities of his route. Deggars the most revok ing of every age, from infancy to de crepitude form the great population of the streets, and the prisons are thronged with criminals of the vilest character and existing in the most dis gusting filth. To men in such a situation as this, the war carried on by us against the Mexican Government, is any thing else than a national calamity. Taylor and his troops deserve the applause of the world for their generous conduct to wards them. Already trade and traffic have infused into them, a spirit with which they havje hitherto been unac quainted. Our volunteers fresh from civilized society, and free institutions, will settle down among them, and car rying with them, at least some of that knowledge and virtue, of that determi nation of character which belongs to us as a people, will imbue their -minds with a desire to imitate our examples. The Anglo-saxori, and the mixed In dian race will blend together. Intelli gence and industry will be thus impar led to them. They will then be poses sed of the true elements of self govern ment; and be enabled for themselves to develop the vasi resources with which Providence has bussed them. As those who in the Crusades returned to the Holy Land, brought with them the principles which civilized Europe, so those who go from us to them, take with them the true elements of government, which will elevate Mexico in time, as high in tho ranks of nations as she is now sunken and degraded. The Tariff. Th ere can now be but little doubt that the tariff bill which recently passed the House of Represen tatives, will pass the senate also. Well, let the destroyers of the fostering tar iff of '42, take the responsibility. Let them be summoned before the tribunal of an outraged people and answer. When direct taxation is resorted to, us Mr. Walker says it must be, in order to raise funds to prosecute the war against Mexico, we shall then all clear ly see and feel the difference between the only two modes of taxing the peo ple by the general government. 03-Has every body forgotten how the "British Whigs,"" were hunted down and barked at because they refused to join the Washington Union and a thou sand other prints in asserting our clear and unquestionable title to the whole of Oregon? Has any body forgotten the sweeping declarations of those prints that whoever was willing to compro mise on 49 was for surrendering our own soil to British usurpation? If those things are not forgotten, what must now be thought of tho songs with which those same prints celebrate the event which has despoiled us of so much territory? Honor and praise travel the same road to the white House that, defiance traveled before. Glory is a warded to the President for doing what he was warned not to do, on pain of the unmitigated displeasure of the whole party. The whig, in conjunction with a few democrats worthy of the name, get no credit for saving the country from war and ruin which they were cursed for trying to do, and for which Mr. Polk is now glorified for allowing them to do. What has become of Mr. Hannegan's sweeping declara tion of damnation to Mr. Polk! Has he not done precisely what that gentleman warned him in the name of the party not to do? Suppose a whig President had made this compromise in the face of this locofoco denunciation would the world of 54 40s have presented the same quiescent front that they now do? Political honor and consistency shudder as they answer, no! Yet this is the world famed Democratic party. (Sir Silas Wright is a candidate for re-election to the office of Governor of the State of New York, The Country and the Crops. To one who dwells in the quiet of the country, and is unaccustomed to the monotony of a village or a city life, the enthusiasm with which the dwellers of the latter fly out to the former, on every occasion when they cau do it, seems transcend -ently foolish. But one who is confined from month to month in the same place, and in the same business, and com pelled to took every da' upon the same objects and hear the same sounds, only knows how to enjoy the landscape en ameled with flowers of all hues, boun ded by mountains ribbed with rocks and laved with babbling brooks that gush from their base. The widespread fields, the waving corn just silking and tasseling, the cotton blossom just burst, ing open, and the songs w hich the min strels of the air warble, spring in the bosom of thecarewoin and sad a foun tain of felicity from ivhich a thousand streams wander forth to revive, to glad den, to renovate and to rejuvenate the Whole man. We have been rusticating in the coun try within the last few weeks, and took occasion to notice the crops as we flew about. Our observation has been con fined to this county and Lafayette on ly. We have scarcely ever seen a bet ter prospect for a full crop of corn, and the abundant rains which have since fallen will render it cer'ain. But we cannot say so much for the cotton pros pect. The stalk has, in consequence of excessive rains in the spring, ran up to an unusual height, and has but few squares. There are exceptions, how ever, and here and there are to be found som.e fine fields. A dry fall and a la!e frost would be desirable to the cotton