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MONDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1963 _ The President Only a few things can literally stun an entire nation. The assas sination of President John F. Ken nedy was one. Thus, those of this generation have experienced what their fa thers and their fathers before them experienced when bullets cut down Abraham Lincoln in 1865, James A. Garfield in 1881 and William McKinley in 1901. It is a chilling historical link. As in the case of previous Pres idential deaths, the nation will feel the impact sharply, make adjust ments and carry on. The Ameri can government was so designed that it does not and cannot have indispensable men at any level. However, the nation’s loss of its chief executive was personal trag edy, too. Not only a President, but a husband, father, son and brother —he was all of these—died when a sniper’s bullet found its mark. There is every shade of grief in the land at this hour. John Fitzgerald Kennedy made his mark in this world in many ways, as a combat veteran in World War II, Congressman, U. S. Senator and, lastly, President — though he was not allowed to com plete a term in the White House. It does not demean him to remark that he was a controversial figure. History will record that indisput able fact and, through its infallible perspective, note whether he was right more often than wrong, or vice versa. That decision is more important in the last analysis than any expressed at the moment by partisans of whatever hue. Admirer or critic, Democrat or Republican, there is sorrow among them all that this energetic and personable young man who was yet to reach the prime of life has fallen victim to a murder as foul as any committed anywhere — whether in the heat of passion or in sordid intrigue. This sorrow is a bond that holds all Americans together and spans the normal di visions that are traditionally a part of their way of life. Thus it is that a nation bows its head in respect and grief at the untimely and tragic passing of the Chief. AUen-Scott Report Romance In 'Spy' Case WASHINGTON — The bitter - sweet complexities of romance are definitely en twined in Professor Frederick Barg hoom s mysterious imprisonment in Rus sia. The 52-year-old bachelor Yale educator was trying to arrange for a Russian wo man to be allowed to come to the U. S. to marry him when he was suddenly ar rested as a spy. He has known her for a number of years. But his repeated efforts to gain permission for her to leave Russia have been unavailing. Close friends know little about her, other than that she is an intellectual and is engaged in the “cultural field.” Barghoorn has been active in pro moing cultural relations between U. S. and the Soviet. A Yale colleague has suggested that Barghoorn seek President Kennedy’s help to induce Premier Khrushchev to permit the Russian sweetheart to come to the U. S. One theory being advanced by State Department authorities is that Barg hoom’s arrest was primarily for “dom estic consumption”; that is, as a pointed warning to Russians to avoid ties with foreigners. The Kremlin took this means of hammering home the long-standing policy that its people are to keep away from foreigners. No outsider knows more about this policy than Barghoorn. In one of his publications he wTote: “Normal relations between Soviet citizens and foreigners are made diffi cult by fundamental features of the So viet system. . .Warnings and sometimes arrests have befallen Soviet citizens who, without instructions, enter into more than casual, accidental contacts with foreign visitors. Even Soviet scien tists, though freer than under Stalin, cannot with impugnity conduct profes sional correspondence with foreign col leagues without clearance from their superiors.” WWW CASTRO STOOGE — A well-known U. S. author was paid $25,000 to write a favorable book about the Communist Castro regime. The Senate Internal Security Subcom mittee, headed by Senator James East land, D-Miss., is preparing to make pub lic a contract between this author and Cuban Foreign Minister Raul Roa for this axle-greasing book. The author has admitted to the Senate investigators that he received the $25, 000. Now living in New York he has written and lectured extensively on Lat in America. ★ ★ ★ FIGHTING WORDS — Secretary Dean Rusk is on blunt notice that the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee is deter minedly bent on restoring Otto Ojtep ka, ousted security official, to his former job. This militant ultimatum was given the State Department chief by Senator Thom as Dodd, D-Conn., vice chairman, dur ing a meeting in his office. Dodd has summoned Rusk to discuss the Otepka case, but all Rusk would say was that he would “review the findings” when he got them from the Civil Service Com mission. Dodd exploded at this aoncommittal attitude. “I want you to know, Mr. Secretary,” he exclaimed, “that the fat is in the fire. Our investigation of your depart ment’s security office won’t stop until Otepka is put back on the payroll in the position he held before he was dis missed. All the members of our com mittee feel very strongly about this, and we plan to go all the way. Otepka has been outrageously treated, and we are not going to stand for it.” “I’m glad to know how you feel about the matter,” replied Rusk. And that ended the discussion — but not the