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THE PANOLV LYNX.
F. Y. ROCKETT, Editor. Saturday April 18, 1S4C NOT1CK. All communications should he addressed To the Editor if the Lynx. Thi9 is important to 09. TUB CONVENTION. We publish thi 3 week ihe proceed ings of the Rail-road meeting which as sembled at this place on Monday the 6th insl. Notice had been given that the Coahomo commissioners would meet the commissioners on the part of this county, on that day for the purpose of "uniting their counsels'''' upon ways and means to affect a communication be tween this part of the state and the Mississippi river. But we regret that the Coahomo commissioners, in conse quence of the roughness of the weather, did not meet us. The people of this county, .however, and a Few citizens of other counties, met on the day propos ed, and proceeded to discuss the subject. The question to bo discussed and de cided was, in relation to the acceptunce of one of the two charters, obtained from the Legislature, at its late ses sion. One of the charters is for a rail road, n-nd the other a charcoal road, and they are so worded, that the ac ceptance ofone by the Commissioners, (being the same in both charters') for feits the other. It then became impor tant for the Commissioner and the peo ple to counsel together and decide which of these schemes the interest of the country, and other important consider ations, demand acceptance at their hands. The publrc mind in this coun ty had "been wavering between these propositions, and it hec'Mi.e important that all the lights in which the subject could be viewed, should be presented, clearly and candidly. Intelligence bad been received from Coahomo county, in-; forming -us that I'he people of-lhat coun ty had, at a ipubiic meeting, "expressed their preference for a charcoal road, but had, nevertheless, -cxpris-sed a wil lingness to jonn the people of this coua ly in pursuit of either scheme. The meeting having been called to order by the-chainnan, Mr.C. F. Vance Esq , who, by t'he wny, is the champion of this internal improvement scheme, rose, and proceeded to give the -result of his reflections upon the subject. He depricated any opposition that might be made to the scheme. He could not in laet conceive, of any mo tives that would justify opposition, to works of Public enterjuiso. Even i they resulted ki failure resulted in pecuniary losses to the persons engaged in them, they at least do the good, of awakening, and inspiring into activity the enterprising faculties of a commu nity. Hie stated that the recent sur veys had of this state, and Chickasaw school lands, brought to light the facts, that a route could be had for a public work between the town of Panola, and Delta, on the Mississippi river, only thirty-five miles in length, that the whole of it, except Tallahatchie & Cold water rivers, and a few narrow sloughs is above high water mark that it goes over lands that form as near a perfect level as lands can be placed by the hand of nature that it seems indeed, us if nature shaped out this great basin on purpose to approximate us by rail-roads and turnpikes, to the greatou commer cial river of the globe. That the route passes through an inexhaustible growth of timber, the best in the world, for rail-roads, and other public works, Cypress, & Swamp -oak timber that costs no more than the expense of get ting it out. That the lands along the route are owned by the Slate, and Ge neral Government, so that stockhol ders would not have to contend against damages to land proprietors, a formida ble obstacle in the way of public works in the older States. That the road in stead of damaging those lands, were of the Mississippi alluvia, with a fertili ty inexhaustible and unsurpassed by any -lands in the world. All they want to command high prices and a dense population, is communication with the interior. That now they are isolated from the balance of the state, and their settlers are compelled to confine their commerce and intercornmunlcat'on to , the Mississippi; river. That if we would open such a communication as those proposed, we would see fine plan tations, a happy and bussy population where now are frowning forests and interminable cane-brakes. The whole intervening bottom would soon smile under the hand of the husbandman. That on account of these obvious ad vantages we might reasonably expect ..assistance from the State an appro priation of a part of the 600,000 acres of land she holds in trust for works of internal