planter. Retrocession. U is stated that the Bill receding the city and territory of Alexandria to the state of Virginia, was signed by the President on the 9th inst. and is therefore a law. Mr. Buchanan. Mr. Pollock of Penn. in a late speech delivered in the House of Representati. es, states that he heard James Buchanan in 1841 use the following language: "He had served in Congress both with Mr. Clay and Mr. Polk;' that he was personally intimate with them both; and was well acquainted with their opinions ;" and he then went on to de clare that James K. Polk was a better Tariff man than Henry Clay, and that hetelieved the Tariff of 1842 would be safer in Mr. Polk's hands ftian it would in Mr. Clay's. . Great sensation; voi. ces: "Did you hear that?'' "Did you hear him say so?' "Is that possible?" Mr. P. repeated tho statement. He had heard Mr. Buchanan use these words. Mr. Pollock farther slated that atone of the great Polk meetings in Pennsyl. vania dnring that canvass a banner was borne at the head of a procession inscribed. "James K. Polk and the Tariff of 1842 We dare the. Whigs to repeal The Mormons. The Cincinnati Ga. zette has the following intelligence from the Mormons, who are on their way to Oregon. A company numbering some fifteen or sixteen, belonging to Choteau's fur company, arrived at St. Louis on the 4lh inst., on the steamer Balloon. The only item of news they bring, says the Republican, is the arrival and encamp, ment of a large body of Mormons, th ree o"r four thousand in number, and near one thousand wagons, at Bellevue, a short distance below Council Bluffs. They had been there and on the road several months, and were suffering se vereity, it was said, for the want of provisions; many were reported in an actual state of starvation. Provisions and game are very scarce in that por. tion of the country, and to supply theifc immediate necessities they had bought all the provisions stored at the Bluffs for the use of the fur company. Three messengers were seen by our inform. ants, on their way from Fort Leaven, worth to them, but not, as has been supposed, for the purpose of enlisting men for the Santa Fe expedition; of quite a different nature was their er. rand, but the exact purport of which is not known. It is said that it is the in. tentionof the caravan to cross th Mi. soun,and take up their winter quarters on naue river, aoove the Pawnee coun. try, and next spring to go on to Ore. gon. Captain May. It will be recollected that some weeks since an elegant sabre and belt were sent by citizens of New Orleans to this gallant officer, in token of their admiration of his conduct on the battle field of the 9th May. The present was duly received, but the let ter acknowledging it was delayed on its way to New Orleans. It is published in the New Orleans Picayune of the 24th ultimo, and is couched in the lan guage of a brave man. The following passages from it reflect additional hon. or upon the writer: "The high estimation which you have been pleased to attach to my ser. vices on that occason, bean with it, to me, an additional value, as it is an ex. pression of approbation from friends of my early youth. "In battle opportunities arc afforded a few to perform deeds which, if success, fully accomplished, are attended with so much brillancy as to render less conspicious other deeds equally merito. rious. "In the action of the 9th it was my good fortune, not only to be one of this favored few, but to be supported by of ficers and men whose gallantry would ensure success. It is due to my brother officers to say, that -any one of them would have gloried in the oppoitunity of leading the charge that you have thought proper to noMce in such hand, some terms." Ex. Paper Fom the Vick. Whig. POETICAL PORTRAITS. Clay. lie speaks! and viewless chains Upon a Senate rest; He ceases"! luok upon the names That ge.n a nation's breast! Webster. The calm, unsounded deep Is emblem of his mind; But roused, its heaving billows sweep " In grandeur unconfin'd. Ca lhoun. A loom of curious make May weave a web of thought. And he who rends the shining warp, May in the woof be caught. J. Q. Adams. Statesman and Poet too! Philosopher in turn; Link with the past a nation eoon Shall sorrow o'er his urn. Crittenden. Now with a giant's might He heaves the pond'rous thought Now pours the storm of eloquence With scathing lightnings fraught! Berrien. With temper calm and mild, And woris of soften'd tone, He overturns his neighbor's cause And justifies his own. Corwin. The polishM shaft of wit Is quivering in the light; "Tissped! upon its shining track, And havoc marks its flight. J. M . Clayton. The lightnings glare may turn The needle from the pole; Who ever saw him swerve, Or bow to low control? Benton. Judgment and tact combin'd; A mine of knowledge vast; A walking book case on its shelves The archives of the Past. Cass. . With neat and rounded phrase He tricks the shapeless thought; Like hope of power, it charms to-day, To-morrow, it is nought. Allen. Ye Gods! defend my ears! Bass drums around mejlhrong! Through empty galleries leap and roll The notes of "Chinese Gong!" R. J. Walker. In locofoco vale, Along its muddy stream, He wauders night and day, immersed In vain ambition's