ex plosive controversy, by far. ★ ★ ★ STILL DISHING IT OUT - The Ken nedy Administration is still giving a great deal of foreign aid to President Gamal Nasser despite the Egyptian dic tator’s continued flouting of his pledge to withdraw his sizeable army from strife-torn Yemen and his latest med dling in Iraq and Syria. The Senate Government Operations Committee has ascertained that since July Nasser has received $27,497,000 in U. S. surplus grain and other products. This is upwards of $2 million more than he got during all of last year. Of the $27,497,000 — $17,563,000 is in wheat; $5,314,000 in flour; $4,514,000 in corn; $105,987 in frozen poultry. The tot al tonnage of these commodities ex ceeds 1,161,000, and shipments are still underway. Most of these products are, in effect, given to Nasser. Nominally they are “sold” for Egyptian currency. But that’s of no value to the U. S. hr* two rea sons: The money stays in Egypt, and most of it is turned over to Nasser for projects there. The Senate committee also has infor mation that a considerable part of this U. S. aid is being used to feed Egyp tian forces in Yemen. ★ ★ ★ SPARKS — The Atomic Energy' Com mission has issued a glowing 83-page re port on the recent visit of U. S. nu clear scientists to Russia. In an intro duction in the handsomely printed book, AEC Chairman Glenn Seaborg states, “Throughout the 11-day visit to the So viet Union, the U. S. delegation was cordially received and well treated. At several sites the warmth and friendliness exhibited was memorable.” But Seaborg does admit one discordant note in this harmony: “During the entire visit, the 10-man delegation was provided with only one interpreter. Thaf ^eant t^at the conversations were audible to only a part of the group at any lime. Al so no prepared descriptive booklets were provided by the Soviets.”. . .Walter Fla herty, a top aide of Speaker John Mc Cormack, Mass., is giving up his job to become a priest. From Dorchester, Mass., Flaherty will enter the first class of the new Pope John XXIII National Seminary in Weston, Mass. Today's Scripture God forbid that I should glory, save in the Cross.—Galatians 6:14. Looking Ahead A mother introduced her daughter to a lady friend. “Tell me,” said the lady to the little girl, “what ar* vou going to do when you get as big as your mother?” “Diet,” she replied. Overcome evil with good.—Romans 12:21. Understanding “I’m sorry were so late getting home,” said the husband to the baby sitter as the couple returned home later than expected. “Don’t apologize,” replied the frazzled sitter. “If I had a kid like yours I wouldn’t be in a hurry to get home ettjter.” But in fact Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who have fallen asleep.—I Cor. 15:20. I In Memoriam: I I ♦ ♦ ♦ I I President I I John I ■ I David Lawrence . . More On The Wheat Deal WASHINGTON - If the Am erican people were asked to vote in a referendum as to whether they would like to see the Unit ed States government lend money to the Soviet Union to buy wheat — which, in turn, could make possible the ship ment of Russian grain to Red China or Cuba — it can hardly be doubted that the verdict of the electorate would be over whelmingly in the negative. The Congress of the U n i t e d States today is considering whether or not to pass a law prohibiting the Export - Import Bank — a U. S. government ag ency — from guaranteeing the recently proposed transactions for the purchase of wheat by the representatives will soon have an opportunity to approve o r disapprove the measure. When the proposal to s e 11 wheat to Russia was first an nounced, President Kennedy said it was to be a private transac tion and “does not represent a new Soviet-American trade poli cy.” But a few days later, it became apparent that a mis leading impression had been conveyed. Senator Karl Mundt of South Dakota, Republican, told the Senate committee on banking and currency on Wed nesday: “The financing arrangement for these sales to the commu nist countries does represent a new departure — the United States government and the tax paying citizens of this country are assuming full credit risk *1or" these sales. Any loss sus tained by the seller of the grain or the banks financing the sales by extending credit to Russia, Hungary, or other communist bloc countries is insured by the federal government through its Export-Import Bank. . . “Now I presume the reason that the Export-Import bank was brought into this transac tion to guarantee payment of the obligations assumed by com munist countries for payment for this grain is that no com mercial banker or exporter is willing to assume the credit risk of repayment involved in sales to communist countries. The private exporters and bankers are rleuctant to extend their own credit in order to get the profit and income they will re ceive from these transactions. That is, they must regard the transaction as a bad risk and the communists as unsafe de btors.” The South Dakota senator said that, while President Ken nedy had declared that Ameri can grain would not go to Cuba, the wheat “will simply become a substitute in Russia for the Russian grain which has been promised to Cuba and the other communist countries.” M r. Mundt added: “The Cubans will eat Russian grain and the Russians will eat American grain bought from American traders on credits. . . “The way, therefore, seems