improvement. That a road running through those lands, and almost doubling their value sutely would hate greater claims than any other work That even if it was not the feeling of the State, her interest would call upon her for the assistance an interest tha would strike every legislator whether he comes from the borders of the Gulf of Mexico, or the Tine of the road. The resources he pointed out for the cost of the work were,, the private sub scription of stock on thejvartofcitifcens, and land speculators who hold lands in this & Coahomo counties loans to be ejected among Eastern Capitalists-the investment of money in slaves to be sold afterwards for the benefit of the .stock holders the incentive to men of small resources to take stock in live provis ion of the charters, allowing stock to be paid up in labor -the assistance to Ire had from the State. He contended that the devideiw?s would amply justify the investment of capital in stock. That on account of the extraordinary cheapness of the road, even a small business would create hea. vy dividends upwards of forty thous and bales of cotton, annually go down the Tallahatchie river. T-fcis wo could appropriate solely to dividends, allow ing back fioight, ami passengers to keep the road in repair. But cen if the di vidends were 'naught, the pla-n'ers, he contended would loose nothing, on ac count of the iuhanced value of their pro perty, It is commercial activi'ty that gives value, and readiness -of sale to property, and there 'can bo little com mercial activity where there are im perfect mades -of transit and transporta tion. lie then noticed the fluc'uating pri ces ol our s'aple cotton showed the ne cessity of the planters beirg able to take advantage of these fluctuations. That he cannotdo this unless he has com mand of the whole cotton market of the season. Th. oh account of oar river navigation, he has thecommand of only two ot three months of the season. If cotton happens to be up in those months, he does well, if otherwise he looses in proportion to the extent of his crop. He concluded by disclaiming the idea of any opposition, to the improvement of the river navigation. That ha wanted c the two works to go hand in hand, and was willing to expend his best "energies in favor bf.the imp. as wel! as "the other- nut contended that no improvement in the rivercowld ho made thai would i u persede the necessity of some such work as the one he advocated. To render an efFectual improvement of the river, it would be necessary to have an annual appropriation of money for that purpose, or clear off the timber from the banks along i s whole course, fol lowing its tortious windings in all the counties it runs through. After Mr. Vance had concluded, Mr. Overtofl rose and addressed the meet ing. He was satisfied ft hen -the proposi tion for a rail-road from Panola to Del ta, was first made, that the project was impracticable. He came to this con cluMon, for several reasons first, lie cause other sections of country, having greater resources on which to rely, for the support of such roads, have tried the experiment and failed, and he kttew of nothing connected with North Missis- sippi, Ihm would make it an exception to such failure. Secondly, a compari son ot the necessary expense of a rail road, upon the cheapest ptan, with the highest estimate of the amount cf pro duce, and travel to pass over it, shows that such a road would not only be un profitable, but a constant drain upon the purses ol stockholders. And thirdly however desirable such a public work might he for general convenience, capi talists are rarely so public spirited, as to invest money in an undertaking fer the general welfare, without a proba bility that such investment, will be pro Stable to themselves, and with nil the arguments and appeals we could, use, subscription for the stock would be out of the question. Cut it was proposed hy some, to build upon the plan of an ordinary ratl-road, and substitute jwooden, fur iron rails The difference however, in the exjense of this, was not so much as the ost of the iron. It costs more to build a wood en rail-road, than to prepare an ordi- ! nary one for the iron, and the former could not be buil!, at the lowest calcula tion, for less than six thousand dollars per mile, allowing upon the route from this place to Delta, an average enbank mentoftwoand a half feet. And it appears easy to see by a little reflec tion, that this expense is too heavy for such an ; investment to be profitable. The shipment of an hundred