dream. Marcy. Collected, calm, and cool. He patches up his job, As, with a knowing leer, he slides The salaiy in his fob. J. E. C. CORRESPONDENCE OF THE BAL TIMORE AMERICAN. Washington, July 9, 1846. The dismemberment of Mexico is the design of the administration, and that not only by the invasion of California, but by seizure and possession of the entire country beyond the line of Tarn pico on the t ulfof Mexico, and the same parallel on the Pacific. This seizure embraces the richest and most valuable provinces of Mexico. - It includes all of California, from the head to the cape, and not alone the Provinces bordering on the Rio Grande. Parts of Jalisco, Gaudalaxara, and Za catecas, and all of Sonora, Durango, San Luis Poois, New Leon; Chichua hua, Coahuila and Tamaulipas, are to be the fruits of this conquest. The Government here are ready to settle the question now, if Mexico will yield up the country I have named, or consent to run a Sine from the Gulf of Mexico to. the Pacific upon the line I have named. All this is in contempla tion now, secretly but seriously, and the regiment raising for California, of which I gave you the first notice some lime since, is the first fruits of the ex pedition. I content myself with mak ing the announcement of the ambitious designs of the Administration, nd leave it to yourselves and readers lo speak of them as they deserve to be spoken of. Prince Louis Napoleon. A meeting of the Foreign Ambassadors and Min isters has taken place in London, to consult n the line of policy to be adop ted towards Prince Louis Napoleon, and it has been agreed that, until they receive instructions from their different Courts, they will abstain from personal intercourse with the Prince. Delta. i Narrative of Gen. Taylor. Gen Z. Taylor is now 50 years of ace. He jis he son of Copt. Dick Taylor, one of that band of enterprising pioneers of the West, who settled the "dark and 1 bloody ground," to use the Indian mean ing ol the word "Kentucky.7- Of Capt. Dick Taylor, Gov. Scott (who was sometimes a little profane) is reported to have said, that if he had to storm the gates of hell, he would want Dick Tay lor to lead the column. Zachary Tay lor is a Kenluckian by birth his fa ther was from Virginia. Z. Taylor entered the service as a lieutenant of Infantry in 1808, shortly after the at tack of the Chesapeake, and his re mailed in the army ever since. He was sent into Indiana, and early en gaged in Indian hostilities. On the 5th December, 1812, he made a gal lant defence of Fort Harrison, for which he was breveted a Majar by President Madison, which brevet is the oldest in the army. In 1832 he led the 1st Infantry in the Black Hawk war he became the Colonel of the 6th In fantry, I think, in 1832. In 1836 he was ordered to Florida; in that coun try he was always foremost in danger. With a detachment of about 500 men, composed of parts of tho 1st- 4th, and 6th Regiments of U. S. Infantry, and some Missouri volunteers, he met about 700 Indians, under those famous war riors, Sam Jones, Con-coo-chee, and Al ligator, on the 0-k3-cho-bee. It is said that he was challenged to this bat tle by Alligator an invitation which Col. Taylor very readily accepted. This is said to have been the only in stance in which the Indians voluntari ly gave battle in the Florida war. The Indians were concealed in strong po sition in a thick swamp, covered in front by a small stream, which was rendered almost impassable by quick sands. Col. Taylor, however, charg ed his concealed enemy, in the face of a deadly fire, and forced the Indians to yield their ground hch by inch at the point of the bayonet. The battle was hardly contested it lasted about three hours, when tho Indians were routed and pursued until night, with great slaughter. This wis a bloody battle, and reflected great credit upon the val iant band engaged in it, both regulars and Missouri volunteers of whom 139 were killed or wounded, being more than one-fourth of the whole force. Col. Taylgr remained on horseback during the whole engagement, cheering his men and exposing his person to the deadly rifle of the Indians. The victo ry was complete, for this wa3 the las', stand which the Indians made in Flori da in any large body. A Great Steamboat Project. Ves pasian Ellis, Esq., formerly United States Charge at Caraccas, has obtain ed from the Government of Venezuela the exclusive right of navigating the mighty Oronoco with steam vessels for twenty-two years, on terms highly ad vantageous. Wha a-theatre is here opened for enterprise and development; and what agent so powerful as steam for increasing population and spread ing intelligence! Darby says the Oro noco is abount fifteen hundred miles in length, and the area of the basin drained by it 400,000 square milea, or 256,000,000 of acres. Above its mouth it receives the Paraguay, or Oarom, the only laige tributary which aug ments its volume from the south. For boats, says the same respected author, "few rivers of the world afford a more extended and iess interrupted naviga tion. N. Y. Tribune. From Tampico. The Norfolk Her ald has been favored with two letters received by a gentleman in that city, and dated on board the United States sloop of war St Marys, lying ofTTam