to be opened for us to make pos sible the feeding of our ene mies in Cuba, in Red China, and elsewhere even if we were all to agree to the shibboleth that Russia is not an enemy since Russia could use at home the specific bushels of wheat we sell her on US government cred it while shipping to our other communist adversaries the Rus sian wheat which our Ameri can wheat replaces. . . “The American people and their Congress were led to be lieve that this grain sale would be a commercial cash transac tion with private traders and bankers assuming any credit risk in return for a profitable sale and and an interest-bear ing loan.” Pointing out that the Presi dent, in his Oct. 9 news con ference, had declared that “the grain dealers will take the risks with the private banks,” Sena tor Mundt said it now turns out that the government itself will assume the risk. Mr. Mundt is the author of the pending bill which would cover credit extensions on the sale of any products to all com munist-bloc countries. He in sists that the passage of the bill would not interfere with the planned sales of wheat and grain to Russia and her satel lites, “provided the sales are for cash, for gold or for Ameri can dollars, or provided the granting of credit to the com munists is privately extended.” The problem of furnishing ec onomic aid to countries that are potential enemies has plagued the Western Allies for many years. In the period prior to World War II, Dictator Musso lini of Italy had invaded Ethio pia, and it was proposed that the United States and other nations place an embargo on all shipments of oil to Italy. The Western Allies did not stand together, and the embargo fail ed for materialistic reasons. Senator Mundt, in his speech this week, said: “Unfortunately, desire for profit — sometimes in the form of thinly disguised human greed — has made it difficult for the United States to enforce this policy of restricting trade with the communist bloc or even to win the support of aid with our foreign assistance programs.” It is true that some of the allies of the United States — in cluding those who have been receiving “foreign aid” — have been steadily increasing their trade with Russia and the com munist-bloc countries. This has produced resentment in Cong ress. The question of trading with the communist countries is likely to be a major issue in the next several months. John Chamberlain Unsung Capitalists When is a country in danger of going Communist? It is not, as many tend to think, when it is a hopeless pawn to poverty. The threat of Communism ordi narily comes to a nation when it is first getting its head above water thanks to the effort of a few relatively uninhibited indi viduals, who may or may not be foreigners. It is then that the masses, who are at last getting a little more to put in their stomachs, begin to want faster progress without knowing just precisely what creates the plenty from which progress comes. At this moment Venezuela is particularly vulnerable to a Communist revolutionary push. The country has obviously been doing comparatively well. Its last old-fashioned Latin Ameri can dictatorship, that of Perez Jiminez, is now rather ancient history. The present govern ment, maintained by President Romulo Betancourt, has a semi socialist orientation that dis Dennis The Menace '1 TRIED WAT ONCE. BUT WE BACK OP My AVXIffl iBAKS'.' William S. White Order Too Late WASHINGTON - At the strong urging of Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, and over the my-goodness-me objec tions of some State Department types, the United States govern ment has closed to Communist bloc diplomats certain areas of this nation where missile instal lations are in operation or be ing built Nothing is wrong with this order except that has come later than it should have. Com munist-bloc diplomats are often also Communist-bloc spies, a truism a dozen times establish ed by the most indisputable of evidence. And they are not ne cessarily any more purblind than are Soviet diplomats them selves, who have long since been forbidden to travel to such vital installations. In other words, if bloc diplo mats in their reports to t h e i r home offices can give the pre cise locations of these installa tions, only the most credulous can suppose that the informa tion will not quickly find its way to Moscow. It is true, of course, that a peek through a wire fence at a weapons silo will not tell t h e looker the precise mathematical formula involved in the gadgets inside. Still, the simple fact remains that military intelli gence is military intelligence, even If it be restricted to the ability to tell the rocketeers abroad just where to zero in just in case. All counter - intelligence mea sures are necessarily based, in deed, on the assumption that while it may be impossible in the end to prevent the other fellow from penetrating your secrets, only a fool will make it so easy for him that he need only send one of his agents out on a tourist bus ride from Wash ington. All the same, now that our government has at last acted to plug such blazingly open holes in our screen, the inevitable shrill complaints are going up from American quarters which deplore this inhospitable act against an alleged “thaw” in American-Soviet relations which only they can see. Surely, they c^, all this runs afoul of those “liberalizations of