thousand bags of cotton, per annum", with a rea sonable allowance for travel from this point, would stilt yield no dividend to stockholders the work proposed would require repairs, which in expense, would be equivalent every four years, to '.he original cost of building the road In making calculations of this sort, te truth and correctness of the result depends upon the truth of the info; ma tionopon which we fofm our opinions, and he had taken spertal pains, to ob tain information from gentlemen who knew by experience lire amount of twoney, which every parto'fsch work As was under discussion would. He had also the report recently made, by a covnmittee of gentlemen -screcied 'by the states of Alabama and Mississippi, to investigate the subject of rail-toads, especially, to ascertain the cost f such work in our own section of the Union. He must be safe the refute in his infor mation, and the calculations bused upon it, were entitled to confidence. Io had no idea of giving up 'every plan for communication, between North Miss. and the "inland sea." He was prepared to demonstrate that a Char coal road1 would not only he prefera ble for public convenience, to a rail road, but praticable nnd'projfi table to stockholders. (Here Mr. O. went into a calculation based upon data, which he had taken great care to have correct and assuming t!fet the quantity of cot ton passing over the Toad to be thirty five thousand bags otto' that ifee amount of toll (from other travel, would he one third that is received from cotton trans-' jKmation, showed a dividend of about seven per cent the firs' year.) The quantity of cotton to be carried over this thorough-fare, would increase at the rate of five thousand bags jer an num, and the dividend of -course in crease in proportion. ;i The road could he built for less than four thousand dollars per mile, bridges and toll-gates and houses includ ul-j-when it was once made no repairing was necessary --the longer it should he used, the better it becomes never throws off dust in dry weather and was always smooth and clear of mud in wet weathcr-a cement was in a short time formed from the action of the weather, upon the top, and the body of the charcoal remain ing light and buoyant gives it &n elas ticity, which keeps the motion of any vehicle steady and agreeable to l he pas senger it was no monopoly -unlike a rait-roa;5, it could be traveled with any sort of conveyance at any time by any bodythe convenience of access. afford ed by it to any .point in its vicinity, would induce -emigration tolhecountry through which it might pass. No man who owned land at either termini of the road or any where upon its rcute should fail to take stock, and be in earnest in having the work accomplished. It was no blind and uncertain experiment, the plan had already, been tried and .ex perience had shown the results, such as he had stated, jit had been tried in Michigan a charcoal road of fifty miles was in operation there, mostly across S swamp, and i was profitable beyond ".he saDguine hopes of the stock holders. The experiment had also been commenced in Louisiana. Here was something that commend ed itself to the private interest as well as the public spirit of every man, and why not take hold and have tho thing done? Wo needed a Shipping point, for our portion ofthe state, within our own limits. Cotton shipped from Mem phis had the Tennessee taint upon it. What good reason exists why Tennes see should have the money which she makes upon the thousauds of bags of cotton, which Not th Miss. carries there' What principle of benevolence requires Mississippi to confer a favor upon Ten nessee, when the former stands m far more need of it than the latter ! Every consideration of oroprrety, self-respect and even self-interest, urges us to move tn this matter and move with energy and determination. A harvest is wait ing to be gathered. A great and inesti mable public advantage ts Waiting 'to be realized. The sentiments expressed by Mr. Overton seemed to carfy conviction Vvilh them, and the community now think a cha rcoal road 'preferahle to a rail road, and are enthusiastic for it. A movenH tngether now, and we can accomplish It. - The Circuit Court for this County, commences on monday next. The docket is a very heavy one. The news hy the Yorkshire, to be found on our first page, is rather war like. We cannot yet think that we are to have xvar -with England ' Congressional. Our dates from Washington are up to the 2nd inst The sublreasury bill has passed the