pico, on the 13th and 16th ultimo, which gave accounts of two attempts, made by the ship's company in boats, aided by the ship, to capture three Mexican gun-boats, whose movements were pro tected by one of the forts on the shore. Both attempts proved unsuccessful, on account of the enemy having early dis covered their enterprise, and the diffi culty which our boats encountered in crossing a dangerous bar in the river. A good many shot and shells were fir ed, some from bcth sides, but it does not appear that any life was lost, or that other material damage was suffer ed by either the assailants or the as sailed. Nat. Int. Shameful. The Boston Liberator, an abolition journal, speaking of Cassi us M. Clay, says it trusts "that he will be the first to perish on the Mexican soil, an ignoble death." Papers putting forth such stupid treason, says the Cle veland (Ohio) Plaindealer, should be burned by the public hangman, amidst tho execrations of all tiuo Americans. v Delia. LATE FROM MEXICO. Contemplated attack of the American Fleet on the Fort of San Juan de UluaGcn. Paredes declared Pres ident by Congress, and Gen. Bravo tee President Paredeg on his march lo meet Ihe American Forces, at the head of Eight or Ten Thous and men; the Army 0f Reserve Or dersfot the Enlistment of Addition al Regiments Pronunciamiento of California against ihe Central Mex ican Government: The Havana papers received vt. day by the Hope Howes, contain the Mexican news carried there hv British rmil stearrer Clyde, which had arrived from Vera Cruz on the CtS inst. The C. had on board 265,000 and 44 passengers. The Snanlsh schooner FJor de Lanes, arrived two days previously from Sacrificios, with vera Uruz papers to the 18th June. Passengers by the Clyde state that it was the intention of the U. S. smmn to attack San Juan de Ulua on the 10th July. The vessels at Sacrificio on th 1st were, the frigates Cumberland. Raritan and Potomac. 50 iruns mm,. sioop ot war John Adams, 20; brig So mers, 10; steamer Mississippi, 8; and steamer Princeton, 7. The foreign men of war lying there at the same time were, the Spanish frigate Christi na sloop-of-wjr Luisa Fernando, and brig Habanero; British frigate Endy mion, sloop-of-var La Perouse and brig Mercure. Besides these, the comman der of tho Clyde says he saw six largo American vessels of war off Vera Cruz. The city on the 30th ult., was declared to be under martial law. The latest dates from the city of Mexico are to the 29th ult. Congress has declared Gen. Paredes nre.sirW nf the Republic, and Gen. Bravn V; President. Permission had been gran- lea oy congress to Gen. Paredes to march at the head of the army against the enemy, and Gen. Bravo was called to take chaige of the Presidency: ho left Vera Cruz on the 24th Jnne for Mexico Gens. Arista and Ampudia had been called to the capital: the for mer is to be tried for abandoning the city of Malamoras, while he had up wards of 4000 troops under his com mand. Inconsequence of this he had been discharged frpm his command as commander-in-chief of the army. Ho publishes a long address to his fellow soldiers, expressing his regret for his misfortune, and assuring them that his prayers will be offered up to the God of Battles for their victory and success in every engagement which they may have with the common enemy. The Spanish merchant brig Cecilia, from Cadiz, anchored at Isla Verde on the 20th ult. She attempted to pass into Vera Cruz: the Princeton fired a couple of blank shots at her, as a notice that she was not to be permitted to pass in: she disregarded them. A shotted gun was then fired, which quickly brought her helm about. She then "laid to," and the Princeton sent a boat on board, when she was ordered to go towards tho island. Gen. Paredes proposed to Congress that measures be forthwith adopted for the raising of several new regiments, both of infantry and cavalry. The proposition was at once carried into execution. Gen. Paredes was to havo left the city of Mexico on the 3d int - at the head of the army of reserve tho lotal number of which is from 8,000 to 10,000 men. Letters had been received at W Cruz, stating that the Californias had "pronounced" against the Mexican Government. It was said at Vera Cruz, on the re turn from Tampico of the British mail steamer, that the U. S. sloop-of war St. Mary's had opposed the Clyde takin the specie on board: and on this account the British sleamer-of-war. Vesuvius left Vera Cruz for Tampico, in order to sco what was the reason for this act, and at the same time it was expected that the Vesuvius would take the specio to Vera Cruz. Something is said of the rapid and successful culture of Cotton in Greece. Such a table as the following might dis sipate all fear or rivalry in the British market: The imports into Great Britain of cotton from the 1st of January to the 1st of May were: 1846. 1845. United States. 391,850 b's. 618,950 b'a. Brazil. 24,820 39,820 " Egyptain. 31,270 " 7,980" East Indian. 45,250 " 60,990" West Indian. 2.800 " 3,030 " Nat. Intelligencer . (7"The total value of imported articles received at the St. Louis Customhouse during the quarter ending on the 30th ult., on which duties were paid, was $38,368. The amount of duties was about$ 13,000.