people-to-people contact” which, against all history and common sense, they persist in believing pleases some free enterprise purists, but it has ruled as a coalition that contains middle class elements as well as Chris tian socialists. The chances are that Betancourt will be the first legally elected President in the history of Venezuela to re linquish his job, this coming month, to a legally elected suc cessor. What has brought Venezuela to a political take-off position that could, if Communism can be contained, result in a per manent alliance between demo cracy and a development that can be favorable to capitalistic enterprise? The answer is some thing that no Venezuelan politi cian openly admits. Oil has done it. And the oil revenues that have brought both prosperi ty and Communists danger to Venezuela have been a creation of hated North American capi talists. For fifteen years now the Venezuelans have been collect ing fifty per cent of all the oil revenues generated by for eign companies. The money had been plowed into the crea tion of a national oil company, and into all manner of agricul tural reforms. But it is not only the fifty per cent tax money from oil that has benefited Venezuela. For international oil companies like the Creole Pe troleum Corporation have sought could somehow put everything aright between this nation and the Soviet Union. Unhappily, the Kennedy Ad ministration itself has followed this chimera to a degree all too lamentable. But sensible men can be relieved thet this Ad ministration, even in its desper ate desire for some reliable ac commodation with the Russians, is not willing to be shaken by yells that we are aping the “closed society of communism” and other such rubbish. For the idea that shutting off vital military information to hos tile powers is somehow bad is only matched in silliness bv the illusion that the mortal differ enues lying between the two so dieties can be healed if only there are more “cultural ex changes and “freedom of move ment.” Even Nikita Khrushchev in his mor candid moments has shown his contempt for such drippy nonsense. We shall make an honorable and real accommodation in the cold war — if at all — only at that now unseen point in dme when Western power and deter mination have become so mas sive and real that the othei fel low will never dare to chal lenge them. And if that splen did time ever does arrive, it won’t matter in the least if the bloc diplomats carry their busy little Czech and East German cameras into every comer of this country. profitable ways of employing their capital in other things that stand to benefit the host nation. Creole Petroleum’s offshoot, the Creole Investment Corpora tion, which set up shop in 1961, has already invested some $6 million in twenty-odd compani es that do such things as man ufacture fiberboard and paper, make bricks, engage in cattle ranching, and distribute seed corn. Nobody can say with any pretense at honesty that this is done with an eye to the commercial exploitation of Juan Bimba, the poor Venezuelan, For the Creole Investment Cor poration aim is to take only a minority stock position in the companies it finances, leaving control in the hands of local capitalists. Moreover, the stipula tion is that Creole Investment capital shall be used to give employment to Venezuelans save for a scattering of U. 8. tech nical advisers if and when they are needed to get an operation off the ground. According to the most recent estimate available, the Creole investment of $6 mil lion has brought more than $20 million in local capital out of hiding and into job-making em ployment If Creole hadn’t been there, this money would have undoubtedly gone to Swiss banks for safe keeping. Meanwhile, another offshoot of so-called “oil imperialism.’' the International Basic Econo my Corporation which was crea ted by Governor Nelson Rocke feller before he went into poli tics, has contributed more than $12 million to the formation of local Venezuelan and other Lat in American enterprises, many of which have been sold either in whole or in part to the local citizenry. The Supermarkets that have been going up in Caracas and other Venezuelan communi ties are oil offspring at one or In 1962 Venezuelan farm pro duction increased by thirteen per cent. Iron is bringing new enterprise to the Orinoco region. Juan Bimba, the man on the bottom, is putting rice in his belly. Sad to say, however, he is also developing enough interest in life to listen to the Commu nists, who are preaching Cas troite violence and exploding bombs. Simply because capital ism has benefited the country, Venezuela is open to an effort at Communist take-over. Who ever said that there is justice in the world? THE CHRONICLE continuing The Chronicle Star and The Mom Point Advertiser, PUBLISHED EVERY WEEKDAY AFTERNOON EXCEPT SATURDAY SV THf CHRONICLE. INC., at 210 Delmas Avenue. Pascagoula. Mississippi. Second-class postage paid at Pascagoula. Mississippi. RALPH NICHOLSON, president and publisher MIRL CROSBY. Vice-President and general Manager W. DAVID BROWN. Editor JOSEPH E. BROWN. Ao. Mm. JOHN W. TREHERN. sue. mgr. GLENIS DILLARD, pfoo. mgr. CARL W. ACKERMAN. New York Correspondent SUBSCRIPTION RATES single copy Monday through Thursday 5 cents; single copy Priday WITH COLOR COMICS lO CENTS*. ONE WEEK 30 CENTS*. 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