House hy .a. majority of 56 votes the vote being 1 22 yeas, 66 nays. The senate was sliH discussing the notice ipM'stion. ffrh "will be seen on reference tohourn. our advertising columns that Mr. Dodge Professor of rN-atreal Penmanship of the Dolbcar System is among the num ber of visitors now at this place. It affords us no small degree of pleasure in having it in our power to congratulate the citizens of Panola, and its vicinity upon the advantages, which the stay of Mr. Dodge will afford them, of acquir ing at a small expense, and time, a method of writing, at once, beautiful and expeditious. The manifest and rapid improvement, made by his scholars, of all ages from 0 to 50 years, is suf ficient evidence of the excellence of the system, aud the skill of the teacher. His system ol writing, is the best we have seen; and we are satisfied from the specimens which he has exhibited to us, of ihe improvement of his schol ars, that he canrtot fail to secure a lib eral encoura'gei'ne'nt, as his character is in every respect such as would rec commend him to a moral and enl ight ened community-. All who take lessons of Mr- D., will have ".-ho privilege of remaining wii hout ' extra charge, untsl they write a good , ft ' i business hand. I .... , . ! Britannic Majesty's sunject. Dagurrotvpe. If any of our people ! We are informed by Capt. Thompson wish to perpetuate their futures, the y j thatth? brig Oth;llo, from Cura;oa, can do so by calling at Mr. P. K. Bre-j bcunJ to New York, with n circus sius' room. His likened are the heof! company on board, touched at Kingston ihe kind w'e have ever seen, and his , 'o'-the 2 1st. prices are very moderate. Call and j The chr. Jas. T. Berime, Capt examine his specimens. Johnson, from New York, hound to St. : Andrev- tia Jamaica, arrived on the rcrGe-n Tavlor with the army of , o..,r,.t ii. R in (Jrande opposite Ma amoras. The Mex ican army made great Tdeinonstralio'rt when they saw this, by drums and fifo and bug'o. They planted a line of ar tillery on Gen T's camp which induced him to remove 4 miles off. A battle probably has been fitught ere this. RESOLUTIONS THE PANOLX ; CONVENTION. ! At a p iblic meeting held at the Court ! house in the town of Panola, on Mon- day the 5th April 1846, in accordance ..... . wnn puutic notice Gen. Rob't. Brahan, Vvas called to the chair, and S. H. Hankins, aopoiotevl se cretary ,.r.i i i. - sideralion, the act of the Legislature, chartering a Charcoal At. Ruil trrtd. from the town of Panola, to Delta, and to consult ui to which is probable, a rail-road, or Charcoal road, and to take such other steps, as may be proper. Ctlvin .Van.e Esq., addressed the meeting at length on the. practicahil.ty, of the projected improvement-, in the form of cither a rail-road or charcoal. And. . A.A.Overton E-q . -addre-sed the meeting; on tKe practicability of a charcoal road, and its advantages, over a rail-road, and adduced much data to prove hi position. ' I Upon motion it wa, . i Resokcd, That a committee of five j he appuinled hy tho chair, to ftstertain the probable costs of a rail road, and j also, ofa charcoal road, between Panola and Delta, and the relative advantages, j f lne two -' sa' committee, raise by subscription a sum not exceed1 ing $100, for the purpose of having said road surveyed, and make report to the next meeting. Thechair thereupon, appointed Mes srs. E. Q. Vance, CaJvin Vance, A. A. Overton, Jno. H. Watson and John Rayburn, on said committee. " On motion it was, Retofted, That this meeting adjourn to meet again at this place on Men Jay the 20th of this month. R. W. BRAIIAN, Cha irman. S. H. HANKINS, Secretary. Delta' Miss. March 5th, 1846. At a large and respectable meeting, of the citizens of Coahoma county, held on this day, Maj. William Kendall being appoin ted as chairman, and D. B. Allen Secre tary. 1st. Resolted, That the 'sense of the people, of this county, in convention say, that it is most expedient to erect a char coal Road, extending from Delta, to Panola county, tef minating at the town of Panola. . 2nd. Resolted, That Aaron Shelby Wm. M. Brown, G.S. Cook, Jos. S. AN corn, Wm. -Kendall chairman, & D. B. Allen Secretary, be appointed delegates, to meet the delegates from Panola coun ty, in the town of Panola, fop tho pur pose wf-oarrying into effect, the -charter granted by the Legislature for making i said Road, on the ; 1st Monday April next; '-''.:: i . - 3rd. Resolved, That thi county will most cheerfully, co operate1 with our fellow citizens oC Panola county, in making a good Road to the town of Pa nola, at, an early day as possible. 4th. Resolved, That this meeting ad Wm. KINDEL, Chairman. D. B. ALLEN, Secretary. From Jamaica. By tho arrival yes terday of the brig Toranto, Capt. White, and the brig C Hatfiuld, Capt. Thompson, we have Into dates from Jamaica by the former to the 19th and the latter ttfihe 24 th ult. To Capt. White we are Indebted for a full file of Jamaica papers. Mr. C. Mason was lecturing on Shakspeare at Kingston. The Kingston Teatre va? closed on the Hth ulti for Want ol encouragement from the citizens. The Kingston Times in noticing the regimental order anhounceihg the dates and places ol seVerill musters tit the .Kingston Regiment of Militia, directed by law, uses the following language: . "Resist the 'R. 0. en tvasse! Shall he dare to fine 400 officers and men or will they be idiots enough to pay the warrants?!'.! Shall he send the 40(J to Jail or will they kick. ihe Marshals one by and c Vnwcr ol the ' i -.i ii r..i r'-irvoi ? ' 1 t1 uu , 1 Th a nnks rather turbulent iu her -th, had experienced very heavy weather She was compelled to dis charge her cargo, and upon examina tion, was cottd-sined and sold on the 23d. The British trig Meroaior had. also been condemed. Store was sold on the 19th, and brcug'ftt $700. There was no particular change in the markets up to the sailing of the C. Uatfidi!!, on the 24ih. The brig Sophia arrived at -Kingston on the 16th from this port -DeUa. Make Way for Canada - The Ljv-; r. tv l!ind:i nl hf I h .1 I lilt.. Milhlishos 1 , , ,. , tin address Irom. Canada to the Con- ; s-erv-t'rve members 'of the British Par liament, in which it Ss said: ' Whetiier, therefore. England wish . : .. Canada will certaiulv -cut her commection 1111 aediately. "The Canadians, bv iolrtlne Then United States, will continue :U th privileges "wlrich Colfi'inl's culouio oojoy under a'free trad'e system. 'ln losing the Brhish .Amejican col onies, England will lobe employment for 30 000 sailors, and the. finest naval nursery in the world, the amount 1 "j tonnage hi that trade being g-retUer than that of the traae to all India and China. -But it is 6l a simple loss to Eng land; the command ofthe St. Lawrence will give a gain'to America equal in ent to Ou.r loss,' .hereby treblm-her navaL wr wh,1 U ,eaves berJv-h no rival or esemy in the north. T,,e S;andar,J say? k We cannot perceive by what plea we can resist sucn a movement on ll.e Parl of Canada, if it le resolved upon; or even defend much longer the grant ing of supplies to meet the cost of our establishtncHts iu this country.'1 DEATH-BED SCENE. Jortx V. Wiring. -We copy from the Kentucky Gazette the following descfip'ion ofthe last moments of John U. Waring, who was shot at Versailles, Ky.. on the 10th ult, by a vouhg man tlamed Rfchurdscn. son of Samuel Q. Richardson, whom Waring killed some years ago at Frankfort. '-Delta. The ball entered just above his left eye, which was forced from its socket, and rested on his cheek, it passeJ throgh the root of his tongue, down his thi oat, and perforated his lungs, Immediately' after recovering from a few moments of insensibility, h made signs or writing mati rials; finding he was misunderstood, with all the force he could muster, he feebly articulated the word kin't. Supposing he wished his will written, a lawyer was called in for that purpose . YVaring refused his assistance, dfew the materials to ward him, and wrote a nurnbef of notes, requesting the attendance of his so i-in-law, papires from the Clerk, offices and his own residenoe, etc.,etc. Hav ing procured what he required, al though bleeding rapidly at short inter vals from his nest rils and mouth, with out displaj ing the slightest symptoms of pain, he proceded calmly and sternly with his final task, at which he was en gaged until late at riight. He comple ted some unfinished contracts, entered into a new one, gave feceipts' settled accounts, brought a suit) drew up his will, and arranged all his worldly af fairs, as far as it was possible. The scene, whilst-thus engaged, has been described td us as the most melancholy and appalling one which was prqbaly ever witnessed. The in tcrnal hemorrhage compelled him to remain in a" sitting posture, from the time he was bounded Until he-died. His grey hairs dabbled with his ow blood, with tthich his dress and p were almost Sritlrely covered-" tacles pressed firmly down upon his protruded eye, which rested in ghastly prominence upon his cheek, he plied his pen with relentless determination. Life's last sands were ebbing fast minutes had becmoe to him things of the last importance. Yet, precious ns the fleeting moments were, his labors were great ry lengthened by the occa sional rapid ejection of gore fromhis mouth, bespattering and obliterating what he had ' written. Pushing the blood-stained sheets assidc, his task was again resumed with unshaken firm ness. "In this seeming conflict between destiny and himself, Waring trivmphed. Hi lived twelve" hoUrs longer than the physicians deemed possible, and had still time to have paid some attention to his eternal welfare; Our informa tion leads us to bejteve that this was entirely disregarded, ana that he died as uhforgivingly as he had lived. It is said that one of his family begged, on bended knee, that he (Waring) would forgive his enemieslie shi)ok his head and stamped his fact in stern denial. So passed from this earth, after a lite of turmoil, strife, biticrness, and blodlshed, John V. Waring. My his spirit firij more peace in the next, th: wa.e ruuchsivfed to hiin in this world. From the Organizer. Extract Ffon the Minnies of the La fayctte CdiUiiy Association of Practi cal Teachers. Oxford, March 21st, 1840. Pursuarit tc? a call iii the Organizer aiiJ other papers, H number of gentle men engaged in the profession of teach ing, assemble! in the Court house for the purpose of forming themselves into an Association of Teachers. On motion of the Rev. Mr. Morrr, Mr. C. A . Snith was called to the chair, on l J. V. Boyd was nppointel Secretary pro ten. The objects ofthe meeting were then explicitly set lorty in an address by the Rev. Mr. Morris. The following resolutions were then unanimously adopted: 1st. Reolvcd,' That this meeting ormise itself inK an Association, to be. called the -Association of Practical Teachers of-Lafayette county. 2J Resolved, That ft committee of three be appointed by tho President to draft. a cons'i'ution and by laws for the irvcr:iment of th; A ci:iliu:uan I report the sti ne a' the next meeting. Messrs. T.ylor. Vade.i. Ililii', an I Rev. R. Morris werenppninte I. 31. Resolve.f, Tint Ihe President appoint a ma :tbr t drift arv appeal 10 teachers. o in !iu-o the. 11 to come up to our next uvetiiiir, and to he tho same inserted in p ipers friendly to the came of e lucat ion. The RiiVi R.Morris was appointed. 4 h..R 'solve I. T'uit a memh'r be fi led ed- to deliver an address before the Association at tho next men ing. 0:1 supjects involving the iireies:s of the .fteia' ion. Tie R-v. JC. Morris wn 11 nun i jTiously elected to deliver tho address. On inoi ion, adjourned to meet in the Cumberland Presbpterian church, in this p-lace, on tho last Saturday in April, at I I o'clock A. M. J. V. BOYD, Sec'y pro tern One of the richest things that lhcx Legislature undertook to do, was to jdedge this State for men an! money to Mr. Polk to tight out the Oregon con troversy. It is a little difficult to de cide what the honorables mean by it. The belter opinion seems to be, that they intend it as u compliment to the President. If that be the fact, it will doubtless grate upon the sensibilities ofthe President, iu some sort, like thu smile of Cassious on the heart of Cae sar. (We ask Catsar's pardon.) That worthy, in remarking upon the sinis ter symptoms about the stern senator, said: Seldom he smiles; and smiles in such a sort, As if he mocked himself, and scorn- cd his spirit That could be moved to smile at any thing. , . . And the President doubtless without further explanation than the resolu tion on his face affords, will conclude that the Legislature was making mouths- at him! Smiley, a gallant captain as ever trod the Hall, boxed its ears tremendeously for its impudence, in coming, smtfing, and before its face was washed, from the greasy soot of Repudiation, into his presence, as a legislator; and rated it for its ridicu lous and absurd pretentions. Harri son,' from Panola, a man of strong sense, well tnixed whh the wag, got up and in a manner of peculiar serious ness, took Mr. Smiley severely to task for cufing the thing as ''ridiculous and absurd. "For my part,' said he in conclusion, ! see nothing at all either ridiculous or absurd,1 in pledging the faith of (hit State for men and money. out sir, if they ever call on us to re deem the pledge, Vial will be very ri diculous and absurd indeed." Result - of Advertising. Messrs. Ruggles, Nourse & Mason, whoso ploughs and other agricultural imple- ments have become ,in mm ree- mong - farmers pin t- ' Cjr - -I co'-trse-